US7665480B2 - Defined lead path for high pressure seal - Google Patents

Defined lead path for high pressure seal Download PDF

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US7665480B2
US7665480B2 US11/573,742 US57374205A US7665480B2 US 7665480 B2 US7665480 B2 US 7665480B2 US 57374205 A US57374205 A US 57374205A US 7665480 B2 US7665480 B2 US 7665480B2
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Prior art keywords
cap
seal
housing
abutment
opening
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US11/573,742
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US20080110515A1 (en
Inventor
John Angelosanto
Joseph A. Luongo
Frank A. Rubino
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Waters Technologies Corp
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Waters Technologies Corp
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Priority to US60237604P priority Critical
Application filed by Waters Technologies Corp filed Critical Waters Technologies Corp
Priority to PCT/US2005/029205 priority patent/WO2006023526A2/en
Priority to US11/573,742 priority patent/US7665480B2/en
Publication of US20080110515A1 publication Critical patent/US20080110515A1/en
Assigned to WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION reassignment WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION MERGER (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: WATERS INVESTMENTS LIMITED
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Publication of US7665480B2 publication Critical patent/US7665480B2/en
Assigned to WATERS INVESTMENT LTD reassignment WATERS INVESTMENT LTD ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ANGELOSANTO, JOHN, LUONGO, JOSEPH A., RUBINO, FRANK A.
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/002Sealings comprising at least two sealings in succession
    • F16J15/004Sealings comprising at least two sealings in succession forming of recuperation chamber for the leaking fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/04Draining
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B53/00Component parts, details or accessories not provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B23/00 or F04B39/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B53/16Casings; Cylinders; Cylinder liners or heads; Fluid connections
    • F04B53/162Adaptations of cylinders
    • F04B53/164Stoffing boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/0318Processes
    • Y10T137/0402Cleaning, repairing, or assembling
    • Y10T137/0441Repairing, securing, replacing, or servicing pipe joint, valve, or tank
    • Y10T137/0452Detecting or repairing leak
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/5762With leakage or drip collecting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/9247With closure

Abstract

Embodiments of the present invention are directed to methods and devices for conveying or containing fluids under pressure in which seals are provided with a defined path to vent fluid in the event of a seal failure.

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/602,376, filed Aug. 18, 2004. The contents of these applications are incorporated herein by reference.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY FUNDED RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
N/A
FIELD OF INVENTION
The present invention relates to the field of fluid handling devices.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is directed to devices for handling fluids under pressure. For example, without limitation, embodiments of the present invention have application for pumps and valves that produce or control fluids under pressure. Devices for handling high pressures are built with parts and components with closely controlled tolerances. Such parts and components are also expensive to manufacture. It is desirable to be able to design components and parts which exhibit wear such that the worn parts and components can be replaced. And, it is desirable to reuse parts and components with closely controlled tolerances.
Unfortunately, worn parts and components may cease functioning prior to replacement. The function of many parts and components of fluid handling devices is to contain fluid under pressure. For example, the failure of seals in a valve or pump may release fluid into sections of the device which can not withstand the pressure and/or pulsation of the fluid. The parts and components to which a pressurized fluid is inappropriately applied may work free or change alignment from other components and parts. Specialized pumps for performing chromatography often have sapphire pistons. Mis-aligned pistons may gouge precision surfaces of such pumps. The pistons may be scratched or otherwise damaged. Parts and components to which inappropriate pressure is applied may permanently deform.
In the field of chromatography, there is an interest in operating at elevated pressures. Conventional pressures for performing high performance liquid chromatography are up to approximately 3,000 pounds per square inch (psi). Pressures for performing ultra performance liquid chromatography may reach 15,000 to 20,000 psi. With greater pressure, the potential for seal failure is greater and the potential for damage is greater.
It would be desirable to have parts and components of fluid handling devices convey fluids to the exterior of the device in a manner that does not allow inappropriate pressure to be applied to parts and components.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention are directed to devices and methods for directing fluids away from surfaces with closely controlled tolerances to prevent damage in the event of a leak. One embodiment of the present invention is directed to a device for producing or conveying fluids under pressure. The device comprises a housing having a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening. The chamber is for containing fluid under pressure. The cap abutment surface is an area of the housing apart from the exterior that surrounds the bore opening for receiving a cap. The bore opening extends from the cap abutment surface to the chamber. The bore opening has a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface. A seal is held in the bore opening. The seal has a seal opening and a housing engagement surface, said seal opening for receiving a shaft extending axially there-through. The seal sealing engaging said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface upon axial compression of the seal against said seal compression surface. The device further comprises a shaft having a shaft axis and mounted in the seal opening of the seal. The shaft is for rotation about the shaft axis or movement along the shaft axis. The device further comprises a cap having a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface. The cap is affixed to the housing with the housing abutment surface engaging the cap abutment surface. The shaft extends through the cap opening and the cap seal compression surface is pressed against the seal compelling the seal against the seal compression surface to sealing engage the housing engagement surface against the sealing surface. The device further comprises a passage means for receiving and conveying fluid from said housing engagement surface to at least one of the cap exterior or the housing exterior and away from the cap abutment surface and the housing abutment surface.
Typically, the cap abutment surface and housing abutment surface influence the relationship of other components and parts. For example, the misalignment of the cap with respect to the housing will cause a corresponding misalignment of the shaft in the seal opening, cap opening and the bore opening. This misalignment can lead to undue expensive wear and damage to the these components. The passage means of the present invention directs fluids which are under pressure, away from this sensitive area.
The passage means of one embodiment of the present invention is a channel in at least one of the housing or cap. A preferred passage means is incorporated in the seal. Preferably, the seal has a flexible body section and a seal compression pad. The body section is for engaging the housing engagement surface. The seal compression pad has less flexibility than the flexible body section to compress the flexible section against said seal compression surface. Preferably, the seal compression pad has a cap engaging surface. A preferred passage means is at least one channel in the cap engaging surface. The channel preferably extends radially across the cap engaging surface from the cap opening.
In the alternative, one embodiment of the present invention has at least one channel in said seal compression surface of the cap.
The device of the present inventions may comprise a pump, wherein the housing is a pump housing, or a valve, wherein the housing is a valve housing. In pump applications, the shaft may rotate or move in or out of the chamber to compel fluid movement. For example, without limitation, the shaft may comprise a reciprocating piston within the chamber.
The device of the present invention has particular utility in pump and valve applications with fluids under high pressure and ultra high pressure.
A further embodiment of the present invention comprises a method of producing or conveying fluids under pressure. The method comprising the steps of providing a device having a housing having a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening. The chamber is for containing a fluid under pressure. The cap abutment surface is a area of the housing apart from the exterior surrounding the bore opening for receiving a cap. The bore opening extending from cap abutment area to the chamber. The bore opening has a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface.
The device further comprises a seal held in the bore opening. The seal has a seal opening and a housing engagement surface. The seal opening is for receiving a shaft extending axially there through. The seal sealing engages the housing engagement surface against said sealing surface upon axial compression of the seal against said seal compression surface. A shaft, having a shaft axis, is mounted in the seal opening of the seal for rotation about said shaft axis or movement along a shaft axis.
A cap having a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface, is affixed to the housing with the housing abutment surface engaging the cap abutment surface. The shaft extends through the cap opening. The cap seal compression surface is pressed against the seal compelling the seal against the seal compression surface to sealing engage the housing engagement surface against the sealing surface. The device provides passage means from the housing engagement surface to at least one of the cap exterior or the housing exterior and removed from the cap abutment surface and the housing abutment surface.
The method further comprises the step of operating such device such that fluid from the housing engagement surface is directed to the exterior of the cap or the exterior of the housing and away from the cap abutment surface and the housing abutment surface.
The passage means may take several forms. For example, the passage means may comprise a channel in at least one of the housing or cap. Or, the passage means may be incorporated in the seal. A preferred seal has a flexible section and a seal compression pad. The flexible section is for engaging the housing engagement surface. The seal compression pad has less flexibility than the flexible section to compress said flexible section against said seal compression surface. A channel is provided in the seal compression pad to direct fluids to the exterior of the housing or cap. Where the housing is a pump or valve housing, embodiments of the present invention prevent major damage in the event seals leak.
A further embodiment of the present invention is directed to a seal for use in a device for producing or conveying fluids under pressure. The seal comprises a seal body constructed and arranged to be received in a bore opening of a housing. The housing has a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening. The chamber is for containing fluid under pressure. The bore opening extends from the cap abutment surface to the chamber. The bore opening also has a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface. The cap abutment surface surrounds the bore opening for receiving a cap. The seal body has a seal opening for receiving a shaft extending axially there-through. The shaft has a shaft axis and is constructed and arranged to be mounted in the seal opening of the seal for rotation about the shaft axis or movement along a shaft axis. The seal body has a housing engagement surface, a seal pad and a seal surface. The housing engagement surface is constructed and arranged for engaging the housing seal compression surface. The seal surface, upon axial compression of the seal body against the seal compression surface, sealing engages the sealing surface of the bore opening. The seal further comprises a cap pad affixed to the seal body. The cap pad has a cap pad opening constructed and arranged to cooperate with the seal body opening. The cap pad has a rigidity greater than the rigidity of the seal body to convey compressive force to the seal body. The cap pad has a cap engaging surface for receiving a cap seal compression surface of a cap. The cap has a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface. The cap is constructed and arranged to be affixed to the housing with the housing abutment surface engaging the cap abutment surface and the shaft extending through said cap opening. The cap seal compression surface is pressed against the cap engaging surface compelling the seal surface to engage said housing engagement surface against the sealing surface. The seal further comprises passage means for receiving and conveying fluid from the housing engagement surface to at least one of the cap exterior or the housing exterior and away from said cap abutment surface and said housing abutment surface.
A preferred passage means is at least one channel in the cap engaging surface.
Embodiments of the present invention provide a defined path for fluids which leak past seal surfaces and prevent the build up of pressure between parts of pumps and valve assemblies. This build up of pressure can result is miss-aligned parts and components which parts and components may be subject to stresses which they can not withstand or result in wear.
These and other features and advantages will be apparent to those skilled in the art upon viewing the drawings and the detailed description that follow.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 depicts, in cross section, a device incorporating features of the present invention.
FIG. 2 depicts, in cross section, the pump assembly of a device depicted in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 depicts, in cross section, a seal incorporating features of the present invention.
FIG. 4 depicts an angled view of the seal depicted in FIG. 3.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with respect to the Figures with the understanding that the embodiments described are preferred embodiments. For example, without limitation, the following discussion will describe a pump assembly with the understanding that the invention applies to valves and other fittings as well.
Turning now to FIG. 1, a device, in the form of a pump, generally designated by the numeral 11 is depicted. The device 11 has a housing 13, a seal 15, a cap 17, shaft 19 and passage means 21 a, 21 b, and 21 c as best seen in FIG. 2. Returning now to FIG. 1, device 11, as a pump, produces fluids under pressure. However, features of device 11 may be modified such that the device could direct fluids to different fluid paths in the nature of a valve or fitting.
The housing 13 is part of a pump assembly 25 having a motor 27 and spindle mechanism 29. Those skilled in the art will recognize that housing 13 could be described as a housing for a valve [not shown] in which the spindle mechanism 29 would normally comprise suitable gearing and the like. As depicted, spindle mechanism 29 is mechanically linked to a shaft 19.
Housing 13 is depicted in greater detail in FIG. 2. Housing 13 has a housing exterior 31, a cap abutment surface 33, a chamber 35 and a bore opening 37. The cap abutment surface 33 comprises an area of the housing 13, separate from the exterior 31, surrounding the bore opening 37, for receiving a cap 17. The housing 13 has a cap recess 39 to align the cap 17.
Chamber 35 is for containing fluid under pressure. As a pump, the shaft 19 moves in and out of the chamber 35 causing fluids to move. As a valve, it would be more common that the shaft 19 rotate and turn a rotor [not shown] fitted to a stator [not shown]. As depicted, chamber 35 has an inlet 43 and an outlet 41 for receiving and discharging fluids.
Bore opening 37 extends from the cap abutment surface 33 to the chamber 35. Bore opening 37 may be substantially contiguous with chamber 35. Bore opening 37 has a sealing surface 45 and at least one housing seal compression surface 47. Sealing surface 45 is for creating a seal between the housing 13 and seal 15. Housing seal compression surface 47 is for creating a compressive force on the seal 15 which will compel the seal 15 against the sealing surface 45.
Seal 15 is held in the bore opening 37. As best seen in FIGS. 3 and 4, the seal 15 has a seal opening 49 and a housing engagement surface 51. The seal opening 49 receives shaft 19 extending axially there-through. The surface of the seal opening 49 sealing engages the shaft to prevent fluid from escaping the chamber 35. The housing engagement surface 51 sealing engages the sealing surface 45 of the bore opening 37 upon axial compression of the seal 15 against the housing seal compression surface 47.
Seal 15 has a seal body 55 and a seal compression pad 57. The seal body 55 is a flexible section that engages the sealing surface 45 of the bore opening 37. The seal body 55 has a canted coil spring 59. Canted coiled spring 59 creates radial force directed inward and outward upon compression of the seal 15 against the housing seal compression surface 47. This radial force facilitates the sealing engagement of the housing engagement surface 51 with the sealing surface 45 of the housing 13. However, seal 15, holding pressure up to 15,000 psi, may fail. Upon failure, the fluid leaks to areas of the pump until an outlet is reached, or if confronted with a sealed area, the fluids will build up pressure. However, the pressure may build in areas of the device 11 which are pressure sensitive.
Seal compression pad 57 has less flexibility than seal body 55 to compress the seal body 55 against the housing seal compression surface 47. The seal compression pad 57 is made of plastic, such as, by way example, without limitation, polyethylene ether ketone, (PEEK). The seal body 55 is made of rubber or rubber-like materials. The seal compression pad 57 has a cap engaging surface 61 for engaging the cap 17. It will be recognized by those skilled in the art, that the seal compression pad 57 may represent a area of a seal body that is more rigid than sections of the seal body performing sealing functions. That is, the seal cap 57 may be integral with the seal body 55.
Returning now to FIG. 2, shaft 19 has a shaft axis 63 extending lengthwise along the shaft. The shaft 19 is generally cylindrical and shaft 19 and seal 15 are constructed and arranged such that shaft 19 fits seal opening 49. Shaft 19 is mounted in the seal opening 49 of the seal 15 for rotation about said shaft axis 63 or reciprocating movement along a shaft axis 63.
Cap 17 has a cap exterior 67, housing abutment surface 69, a cap opening 71 and a cap seal compression surface 73. The cap exterior 67 is that part of the cap 17 other than housing abutment surface 69, cap opening 71 and cap seal compression surface 73. Cap 17 is affixed to the housing 13 with the housing abutment surface 69 engaging the cap abutment surface 33. The relationship of the housing 13 to the cap 17 is important. The cap 17 is secured to other components as depicted in FIG. 1. Misalignment of the cap 17 with the housing 13 may cause extreme wear of moving components and may alter the shape of components not designed for pressure.
Returning now to FIG. 2, shaft 19 extends through the cap opening 71. Cap seal compression surface 73 is pressed against the seal 15 at the cap engaging surface 61 of the seal compression pad 57. The seal 15 is compelled against the seal compression surface 47 by the seal compression pad 57 to sealing engage the housing engagement surface 51 against the sealing surface 45.
Device 11 has passage means 21 for receiving and conveying fluid from the housing engagement surface 51 to at least one of the cap exterior 67 or the housing exterior 31 and away from the cap abutment surface 33 and the housing abutment surface 69. Passage means 21 may take several forms. For example, without limitation, one embodiment of passage means 21 is at least one channel 21 b in a cap engaging surface 61 of the seal 15, and in particular, the seal compression pad 57 as best seen in FIG. 4.
In the alternative, channels [not shown] can be provided in the cap seal compression surface 72 of the cap 17. As a further alternative, returning again to FIG. 2, passage means 21 is a channel 21 b in the housing 13. As a further alternative, a channel 21 c is provided in the cap 17.
Embodiments of the present device prevent critical wear and damage to parts of a valve and/or pump or other fluid containing device in the event of a seal failure. These advantages and features may be realized with a seal 15 having a seal body 55 having channels 21 a in a cap engaging surface 61 for pumps, valves and fittings.
Embodiments of the present invention directed to a method are discussed herein with respect to the manner of operation. One method of the present invention is directed to a method of producing or conveying fluids under pressure. The method comprises the steps of providing a device 11 having a housing 13 having a housing exterior 31, cap abutment surface 33, a chamber 35 and a bore opening 37. The chamber 35 is for containing fluid under pressure. The cap abutment surface 33 comprising an area separate from the housing exterior 31 and surrounding the bore opening 37 for receiving a cap 17. The bore opening 37 extends from the cap abutment surface 33 to the chamber 35 and has a sealing surface 45 and at least one housing seal compression surface 47. The device further comprises a seal 15 held in the bore opening 37. The seal 15 has a seal opening 49 and a housing engagement surface 51. The seal opening 49 receives a shaft 19 extending axially there through. The seal 15 sealing engages the housing engagement surface 51 against the sealing surface 45 upon axial compression of the seal 15 against the seal compression surface 47. The device 11 further comprises a shaft 19 having a shaft axis 63 and mounted in the seal opening 49 of the seal 15 for rotation about the shaft axis 63 or movement along a shaft axis 63, for example a reciprocating inward and outward movement. The device 11 further has a cap 17 having a cap exterior 67, housing abutment surface 69, a cap opening 71 and a cap seal compression surface 73. The cap 17 is affixed to the housing 13 with the housing abutment surface 69 engaging the cap abutment surface 33 and the shaft 19 extending through the cap opening 71. The cap seal compression surface 73 presses against the seal 15 compelling the seal 15 against the seal compression surface 47 to sealing engage the housing engagement surface 51 against said sealing surface 45.
The device 11 further has passage means 21 a, 21 b or 21 c from the housing engagement surface 51 to at least one of the cap exterior 67 or the housing exterior 31 and removed from the cap abutment surface 33 and the housing abutment surface 69.
The method further comprises the step of operating the device 11 such that fluid from the housing engagement surface 51 is directed to the cap exterior 67 or the housing exterior 31 and away from the cap abutment surface 33 and the housing abutment surface 69.
The method of the present invention can be performed by providing a device 11 or providing a seal 15 in a device 11. One further embodiment of the present invention is directed to such a seal 15. The seal 15 comprises a seal body 55 constructed and arranged to be received in a bore opening 37 of a housing 13. The bore opening 37 and the housing are as described previously. The seal body 55 has a seal opening 49 for receiving a shaft 19 extending axially there-through. The shaft 19 is a previously described. The seal body 55 has a housing engagement surface 51 for engaging the housing seal compression surface 47 of the housing 13 upon axial compression of the seal body 55. The seal 15 further comprises a cap pad 57 affixed to the seal body 55 or integral with the seal body 55. The cap pad 57 has the seal opening 49 extending there through for receiving the shaft 19. The cap pad 57 has a rigidity greater than the rigidity of said seal body 55 to convey compressive force to the seal body 55. The cap pad 57 has a cap engaging surface 61 for receiving a cap seal compression surface 73 of a cap 17. The features of the cap 17 are as previously described. And, such seal 15 comprising passage means 21 a for receiving and conveying fluid from the housing engagement surface 51 to at least one of the cap exterior 67 or the housing exterior 31 and away from the cap abutment surface 33 and the housing abutment surface 69.
A preferred passage means is at least one channel 21 a in the cap engaging surface 61.
Thus, while the preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described with respect to the Figures, those skilled in the art will recognize that the present invention is capable of being modified and altered without departing from the teaching of the present application. Therefore, the present invention should not be limited to the precise details herein but should encompass the subject matter of the following claims.

Claims (22)

1. A device for producing or conveying fluids under pressure comprising:
a.) a housing having a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening, said cap abutment surface comprising an area of the housing separate from said exterior surrounding said bore opening for receiving a cap, said chamber for containing fluid under pressure and said bore opening extending from said cap abutment surface to said chamber and having a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface;
b. a seal held in said bore opening, said seal having a seal opening and a housing engagement surface, said seal opening for receiving a shaft extending axially there-through, said seal sealing engaging said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface upon axial compression of the seal against said seal compression surface;
c.) a shaft having a shaft axis and mounted in the seal opening of said seal for rotation about said shaft axis or movement along a shaft axis;
d.) a cap having a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface, said cap affixed to said housing with said housing abutment surface engaging said cap abutment surface and said shaft extending through said cap opening and said cap seal compression surface pressed against said seal compelling said seal against said seal compression surface to sealing engage said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface; and,
e.) passage means for receiving and conveying fluid from said housing engagement surface to at least one of said cap exterior or said housing exterior and away from said cap abutment surface and said housing abutment surface.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said passage means is a channel in at least one of said housing or cap.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein said seal has a body section and a cap pad, said body section for engaging said housing engagement surface and a cap pad having less flexibility than said bold section to compress said body section against said housing seal compression surface.
4. The device of claim 3 wherein said cap pad has a cap engaging surface.
5. The device of claim 4 wherein said passage means is at least one channel in said cap engaging surface.
6. The device of claim 4 wherein said passage means is at least one channel in said seal compression surface.
7. The device of claim 1 wherein said housing is a pump housing.
8. The device of claim 1 wherein said housing is a valve housing.
9. The device of claim 1 wherein said shaft rotates.
10. The device of claim 1 wherein said shaft reciprocates axially in the housing.
11. A method of producing or conveying fluids under pressure comprising the steps of:
providing a device having
a.) a housing having a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening, said chamber for containing fluid under pressure, said cap abutment surface comprising an area separate from said housing exterior and surrounding said bore opening for receiving a cap, said bore opening extending from said cap abutment surface to said chamber and having a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface;
b. a seal held in said bore opening, said seal having a seal opening and a housing engagement surface, said seal opening for receiving a shaft extending axially there through, said seal sealing engaging said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface upon axial compression of the seal against said housing seal compression surface;
c.) a shaft having a shaft axis and mounted in the seal opening of said seal for rotation about said shaft axis or movement along a shaft axis;
d.) a cap having a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface, said cap affixed to said housing with said housing abutment surface engaging said cap abutment surface and said shaft extending through said cap opening and said cap seal compression surface pressed against said seal compelling said seal against said housing seal compression surface to sealing engage said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface; and,
e.) passage means from said housing engagement surface to at least one of said cap exterior or said housing exterior and removed from said cap abutment surface and said housing abutment surface; and,
operating said device such that fluid from said housing engagement surface is directed to the exterior of the cap or the exterior of said housing and away from said cap abutment surface and said housing abutment surface.
12. The method of claim 11 wherein said passage means is a channel in at least one of said housing or cap.
13. The method of claim 11 wherein said seal has a body section and a cap pad, said body section for engaging said housing engagement surface and said cap pad having less flexibility than said body section to compress said body section against said housing seal compression surface.
14. The method of claim 13 wherein said cap pad has a cap engaging surface.
15. The method of claim 14 wherein said passage means is at least one channel in said cap engaging surface.
16. The method of claim 14 wherein said passage means is at least one channel in said seal compression surface.
17. The method of claim 11 wherein said housing is a pump housing.
18. The method of claim 11 wherein said housing is a valve housing.
19. The method of claim 11 wherein said shaft rotates.
20. The method of claim 11 wherein said shaft reciprocates axially in the housing.
21. A seal for use in a device for producing or conveying fluids under pressure said seal comprising:
a seal body constructed and arranged to be received in a bore opening of a housing, said housing having a housing exterior, cap abutment surface, a chamber and a bore opening, said chamber for containing fluid under pressure and said bore opening extending from said cap abutment surface to said chamber and having a sealing surface and at least one housing seal compression surface, said cap abutment surface apart from said housing exterior and surrounding said bore opening for receiving a cap, said seal body having a seal opening, said seal opening for receiving a shaft extending axially there-through, said shaft having a shaft axis and mounted in the seal opening of said seal for rotation about said shaft axis or movement along a shaft axis, said seal body having a housing engagement surface, a seal pad and a seal surface, said housing engagement surface for engaging said housing seal compression surface and said seal surface upon axial compression of the seal body against said seal compression surface sealing engaging said sealing surface of said bore opening;
a cap pad affixed to said seal body and having a cap pad opening cooperation with said seal body opening, said cap pad having a rigidity greater than the rigidity of said seal body to convey compressive force to said seal body, said cap pad having cap engaging surface for receiving a cap seal compression surface of a cap, said cap having a cap exterior, housing abutment surface, a cap opening and a cap seal compression surface, said cap for affixing to said housing with said housing abutment surface engaging said cap abutment surface and said shaft extending through said cap opening and said cap seal compression surface pressed against said cap engaging surface compelling said seal surface to engage said housing engagement surface against said sealing surface;
and passage means for receiving and conveying fluid from said housing engagement surface to at least one of said cap exterior or said housing exterior and away from said cap abutment surface and said housing abutment surface.
22. The seal of claim 21 wherein said passage means is at least one channel in said cap engaging surface.
US11/573,742 2004-08-18 2005-08-17 Defined lead path for high pressure seal Active US7665480B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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US60237604P true 2004-08-18 2004-08-18
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US8176932B2 (en) 2012-05-15
JP2008510935A (en) 2008-04-10
JP5244388B2 (en) 2013-07-24
DE112005001978B4 (en) 2014-01-16
DE112005001978T5 (en) 2007-07-12
GB0703662D0 (en) 2007-04-04
WO2006023526A2 (en) 2006-03-02
US20080110515A1 (en) 2008-05-15
GB2434189A (en) 2007-07-18
US20100108164A1 (en) 2010-05-06
WO2006023526A3 (en) 2009-06-11
GB2434189B (en) 2009-04-01

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