US752932A - Rflagazlne-gun - Google Patents

Rflagazlne-gun Download PDF

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US752932A
US752932A US752932DA US752932A US 752932 A US752932 A US 752932A US 752932D A US752932D A US 752932DA US 752932 A US752932 A US 752932A
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Prior art keywords
breech
bolt
barrel
cartridges
magazine
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A17/00Safety arrangements, e.g. safeties
    • F41A17/34Magazine safeties
    • F41A17/38Magazine mountings, e.g. for locking the magazine in the gun

Description

No.veggszj b PATENTED PEB.23,190&
G:H.SN0WL MAGAZINE GUN.
APPLICATION FILED EBB. 7. 1903.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1,
N0 MODEL.
PATENTED FEB. 28,1904.
No. 752,932. l '0. H. SNOW;
y MAGAZINE GUN. APPLIGATIO-NI'ILED FEB. 7, 1903.
N'o MODEL.
No. yzsz. PATENTED PEB. 23, 1904.
o. H SNOW. MAGAZINE GUN."
APPLIGATION FILED FEB.`7.'1903. AN0 M ODEL. 3 SHEETSeSHEET 3.
Q is.,
Unirse enseres Patented February 23, 1904.
CHARLES H. SNOV, OF STOKTGN, 4CALIFORMIA.
MAGAZINEsGiUN SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 752,932, dated February 23, 1904. Application filed February 7,1903. Serial No. 142,254. kllo model.)
ferring the cartridges from the magazine toy the barrel, and closing and locking' the breechbolt after said transfer.
1t also comprises a device for cutting off the suppl)Y ot' cartridges from either or both magazines, means for charging' the magazines, and details oi' construction, which will be more fully explailied b v reference tothe accompanying' drawings, in which Figure l is a longitudinal section on the line r of Fig'. 2, Ishowing' the breech connection closed andthe cartridge in the right magazine. Fig. 2 is plan view, partly in horizontal section. Fig. 3 isa longitudinal section on the line .s .v ot' Fig. 2. VFig'. 11 is a transverse section on line f/ -1/ of Figi 1, showing' the breechbolt between two magazines. Fig. 5 is a transverse section on lineotI Fig. 1. Fig'. (3 is a transverse section on line .fr .rot Fig'. 3. Fig'. 7 isa side elevation of breech-bolt. Fig'. n is a top view of saine. Fig'. S) is a side elevation of injector-plate. Fig. 10 is an end view of same. Fig'. 11 isa bottoni view ot' cam. Fig. 12 a top view ot' same. Fig. 13 is a section of saine. Fig'. ist is a side elevation of same. Fig'. 15 is a sectional detail showing the Inovable rack 26.
As shown in the accompanying drawings, 1 is the barrel of the gun; the "fore end, so called; 3, the magazine into which the eartridges 16 are placed, and 12 is the stock oi the gun.
The magazineis made with two side chainbers and a central channel, above the upper part of which channel breechebolte is slidable,
and within the lower part and behind the cartridge-chamber 18 the guard and operatinglever 6 movable. The upper end ot' the level' 6 is pivoted to the breech-bolt #t near its front, andan equaliying-link 5 is pivoted to the front lower part ot' the magazine, and the opposite end, which is slotted, as shown, is pivoted to the lever at a pointintermediate between its ends.
8 is asafetiY locking-bolthaving'its rear end rl`he slotted connection between the link 5 and the lever 6 allows the lever (3 when iirst moved to open the breech to pulldown upon the link 7 and locking-bolt 8, so as to disengage the locking'diolt from the breech-block before the lever 6 conmiences to retract the breech-block. llhe pin which connects the lever (i with the link 5 slides in the slot in the link during' the iii-st portion of the downward movement oi' the lever and until the lockingbolt is disengaged from the breeclrbolt. At'- ter that, the pin in the lever (5 liaving moved to the front end ot' the slot in the link 5, the latter serves as a Jfulcrum about which the remainder ot' the downward movement Oi the lever is eliected and the breech-bolt is rctraeted.
9 is the hammer of the gun, which is force",I back against the tension of the mainsprii 23 by the rearward movement oi the breedbolt 4, the lower part-ot which engages the head of the hammer, as shown, and when fully retracted it is engaged by the sear of the trigger 10.
The firing-pin is made in sections c, extend* .ing iongitudinally tln'ongh the breech-bolt #i from the rear to the front end, and the rear end of this firing-pin is in line to be struck by the hammer when it falls, the front end being in suchposition as to strike and explode the fulminate of the cartridge when the latter is in the barrel of the gun. The tiring-pin channel is so located that itcrosses the lockingrecess 22 in the lower part of the breech-bolt, and when the safety-lock 8 is withdrawn from the breech-bolt by the opening of the breech mechanism there is no connection between the rear and front p'ortions of the firing-pin, which are permanently located in the breech-bolt, thus presenting no danger of explosion by accidentally striking the rear end of the tiring-pin. When the breech mechanism is closed and the locking-lug 8 of the lock-bolt 8 enters the slot or channel 22, it [ills this channel, and the section a. of the firing-pin which passes through this locking-lug is then brought into line with the parts a of the liring-pin which are in the breech-boltf Under these conditions the sections of the firing-pin are in line with each other, and when the hammer falls upon the rear' end the effect of the blow is communicated through the sections to expiode the cartridge.
The magazine is made, as previously described, with two cartridge-chambcrs 18, l0- cated upon opposite sides oir' the central channel,'witliin whichehannel the lever 6 is adapted to swing, so that the cartridges are out of iinewith the axis of the barrel when in place. At the bottom of each chamber is a carrier 14 and spring l5, upon which. the cartridges are adapted to rest, and the tendency of this spring is to raise them upwardly, so that as fast as the upper one is removed from either chamber the remainder' of the cartridges are raised, so that the upper one is constantly in position to be transferred to the barrel ci' lthe gun by the movement of the breech-action, and when thus transferred -the cartridge-shell lies in a position with the projectile Within the bore 19 of the gun. The spring 15 is secured at the front end by a bolt, as shown at 20, and upon its rear end is acartridge-carrier 14C, upon which the lowermost of the cartridges rest. the others standing, essentially, in avertical piane above the same. The springs 15 are 'movable in Vertical slots, as shown intransverse section. Upon the outer sides of these slots rare movabie racks 26, having teeth on their inner faces, and these are actuated by buttons 26a, which project slightly upon-each side of the magazine, so that they may 'be pressed inwardly by the thumb and finger' of the operator.
This movement forces the toothed inner faces of the catches into line with t ie carriersprings, so that as the cartridges are placed in the chambers and each one presses the next one down the carrier-springs will enthe rackplates,and will thus be prevented from immediately forcing the cartridges out again. VJ hen the magazines are thus filled, the cartridge eut-eti' 13 may be turned so as to prevent any transfer of the cartridges from either of the chambers of the magazine to the barrel of the gun. Under these -conditions single cartridges may be inserted l Whenever the springs, as at 13b.
breech-bolt is retracted and impellcd into the barrel by its forward movement. The tops of the magazine-chamber are closed, shown in transverse section, and the intermediate eenw tral portion is normally closed by the closing of the breech-bolt. Vvlhcn the breech-bolt retracted and the cutoii is turned so as to re lease the cartridges :from one side et' the magazine, they Will be transferred into the barrel by each reciprocation or' the breech-bolt. The cut-oli consists of a turnable milled header thumb-piece, and this carries an irregulariyshaped cam 13. l
13 represents plates pivoted to the front of the breech-bolt and pressed outwardly by Pi ns i3 project upward 5y from the plates 13a and enter the groove of vthe cam. rlhis groove is so shaped that by turning the cam to a certain position both plates 13 will be drawn inward, so as not to project from the sides of the breech-bolt, and when thus retained the bolt may be reciprocated without moving the cartridges from their respective magazine-chain bers. By turning the cam a part of a revolution the pin i3" of one of theplates 13 moves into the wider curve of the cam-groove and the plate may be pressed outward by its spring 13, so that the forward end of the plate wiil he projected into the corresprnding magazine-chamberbe hind a cartridge when the breech-bolt is withdrawn` and When the ibolt is moved forward the plate will engage the uppermost cartridge in the chamber and advance and transfer it toV the barrel, no action taking place in the other magazine. N hen one receiver is exhausted, the cam may be turned a l1alt-r wolution, and this will release'the plate 13 upon the side of the full magazine and retract the opposite one.
To load the arm, the cut-oti 13 is set, as shown, toA release 13, (right.) 13 springpressed, as shown., and as the breech-bolt is withdrawn i3 springs inward until the head of top cartridge is passed. lhen it springs outward and engages in rear or'. head of cartridge and pushes it into the chamber in barrei. This can be released until the right magazine is empty. Then by turning i3 halt-round 15 (left) is released and 13 (right) is closed, and by turning one quarter-round i3(right} 13 (left) are closed and the gun can be used as la single loader. To lill the magazinmthc breechbolt is withdrawn and the carrier ,11i pushed down by the finger, the other hand pressing in one or both knobs onthe toothed racks at the front of the receiver. These racks eng: e the carrier-springs and keep them from push'- ing upward while filling the magazine. A slight pressure on each cartridge,willdepress these springs, and they can be released when the magazines are full by withdrawing pressure from the knobs ci' the toothed racks. The tops or' the magazines are closed, and the cartridges are prevented from rolling out into the magazine by the-curved spring i7, which IOO ILO
ts over the top cartridge and which is raised as the cartridge ispressed from the magazine into thebarrel.
The pieces 13 have a slight projection or bevel outward at fl in front et' the breech-bolt. They fit in suitable slots on each side et the rear ot' the cartridge-chamber. These projections are so beveled that when the parts 13 are projected outward they will stand straight across and properly engage the cartridges to move them forward.
At the rear of each magazine is a suitablycurved end against which the cartridges slide, and to keep them in line v'ith the are described by the carrier-spring the cartridge-heads slide in suitable grooves in the side walls of the magazines. This keeps them in line and prevents any jamming or wedging.
The lextractor 3() is shaped approximately shown in the drawings, and the front end is hook-shaped'andadapted to engage the fiange of the cartridge-head when the latter has been forced into the cartridge-chamber, and when the breech-bolt is again withdrawn this extractor acts to draw the cartridge out of the chamber.
`The ejector is shown at 27 and is a spring. It is of bell-crank shape pivotcd at the angle, with one arm extending' under the lower edge of the cartridge-head, so that while the other is caught by the lever when opening the gun a tension is placed upon the spring, and this, in conjunction with the extractor, acts to throw the cartridge-shell upward and backward and out of the chamber.
The cartridges are guided from their chambers at each side by the convergently-curved front endsof the outer sides of the magazine, as at 3b, and by means of a centrally-pivotcd spring-guide, as at Q8, having' an upwardlyprojecting tin, the cartridges from either magazine are prevented from being forced too far toward the opposite side to enter the cartridge-chamber on that side of the gun.
The lever is held in place and prevented from falling downward when the gun is closed by the spring-pressed catch` at 50, which lits in 'a suitable opening at 50.
Havingthus describedmy invention, what I claim, and desire to secure'by Letters Patent, 1s-
l. The combination with the barrel of a gun, of a plurality of vertically-disposed cartridgemagazines located upon opposite sides of the rear opening of the barrel, carrier-springs by which cartridges contained in said magazines are impelled upwardly, guides by which cartridges from either magazine are directed into the line of the barrel, a reciprocating breechblock, and' actuating mechanism including plates pivotcd upon the front of the breechblock and adapted to engage the uppermost cartridge whereby the cartridges are succes- Sively introduced into the barrel.
2. The combination with the barrel of a gun,
et' a plurality of vertically-disposed cartridgecontaining magazines upon opposlte sides or the central slot, a guard-leveriulcrumcd and able plates pivotally mounted on the front of the breech-bolt, and means for projecting the plates beyond the plane ofthe sides of the bolt and into the path ot' the uppermost cartridges whereby the cartridges are successively engaged by the plates to be impclled into the barrel when the breech-bolt is actuated.
3. The combination with the barrel 0i' a gun of a plurality of vertically-disposed cartridgemagazines located in rear ot' said barrel, carriers and springs by which the cartridges are impelled upwardly, a breech-bolt and springpressed plates carried at each side of the front end thereof, and guides by which the cartridges are successively directed into line with the barrel, a vertical channel through the central portion of the magazine, the breech-bolt slidable above said channel in line with the barrel, a guard-lever having its upper end pivotcd to the breech-bolt, a link pivotcd in the forward part ot' the channel and having its rear end loosely connected with the guard-lever whereby the movement of the latter reciprocates the breech-bolt.
4. The combination with the barrel of agun, of a plurality of vertically-disposed cartridgemagazines upon opposite sides of the axis of the barrel, carrier-springs, and guides whereby the cartridges are directed into the barrel, a vertical channel between the cartrid ge-magazines and a breech-block slidable in line with the barrel above the magazine, and means including a pivotcd plate upon the front end ot' the breech-bolt and means for projecting said plate outwardly. in the path of the uppermost cartridge whereby said cartridge is forced into the barrel, a guard-lever having the upper end pivotcd to the breech-block, a link pivotcd in thefront end of the channel and loosely connected with the guard-lever, a safety lockingbolt having one end pivotcd to the frame and a link connecting the opposite end with the guard-lever, said locking-bolt having a projection and a corresponding recess in the breech-bolt with which said projection engages when the breech' mechanism is closed.
5. A .longitudinally-reciprocating breechbolt axially in line with the barrel, a plurality of cartridge-magazines upon opposite sides, and at the rear of the barrel, a verticalchannel between said magazines, a guard-lever having the upper end connected with the breechbolt, a safety locking-bolt having the rear end pivotcd to the frame. and a spur or projection at the front end, a recess in thc breech-bolt with which said spur engages when the breech is closed, a link connecting the swinging end of the locking-bolt with the guard-lever at a IOO point intermediate between its ends and a'link having the frontend pivoted within the magazine-channel and the reni end slotted with a pin connecting it with the iard-lever whereby the tirst downward movem 'ant of the guardlever disengages the satety-lof:l a1id the continuation ot said movement acts tu reti-act the breech-bolt.
6. Yin a magazine-gun, a vplurality et' vertically-disposed essentially parallel cartridgemagazines located upon opposite sides of the axis of the barrel, carriers and springs by which the cartridges are impelled upward, plates exterior' to the magazines having teeth adapted to engage with the sprinf-impelled carriers and compression-knobs upon each side whereby the toothed plates may be Jforced into line with the carriers to engage and hold them down while the cartridges are being introducedn 7. In a magazine-gun, a plurality of vertically-disposed cartridge-magazines located upon opposite sides oi' the axial line of the barrel, spring-pressed carriers by which the cartridges are raised within the magazines, a reciprocable breech bolt and plates carried thereby and projecting into the magazines., a cutoli' mechanism and operating device whereby either or both the plates may be retracted and the cartridges may be retained in both magazines, or either of them released and loaded inte the barrel.
8. The combination in a magazine-gun of a barrel, a plurality of vcrtically-disposed cartridge-magazines having spring-pressed carriers and located upon opposite sides ofr the axis of the barrel, a reciprocating breech-bolt, a vertical central channel in the magazine and guard-lever and mechanism operating therein whereby the breech -bolt is reeiprocated, spring-pressed plates on the breech-bolt and guides whereby the cartridges are transmitted from the magazines to a position in rear of the barrel, and a centrally-located guiding and spring-actuated lin or guide.
9. Vln a gun, magazines adapted to contain cartridges, a breech-bolt slidable longitudinally in line with the barrel and a laterallymovable plate on the front end thereof with mechanism for projecting the same into the path ot' the uppermostY cartridge said plate adapted totransmit cartridges from the magazine to the barrel., a guard-lever and connections whereby the breech-bolt is reciprocated, a locking device actuated by the movement et' the guard-lever and adapted to lock the breech-bolt when closed, and a sectional tiringpin, part or' which is located in the breechbolt and the other part in the locking-spur.
l0. .ln a magazine-gun, a plurality of magazines located uponopposite sides of the axis ot the barrel, a breech -holt longitudinally slidable in line with the barrel, spring pressed plates pivoted upon'each side of the front of the breech-bolt, means by which either of sald l pl ate upon one plates may be released and projected so toA engage the rear of a cartridge when the breechbolt has been withdrawn, and to impel the eartridge forward when the breech-bolt is returned.
11. ln a magazine-gun, a plurality of cartridge-magazines located upon opposite sides of the axis of the barrel, a breech-bolt longitudinally slidablc in line with the barrel and above the cartridge-magazines, spring-pressed plates piveted to the frontof the breech-bolt, a turnable cam carried by the breech-bolt by which said plates may be retracted flush with the sides of the breech-bolt, or either ot them allowed to project to engage and advance cartridges from either-magazine.
12. lhe combination with the reciprocating breech-bolt of a magazine-gun,- o'l' plates piv oted upon each side at the front of the breech bolt, springs by which said plates are normally projected so as to engage cartridges in magazines upon either side of the breech-bolt,
a cam turnably mounted upon the breech-bolt, projections from the plates into the groove ol' said cam, whereby the turning of the cam to, one position will retract both of said plates, turning it to another position will allow the side to be projected soas to engage and load cartridges upon that side, and the turning of it to a third position will re'- tract the first-named plate and project the; opposite one to engage cartridges upon the opposite side.
13. In a magazine-gun, a plurality of maga zines located upon opposite sides of. the axis and in rear of the barrel, said magazines being closed at 4the top, a centrally-located reciprocating breech-bolt' between 4the -upper part of said magazines and openings whereby cartridges may be delivered from either magazine into the line of the breech-bolt and barrel, concaved spring-plates located in the upper part of each magazine and fitting the top ot' the uppermost cartridge therein to prevent displacement.
14. A gun having a plurality of cartridgeholding magazines located upon opposite sides of the axis of the barrel, a reciprocating breech-bolt movable between said magazines, means by which cartridges may be transferred from either magazine to the front of the breech-bolt and in line with the barrel, an extractor carried by the 'breech-bolt and adapted to engage the upper part of the cartridgeflange, an elastic ejector in the lower part of the breech-block, and a lever by which thev breech-block is reciprocated, said lever being adapted to contact wththe ejector when the breech-block is retracted whereby it acts in unison with the extractor to eject the shell.
l5. 4,ln a gun, a plurality of magazines l0- cated vu pon opposite sides and below the plane of the barrel-axis, means for elevating the cartridges, means including a breech-bolt having laterally-mov able wings pivotall y mounted rob ico
t the front portion for forcing the cartridges the magzinos about a point lomtvd in front from the magazines into the barrel, said mugof the magazines. 10 iaxzines having' the roar ends formed m Sog- In witness whereof3 I have hereunto Set my ments of circles and with grooves upon each hand.
5 side within which the anges of the cartridges are movable whereby the difference in diamcter of the front and rear contact-wnts will be compensated and the cartridgos raised in CHARLES H. SNOW.
W'itneSseS:
II. NOURSE, JHSSIIA: (l. BRUNE.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474975A (en) * 1944-05-11 1949-07-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Gun-loading mechanism
US20040154207A1 (en) * 2003-02-12 2004-08-12 Kenneth Conner Gun magazine with leaf spring

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2474975A (en) * 1944-05-11 1949-07-05 United Shoe Machinery Corp Gun-loading mechanism
US20040154207A1 (en) * 2003-02-12 2004-08-12 Kenneth Conner Gun magazine with leaf spring

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