US808714A - Type-writing machine. - Google Patents

Type-writing machine. Download PDF

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US808714A
US808714A US65450697A US1897654506A US808714A US 808714 A US808714 A US 808714A US 65450697 A US65450697 A US 65450697A US 1897654506 A US1897654506 A US 1897654506A US 808714 A US808714 A US 808714A
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type
carrier
printing
types
lever
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US65450697A
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Horace L Arnold
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UNION TYPEWRITER CO
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UNION TYPEWRITER CO
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J7/00Type-selecting or type-actuating mechanisms
    • B41J7/02Type-lever actuating mechanisms
    • B41J7/04Levers mounted on fixed pivots
    • B41J7/16Type-head pivoted to or rotating on lever

Description

No. 808,714. PATENTED JAN. 2, 1906.
H. L. ARNOLD.
TYPE WRITING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED QGT.8,1897.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1. v;
N """wk 4 INVENTOR:
By his Al/omey Nq 808,7l4. PATENTED JAN. 2, 1906. H. L. ARNOLD.
TYPE WRITING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED 0GT.8,1897.
2 SHEEFS-$HEET 2.
WITNESSES: [kNVENTOR:
B //1. Af/owlqv JQICM ML UNITED sTATEs PATENT OFFIGE.
HORACE L. ARNOLD, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO UNION TYPEWRITER COMPANY, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY, A CORPO- RATION OF NEW JERSEY.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 2, 1906.
Application filed October 8. 1897- Serial No. 664,506.
To (ti/Z whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, HORACE L. ARNOLD, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Type-Writing Machines, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates solely to what is known as the typermovement or typeaction, and for this reason I have shown in the accompanying drawings nothing more than is necessary to illustrate the principle of construction and mode of operation of the type movement or action embodying my improvements.
I have embodied my novel type-action in a full-sized type-writing machine which embodies various other features of construction; but in this case I have shown only one typeaction together with enough of the parts of the machine to enable its mode of operation to be understood.
One of the objects of my invention is to produce a type-carrier carrying more than one type so arranged that either of the type may be brought into printing position over a fiat or plane surface, so that the impression of the selected character may be made upon such surface without the possibility of the other character on said carrier making any mark upon the paper either when the selected type is being brought into printing position or while the printing is being done.
A further object of this invention is to provide a position-locating mechanism at the idle or non-operative end of the stroke of the type-carrier such as will equally locate the faces of both of the type characters on a suitably-shaped inking-pad, so that upon the return of the type-carrier from printing position it may be brought fairly against the ink ing-pad to obtain ink for the next impression.
My improvements consist in the various features of construction and combinations of devices hereinafter more fully described, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly in section, of a single type-movement and certain associated parts embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a similar view, but showing the type-carrier as having been moved to the printing position and with the lower-case type in the printing position; and Fig. 3 is a similar view, but showing the upper-case type as having been brought to the printing position.
In carrying out my invention the key-lever is connected to a secondary lever carrying upon its free end a pivoted type-carrier containing two different types inserted or arranged on radial or approximately radial lines, the faces of the types standing in the same circumference or at the same distance from the center at which the type-carrier is pivoted. By this arrangement of the type on the carrier and by the provision of suitable means at the impression end of the travel of said carrier and by reason of the shape or construction of the carrier itself, all as will be presently more fully described, I am enabled to bring either of the two types carried by said carrier into the printing position at will, the non-selected type being held at a considerable distance above or away from the fiat surface of the paper to be impressed with the selected character, while the selected charac ter is rigidly held in correct position to make the proper impression upon the paper.
Normally the faces of the two types are held or pressed firmly against the surface of the inking-pad. T 0 control the position of the characters upon the inking-pad, the carrier is provided with an extension which impinges against a suitable cam or guiding sur face when the carrier reaches the extreme idle or non-operative or non-printing end of its stroke, whereby the said carrier is automatically turned on its pivot, so as to cause both its types to be presented squarely to the two angularly-arranged surfaces of the inking-pad.
The transit of the type-carrier from the inking-pad to the printing position is governed or controlled by a curved edge of the carrier, which fits against and is guided by a stationary curved edge or device, these parts or devices also serving to guide the type-can rier on its return stroke until the said extension cooperates with its cam to cause the type-carrier to be turned to present the types squarely to their inking-surfaces To enable the operator to bring the uppercase character into action, a shifting device is provided to operate upon the carrier shortly before it reaches its extreme travel toward the printing-point and to cause said carrier to turn upon said pivot, so as to bring the second or upper-case radially-seated type to the printing position, and which is accurately defined by the striking of a prolongation of the carrier against a fixed abutment, the turning of the carrier on its pivot in the selecting of the upper-case character being effected by a lug or projection on said carrier engaging with the lower end of the shifting device, all as will now be more fully described in connection with the drawings, in which the various parts of the several views are designated by the same characters of reference.
1 designates a key-lever pivoted at 2 upon a plate 3 or other suitable support and con nected by a link 4 to another lever or arm 5, pivoted at 6 to said plate or other suitable support. To the lower free end of the lever 5 is pivoted at 7 the typecarrier, (designated as a Whole by the numeral 8.) The type-carrier is preferably formed of two side pieces or cheeks 9 9, both exactly alike and between which the lower end of the lever 5 is pivoted. Said type-carrier may be formed from a solid block and sawed or cut through centrally far enough to admit the said lever and far enough to accommodate the shanks of the types but said type-carrier is preferably formed from a single piece of sheet metal cut to proper size and form and bent up so as to provide the parallel cheek-pieces 9 9 with the intervening space for the accommodation of the lever and the type-shanks 10, both of which latter may be firmly clamped by said parallel jaws or plates by means of a single screw 11 engaging said plates midway between the typeshanks and drawing them firmly against opposite sides thereof. Each type body or base 12 is plane or flat on its under side and is seated firmly against the plane or straight edges or seats 13, formed on the type-carrier. The types are set or fixed in their carrier with their shanks or axes seated or arranged radially, or substantially so, of the pivot 7. The seat 13 for the base or body of each type is arranged at right angles to the type shank or axis of the type, and both said flat seats 13 are tangents to the same inscribed circle, or, in other words, are located at equal distances from the center on which the carrier turns. The type characters formed on said bases or beds are also located on plane faces tangent to the same inscribed circle and which has its axis coincident with the pivot on which the said carrier turns.
15 designates the lower-case character type, and 16 the upper-case character type, and in the normal or unused condition of the type-movement the faces of both said types stand squarely against the inking-pad 17, which is angularly constructed, as shown, one portion being arranged parallel-with the face of the upper type and the other parallel with the face of the lower type when the said types are in their inking positions. The said pad may be made from one integral piece of felt or other material, or it may be made of two separate parts, one for the upper type and the other for the lower type, and the said pad or pads may be mounted in a suitable holder or frame 18. The said radially-arranged types are both caused to be seated squarely against their inking-surfaces on the return stroke of the type-carrier by means of the devices which will now be described.
The type-carrier is formed or provided with an extension 19, which is adapted to be acted upon by a stationary cam or projection 20, preferably formed on the plate 3 above and in the vicinity of the inking-pad. The metal of the plate 3 is slotted or cut away, as at 21, to accommodate the said extension 19 during the time the said cam is acting upon it and thereafter when the types are seated against the pad. From the said notch or cut-away 21 the lower edge of the said plate or support 3 is curved or formed on an arc of a circle 22, with a as a center, inwardly to about the point marked and from this point the said edge of the plate is curved or formed on an arc 23, struck from the pivot 6 as a center, and which arc extends to the inner edge or corner of the plate. The upper edge 24 of the type-carrier is formed on an arc of a circle struck from the pivot 6 as a center, and hence fits to and slides in contact with the curved edge 23 of the plate during the backandforth movements of said carrier. In the returning movement of said carrier the said extension 19 strikes the cam or projection 20 on the plate and causes said carrier to turn on its pivot 7 while the lever5 is yet making its return stroke. As the typecarrier turns the said extension rides up into the cut-away 21, and at the time the types have been turned and brought against the pad said extension occupies about the position illustrated at Fig. 1.
When the type-carrier is caused to move from the inking position to the printing position by means of the key-lever 1 and the carrying-lever 5, the initial movement of the lever 5 causes the curved edge 24 of the type carrier to be drawn over into contact with the curved edge 22 of the guide-plate, and as the said lever 5 continues its travel with the edges 22 and 24 in contact the type-carrier is caused to turn about its pivot 7, the edge 22 acting as a cam to vibrate said carrier until the lower-case type is turned downwardly and to a position about radial of the pivot 6, after which said type-carrier moves to the printing point or position without further independent turning or vibration, the face of the type swinging in an arc of which the pivot 6 is the center and the type-carrier being guided in this final movement by means of the curved edges 23 and 24, the lower-case type being shown as in the printing position at Fig. 2. Thus there are two phases of action of the type-carrier in moving from the non-printing to the printing position, the first phase being an independent turning movement of the type-carrier about its own pivot and then a bodily sliding or swinging movement of the type-carrier with its carrying-lever until the printing position is reached, and on the return movement of the typecar rier it has first a bodily-swinging movement, together with its carryinglever, and then an independent turning movement when its projection reaches the cam 20. It will be observed that of the two side pieces or cheeks 9 9, which com rise the type-carrier and between which the ower end of the lever 5 is pivoted,
. one only contacts with the edge of the plate 3.
At Fig. 1 is shown the inner or working cheekpiece, while at Figs. 2 and 3 only-the outer cheek-piece is visiblethat is, the one which lies outside of the lever 5, and hence away from the plate 3, while the other cheek-piece lies behind said lever and in the same plane with the plate 3. In practice I prefer to use a pair of plates 3 for confining each typemovement, so that both of the cheek-pieces 9 are in use.
The type-carrier may be arrested when it arrives at the printing position by causing the inner edge of the lever 5 to strike against a part of the framework, as 25, or against a head 26 at the lower end of a shifting-rod 27, to be presently more fully referred to. The said head 26 is preferably tapering, conical, or spherical on its under side to match the edge 24 of the carrier and forms a guide and support therefor when the carrier is arriving at printing position and when it has come to said position, as illustrated at Fig. 2. One side of the said head is there shown as coacting with the curved edge 24, and it will be understood that the other beveled or tapering side of said head will coact with the other radially-arranged type-carrier opposite to that shown, as in the full machine the full set of type-carriers and their carrying-levers 5 are arranged in a circle radially of the rod 27 and its head 26, so that the said head is adapted to cooperate with all of the type-carriers as they swing inwardly toward the center of the system.
When the type has been brought to the printing position, as shown at Fig. 2, the impression upon the paper 28 may be made in any desired way. The mode of impressing the type upon the paper forms no part of my present invention. If desired, a hammer or plunger 29 (indicated at Fig. 2) may be employed to drive the paper against the type; but in this case I do notwish to be limited to effecting the printing in this or any other par ticular manner.
Referring now more especially to the shifting action by which the upper-case type is brought to the printing position, the typecarrier is formed or provided with a projection 30 at its upper edge and at the end of the curved part 24 opposite that at which the projection 19 is located, and said projection 30 is adapted to cooperate with the vertical side of the cylindrical portion of the head 26 to effect a partial revolution -of the typecar rier about its pivot 7, and thus cause the upper-case type 16 to be turned around to the printing position and the lower-case type to swing on past said position out of the way of the paper.
The rod 27, carrying the head 26, slides in a bearing in the framework 25 and also in a bearing in another part of the framework 31, and between the latter and a button 32 on the upper end of the shifting-rod is a coiled spring 33, which maintains said rod normally in the elevated position shown at Fig. 2, in which the head 26 is out of the path of travel of the projection 30, and hence can exert no influence upon the type-carrier, and when this is so the lower-case type will always be presented to and arrested at the printing-point; but when the but ton, or finger 32 (which may be inscribed shift-key) is pressed down upon the head 26 is depressed to the position shown at Fig. 3 and into the path of travel of the projection 30, which upon meeting said head is arrested and by reason thereof and the continuation of the travel of the lever 5 the type-carrier is caused to be turned about its pivot 7 sufficiently to bring the upper-case type around to a position perpendicular to the paper to be printed upon or to the printing position (illustrated at-Fig. 3) and which may be defined accurately by the striking of a prolongation or finger 34 of the carrier against a fixed abutment or the framework 25. Between the projection 30 and the finger 34 the type carrier is formed with a notch or seat 35, corresponding to the shape of the under side of the head 26, the said notch or seat being formed by the opposite inclines shown.
On the return movement of the type-carrier from theuppercaseprinting positions (shown at Fig. 3) the inner edge of the pro longation 34 may strike against the edge of the head 26, thereby causing the type-carrier to turn slightly on its pivot but when the curved-edge 24 strikes against and rides in contact with the curved edge 23 the typecarrier is fully turned to the same position which it occupies when returning from printing position when the lower-case type is used, and hence when the projection 19 strikes against the cam 20 they type-carrier is turned to bring both types squarely against the ink ing-pad, just as effectually as when returning from lower-case-printing position. The type movement as awhole is returned to normal position by means of a spring 36, one end of which maybe attached to some part of the Iio framework, as 37, and the other end to apart of the key-lever 1, as at 38. The inner end of each key-lever is preferably provided with a horn 39 to operate upon a universal ring or disk 40, connected with the escapement mechanism and having an individual returning-spring 41; but since this portion of the machine forms no part of my present invention I need not further describe the same than to say that the plunger or shift-key device in this instance passes through the said universal ring or disk and its depending sleeve 42.
From the foregoing description it will be seen that I so control the type-carrier as that the two types thereon are returned against the inking-pad in such a manner that both of the types shall be equally provided with printing material, also that I definitely control or locate the type-carrier while in transit from the pad to the printing-point, and also I that I provide two positionsof the carrier at the printing-point, in the first of which it will always present one of the characters for impression, while in the second by depressing the shifting abutment or disk it will infallibly present the second character for impression on the paper.
It will be observed that during a portion of the radial movement of the type-carrier between the ink-pad and the printing-center it slides along the stationary curved guidingsurface 23, which is arranged between the type-carrier and the fulcrum of the lever 5, and is curved substantially concentric to the pivot of said lever. The type-carrier-intercepting device 20 is fixed, and the intercepting device 26, although movable into and out of working position, is stationary with relation to the moving type-carrier. Each of the devices 20 and 26 extends into the path of the carrier and causes the latter to turn upon its pivot, and the device 26 is controlled by afinger-key 32, which is separate from the fingerkey that moves the carrier from normal to printing position. Although the cam-edge-intercepting device 22, which causes the typecarrier to turn to bring the lower-case type to printing position, is formed upon the same piece of metal as the device 20, yet said parts operate independently of each other and at different movements of the type-carrier arm 5, and hence are distinct and separate devices. The type-carrier is wholly operated by means of the single swinging arm 5, upon which it is pivoted.
Various changes in detail construction and arrangement may be made without departing from the gist of my improvements, some of which, it will be understood in practice, maybe used without othersas, for example, the type-selecting features may be employed in connection with the usual inking-ribbon at l the printing-point instead of with the inkingpad herein shown and described. 1
What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier carrying a plurality of types, a stationary guiding-surface coacting with a sliding surface on said carrier for positively controlling the position of the carrier while moving radially from the non-printing toward the printing position, and means for positively controlling the typecarrier to bring any desired type to the printing position.
2. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a key-lever, a carrying-lever connected thereto and having at its free end a pivoted type-carrier provided with a sliding surface, and a stationary guiding-surface to coact therewith to control the position of the type-carrier in its movements to and from the printing position, said stationary guidingsurface being arranged between said typecarrier and the fulcrum of said carrying-lever.
3. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted lever connected to an actuating-key, a type-carrier pivoted upon said lever and provided with a curved sliding surface, and a stationary curved guiding-surface to match. said sliding surface on the type-carrier, the curve of said stationary guiding-surface being substantially concentric to the pivot of said lever.
4. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having two characters thereon, a movable device adapted to directly engage with said type head or carrier to cause a partial revolution of the same at the will of the operator, so as to bring the second character thereon to the printing position, and independent fixed means on the framework of the machine for directly engaging said type head or carrier on its return stroke and restoring it to normal position.
5. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type-carrier having two types thereon, a movable abutment adapted to be projected into the path of travel of said carrier and cause it to make a partial revo lution so as to bring the second type thereon to the printing position, and a cam for restoring said carrier to normal position on its return stroke.
6. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having two types thereon, a movable abutment in line with the printing-point for turning said carrier to bring the second character thereon to the printing position, and independent means adapted to engage said carrier on its return stroke and restore it to nor mal position.
7. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two types, the first of which is by means on the framework of the machine normally guided always to the printing-point, and means for turning said carrier while in transit to the printing-point so as to bring the second character thereon into the printing position when desired.
8. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having two types thereon and having also a rigid projection, an abutment adapted to be moved into the path of said projection to cause a par tial revolution of the said type head or carrier to bring the second type thereon to the printing position, and a fixed projection adapted to engage another rigid projection on said type-head carrier and restore'the latter to normal position on its return stroke.
9. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two types thereon and also a projection, and a spring-pressed rod carrying an abutment adapted to engage said projection, to turn the carrier to bring the upper-case type to printing position, and said abutment being also constructed to guide and support said carrier when the lower-case type is approaching and when it is at the printing position.
10. In a typewriting machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two types thereon'and also a projection and a finger, a movable abutment to engage said proj ection, and a fixed abutment for said finger to strike against so as to limit the turning action of said type-carrier.
11. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two types, a projection, and a finger, a seat between said last-mentioned devices, a fixed abutment and a spring-pressed rod' provided with a disk which is shaped on its under side to fit said seat.
12. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two types thereon and also a projection and a finger, means coacting with said projection for turning said carrier, and a stationary abutment coacting with said finger to accurately define the position of the second type while printing therewith.
13. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a lever connected to a finger-key, a type-carrier pivoted at the free end of said lever and having two types thereon and formed with a guiding-surface and a projection, a stationary guiding-surface, and a movable abutment for engaging said projection.
14. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a lever connected to the finger-key, a type-carrier pivoted to said lever and having two types and also a curved guidingsur face, a projection, and a finger, a stationary guiding-surface, a movable abutment to cooperate with said projection, and a fixed abut-- ment to cooperate with said finger.
15. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a lever connected to the finger-key, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having two types and also a curved guiding-surface, a stationary guiding-surface, and a movable abutment having a guiding-surface to cooperate with that on the said carrier.
16. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier carrying a plurality of types having their faces the same distance from the pivot of said carrier, and stationary means for guiding said type-carrier as it swings toward the center and independent shiftable means for turning said car rier whereby either of the types carried thereby may be brought into operative position at the will of the operator.
17. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type-carrier carrying a plurality of types having their faces the same distance from the pivot of the carrier and provided with suitable projections, and suitable coacting stationary and movable engaging surfaces whereby either of the types on said carrier may be brought into the printing position at the will of the operator.
18. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a lever and a type head or carrier pivoted thereto and carrying a plurality of types, the face of each of which types is arranged at right angles to a radius drawn through the center of the type and through the axis on which said carrier is pivoted, and a stationary device constructed to directly engage and intercept said carrier and cause the latter to turn upon its pivot and to positively guide the head in its turning movement.
19. In a type-writing machine, a pivoted type head or carrier provided with two type characters located in radial seats formed in said carrier, and a stationary device constructed to directly engage and intercept said carrier and cause the latter to turn upon its pivot and to positively guide the carrier in its turning movement.
20. In a type-writing machine, a type head or carrier bearing two type characters located on plane faces tangent to the same inscribed circle which has its axis coincident with the pivot on which the said carrier turns, and a stationary'device constructed to directly engage and intercept said carrier and cause the l latter to turn upon its pivot and to positively guide the carrier in its turning movement.
21. In a type-writing machine, a type-carrier comprising two cheek -plates forming seats therebetween for the shanks of two radially-arranged types, and a single clampingscrew engaging said cheek-plates for securing said types in their seats.
22. In a type-writing machine, the combination of an inking-pad, a pivoted type-carrier provided with an extension, and a single projection for engaging said extension and causing the carrier to turn and present its types to the said inking-pad.
23. In a type-writing machine, the combination of an inking-pad, a type arm or lever, a type-carrier pivoted to said type-arm to swing in the general direction of movement of the type-lever and having two types, and means for controlling the position of the two types at their idle or non-printing position, said controlling means including an intercepting device arranged in the path of said type-carrier.
24. In a type-writing machine, the combination of an inking-pad, a type arm or lever, a type-carrier pivoted to said type-arm to swing in the general direction of movement of the type-lever and having two types, and means for turning said carrier as it approaches said inking-pad and causing the faces of both said types to be brought thereagainst, said turning means including an intercepting device arranged in the path of said type-carrier.
25. In a type-writing machine, the combination of an inking-pad, a type-carrier provided with two types and with an extension, and stationary means for positively turning said carrier in the movement thereof toward and from the printing position and so as to bring said types against the inking-pad.
26. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of an inking-pad, a type-carrier pro vided with two types, an extension and a guiding-surface, a fixed guiding-surface, and a fixed cam or abutment.
27. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type-carrier having two radially-arranged types, an inking-pad having two angularly arranged surfaces, and means for turning said type-carrier to present both of said types to said inking-surfaces said typecarrier being pivoted upon and wholly operated by a single swinging arm and having a pivotal movement on said arm in the general direction of the plane of move ment of the arm.
28. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type-carrier having two radially-arranged types and an extension, an inking-pad having two angularly-arranged inking-surfaces, and a fixed cam or abutment for turning said carrier.
29. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type-carrier having two types and adapted to travel from an inkingpad to the printing-point, means for turning said carrier as it approaches said inking-pad so as to bring both type-faces thereagainst, means for guiding said type-carrier to the printing-point, and means adapted to be projected into the path of travel of the said type-carrier to turn the same, whereby either of the inked types may be presented to the paper at the will of the operator.
30. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type-carrier having two radially-arranged types, a guiding-surface, an extension, a projection, and a finger, an inking-pad, a fixed guiding-surface, a fixed cam, a movable abutment, and a fixed abutment.
31. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a lever connected to the finger-key, a type-carrier pivoted on said lever and provided with two radially-arranged types, a guiding-surface, an extension, a projection and a finger, an inking-pad, a fixed cam, sta tionary guiding-surfaces, a movable abutment, and a fixed abutment.
32. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a type-carrier-supporting lever, a finger-key operatively connected thereto, a type-carrier pivoted on the free end of said lever and having radiallyarranged upper and lower case types, an inking-pad constructed to simultaneously ink both of said types, means for guiding said carrier to the printing point for printing the lower case character, and means controlled by a separate finger-key for turning said carrier while in transit so as to bring the upper-case char acter into printing position.
33. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a key-lever, a returning-spring, a type-carrier-supporting lever, a connection between said levers, a type-carrier pivoted at the free end of said supporting lever and having two radially-arranged types, an inkingpad, means for guiding said type-carrier in its movements from said pad to the printing position and back, means for turning said carrier as it arrives at the inking position, and means controlled by a separate key for turning said carrier as it arrives at the printing position.
3.4-. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon, an inking-pad, an intercepting device for causing said type-carrier to turn to present the type to the pad, and a separate intercepting device for causing said carrier to turn to bring the type to printing position.
35. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon, and having radiallyarranged upper and lower case types, an inking-pad constructed, to simultaneously ink both of said types, an intercepting device for causing said type-carrier to turn to present the types to the pad, and a separate device for causing said carrier to turn to bring the upper-case character into printing position.
36. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having radially arranged upper and lower case types, an ink ing-pad constructed to ink both of said types simultaneously, an intercepting device for causing said type-carrier to turn to present the types to the pad, a separate intercepting device for causing the carrier to turn to bring IIO the lower-case type into printing position, and a separate device for causing said typecarrier to turn to bring the upper-case type into printing position.
37. In a type-writing machine, the combination with a vibratory lever, of a finger-key operatively connected thereto, a type-carrier pivoted upon said vibratory lever and having radially-arranged upper and lower case types, an inking-pad constructed to ink both of said types simultaneously, an intercepting device for causing said type-carrier to turn to present the types to the pad, a separate intercepting device for causing the carrier to turn to bring the lower-case type into printing position, and a device operated by a sep arate finger-key for causing said type-carrier to turn to bring the upper-case type into printing position.
38. In a type-Writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having a lower -case type which swings with said carrier in the general direction of the plane of movement of said lever, and fixed means for causing said type-carrier to positively turn on its pivot during a vibration of said lever to- Ward the printing position to guide it in such movement, and so as to cause said lowercase type to turn to the printing position.
39. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having a lower-case type, fixed means for causing said type-carrier to turn on its pivot during a vibration of said lever toward the printing position and so as to cause said lower-case type to turn to the printing position and additional means for causing said type-carrier to be turned on its pivot during the return stroke of said lever and so as to bring said lower-case type back to normal position.
40. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having a lower-case and an upper-case type, fixed means coacting to turn said type-carrier and bring the lowercase type to printing position, and independent movable means adapted to coact with said carrier to cause the latter to be turned and the upper-case type to be brought to printing position, at the will of the operator.
41. In a type-Writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having a lower-case and an upper-case type, fixed means coacting to turn said type-carrier and bring the lowercase type to printing position, independent movable means adapted to coact with said carrier to cause the latter to be turned and the upper-case type to be brought to print ing position at the will of the operator, and independent means coacting With said carrier on its return stroke for restoring it to normal position.
42. In a typewriting machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having radially arranged upper and lower case types, an intercepting device for causing the carrier to turn to bring the lower-case type into printing position, and a separate intercepting device for causing said carrier to turn to bring the upper-case type into printing position.
43. In a type-writing machine the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having radially ar ranged upper and lower case types, an intercepting device for causing the carrier to turn to bring the lower-case type into printing position, a separate device for causing said carrier to turn to bring the upper-case type into printing position, and an additional intercepting device for causing said type-carrier to turn back to normal position on the re turn stroke of said vibratory lever.
44. In a type-writing machine, the combi' nation of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon, a guiding plate having a curved edge, and a coacting curved edge on the typecarrier.
45. In a type-Writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon, and a guiding-plate having a curved edge, a cam or projection 20 and a notch 21; and said type-carrier having a coacting curved edge and. an extension 19.
46. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having an extension 19, a curved guiding edge 24, a projection 30, a finger 34, and an upper and a lower case type, a guiding-plate having a curved edge, a cam or projection 20 and a notch 21, and a movable abutment as 26.
47 In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type-carrier pivoted thereon and having an extension 19, a curved guiding edge 24, a projection 30, a finger 34, upper and lower case types, and a notch or seat 35, a guiding-plate having a curved edge, a cam or projection 20 and a notch 21, and a key-actuated head 26 having a surface adapted to coact with the curved edge 24 and with the notch or seat 35.
48. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a vibratory lever, a type head or carrier pivoted thereon and having an upper and a lower case type, an inking-pad on which said types normally rest, a movable device adapted to directly engage one rigid part of said type head or carrier to turn the upper-case type to printing position on the inward stroke of said lever, and another fixed device adapted to directly engage another rigid part of said type-carrier during the return stroke of said lever and cause said typecarrier to turn back to normal position with the types resting on the inking-pad.
49. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier, an inking-pad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, and means for positively and directly engaging said type head or carrier during its printing movement to turn it from the inking-pad and to bring it to the printing position and to guide it during such movement.
50. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier, an inking-pad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, means for positively and directly engaging said type head or carrier throughoutor substantially throughout its movements to and from the printing position to turn it away from the inking-pad during the movement of the carrier in one direction and to turn it toward the ink-pad during movement of the carrier in the opposite direction and to guide the carrier during such movements.
51. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier, an inking-pad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, and means for positively and directly engaging said type head or carrier during its printing movement to turn it from the inking-pad and to bring it to the printing position and to guide it during such movement and to hold it fixed against lateral movement or vibration when in the printing position.
52. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted. key-actuated type head or carrier, and a fixed guide with which said head contacts throughout or substantially throughout its movement to and from the normal position and by which the type-head is positively turned and guided to the printing position.-
53. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted key-actuated type head or carrier carrying a plurality of types, a fixed guide with which said head contacts throughout or substantially throughout its movement to and from the normal position and by which the type-head is positively turned and guided to the printing position, and independent means within the control of the operator for determining the particular type on the carrier to be presented to the printing position.
54. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having a plurality of types thereon, an inkingpad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, means for positively and directly engaging said type head. or carrier during its printing movement to turn it from the inking-pad and to bring it to the printing position and to guide it during such movement, and controlling means independent of said guiding and turning means for determining which type on the carrier shall be presented in position to print.
55. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having a plurality of types thereon, an inkingpad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, means for positively and directly engaging said type head or carrier throughout or substantially throughout its movements to and from the printing position to turn it away from the inking-pad during the movement of the carrier in one direction and to turn it toward the ink-pad during the movement of the carrier in the opposite di rection and to guide the carrier during such movements,and controlling means independent of said guiding and turning means for determining which type on the carrier shall be presented in position to print.
56. In a type-writing machine, the combination of a pivoted type head or carrier having a plurality of types thereon, an inkingpad on which the type or types on said head normally bear, means for positively and directly engaging said type head or carrier throughout or substantially throughout its movements to and from the printing position to turn it away from the inking-pad during the movement of the carrier in one direction and to turn it toward the ink-pad during the movement of the carrier in the opposite direction and to guide the carrier during such movements, and controlling means independent of said guiding and turning means for determining which type on the carrier shall be presented in position to print, said controlling and guiding and turning means cooperating with said typecarrier to maintain it fixed against lateral vibration or movement when it is in the printing position.
57. In a type-writing machine, the combi nation of a pivoted type head or carrier, an
inking-pad against which the type or types on said carrier normally rest, and a fixed slide on which said type-carrier slides throughout or substantially throughout the movements of the carrier to and from the printing position and which is effective to turn the carrier toward and away from the inking-pad and toward and away from the printing position. Signed at New York city, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 7th day of October, A. D. 1897.
HORACE L. ARNOLD. Witnesses:
JAooB FELBEL, K. V. DONOVAN.
ICC
US65450697A 1897-10-08 1897-10-08 Type-writing machine. Expired - Lifetime US808714A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2480979A (en) * 1945-11-30 1949-09-06 Underwood Corp Shiftable type head mechanism for typewriting machines

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2480979A (en) * 1945-11-30 1949-09-06 Underwood Corp Shiftable type head mechanism for typewriting machines

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