US779130A - Cooking stove or range. - Google Patents

Cooking stove or range. Download PDF

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Publication number
US779130A
US779130A US21165702A US1902211657A US779130A US 779130 A US779130 A US 779130A US 21165702 A US21165702 A US 21165702A US 1902211657 A US1902211657 A US 1902211657A US 779130 A US779130 A US 779130A
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Prior art keywords
water
oven
steam
space
fire
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US21165702A
Inventor
Thomas E Nininger
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Thomas E Nininger
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21BBAKERS' OVENS; MACHINES OR EQUIPMENT FOR BAKING
    • A21B3/00Parts or accessories of ovens
    • A21B3/04Air-treatment devices for ovens, e.g. regulating humidity

Description

PATENTED JAN. 3, 1905.
T. E. NININGBR.
COOKING STOVE OR RANGE.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 1.1902. RENEWED JUNE 8,1904.
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Patented January 3, 1905.
PATENT OEETCE.
THOMAS E. NININGER, OF AMSTERDAM, VIRGINIA.
oooKme STOVE OR RANGE.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 77 9,130, dated January 3, 1905.
Application filed July 1, 1902. Renewed June 8, 1904. Serial No. 211,657.
To (ZZZ ur/tom, it may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS E. NININGER, of Amsterdam, in the county of Botetourt, State of Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Cooking Stoves or Ranges; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and to'the letters of reference marked thereon.
This invention relates to improvements in cooking stoves or ranges wherein the cooking of the articles of food may be done either by steam heat or by the heat from the fire, or both; and it has for its object to provide such a stove which shall be simple in construction and easily operated.
To this end the invention consists in certain novel details of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts, all as will be now described, and the particular features of novelty pointed out in the claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a stove constructed in accordance with this invention looking from the rear. Fig. 2 is an end elevation. Fig. 3 is a top plan view. Fig. 4: is a detail perspective view of the removable fire box or drawer.
Similar letters of reference in the several figures indicate the same parts.
In the practical embodiment of my invention there is provided at substantially the center of the body of the stove a chamber or compartment A, within which is located the firebox. This compartment extends from front to rear of the stove-body, and the fire-box, preferably in the form of a rectangular box or drawer B, as shown in Fig. 4:, is slid in this chamber, resting on the bottom thereof. The fire-box B is in length the same as the depth of the chamber A, but is preferably but half as high, a door 6 being employed to close the compartment A when the fire-box isiniplace, as will be understood from an inspection of Fig. 1. To one side of the central fire-chamher is located a water-tank C, a water-space 0 being left between the rear wall 0- of the water-tank and central chamber A. Communication between the water-tank G and waterspace 0 is preferably established by having the rear wall of the water-tank stop a short distance from the bottom of the tank, as shown in Fig. 1.
Locatedabove the water-tank G is an oven D, having double walls, a steam-space (Z being thus formed about the oven, so that steam may pass around the outside of the inner wall and furnish sufficient heat for cooking.
As will be seen from Fig. 1, the waterspace 0 leads directly into the steam-space (Z, surrounding the oven D, said steam-space d being practically a continuation of the waterspace 0.
For drawing off the water of condensation from the steam-space (Z and also to allow for a continuous circulation of steam through the steam-space I provide a cock E, controlling communication between the steam-space and water-tank and operated by a suitable handle 0, extending out in convenient position to be manipulated.
As it is sometimes desirable or necessary to cook articles by the direct action of the steam, I have provided in the lower wall or base cl of the ovenD an opening whereby steam may enter the oven D from the steam-space d, said opening being closed when desired by a valve (Z I also provide a cock (Pin the bottom of the oven D and leading into the water-tank, through which water of condensation and steam may be drawn off from the interior of the oven D, said cock being controlled by a suitable handle cl. A cook it is provided for drawing hot water when desired.
At the opposite side of the stove from the steam-oven I locate an oven E, having double walls, a space 0 being formed around which the heat and products of combustion from the fire circulate, passing out through the smokepipe 0. oven, the heat may be caused to pass directly out through the pipe 0 by means of the damper F, as will be readily understood from Fig. 1. Articles may also be cooked upon the top of the oven E and central chamber A, lids f being provided to close openings therein.
' From the above description it will be seen that the water-space 0 being located immediately next to the fire-box the water will be When it is not desired to use this in isolated sections where other fuel is not obtainable.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent. is
1. In a cooking-stove the combination with the centrally-located fire-chamber, the watertank located within the stove, the'water-space between the tank and central fire-chamber, the oven located above the water-tank, the steam-space surrounding said oven and connecting with the water-space; substantially as described.
2. In a cooking-stove the combination with the centrally-located fire-chamber, the watertank, the water-space between the fire-boxand tank, the oven located, above the water-tank and next the fire-box, the steam-space surrounding saifdi oven, and communicating with the water-space and a cock leading from the steam-space into the water-tank; substantially as described.
3. In a cooking-stove, the combination with the centrally-located fire-chamber, the watertank located within the stove-body, the Waterspace located next the fire-box and communicating with the water-tank, the oven located above the water tank, the steam space surrounding the oven and communicating with the water-space, the cocks leading from the water-tank and the steam-space and oven and a valve for introducing steam to the interior of the oven; substantially as described.
4. In a cooking-stove, the combination with I the centrally-located fire-chamber, the watertank, the oven located above the water-tank, the steam-space surrounding said oven, a second oven, a heat space or flue surrounding said oven, and communicating with the fire-chamber, a smoke-pipe and a damper for causing the products of combustion to pass around the second oven or through the smoke-pipe; substantially as described.
THOMAS E. NININGER. Witnesses:
M. G. NININGER, S. J. Moo ymw.
US21165702A 1902-07-01 1902-07-01 Cooking stove or range. Expired - Lifetime US779130A (en)

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