US792884A - Lock-nut. - Google Patents

Lock-nut. Download PDF

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Publication number
US792884A
US792884A US23003804A US1904230038A US792884A US 792884 A US792884 A US 792884A US 23003804 A US23003804 A US 23003804A US 1904230038 A US1904230038 A US 1904230038A US 792884 A US792884 A US 792884A
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United States
Prior art keywords
nut
kerf
shank
lock
grain
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US23003804A
Inventor
Albert L Eicher
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Albert L Eicher
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Publication date
Application filed by Albert L Eicher filed Critical Albert L Eicher
Priority to US23003804A priority Critical patent/US792884A/en
Priority claimed from US263074A external-priority patent/US886318A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US792884A publication Critical patent/US792884A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B39/00Locking of screws, bolts or nuts
    • F16B39/22Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place during screwing down or tightening
    • F16B39/28Locking of screws, bolts or nuts in which the locking takes place during screwing down or tightening by special members on, or shape of, the nut or bolt
    • F16B39/284Locking by means of elastic deformation
    • F16B39/286Locking by means of elastic deformation caused by saw cuts

Description

' PATENTBD JUNE 20, 1905.

A; L. EIGHER.

LOCK NUT.

.PLBPLIGLTIGH FILED 0m. 26, 190-1.

I NV ENTOR WITNESSES ATTORNEY UNITED STATES Patented June 20, 1905.

PATENT OFFICE.

LOCK-NUT.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 792,884, dated June 20,1905. Application filed October'ZB, 1904. Serial No. 230,038-

To (all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALBERT L. EICHER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Alliance, inthe county of Stark and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Lock-Nut, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to a nut which will automatically lock or bind itself on the threaded shank of a bolt when applied thereon; and the object of the improvement is to make the nut complete within itself and so that it will operate Without any collateral attachment or appliance, excepting only the ordinary wrench used to turn it onto the bolt-shank. This object is attained by the construction and method of making illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a bar of metal, showing two nut-blanks cut OR the end; Fig. 2, a perspective view of the nut with the thread cut therein and a kerf cut across the outer face; Fig. 3, a similar view showing the outer partsof the nut compressedto partly close the kerf; Fig. 4, an enlarged section of the finished nut, showing the constricted aperture and deflected threads in the face side; and Fig. 5, a side elevation of the nut applied on theshank of a bolt.

Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughoutthe drawings.

. The nut is made out of the blanks 1, preferably cut from a rolled bar 2 of s'uitable metal, so. that there will be a grain in the metal running through the nut in one direction and the transverse direction will be across the grain- When the blank is out and for facility in manufacture preferably by the same operation, the axial aperture 3 is punched in the blank and the same is bent or curved in the direction of its depth to be convex on its outer face 4 and concave on its inner face 5, the convexity and concavity being longitudinal with reference to the grain of. the metal.

The usual thread 6 is then cut in the axial aperture, and the kerf 7 is cut in the outer face of the nut and preferably diametrically across thegrain thereof. The kerf is shown as being cut squarely across the grain, which is generally the best location for it,but,if desired, it can bc made somewhat diag0nal,-as indicated by broken lines in Fig. 2. After the kerf is cut the adjacent outer parts of the nut are. compressed endwisethat is, in the direction of the grainso as to approximately close the kerf, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4. This compression inclines or curves the ends of the nut inward'to-' ward its outer face, and the closing of the kerf is accomplished principally by a longitudinal rearrangement of the molecules of the metal in the outer part of the nut; but there may also be a partial but preferably not an entire straighteningofthecurved blank. Thebending inward of the outer part of the nuton each side of the kerf acts to deflect slightly downward the threads 6 in the outer part of the aperture, as shown in Fig. 4. When the nut is turned onto the threaded shank 8 of a bolt,

the operation is ordinary until the outer eon.-

s'tricted part of the axial aperture reaches the end 9 of the shank, whereupon the shank is gripped by the bent-in part of the nut on each side of the kerf. As the nut is turned against the object 10 the inner end edges 11 first come in contact, and the further turning tends to straighten the remaining endwise curvature of the nut, with the effect that the bolt-shank is more tightly gripped by the parts of the nut on each side of the kerf. The inward deflection of the outer parts of the threads of the nut acts to further bind the same against the threads of the bolt-shank, and the sharp edges 12 of the nut-threads where the same are cut by the kerf tend to gouge or bite into the threads of the bolt-shank, which further binds the not on the shank. By the cooperation of these several features of construction, which all-tend to tighten and grip the nut on the shank with a power increasing in intensity as the nut is turned against the object, the nut is securely locked on'v the bolt -shank, from which it can only. be removedby the use of a power considerably greater than that by which it is applied, and it is found empirically that when the nut is applied to the shank and the binding parts have set in their locking relation the power required to remove the nut 18 much greater than when the nut is first applied.

It is evident that the endwise curvature of the nut is not essential to the binding effect but this curvature'is desirable, because it assists and augments the locking action of the nut.

The processof making thelock-nut herein" illustrated. and described will be made the subject of another application for Letters Patent. What I claim herein as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A lock-nutmade of metal having a grain and being bent to concavely curve its inner face in the direction thereof, there being a kerf in the outerface across the grain with the adjacent parts compressed along the grain to approximately close the kerf. 1

2. A lock-nut made of metal having a grain, there being a kerf in'the face across the grain with the adjacent parts compressed along the grain to approximately close the kerf.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name to'thi's specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses. I Y

' ALBERT L. EICHER.

Witnesses:

HARRY FREAsE; MINNIE F. ANTHONY.

US23003804A 1904-10-26 1904-10-26 Lock-nut. Expired - Lifetime US792884A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23003804A US792884A (en) 1904-10-26 1904-10-26 Lock-nut.

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23003804A US792884A (en) 1904-10-26 1904-10-26 Lock-nut.
US263074A US886318A (en) 1904-10-26 1905-05-31 Process of making lock-nuts.

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US792884A true US792884A (en) 1905-06-20

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US23003804A Expired - Lifetime US792884A (en) 1904-10-26 1904-10-26 Lock-nut.

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2780434A (en) * 1952-03-31 1957-02-05 Crane Co Renewable bushing for a valve actuator
US2862537A (en) * 1954-04-12 1958-12-02 Illinois Tool Works Slip on nut with bendable attaching head
US2897867A (en) * 1957-05-06 1959-08-04 Torre Joseph La Lock nut having pivoting concave bearing end and inwardly deformed tip to effectuate uniformly stressed threads
US2909205A (en) * 1955-12-29 1959-10-20 Kenneth L Johnson Weld-lock nut
WO1980000479A1 (en) * 1978-08-14 1980-03-20 Goodyear Aerospace Corp Brake adjuster having multi-sided internal broach

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2780434A (en) * 1952-03-31 1957-02-05 Crane Co Renewable bushing for a valve actuator
US2862537A (en) * 1954-04-12 1958-12-02 Illinois Tool Works Slip on nut with bendable attaching head
US2909205A (en) * 1955-12-29 1959-10-20 Kenneth L Johnson Weld-lock nut
US2897867A (en) * 1957-05-06 1959-08-04 Torre Joseph La Lock nut having pivoting concave bearing end and inwardly deformed tip to effectuate uniformly stressed threads
WO1980000479A1 (en) * 1978-08-14 1980-03-20 Goodyear Aerospace Corp Brake adjuster having multi-sided internal broach
US4214650A (en) * 1978-08-14 1980-07-29 Goodyear Aerospace Corporation Brake adjuster having multi-sided internal broach

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