US733723A - Serrefin. - Google Patents

Serrefin. Download PDF

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Publication number
US733723A
US733723A US14360803A US1903143608A US733723A US 733723 A US733723 A US 733723A US 14360803 A US14360803 A US 14360803A US 1903143608 A US1903143608 A US 1903143608A US 733723 A US733723 A US 733723A
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Prior art keywords
strip
ends
tangs
splint
serrefin
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Expired - Lifetime
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US14360803A
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Clarence D Lukens
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BASF SE
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/08Wound clamps or clips, i.e. not or only partly penetrating the tissue ; Devices for bringing together the edges of a wound
    • A61B17/083Clips, e.g. resilient

Description

No. 733,723. PATENTED JULY,14, 1903.

' C. D. LUKBNS.

SBRREPIN.

APPLICATION FILED PEB. 16. 1903.

NO MODEL.

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Patented July 14, 19037.

ATENT Erice;

CLARENCE D. LUKENS, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURT.

SERREFIN.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 733,723, dated July 14, 1903. Application filed February 16. 1903. Serial No. 143,608. (No model.)

T0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that l, CLARENCE D. LUKENs, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of St. Louis and State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Serrciin, of which the following` is a specification.

The principal objects of this invention are to avoid the necessity for surgical sutures and to produce a device for holding together the edges of a wound that is simple of application and capable of use by unskilled persons.

The invention consists in the device hereinafter described and claimed.

lu the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification, and in which like symbols refer to like parts wherever they occur, Figure l is an edge View of a serreiin or surgical splint made in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a bottom view thereof. Fig. 3 is a view of the serreiin or splint as it appears when applied. Fig. 4 is a cross-section on lined a of Fig. l; and Fig. shows a front and edge view of a modiiication, hereinafter referred to.

Referring to Figs. l to 4, the serrefin or splint consists of a main body portion '7 and wide curled or rolled ends S. The centers of these rolled portions are located to one side of the plane of the body portion to determine the direction of bending. Projecting from the curled or rolled ends are widely-separated tangs 9, which are preferably struck up from the strip of material used. Between the ends ofthe serreiin or splint and preferably on opposite sides of a central transverse line the body portion is weakened by reducing the width of the strip, as indicated at lO, by which means small neck portions are formed. The material used for the strip may be metal (preferably a German-silver composition) or any other material having the proper qualities. The material used should be preferably such as will be capable of bending at the desired points, so as to bring the tangs into effective position; but it should be stiff enough to prevent its being displaced by the strain to which it is subjected in use and it should be of such a character as will prevent any deleterious result to the patient.

lVhen the serren or splint is to be applied, it is taken in its flat condition, as shown in Figs. l and 2, and properly inserted in any suitable gripping device, (such as illustrated, for example, in dotted lines in Fig; 3,) and the same is placed across the incision to be closed. Upon pressing the handles together, so that the jaws approach each other, the tangs are pressed into the skin to bring the edges of the wound or incision together. Vhen the jaws are so brought together, the serren or splint will bend at the weakest point or points. lf the splint is provided with reduced portions between the ends, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, then the serreiins or splints will bend at these points. lf such reduced portions are properly located, the serren or splint, when applied as shown in Fig. 3, will present a comparatively broad flat surface at its highest point. lt is generally intended that the serren or splint shall remain in place until union of the parts has taken place.

It is obvious that the strip may be reduced at but one point between its ends, in which case, when the serreiin or splint is applied, it will be bent into a V shape instead of into a substantial U shape; also that it may be weakened intermediate its ends by other means-as,for example,by scoring the stripas indicated at l0 in Fig. 5, or by decreasing the thickness of the strip by any means. Furthermore, the points at which pressure is eX- erted to apply the strip are outside of the plane of the body of the strip. ln other words, they are oifset from the body portion. For this reason the strip may be easily bent even though it is not weakened at all.

lVhile the tangs are described as being struck up from the strip, it is obvious that they may be formed in other ways.

lVhile l have herein illustrated and described certain means embodying my invention, I desire it to be understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described, but that they may be considerably varied without departing from my invention.

l. A scrrefin comprising a body-strip having wide ends and widely-separated tangs at each end.

2. A serrefin comprising a strip having a body portion and wide ends offset therefrom, and widely-separated tangs on the offset ends.

luv

3; A serren Comprising a strip having a body portion and wide eurled ends offset therefrom, and widely-separated tangs projecting from the oset ends.

4. A serrein comprising a body-strip having clamping-surfaces at the ends theref, tangs projecting from said clamping-surfaces, and means weakening the strip between the ends.

5. A serreiin Comprising a body-strip having,` clamping-surfaces at its ends, tangs projeoting from each of said Clamping-surfaces, and means weakening the strip between the ends.

6. A serren comprising a body-strip having' its ends curled. or rolled into clampingsurfaees, and provisions weakening' the strip on opposite sides of a central transverse line.

7. A serrefin Comprising a body-strip havin g clamping-surfaces at the ends thereof, tangs projecting' from saide1an1pingsurfaces,

and provisions weakening the strip on opp# site sides of a central transverse line.

S. A serreiin comprising` a body-strip hav'- ing broad clamping-surfaces at the ends there; of, tangs projecting from each of said elaniping-surfaces, and provisions weakening the' strip on opposite sides of a central transverse line. 9. A serrefin Comprising' a strip, cylindrical portions on the ends thereof, tangs projecting, from said cylindrical portions, and reduced or neek portions between the said ends.

' In testimony whereof I have signed my naine to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

St. Louis, Missouri, February H, 1903.

CLARENCE D. LUKENS.

W'itnesses:

T. PERCY CARR, J. B. MEGowN.

US14360803A 1903-02-16 1903-02-16 Serrefin. Expired - Lifetime US733723A (en)

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Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2758302A (en) * 1952-10-13 1956-08-14 Technical Oil Tool Corp Wound clip loader package
US2910067A (en) * 1952-10-13 1959-10-27 Technical Oil Tool Corp Wound clip and extractor therefor
US3056181A (en) * 1959-10-19 1962-10-02 Harris Herbert Forms for clinched staples and the like
US3120687A (en) * 1960-01-18 1964-02-11 Paul K Greening Spring clip for diapers and the like
US3273562A (en) * 1960-02-24 1966-09-20 Rene G Le Vaux Skin and surgical clips
US3347239A (en) * 1964-07-13 1967-10-17 John W Codling Hermostatic clasp
US3586002A (en) * 1968-01-08 1971-06-22 Ernest C Wood Surgical skin clip
US3960147A (en) * 1975-03-10 1976-06-01 Murray William M Compression bone staples and methods of compressing bone segments
US4489875A (en) * 1980-10-17 1984-12-25 United States Surgical Corporation Self-centering surgical staple and stapler for applying the same
US4505274A (en) * 1980-10-17 1985-03-19 Propper Manufacturing Co., Inc. Suture clip
WO1988001486A1 (en) * 1986-08-26 1988-03-10 Tucker Wilson H Clip applicator and spreadable clips for use therein
US4844066A (en) * 1987-04-06 1989-07-04 Richard-Allan Medical Industries, Inc. Surgical clip
US5342376A (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-08-30 Dermagraphics, Inc. Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US5478354A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-12-26 United States Surgical Corporation Wound closing apparatus and method
US6241747B1 (en) 1993-05-03 2001-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US6599310B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2003-07-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US20040030354A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 Leung Jeffrey C. Suture anchor and method
US20040088003A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-05-06 Leung Jeffrey C. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US20040226427A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Michael Trull Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US20040237736A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-12-02 Genova Perry A. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US20060111742A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-05-25 Andrew Kaplan Suture method
US20100153335A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 Microsoft Corporation Synchronizing multiple classes with disparate schemas in the same collection
US20100298871A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop
US8118834B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2012-02-21 Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8216273B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2012-07-10 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8615856B1 (en) 2008-01-30 2013-12-31 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8641732B1 (en) 2008-02-26 2014-02-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8734485B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8771313B2 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-07-08 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8777987B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8793863B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US8875607B2 (en) 2008-01-30 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8876865B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers
US8916077B1 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material
US8932328B2 (en) 2008-11-03 2015-01-13 Ethicon, Inc. Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US8961560B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2015-02-24 Ethicon, Inc. Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods
USRE45426E1 (en) 1997-05-21 2015-03-17 Ethicon, Inc. Surgical methods using one-way suture
US9125647B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2015-09-08 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures
US9248580B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2016-02-02 Ethicon, Inc. Barb configurations for barbed sutures
US9675341B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-06-13 Ethicon Inc. Emergency self-retaining sutures and packaging
US9955962B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2018-05-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture delivery tools for endoscopic and robot-assisted surgery and methods
US10188384B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2019-01-29 Ethicon, Inc. Methods and devices for soft palate tissue elevation procedures

Cited By (84)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2910067A (en) * 1952-10-13 1959-10-27 Technical Oil Tool Corp Wound clip and extractor therefor
US2758302A (en) * 1952-10-13 1956-08-14 Technical Oil Tool Corp Wound clip loader package
US3056181A (en) * 1959-10-19 1962-10-02 Harris Herbert Forms for clinched staples and the like
US3120687A (en) * 1960-01-18 1964-02-11 Paul K Greening Spring clip for diapers and the like
US3273562A (en) * 1960-02-24 1966-09-20 Rene G Le Vaux Skin and surgical clips
US3347239A (en) * 1964-07-13 1967-10-17 John W Codling Hermostatic clasp
US3586002A (en) * 1968-01-08 1971-06-22 Ernest C Wood Surgical skin clip
US3960147A (en) * 1975-03-10 1976-06-01 Murray William M Compression bone staples and methods of compressing bone segments
US4489875A (en) * 1980-10-17 1984-12-25 United States Surgical Corporation Self-centering surgical staple and stapler for applying the same
US4505274A (en) * 1980-10-17 1985-03-19 Propper Manufacturing Co., Inc. Suture clip
US4796627A (en) * 1986-08-26 1989-01-10 Tucker Wilson H Clip applicator and spreadable clips for use therein
WO1988001486A1 (en) * 1986-08-26 1988-03-10 Tucker Wilson H Clip applicator and spreadable clips for use therein
US4844066A (en) * 1987-04-06 1989-07-04 Richard-Allan Medical Industries, Inc. Surgical clip
US5342376A (en) * 1993-05-03 1994-08-30 Dermagraphics, Inc. Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US20080221617A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2008-09-11 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed tissue connector
US6241747B1 (en) 1993-05-03 2001-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US20100298867A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Tissue connector with tissue grasping protrusions equally spaced about the periphery of the connector at successive axial locations
US20070208355A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2007-09-06 Ruff Gregory L Barbed tissue connector
US7226468B2 (en) 1993-05-03 2007-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed bodily tissue connector
US20040093028A1 (en) * 1993-05-03 2004-05-13 Ruff Gregory L. Barbed bodily tissue connector
US8246652B2 (en) 1993-05-03 2012-08-21 Ethicon, Inc. Suture with a pointed end and an anchor end and with equally spaced yieldable tissue grasping barbs located at successive axial locations
US7806908B2 (en) 1993-05-03 2010-10-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Barbed tissue connector
US5478354A (en) * 1993-07-14 1995-12-26 United States Surgical Corporation Wound closing apparatus and method
USRE45426E1 (en) 1997-05-21 2015-03-17 Ethicon, Inc. Surgical methods using one-way suture
US8747437B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-06-10 Ethicon, Inc. Continuous stitch wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US8777988B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Methods for using self-retaining sutures in endoscopic procedures
US7857829B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2010-12-28 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US20070208377A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2007-09-06 Andrew Kaplan Suture Method
US8777989B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Subcutaneous sinusoidal wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US7056331B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2006-06-06 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US8764796B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture method
US8764776B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2014-07-01 Ethicon, Inc. Anastomosis method using self-retaining sutures
US6599310B2 (en) 2001-06-29 2003-07-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture method
US20060111742A1 (en) * 2001-06-29 2006-05-25 Andrew Kaplan Suture method
US8028387B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-10-04 Quill Medical, Inc. System for supporting and cutting suture thread to create tissue retainers thereon
US20070187861A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2007-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of Forming Barbs on a Suture and Apparatus for Performing Same
US7913365B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-03-29 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7996968B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. Automated method for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US7225512B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2007-06-05 Quill Medical, Inc. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US8011072B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-06 Quill Medical, Inc. Method for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8015678B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-13 Quill Medical, Inc. Method for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8020263B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-09-20 Quill Medical, Inc. Automated system for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US20040237736A1 (en) * 2001-08-31 2004-12-02 Genova Perry A. Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7996967B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-08-16 Quill Medical, Inc. System for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8028388B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2011-10-04 Quill Medical, Inc. System for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8926659B2 (en) 2001-08-31 2015-01-06 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed suture created having barbs defined by variable-angle cut
US8652170B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-02-18 Ethicon, Inc. Double ended barbed suture with an intermediate body
US20040030354A1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-02-12 Leung Jeffrey C. Suture anchor and method
US8734486B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8690914B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-04-08 Ethicon, Inc. Suture with an intermediate barbed body
US8679158B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2014-03-25 Ethicon, Inc. Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8083770B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2011-12-27 Quill Medical, Inc. Suture anchor and method
US8795332B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed sutures
US9248580B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2016-02-02 Ethicon, Inc. Barb configurations for barbed sutures
US8721681B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-13 Ethicon, Inc. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US20040088003A1 (en) * 2002-09-30 2004-05-06 Leung Jeffrey C. Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US8734485B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-05-27 Ethicon, Inc. Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8852232B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-10-07 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8821540B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2014-09-02 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8032996B2 (en) 2003-05-13 2011-10-11 Quill Medical, Inc. Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US7624487B2 (en) 2003-05-13 2009-12-01 Quill Medical, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming barbs on a suture
US20040226427A1 (en) * 2003-05-13 2004-11-18 Michael Trull Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US20100298871A1 (en) * 2004-05-14 2010-11-25 Quill Medical, Inc. Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop
US8721664B2 (en) 2004-05-14 2014-05-13 Ethicon, Inc. Suture methods and devices
US8915943B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining systems for surgical procedures
US8793863B2 (en) 2007-04-13 2014-08-05 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US9498893B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2016-11-22 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8777987B2 (en) 2007-09-27 2014-07-15 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8916077B1 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-12-23 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material
US8771313B2 (en) 2007-12-19 2014-07-08 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8118834B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2012-02-21 Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US9044225B1 (en) 2007-12-20 2015-06-02 Ethicon, Inc. Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8615856B1 (en) 2008-01-30 2013-12-31 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8875607B2 (en) 2008-01-30 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US9125647B2 (en) 2008-02-21 2015-09-08 Ethicon, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures
US8216273B1 (en) 2008-02-25 2012-07-10 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8641732B1 (en) 2008-02-26 2014-02-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8876865B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2014-11-04 Ethicon, Inc. Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers
US8961560B2 (en) 2008-05-16 2015-02-24 Ethicon, Inc. Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods
US8932328B2 (en) 2008-11-03 2015-01-13 Ethicon, Inc. Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US20100153335A1 (en) * 2008-12-12 2010-06-17 Microsoft Corporation Synchronizing multiple classes with disparate schemas in the same collection
US9955962B2 (en) 2010-06-11 2018-05-01 Ethicon, Inc. Suture delivery tools for endoscopic and robot-assisted surgery and methods
US9675341B2 (en) 2010-11-09 2017-06-13 Ethicon Inc. Emergency self-retaining sutures and packaging
US10188384B2 (en) 2011-06-06 2019-01-29 Ethicon, Inc. Methods and devices for soft palate tissue elevation procedures

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