US771918A - Gate mechanism. - Google Patents

Gate mechanism. Download PDF

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Publication number
US771918A
US771918A US20912804A US1904209128A US771918A US 771918 A US771918 A US 771918A US 20912804 A US20912804 A US 20912804A US 1904209128 A US1904209128 A US 1904209128A US 771918 A US771918 A US 771918A
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Prior art keywords
gate
wheel
frame
hopper
operating
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Expired - Lifetime
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US20912804A
Inventor
Edward A Munn
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Edward A Munn
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/54Gates or closures
    • B65D90/58Gates or closures having closure members sliding in the plane of the opening
    • B65D90/582Gates or closures having closure members sliding in the plane of the opening having a rotational motion

Description

No. 771,918. PATENTED OCT. 11, 1904. E. A. MUNN.
GATE MECHANISM.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 21, 1904,
NO MODEL.
Patented October 11, 1904.
UNITED STATES PATENT CEEicE.
EDWARD A. MUNN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
GATE MECHANISM.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 771,918, dated October 11, 1904. Application filed May 21, 1904, Serial No. 209,128. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD A. MUNN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Grate Mechanism, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description.
My invention relates to a gate mechanism for controlling the passage of grain or the like through a hopper or chute, and is especially adapted for use in connection with the hopper-bottoms of grain-bins.
Gate mechanisms heretofore devised for grain-bin hoppers have often been objectionable on account of the vertical space which they occupy, this in turn making necessary an increase in height of the whole building in order to get suflicient incline or drop for the spouts through which the grain is discharged.
Other objections have been their liability to' stick and the great amount of power which is required to close them. Furthermore, such devices if efi icient for theirintended purpose have generally been bulky and have involved considerable mechanism.
My invention is directed toward an improved simple device which will be very compact, strong, easy to attach, easy to operate, and not likely to get out of order.
I will describe the preferred form of my invention particularly by reference to the accompanying drawings, and the parts, improvements, or combinations which I regard as novel will be pointed out in the appended claims. 7
Figure 1 is a plan view of my improved gate mechanism; and Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof, showing also a portion of the hopper-bottom and a portion of the dischargespout. Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view.
The same letters of reference are used to designate the same parts in all figures of the drawings.
The whole mechanism of my device may be carried by a main frame, which is preferably formed of two castingsal at, bolted together, as shown, with the gate 6 arranged to slide to and fro across the frame in horizontal guideways or grooves formed where the upper and lower castings meet. The lower casting a carries lateral extensions or guides do", which are adapted to support the sliding gate b when the same is in its open position. The lower casting a is also formed with an annular mouthpiece (0 having a flaring lip adapted to fit the upper end of the discharge-spout c, which is arranged to swing around the same as a pivot to discharge the grain at any desired angle. The upper casting a of the supporting-frame is formed with a flaringmouth or hopper adapted to fit the bottom of the hopper and to be bolted or riveted thereto.
A bracket clextends laterally from the main frame in position to support an operatingwheel 6, pivoted thereon to rotate horizontally in a plane close to the plane of the sliding gate. This bracket is preferably a part of the lower casting a and the pivotal axis of the operating-wheel is preferably placed, as
shown, a little to one side of the center line of the frame. A link f connects the operating-wheel with the sliding gate to cause said gate to slide longitudinally in its guideways as the wheel is rotated. Preferably the connecting-link is pivoted at one end to the under side of the gate 6, near the-rear thereof,
and at the other end to the upper surface of.
the rim of the wheel. The pivoting of the connecting-link to the gate at a point near the rear thereof makes it possible to have the operating-wheel very close to the frame without sacrificing a Wide range of movement of the gate. Preferably the operating-wheel is in the form of a flanged pulley with a rope or cable passed around the same, so that it may be operated conveniently from a distance. This rope may be led to any desired point which will be convenient for the operation of the gate, according to circumstances. It will be observed that the wheel and link act as togglelevers, so that slight power applied to the operating-wheel will exert great pressure upon the gate, the leverage increasing as the gate approaches its closed position. This feature is especially advantageous, since the greatest resistance to the closing of the gate is ofiered toward the end of its travel. An adjustable rope-guard 9 may be provided, as shown, to keep the rope in engagement with the wheel.
I claim- 1. A gate attachment for hoppers comprising a framework having a flaring mouth at the top adapted to fit the bottom of the hopper, a gate arranged to slide to and fro across said frame in horizontal guides, said guides projecting laterally to support said gate in its open position, a bracket projecting laterally from said frame in the direction of said guides, an operating-wheel pivoted to said bracket to rotate in a horizontal plane close to the plane of movement of the gate, a connecting-link pivotally connected at one end to said wheel and at the other end to said gate; and a mouthpiece formed upon said frame below the gate, adapted to fit a discharge pipe or spout for the hopper, substantially as set forth.
2. The combination with a hopper, of a gateframe secured to the bottom thereof, a gate arranged to slide horizontally in said frame across the mouth of the hopper, a bracket projecting laterally from said frame, an operating-Wheel mounted to rotate in a horizontal plane upon said bracket, and a connectinglink pivoted at one end to said wheel and at the other end to said. gate near the rear end of the same.
3. The combination With a hopper, of a gate arranged to slide to and fro across the mouth thereof, a pulley-Wheel mounted to rotate in ahorizontal plane slightly below the plane of said sliding gate, a bracket supporting said Wheel on the under side thereof, a connectinglink pivoted at one end to the upper surface of said wheel and at the other end to the lower surface of said slid-e, near the rear end thereof, and an operating-rope passing around said pulley-wheel, substantially as set forth.
4. The combination with a gate-frame and a gate mounted to slide to and fro therein, of a bracket carried by said frame, an operating pulley-wheel pivoted to said bracket to rotate in a plane parallel to the plane of said gate, a
link pivotally connected at one end to said wheel and at the other end to said gate, and an operating-rope passing around said wheel and led to a distant point, as described.
In witness whereof I hereunto subscribe my name this 17th day of May, A. D. 1904.
EDWARD A. MUNN. \Vitnesses:
DE WVI'rT (J. TANNER, W. WV. LEACH.
US20912804A 1904-05-21 1904-05-21 Gate mechanism. Expired - Lifetime US771918A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502329A (en) * 1948-09-07 1950-03-28 Richard J H Lane Package filling spout for ice cream machines
US2678738A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-05-18 Richard L Mangrum Portable storage container
US2814375A (en) * 1954-09-21 1957-11-26 Isch Franklin Eugene Unloading chute
US3981420A (en) * 1975-01-20 1976-09-21 Smits Geurts Louisa Josephina Pull means for slidable member for dosing device
US4066097A (en) * 1974-09-14 1978-01-03 C. F. Scheer & Cie Apparatus for processing molten liquid plastics, particularly for extrusion of plastics

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502329A (en) * 1948-09-07 1950-03-28 Richard J H Lane Package filling spout for ice cream machines
US2678738A (en) * 1951-06-18 1954-05-18 Richard L Mangrum Portable storage container
US2814375A (en) * 1954-09-21 1957-11-26 Isch Franklin Eugene Unloading chute
US4066097A (en) * 1974-09-14 1978-01-03 C. F. Scheer & Cie Apparatus for processing molten liquid plastics, particularly for extrusion of plastics
US3981420A (en) * 1975-01-20 1976-09-21 Smits Geurts Louisa Josephina Pull means for slidable member for dosing device

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