US756613A - Shipping-package. - Google Patents

Shipping-package. Download PDF

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Publication number
US756613A
US756613A US8523601A US1901085236A US756613A US 756613 A US756613 A US 756613A US 8523601 A US8523601 A US 8523601A US 1901085236 A US1901085236 A US 1901085236A US 756613 A US756613 A US 756613A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pail
stays
receptacle
flange
shipping
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Expired - Lifetime
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US8523601A
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Henry C Finley
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Henry C Finley
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D3/00Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines
    • B65D3/10Rigid or semi-rigid containers having bodies or peripheral walls of curved or partially-curved cross-section made by winding or bending paper without folding along defined lines characterised by form of integral or permanently secured end closure

Description

PATENTBD APR. 5, 1904.
H. C. PINLEY.
SHIPPING PACKAGE.
APPLICATION PILE I0 10mn.. D DB0- 9. 1901.
.wma
UNTTnD STATES Patented April 5, 1904.
HENRY C. FINLEY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SHIPPING-PACKAGE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 756,613, dated April 5, 1904. Applieeaeu filed Deeember 9,1901.v serial No. 85,236. me model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, HENRY C. FINLEY, acitizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shipping-Packages; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specication.
The invention relates to shipping-packages, and more particularly to a pail designed for shipping tobacco, confections,.and other light goods. Heretofore pails for such purposes have been the ordinary wooden pail comprising a bottom and a plurality of vertical staves secured thereto in a familiar manner. A cover readily removable is usually used to close such pails, and it is practically impossible to discover if the pail has been opened and the contents partly removed until the same reaches its destination. Furthermore, the cost and weight of such packages add considerably to the expense to the consumer. Furthermore, when such pailshave been manufactured and stored the material shrinks, thus permitting the pails to fall down or the joints to loosen, adding' largely to the expense for repairs.
rIhe object of my invention is to provide a very light and strong receptacle,so constructed as to render it impossible for the contents thereof to be tampered with without discovery.
The invention consists of the matters hereinafter described, and more fully pointed out and defined in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure l is a side elevation of a device embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail illustrating the manner of applying the top head and showing in section the head in place preparatory to crimping down. Fig. 5 is a similar section showing the flange of the head crimped into its locking position. Fig. 6 is a fragmentary detail illustrating the manner of attaching the side members and stays to the' bottom.
Fig. 7 is a detail of a modified construction of the top hoop and cover.
In said drawings, A indicates a head of sheet metal or other suitable material, which is pressed and formed to provide the upwardly: extending peripheral flange e and a lateral fiange a', integral with the upwardly-directed fiange. The central or depressed portion of said head is of a diameter equal to the inner diameter of the top of the pail, and the length of the flange a is suflicient to extend ,beyond the sides of the pail.Y
B indicates a bottom, likewise of pressed metal or other suitable material, provided with a downwardly turned peripheral flange Said bottom is of a diameter equal to that of the interior of the proposed pail at the bottom.
. Cindicates the side wall of the pail, which, as shown, is formed of a single piece of flexible material cut to a desired shape and bent to the form of a frustum cone having the ends or bases thereof equal in size to the respective heads. The edges of said side piece may be secured together in any desired manner, and stays,preferably of metal, extend longitudinally of said side wall, as indicated by c in said figures, one of said stays covering the side joint. Said stays are of sufcient length to extend beyond the bottom of said side wall, as indicated in Fig. 6, and are rigidly secured along their entire length by stapling or other desired means. The hoops 02 c3 cAL c5, of veneered metal or other desired Inaterial,`are secured around the pail-body, as shown in Figs. l and 2, and are likewise stapled permanently thereto.
Into the smaller end or bottom of the pai-lbody thus formed is inserted thebottom B, with the flange directed downwardly. The extended or protruding ends of the stays c are then turned upwardly and rivets, staples, or other desired fastening means secured through and through the bottom hoop c2, stays o', the side' wall B of the vessel, the flange of the bottom, and the upturned end of the stay, as shown in Fig. 6, thereby securely locking the bottom of the receptacle in position. If desired, a handle orl bail D may be provided and secured at its ends in staples d, which-extend through the top hoop and through the top of stay o', also through an inner strengtheningband E, which extends around the top of the sis pail on the inside thereof ata suiiicient distance below the top to support the depressed part of the cover A, as shown in Fig. 2. Said inner vstay or strengthening-band is stapled through the side wall and hoop 05, before described. The receptacle Vis now ready for lilling, and any desired non-fluid contents may be placed therein. The top or cover A is then inserted in position on the top of the pail resting on the strengthening-band E,with the flange a projecting laterally'beyond the hoop c5. A crimping or 4seaming tool may then be run around the top of the pail, bending the edges of said flange ce inwardly, as shown in Figs. 2 and 5, and forcing the same partly into the top hoop, thereby firmly locking said cover in position and rendering it impossible to displace the same without material injury to the pail.
The operation is as follows: The pail may obviously be of veneer, strawboard, felt or pulp, or any other desired material, or, if of metal, maybe entirely without soldering or the application of heat. The construction is obviously very light. The contents when placed therein are thoroughly protected by the relatively thin side walls which, if preferred, may be corrugated longitudinally to increase the resiliency of the same. The stays o are rigidly secured along the entire length of the pail-body and through two of which the staples d, in which the handle or bail is secured, as shown in Figs. l and 2, pass under vthe bottom of the pail, thus carrying the entire strain on the bail to the bottom of the pail and obviating any tendency for the bail to pull out. If preferred, the hoops or bails may be constructed of metal, as shown in Fig. 7, in which case the top hoop (indicated by 0") is provided along its upper edge with an integral flange adapted to be turned over with the iiange of the cover to form a lockseam, thus closing the cover eectually against removal except with a proper tool.
Obviously any desired material may be used in constructing the receptacles or any part thereof, and I do not desire to be restricted to any particular material.
Obviously details of construction may be modified witho ut departing from the principle of my invention.
I claim as my inventionl. A receptacle having aresilient one-piece vside wall, a bottom provided with a downwardly-turned fiange adapted to fit closely within the side wall, stays extending longitudinally of said side wall and rigidly secured thereto having the lower ends thereof turned inwardly and upwardly against said bottom, a plurality of hoops, staples engaging through the lower hoop, wall stay and flange adapted to hold them in close contact, a metallic cover and an inturned flange thereon adapted to engage in the upper hoop and rigidly hold the cover thereon.
2. A receptacle having a one-piece tapered body portion of light resilient material, metallic stays extending longitudinally thereof and rigidly stapled thereto, bands extending around said receptacle and also stapled thereto, one of said bands being near the top and another near the bottom thereof, a bottom provided with a downwardly-turned ange fitting closely in the lower end o f said receptacle, the ends of said stays being bent upwardly over the lower margin of the bottom and over said iiange, said stays, bottom and bottom band being rigidly stapled together and a metallic head fitting in the top of said receptacle provided with a peripheral flange adapted to be crimped over into engagement with the top band, the edges of said flange being engaged in the side of the band and acting to hold the cover in closed position.
3. A receptacle having a one-piece tapered body portion of light resilient material, me-
tallic stays extending longitudinally thereof and rigidly stapled thereto, bands extending around said receptacle and also stapledlthereto, one of said bands being near the top and another near the bottom thereof, a bottom provided with a downwardly-turned iange itting closely in the lower end of said receptacle, the ends of said stays being bent upwardly over the lower margin of the bottom and over said ange, said stays, bottom and bottom band being rigidly stapled together, a metallic head fitting in the top of said receptacle provided with a peripheral flange adapted to be crimped over and laterally inserted into engagement with the top band and a bail stapled at its ends through the top flange and stays. side wall, and an inner stay.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto sub-Q scribed my name in the presence of two sub- IOO
US8523601A 1901-12-09 1901-12-09 Shipping-package. Expired - Lifetime US756613A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2418367A (en) * 1944-06-09 1947-04-01 Pulvers Joseph Container and closure therefor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2418367A (en) * 1944-06-09 1947-04-01 Pulvers Joseph Container and closure therefor

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