US7385971B1 - Latency reduction in network data transfer operations - Google Patents

Latency reduction in network data transfer operations Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US7385971B1
US7385971B1 US10143493 US14349302A US7385971B1 US 7385971 B1 US7385971 B1 US 7385971B1 US 10143493 US10143493 US 10143493 US 14349302 A US14349302 A US 14349302A US 7385971 B1 US7385971 B1 US 7385971B1
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
write operation
write
target
data
data packets
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US10143493
Inventor
Scott M. Ferris
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Cisco Technology Inc
Original Assignee
Cisco Technology Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0628Dedicated interfaces to storage systems making use of a particular technique
    • G06F3/0655Vertical data movement, i.e. input-output transfer; data movement between one or more hosts and one or more storage devices
    • G06F3/0659Command handling arrangements, e.g. command buffers, queues, command scheduling
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0602Dedicated interfaces to storage systems specifically adapted to achieve a particular effect
    • G06F3/061Improving I/O performance
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/06Digital input from or digital output to record carriers, e.g. RAID, emulated record carriers, networked record carriers
    • G06F3/0601Dedicated interfaces to storage systems
    • G06F3/0668Dedicated interfaces to storage systems adopting a particular infrastructure
    • G06F3/067Distributed or networked storage systems, e.g. storage area networks [SAN], network attached storage [NAS]

Abstract

Apparatus, method and computer readable medium are provided for data transfer wherein an initiator driver in a computing system performs a first write operation to a target system wherein the write operation transfers a block of data from the computing system to the target, the write operation including sending a plurality of data packets which together form the block of data, wherein some or all of the data packets are sent only after the driver receives a ready to transfer command from the target. The initiator driver receives a request for a second write operation from the computing system before all the data packets for the first write operation have been sent, and sending a write command to the target in-between sending two of the data packets so that the second write command is sent before completion of the first write operation. According to another aspect, the initiator driver receives a request from the computing system to perform two or more write operations prior to initiating the first write operation and while no other write operations are being performed, and wherein the initiator system sends at least two write commands, one for each request for a write operation, to the target system prior to receiving a ready to transfer command from the target system.

Description

This invention is related to application Ser. No. 10/143,456, filed May 9, 2002, entitled “SYSTEM, METHOD, AND SOFTWARE FOR A VIRTUAL HOST BUS ADAPTER IN A STORAGE-AREA NETWORK; application Ser. No. 10/128,656, filed Apr. 22, 2002, entitled “SCSI-BASED STORAGE AREA NETWORK”, application Ser. No. 10/131,793, filed Apr. 22, 2002, entitled “VIRTUAL SCSI BUS FOR SCSI-BASED STORAGE AREA NETWORK”, all of the above of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to latency reduction in data transfer operations, and more particularly to latency reduction in network data transfers.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In a SCSI interface the data transfer protocol provides that the target storage system controls the data transfer between it and the requesting or initiating system. In a typical data transfer scenario, an initiator driver on the requesting system originates SCSI commands and these commands are sent to the storage system without advanced permission. Generally, however, data transfers from the requesting system to the target are not proper protocol without express or implied permission from the target. Express permission is granted using a “ready to transfer” (known as a “R2T” in SCSI terminology) command sent by the target.

Prior to a data transfer operation, SCSI allows the initiator driver on the requesting system to negotiate with the target to establish the size of permissible data chunks, known as PDU's (physical data units). The smallest PDU is typically 8 Kbytes in length, with 64 Kbytes being a larger PDU size. Once this negotiation is completed, the initiator driver sends data to the target in the agreed upon PDU size. Other than the case of implied R2T's where an actual R2T need not be sent, all other transfers of a PDU from the initiator driver requires the target to first send a R2T command granting express permission for the driver to send the PDU.

The time that an initiator driver waits between sending a PDU and receiving the next R2T command is a function of the latency in the network over which the data is being transferred. If the network has a “high” latency, as may occur in TCP/IP iSCSI protocols, there is a relatively long delay between the last PDU being sent and the next R2T arriving back at the initiator driver. This delay has the effect of lengthening the time that the overall data transfer (that is the entire block of data sought to be transferred) takes to complete. This extra time in turn often prevents the computing or other requesting system that requires the data transfer from starting other work that requires the completed transfer. Accordingly, it is desirable if these delays can be reduced so that work can be more quickly and efficiently performed by the requesting system.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention includes various example embodiments for performing write operations from an initiator system to a target, and more specifically but not by limitation for performing such operations using a SCSI interface.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment for the embodiments of the invention.

FIGS. 2, 3, 4 and 5 illustrate example method and apparatus embodiments of the invention.

FIG. 6 illustrate an example embodiment of a computer readable medium according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments, reference is made to the accompanying drawings which form a part hereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration specific embodiments in which the invention may be practiced. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and structural changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Referring now to FIG. 1, there is illustrated an overview of an environment in which some or all of the embodiments of the invention may be used. Computing systems 12 a and 12 b are connected to a target storage network 18 having storage units 18 a and 18 b through an IP network 13. Systems 12 a and 12 b each include a SCSI interface 14 a and 14 b, respectively, which interface with a storage router 15 having SCSI interfaces 16 a and 16 b, and a SCSI router unit 17. Router 15 in turns connects to storage network 18 through a SCSI interface 19. In this configuration, systems 12 a and 12 b transfer data back and forth to storage network 18 using a TCP/IP protocol. A storage router 15 which could be used with the present invention is described in “SCSI-BASED STORAGE AREA NETWORK” and “VIRTUAL SCSI BUS FOR SCSI-BASED STORAGE AREA NETWORK”, as described above, the description of which is incorporated herein by reference. A virtual Host Bus Adapter is described in “SYSTEM, METHOD, AND SOFTWARE FOR A VIRTUAL HOST BUS ADAPTER IN A STORAGE-AREA NETWORK”, the description of which is incorporated herein by reference.

Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, there is illustrated a first embodiment of a method and apparatus according to the present invention. An initiator driver 22 in a computing system 20 performs a first write operation to a target system 24 wherein the write operation transfers a block of data 32 from the computing system 20 to the target 24, for example through a network using a TCP/IP protocol and configured as shown with respect to FIG. 1. The write operation includes sending a plurality of data packets 34 each in a “data burst” which together form the block of data 32, wherein some or all of the data packets 34 are sent only after the driver receives a ready to transfer command 36 from the target 24. The data packet may be, for instance 8 Kbytes, 16 Kbytes, 64 Kbytes or any other size that the driver 24 and target system permit for the data transfer, and as may be for example negotiated between the driver 22 and the target system 24. the total data block 32 may be any size.

The initiator driver 22 receives a data transfer request 38 (DTR) for a second write operation from the computing system before all the data packets 34 for the first write operation have been sent, and sends a write command (WC) 39 (typically of relatively small size such as 50-100 bytes) to the target 24 in-between sending two of the data packets, for example packets 34 a and 34 b, so that the second write command (the first one being the one that initiated the first write operation) is sent before completion of the first write operation.

According to another embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 4, the initiator driver 24 receives requests 42 from the computing system 20 to perform two or more write operations prior to initiating the first write operation and while no other write operations are being performed, and wherein the initiator driver 24 sends at least two write commands 44 a and 44 b (as may be stored in a command queue in a computing operating system), one for each request for a write operation, to the target system 24 prior to receiving a ready to transfer command 46 from the target system 24.

According to still another example embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 5, the initiator driver 24 includes a first software component 52 that is used to perform write operations to a target system, and a second software component 54 that receives a request for write operations from the computing system, and causes a write command to be sent to the target in-between sending two of the data packets so that the write command is sent while the first component is performing a data transfer for a write operation.

According to yet another example embodiment, the second software component 52 receives a request from the computing system to perform two or more write operations while no other write operation in is progress, and wherein the second software component 52 sends at least two write commands, one for each request for a write operation, to the target system prior to receiving a ready to transfer command from the target system.

According to one alternate embodiment of the apparatus of FIG. 5, software components 52 and 54 may be implemented as one software component, or more than two components, while still retaining the functionality described with respect to the components.

Still another example embodiment of the invention is illustrated in FIG. 6, which shows a computer readable medium 62 that includes computer instructions encoded or otherwise embodied therein for performing the methods or apparatus described above with respect to FIGS. 2-5. According to one example embodiment, the computer readable medium is (without limitation) for example a magnetic medium, an optical medium, a circuit, an electronic data stream or a carrier wave.

According to still another example embodiment of the invention, the methods, apparatus and computer medium described above are adapted specifically for use in an interface, which includes the SCSI protocol. More particularly, one example embodiment of the apparatus, method and computer medium described above is adapted for use with iSCSI, and with the TCP/IP protocol, for example over a local or wide area network. In the SCSI embodiment, the data packets are termed “PDU's.”

According to still another example embodiment of the above described invention, driver 24 uses a SCSI protocol, and once a write command is sent to the target the driver has an implied R2T command for the first data packet it needs to send, and it sends this packet before receiving a R2T from the target. In addition, in the SCSI embodiment the R2T can specify the offset for the data packet to be sent.

Thus, as described above, the various embodiments of the invention provide that write commands of relatively small size are sent in advance of longer data packet transfers but due to their small size do not materially slow the progress of the associated write operation. On the other hand, by sending a write command in advance of the completion of a write operation in progress, the target system can process and reply to the write command and prepare for receiving data packets for the associated write operation while the write operation in progress is being performed. As such the target can send a R2T command to the driver simultaneously while the driver is sending data to the target, thereby avoiding the latency associated with propagation delays in the network.

According to still another example embodiment of the invention, the computing system 20 of the embodiments shown herein may be any type of computing device or peripheral, such as but not by way of limitation, a hand-held PDA, a workstation, a personal computer, a main-frame computer, or a mobile wireless system.

Claims (4)

1. A method, comprising:
performing, at an initiator driver in a computing system, a first write operation to a target system wherein the write operation transfers a block of data from the computing system to the target, the write operation including sending a plurality of data packets which together form the block of data, wherein some or all of the data packets are sent only after the driver receives a ready to transfer command from the target;
receiving, at the initiator driver, a request for a second write operation from the computing system before all the data packets for the first write operation have been sent, and sending a write command to the target in-between sending two of the data packets so that the second write command is sent before completion of the first write operation.
2. A method according to claim 1 further including receiving, at the initiator driver, a request from the computing system to perform two or more write operations prior to initiating the first write operation and while no other write operations are being performed, and sending, from the initiator driver, at least two write commands, one for each request for a write operation, to the target system prior to receiving a ready to transfer command from the target system.
3. Apparatus, comprising:
an initiator driver in a computing system including a first software component that performs a first write operation to a target system wherein the write operation transfers a block of data from the computing system to the target, the write operation including sending a plurality of data packets which together form the block of data, wherein some or all of the data packets are sent only after the driver receives a ready to transfer command from the target;
the initiator driver including a second software component receiving a request for a second write operation from the computing system before all the data packets for the first write operation have been sent, and sending a write command to the target in-between sending two of the data packets so that the second write command is sent before completion of the first write operation.
4. Apparatus according to claim 3 further wherein the second software component receives a request from the computing system to perform two or more write operations prior to initiating the first write operation and while no other write operations are being performed, and wherein the second software component sends at least two write commands, one for each request for a write operation, to the target system prior to receiving a ready to transfer command from the target system.
US10143493 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Latency reduction in network data transfer operations Active 2024-12-30 US7385971B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10143493 US7385971B1 (en) 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Latency reduction in network data transfer operations

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10143493 US7385971B1 (en) 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Latency reduction in network data transfer operations

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US7385971B1 true US7385971B1 (en) 2008-06-10

Family

ID=39484426

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10143493 Active 2024-12-30 US7385971B1 (en) 2002-05-09 2002-05-09 Latency reduction in network data transfer operations

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US7385971B1 (en)

Citations (70)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390326A (en) 1993-04-30 1995-02-14 The Foxboro Company Local area network with fault detection and recovery
US5579491A (en) 1994-07-07 1996-11-26 Dell U.S.A., L.P. Local proactive hot swap request/acknowledge system
US5996024A (en) 1998-01-14 1999-11-30 Emc Corporation Method and apparatus for a SCSI applications server which extracts SCSI commands and data from message and encapsulates SCSI responses to provide transparent operation
US6041381A (en) 1998-02-05 2000-03-21 Crossroads Systems, Inc. Fibre channel to SCSI addressing method and system
US6108699A (en) 1997-06-27 2000-08-22 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for modifying membership in a clustered distributed computer system and updating system configuration
US6131119A (en) 1997-04-01 2000-10-10 Sony Corporation Automatic configuration system for mapping node addresses within a bus structure to their physical location
US6134673A (en) 1997-05-13 2000-10-17 Micron Electronics, Inc. Method for clustering software applications
US6145019A (en) 1998-03-02 2000-11-07 Hewlett-Packard Company Unconfigured device that automatically configures itself as the primary device if no other unconfigured device is present
US6151331A (en) * 1998-09-23 2000-11-21 Crossroads Systems, Inc. System and method for providing a proxy FARP for legacy storage devices
US6163855A (en) 1998-04-17 2000-12-19 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for replicated and consistent modifications in a server cluster
US6185620B1 (en) 1998-04-03 2001-02-06 Lsi Logic Corporation Single chip protocol engine and data formatter apparatus for off chip host memory to local memory transfer and conversion
US6195760B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-02-27 Lucent Technologies Inc Method and apparatus for providing failure detection and recovery with predetermined degree of replication for distributed applications in a network
US6209023B1 (en) 1998-04-24 2001-03-27 Compaq Computer Corporation Supporting a SCSI device on a non-SCSI transport medium of a network
US6219771B1 (en) 1996-08-30 2001-04-17 Nec Corporation Data storage apparatus with improved security process and partition allocation functions
US6314526B1 (en) 1998-07-10 2001-11-06 International Business Machines Corporation Resource group quorum scheme for highly scalable and highly available cluster system management
US6343320B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2002-01-29 Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P. Automatic state consolidation for network participating devices
US6363416B1 (en) 1998-08-28 2002-03-26 3Com Corporation System and method for automatic election of a representative node within a communications network with built-in redundancy
US20020042693A1 (en) 2000-05-02 2002-04-11 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Cluster membership monitor
US20020049845A1 (en) 2000-03-16 2002-04-25 Padmanabhan Sreenivasan Maintaining membership in high availability systems
US20020059392A1 (en) 1996-11-29 2002-05-16 Ellis Frampton E. Global network computers
US6393583B1 (en) 1998-10-29 2002-05-21 International Business Machines Corporation Method of performing checkpoint/restart of a parallel program
US20020065872A1 (en) 2000-09-13 2002-05-30 Genske Timothy W. System and method for dynamic uploading and execution of applications and drivers between devices
US6400730B1 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-06-04 Nishan Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for transferring data between IP network devices and SCSI and fibre channel devices over an IP network
US20020116460A1 (en) 2001-01-25 2002-08-22 Bijan Treister Approach for managing communications channels based on performance and transferring functions between participants in a communications arrangement
US20020114328A1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2002-08-22 Takahisa Miyamoto Apparatus for linking a SAN with a LAN
US6449652B1 (en) 1999-01-04 2002-09-10 Emc Corporation Method and apparatus for providing secure access to a computer system resource
US6470397B1 (en) 1998-11-16 2002-10-22 Qlogic Corporation Systems and methods for network and I/O device drivers
US6473803B1 (en) 1997-06-02 2002-10-29 Unisys Corporation Virtual LAN interface for high-speed communications between heterogeneous computer systems
US6480901B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2002-11-12 Lsi Logic Corporation System for monitoring and managing devices on a network from a management station via a proxy server that provides protocol converter
US6484245B1 (en) 1997-05-29 2002-11-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for and method of accessing a storage region across a network
US20020188711A1 (en) 2001-02-13 2002-12-12 Confluence Networks, Inc. Failover processing in a storage system
US20020188657A1 (en) 2001-01-22 2002-12-12 Traversat Bernard A. Resource identifiers for a peer-to-peer environment
US20020194428A1 (en) 2001-03-30 2002-12-19 Intransa, Inc., A Delaware Corporation Method and apparatus for distributing raid processing over a network link
US20030012204A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-16 Sancastle Technologies, Ltd Extension of fibre channel addressing
US20030018813A1 (en) 2001-01-17 2003-01-23 Antes Mark L. Methods, systems and computer program products for providing failure recovery of network secure communications in a cluster computing environment
US20030018927A1 (en) 2001-07-23 2003-01-23 Gadir Omar M.A. High-availability cluster virtual server system
US20030058870A1 (en) 2001-09-06 2003-03-27 Siliquent Technologies Inc. ISCSI receiver implementation
US20030084209A1 (en) 2001-10-31 2003-05-01 Chadalapaka Mallikarjun B. System and method for storage virtualization
US20030093541A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-05-15 Lolayekar Santosh C. Protocol translation in a storage system
US20030093567A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-05-15 Lolayekar Santosh C. Serverless storage services
US20030097607A1 (en) 2001-11-21 2003-05-22 Bessire Michael L. System and method for ensuring the availability of a storage system
US6574755B1 (en) 1998-12-30 2003-06-03 Lg Information & Communications, Ltd. Method and processing fault on SCSI bus
US20030126282A1 (en) * 2001-12-29 2003-07-03 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for improving backup performance of media and dynamic ready to transfer control mechanism
US20030172149A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-09-11 Andiamo Systems, A Delaware Corporation Methods and apparatus for implementing virtualization of storage within a storage area network
US6640278B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-10-28 Dell Products L.P. Method for configuration and management of storage resources in a storage network
US20030210686A1 (en) 2001-10-18 2003-11-13 Troika Networds, Inc. Router and methods using network addresses for virtualization
US6654830B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-11-25 Dell Products L.P. Method and system for managing data migration for a storage system
US6678721B1 (en) 1998-11-18 2004-01-13 Globespanvirata, Inc. System and method for establishing a point-to-multipoint DSL network
US6683883B1 (en) 2002-04-09 2004-01-27 Sancastle Technologies Ltd. ISCSI-FCP gateway
US6691244B1 (en) 2000-03-14 2004-02-10 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for comprehensive availability management in a high-availability computer system
US6697924B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2004-02-24 International Business Machines Corporation Storage area network methods and apparatus for identifying fiber channel devices in kernel mode
US6701449B1 (en) 2000-04-20 2004-03-02 Ciprico, Inc. Method and apparatus for monitoring and analyzing network appliance status information
US6711632B1 (en) * 1998-08-11 2004-03-23 Ncr Corporation Method and apparatus for write-back caching with minimal interrupts
US20040064553A1 (en) 2001-01-19 2004-04-01 Kjellberg Rikard M. Computer network solution and software product to establish error tolerance in a network environment
US6718361B1 (en) 2000-04-07 2004-04-06 Network Appliance Inc. Method and apparatus for reliable and scalable distribution of data files in distributed networks
US6721907B2 (en) 2002-06-12 2004-04-13 Zambeel, Inc. System and method for monitoring the state and operability of components in distributed computing systems
US6724757B1 (en) 1999-01-15 2004-04-20 Cisco Technology, Inc. Configurable network router
US6742034B1 (en) * 1999-12-16 2004-05-25 Dell Products L.P. Method for storage device masking in a storage area network and storage controller and storage subsystem for using such a method
US6748550B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2004-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Apparatus and method for building metadata using a heartbeat of a clustered system
US6757291B1 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-06-29 Simpletech, Inc. System for bypassing a server to achieve higher throughput between data network and data storage system
US6763195B1 (en) 2000-01-13 2004-07-13 Lightpointe Communications, Inc. Hybrid wireless optical and radio frequency communication link
US6763419B2 (en) 1997-12-31 2004-07-13 Crossroads Systems, Inc. Storage router and method for providing virtual local storage
US6771663B1 (en) 2000-02-23 2004-08-03 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Hybrid data transport scheme over optical networks
US6807581B1 (en) 2000-09-29 2004-10-19 Alacritech, Inc. Intelligent network storage interface system
US20040225775A1 (en) * 2001-03-01 2004-11-11 Greg Pellegrino Translating device adapter having a common command set for interfacing multiple types of redundant storage devices to a host processor
US6834326B1 (en) * 2000-02-04 2004-12-21 3Com Corporation RAID method and device with network protocol between controller and storage devices
US20050055418A1 (en) 2001-10-29 2005-03-10 Sun Microsystems Inc Method to manage high availability equipments
US6877044B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2005-04-05 Vicom Systems, Inc. Distributed storage management platform architecture
US6876656B2 (en) * 2001-06-15 2005-04-05 Broadcom Corporation Switch assisted frame aliasing for storage virtualization
US6895461B1 (en) 2002-04-22 2005-05-17 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for accessing remote storage using SCSI and an IP network

Patent Citations (70)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5390326A (en) 1993-04-30 1995-02-14 The Foxboro Company Local area network with fault detection and recovery
US5579491A (en) 1994-07-07 1996-11-26 Dell U.S.A., L.P. Local proactive hot swap request/acknowledge system
US6219771B1 (en) 1996-08-30 2001-04-17 Nec Corporation Data storage apparatus with improved security process and partition allocation functions
US20020059392A1 (en) 1996-11-29 2002-05-16 Ellis Frampton E. Global network computers
US6131119A (en) 1997-04-01 2000-10-10 Sony Corporation Automatic configuration system for mapping node addresses within a bus structure to their physical location
US6134673A (en) 1997-05-13 2000-10-17 Micron Electronics, Inc. Method for clustering software applications
US6484245B1 (en) 1997-05-29 2002-11-19 Hitachi, Ltd. Apparatus for and method of accessing a storage region across a network
US6473803B1 (en) 1997-06-02 2002-10-29 Unisys Corporation Virtual LAN interface for high-speed communications between heterogeneous computer systems
US6108699A (en) 1997-06-27 2000-08-22 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for modifying membership in a clustered distributed computer system and updating system configuration
US6763419B2 (en) 1997-12-31 2004-07-13 Crossroads Systems, Inc. Storage router and method for providing virtual local storage
US5996024A (en) 1998-01-14 1999-11-30 Emc Corporation Method and apparatus for a SCSI applications server which extracts SCSI commands and data from message and encapsulates SCSI responses to provide transparent operation
US6041381A (en) 1998-02-05 2000-03-21 Crossroads Systems, Inc. Fibre channel to SCSI addressing method and system
US6145019A (en) 1998-03-02 2000-11-07 Hewlett-Packard Company Unconfigured device that automatically configures itself as the primary device if no other unconfigured device is present
US6185620B1 (en) 1998-04-03 2001-02-06 Lsi Logic Corporation Single chip protocol engine and data formatter apparatus for off chip host memory to local memory transfer and conversion
US6163855A (en) 1998-04-17 2000-12-19 Microsoft Corporation Method and system for replicated and consistent modifications in a server cluster
US6209023B1 (en) 1998-04-24 2001-03-27 Compaq Computer Corporation Supporting a SCSI device on a non-SCSI transport medium of a network
US6343320B1 (en) 1998-06-09 2002-01-29 Compaq Information Technologies Group, L.P. Automatic state consolidation for network participating devices
US6314526B1 (en) 1998-07-10 2001-11-06 International Business Machines Corporation Resource group quorum scheme for highly scalable and highly available cluster system management
US6195760B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-02-27 Lucent Technologies Inc Method and apparatus for providing failure detection and recovery with predetermined degree of replication for distributed applications in a network
US6711632B1 (en) * 1998-08-11 2004-03-23 Ncr Corporation Method and apparatus for write-back caching with minimal interrupts
US6363416B1 (en) 1998-08-28 2002-03-26 3Com Corporation System and method for automatic election of a representative node within a communications network with built-in redundancy
US6151331A (en) * 1998-09-23 2000-11-21 Crossroads Systems, Inc. System and method for providing a proxy FARP for legacy storage devices
US6393583B1 (en) 1998-10-29 2002-05-21 International Business Machines Corporation Method of performing checkpoint/restart of a parallel program
US6470397B1 (en) 1998-11-16 2002-10-22 Qlogic Corporation Systems and methods for network and I/O device drivers
US6678721B1 (en) 1998-11-18 2004-01-13 Globespanvirata, Inc. System and method for establishing a point-to-multipoint DSL network
US6574755B1 (en) 1998-12-30 2003-06-03 Lg Information & Communications, Ltd. Method and processing fault on SCSI bus
US6449652B1 (en) 1999-01-04 2002-09-10 Emc Corporation Method and apparatus for providing secure access to a computer system resource
US6724757B1 (en) 1999-01-15 2004-04-20 Cisco Technology, Inc. Configurable network router
US6400730B1 (en) 1999-03-10 2002-06-04 Nishan Systems, Inc. Method and apparatus for transferring data between IP network devices and SCSI and fibre channel devices over an IP network
US6654830B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-11-25 Dell Products L.P. Method and system for managing data migration for a storage system
US6640278B1 (en) 1999-03-25 2003-10-28 Dell Products L.P. Method for configuration and management of storage resources in a storage network
US6480901B1 (en) 1999-07-09 2002-11-12 Lsi Logic Corporation System for monitoring and managing devices on a network from a management station via a proxy server that provides protocol converter
US6742034B1 (en) * 1999-12-16 2004-05-25 Dell Products L.P. Method for storage device masking in a storage area network and storage controller and storage subsystem for using such a method
US6763195B1 (en) 2000-01-13 2004-07-13 Lightpointe Communications, Inc. Hybrid wireless optical and radio frequency communication link
US6834326B1 (en) * 2000-02-04 2004-12-21 3Com Corporation RAID method and device with network protocol between controller and storage devices
US6757291B1 (en) 2000-02-10 2004-06-29 Simpletech, Inc. System for bypassing a server to achieve higher throughput between data network and data storage system
US6877044B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2005-04-05 Vicom Systems, Inc. Distributed storage management platform architecture
US6771663B1 (en) 2000-02-23 2004-08-03 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Hybrid data transport scheme over optical networks
US6691244B1 (en) 2000-03-14 2004-02-10 Sun Microsystems, Inc. System and method for comprehensive availability management in a high-availability computer system
US20020049845A1 (en) 2000-03-16 2002-04-25 Padmanabhan Sreenivasan Maintaining membership in high availability systems
US6718361B1 (en) 2000-04-07 2004-04-06 Network Appliance Inc. Method and apparatus for reliable and scalable distribution of data files in distributed networks
US6701449B1 (en) 2000-04-20 2004-03-02 Ciprico, Inc. Method and apparatus for monitoring and analyzing network appliance status information
US20020042693A1 (en) 2000-05-02 2002-04-11 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Cluster membership monitor
US20020065872A1 (en) 2000-09-13 2002-05-30 Genske Timothy W. System and method for dynamic uploading and execution of applications and drivers between devices
US6807581B1 (en) 2000-09-29 2004-10-19 Alacritech, Inc. Intelligent network storage interface system
US20030018813A1 (en) 2001-01-17 2003-01-23 Antes Mark L. Methods, systems and computer program products for providing failure recovery of network secure communications in a cluster computing environment
US20040064553A1 (en) 2001-01-19 2004-04-01 Kjellberg Rikard M. Computer network solution and software product to establish error tolerance in a network environment
US20020188657A1 (en) 2001-01-22 2002-12-12 Traversat Bernard A. Resource identifiers for a peer-to-peer environment
US20020116460A1 (en) 2001-01-25 2002-08-22 Bijan Treister Approach for managing communications channels based on performance and transferring functions between participants in a communications arrangement
US20020188711A1 (en) 2001-02-13 2002-12-12 Confluence Networks, Inc. Failover processing in a storage system
US20020114328A1 (en) * 2001-02-20 2002-08-22 Takahisa Miyamoto Apparatus for linking a SAN with a LAN
US20040225775A1 (en) * 2001-03-01 2004-11-11 Greg Pellegrino Translating device adapter having a common command set for interfacing multiple types of redundant storage devices to a host processor
US20020194428A1 (en) 2001-03-30 2002-12-19 Intransa, Inc., A Delaware Corporation Method and apparatus for distributing raid processing over a network link
US6748550B2 (en) 2001-06-07 2004-06-08 International Business Machines Corporation Apparatus and method for building metadata using a heartbeat of a clustered system
US6876656B2 (en) * 2001-06-15 2005-04-05 Broadcom Corporation Switch assisted frame aliasing for storage virtualization
US20030012204A1 (en) * 2001-07-11 2003-01-16 Sancastle Technologies, Ltd Extension of fibre channel addressing
US20030018927A1 (en) 2001-07-23 2003-01-23 Gadir Omar M.A. High-availability cluster virtual server system
US20030058870A1 (en) 2001-09-06 2003-03-27 Siliquent Technologies Inc. ISCSI receiver implementation
US20030093541A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-05-15 Lolayekar Santosh C. Protocol translation in a storage system
US20030093567A1 (en) * 2001-09-28 2003-05-15 Lolayekar Santosh C. Serverless storage services
US6697924B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2004-02-24 International Business Machines Corporation Storage area network methods and apparatus for identifying fiber channel devices in kernel mode
US20030210686A1 (en) 2001-10-18 2003-11-13 Troika Networds, Inc. Router and methods using network addresses for virtualization
US20050055418A1 (en) 2001-10-29 2005-03-10 Sun Microsystems Inc Method to manage high availability equipments
US20030084209A1 (en) 2001-10-31 2003-05-01 Chadalapaka Mallikarjun B. System and method for storage virtualization
US20030097607A1 (en) 2001-11-21 2003-05-22 Bessire Michael L. System and method for ensuring the availability of a storage system
US20030126282A1 (en) * 2001-12-29 2003-07-03 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for improving backup performance of media and dynamic ready to transfer control mechanism
US20030172149A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2003-09-11 Andiamo Systems, A Delaware Corporation Methods and apparatus for implementing virtualization of storage within a storage area network
US6683883B1 (en) 2002-04-09 2004-01-27 Sancastle Technologies Ltd. ISCSI-FCP gateway
US6895461B1 (en) 2002-04-22 2005-05-17 Cisco Technology, Inc. Method and apparatus for accessing remote storage using SCSI and an IP network
US6721907B2 (en) 2002-06-12 2004-04-13 Zambeel, Inc. System and method for monitoring the state and operability of components in distributed computing systems

Non-Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Gusella, R., et al., "An Election Algorithm for a Distributed Clock Synchronization Program", Report No. UCB/CSD 86/257, University of California, Berkeley, (Dec. 1985), 1-17.
Gusella, R., et al., "The Berkeley UNIX(R) Time Synchronization Protocol", UNIX Programmers Manual 4.3, vol. 2C, Berkeley Software Distrib., (1986), 10 pgs.
Knight, S., et al., Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol, Network Working Group, RFC 2338, Retrieved from the Internet: <http://www.search.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2338.txt>, (1998), 26 pgs.
Lewis, P., "A High-Availability Cluster for Linux", Linux Journal, 64, Retrieved from the Internet: <http://www2.linuxjournal.com/lj-issues/issue64/3247.html>, (Apr. 1994), 11 pgs.
Li, T. , et al., Cisco Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP), Network Working Group, RFC 2281, Retrieved from the Internet: <http://www.search.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2281.txt>, (1998), 16 pgs.
Meth, K. Z., et al., "Design of the iSCSI Protocol", Proceedings of the 20th IEEE Conference on Mass Storage Systems and Technologies, (Apr. 7-10, 2003), 116-122.
Moore, K., On the Use of HTTP as a Substrate, Network Working Group, RFC 3205, Retrieved from the Internet: <http://www.search.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3205.txt>, (2002), 14 pgs.
Satran, J. , et al., iSCSI, IPS Internet Draft, draft-ietf-ips-iSCSI-00, Category: Standards Track, Retrieved from the Internet: <http://www.haifa.il.ilb.com/satran/ips/draft-ietf-ips-iSCSI-00.txt>, (Nov. 2000), 78 pgs.
Satran, J. , et al., iSCSI, IPS Internet Draft, draft-ietf-ips-iSCSI-12.txt, Category: standards-track, (Apr. 17, 2002), 260 pgs.
Simitci, H. , et al., "Evaluation of SCSP over TCP/IP and SCSI over Fibre Channel Connections", Hot Interconnects, 9, (Aug. 2001), 87-91.

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7631106B2 (en) Prefetching of receive queue descriptors
US6618788B1 (en) ATA device control via a packet-based interface
US6246683B1 (en) Receive processing with network protocol bypass
US20060235977A1 (en) Offloading data path functions
US6275588B1 (en) Apparatus and method for performing and controlling encryption/decryption for data to be transmitted on local area network
US20060059289A1 (en) Bus connection system
US7500030B2 (en) Control of information units in fibre channel communications
US7577772B2 (en) Method and system for optimizing DMA channel selection
US7493424B1 (en) Network storage system with shared software stack for LDMA and RDMA
US20070008989A1 (en) Packet processing
US7290066B2 (en) Methods and structure for improved transfer rate performance in a SAS wide port environment
US20050060538A1 (en) Method, system, and program for processing of fragmented datagrams
US5774744A (en) System using DMA and descriptor for implementing peripheral device bus mastering via a universal serial bus controller or an infrared data association controller
US6889266B1 (en) Method for delivering packet boundary or other metadata to and from a device using direct memory controller
US20010025329A1 (en) Method and system for managing communications among computer devices
US6397316B2 (en) System for reducing bus overhead for communication with a network interface
US7634650B1 (en) Virtualized shared security engine and creation of a protected zone
US20070073915A1 (en) Functional DMA
US7400639B2 (en) Method, system, and article of manufacture for utilizing host memory from an offload adapter
US20040024833A1 (en) Key reuse for RDMA virtual address space
US6266732B1 (en) Interrupt events chaining
US20070041383A1 (en) Third party node initiated remote direct memory access
US7320071B1 (en) Secure universal serial bus
US20050060442A1 (en) Method, system, and program for managing data transmission through a network
US20010047433A1 (en) Obtaining a destination address so that a network interface device can write network data without headers directly into host memory

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., CALIFORNIA

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FERRIS, SCOTT M.;REEL/FRAME:013297/0380

Effective date: 20020808

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8