US808282A - Breech-loading small-arm. - Google Patents

Breech-loading small-arm. Download PDF

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Publication number
US808282A
US808282A US1903162203A US808282A US 808282 A US808282 A US 808282A US 1903162203 A US1903162203 A US 1903162203A US 808282 A US808282 A US 808282A
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Prior art keywords
sleeve
breech
piece
side
lever
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Philip Thomas Godsal
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Philip Thomas Godsal
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/34Magazine safeties
    • F41A17/38Magazine mountings, e.g. for locking the magazine in the gun

Description

No. 808,282. PATENTED DEC. 26, 1905.

v P. T. GODSAL. BRBEOH LOADING SMALL ARM.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 19.1903.

4 SHEETS-SHBET1 iinu m km 2 No. 808,282. PATENTED DEC. 26, 1905. v P. T. GODSAL.

BREEOH LOADING SMALL ARM.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 19,1903

4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

)aa'ineawed;-

N 0 ,2 2. PATENTED DEC. 26 1905.

0 8 8 8 P. T. GODSAL.

BREEGH LOADING SMALL ARM.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 19,1903.

4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

TJNTTED sTATEs PATENT- oTTioE.

BREECH-LOADING SMALL-ARM.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 26, 1905.

Application filed June 19, 1903. Serial No. 162,203.

Arms, of which the following is a specification.

The accompanying drawings show the several improvements constituting this invention as applied, for example, to a breech-loading service-rifle.

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the rifle, showing the action in section, the parts being shown in the cooked or firing position.

Fig. 2 is a planview, and Fig. 3 is aback view, of the same. Fig. 4 is a side view of the frame or receiver with the sleeve removed and partly in section. The remaining figures, 5 to 33, show the various parts of the action in detail and will be more particularly referred to hereinafter.

This invention relates to breech-loading small-arms of the character generally described in the specification of English Letters Patent granted to me on the 8th day of August, 1888, No. 11,461; and the invention consists in certain important modifications, additions, and improvements in small-arms, which will simplify their construction and render them more convenient in use and more suitable for active service.

Many of the improvements will apply equally Well to what are known as matchrifles and sporting-guns and to servicerifles.

For convenience of description I will first describe what I may term the fixed parts of the action. Referring,then, to Figs. 1 to 4, a is the barrel, and b the frame, which is screwed onto the barrel in the usual way. From the back of the frame I) extend bars or side plates 0, one on each side, and these bars are formed with overhanging portions or flanges (Z at the top on the inside for a purpose to be presently explained. These bars 0 are seen at Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4, also at Fig. 5, which is a section on or about the line A B of Figs. 1, 2, and 4 at Fig. 6, which is a section on or about the line C D of the same figures; at Fig. 7, which is a section on or about the line E F of the same figures, and at Fig. 8, which is an end or back view. These bars are kept apart by a spacing-bar e, which is secured thereto in any convenient manner, the said bar e also serving as the meanswherebythe action is secured to the butt, and taken together these pieces form the body or breechshoe of the action and may, if preferred, be made in one piece.

In a recess in one of the bars 0 is mounted on a vertical axis a lever (See Figs. 1, 2, and 4.) This lever, which is shown in plan view at Fig. 9 and in side view at Fig. 10, has two catches, and the object of the second catch is to act as a stop to limit the travel of the sleeve rearward, and thus prevent the withdrawal of the sleeve until the catch is thrown out of action by pressing inward the tail of the lever f for the purpose of stripping the action, as w1ll be clearly understood from the drawings. The first catch or end of the lever acts as an ejector, as will be presently explained.

The rear face of the frame I) is curved or sloped backward, as shown at 9, Figs. 2,4, 5, and 6, and against the incline on the right side the sleeve-lever strikes as it is raised to open the breech, and thus the sleeve, with the empty cartridge-case, will be levered or cammed back and started on its backward or withdrawing motion.

h is a notch or recess in one bar 0 (see Fig. 4) to receive the sleeve lever or handle, andt is a spring-catch which is secured to the side,

of the bar and enters a slot in the sleeve-lever, as seen at Figs. 2, 4, and 5. The form of this spring-catch is shown in top or plan view detached at Fig. 32, the projection z entering a hole in the side of the bar to underlie the sear to prevent its moving until the action is completely closed. The slot in the lever is also seen in other of the detail figures.

Theframe is provided outside with an enlargement 7c, in which is cut a longitudinal dovetail groove, and in this groove slides a bolt 1, (see Figs. 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8,) which bolt is intended to be slid over the sleeve-lever or into a hole in it to lock the same in the closed position, or it may be in half-open pobeing springy and adapted to click into transverse notches provided in the enlargement to receive it, and thus the bolt will be held in the forward or backward position, as required, and at the same time it can be easily withdrawn when it is desired to oper ate the action.

The side bars a are cut away, as seen at Fig. 7, where the magazine would come, so as to provide a space for the insertion of the magazme.

m (see Fig. 33) is a spring-slide mounted on the spacing-piecee and adapted to be slid forward, so as to close the inlet from the magazine and form what is called a cut-off to the magazine in case it may be desired to use the arm with hand-feeding.

n is the butt, which is secured to the spacing-bar e by screws, as seen at Fig. 1, which screws also pass through the trigger-plate. The butt n is shaped at the part behind the action so as to give a good grip for bayonet work. The under side curve thus left will form a kind of hook by which the arm may be suspended from a rack or from the shoulder of the user. As the arm may be made very light without reducing its firing strength, it may be well to provide an ar rangement for clamping a lead weight to the butt, so as to obviate the kick in training recruits and to give them that confidence which is so desirable for beginners.

0 is the stock, which is secured at its rear end to the frame b by a transverse pin (1.

1" is a trigger which with its guard is placed in front of the magazine, and by this means the arm is shortened considerably, as the length of the butt is usually governed by the position of the trigger. I11 this action the body forms part of the butt and not, as in most actions, a prolongation of the barrel, and the wooden butt thus becomes, comparatively speaking, a small one.

The butt may be provided with an adjustable heel-plate to suit different lengths of arm in the users.

, I have thus described what may be termed the fixed parts of the action. I will now proceed to describe the moving parts. -Re ferring, then, to Figs. 12 and 13, in which Fig. 12 is a side view of the sleeve and Fig. 13 a back view, 1 is the sleeve provided at its front end with lugs 2, which enter and lock in recesses in the frame on receiving a quarter-turn in a manner now well understood. To the sleeve is secured in any convenient manner the lever 3, (preferably it forms part of it,) and at the rear end of the sleeve is an incline 4, which acts to cam back the firingpin before opening the breech when the sleeve 1 is rotated by the lever 3. The sleeve is bored longitudinally to receive the firing-pin, and near the rear end is a segmental groove or notch 5 to receive a stud or rib for a pur pose to be presently explained. In the side of the sleeve and behind the left lug a recess 38 is formed, into which the second catch on the lever f will enter as the sleeve is drawn back, and will thus strike against the shoul der of the recess and stop the backward movement of the sleeve. This sleeve 1 is fitted to the sliding breecl1piece 6 in such a manner that it may have axial motion there in within certain limits. This sliding breechpiece is shown detached in side view, Fig. 14, in plan view, Fig. 15, in front view, Fig. 16, and back view, Fig. 17. This sliding breechpiece 6 is provided with lateral grooves 7, which fit the parts (1 of the side bars a, and it is hollow internally to receive the rear end of the sleeve. The firing-pin and the mainspring will be fully described hereinafter. At top the sliding breech-piece 6 is formed with a flat portion 8, and across the front end of this flat portion the notch 9, preferably of the shape shown at Fig. 14, is cut. Across the rear end of the sliding breech piece 6 is formed another notch or recess 10, in which a cam-lever 1 1 is pivoted at 12, as shown at Figs. 1, 2, 3, 1S, and 19. Fig. 18 is a back view of Fig. 19, and Fig. 19 is a side view showing all the parts constituting the sleeve and its accessories or the moving parts assembled. Fig. 20 is a front view of Fig. 19, and Fig. 21 a section on the line G II of Fig. 19.

13 is a slot in the under side of the sliding breech-piece 6 to receive a portion of the iiring-pin, to be presently referred to.

14 is the sleeve-head, formed as shown at Figs. 22, 23, and 24, which are respectively a plan view, a side view, and a front view. The head 14 is provided with a stem 1 5,which fits into the end of the sleeve. The head and stem are bored longitudinally to receive the pointed end of the firing-pin. On its under side this head 14 is formed with downward. projections 16, inside which is secured in any convenient manner a strip or piece of metal 17. This piece 17 carries a dovetail projection or stud 18, which fits into a recess formed in the under side of the sliding breech-piece to receive it, as seen at Fig. 19, and by which the metal piece 17 is held up so that it presents a smooth surface continuous with the bottom of the sliding breech-piece and sleevehead and covers up any angles which might strike the cartridge and cause it to tip up and get out of position as the sleeve is drawn back to eject and reload. These projections 16 extend slightly beyond the sleeve-head 14 on each side, as seen at Figs. 22, 23, a distance equal to the depth of the rim of the cartridge 19 (see Fig. 23) and serve as pusher-pieces to push the cartridges out of the magazine into the barrel, and the projections serve also to support the rim of the cartridge against the pressure of the extractor when withdrawing the cartridge-case. On the left side of the sleeve-head a groove or notch 35 is formed to serve as a path for the ejector 34, formed by IIO the front end of the lever f when the second catch enters its recess 38.

20 is the firing-pin, which is shown detached in side view at Fig. 25 and end view at Fig. 26. This firing-pin 20 is of varying di ameters, as shown. Across the rear end 21 is made a notch 22,into which the cam 11, Figs. 1, 2, 3, 8, 18, and 19, enters as the lever is thrown over to the op osite side when the arm is cocked. (See ig. 8.) This cam 11, with the notch 22, acts then as a looking or safety device.

23 is a piston on the firing-pin, which accurately fits the internal diameter of the sliding breech-piece 6 and forms a guide to keep the pin steady and an abutment for the mainspring. To this piston is attached in any convenient manner or formed in one therewith the piece 24, whichacts as a cookingpiece to be caught by the sear. The cocl ing-piece 24 is placed to one side of the firing pin at a greater or less angle downward from the horizontal plane of the axis, as will be seen in Figs. 1, 7, 8, 19, 21, 25, and 26, and so that it will be in the path of the sear, which will catch against the end thereof, as will be understood from a comparison of Figs. 6 and 7.

The trigger is provided with a finger 25 at one side, which cooperates with the tail of the sear.

26 is the sear, which is placed to one side of the action. The form of the sear is shown detached in plan view at Fig. 27, in side view at Fig. 28, in front view at Fig. 29, and in position at Figs. 1, 4, and 6. As will be seen in Figs. 27 and 29, the tail 27 of the sear 26 is not in line with the latter, but to one side thereof.

.28 is the sear-spring, (see Fig. 1,) which is secured to the frame I) or to the side bar a or in any other convenient position.

29 is the cartridge-extractor, which is shown I detached in side view at Fig. 30, in plan view at Fig. 31, and in position at Figs. 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 18, 19, 20, 21, and 23. The extractor is made of tempered steel and is shaped as shown. It is provided on the under side with a projection 30 of dovetail or other suitable shape and is intended to slide sidewise into the notch 9 in the sliding breech-piece 6, which is correspondingly shaped to receive it. (See Fig. 14.) This projection 30 is formed on its under side with a rib or stud 31, which passes transversely through the sliding breech-piece 6 and enters the segmental notch 5 in the sleeve 1. (See Fig. 12.) By these means the sleeve is secured in the sliding breech-piece, but is capable of rotating therein to the required extent to lock and unlock the sleeve 1. The tail of the extractor 29 being springy will click into a recessed piece 32, formed on the top of the sliding breech-piece 6 to receive it, (see Fig. 19,) or it may be made with a stud to snap into a suitable hole in the sliding breech-piece. Thus it will be seen that the extractor is quite independent and does not rotate with the sleeve and that it serves to hold the rotary sleeve 1 in position in the sliding breech-piece 6.

33 is the mainspring, which is moimted on the end 21 of the firing-pin and is contained within the sliding breech-piece 6.

To strip the action, the user will press on the tail of the lever f and rock it, so that its second catch will be clear of the recess 38 in the sleeve. The sliding breech-piece can then be withdrawn from the side bars 0. To separate the parts of the sleeve 1, the tail of the extractor 29 is raised out of its recess 32, and

the extractor is pushed sidewise, so that this projection 30 will slide out of the notch 9 of the sliding breech-piece 6 and the rib or stud 31 out of the notch 5 of the sleeve, when all the parts will be free to come apart. For convenience it may be desirable to compress the mainspring 33 by cooking the action and putting on the cam-lever 11. This will hold the spring compressed while the stud 18 of the spring-piece 17 is being released from its notch and the parts are being separated. The camlever 11 can then be released, and the spring allowed to quietly expand, when the firingpin can be removed from the sliding breechpiece. To assemble the action, the operations will be reversed-that is to say, firingpin replaced, spring-compressed firing-pin locked by cam-lever, sleeve inserted, bolthead placed in position, and dovetail 18 pushed into its place, and, lastly, the extractor 29 replaced. The sliding breech-piece is then ready to be slid between the bars 0, between which it will be again locked by the leverf.

With the stop-lever f is combined the ejector 34. This piece will lie in the path of the 4 groove or notch 35, formed in a projection 16 on the under side of the sleeve-head 14. (See Figs. 20 and 24.)

When thesliding breech-piece is near the end of its rearward stroke, the second catch of the lever f being forced into the recess 38 in the sleeve by a spring, the ejector 34 will project through the notch 35 and will give the rim of the cartridge-case a smart blow, which will kick it out of the breech.

The sleeve 1 is formed with a segmental piece or rim having shoulders 36, which will slide along the top of the bars 0 in opening the breech, and thus the lever will be maintained in the proper position and prevented from falling over until it is pushed forward to the proper closing position and the breech is closed.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In abreech-loading magazine small-arm, a frame having feathered side bars or guides, a breech -'piece sliding on the feathers, a sleeve-head fixed to the sliding breech-piece, a rotatable sleeve placed between the fixed head and the breech-piece and a lever for opcrating the sleeve, a spring extractor attached to the sliding breech-piece and adapted to secure the sleeve in the breech-piece and yet be independent of its rotation, a swinging stop-lever to limit the backward travel of the breech-piece when in use, an ejector on the stop-lever, a firing-pin carrying the mainspring contained in the breechpiece and provided with a lateral projection, a sear at one side of the action adapted to cooperate with the lateral projection on the firing-pin, a trigger placed immediately below the breech end of the barrel and means on the trigger adapted to cooperate with the sear, all combined, arranged and operating as herein shown and described.

2. In a breech-loading magazine smallarm, the combination of a frame having feathered side bars, a breech piece sliding on the feathers, a sleeve-head fixed to the sliding breech-piece and a locking-sleeve rotatable between the sleeve head and the sliding breech-piece and provided with a lever-handle as herein described.

3. In a breech-loading magazine small-arm, the combination of a frame having feathered side bars, a breechpiece sliding on the feathers having a rotatable sleeve connected therewith, a non-rotatable sleeve-head and downwardly-projecting lugs for pushing forward cartridges into the breech, and a springplate attached at one end to said lugs and at the other end to the sliding breech-piece and bridging the space between the breech-piece and the sleeve-head and presenting a plain surface to slide over the cartridges in the magazine when opening and closing the breech, substantially as described.

4. In a breech-loading magazine small-arm, the combination of a sliding breech-piece, a locking-sleeve rotatable in the sliding breechpiece, a fixed sleeve-head in front of the sliding breechpiece, an extractor lying along the top of the sliding breech-piece and means connected with the extractor for securing the same to the sliding breech-piece and the rotatable sleeve in the same, as set forth.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

PHILIP THOMAS GODSAL.

Witnesses:

ALFRED S. BIsHOP. A. GAsTE.

US808282A 1903-06-19 1903-06-19 Breech-loading small-arm. Expired - Lifetime US808282A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2875544A (en) * 1955-01-03 1959-03-03 Robert R Krieger Firearm cartridge magazine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2875544A (en) * 1955-01-03 1959-03-03 Robert R Krieger Firearm cartridge magazine

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