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US802117A - Magazine-firearm. - Google Patents

Magazine-firearm. Download PDF


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US802117A US8474201A US1901084742A US802117A US 802117 A US802117 A US 802117A US 8474201 A US8474201 A US 8474201A US 1901084742 A US1901084742 A US 1901084742A US 802117 A US802117 A US 802117A
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Charles Henry Augustus Frederick Lockhart Ross
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Charles Henry Augustus Frederick Lockhart Ross
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    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/34Magazine safeties
    • F41A17/38Magazine mountings, e.g. for locking the magazine in the gun


No. 802,117. -PATENTED OCT. 17, 1905.

C. H. A. F. L. ROSS.



UNianD sfrafrns ra'rnna entren.



Specification of Letters Patent Patented Oct. 17, 1905.

Application flied December 5, 1901. Serial No. 841742' To LZZ whom Lz, frz/ty concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES HENRY AU- GUsTUs FREDERICK LooKHART Ross, baronet, a citizen of Great Britain, and a resident of Balnagowan Castle, county of Ross, Scotland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Magazine-Firearms. of which the following is a specification.

This invention is an improved cartridge lifting or feeding device for magazine-firearms, the object being to provide a simple and effective device for supporting' and elevating cartridges in the most advantageous manner for transferring' them one by one from the magazine to the Bring-chamber of the firearm.

Figure 1 of the drawings is a side view in sect-ion, taken through the longitudinal center of the relevant features of a firearm and its magazine, showing the carrier in its lowest position supporting a series of cartridges. Fig. 2 is a rear view in cross-section, taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a rear view in section, taken substantially along the line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 1 is a fragmentary view of the right-hand side of the iirearm, showing the projecting handpieee and an index arrang'ement in connection therewith. Fig. 5 is a side view of a fragmentary portion of a gun, showing a finger or thumb lever for operating the cartridge-carrier. Fig. 6 is an end view in cross-section, taken on the line 6 6 of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a fragmentary side view showing the connection between the thumb-lever and the arm of the carrier.

The cartridge-carrier 5 is here shown to be adapted for supporting a double file of carridges c in zigzag relation, as is best shown in Fig 8, the uppermost cartridge projecting into the path of movement of the bolt 6 when the latter is drawn back, so that the bolt will carry that cartridge forward to the firingchamber of the gun. The carrier is extended forward and is pivotally supported in any convenient way at 7, which is approximately at the point or plane of convergence of the forwardlyprojected center lines 9 of the cartridges c as they rest one upon the other in packet form in the magazine. The pivot-pin 7 may be supported at its ends in the stock of the gun or it may be supported in a small bracket or block dovetailed or otherwise secured to the Linder side of the barrel.

A spring 8, of any approved construction, is preferably employed for elevating the cartridge-carrier with a yielding pressure, and that spring may be applied at any convenient portion of the length of the elevator, according to the type of gun or the pressure and amplitude of movement required.

As a means for enabling my improved carrier to be operated or controlled by the operator at all times,l preferably provide the handpiece 10, (shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 4,) which is either attached to or integral with the carrier and which extends therefrom at a point conveniently within the reach of the operator and preferably upon the right-hand side of the gun at that portion thereof which would most naturally be held or supported by the left hand of the operator during the firing and charging operations, so that the operator may during either of these operations manipulate the carrier positively in both directions if necessary with one or more of the otherwise unoccupied fingers of his left hand. The projecting portion of the handpiece is preferably made with a downwardly-turned lip 11, which iits against the outer side of the stock, and may be made long enough to cover the slot through which the handpiece projects at all positions thereof.

Some convenient projecting visible portion of the carrier may be-utilized as a cartridgeindex for indicating the number of cartridges contained in the magazine at any time. This may be accomplished, as shown in Fig. 4, by a graduated plate 13 at the side in connection with the lower edge 14 of the lip 11, or the graduations may be placed on the handpiece itself and the index-mark be on a stationary plate or on the stock. By practice also the operator may become sufliciently expert to determine the number of cartridges in the magazine by the sense of touch alone, according to the position occupied by the handpiece.

In some cases or by some military authorities it may be considered desirable to operate the carrier by means of a thumb-lever, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6. This thumb-lever is preferably an integral piece, comprising' the thumb-lever 18, the shaft 19, and the toe 20, mounted in the bracket 21, secured to the under side of the stock 22 of the gun. The toe 2O is located in engaging' relation to a depending arm 23 of the elevating carrier 24. The thumb-lever stands in a convenient position to be reached by the thumb or a nger of the operators left hand and may be placed upon either side of the g'un. This toe Works the IOO carrier against the pressure of its spring, which may be employed as shown in Fig. l.

In charging the magazines which employ my improved carrier the cartridges may be inserted either from a clip or directly by the hand of the operator, the pressure imparted through the cartridges carrying the carrier to its lowermost position, or the operator may by means of the handpiece l0 of Fig. 2 or by means ofthe thumb-lever 18 in Figs. 5 and 6 depress the carrier to its lowest position with one hand, while charging the maga- Zine with the other hand. It is preferable thus to depress the carrier in most cases, since the cartridges will then readily fall to their proper position. It' at any time either during the charging or firing operations the cartridges should become displaced or jammed in the magazine either from accident or inadvertence from the presence oi' dirt or from the use of defective ammunition, the jam may be instantly released by pressing the carrier downwardly away from the lowermost cartridge, thereby permitting it and the cartridges above it to drop down, and thus freeing them from their jammed relation fithout opening the gun or seriously interrupting the operation thereof or even changing the normal positions or movements of the operator, inasmuch as his left-hand most natu rally'supports the firearm, with the ends of his ngers in the immediate vicinity of the handpiece or 'the thumb-lever.

On account of the simplicity in form and function of this carrier (shown in Figs. l to 4, inclusive) it may be made in a single integral structure, and if for constructive reasons it may be found preferable to make it in two or three pieces these should be riveted or otherwise securely fastened together, so that the carrier is in form, operation, and effectasingle integral piece. Although some form of spring is preferably employed for elevating the carrier, the operation of the latter is not dependent upon the spring. If the spring should be broken. the carrier may still be operated in both directions by the operators hand Without interrupting the operation of the firearm and without seriously impairing its eiHciency.

The shape of the carrier and the manner of operating it may be modified in various ways to suit different types of firearms or to suit particular environments or conditions without departing from the essence of the invention.

The carrier being entirely inclosed Within the walls or recess of the firearm is thereby protected against the entrance of dirt and is also protected from injury due to blows from the outside ordue to the dropping oi' the firearm, the only entrance for dirt being through the top of thereceiver, and then only when the boltis drawn back., thereby reducing' to a minimum the opportunities for the entrance of dirt or other Vforeign substances.

I claim as my inventionl. The combination with a firearms-maga- Zine, of a cartridge-carrier mounted for oscillation and entirely inclosed within thetirearms structure, and having a handpiece eX- tending through a slotted opening in the side of the firearms structure at a substantial distance from the pivot.

2. The combination with a firearms-magazine, of a cartridge-carrier mounted for oscillation and entirely inclosed Within the firearm structure and having a handpiece eX- tending through a slotted opening in the side of the iirearm structure at a substantial distance from the pivot, and means appui-tenant to the handpiece for closing the slotted opening at all positions ot' the handpiece.

3. The combination with a firearms-magazine, of a cartridge-carrier mounted for os cillation and entirely inclosed within the firearm structure, and a handpiece appurtenant to the carrier, extending through a slotted opening in the side of the firearms structure, at a substantial distance from the pivot of the carrier, the handpiece being provided Witha lip extending in the direction of the eXtension of the slotted opening to cover that opening at all oi' the positions of the handpiece.




US8474201A 1901-12-05 1901-12-05 Magazine-firearm. Expired - Lifetime US802117A (en)

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US8474201A US802117A (en) 1901-12-05 1901-12-05 Magazine-firearm.

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US8474201A US802117A (en) 1901-12-05 1901-12-05 Magazine-firearm.

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