US749316A - Distilling apparatus - Google Patents

Distilling apparatus Download PDF

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US749316A
US749316A US749316DA US749316A US 749316 A US749316 A US 749316A US 749316D A US749316D A US 749316DA US 749316 A US749316 A US 749316A
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condenser
receiver
valve
pipe
dome
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D3/00Distillation or related exchange processes in which liquids are contacted with gaseous media, e.g. stripping

Description

I GAOPIQC'EY S Q QN PATENTED JAN. 12, 1904.
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. J. M. MOORE.
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DISTILLING APPARATUS. .PPLIOATION FILED H1315. 1903.
N0 MODEL.
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Patented January 12, 1904.
PATENT QEEICE.
JOHN M. MOORE, OE wENA, ALABAMA.
DISTILLING APPARATUS..
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 749,316, dated January 12, 1904. Application led February Z5, 1903. Serial No. 145,056. (No model.) i
To all whom, it rnay-ooncrn:
` Be it known that I, JOHN M. MOORE, acitiy zen of the United` States, residing at Wena,
in the county of `Fayette and State of Alabama, have invented a new and useful Distilling Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.
Thisinvention relates to distilling appap in the claims following.
ratus, andA has for its object to simplify and cheapen the construction of such devices and likewise to improve the product and lessen the time and labor required to produce the de sired results; andthe invention 'consists in certain Vnovel features of the construction, as
hereinafter shown and described, andspecied In the drawings illustrativel of the invention, -in` which corresponding parts are denoted by like designating characters, Figure 1 isa longitudinal sectional elevation of the apparatus complete. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary view showing a portion of the condenser 14.
The improved apparatus consists of a receiver for the wort or other material to `be treated and ispreferably cylindrical in form and with a central open-,ended iiue 11 extending therethrough, as shown. Rising from the receiver near one end isa dome12,
communicating by its lower end with the interior of the receiver and connected thereto by a detachable joint 13,\so that-the dome .may be detached and the receiver recharged through the aperture connecting the receiver `and dome.
shown, ,so that the heat radiating from thek receiver will be readily imparted to the contents of the condenser. p
Rising from the head of the dome 12 is i a conductor-pipe 15, extending to the condenser 14 at a slight incline and passing downward through the head of the condenser andV terminating near the bottom thereof, as shown at 16. Rising from the condenser 14 is another conductor-pipe 17, extending laterally to a worm 18 of. the usual construction inimersed in a tank 19 of flowing cold water and having the usual discharge-pipe 20.
The receiver 10 will be provided with a Waste draw-off 21, having a shut-off valve 22, while the condenser 14 is provided with a draw-off 23, having a controlling-valve 24 the latter indicated only by dotted lines.`
f The dome 12 and condenser 14 are closed-at their. upper ends, and the condenser will be provided with an inlet 25, providedwith a valve 26, while the pipes 15 17 will likewise be provided, respectively, with valves 27 28, as shown, this inlet 25 providing means for the return of the low-wines to the v-condenser, as hereinafter explained. y p
The valve 26, provided in the inlet-pipe 25, serves the purpose of admitting the low-wines to the condenser after the volatilization` of ,thc contents of the receiver has4 been completed and prevents the escape into the outer air of vapors from the condenser during the operation of the still. Valves 27 and 28 are provided to control the rate of passage of `vapor from the receiver through the condenser into the worm, so that the vapor which passes through the'condenser and the worm -may not exceed the condensing capacity of the worm.
Theheat will he supplied tothe apparatus within the end of the flue 11 farthest from the dome 12 and nearest to the condenser 14.
The volatile particles rising in the form of steam or gases pass over to the condenser 14 through the pipe 15 and are partly condensed therein and again subjected to the action of heat radiated from the hottest end of the receiver above the heating medium, as shown, resulting in the revaporization of the material and the discharge in the form of highly-heated vapor through the pipe 17 to the4 worm 18, where the final condensation takes place. By this simple means thelieating medium is utilized to perform the double function of a pri-A mary heating means for acting upon the material in the receiver 10 and, second, as a secondary heating means for producing the second IOO volatilization in the condenser 14. When the volatilization is completed in the receiver, the residuum is drawn off through the valve 22, while at the same time the material remaining in the condenser 14 is likewise drawn off through the valve 24. The material remaining in the receiver after volatilization is complete is Waste, which is thrown away. rI`he contents of the condenser at the end of the Volatilization consists almost entirely of water, and this is also thrown away.V The low-Wines which escape from the worm during the final stages of the volatilization process are then returned to the condenser through the intake25 to be again subjected to the action of the heat and the remaining particles of the spirit extracted therefrom. rlhe receiver l0 is then recharged by the removal of the dome 12, as before described, and the operation repeated.
Any suitable heating medium may be employed within the liuc 11; but an approved form of such a medium is shown, consisting of a tube open at the inner end and closed at the outer end and provided with a porous filling or wick 29 and adapted to be inserted into the open end of the flue 11 farthest from the dome 12 and supported in position, as by legs 30. The wick member 29 will be provided with a metal clip 31, having a pin 32 extending `therefrom through the rear head of the wick-tube and by which means the wick may be adjusted to regulate the flame. Rising from the wick-tube 28 is an oil-feed pipe 33, terminating in a supply-tank 34, having a valved inlet 35, the feed-pipe likewise having acontrolling-valve 36. By this simple means the wick member is supplied with oil to any required extent and the strength of the ame controlled, as will be readily understood. The iiame may thus be regulated to meet the required conditions and the requisite degree of heat uniformly imparted, with a resultant uniform and regular product. This form of burner possesses many advantages, as will be obvious.
It will be noted that the flue 11 passes centrally through the shell 10, so that a large mass of the material remains at all times beneath the iiue and the fire operating therein, by which means the shell 10 is protected from the direct action of the fire and the vaporization produced by a less degree of heat, as the heat radiates into the mass of the material from all sides of the central iue and none of it is lost by radiation into the walls of a furnace or exterior fire-chamber.
The whole device is very simple, compact, and efficient and may be enlarged or reduced in size, as required,-to enable it to produce any desired amount of distillate and will work with perfect satisfaction in connection with the largest or the smallest structure. It will be found especially advantageous for portable or experimental purposes, as it can be constructed in small sizes and will not require cumbersome or expensive attachments or cooperating machinery to enable it to be successfully operated. A comparatively large apparatus may be operated by one person of ordinary skill, as there are no cumbersome or ycomplicated parts to manipulate or get out of order.
The parts may be of any suitable material, but will preferably be of sheet metal properly coated and protected to resist the chemical action of the material being treated and will preferably be of the material generally employed in the construction of stills and similar apparatus.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim is- 1. In a distilling apparatus, the combination of a horizontal cylindrical receiver having a single central flue of relatively large diameter extending therethrough longitudinally of the receiver, a detachable dome mounted on the upper portion of the receiver adjacent to one end thereof and communicating with the interior of the receiver, a condenser mounted on the top of said receiver adjacent to the other end thereof, the shell of the receiver forming the bottom of the condenser, a condensingpipe leading from the top of said domerto said condenser and terminating within said condenser near the bottom thereof, an inlet-valve and an outlet-valve associated with said condenser, a conductor pipeA leading laterally from the top of said condenser to a Worm and a discharge-valve in the bottom of said receiver.
2. The combination in adistilling apparatus of ya horizontal cylindrical receiver having a single central iiue of relatively large diameter extending longitudinally through said receiver, a condenser mounted on top of said receiver near one end thereof, a flange mounted on top of said receiver near the other end thereof and surrounding an opening in said receiver, a removable dome fitted within said ange, a condenser-pipe rising from the top of said dome and leading laterally' to said condenser within which said pipe terminates near the bottom, inlet and outlet valves associated with said condenser, a conductor-pipe leading laterally from the top of said condenser and a discharge-valve in the bottom of said receiver.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto afiixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JOHN M. MOORE.
Witnesses W. F. JOHNSON, v W. H. BROWN.
IOO
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