US830436A - Linotype-machine. - Google Patents

Linotype-machine. Download PDF


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US830436A US30775906A US1906307759A US830436A US 830436 A US830436 A US 830436A US 30775906 A US30775906 A US 30775906A US 1906307759 A US1906307759 A US 1906307759A US 830436 A US830436 A US 830436A
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Thomas Simmons Homans
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Mergenthaler Linotype GmbH
Mergenthaler Linotype Co
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Mergenthaler Linotype GmbH
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    • B41B11/00Details of, or accessories for, machines for mechanical composition using matrices for individual characters which are selected and assembled for type casting or moulding
    • B41B11/18Devices or arrangements for assembling matrices and space bands


No. 830,436. PATENTED SEPT. 4, 1906.

v T. s. HUMANS.





r0 NEY.

No. 830,436. PATENTED SEPT. 4, 1906.

. T. s. HOMANS.








APPLICATION FILED 15113.23, 1906.



No. 830,436.- PATENTED SEPT. 4, 1906. I T. S. HOMANS.





No. 830,436. PATENTED SEPT. 4, 100a.



6 SHEETS-SHEET 5 Svwantoz PATENTED SEPT. 4, 1906.





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Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Sept. 4, 1906.

1'0 rzlhwhom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, TnoMAs SIMMONS Ho- MANS, of the borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Linotype-Machines, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has reference to that class of linotype-machines wherein circulating mat rices are stored in two magazines, from which they are delivered to a single composing mechanism in order that the line may be composed at will of matrices from either or both magazines, as represented-in Letters latent of the United States Nos. 640,033, 795,878,

798,298, and 799,943 and now known com= mercially as the Mergenthaler Double-Mag-Q azine Linotype Machine.

The object of the invention is to facilitate the independent removal and the application of the magazines, so that magazines carrying matrices of any desired faces or fonts may be speedily brought into use. To this end the upper magazine is constructed and arranged for removal in a downward and forward diport the magazine in position to admit of its eing readily withdrawn. The escapement devices for releasing the matrices from the magazines may be attached t6 and made permanent parts of the magazines, as usu but I prefer to employ stationary escapement mechanisms sustained in the mam frame and adapted to permit the independent removal of the magazines, so that the escapement mechanisms remaining in the machine may be employed in connection with any and all magazines applied thereto.

With the exception of the parts shown and hereinafter specifically described the ma chine may be.of any ordinary or appropriate construction, the rawings being restricted to those parts withwhich my improvements are directly associated,

Referring to the drawings, Fi ure 1 is a side elevation of the upper part of a machine having my improvements embodied therein with the parts'in operative position, the upper ends of the magazines and the distributor mechanism being shown in vertical section. Fig. 2 is a similar view with the parts adj usted preparatory to the removal of the magazines. Fig. 3 is, a vertical section from front to rear through the lower ends of the magazines, the escapement mechanism, and adjacent parts, the magazines being 'sepa rated from the escapements preparatory to removal. Fig. 4 is a cross-section on the line 4.4,.Fig. 1,- illustrating more particularly the mechanism for raising and lowering the forward ends of the ma azines. Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5 5, i 1, illustrating more particularly the. pivotal supports for the up- Fi 6 is a perspective View of the sup citing-frame for the upper magazine detaclied from the main supporting-frame for the lower magaziiiedei tached from themain frame;

Referringfto the drawings, A represents a rigid main frame; B, the upper inclined magazine ada ted to contain a font or set of matrices Y; ii, a second underlying magazine frame. Flg; 7 is a perspective view of the,

also adapted to contain a set or font of,mat- 8o' rices; G, a vertically-channeled front plate t" which the matrices are delivered from the upper ma azines as they are released one at a time; I an inclined assembler-belt by which the matrices from the upper magazine are delivered to the assembling mechanism; 1:, a

belt to which the matrices are delivered from the lower magazine B and b which they are delivered through intermediate guides to the assembling mechanism.

The foregoing parts are of the same general character and have the same functions as the arts represented by like letters in Patent No. 640,083, each magazine being provided with an cscapement mechanism connect-ml with finger-keys, so that as the keys are manipulated letters bearing corresponding characters are delivered from one magazine to another'and conducted to the line in composition, as heretofore. My present invention r lates to the mode of constructing and supporting the magazines and to the improved details of the escapeinent mechanism as follows: Each magazine consists, as usual. of two parallel plates secured-to,intermediate spacing-pieces and provided or their inner controiled by the escapement devices. The upper magazine I? s removably seated on an underlying base-frame l), which remains per InLiH.]'1i7l in the main frame. The baseframe b is sustained at its uppe-r end u )on and arranged to pivot. on a horizontal rod If. fixed in the main frame, and this in order that the iowerend of the frame I) and the magazine 13 thereon may be lifted above their normal or operative positions. The lower end of the base-frame b arries a transverse rock-shaft I), having at opposite ends two arms I) and two eccentrics If, the latter restingon studs or -rollers I) on the main frame. \Vhen the arms and eccentrics stand in theposition shown in Fig. 1, the magazine and its basc-frame are in operative position. When the magazine is to be removed. the arms I) are turned forward, as indicated by the dotted line in Fig. ,1, until they assume the forward position. (shown in 'Fig'. 2,) this 'n'iotion of the. arms being accompanied by a rotation of the cams If, which serve to lift the lower end of the frame I) and the magazine hereon above their norn'ial positions and .\-e them support in the new position, as shown in Fig. 3. so that the lower or forward end of the magazine stands above the channel-plate G and in position to be drawn forward from the machine without interference with the other parts.

The magazine provided on its under side it h a series of transverse bars or ribs 'to give it. the required rigidity, one of these bars near the upper end being extended lat-orally on each side, as shown at W, so that when the magazine is pern'iitlmil to slide forward and.

downward from the machine the ends of the bar will ride upon and be sustained by the arms I), so that the magazine may be permit ted to assume a pendent position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2. Being thus sustained, it may be conveniently grasped, removed from the machine, and transferred to a ra k or other support.

In applying the magazine to the machine it may be suspended on the arms, as shown, and then tipped upwardat the forward end and slid upward and back-ward to its operative position. It will be. observed that the removal and re ilacement may be easily performed first, lit-cause the magazine constructed without the usual heavy base-frame is comparatively light, and, second, because it is guided and a large portion f the weight sustained by the frame during its .movment to and from the operativeposition. When the magazine is in place, one of the cross-bars at the lower end bears behind a shoulder on the base-frame, whereby it is prevented from slidin upward. In order to effect its rel. mova it is only necessary to raise the lower end of the magazine by hand until the bar is l disengaged. v t V i Pass'ng now to the lower magazine B, it is removably seated on top Q a skeleton baso frame b having ltmgitudinal side plates b", containing slot-s b and supported by rigid i studs 7) on the main frame extending into i the slots. The mainframe is provided at the rear side beneath the base-frame If with rollers or support-s l). The arrangement of' parts is such that whenthe magazine is to be removed the base-frame may be drawn back ward from its normal position (shown in Fig.- Uto the position shown in Fig. 2. It is supported and guided during this movement by the studs 1) and rollers b, and atthe conclusion of the. backward movement it is firmly supported in the position shown in Fig. 2. It will be observed that this backward movement has the double effect. of carrying the magazine rearward and outward from the frame and also of tipping its rear end downward, so that it stands in position to be conveniently grasped by the attendant standing behind thc 'machine, who is thus enabled to draw the magazine rearward from the baseframe and remove it from the machine quickly and easily.

The. lower magazine B is essentially of the same construction as the upper magazine, being stiffened on its under side by transverse ribs or bars and being adapted to slide freely in-an. endwise direction upon and off from the base-frame. In order to facilitate the application of the magazine B", it. is preferably adapted to interlock with the baseframe when nearly withdrawn, so that it. may assume a p'endent position, as indicated by dotted lines .in Fig: 2. Any suit-ableformation of the parts to this end will answer; but it is preferred to construct the base-frame b with terminal hooks 1), adapted to engage one of the cross-bars projecting from the magazine.

It will be observed that to remove the lower magazine it is only necessary to draw the base-frame b rearward and thereafter draw the magazine'rearward from the frame with. or without permitting its suspension at the end. To apply the magazine, it is only necessary to slide it to its place on the baseframe If and thereafter push the frame forwardto its place.-

Referring now to the eseape'ment mechanism' for releasing the matrices from the respective magazines, attention is directed to F g. 3, in which C represents the escapements 'of the upper, magazine and C the escapements of the lower magazine. Each of these escapements consil .s, as usual in linotypemachines, of a cent ally-pivoted lever carrying at opposite ends twopawls or dogs, which are projected alternately into the magazine v. "mam-1w.- an-n xi in order to control the passing matrices,which are 'leli\-'ered one at a time from the open end of the magazine. There is, as usual, an escapenient for each channel of each magazine. The escapements of the upper magazine are arranged to act on its under side, while those of the lower magazine act from its upper side. Both series of eseapements are mounted. in transverse bars and 0 secured to and forming, in effect, a part of the main fran so that the escapements mav remain pa e.

tion in the mac iine when the magailnes, or cit-her of them, are removed. Each escapement is acted upon by a spring 0, attached to its supporting-bar and tending to reverse the position of the eseapement and project the upper pawl into the magazine. The escape- .ments are controlled in their action by verticall \-'-re(,:iprocating bars or reeds D, each urged constantly downward by a' s ring E and connected with a fmger-key mechanism, such as shown in Letters Patent of the United States No. 530,931, or any equivalent mechanism for lifting the bars. The springs E are of sufficient strength to overcome the springs a and hold the escapements normally in the position shown in Fig. 23. When the finger-key is actuated and the bars lifted, the position of the escapements is reversed and a single matrix is released. Each bar I) connects directly with an escapement of the u per. magazine, and also through an interme iate lever 15' and link -c'with the corresponding esCafp -meii't"o'ftliflifii' magazine. In o. der to cevent the release of matrices from both magazines, two rock-shafts F and F are extended across the machine in position to engage the respective series of escapements, these shafts being connected in such manner as to turnin unison and so that when one series of escapements is locked against movement the other is unlocked. These eseapeinent connections are essentially the same as in the present linotypema'chines and are not claimed in themselves as a part of the present invention.

It will be observed that the magazines are constructed with transverse slots 1) in one side and that the escapomentsupportini bars 0 and c are formed with ribs adapts to guide the escapement-pawls and to fill the slots 71 when the magazines are in operative position, so that the ribs form, in effect, a part of the grooved magazine-plate and aid in guiding the edges of the matrices.

It is obvious that when the stationary eseapements are used in connection with removable magazines the latter must be moved sidewise away from the esca ements before they can be withdrawn en wise from the machine. This separation of the upper magazine from its escapeinents is effected by the lifting! movement of its base-frame b, already described. in the case of the lower magazine B" the separation from the escapements is effected by lowering the magazine, as shown in Fig. 3. T0 permit of this action, the lower end of its base-frame b -is sup-=- ported when in operative position by eccentrics I)", arried in opposite cnds of a horizontal rock-shaft b", 'mounted in the'main frame, and provided with an operating-handle b. After the base-frame 1s pushed forl ward to its operative position with the magazine thereon the handle is turned and the eccentrics caused to lift the frame I) andthe magazine until the latter bears snugly against the under side of the escapementbars 0 The bars are so proportioned that the eccentrics will stand upon the center or assume such position that they .will hold the magazine rigidly in place. When the turned and the frame b and the magazine lowered to the position shown inFig. 3.

I believe the present to be the first machine in which two lndependentl and longitudinally movable magazines ave been combined with an intermediate dual escapement mechanism -that is to say, a mechanism comprising escapements to cooperate with both magazinesand itwill be understood that the details of construction may be widel modified provided the general removability of the magazines in substantially the manner described is retained.

While I prefentonsupport the lower magazine on a sliding and tilting frame of the form shown, it is to be,understood that I believe the present to be the first instance in which amagazine has been mounted on a frame or equivalent su port permitting the magazine to be moved hackward and .downward and there supported in position to be conveniently removed from the machine, and it is manifest that the details of these parts may be widely changed without, in fact, changing the mode of operation. I also believe the present machine to be the first in which a stationar escapement mechanism has been combine with adetachable magazine and means for positively moving the magazine into operative relation with the escapements acting through its side, and it is manifest that the form of the supportingframe I) and of the lifting devices I)" may be varied at will, provided they have essentially the mode of action herein described.

The composed lines of matrices will be disintegrated and the matrices delivered to the upper ends of the respective magazines by any suitable distributing mechanism. In the drawings I have shown a mechanism Patent above referred to. The. upper distributing-bar I and its adjuncts de lver the matrices through the channeled throat B hinged to the base-frame b,.1n t0 the upper magazine is to be removed, the eccentrics are lation o the parts and the independent're- 5 essentially such as that shown in the Letters 1 2 5 magazine. The lower distributor-bar I and I 0 its adjuncts deliver the matrices into the lower magazine B through the channeledthrcat B hinged to the base-frame b". The lower distributor is carried, as usual, in pendent pivoted arms 1', which may be swung upward and backward, as shown in Fig. .2.

While I have represented herein an approved form of escapement which I prefer to retain, it is to be understood that it may be replaced by escapement devices'of any other form which will act to control the )assing matrices in the magazine and. de iver them one at a time.

It is to be understood that while the escapement mechanism as a whole is fixed to the main frame and designed to remain permanently in lace it may be conveniently detached and removed for adjustment or repair.

When the magazines are removed away from the escapements, it is necessary to prevent the escape of the matrices. This may he done by any suitable locking devices-'- such, for instance, as transverse bars K thrust transversely through the magazines in position to engage the ears of the matrices.

Having described my invention, what I claim is 1. In a linotype-fnachine, the combination of two parallel longitudinally-removable magazines, an intermediate fixed dual escapement mechanism acting through the sides of the respective magazines, and mechanism for moving the magazines independently to and from the respective escapement. mechanisms.

2-. In a linotype-machine, the combination of the two series of escapements fixed in osition'and acting one upward and the ot er downward, the magazine overlying the upper escapements, a second magazine underlying the lower escapements, means for moving the magazines independently to and from the eseapements, and means for supporting the magazines during their longitudinal removal. 1

3. In a hnot e-machine, two magazines one overlying t e other, the upper magazine.

removable in a forward direction, and the lower magazine removable in a rearward direction, in'combination with an intermediate dual escapement mechanism and means for moving and supporting the magazines away from the escapements preparatory to their removal.

4. Upwardly and downwardly acting escapements and a common operating means therefor fixed in the main frame, in com inati on with the overl ing and underlying magazines, means for ifting andlsustaining the upper magazine, and means for lowering and sustaining the under magazine, whereby the independentremoval of the magazines in opposite directions is permitted without disturbing the escapement mechanism.

5. In combination with a series of escapements C, an underlying magazine B cooperating therewith, a magazine supporting frame I)", and mechanism for raising and lowering said frame.

6. In a linotype-machine, the combination of a main frame, a secondary frame mounted in the main frame to sustain the magazine in its operative position and arranged to slide endwise from its normal position, and a magazine seated upon the secondary frame and movable endwise therewith and also removable therefrom; whereby the magazine may be carried bodilyfrom its operative position and sustained during removal from the ma-.


7. In a linotype-machine, the combination of a main frame, an inclined removable magazine, and a secondary frame to sustain the magazine in its operative position, said secondary frame movable bodily in an end- .wise direction rearward and downward, with the magazine thereon; whereby the removal and application of the magazine is facilitated.

8. In a linotype-machine, and in combination with the magazine B removably mounted thereon, a sliding and tilting frame 1) whereby the magazine may be moved from its operative position and supported in position to permit of its convenient removal,

9. In a linotype-machine, a main frame, and an escapement mechanism fixed therein, in combination with a removable magazine cooperating with said escapement mechan .ism, and a magazine-support arranged to move longitudinally with the magazine thereon to facilitate the removal and insertion of the magazine, and means for moving said support laterally to establish operative relation of the magazine with the escapements and to separate the magazine therefrom preparatory to removal.

10. In a linotype-machine, a series of downwardly-acting escapements C, the underlying magazine B, the frame I) mounted to slide and to turn on pivotal supports near the upper end, and lifting devices for said frame nearits lower end.

11. In a linetype-machine, and in combination with fixed escapements C, the de tachable magazine B with tilting and sliding frame I)", and eccentrics for raising and lowering the same.

12. In a linotype-machine,a main frame, a longitudinally-removable magazine, and a magazine-en porting frame mounted to slide longitudinal y upon, and rock about, a supporting-axis.

13. In combination with the fixed coopcrating escapement mechanism, the swinging and sliding frame b lifting devices therefor,

. 830,430 I I l5 ablebodily in a rearward direction from its operative position; and provided with means for suspending the magazine when withdrawn, and the. magazine supported on the 5 movable .frame and removable in an endwise direction therefrom.

15. @111 a linotype-machine, a main frame, asecondary frame mounted to move bodily .endwise therein, a fixed escapement' mechl0 anism, and a magazine sustained by and movable with the secondary frame to and hand, this 20th day of March, 1906, in the presence of two attesting witnesses.



US30775906A 1906-03-23 1906-03-23 Linotype-machine. Expired - Lifetime US830436A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6179323B1 (en) * 1998-11-25 2001-01-30 Trw Vehicle Safety Systems Inc. Vehicle inflatable side curtain assembly

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6179323B1 (en) * 1998-11-25 2001-01-30 Trw Vehicle Safety Systems Inc. Vehicle inflatable side curtain assembly

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