US819092A - Spring draft device. - Google Patents

Spring draft device. Download PDF

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Publication number
US819092A
US819092A US25557605A US1905255576A US819092A US 819092 A US819092 A US 819092A US 25557605 A US25557605 A US 25557605A US 1905255576 A US1905255576 A US 1905255576A US 819092 A US819092 A US 819092A
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Prior art keywords
device
member
spring
end
bolt
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Expired - Lifetime
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US25557605A
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William B Smith
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William B Smith
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F1/00Springs
    • F16F1/02Springs made of steel or other material having low internal friction; Wound, torsion, leaf, cup, ring or the like springs, the material of the spring not being relevant
    • F16F1/04Wound springs
    • F16F1/12Attachments or mountings
    • F16F1/128Attachments or mountings with motion-limiting means, e.g. with a full-length guide element or ball joint connections; with protective outer cover

Description

WILLIAM B. SMITH, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

SPRING DRAFT DEVICE.

Specification of Letters Patent.

xatenteol May 1, 1b06.

Application filed April 14, 1905. Serial No. 255,576.

To (all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that LIVILLIAMB. SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Spring Draft Devices, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to spring draft de vices of that type commonly interposed between a load that is being moved and the source of power, whereby a yielding or elastic connection is bad.

Among the salient objects of the invention are to provide a much simplified construction and arrangement as compared with the devices of this character heretofore proposed, to provide a device of the character referred to so pivoted and arranged that the direct line of draft will be in perfect alinement with the longitudinal axis of the device at all times, and to provide a device so simplified as to the construction and number of parts as to reduce the cost of manufacture to a minimum.

The invention will be readily understood from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure l is a longitudinal sectional view of the device. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view taken at right angles to that in Fig. l, and Fig. 3 is a fragmentary view showing a slightly-modified form of attachment.

Referring to the drawings, 1 designates a tubular casing with a restricted opening 2 into one end thereof, the other end being open and provided through its sides with (ha metrically-disposed slots or openings 3 l designates a coiled spring located within the casing 1 upon a bolt 5, provided at its outer end with a hook 6 and at its opposite end with. a nut 7, threaded thereupon, the spring -I being disposed between said nut '7 and the end wall of the casing 1.

8 designates an eyebolt by means of which the device is pivotally attached to the end of a swingletree or other member interposed between the load and the device. The head or eye of the bolt 8 is disposed in the slots 3 in the casing 1 and is held in place by a throughbolt ),which forms a pivot connection between the casing 1 and the swingletree or other member. The through-bolt 9 may be held in place by any well-known means, that used in the present instance being the common cotter-pin 10.

Instead of an eyebolt for attaching the de vice to the swingletrec or other member a U- shaped member 1 1 may be used, as indicated clearly in Fig. 3, the arms of the U-shaped member resting on the outside of the casing and the through-bolt passing through both arms and the casing 1 in the manner shown. It is obvious that the end of the casing might be so constructed that the arm members of the Ushaped member 11 would rest inside of the end of the casing 1 and yet permit of sufficient pivotal movement of the device as to keep the line of draft at all times in perfect alinement with the longitudinal axis of the device, which is one of the important features of the present invention. The tension of the spring 4 can be regulated to a certain degree by means of the nut 7 upon the end of the hooked bolt 5.

It will be obvious from the drawings and the foregoing description that the device is reduced to a most simple and economical, as well as to a most practicable, construction; that it will always assume a direct line with the line of draft, and thus avoid any friction or binding between the hooked bolt and cas ing and that the parts can be readily separated and replaced by others of the same or different strength.

The device is nirticularly intended for use with draft-animals in order to act as a cush ion to protect the shoulders under the collar and to ease the strain when the load which is being drawn is suddenly and unexpectedly obstructed or stopped.

WVhile I have shown what I deem the preferred form of the invention, it is obvious that alterations can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and I do not, therefore, limit the invention to the details of construction and arrangement here shown and described except in so far as such details are made the subject-matter of spe cific claims.

I claim 1. A spring draft device comprising a tubular body member provided at one end with a restricted opening, a hitching-bolt passing through said restricted opening and having sliding engagement with the interior of said tubular member, a spring within said tubular member upon said hitching-bolt and engaging at its opposite ends said tubular member and said hitching-bolt, an attaching member pivotally connected to the opposite end of said tubular body member for attaching the device to the load and guides on the tubular IOC body holding the attaching member and said upon said hitching-bolt Within said body body in substantial alinement as to one plane member and acting upon the sliding move- Whilepermitting free lateral movement therel ment thereof, and an eyebolt pivotally conof in said plane. nected into the end of said body member 5 2. A spring draft device comprising a tubu- 1 With portions occupying said oppositely-dis- I 5 lar body member provided at one end With a posed slots, substantially as described. restricted opening and at its opposite end WILLIAM B. SMITH. With oppositely-disposed slots, a hitching- Witnesses: bolt sliding Within said body member and ALBERT H. GRAvEs,

10 through said restricted opening, a spring FREDERICK O. GOODWIN.

US25557605A 1905-04-14 1905-04-14 Spring draft device. Expired - Lifetime US819092A (en)

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US25557605A US819092A (en) 1905-04-14 1905-04-14 Spring draft device.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2571052A (en) * 1945-06-09 1951-10-09 Intertype Corp Swivel terminal for cables
US4733436A (en) * 1985-06-17 1988-03-29 Exemplar, Inc. Door mechanism spring assembly
US4765026A (en) * 1985-06-17 1988-08-23 Exemplar, Inc. Door mechanism spring assembly

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2571052A (en) * 1945-06-09 1951-10-09 Intertype Corp Swivel terminal for cables
US4733436A (en) * 1985-06-17 1988-03-29 Exemplar, Inc. Door mechanism spring assembly
US4765026A (en) * 1985-06-17 1988-08-23 Exemplar, Inc. Door mechanism spring assembly

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