US7683848B2 - Antenna for a level meter employing the radar principle - Google Patents

Antenna for a level meter employing the radar principle Download PDF

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Publication number
US7683848B2
US7683848B2 US12034096 US3409608A US7683848B2 US 7683848 B2 US7683848 B2 US 7683848B2 US 12034096 US12034096 US 12034096 US 3409608 A US3409608 A US 3409608A US 7683848 B2 US7683848 B2 US 7683848B2
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Prior art keywords
antenna
dielectric insert
dielectric
invention
level meter
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Expired - Fee Related
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US12034096
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US20080204351A1 (en )
Inventor
Michael Gerding
Achim Matt
Thomas Musch
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Krohne Messetechnik GmbH and Co KG
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Krohne Messetechnik GmbH and Co KG
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm
    • G01F23/22Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by measurement of physical variables, other than linear dimensions, pressure or weight, dependent on the level to be measured, e.g. by difference of heat transfer of steam or water
    • G01F23/28Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by measurement of physical variables, other than linear dimensions, pressure or weight, dependent on the level to be measured, e.g. by difference of heat transfer of steam or water by measuring the variations of parameters of electric or acoustic waves applied directly to the liquid or fluent solid material
    • G01F23/284Electromagnetic waves
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/225Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles used in level-measurement devices, e.g. for level gauge measurement
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q19/00Combinations of primary active antenna elements and units with secondary devices, e.g. with quasi-optical devices, for giving the antenna a desired directional characteristic
    • H01Q19/06Combinations of primary active antenna elements and units with secondary devices, e.g. with quasi-optical devices, for giving the antenna a desired directional characteristic using refracting or diffracting devices, e.g. lens
    • H01Q19/08Combinations of primary active antenna elements and units with secondary devices, e.g. with quasi-optical devices, for giving the antenna a desired directional characteristic using refracting or diffracting devices, e.g. lens for modifying the radiation pattern of a radiating horn in which it is located

Abstract

In an antenna for a level meter employing the radar principle, a fastening device is provided for detachably mounting a dielectric insert in the antenna. The fastening device may be a continuous clamping collar that clamps the dielectric insert in place in the antenna. This offers a simple, universally employable possibility for fastening a dielectric insert in the antenna.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to an antenna, equipped with a dielectric insert, for use with a level meter that operates employing the radar principle.

A horn antenna for radar systems, its antenna cavity filled at least partly by a dielectric insert, has been described earlier, for instance, in DE 100 57 441 A1. Radar-type level meters utilizing that principle are used for measuring the level of liquids and granular materials. A microwave beam is transmitted via an antenna and is recaptured upon reflection off the surface of the medium being measured. The level of the medium can be calculated, for instance, by means of a runtime measurement.

As described in DE 100 57 441 A1, there are various applications for which the antenna of a radar-based level meter needs to be equipped with a dielectric insert. According to the description in that publication, the dielectric material is applied, for example, by being molded into the antenna interior. That publication also describes how the dielectric insert is bonded in an antenna by a baking or sintering process. That publication continues to describe the coating of the outer surface of the dielectric insert with a conductive layer as proposed, for instance, in DE 196 17 963 A1.

In practical use, however, it has been found that any such bonding is fraught with problems in that it either has a negative effect on the dielectric properties, and thus for instance on the beam characteristics of the antenna, or, depending on the type of bonding, only certain dielectric materials can be used.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Against the background of these problems, our objective has to be the introduction of a simple and universally employable method for fastening a dielectric insert in an antenna.

For an antenna of the type first described above, this objective is achieved in that the antenna is provided with internal means for detachably mounting the dielectric insert.

The invention thus constitutes a departure from the principle of providing the antenna with an essentially permanent dielectric liner. Instead, the insert is to be removably attached by means of a fastening device that ensures a dependable retention of the dielectric insert in the antenna.

This invention is essentially suitable for use on all-dielectric antennas as well. However, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the antenna is made of metal. The invention also lends itself to a variety of antenna configurations. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, however, the antenna is a horn antenna.

For all practical purposes, the dielectric insert described herein may fill only part of the interior of the antenna. However, in a preferred embodiment of the invention, the dielectric insert fills the entire interior of the antenna.

The fastening devices for the detachable mounting of the dielectric insert in the antenna may be configured along a variety of functional and physical parameters. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, for example, the fastening device may be in the form of a clamping collar that serves to clamp the dielectric insert in the antenna. That clamping collar is preferably molded onto the dielectric insert as an integral part thereof, meaning that the collar consists of the same material as the dielectric insert.

While it is possible to limit the clamping collar to a partial section of the circumference of the dielectric insert, the clamping collar in a preferred embodiment of the invention extends over the entire outer circumference of the dielectric insert, preferably engaging in a clamping recess formed in the insert.

Alternatively, according to one preferred embodiment of the invention, the clamping collar may be in the form of an O-ring placed between the inner wall of the antenna and the outer wall of the dielectric insert. In that case, both the inner wall of the antenna and the outer wall of the dielectric insert are preferably provided with a corresponding recess, preferably a continuous groove in which the O-ring engages.

As another choice, the fastening device in a preferred embodiment of the invention is in the form of a screw connection between the outer wall of the dielectric insert and the inner wall of the antenna. A screw connection of that kind will typically be provided in a cylindrical section of the dielectric insert and, when the dielectric insert is in place, will be located in a corresponding cylindrical section of a waveguide that feeds the electromagnetic signal to the antenna.

In another preferred embodiment of the invention, the fastening device may be in the form of a set screw that is mounted in the antenna wall and presses on the outer wall of the dielectric insert. A set screw of this type is preferably accessible from outside the antenna to permit easy adjustment. Preferably also, several such set screws are provided, desirably with even circumferential spacing.

Finally, in another preferred embodiment of the invention, the fastening device is in the form of a spring assembly provided on the inner wall of the antenna and pressing against the outside wall of the dielectric insert. In this case as well, preferably several such spring assemblies are provided, again most desirably with even circumferential spacing.

The following description will detail preferred embodiments of the invention with reference to the attached drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of an antenna for a radar-type level meter according to a first preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of an antenna for a radar-type level meter according to a second preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an antenna for a radar-type level meter according to a third preferred embodiment of the invention, and

FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an antenna for a radar-type level meter according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 is a longitudinal section view of an antenna for a radar-type level meter. The antenna is a horn antenna 1 in which a dielectric PTFE insert 2 is installed. The dielectric insert 2 is mounted in the horn antenna 1 in removable fashion, the fastening device in this case being a continuous clamping collar 3. This clamping collar 3 is integrally molded onto the outer wall of the dielectric insert 2 and consists of the same PTFE material. The inner wall of the horn antenna 1 is provided with a clamping recess 4 matching and accepting the clamping collar 3.

When the horn antenna 1 is made of a metal such as stainless steel and the dielectric PTFE insert 2 is shaped as described above, a certain degree of elasticity and compressibility of the PTFE material allows the dielectric insert 2 to be snapped into the inside of the horn antenna 1 when a light axial pressure is applied.

To loosen the dielectric insert 2 so that it can be removed from the horn antenna 1, for instance, a suitable rod can be used to push against the dielectric insert 2 from the waveguide and of the horn antenna 1, which is the end at which a waveguide 5 connects to the horn antenna 1 for feeding-in the microwave signal, i.e. the left end in FIG. 1.

FIG. 2 shows an antenna according to a second preferred embodiment of the invention, in this case with a continuous O-ring 6 serving as the clamping collar. The O-ring 6, consisting, for example, of a fluorinated elastomer, engages in corresponding continuous grooves 7, 8 in the horn antenna 1 and, respectively, in the dielectric insert 2. The procedure for attaching and removing the dielectric insert 2 is the same as that described for the first preferred embodiment of the invention.

FIG. 3 is a schematic illustration in cross-section showing how, in a third preferred embodiment of the invention, the dielectric insert 2 is fastened in the horn antenna 1 by means of set screws 9. As shown in FIG. 3, the set screws 9 extend through the wall 10 of the horn antenna 1 so that they can be tightened to clamp down on the outside wall 11 of the dielectric insert 2. These set screws are conveniently accessible from the outside, thus permitting easy manipulation.

Finally, FIG. 4 shows an antenna according to a fourth preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein the dielectric insert 2 is removably held in place in the horn antenna 1 by means of spring-loaded retainers 12, provided in the inner wall 13 of the horn antenna 1. For this, the inner wall 13 of antenna 1 features recesses 14 that can fully accommodate the springs 15 and the spring-loaded retaining balls 16 of the spring-loaded retainer assemblies 12. This allows the dielectric insert 2 to be snapped into the horn antenna 1 with only minor axial pressure. The dielectric insert 2 will be held in place in the horn antenna 1 by the spring-loaded retaining balls 16 as these click into corresponding concave detents 17 in the outer wall 11 of the dielectric insert 2. In this fashion, it is also possible to ensure a specific rotational alignment of the dielectric insert 2 in the horn antenna 1.

Claims (3)

1. A horn antenna for a level meter employing the radar principle, with a dielectric insert, wherein a fastening device is provided for the removable attachment of the dielectric insert in the antenna, said fastening device being a spring assembly provided on an inner wall of the antenna and which presses against an outer wall of the dielectric insert, said spring assembly comprising a spring and a spring-loaded retaining ball which clicks into corresponding concave detents in the outer wall of the dielectric insert.
2. The antenna as in claim 1, wherein the antenna is of metal.
3. The antenna as in claim 1, wherein the dielectric insert completely fills the interior space of the antenna.
US12034096 2007-02-23 2008-02-20 Antenna for a level meter employing the radar principle Expired - Fee Related US7683848B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102007009363 2007-02-23
DE102007009363.4 2007-02-23
DE200710009363 DE102007009363B4 (en) 2007-02-23 2007-02-23 The antenna for operating according to the radar-type level meter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20080204351A1 true US20080204351A1 (en) 2008-08-28
US7683848B2 true US7683848B2 (en) 2010-03-23

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US (1) US7683848B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1962065A3 (en)
JP (1) JP5260079B2 (en)
DE (2) DE102007009363B4 (en)

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JP5260079B2 (en) 2013-08-14 grant
DE202007018390U1 (en) 2008-07-17 grant
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EP1962065A2 (en) 2008-08-27 application
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JP2008211791A (en) 2008-09-11 application
US20080204351A1 (en) 2008-08-28 application

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