US786897A - Voting-machine. - Google PatentsVoting-machine. Download PDF
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- US786897A US786897A US6086701A US1901060867A US786897A US 786897 A US786897 A US 786897A US 6086701 A US6086701 A US 6086701A US 1901060867 A US1901060867 A US 1901060867A US 786897 A US786897 A US 786897A
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- G07C—TIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
- G07C13/00—Voting apparatus
No. 786,897. PATENTED APR. ll, 1905. HAYNES.
APPLVAHQN FILED In 18, 1901.
7 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
v PATENTED APR. ll, QO. J. I, HAYNES.
APPLIGATXON EILED MAY 1a. 1901.
7 SHEETS-SHEET Z.
dvi LQ MNHN PATENTED APR. 1l, 1905.
J. I. HAYNES.
Y APPLICATION FILED MAY 1n. 1901.
7 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
f ff. w M u z W@ v z Y if w. mm1 /Q swg.
mmmmmmmmm PATENTED APR. ll, 190Kl L HAYNES.
VUTING MAGEINR ,APPLCATION FILED MAY 18, 1901.
7 SHEETS-SHEET IL.
PATENTED APR. ll, 1905.
J. I. HAYNES.
VOTING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED MAY 18,'1901.
No. 786,897. PTENTED APR.11, 1905. J. I. HAYNES.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 11a, 1901.
7 sHBETs-sHBBT s,
o OGOGOOO OO @O O O OOO @0000000 @OOO @.0000 @GOO OO O O COOOOOOO No. 786,897. PATBNTBD APR. 11, 1905. J. 1. HAYNES.
APPLIUATION FILED MAY 18, 1901. I 7 SHEETS-SHEET 7.
UNITED STATES meente@ April 1 1, 1905.
l SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 786,897, dated .April 11, 1905.
Application filed May 18, 1901. Serial No. 60.867.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN I. HAYNEs, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Voting-Machines, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being' had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specilication, in which- Figure l is a top plan view of my improved voting-machine, thev cover being removed. Fig. 2 is a top plan view of one section of the machine enlarged, showing the interior mechanism thereof. Fig. 3 is a vertical crossseotional view through one of the sections of the machine. Fig. 4C is a similar view cnlarged, the plane of section being taken near the left-hand end of the machine. Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 5, Fig. LI. Fig. 6 is a top plan view ofpart of the mechanism shown in Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a vertical longitudinal sectional view on line 7 7, Fig. l. Fig. 8 is a horizontal sectional view on line 8 8, Fig. 7. Figs. 9 to 14 are detail elevational views showing the positions of the bars controlled by the keys. Fig. l5 is a detail view of the ballot-sheet. Figs. 16 and 17 are detail views of an improved form of lock used in connection with the operating-cover of my voting-machine. Fig. 18 is a detail view of a slug designed to be used in connection with said lock. Fig. 19 is a detail view showing the manner of restoring the actuated bars of the machine without interference, and Fig. 20 is a similar view showing the parts in normal position.
This invention relates to a new and useful improvement fin voting-machines, the object being to construct a simple, cheap, and easilyoperated machine of the character described and one which contains within itself means to prevent the fraudulent manipulation thereof and means for preventing duplicate voting for dii'erent persons running for the same office.
Iith these objects in view the invention consists in the construction, arrangement, and
combination of the several parts, all as will hereinafter be described and afterward pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings, l indicates a suitablehousing, preferably made of cast metal, said housing being in the shape of a box having an overhanging top wall 2, to which is hinged a cover 3 for closing the opening in the top of the box. As this cover is relied upon to operate certain mechanism in its opening and closing movements, it is preferably made of double thickness, so as to give it weight and at the same time a substantial appearance.
The mechanisms employed for enabling votes to be cast for different candidates, said mechanisms locking when operated all similar mechanisms in the machine to prevent duplicate voting' for different persons for the same oliice, and the mechanism for enabling any one ticket to be voted straight are preferably so constructed that they are arranged as seperable units, whereby when tickets are to be voted for the proper number of units or mechanisms may be assembled in one box, and the voter will then have his choice of all of the tickets in the lield. In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated a voting-machine having a capacity for four tickets; but it is obvious that the box may be enlarged for the addition of units as tickets are to be added and voted for, and, as will hereinafter appear, one or more of the four units shown may be removed from the box, so that but two or three tickets will be presented to the voter. In this manner it is only necessary for election commissioners or those in charge of elections to employ in any one machine the same number of units as there are tickets in the lield. rIhus it will be seen that a machine capable of being so expanded or contracted to meet the actual demands will be economical and at the same time avoid -confusing' voters.
I will state that in order to preserve the assemblage of the different mechanisms as contained in the several units I prefer to employ subsidiary housings or boxes a, designed to lit in the main housing l. Thcsevboxes each carry supports for the several shafts and bars constituting' a unit, and means are provided at the ends of the individual shafts or bars for interlocking the same with their companions in the next adjacent section. I will add that as seldom less than two tickets are in the field to be voted for the lirst two sections at the right-hand side of the machine may be permanentfixturcs in the box 1, while the other sectionsattheright maybe removable. However, this is unimportant. I consider it necessary to state, though, that the section at the extreme left contains mechanism which, being' designed to cooperate with the cover for controlling the remaining sections, is made slightly wider than said remaining sections. I will now describe one of these removable sections, the followingl description applying to practicallyT all ofthe individual sections in the machine.
The side walls 5 of the subsidiary boxes 4 provide supports or guideways for laterallyextending' plates or bars, while brackets 6, secured to the back wall of box 1, and a plate 7, depending from the forward edge of the subsidiary boxes, alford supports and guideways for what might be termed the adding and punch bars, which move baclnvardly and forwardly in the operations of the machine.
8 indicates the top plate of the box. which is provided with suitable sight-opening's arranged overseveral adding-wheels. This plate is also provided with depending' fianges which engage and are supported by the side walls of the subsidiary boxes. (See Fig'. 7.)
9 indicates aslide mounted in suitable guideways on top of the plate 8, said slide beingl provided with openings designed in one position of the slide to register with the sightopenings in the plate 8 and in another position in the slide to close the openings in the plate 8. This slide-plateQalso provides spaces for the names of the several candidates to be voted for. (See Fig. 1.)
Arranged in the plate 8, preferably to one side of the slide-plate 9, are a series of keys 10, said keys being opposite the several names of the candidates to be voted for. These keys are guided in their vertical movements by the plate 8 aforesaid and by an angle 11, secured to the side wall 5 of the subsidiary boX. A light coiled spring is arranged under the head of each key for the purpose of holding the same in an elevated position, but permitting said keys to be depressed. The key-shanks of these keys carry cam-faces 12 and 13, the former of which cooperates with a laterallymovable bar for releasing the adding and punch bars, which move forwardly and backwardly, while the latter cam-face cooperates with a laterally-movable locking-bar employed to lock all keys and their associate mechanism common to other candidates on other tickets for the same oflice. Referring now to Figs. 9 to 14, wherein are illustrated three keys and their associate mechanism, said keys being arranged opposite the names of candidates for different offices, Figs. i) and l() show all of the keys in their normal positions. In Fig'. 11 one of the keys has been depressed, so that the cam-face 12 has engaged a pin 141 and moved what may be designated as the sectional release-bar 15 longitudinally toward the left. This bar 15 is provided with a notch 16, which in the normal position ol said bar was out of registration to the right of a yielding projection 17, carried by the adding or punch bar 18, which latter is controlled by the bar 15 in question. Each key is common to one of the sectional release-bars 1.5, and each of these sectional release-bars coperates with one of the bars 18.
Referring to Figs. 3 and 8, it will be observed that the bar 18 is pressed rearwardly by a spring 1), and when the notch 1G registers with the yielding'l projection 17 the bar 18 is permitted to move rearwardly until the projection 17 comes in contact with and is arrested by a stop-plate 20, carried by the bar 15. N/Vhen the Vparts are in this position, the bar 18 under consideration has moved .rearwardly, so that the yielding' pawl 2l, carried thereby, is in a position ready to actuar-e the ratchet-wheel 22 of the adding mechanism. This adding mechanism is arranged on a shaft 23, which shaft extends across all of the bars 18 of the unit, the ratchet-wheel to be operated by the spring-pressed pawl of any of these bars 18 being preferably located over the particular bar common to it, as shown in Fig. 2. The units. tens, and hundreds (and thousands and tens of thousands, if necessary) wheels ol the adding' mechanism are preferably grouped or nested together at one end of the shafts 2?), suitable transferring devices being employed in connection therewith for operating' the tenswheel whenever the units-wheel has made a complete revolution, &e. It is deemed nnnecessary to describe in detail any particular form of transferring device as above described, as the same are well known and understood in the art.
24 indicates a detaining-pawl arrang'ed on the under side of the plate 8 and cooperating with the ratchets 22, there beingl one ol" such detainingpawls for each ratchet. The purpose of these detaini11g'-11awls is to prevent backward rotation of the ratchets by unauthorized persons.
I have stated before that the initial movement in pressing the key 10 under consideration moved the bar 15 laterally and permitted the yielding' projection on the bar 18 to pass through the notch 16 and against the stopplate 20. rThis position of the parts is illustratcd in Figs. l1 and 12, and in this connection it will be noticed that the cam 12 has moved but a portion of its stroke. Continued pressure on the key 10 in a downward direction will, through the cam-face 1,2, move the bar 15 farther tothe left, so as to'carry thc IOO IIO
rteaser Vstop-plate 2O out of the path of the yielding projection 17, permitting' the bar 18 to continue its rearward movement under the impelling power of its spring 19. This iinal movement of the bar 18 causes the ratchetwheel, which is preferably provided with ten teeth, to move the distance of one tooth, and consequently the units-wheel of the adding mechanism is rotated one-tenth of a revolution, exhibiting through the sight-opening in the machine a number exceeding' by one that which was previously exhibited. Coincidently with the iinal depression of the key and the final movement of the bar 15 to the left the cam-face 13, which at the commencement ofsaid iinal movement was in engagement with the pin or projection 25 on a locking-bar 26, moves said locking-bar to the left. This locking-bar is providedwith a series of notches 27, which in the normal position of said bar register with lixed projections 28, arranged on the adding' or punching' bar 18. The initial depression of the key in actuating' therelease-bar 15, so as to free the bar 18 and permit its rearward movement, resulted in the projection 28 on the bar 18 passing through the registering' notch 27 on the locking'- bar 26, as shown in Fig. 12, and the final movement of the key, when it moved the stop-plate 2O out of the path of the yielding projection and permitted the bar 18 to complete its final movement, also caused the bar 26 to be moved laterally, so as to carry the notch 27 therein out of registration with the projection 28. This, of course, will lock the bar 18 in its rearward position, which is of no practical importance, because said bar has accomplished its work in actuating the adding mechanism. However, bar 26 contains as many notches 27 as there are units in the machine, the notches in said bar cooperating with projections 28 on all bars controlled by the several keys which are to be actuated in voting for different candidates for the same office. Thus in voting a scratched ticket where a key is depressed to vote for a candidate for an oflice the locking-bar 26 is moved to the left, so that its notches 27 are out of registration with the projections 28 of all of the other bars 18 controlled by keys opposite the names of different candidates on different tickets for the same ofiice. If, when any of the bars 18 are locked against rearward movement, the projections 28 being' arranged directly in advance of the locking-bars 26, (there being sufficient clearance to permit free movement of the locking-ban) it will make no difference whether or not a voter attempts to press any other keys opposite the names of different candidates for the same oflice after one of such keys has been operated. The second key operated under the above conditions will simply result in idly vibrating the releasing-bar 15.
All of the releasing-bars controlled by the several keys are independently movable and are contained within their respective unitboxes, while the locking-bars are. preferably continuous and extend throughout the series of unit-boxes. Each of the releasing-bars 15 is provided with a spring 29 for returning a releasing-bar to its normal position when the key controlling said bar is permitted to rise. The locking-bars 27 have no springs and stay in the positions in which they are placed by the cam-faces 13, being the locked position, or by the restoring mechanism hereinafter to be described, being the free position.
The yielding projection 17 is held in its lowered position by a suitable spring or by gravity, such lowered position being' determined by a suitable stop. Thus when the release-bar 15 is restored by its spring and the yielding projection 17 is behind the plate 2O (see Fig. let) the restoration of the bars 18 will cause the yielding projections 17 to ride over the plate 20 on the bar 15, the said projection dropping in front of the bar 15, as shown in Fig. 10, for holding the bar 18 in its forward position.
In the above lf have described the manner of casting separate votes for candidates for the different ofices, and it will be obvious that all of the individual operable keys in a single unit can be operated, which will result in voting the straight ticket set forth in that unit, or keys in different units can be operated to vote for candidates for different oflices if the voter desires to vote a mixed ticket. 1V henever any candidate on any ticket for an oflice is voted for, no other candidate for the same office on any other ticket can be voted for.
l will now describe how it is possible to vote a straight ticket by the manipulation of a single key orto vote for camlidates on one ticket where candidates for certain ol'lices on other tickets have been voted for.
Referring to Figs. 1, 3, 7, and 8, it will be observed that knobs 30 are arranged exteriorly the box 1, there being one of such knobs preferably centrally located opposite the respective units in the box. These knobs are mounted upon the ends of rods 31, which for the sake of distinction can be termed "controlling' or master shafts. These master-shafts are preferably located beneath the release and locking bars, they finding suitable bearings in the front and back walls of the subsidiary boxes. All of the release-bars 15 are provided with pins or projections 32, preferably over the shaft 31, and all of the locking-bars 26 are provided with pins or projections 33, likewise preferably over the shaft 31. The shaft 3 1 is provided with lingers or arms 31, designed to cooperate with the projections on the r.elease bars, and lingers or arms 35, designed to cooperate with the projections on the lockingbars` ln the construction shown in the drawings the shaft 31 is designed to be rotated to ICO IIO
the left to vote a straight ticket or the unvoted portion of any ticket, and the initial movement of said shaft operates all of the releasebars in the unit to which said shaft is common. lhe lingers or projections 35 are circumferentially displaced on said shaft with respect to the lingers or projections 34, so that the fingers 35 will not engage and operate the locking-bars until after the initial movement of the release-bars has been effected. The final movement of the shaft 31 actuates all of the locking-bars and prevents any other ticket or a portion thereof from being voted until the locking-bars are restored. As each releasebar is provided with a spring, these springs serve to restore the shaft31 toits normal position after actuation. The mechanism for restoring the locking-bars is actuated by the cover of the machine and consists of a frame 36, pivotally mounted in brackets 37, secured to the top plate 8. This frame is preferably located at the left-hand side of the machine and serves to limit the movement of the locking-bars toward the left. 38 indicates an arm extending from one end of the frame, said arm carrying a bar 39 at its outer end, which bar extends up through suitable openings in the plates 8 and 9 and into the path of the lid or cover. An extension 40 on the frame 36 has aspring41 connected to it, whereby when the cover is raised the pivoted frame 36 is swung to the left out of contact with the locking-bars 26, permitting said bars to be actuated. /Vhen the cover is lowered, it contacts with the bar 39, depressing' the same and rocking the arm 36 to the right, so as to restore all of the locking-bars to their normal positions. To prevent operation of the frame 36 through any instrumentality save the cover, l provide a projection 42 on the bar 39, with which cooperates a shouldered plate 43, slidable backwardly and forwardly in appropriate guideways. This plate is operated by a link 44, connected at its rear end, for the sake of convenience, to a segment 45, said segment having a slotted extension 46 in engagement with a pin 47, secured to a plate 48, fixed to the cover. (See Fig. 4.) Assuming the cover to be down and the parts in the position shown in Figs. 4, 7, and 8, the lirst movement in raising the cover will permit the frame 36 to move to the left and the bar 39 to rise until its projection 42 occupies a plane above the shouldered locking-plate 43. The pin 47 while the above is transpiring idly moves through the slot in the arm 46. Vhen the pin reaches the bottom of the slot, the segment 45, which for the purpose of the plate 43 serves as a lever of the first order, will be moved rearwardly, causing the plate 43 to move rearwardly until its shoulder passes under the projection 42, locking the bar 39 in its elevated position. When the voter casts his vote, he cannot by depressing the bar 39 restore the locking-bars, which is necessary before another vote is cast. Thus it is absolutely necessary to close the lid or cover to release the bar 39, the lid or cover finally actuating the pivoted frame 36 to restore the locking-bars. When the cover is closed, if any of the knobs 30 were operated they would accomplish nothing, because the frame 36 would prevent the movement of the lockingbars, which movement of the locking-bars is practically coincident with the final release of the bars 18 by the stop-plates 20, and thus no vote can be registered or recorded. I prefer, however, to lock the shafts 31 against rotation when the cover is closed in order that ,the several parts of the machine may be in their normal position when the cover is raised and a vote is to be cast.
Referring to Fig. 7, a bar or plate 50 is pivotally connected to the end of the arm 40 which extends downwardly from the frame 36, this bar, extending practically throughout the several units in the machine,being notched, as at 51, near the several shafts 31. Immediately above the bar 50 each shaft'31 is provided with a projection 52, which when the cover is lowered and the bar 5() moved in a position to the right rests upon the upper edge of said bar, preventing the shafts 31 from being rotated to the left. W'hen the cover is raised and the frame 36 swung to the left, the bar 50 is also moved to the left, so that its recesses 51 register with the projections 52 and permit the shafts 31 being operated.
The bars 18, before described,are moved rearwardl y by springs,and the release-bars 1n ustof course be restored before another vote can be cast. To accomplish this, l arrange a swinging' frame 53 in the back of the machine, which frame at its lower end cooperates with shoulders formed on the upper edges of the rear ends of the bars 18. This frame 53 is preferably suspended from its pivot-rod and is free to swing' rearwardly with any of the bars 18 which may be actuated. To positively rock the frame 53 forwardly to restore the bars 18 when the locking-bars have been restored and their notches register with the projections 28, I provide a pin or projection 54 on the plate 48, which is fixed to the cover, which pin cooperates with a projection or arm 55, extending up from the frame As before stated, the release-bars 15 are restored by separate springs, the yielding projections 17 riding thereover when the bars 18 are restored. Of course the notches 27 in the locking-bars are made sufficienti y wide to admit of the restoration of the bars 18 during the iinal movement in restoring the bars 27. ln Figs. 19 and 20 1 have illustrated detail views in which the lugs 28 on the punching-bars 18 are beveled, as at 28", and one edge, 27", of the notch 27 in the locking-bar 26 is correspondingly beveled, so that there will be no interference in the movement of the punching and locking bars while IOO IIO
being restored to their home position.
Fig. 19 illustrates the lug 28 in the position it occupies after the punching-bar has been actuated, and Fig. 20 represents the lug in its normal position, but in this view the locking-bar 26 has been actuated and occupies an abnormal position; so as to prevent the actuation of the punching-bar 18, carrying the particular lug 28 shown.
An audible signal is operated whenever the cover is being raised or lowered to indicate that a vote is about to be cast or that a voter has cast his vote. The segment 5,before referred to, which is operated when the cover is raised and lowered, meshes with a pinion 5G, (see Fig. 4,) to which is conjoined a-plate carrying weights 57, said weights being thrown out of centrifugal force and striking a bell In addition to registering' the votes for each candidate in the adding mechanism before referred to I prefer also to record the votes as cast, so that in the event of a contest or for any other reason it is desired to ascertain how each voter voted the individual votes can be examined. Mounted in suitable brackets in the back portion of the machine are reels of paper 60, the spindles of which are connected by key-and-socket joints, so that the paper from all of the reels is paid out uniformly. As shownin the drawings, there is a reel of paper for each unit in the machine; but it is obvious that there may be but a single reel containing' one strip for all of the units. This paper from the reel passes upwardly through guides 61, secured to the brackets 6. between feed-rollers 62 and 63, one of which is idle and the other driven, and onto a spool 64, mounted in suitable brackets under the overhanging top wall 2. The spindles of the feed-rollers and spools are connected by keyand-socket joints, as shown in Fig. 5, for the purpose of enabling the removal or insertion of units. It is obvious that these feed-rollers, as Well as the spools, may be continuous throughout the machine, whereby the keyand-soeket joints between the several spindles thereof can be dispensed with. Vhere this is done, a strip of paper would also issue from a single reel and be of such width as to include as many units as there were tickets to be voted for. The receiving-spool is preferably in the form of a spring-roller, tending to wind up the slack of the strip or strips of paper; but, if preferred, this spring-roller can be dispensed with and the strip or strips received in a suitable receptacle. To drive the feed-rollers, I provide a ratchet-wheel 65 at one end of the driving feed-roller, with which ratchet wheel cooperates a springpressed p'awl 66, mounted on an arm G7, whose axis of rotation is preferably coincident with that of the driving-roller. This arm 67 is in the path of the plate 48, so that when the cover is lowered the arm 67 is forced rearwardly, enabling the pawl to ride over a tooth or teeth of the ratchet, as will be well understood. A spring GS is secured to an extension of the arm 6T 'for the purpose of forcing the driving-roller to make a partial rotation whenever permitted to do so by the manipulation of the cover and its carried plate 4S. Suitable brakes may be employed in connection with the paper-feed rollers to prevent the spring-roller-receiving spool from drawing up more than the slack in the paper as created by the paper-feed rollers. The bars 18 at their rear ends are formed with punches litting in suitable openings in the paper-guide, and when said hars arc moved backwardly by their springs they puncture the paper. In Fig. l5 l have shown a sheet of paper punctured as above described on my improved machine, in which it will be observed that under the dilferent headings corresponding to the tickets to be voted for as represented in the respective units there are perforations or openings in the sheet of paper corresponding tothe votes cast by the several voters. rlhe dotted lines u indicate the points of severance in the sheet in the event that separate reels of paper were used for the individual units.
In operating the machine we will assume that the cover is closed and the adding mechanisms exhibit 0 through the sight-openings and that the space marked l on the sheet of paper will be moved opposite the punches when the cover is raised. The iirst voter as he is given access to the machine has the number of his vote placed opposite his name. which number should correspond with the space in the strip of paper to bc punched. Voter No. l is marked No l and for the purpose of illustration, we will assume, raises the cover' of the machine to place the space marked l opposite the punch-bars and by turning the handle 30 of the Democratic ticket to the left votes the ticket straight. All the bars 18 in this unit are released and punch a row of punches in the column for all the candidates on the Democratic ticket. After his vote is cast no other ticket or candidate can be voted for and the cover has to be lowered, which will sound a signal indicating that the votor has cast his vote. Voter No. 2 when given access to the machine raises the cover and in so doingl places a space marked 2 opposite the punch-bars and, we will say, votes for the presidential electors on the Republican ticket by depressing the proper keys and for the State ticket, including the governor, &e., votes the straight Populist ticket. After voting 'for the Republican presidential electors the operator turns the knob BO in the Populist unit and lowers the lid. The condition of the adding mechanisms in the three tickets voted will indicate l in the unitswheels opposite the names of the persons voted for. Voter No. 3 when given access to the machine, we will say, after raising the lid votes for the presidential electors on the Dem- IIO ocratic ticket, for aRepublican governor, and a mixed Populist and Prohibition ticket for the rest of the candidates for the State oiiices. The above is simply illustrative of the manner in which straight or mixed tickets can be voted. After the voting or at any time during the holding of the votes the judges ot' the election can by pulling Vforward the slides 9 expose the sight-openings of the adding mechanisms and at a glance determine the number of votes cast for each candidate. lVhen the voting is completed, these numbers as indicated by the adding mechanism can be certilied to the proper authorities and the record of the individual votes transmitted with the certilicate. A suitable lock or locks may be employed in connection with the slide-plates 9, so that none but authorized persons will have access to information as to the number of votes cast.
In Figs. 16and 17 I have shown an improved form of lock designed particularly for use in connection with the cover of my voting-machine. This cover, as will be understood from the foregoing description, serves as a powerlever to drive or operate the several mechanisms in the machine, and while an audible signal is sounded upon the actuation of the cover it is desirable that additional precautions be taken against unauthorized operation of the machine. I therefore propose arranging a lock in connection with the cover, which lock is automatic in its action, for preventing the cover being elevated, said lock being' capable of manipulation to release the cover only upon the introduction of a key-slug. rIhese keyslugs are substantially of the type illustrated in Fig. 18 and marked 70 and are preferably numbered according tothe number placed opposite the name of the voter when the vote is to be cast and are originally in the possession of the judges or clerks of the election, one of such slugs being issued to each voter after he has qualified to vote and before he casts his vote. The voter upon receiving the slug introduces it into an opening' in the cover and then operates the lock to release the cover. Upon the introduction ofthe slug the lock can be manipulated, the cover raised, and the vote cast, after which the voter lowers the cover and the cover is again locked and cannot be raised nor another vote cast until another slug is introduced. These slugs, as shown in Fig. 18, are preferably grooved or provided with ribs, or both grooved and ribbed, to lit in the correspondingly-shaped opening' 71 in the cover, so that only the slug made for that spe.- eially-shaped opening can be used. 'Ihe shape of the slug and the contour of the opening designed to receive the same can be changed for different elections. Upon the introduction of the proper slug through the opening it rests upon a shelf 72 and between a bell-crank lever 7 3 and a spring-pressed pivoted locking'- bolt 74, which locking-bolt is provided with an opening' or recess 75 opposite the bell-crank level' 73 and is also provided with a hook 76, designed to engage the shelf 72. lVhen the cover is lowered, the pivoted locking-bolt is automatic in its action and locks the cover in its home position. Any actuation of the bellcrank lever 73 will be idle as the inner end of said lever will pass through the openingI or recess 75 in the pivoted bolt. lt will of course be understood that one end of this bell-crank lever 73 projects through the casing, so as to be manipulated by the voter. IfIon'ever, when a slug is introduced it falls onto the shelf 72 and in Afront of the bell-crank lever 78. As the slug is larger than the opening or recess 75, it `follows that when the bell-crank lever is manipulated the slug engages the pivoted bolt and forces the hook from under the shelf 72 and unlocks the cover. At the. same time the slug is forced oli of the shelf 72 and falls into the casing of the voting-machine. 'l`he hook on the pivoted locking-bolt is preferably located to one side, as shown in l `ig. rl7, so as to be out of the path of the falling sl ug when the slug is pushed of'l' of the shelf 72. 'lhe cover can now be raised and the voter can cast his vote as before described.
I am aware that minor changes in the arrangement, eonstrilction, and combination of the several parts of my device can be made and substituted for those herein shown and described withoutin the least departing from the nature and principle of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters vPatent, is-
1. In a voting-machine, the combination with a keyboard, of iudependently-(merable releasing-bars, bars 18 which are imlividually controlled by said releasing-bars, locking-bars common to a transverse series of keys, restoring mechanism :for said locking-bars, and restoring mechanism for said bars 18, and means for operating said restoring mechanisms simultaneously; substantially as described.
2. In a voting-machine, the combination with a keyboard, of releasing-bars which are operated by the several keys, locking-bars which are likewise operated by said keys to lock all other keys in a transverse series against movement, master-shafts for operating the releasing and locking bars independently of keys, means for restoring the locking-bars, and devices 'for locking the mastershafts against rotation while the restoring mechanism oif the locking-bars is in an operative position; substantially as described.
3. In a voting-machine, the combination with a easing, of a keyboard containing independently-operable keys, devices operated by the keys for preventing the operation of another key identilied with a different candidate for thc same ohee, punch-bars controlled by the keys, adding mechanismsoperated by the punch-bars, and master-shafts for operating IOO IIO
the punch-bars independently of the keys whereby a straight ticket can be voted; substantially as described.
41. In a voting-machine, the combination with a casing, of a keyboard comprising independently-depressible keys arranged opposite the names of the several candidates to be voted `for, mastershafts common to the several mechanisms for simultaneously registering votes for candidates for different otiices, a cover hinged to the casing and designed to cover a keyboard when in its lowered position, and mechanism connected to and operated by the cover for restoring the actuated parts in the machine, and for locking the master-shafts against rotation when the cover is in its lowered position; substantially as described.
5. In a voting-machine, the combination with a depressible key provided with a cam, ot' a releasing-bar operated by said cam, and a bar 18 provided with a projection designed to pass through a notch in the releasing-bar when a key is depressed; substantially as described.
6. In a voting-machine, the combination with a depressible key, oi a notched releasing'- bar operated thereby, a stop-plate secured to the releasing-bar and overlapping the notch therein, and a bar 18 provided with a projection designed to pass through the notch in the releasing-bar and cooperate with the stopplate; substantially as described.
7. In a Voting-machine, the combination with a depressible key, of a releasing-bar operated by said key, a bar 18, and a yielding projection on said bar 18 `for cooperating with the releasing-bar; substantially as described.
8. In a' voting-machine, the combination with a transverse series ot' keys, of a notched locking-barcommon to said series, a series ot independentl y-mov able bars 18 provided with projections normally in registration with the notches of said locking-bar, and means on the key for operating said locking-bar upon the depression of the key so that the notches of said bar are moved out of registration with 'the projections on the bars 18; substantially as described.
9. In a voting-machine, the combination with depressible keys, ot' releasing-bars designed to be operated by the initial movement of each key, locking-bars which are operated upon the ii nal movement of each key, said locking-bars being common to a transverse series ot' keys, and bars 18 provided with projections which are designed to pass through notches in the releasing and locking bars; substantially as described.
10. In a voting-machine, the combination with a key, ot' a notched releasing-bar, a notched locking-bar, a bar 18 provided with projections l'or cooperating with the notches in the releasing and locking bars, the projection which cooperates with the releasing-bar being out of registration with the notch therein, while the projection which cooperates with the notch in the locking-bar is in registration with the notch therein when the parts are in their normal position, and means tor moving the releasing and locking bars laterally upon the depression of said key, the initial movement ot' the key moving' the releasing-bar so that its notch registers with the projection on the bar 18, releasing said bar and permitting' the projection thereon which is in registration with the notch in the locking-bar to pass through said notch, the tinal movement ol the key moving the locking-bar laterally; substantially as described.
11. In a voting-machine, the combination with a depressible key, ot' releasing and locking bars operated by said key successively, a bar 18 provided with projections cooperating with notches in said releasing and locking bars, and an adding mechanism which is actuated by said bar 18; substantially as described.
12. In a voting-machine, the combination with restoring' devices for the locking-bars. ot a cover for actuating' said restoring devices, and means connected to the cover for locking the restoring devices in a retracted position, when the cover is elevated, which means includes a slot-aiul-pin connection with the cover., whereby the cover is permitted a certain amount of idle travel independently ol said locking mechanism; substantially as described.
18. In a voting-machine, the combination with the master-shafts carrying projections, of a notched bar whose recesses are designed to be thrown into and out oi registration with the projections on said master-shafts, and a cover for operating said notched bar; substantially as described.
1st. In a voting-machine, the combination with the master-shafts, of a cover, and means for locking said master-shafts against rotation when the cover is in its lower position; substantially as described.
15. In a voting-machine, the combination with the master-shafts carrying projections, of a notched bar whose recesses are designed to be thrown into and out of registration with said projections, a cover for moving said notched bar so that its recesses are out ot registration with the projections on the mastersha'lfts, and a spring' for returning the notched bar and permitting the operation of the master-shafts when the cover is elevated; substantially as described.
16. In a voting-machine, the combination with keys, of locking-bars cooperating therewith, restoring mechanisms for said locking'- bars, a vertically-swinging cover for housing in the keys, master-shafts, connections between the cover 'and the restoring mechanism for operating the latter upon the linal movement ot' the former, and locking devices which are operated by the restoring mechanism to lock the master-shafts against rotation; substantially as described.
17. In a voting-machine, the combination with a casing', of a keyboard provided with keys opposite the names of the different candidates to be voted for, adding' mechanisms, punch-bars for operating' said adding' mechanisms, said punch-bars being controlled by the keys, and means for locking' adjacent adding' mechanisms and punch-bars when any key of a series is depressed; substantially as described.
18. In a voting-machine, the combination with a keyboard having keys opposite the names ot' the candidates to be voted for, punchbars arranged in transverse series and operated upon the depression of a key, means for locking all punch-bars in each transverse series against movement upon the depression of any key in that series` and a web of paper which is punctured or pierced by the punchbar; substantially as described.
19. 1n a voting-machine, the combination with the keyboard having' keys opposite the names ol,I candidates to be voted for, punchbars common to their respective keys, a web of paper which traverses the punch-bars, releasing-bars common to the respective keys and interposed therebetween and the punchbars, and locking-bars common to a transverse series ot' keys; substantially as described.
Q0. 1n a voting-machine, the combination with a keyboard having' depressible keys, of alined punch-bars, a web of paper traversing' said punch-bars, an adding' mechanism which is actuated by each punch-bar, a releasing-bar controlled by the keys for effecting the release of the individual punch-bars, and a locking-bar common to a transverse series of keys,
which locking-bar is capable ot' being` operated by the irst depressed key of its series; substantially as described.
21. In a voting-machine, the combination with alined punch-bars, mechanism for operating said punch-bars, and puncturing a web of paper, a supply reel or spool for said. web of paper, a receiving reel or spool, adding' mechanisms operated by the punch-bars, and a cover for the machine for operating the paper-feed roller; substantially as described.
22. lin a voting-machine, the combination with releasing'and locking bars designed to be operated successively, means Vtor operating' said bars, a bar 18 which is controlled by said releasing and locking bars, an adding' mechanism which is actuated by said bar 18, and an apertured bar through which one end of the bar 18 is designed to pass when it is operated and puncture a web of paper; substantially as described.
23. Yln a voting-machine, the combination with perforated bars, between which a webol'I paper passes, mechanism for moving said web of paper step by step between said bars, punchbars operating in-said perforations lor puncturing' the web olf paper between said bars, adding mechanisms operated by the punchbars, and means for operating said punch-bars; substantially as described.
In testimony whereotl I hereunto allix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses, this 15th day ol May, 1901.
JOHN I. I'IAYNES.
GEORGE BAKuwELL, ANNA GRAY.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US6086701A US786897A (en)||1901-05-18||1901-05-18||Voting-machine.|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US6086701A US786897A (en)||1901-05-18||1901-05-18||Voting-machine.|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US786897A true US786897A (en)||1905-04-11|
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|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US6086701A Expired - Lifetime US786897A (en)||1901-05-18||1901-05-18||Voting-machine.|
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|US (1)||US786897A (en)|
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3191859A (en) *||1965-06-29||Voting machine with card punch mechanism|
- 1901-05-18 US US6086701A patent/US786897A/en not_active Expired - Lifetime
Cited By (1)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|US3191859A (en) *||1965-06-29||Voting machine with card punch mechanism|
|US622192A (en)||Voting machine|