US793598A - Fountain-pen. - Google Patents

Fountain-pen. Download PDF

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Publication number
US793598A
US793598A US21308304A US1904213083A US793598A US 793598 A US793598 A US 793598A US 21308304 A US21308304 A US 21308304A US 1904213083 A US1904213083 A US 1904213083A US 793598 A US793598 A US 793598A
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United States
Prior art keywords
apertures
font
pen
fountain
barrel
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Expired - Lifetime
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US21308304A
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James G Marshall
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GILBERT A CLARK
WILLIAM A ZEIDLER
Original Assignee
GILBERT A CLARK
WILLIAM A ZEIDLER
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Application filed by GILBERT A CLARK, WILLIAM A ZEIDLER filed Critical GILBERT A CLARK
Priority to US21308304A priority Critical patent/US793598A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B43WRITING OR DRAWING IMPLEMENTS; BUREAU ACCESSORIES
    • B43KIMPLEMENTS FOR WRITING OR DRAWING
    • B43K5/00Pens with ink reservoirs in holders, e.g. fountain-pens
    • B43K5/02Ink reservoirs
    • B43K5/12Ink reservoirs with ink-level inspection means

Description

No. 793,598. 1 PATENTED JUNE 27, 1905'.
' J. G. MARSHALL.
FOUNTAIN PEN.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 18. 1904.
" ATTORNEY UNITED STATES I JAMES G. MARSHALL, OF BROOKLYN, NEW Y Patented June 2'7, 190 5.
PATENT OFFICE.
TO GILBERT A. CLARKAND WILLIAM A. ZEIDLER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
FOUNTAIN-PEN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 793,598, dated June 27,
Application filed June 18, 1904. Serial No. 213,083.
To all wit/07% it T/tcty concern:
Be it known that I, J AMES G. MARSHALL, a citizen of Turkey, and a resident of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and usefulImprove- 'ments in Fountain-Pens, of which the'following is a specification.
The invention relates to improvements in fountain-pens; and it consists in a novel construction of the barrel or font portion of the pen, enabling the holder of the pen to conveniently ascertain what quantity of ink is within the font. I
In carrying out my invention I provide the opposite sides of the barrel or font of the pen with small alined transverse apertures and close these apertures with a transparent substance, such preferably as transparent celluloid or equivalent material, so that no leakage may occur at said apertures and that when the level of the ink is below said apertures the light may be seen through said transparent material, and thus indicate the quantity of ink remaining within the font.
It has been attempted heretofore to provide fountain-pens with means enabling the user of the pen to determine the quantity of ink remaining within the font; but such attempts have not been successful from a practical standpoint, for several reasons, among which it may be mentioned that in such attempts the barrel of the pen had to be specially constructed to receive said means; that leakage occurred at the joints in the barrel; that the barrel lacked the smooth finish required for the comfortable use of the pen; that the barrel was unduly weakened, and that the expense of manufacture was unduly increased.
In accordance with my invention I preserve to the maximum degree the usual appearance and construction of the barrel of the pen and in no manner weaken or impair said barrel and in addition only slightly, if at all, increase the cost of manufacture and produce a structure the parts of which have substantially a coefficient of expansion and contraction, whereby the creation of fissures or leak-spots in the font is impossible.
The invention will be fully understood from the detailed description hereinafter presented, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a side elevation, partly in central vertical section, of a fountain-pen constructed in accordance with and embodying the invention. Fig. 2 is a detached perspective view of a transparent celluloid band employed to seal the sight-apertures in the font portion of the pen. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the pen on the dotted line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4% is a like section showing a modification of the invention, and Fig. 5 is a vertical section of same on the dotted line 5 5 of Fig. 4.
In the drawings, 10 designates the barrel or font of a fountain-pen, all the parts of which are of well-known and usual construction with the exception of the special features constituting my invention and which are applied to said barrel.
In the opposite. sides of the barrel or font 10 I form the small transverse alined apertures 11, which are substantially of conical form at their outer portions and have short parallel walls at their inner portions,as shown, and I may say here that this construction of aperture is important in that the conical portion thereof directs the eye to the small sightopening and that the material of the barrel is not, around the inner end of the apertures, reduced to a knife-edge.
The alined apertures 11 are in the construction shown in Figs. 1 and 3 closed by thin transparent bands 12 of plastic or non-fragile material, preferably celluloid or equivalent pyroxylin compound, which bands are introduced into the barrel 10 and firmly cemented in position. The bands 12 are thin and flexible, and being thin they do not materially reduce the capacity of the font, and being flexible they may initially yield to pressure applied through the apertures 11 and admit of the introduction of cement through said apertures and to the outer surface of said bands around said apertures, after which and while such cement is in the process of drying the tendency of said bands to return to their original shape causes them to exert a pressure ORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF against the cement and insure the formation of an absolutely tight joint around said apertures, rendering leakage at said apertures impossible. The cement I employ for securing the bands 12 in position is transparent and commonly called celluloid cement, being of pyroxylin character.
In the present instance I illustrate a font possessing several pairs of the alined apertures 11 for greater convenience in determining the quantity of ink remaining within said font; but my invention is not limited to the employment of any special number of the said apertures, since it is sufficient that one pair of said apertures be provided near one end-of the font, this end preferably being the upper end of the pen, so that a person may upon removing the pen from his pocket and without removing the cap from pen proper (the pen as a whole then being upside down) ascertain approximately the quantity of ink remaining within the font. I prefer to apply one pair of the apertures reasonably near to the upper end of the font and another pair of said apertures about one-third down from the upper end of the font, because of the convenience such apertures afiord in ascertaining the quantity ofink remaining within the font.
I illustrate in Fig. 1 the preferred embodiment of my invention, and in Figs. {I and 5 I show a modified construction presenting many of the advantages of that represented in Fig. 1. In the modification shown in Figs. 4 and 5 I provide the apertures 11, but omit the sealing-bands 12, and in lieu thereof fill the apertures 11 with transparent celluloid or equivalent plastic material 14:, this materiall l: ex-
" tending slightly through said apertures and against the inner walls of the font immediately surrounding said apertures and adhering to said walls and the walls of said apertures and becoming, in effect, integral with the material of the font, whereby the said apertures become securely sealed by means which are transparent and have substantially a coefiicient of expansion and contraction with the material of the barrel or font 10, which is usually formed of plastic material, such as rubber or celluloid or the like. I prefer to employ the bands 12 on the inner side of the barrel 10 because they efficiently seal the apertures 11 and may be made so thin that the light may be readily observed through the same. In both forms of my invention the apertures are intermediate the ends of the barrel or font and in no manner weaken or vary the usual construction of said ends. I have hereinbefore named the preferred transparent material for sealing the apertures 11, and I employment of celluloid for sealing said apertures.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a fountain-pen, the font having oppositely-disposed transverse apertures in its sides, and transparent pyroxylin material closing said apertures and united with said font; substantially as set forth,
2. In a fountain-pen, the font having the oppositely-disposed transverse apertures in its sides, said apertures being of conical form at their outer portion, and transparent material closing said apertures; substantially as set forth.
3. In a fountain-pen, the'font having oppositely-disposed transverse apertures in its sides, and a band of transparent material secured-at the inner side of said font and over the inner ends of said apertures; substantially as set forth.
4. In a fountain-pen, the font having-oppositely-disposed transverse apertures in its sides, and a band of transparent celluloid or equivalent material securedat the inner side of said font and over the inner ends of said apertures; substantially as set forth.
5. In a fountain-pen, the font having oppositely-disposed transverse apertures in its sides, said apertures being of conical form at their outer portion and'attheir inner portion having parallel walls, and the band of trans parentcelluloidor equivalent material secured within said font and over the inner ends of said apertures; substantially as set forth.
6. In a' fountain-pen, the font having intermediate its end portions the oppositely-disposed small transverse apertures, and transparent pyroxylin material closing said apertures and united with said font along the edges of said apertures; substantially as set forth.
7. In a fountain-pen, the font having in termediate its end portions a series of pairs of oppositely -disposed small transverse apertures, and transparent pyroxylin material closing said apertures and united with said font along the edges of saidapertures; substantially as set forth.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 13th day of June, A. D. 1904.
JAMES G. MARSHALL,
Witnesses:
WILLIAM A. ZEIDLER, FREDERICK A. BLACK.
IIO
US21308304A 1904-06-18 1904-06-18 Fountain-pen. Expired - Lifetime US793598A (en)

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US21308304A US793598A (en) 1904-06-18 1904-06-18 Fountain-pen.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE31021E (en) * 1979-04-03 1982-08-31 Eyelet Specialty Co., Inc. Cosmetic applicator with transparent container portion

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE31021E (en) * 1979-04-03 1982-08-31 Eyelet Specialty Co., Inc. Cosmetic applicator with transparent container portion

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