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Respirator and inhaler.

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Publication number
US781516A
US781516A US1904191779A US781516A US 781516 A US781516 A US 781516A US 1904191779 A US1904191779 A US 1904191779A US 781516 A US781516 A US 781516A
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Prior art keywords
air
conductor
piece
attached
tube
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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George N Guthrie Jr
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George N Guthrie Jr
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B23/00Filters for breathing-protection purposes
    • A62B23/06Nose filters

Description

, YPATENTE)'JmL-31,1905. f A I @.N. GUTHRILJ'B. RBISPIRATORJAND INHALER.

APPLICATION IILED PEB. 3, 1904.

y n 2 ann-SHEET wir/msm: 'l

V tion/vers I i UNiTEn v STATES:

Patented J' anuaryl, 1905.

PATENT GFFICE.

RESPIRATOR AND INHALER.

SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 781,516, dated January 3 1, 1905. i Application iiled February 3, 1904. Serial No. 191,779. n

To all whom t may concern: Y

Be it known that I, GEORGE N. GUTHRIE, J r., a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Cookville, in the county of Putnam and State of Tennessee, have invented a new and Improved RespiratorA and Inhaler, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description. Y My invention relates to respirators and inhalefrsffor attachment to the human face Ain order to permit the subject to breathe air from other rooms or purified air and prevent inhaling of undesirable gases and vapors.

The objects of my invention are to provide such inhalers and respirators with devices for purifying the air, removing'solid matter therefrom, and for conveniently connecting them to such purifying' devices or to the outside air. Reference. is to be had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification,

` in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the'figures.

FigureA 1 illustrates one form of my invention applied to the human face. Fig. 2 is a bottomview of the sameA form of my invention with parts in section. Fig. .3 Vis a sectional view of the same on the line 3 3 of Fig.

^ 2. Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a detail.

of my invention, and Fig. 1() is a sectional" view taken on a horizontal line below the nosepiece in Fig. 9. A

l representsanose-piece provided with a wire 2 atits edge surrounded by the material of the nose-piece, which may befrubber or other flexible oruniiexible material.

nose-piece is adapted to be held upon the face by holders 3,V similar to those.- used in spectacles, as shown. It is also provided with tubes 4 4 for connection with the purifying attachment or with pipes leading to the outside air.

5 represents one form of purifying attach- Fig. 9 is-a sectional view similar to The ment which comes within the scope of my invention. This form has a rubber or other lining 6 within the metallic sleeve 5 and is provided with small hairs or follicles 7, eX- tending radially from the internal surface toward the center. This devicemay be used without the liningk 6, and it ma'y be attached to the connections from the inhaler at any point, as desired. (See Fig. 6, for example.)

To the tubes 4'ma'y be attached tubes 8, having branches 9 and 10, the branches 9 being for exhalation and the branches 10 for inhalation. Both these branches should be provided with very light and easily-operated valves 11 and 12, one opening outwardly and the other inwardly, as shown, so as to automatically provide for the operation of the device to cause the air to be'drawn inthrough the branch 1 and forced, out `through the branch 9. To the branch l0 may be attached by tubes 14 a second branch tube 13, and said latter tube is preferably also attached to a tube 15, adapted to communicate with a main 16'or with the outside of the building. Instead ofsaid tube communicating with the outside of the building it may be attached at any point to a shorttube 17, fitting within the top of a casing 18, which is provided with a {ine-wire sieve or strainer 19, and also has one or morecompartments filled with sponge or other eiicient straining device` 2O or 21. v vided in the bottom of the casing and a pasfsage-22 to the upper sponge 20.

attached to branches26, leading therefrom to the main pipe 15 or to any ofthe other devices shown. 27 (shown in dotted lines in Fig. 8) is a passage which may be'formed between'thenose-piece and the mouthpiece. The parts 25 26 may be connected with the other parts (shown in the other lfigures) in the same manner as the parts 8, 13, and 14. 28 is a wire extending from the mouthpiece and adapted to be held between the teeth 'to support the device. i Usually one of the supports 3 or28 will bev sufficient, but they may both be used, if desired.

An opening 23 will of course be p ro- IOO , connected up as desired to the outside atmosphere or to the puriliers 5 or18. Usually both puriliers will not be needed, but they may be used in combination, if desired. The inhaled air passes through the main 16, or the purifiers 'or 18, the tubes 15, 13, and 14., the branches 10 of the tubes 8, to the tubes S and to the nose, and through the tubes 25 and the branches 26 to the mouth.

My invention is capable of universal use and may be attached to any subject, being made in various sizes. It can be litted up in various ways and the purifiers applied so as to make it useful under all conditions. One way in which I have contemplated applying it is to secure a tube to a [ire-hose throughout its length, providing valve-openings in the lire-hose at numerous points in order that the lace piece and tubes may be attached thereto at any desired point. This will insure communication with the outside air at all times.

My device is light and simple in construction, it is inexpensive, and it prevents air from entering the lungs except through the filtering medium. It does not permit the exhaled air to be rebreathed, it is not likely to become clogged, and is of goed appearance.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent- 1. In an inh aler and respirator, a nose-piece, a tube extending therefrom, a conductor from said tube to the open air, an air-purier attached to said conductor, and an air-straining device within said conductor comprising inwardly-projecting hairs.

2. In an inhaler and respirator, the combination of a nose-piece, a tube extending therefrom, a conductor from said tube tothe open air, an air-puriiier attached to said conductor,

a mouthpiece attached to said nose-piece and provided with means for conducting air thereto and therefrom, and a passage between said nose-piece and mouthpiece.

3. In an inhaler and respirator, a mise-piece` a tube extending therefrom, a conductor from said tube to the open air, an air-purifier attached to said conductor, a n'iouthpiece, and means for holding said mouthpiece in position, adapted to be held between the teeth.

4. In an inhaler and respirator, the combination of a face-piece, a tubular conductor extending therefrom, and an air-strainer in said conductor, comprising inwardly-projecting hairs.

5. In an inhaler and respirator, a face-piece, a plurality oi' conductors leading therefrom, a branch in each conductor lor exhalation, a valve in each conductor, a valve in each ol said branches, and a main conductor conneetml -nose and mouth piece constituting a lacepiece, a plurality o1 conductors leading therefrom, a branch in each conductor for exhalation, a valve in each conductor, a valve in each branch, and a main conductor connected with all of said conductors leading lrom the face-piece to the open air.

In testimony whereotl I have signed my name to this speeilication in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

GEORGE N. GU'II'IRIIC, Jn.

I'Vitnesses:

R. L. FAnLnY, \V. M. SnANlis.

US781516A 1904-02-03 1904-02-03 Respirator and inhaler. Expired - Lifetime US781516A (en)

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Cited By (70)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468383A (en) * 1948-02-13 1949-04-26 William E Tiffany Nasal and sinus protector and warmer
US4996983A (en) * 1989-01-31 1991-03-05 Amrhein Floyd E Inhaler filtration device with housing supportable by spectacle temple
US5261398A (en) * 1992-03-26 1993-11-16 Sobolik Barbara L Dental eye shield with link mounting feet for attaching to mask
US5417652A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-05-23 Scott, Sr.; Jack J. Device and method for administering fluid to the nose
US5724965A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-03-10 Respironics Inc. Nasal mask
US6029660A (en) * 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6044844A (en) * 1996-12-02 2000-04-04 Resmed Limited Mask and harness assembly
USD423096S (en) 1997-02-25 2000-04-18 Resmed Limited Nasal mask cushion
US6112746A (en) * 1996-07-26 2000-09-05 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6119693A (en) * 1998-01-16 2000-09-19 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US6123071A (en) * 1993-06-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US6123082A (en) * 1996-12-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Device for preventing or reducing the passage of air through the mouth
US6357440B1 (en) * 1999-06-16 2002-03-19 Mallinckrodt Inc. Pliable respiratory mask
US20020117177A1 (en) * 1996-12-02 2002-08-29 Kwok Philip Rodney Harness assembly for a nasal mask
US20030019495A1 (en) * 2001-05-18 2003-01-30 Palkon David J. Mask cushion and method of using same
US6513526B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-02-04 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
US20030034034A1 (en) * 1999-06-18 2003-02-20 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US20030079751A1 (en) * 1997-02-10 2003-05-01 Kwok Philip R. Mask and vent assembly therefor
US6561190B1 (en) 1997-02-10 2003-05-13 Resmed Limited Mask and a vent assembly therefor
US6684882B1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-02-03 Kenneth R. Morine Respirator
US20040045550A1 (en) * 2002-01-01 2004-03-11 Bernd Lang Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same
US20040079374A1 (en) * 2002-10-24 2004-04-29 Thornton W. Keith Custom fitted mask and method of forming same
US20040182398A1 (en) * 2003-03-22 2004-09-23 Tom Sprinkle Nasal mask
USD498529S1 (en) 1996-07-26 2004-11-16 Resmed Limited Portion of a cushion for use with a mask assembly in the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
US20040226566A1 (en) * 2003-02-21 2004-11-18 Resmed Limited Nasal assembly
US20050005940A1 (en) * 2003-04-10 2005-01-13 Resmed Limited Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece
US20050139219A1 (en) * 1999-03-29 2005-06-30 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US20050241644A1 (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-11-03 Resmed Limited Nasal assembly
US20050263158A1 (en) * 2001-10-11 2005-12-01 Bierman Steven F Endo-tracheal tube securement system
US20060005837A1 (en) * 2004-07-12 2006-01-12 Thornton W K Custom fitted mask configured for coupling to an external gas supply system and method of forming same
US20060027237A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-02-09 Tiara Medical Systems, Inc. Flexible CPAP mask
US20060191538A1 (en) * 2001-10-22 2006-08-31 Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh Application device for breathing mask arrangement
US7100610B2 (en) 2000-10-19 2006-09-05 Map Medizintechnologie Gmbh Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas
US20060196509A1 (en) * 2000-05-15 2006-09-07 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask having gas washout vent & gas washout vent assembly for a respiratory mask
US20070006879A1 (en) * 2005-07-11 2007-01-11 Thornton W K Multi-Chamber Mask and Method of Forming the Same
US7290546B2 (en) 2002-03-22 2007-11-06 Invacare Corporation Nasal mask
US20080006274A1 (en) * 2006-07-06 2008-01-10 Thornton W Keith System and Method for Forming a Custom Medical Mask Using an Orientation Device
US20080006277A1 (en) * 2004-06-03 2008-01-10 Resmed Limited Cushion for a Patient Interface
US20080006273A1 (en) * 2006-07-06 2008-01-10 Thornton W Keith System and Method for Forming a Custom Medical Mask from a Three-Dimensional Electronic Model
US7320323B2 (en) 2001-10-22 2008-01-22 Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh Breathing mask device and application device and frontal support device thereof
US20080047560A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-02-28 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US20080060649A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-03-13 Resmed Limited Delivery of respiratory therapy
US20080060648A1 (en) * 2006-09-11 2008-03-13 W. Keith Thornton Stability Medical Mask
US20080066761A1 (en) * 2006-09-18 2008-03-20 Invacare Corporation Breathing mask
US7406965B2 (en) 2003-05-05 2008-08-05 Resmed Limited Forehead support for facial mask
US20080257354A1 (en) * 2007-04-19 2008-10-23 Resmed Limited Cushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US20090126739A1 (en) * 2005-10-25 2009-05-21 Resmed Limited Interchangeable Mask Assembly
US20090178679A1 (en) * 2001-09-07 2009-07-16 Resmed Limited Cushion for a respiratory mask assembly
US20100000534A1 (en) * 2008-06-04 2010-01-07 Resmed Limited Patient interface systems
US20100000543A1 (en) * 2002-11-06 2010-01-07 Resmed Limited Mask and components thereof
US20100018534A1 (en) * 2006-12-15 2010-01-28 Veliss Lee James Delivery of respiratory therapy
US20100326445A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2010-12-30 Resmed Limited Interface including a foam cushioning element
US20110000492A1 (en) * 2008-03-04 2011-01-06 Resmed Ltd Foam respiratory mask
US20110056498A1 (en) * 2001-09-07 2011-03-10 Resmed Limited Forehead pad for respiratory mask
US7942148B2 (en) 2003-12-31 2011-05-17 Resmed Limited Compact oronasal patient interface
US20110146684A1 (en) * 2008-09-12 2011-06-23 Resmed Limited Foam-based interfacing structure method and apparatus
US8020276B2 (en) 2006-11-30 2011-09-20 Airway Technologies, Llc System and method for custom-orienting a medical mask to an oral appliance
US8316858B2 (en) 2006-04-06 2012-11-27 Airway Technologies, Llc System for coupling an oral appliance to a medical mask
US8353294B2 (en) 2004-06-16 2013-01-15 Resmed Limited Respiratory mask assembly
US8485192B2 (en) 2005-01-12 2013-07-16 Resmed Limited Cushion for patient interface
US8505535B2 (en) 2003-05-02 2013-08-13 Resmed Limited Mask system
US8517023B2 (en) 2007-01-30 2013-08-27 Resmed Limited Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
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US8607796B2 (en) 2009-02-27 2013-12-17 Airway Technologies, Llc Apparatus and method for coupling an oral appliance to a gas delivery device
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2468383A (en) * 1948-02-13 1949-04-26 William E Tiffany Nasal and sinus protector and warmer
US4996983A (en) * 1989-01-31 1991-03-05 Amrhein Floyd E Inhaler filtration device with housing supportable by spectacle temple
US5261398A (en) * 1992-03-26 1993-11-16 Sobolik Barbara L Dental eye shield with link mounting feet for attaching to mask
US6123071A (en) * 1993-06-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Facial masks for assisted respiration or CPAP
US5417652A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-05-23 Scott, Sr.; Jack J. Device and method for administering fluid to the nose
US5724965A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-03-10 Respironics Inc. Nasal mask
US6581602B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-06-24 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US20070107735A1 (en) * 1996-07-26 2007-05-17 Resmed Limited Mask
US7950392B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2011-05-31 Resmed Limited Cushion and mask therefor
US6112746A (en) * 1996-07-26 2000-09-05 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
US6513526B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2003-02-04 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
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US6871649B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2005-03-29 Resmed Limited Nasal mask cushion assembly
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US6357441B1 (en) 1996-07-26 2002-03-19 Resmed Limited Nasal mask and mask cushion therefor
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USD498529S1 (en) 1996-07-26 2004-11-16 Resmed Limited Portion of a cushion for use with a mask assembly in the application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
US8056561B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2011-11-15 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
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US6701927B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2004-03-09 Resmed Limited Full-face mask and mask cushion therefor
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US7069933B2 (en) 1996-07-26 2006-07-04 Resmed Limited Breathing mask and mask cushion therefor
US20070267021A1 (en) * 1996-12-02 2007-11-22 Resmed Limited Harness assembly for a nasal mask
US7036508B2 (en) 1996-12-02 2006-05-02 Resmed Limited Harness assembly for a nasal mask
US20020117177A1 (en) * 1996-12-02 2002-08-29 Kwok Philip Rodney Harness assembly for a nasal mask
US6044844A (en) * 1996-12-02 2000-04-04 Resmed Limited Mask and harness assembly
US6494207B1 (en) 1996-12-02 2002-12-17 Resmed Limited Harness assembly for a nasal mask
US6029660A (en) * 1996-12-12 2000-02-29 Resmed Limited Substance delivery apparatus
US6123082A (en) * 1996-12-18 2000-09-26 Resmed Limited Device for preventing or reducing the passage of air through the mouth
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US6357440B1 (en) * 1999-06-16 2002-03-19 Mallinckrodt Inc. Pliable respiratory mask
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