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US7457A - Hinge of rolling iron shutters - Google Patents

Hinge of rolling iron shutters Download PDF

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US7457A
US7457A US7457DA US7457A US 7457 A US7457 A US 7457A US 7457D A US7457D A US 7457DA US 7457 A US7457 A US 7457A
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hinge
shutters
iron
rolling iron
shutter
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/02Shutters, movable grilles, or other safety closing devices, e.g. against burglary
    • E06B9/08Roll-type closures
    • E06B9/11Roller shutters
    • E06B9/15Roller shutters with closing members formed of slats or the like

Description

UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEIoE.

A. L. JOHNSON, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.

HINGE OF ROLLING IRON SHUTTERS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 7,457, dated June 25, 1850; Reissued April 24.-, 1855, No. 807.

To all 'whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, A. LIVINGSTON Jol-IN- sYoN, of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, have invented Improvements on the Rolling Iron Shutters, and that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the principle or character which distinguishes them, from all other things before known and of the usual manner of making, modifying, and using the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, of which- `Figure l, is a general view. Fig. 2 an enlarged section of one of the joints, and Fig. 3 a section of a blind rolled up.

My invention consists in important improvements in that species of hinge or joint which is formed by lockingsthe4 edges of plates or sheets of metal by curling them spirally within each other. These improvements enable me to form from strips of thin sheet metal, 'an iron shutter which can be rolled up like a blind, and which at the same time shall possess `strength sufficient toresist the attacks of burglars, though made of metal so thin that in any other form it would be entirely inefiicient.

Rolling iron shutters have long been known, and I now have a patent for important improvements therein, but in these shutters very stout iron plates are required in order to give them sufficient strength, the slats of which the shutter is composed being fiat bars of iron with straight smooth edges. `In my present shutter I can use very thin iron for any breadth of shutter, as its stiffness is dependent on the shape of the slats and not on the weight of the metal. There are no projections beyond the joints, and

\ they require no rib pieces to strengthen them, and the expense of their construction is less than most iron shutters as their manufacture is simple, and the weight of material is small.

The construction is as follows: I take a number of thin strips of sheet metal of a length sufficient for the breadth of the shutter, and the width required to form a single slat, and turn their upper and lower edges into the curves shown at (a, 6,) Fig. 2. The

[FIRST PRINTED 1913.]

edge (a) it willbe seen is carried around further than that lettered (b) and incloses an ironbar, rod, or wire (C) which fills up the center of the joint and prevents its injury by indentation; the portion (b) is formed to lock into the curve (a) as shown by the red lines, in the same figure; and to unite them, the part (o) must be shoved lengthwise into the part (a) where they are perfectly locked, and form a joint to permit them to turn to wind on a cylinder above when drawn up. 'Io prevent their sliding out of place and binding I project the ends of the wire through the 'ends of the slats and turn it down after the parts are united which holds them securely in place, and to cover the bent end of the wire, and add to the strength of the oint, by preventing any lateral motion of the slats on each other, and also to make an even edge to the shutter so that it shall slide smoothly in the window frame, I project a portion of the end of each slat, beyond the end line of its face, as at (e) and turning it `down at right angles and making a neat finish to the edge. A. head may be formed on the wire instead of bending down the ends as above described.

Having thus fully described my improvements what I claim therein as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent in constructing the hinges or joints of rolling iron shutters of thin slats of iron is- Having a bar or wire inserted withinthe coiled edges of the joint or hinge to give, strength and stiffness to the joint, said bar having its ends bent to prevent the several strips of iron composing the shutter from sliding laterally on each other, and the proj ecting bent ends of the wire being covered by ears projecting from the ends of the strips and turned down; thus forming an even edge to the shutter, which will slide easily in the groove of the frame in which it is placed, the whole being constructed substantially as herein described.

A. LIVINGSTON JOHNSON. Witnesses:

EDWARD EVERETT, WM. GREENAUGI-I.

US7457D Hinge of rolling iron shutters Expired - Lifetime US7457A (en)

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