US7556411B2 - Flickerless light source - Google Patents

Flickerless light source Download PDF

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Publication number
US7556411B2
US7556411B2 US11/773,987 US77398707A US7556411B2 US 7556411 B2 US7556411 B2 US 7556411B2 US 77398707 A US77398707 A US 77398707A US 7556411 B2 US7556411 B2 US 7556411B2
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light source
emitting diode
light emitting
light
coupler
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US20090009994A1 (en
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Rong-Yaw Wu
Ai-Lan Hsu
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Pixon Tech Corp
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Pixon Tech Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/0001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/27Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with two fittings for each light source, e.g. for substitution of fluorescent tubes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/60Optical arrangements integrated in the light source, e.g. for improving the colour rendering index or the light extraction
    • F21K9/61Optical arrangements integrated in the light source, e.g. for improving the colour rendering index or the light extraction using light guides
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V21/00Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips
    • F21V21/005Supporting, suspending, or attaching arrangements for lighting devices; Hand grips for several lighting devices in an end-to-end arrangement, i.e. light tracks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V2200/00Use of light guides, e.g. fibre optic devices, in lighting devices or systems
    • F21V2200/10Use of light guides, e.g. fibre optic devices, in lighting devices or systems of light guides of the optical fibres type
    • F21V2200/15Use of light guides, e.g. fibre optic devices, in lighting devices or systems of light guides of the optical fibres type the light being emitted along at least a portion of the outer surface of the guide
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V9/00Elements for modifying spectral properties, polarisation or intensity of the light emitted, e.g. filters
    • F21V9/06Elements for modifying spectral properties, polarisation or intensity of the light emitted, e.g. filters for filtering out ultra-violet radiation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2103/00Elongate light sources, e.g. fluorescent tubes
    • F21Y2103/10Elongate light sources, e.g. fluorescent tubes comprising a linear array of point-like light-generating elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/0001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • G02B6/0011Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems the light guides being planar or of plate-like form
    • G02B6/0033Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide
    • G02B6/0035Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide provided on the surface of the light guide or in the bulk of it
    • G02B6/0038Linear indentations or grooves, e.g. arc-shaped grooves or meandering grooves, extending over the full length or width of the light guide
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B6/00Light guides
    • G02B6/0001Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems
    • G02B6/0011Light guides specially adapted for lighting devices or systems the light guides being planar or of plate-like form
    • G02B6/0033Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide
    • G02B6/005Means for improving the coupling-out of light from the light guide provided by one optical element, or plurality thereof, placed on the light output side of the light guide
    • G02B6/0051Diffusing sheet or layer

Abstract

A flickerless light source comprising a transparent or semitransparent diffuser, at least two lightpipes with patterned surfaces inside the diffuser, a single sided LED light source attached to each end of the diffuser, and a dual sided LED light source connecting the lightpipes together is disclosed. The patterned surface of the lightpipes diffuse or reflect light emitted by the single and dual LED light sources and through the lightpipes to provide a light with uniform brightness and intensity. The lightpipes are coated with a thin layer of visible-light transparent material which is doped with organic dye molecules. The organic dye has strong ultraviolet light absorption characteristics. By changing the doping concentration of the dye molecules the coating can become totally opaque or semi-transparent to certain wavelengths and selective wavelength conversion is obtained. In this way light color, brightness, and intensity can be varied or controlled.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a light source. More specifically, the present invention discloses a flickerless light source that is safe to humans, environmentally friendly, and possesses an extremely long lifetime.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Fluorescent lights are a commonly used light source. In a fluorescent light an electric current stimulates mercury atoms. This causes the mercury atoms to release ultraviolet photons which stimulate a phosphor. The stimulated phosphor then emits visible light photons.
Refer to FIG. 1, which is a drawing illustrating a conventional fluorescent light installation. As shown in FIG. 1, a conventional fluorescent light installation 100 consists of a sealed glass tube 110 containing a small amount of mercury and inert gas with a phosphor powder coating on the inside of the glass tube 110. An electrode 120 is situated on both ends of the sealed tube 110. A starter 150 allows current to flow to turn on the fluorescent tube 110.
When alternating current 130 is applied electrons migrate through the gas from one end of the tube 110 to the other. As a result the liquid mercury turns into a gas. Collisions between electrons, charged atoms, and mercury atoms cause the electrons to move to a higher energy level. After a short period of time the electrons will return to their original energy level and release light photons.
Electrons in mercury atoms release light photons in the ultraviolet wavelength range which are not visible to humans. In order to convert the ultraviolet light into visible light the phosphor coating is used to release photons of a lower energy.
While fairly effective, the conventional fluorescent light source has numerous disadvantages. One disadvantage is that it can take several seconds for the fluorescent light to start emitting light.
Another disadvantage is that it is difficult to maintain a stable flow of current through the gas which in some cases can cause the light tube to explode or can destroy other components in the circuit.
Refer again to FIG. 1. In order to control the current, a ballast 140 is used to slow down changes in the current by modulating the current at a low cycle rate. Unfortunately, this causes the light to flicker which is annoying and irritating.
Additionally, the ballast 140 can vibrate at a low frequency which is audible to humans and causes further irritation. Workers in environments using fluorescent light have filed complaints of headaches, eye strain, and general eye discomfort.
Furthermore, disposal of fluorescent light systems is problematic since some of the waste is hazardous. For example, some ballasts contain polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) or 2-ethylhexyl phathatlate (DEHP) which are carcinogens that can cause liver, skin, and reproductive disorders. Also, fluorescent light tubes contain a small quantity of mercury that can be harmful to the environment and to human health.
In order to properly dispose of the fluorescent light systems special care must be taken and special hazardous waste landfills must be used. This is not only expensive and potentially dangerous but also damaging to the environment.
Therefore, there is need for an improved light source to replace fluorescent light systems that is economical, effective, and safe to humans and the environment.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
To achieve these and other advantages and in order to overcome the disadvantages of the conventional method in accordance with the purpose of the invention as embodied and broadly described herein, the present invention provides a flickerless and safe light source which is environmentally friendly.
An object of the present invention is to provide a light source to replace the conventional fluorescent light tube. The flickerless light source of the present invention fits in a conventional light fixture so the light fixture does not need to be replaced in order to use the light source of the present invention. The flickerless light source of the present invention replaces fluorescent light tube, tungsten lights, and incandescent light bulbs.
The light source of the present invention comprises a diffuser tube, a lightpipe inside the diffuser tube, and a light emitting diode (LED) light source positioned on one end or on each end of the diffuser tube.
Since the light source of the present invention utilizes LED light sources, the emitted light does not flicker and the light source turns on instantly without delay. Once turned on the light source immediately begins emitting a stable visible light. Not only is the light convenient but workers in the environment no longer suffer from discomfort such as headaches or sore eyes.
Additionally, the light source of the present invention does not contain mercury or other harmful materials making disposal of the light source easy and safe for the environment.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a low power light source that uses little electricity and has a long lifetime. This results in major cost savings for consumers.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a light source with selective wavelength conversion. The lightpipe is coated with a thin layer or layers of visible-light transparent material which is doped with organic dye molecules. The organic dye has strong light absorption characteristics in ultraviolet (UV) wavelength and certain short-wavelength visible spectral regions. In this way, the color or color temperature of the light emitted by the light source can be varied or controlled.
As a result, one type of LED light source can produce different light colors, brightness, intensities, or color temperatures. Therefore, manufacturers or suppliers only need to produce or stock one type of LED light source rather than a wide variety of light sources.
Another advantage of the present invention is that the light source of the present invention isn't pressurized. As a result, the light source of the present invention can't explode like a conventional fluorescent light tube.
The present invention also provides a flickerless light source that comprises a plurality of lightpipes and LED light sources. A double sided LED light source is positioned between each pair of lightpipes and holds the lightpipes together. A single sided LED light source is positioned on both ends of the connected lightpipes. In this way the length of the flickerless light source can be extended or the light intensity of the light source can be increased.
These and other objectives of the present invention will become obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art after reading the following detailed description of preferred embodiments.
It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary, and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a drawing illustrating a conventional fluorescent light installation;
FIG. 2A is a drawing illustrating a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2B is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a drawing illustrating an LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a drawing illustrating a diffuser tube of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5A is a drawing illustrating a lightpipe of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5B is a drawing illustrating a top view of a lightpipe with patterned surface according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5C is a drawing illustrating a side view of a lightpipe with patterned surface according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5D is a drawing illustrating an end view of a lightpipe with patterned surface according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a drawing illustrating an assembly coupler according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a drawing illustrating a light source of the present invention installed in a conventional fluorescent light fixture;
FIG. 8A is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source comprising two lightpipes and dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8B is a drawing illustrating assembled views of the flickerless light source illustrated in FIG. 8A according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8C is a drawing illustrating a first coupler of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8D is a drawing illustrating a second coupler of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8E is a drawing illustrating a heatsink of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8F is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source comprising three lightpipes and two dual sided LED light sources according to an embodiment of the present invention; and
FIGS. 9A and 9B are drawings illustrating an alternative lightpipe shape according to an embodiment of the present invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers are used in the drawings and the description to refer to the same or like parts.
Refer to FIG. 2A, which is a drawing illustrating a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention, and to FIG. 2B, which is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B the flickerless light source 200 comprises a diffuser tube 210, a lightpipe 220 inside the diffuser tube 210, and two LED light sources 230 one on each end of the diffuser tube 210. Each of the LED light sources 230 comprise electrical connectors 235 for allowing power to be applied to the LED light sources 230. A assembly couplers 280 hold the light source assembly together.
Refer to FIG. 3, which is a drawing illustrating an LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention. Each of the LED light sources 230 comprises at least one LED 231, a housing for holding the LED 232, and an electrical connector 235. In some embodiments of the present invention the LED light source further comprises an AC/DC voltage converter inside a portion of the housing 232.
Refer to FIG. 4, which is a drawing illustrating a diffuser tube of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention. The diffuser tube 210 comprises an elongated hollow tube of transparent, semi-transparent, or colored material. The material comprises, for example, plastic, acrylic, butyrate, polycarbonate, PETG, ETFE, or other material with suitable properties.
The diffuser tube 210 acts as a housing around the lightpipe. In embodiments of the present invention where the diffuser tube 210 comprises semitransparent material the diffuser tube 210 diffuses the light emitted from the LED light sources through the lightpipe. In embodiments of the present invention where the diffuser tube 210 comprises colored material the diffuser tube 210 further affects the light's color.
In an embodiment of the present invention the LED light source attaches to the diffuser tube 210. In another embodiment of the present invention the LED light source attaches to the diffuser tube 210 and the lightpipe.
Refer to FIG. 5A, which is a drawing illustrating a lightpipe of a flickerless light source according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5A, the lightpipe 220 comprises an elongated bar of transparent or semi-transparent material. The lightpipe 220 comprises a substantially smooth surface 221, two end surfaces 223, and a patterned surface 222. In some embodiments of the present invention the patterned surface 222 is a light reflecting surface. In some embodiments of the present invention the patterned surface 222 is a light diffusing surface.
The patterned surface 222 comprises a plurality of notches, indentations, dimples, curves, or other patterns to reflect, diffuse, or spread light emitted by the LED light sources that travels from the end surfaces 223 through the lightpipe 220. The pattern on the patterned surface 222 allows the light emitted by the flickerless light source to have a uniform quality and intensity throughout the length of the light source.
In application, power is supplied to the LED light sources via the electrical connectors. The LEDs in the LED light sources turn on and emit light into the lightpipe through the end surfaces of the lightpipe. The light travels through the lightpipe and is emitted from the patterned surface of the lightpipe or reflected by the patterned surface of the lightpipe and emitted from the smooth surface of the lightpipe.
Refer to FIG. 5B, which is a drawing illustrating a top view of a lightpipe with light diffusing surface according to an embodiment of the present invention, to FIG. 5C, which is a drawing illustrating a side view of a lightpipe with light diffusing surface according to an embodiment of the present invention, and to FIG. 5D, which is a drawing illustrating an end view of a lightpipe with light diffusing surface according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 5B, FIG. 5C, and FIG. 5D the patterned surface 222 of the lightpipe 220 comprises a pattern to reflect or diffuse light. In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 5B and 5C the pattern comprises a series of notches that are shallow indentations 222A on the ends of the lightpipe 220 and gradually increase in depth to become peaked notches 222B in the middle of the lightpipe 220. The pattern of the patterned surface 222 in this embodiment provides an optimal pattern to uniformly diffuse or reflect the light. Since the ends 223 of the lightpipe 220 are closer to the LED light sources more diffusion or reflection is needed. Further away from the LED light sources less diffusion or reflection is needed.
In other embodiments of the present invention other types of patterns for the patterned surface are used. For example, in an embodiment of the present invention only one LED light source is used. Therefore, the pattern comprises a gradually increasing notch depth from the end of the lightpipe nearest the LED light source to the end of the lightpipe the farthest away from the LED light source.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the pattern comprises elevated peaks that extend above the surface of the lightpipe. Unlike embodiments of the present invention comprising a pattern indented into the surface of the lightpipe, in this embodiment the pattern extends above the other surface of the lightpipe.
In another embodiment of the present invention the pattern on the patterned surface comprises a plurality of round dimples. Towards the end or ends of the lightpipe the dimples are small and increase in size towards the middle of the lightpipe. In another embodiment of the present invention the dimples vary in depth.
Refer to FIG. 6, which is a drawing illustrating an assembly coupler according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In order to hold the light source assembly together, in some embodiments of the present invention an assembly coupler 280 is utilized. The assembly coupler 280 comprises a plurality of lightpipe tabs 281 and a plurality of LED light source tabs 282. When assembled the lightpipe is gripped by the inside of the lightpipe tabs 281 and the LED light sources are gripped by the LED light source tabs. The diffuser tube fits snuggly to the outer wall of the lightpipe tabs 281. While gripping the lightpipe the assembly coupler positions the lightpipe in the center of the diffuser tube and away from the walls of the diffuser tube.
In other embodiments of the present invention other means are used to hold the light source assembly together. For example, in an embodiment of the present invention the housing of the LED light source comprises a circular flange for holding the lightpipe and an extending wall for snuggly attaching to the diffuser tube.
Refer to FIG. 7, which is a drawing illustrating a light source of the present invention installed in a conventional fluorescent light fixture.
As shown in FIG. 7, the flickerless light source 310 of the present invention can be installed in a conventional light fixture. In this embodiment an AC/DC converter 320 converts the alternating current supplied by the power source 330 into direct current. The direct current is applied to the electrical connectors of the light source and the light source 310 turns on.
Refer to FIG. 8A, which is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source comprising two lightpipes and dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention and to FIG. 8B, which is a drawing illustrating assembled views of the flickerless light source illustrated in FIG. 8A according to an embodiment of the present invention.
As shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B, in embodiments of the present invention the flickerless light source 200 comprises a plurality of lightpipes 220. In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 8A and 8B the flickerless light source comprises two lightpipes 220. A single sided LED light source 230 is positioned on each end of the connected lightpipes 220. A dual sided LED light source 840 provides light to both lightpipes 220 and holds the two lightpipes 220 together. Power is supplied to the dual sided LED light source 840 by, for example, power cables or wires that run inside the diffuser tube 210 and are not visible when the flickerless light source 200 is assembled.
Refer to FIG. 8C, which is a drawing illustrating a first coupler of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention, to FIG. 8D, which is a drawing illustrating a second coupler of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention, and to FIG. 8E, which is a drawing illustrating a heatsink of a dual sided LED light source according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The dual sided LED light source 840 comprises a first coupler 841, a second coupler 844, a heatsink 843, and two LEDs 842. One LED 842 is positioned inside the first coupler 841 and one LED 842 is positioned inside the second coupler 844. The heatsink 843 provides a barrier between the two LEDs 842 and is position between the first coupler 841 and the second coupler 844. The first coupler 841 and the second coupler 844 comprise attaching means 849, for example, pins, holes, tabs, or slots that mate in order to hold the dual sided LED light source 840 together.
The first coupler 841 and second coupler 844 further comprise tabs 845 that grasp the end of each lightpipe 220. In this way the lightpipes 220 are connected together.
The first coupler 841 and the second coupler 842 further comprise holes 846 that permit light emitted from the LEDs 842 to enter the lightpipes 220. Light from the LED 842 in the first coupler 841 enters the first lightpipe 220 and light from the LED 842 in the second coupler 844 enters the second lightpipe 220. Light from the single sided LED light sources 230 provide light through both ends of the connected lightpipes 220.
Refer to FIG. 8F, which is a drawing illustrating an exploded view of a flickerless light source comprising three lightpipes and two dual sided LED light sources according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 8F the flickerless light source 200 of the present invention comprises three lightpipes 220. In order to provide light to the three lightpipes 220 and connect the lightpipes 220 together two dual sided LED light sources 840 are utilized. One dual sided LED light source 840 is positioned between the first and second lightpipes 220 and a second dual sided LED light source 840 is positioned between the second and third lightpipes 220.
In other embodiments of the present invention more lightpipes and dual sided LED light sources are used. Using more lightpipes extends the length of the flickerless light source. Also, using shorter lightpipes and more dual sided LED light sources increases the intensity of the flickerless light source.
In an embodiment of the present invention the first and second coupler of the dual sided LED light source are held together by mating with the heatsink rather than mating together.
It should be noted that the attaching means of the couplers are illustrated as hooked tabs. However, in other embodiments of the present invention other attaching means are utilized, for example, sleeves, screws, or pins that mate with the lightpipe.
Refer to FIG. 9A and FIG. 9B, which are drawings illustrating an alternative lightpipe shape according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In embodiments of the present invention the shape of the lightpipe 220 is an alternative shape to the shape illustrated in FIGS. 1-8. In the previous embodiments the lightpipe is primarily a round cylinder except for the patterned surface. In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 9A and 9B the shape of the lightpipe 220 is polygonal.
By changing the shape of the lightpipe different light characteristics such as, for example, intensity or uniformity are affected.
The present invention also provides a light source with selective wavelength conversion. The lightpipe is coated with a thin layer or layers of visible-light transparent material which is doped with organic dye molecules. The organic dye has strong light absorption characteristics in ultraviolet (UV) wavelength and certain short-wavelength visible spectral regions.
When the coated thin film is irradiated or pumped with light at theses wavelengths (λ1) through the lightpipe, the electrons in the dye molecules jump from the ground state to the excited states at higher energy levels. The dye molecules decay from the excited state to the ground state occurs predominantly through radiative decay. Consequently, the dye molecules radiate very effectively at somewhat longer wavelengths (λ2) than the pump wavelengths (λ1).
By changing the doping concentration of the dye molecules in the thin film the coated thin film can become total opaque or semi-transparent to the pump wavelengths (λ1). In the case of total opaque, the light emitted from the lightpipe through coated thin film will be only at wavelength λ2. In the latter case (semi-transparent) the light emitted from the lightpipe through coated thin film will be a combination spectra of λ12.
As a result, one type of LED light source can produce different light colors, brightness, or intensities. Therefore, manufacturers or suppliers only need to produce or stock one type of LED light source rather than a wide variety of light sources.
For example, if a blue LED light source is used, the doped coating or doped lightpipe can produce a yellow light to be emitted. In order to down-convert, the light source must be a higher energy color, for example, using blue which has higher energy as a light source and green red in the doping since it has lower energy in order to achieve the down-conversion.
In an embodiment of the present invention the outside surface of the lightpipe is doped to provide the selected wavelength conversion.
In another embodiment of the present invention the lightpipe material is doped throughout the material.
In an embodiment of the present invention LED light sources of different colors are used. By changing the doping of the coating a uniform light is emitted.
In an embodiment of the present invention a plurality of LEDs are used in each LED light sources. This provides flexibility in achieving desired light intensity or brightness.
In an embodiment of the present invention each LED light source comprises a blue LED, a red LED, and a green LED.
In an embodiment of the present invention the lightpipe is coated with a reflective coating. The reflective coating further enhances the efficiency of the light source by preventing light from escaping or being emitted from portions of the lightpipe.
In an embodiment of the present invention the power is not consistently applied. As a result the LED is not always on. Since LEDs have a fast response time the LED can be switched on and off in order to save power. In this embodiment the LED is switched on and off at a frequency that is undetectable by the human eye. For example, with an adequate pulse width modulation cycle time function added, the light source turns on and off at a high enough rate to be undetectable while saving power. In an embodiment of the present invention the electrical connector of the LED light source is compatible with a conventional incandescent light bulb fixture. In this embodiment the lightpipe and the diffuser covering the lightpipe cooperate to emit a uniform light. This embodiment provides an effective replacement for the conventional incandescent light bulb. The long lifetime and low power usage of the light source of the present invention far surpasses that of the common light bulb making it more practical and economical.
In an embodiment of the present invention the power supplied to the light source is DC power, for example, from a battery. This allows the light source to be portable or used in locations such as vehicles where DC power is available. In this embodiment an AC/DC converter is not necessary.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made to the present invention without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention. In view of the foregoing, it is intended that the present invention cover modifications and variations of this invention provided they fall within the scope of the invention and its equivalent.

Claims (19)

1. A light source comprising:
a diffuser;
at least two lightpipes inside the diffuser, each lightpipe comprising a patterned surface for diffusing or reflecting light, the patterned surface comprising a series of notches that are shallow indentations on the ends of the lightpipe and gradually increase in depth to become peaked notches in the middle of the lightpipe;
at least one single sided light emitting diode light source attached to an end of at least one of the lightpipes; and
at least one dual sided light emitting diode light source connecting the at least two lightpipes together.
2. The light source of claim 1, where one single sided light emitting diode light source is attached to each outer end of the connected lightpipes.
3. The light source of claim 1, the single sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
at least one light emitting diode;
a housing for holding the at least one light emitting diode; and
an electrical connector for allowing power to be supplied to the at least one light emitting diode from a power source.
4. The light source of claim 1, the lightpipes comprising a coating of visible-light transparent material doped with organic dye molecules.
5. The light source of claim 1, the lightpipes comprising an organic dye coating with ultraviolet light absorption characteristics.
6. The light source of claim 1, the dual sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
a first coupler;
a second coupler; and
at least one light emitting diode in both the first coupler and the second coupler; the first coupler and the second coupler connecting together to form the dual sided light emitting diode light source.
7. The light source of claim 6, the dual sided light emitting diode light source further comprising:
a heatsink positioned between the at least one light emitting diode in the first coupler and the at least one light emitting diode in the second coupler.
8. A light source comprising:
a diffuser;
at least two lightpipes inside the diffuser, the lightpipes comprising patterned surfaces for diffusing or reflecting light, the patterned surfaces comprising a series of notches that are shallow indentations on the ends of the lightpipe and gradually increase in depth to become peaked notches in the middle of the lightpipe;
at least one single sided light emitting diode light source attached to an end of at least one of the lightpipes; and
at least one dual sided light emitting diode light source connecting the at least two lightpipes together.
9. The light source of claim 8, where one single sided light emitting diode light source is attached to each outer end of the connected lightpipes.
10. The light source of claim 8, the single sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
at least one light emitting diode;
a housing for holding the at least one light emitting diode; and
an electrical connector for allowing power to be applied to the at least one light emitting diode from a power source.
11. The light source of claim 8, the lightpipe comprising a coating of visible-light transparent material doped with organic dye molecules.
12. The light source of claim 8, the lightpipe comprising a coating for selective wavelength conversion.
13. The light source of claim 8, the dual sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
a first coupler;
a second coupler; and
at least one light emitting diode in both the first coupler and the second coupler; the first coupler and the second coupler connecting together to form the dual sided light emitting diode light source.
14. The light source of claim 13, the dual sided light emitting diode light source further comprising:
a heatsink positioned between the at least one light emitting diode in the first coupler and the at least one light emitting diode in the second coupler.
15. A light source comprising:
a hollow diffuser tube;
at least two lightpipes inside the hollow diffuser tube, each lightpipe comprising a patterned surface for diffusing light, the patterned surface comprising a series of notches that are shallow indentations on the ends of the lightpipe and gradually increase in depth to become peaked notches in the middle of the lightpipe;
at least one dual sided light emitting diode light source connecting the at least two lightpipes together; and
a single sided light emitting diode light source attached to each outer end of the connected lightpipes.
16. The light source of claim 15, the single sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
at least one light emitting diode;
a housing for holding the at least one light emitting diode; and
an electrical connector for providing power to the at least one light emitting diode from a power source.
17. The light source of claim 15, the lightpipe comprising a coating of visible-light transparent material doped with organic dye molecules.
18. The light source of claim 15, the dual sided light emitting diode light source comprising:
a first coupler;
a second coupler; and
at least one light emitting diode in both the first coupler and the second coupler; the first coupler and the second coupler connecting together to form the dual sided light emitting diode light source.
19. The light source of claim 18, the dual sided light emitting diode light source further comprising:
a heatsink positioned between the at least one light emitting diode in the first coupler and the at least one light emitting diode in the second coupler.
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