US7237418B2 - Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and member for extruding hollow light metal - Google Patents

Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and member for extruding hollow light metal Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US7237418B2
US7237418B2 US10/556,800 US55680005A US7237418B2 US 7237418 B2 US7237418 B2 US 7237418B2 US 55680005 A US55680005 A US 55680005A US 7237418 B2 US7237418 B2 US 7237418B2
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
metal
light
die
welding
hollow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
US10/556,800
Other versions
US20060207308A1 (en
Inventor
Sumihiko Maeno
Akira Sakae
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kobe Steel Ltd
Original Assignee
Kobe Steel Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2003146839 priority Critical
Application filed by Kobe Steel Ltd filed Critical Kobe Steel Ltd
Priority to PCT/JP2004/006601 priority patent/WO2004103596A1/en
Publication of US20060207308A1 publication Critical patent/US20060207308A1/en
Assigned to KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (KOBE STEEL, LTD.) reassignment KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (KOBE STEEL, LTD.) ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MAENO, SUMIHIKO, SAKAE, AKIRA
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US7237418B2 publication Critical patent/US7237418B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C31/00Control devices, e.g. for regulating the pressing speed or temperature of metal; Measuring devices, e.g. for temperature of metal, combined with or specially adapted for use in connection with extrusion presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C25/00Profiling tools for metal extruding
    • B21C25/02Dies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C25/00Profiling tools for metal extruding
    • B21C25/04Mandrels

Abstract

It is an object to realize and establish new extrusion technology for manufacturing a light-metal hollow member (product) having excellent mechanical properties with constant stability and also efficiently manufacturing the product having a strength satisfying a required level at low cost, by using a hollow die such as a bridge die. The object is achieved by dividing and joining/welding a light-metal material with a hollow extrusion die and then extruding the light-metal material to form in a desired cross-sectional shape through a die opening, wherein the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding is maintained at 1.8 or more and the extrusion is performed.

Description

This application is a 35 U.S.C. 371 of PCT/JP04/06601 filed May 11, 2004.
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to manufacturing technology of hollow members (products) made of light-metal such as aluminum by extrusion processes. Specifically, the present invention relates to extrusion technology for preparing hollow members having a variety of cross-sectional shapes from light-metal solid materials.
BACKGROUND ART
Conventional methods for manufacturing a hollow member made of light-metal such as an aluminum base alloy by hot extrusion are known, such as a method shown in FIG. 5. In this method, a light-metal material 1 molded into a solid billet is fed into a container 2 of an extruder under heating; a pressure is applied from the back (from the direction shown by an arrow A in the drawing) of the light-metal material 1 by a stem 3; and the light-metal material 1 is extruded from a die opening having a predetermined cross-sectional shape to the front (to the direction shown by an arrow B in the drawing) through a couple of hollow dies 4 provided in a die-holder 9 continuing to the container 2. Thus, a product of the hollow member 5 (a rectangular tube in this drawing example) is prepared.
In this method, a hollow die such as a bridge die, a porthole die, or a spider die is used as the couple of hollow dies 4. The porthole die as an example of the hollow die is shown in FIG. 6.
The couple of hollow dies 4 has an internal die 4 a positioned at the billet side and an external die 4 b positioned at the hollow member 5 side. Both dies 4 a and 4 b are fit to each other and used in an integrated manner.
The internal die 4 a includes a plurality of entry ports 6 (the example in the drawing has four entry ports, but one of them is not shown) perforated at a peripheral portion thereof and includes an internal bearing 7 a (mandrel) which protrudes toward the downstream direction (the external die 4 b side) in the extrusion at the central portion. The external die 4 b is provided with a recessed welding chamber 8 having an approximate cross shape corresponding to the respective entry ports 6 of the internal die 4 a. The welding chamber 8 has an external bearing 7 b of a hole passing through the external die 4 b in the axial direction at the central part. The external bearing 7 b is formed into a shape so that a gap with a specified shape (a thin-walled rectangular tube in this drawing example) can be formed when the internal bearing 7 a of the internal die 4 a is inserted into the external bearing 7 b. Thus, the hollow member 5 having a cross-section corresponding to the gap shape can be prepared by extrusion.
The mechanism of extrusion using the couple of hollow dies 4 will be briefly described with reference to FIG. 6. The light-metal material 1 is pushed from the direction of the arrow A and is pressed into the four entry ports 6 of the external die 4 b so as to be divided and to flow in the respective entry ports 6. Namely, the light-metal material 1 is divided into four parts 1 a, 1 b, 1 c, and 1 d. The divided parts 1 a to 1 d converge at the welding chamber 8 of the external die 4 b after passing through the entry ports 6 and are welded to be unified again. The unified light-metal material 1 is extruded from a gap between the external face of the internal bearing 7 a having a rectangular cross-section and the internal face of the external bearing 7 b having a rectangular cross-section for receiving the internal bearing 7 a with the gap in the direction of the arrow B. As a result, the hollow member (rectangular tube) 5 having a rectangular hollow cross-section corresponding to the gap shape is formed. Therefore, the resulting hollow member 5 has four edges of welding portions 5 a.
Namely, since the product of the hollow member 5 prepared by this method is extruded through the processes of dividing joining/welding which are not performed in a general method using a solid die, the hollow member 5 necessarily has the welding portions 5 a corresponding to the number and position of the entry ports 6 of the couple of hollow dies 4. The metallurgical welding adhesion between the welding portions and bearing portions (non-welded portions) influences mechanical properties, such as tensile strength, proof stress, and elongation, of the hollow member, in particular, largely influences strength. Defects in the welding adhesion of the welding portions causes fracture and deformation during secondary fabrication or in use thereafter; thus, the quality may not be sufficiently guaranteed.
The extrusion using the bridge die has an advantage of that the bridge die has a life cycle longer than that of other hollow dies, but has a disadvantage of that the operation for ensuring the strength of the welding portions is difficult. For example, an aluminum base alloy can be used without causing problems in some products which are not required to have relatively high strength, such as JIS-3000 series and JIS-6000 series. However, in products which are required to have high strength, such as JIS-7000 series, it is very difficult to ensure enough strength of the welding portions because of the metallurgical properties of the aluminum base alloy. Furthermore, in the case of JIS-5000 series, it is believed in this field that the extrusion using the hollow die is impossible. Thus, even development has been abandoned.
In cooperation with such conventional conditions, no method suitable for previously evaluating the strength of the welding portions exists. Actually, the strength cannot be confirmed until a test such as a tube expansion test after the manufacturing is performed. Therefore, the lack of strength often occurs in products, and the yield ratio is low, which is a problem. When the lack of strength is found, the die shape or extruding conditions are altered according to experimental knowledge or trial and error. Such countermeasures lack in repeatability and versatility and cannot sufficiently and rapidly respond to new product shapes and prescribed properties manufactured for the first time. Furthermore, the fabricated dies are useless, which is extremely inefficient.
The present invention has been accomplished under such circumstances. It is an object of the present invention to realize and establish new extrusion technology for stably manufacturing a light-metal hollow member (product) having excellent mechanical properties by solving all the basic problems relating to strength of the welding portions in the extrusion using a hollow die such as a bridge die, and also efficiently manufacturing the product having a strength satisfying a required level at low cost.
DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION
In order to achieve the object, the following configuration is adopted in the present invention.
Namely, the present invention relates to a method for extruding a light-metal material using a hollow extrusion die. The method includes a process for dividing the light-metal material once and then joining them and welding with each other; and a process for extruding the light-metal material after the joining to form in a desired cross-sectional shape through a die opening of the hollow extrusion die. In the process for extruding, the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding is maintained at 1.8 or more and the extrusion is performed.
The term “strain level” as used herein means an average of equivalent strain level distribution generated in the light-metal material from the cross-section at the welding chamber to the product cross-section at the die outlet.
The tensile strength of the welding portions in a product can be increased to a level close to that of bearing portions by maintaining the strain level at 1.8 or more.
This method can be applied to a variety of light-metal materials. In particular, it is efficient when the metal constituting the light-metal member is an aluminum base alloy.
The present invention relates to extrusion of a light-metal hollow member by extruding a light-metal material using a hollow extrusion die after dividing and joining/welding the light-metal material so as to have a desired cross-sectional shape. The extrusion of the light-metal material is performed by examining a correlation between the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding and the welding strength of the welding portions of a product after the extrusion; determining a strain level corresponding to a target welding strength on the basis of the correlation as a target strain level; and maintaining the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding at the target strain level or more.
Furthermore, the present invention relates to a hollow extrusion die used for extrusion of a light-metal hollow member having a desired cross-sectional shape by extruding a light-metal material after dividing and joining/welding. The hollow extrusion die is designed so that the extrusion can be performed while a strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding can be maintained at 1.8 or more.
Preferably, the hollow extrusion die is a bridge die, a porthole die, or a spider die.
Furthermore, the present invention relates to a light-metal hollow member prepared by extruding a light-metal material so as to have a desired cross-sectional shape after the dividing and joining/welding of the light-metal material. The light-metal hollow member is prepared by maintaining a strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding at 1.8 or more and performing the extrusion, and the strength of the welding portions is 90% or more of that of bearing portions.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1( a) is a perspective view of an example of a hollow die used in hollow extrusion, and FIG. 1( b) is a cross-sectional front view of the die.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional plan view showing changes in cross-sectional area of a molding material at the respective positions of the hollow die.
FIGS. 3( a) and (b) are partial cross-sectional front views for describing the sizes of various types of the hollow dies.
FIG. 4 is a graph showing a relationship between the strain level and the welding strength on the basis of the experimental results of extrusion using a hollow die.
FIG. 5 is a schematic explanatory cross-sectional view of a hollow-extrusion apparatus.
FIG. 6 is a partial cross-sectional perspective view of an example of a hollow die used in the hollow-extrusion apparatus.
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
The principles, functions, and preferable embodiments will now be described in detail.
The inventors have conducted experiments and investigated by focusing on factors influencing the strength of the welding portions in order to overcome the aforementioned problems. As a result, it has been found that the strength is quantitatively controlled by the strain level which the light-metal material receives at a particular portion of the hollow die instead of the product temperature which is generally thought. Furthermore, the inventors have advanced the research to experimentally find that when the strain level exceeds a certain threshold, the strength of the welding portions is improved to a level close to that of the bearing portions (non-welded portions). It has been revealed that a high-quality hollow member having high weld strength can be prepared and, additionally, hollow members satisfying various requirements of strength level can be unrestrainedly manufactured by quantifying the relationship between the strain level and the shape and configuration of the hollow die on the basis of these facts and by incorporating the results into the design of the die.
In order to clarify the influence of the strain level on the welding strength, the inventors have first investigated changes in the cross-sectional area of a billet material to know how the pressurized billet material in a container is deformed on the course of being extruded as a product through a hollow die.
FIGS. 1( a) and (b) show an example of a bridge-type die 4. FIG. 2( a) to (d) show regions at each position of the die where metal (a molding material to be molded into a billet) lies, namely, typically show a cross-sectional shape of the metal. In these drawings, the peripheral outer wall and other members of the die 4 are omitted for easy viewing.
The die 4 includes an internal die 4 a and an external die 4 b which fit to each other. The internal die 4 a includes a bridge body 41 having a cross shape and legs 42 b protruding downward from four ends of the bridge body 41 in an integrated manner, and an internal bearing 7 a protrudes downward from the central portion of the bridge body 41. The top face of the external die 4 b includes a concave 43 for receiving the legs 42 of the internal die 4 a. The concave 43 is provided with an external bearing 7 b of a hole passing through the external die 4 a in the axial direction at the central position of the bottom face. Relative relationship between both bearing 7 a and 7 b is similar to that shown in FIG. 5 and FIG. 6.
In the die 4, as in the apparatus shown in FIG. 5, the cross-sectional shape of a light-metal material 1 is significantly changed during that the light-metal material 1 molded into a billet is fed into the container from the direction of the arrow A and then is finally extruded as a product to the direction of the arrow B. FIG. 2 shows the transition of the cross-sectional shape by focusing on a sector region S having a central angle of 45° shown in FIG. 1( a).
Specifically, FIGS. 2( a), (b), (c), and (d) show the cross-sectional shapes of the light-metal material 1 at the positions of the height of the line I—I, line II—II, line III—III, and line IV—IV, respectively, shown in FIG. 1( b). In the light-metal material 1, a flowing part at the central side of the die 4 and a accumulating part which the material does not flow to be left at the outside of the flowing part are generated. In FIGS. 2( a), (b), (c), and (d), the flowing part 1 a of the light-metal material 1 is shown by fine mesh and the non-flowing part 1 b is shown by rough mesh.
At the position of the line I—I, namely, at the position in the container above the die 4, the flowing part 1 a of the light-metal material 1 fills the entire cross-sectional area. At the position of the line II—II, namely, at the position above the legs 42 but the bridge body 41 lies, the light-metal material 1 is divided into four parts with the bridge body 41 as shown in FIG. 2( b) and the divided cross-sectional area decreases corresponding to the opening area of the bridge body 41.
Then, the divided parts pass the bridge body 41 and reach the position of the line III—III where the legs 42 lie, and are joined again and welded with each other in a welding chamber 8 formed inside the legs 42 and below the bridge body 41. Therefore, the cross-sectional shape of the metal (molding material) herein is as shown in FIG. 2( c).
At the position of the line IV—IV where both bearings 7 a and 7 b lie, the cross-sectional area of the metal is controlled by the size of the gap formed between the bearings 7 a and 7 b as shown in FIG. 2( d) and significantly decreases compared to the cross-sectional area shown in FIG. 2( c).
The inventors have investigated the transition of the cross-sectional area as referred to above and have concluded that the strain level applied to the metal during from the portion of the welding chamber 8 after the joining as shown in FIG. 2( c) to the portion after the molding as shown in FIG. 2( d) in each of the above-mentioned positions may largely influence on the welding strength. The term “strain level” as used herein means an average of equivalent strain level distribution from the cross-section at the welding chamber to the product cross-section at the die outlet, as described above.
Consequently, the strain level is largely controlled by the cross-sectional area (Ae) of the light-metal material 1 in the welding chamber 8 and the cross-sectional area (Atp) of a product, and is also changed by the welding chamber height (HM) and the die thickness (HD) shown in FIGS. 3( a) and (b). FIG. 3( a) shows the dimension of a bridge die or a spider die having the bridge body 41, and FIG. 3( b) shows the dimension of a porthole die having an entry port 6. In these drawings, X denotes the position of a face of the entry port, Y denotes the position of the top face of the welding chamber (top face of joining portion), and Z denotes the position of a face of the die opening.
The inventors have obtained a clear conclusion that problems in the welding strength can be fundamentally solved by quantifying relationship between these die-designing factors and the strain level and designing the die on the basis of the qualified relationship. Though a specific method for the quantification (construction of formula or function) of the designing factors and the strain level is not particularly described here, with the determination of the die shape, the strain level can be calculated by utilizing known numerical analysis such as finite element analysis or difference calculus. Therefore, the correlation between the die-designing factors and the strain level can be relatively readily determined.
The inventors have investigated and examined the relationship among the welding strength, strain level, and their controlling factors. Then, in order to confirm the relationship can be effectively applied to actual technology, experimental extrusion of an aluminum base alloy such as 7000 series using as a test material was performed by using hollow dies of various shapes, and the strain level and the tensile strength of the resulting hollow member at each condition were measured. The following Table 1 shows experimental conditions, and Table 2 shows the results.
The extrusion in this experiment was performed under process conditions in which the extrusion temperature was 450 to 550° C., the extrusion force was 1500 to 3500 t, and the extrusion ratio was 10 to 140. The term “EP” in Table 1 is an abbreviation of entry port.
TABLE 1
Welding
Test material Die chamber Product cross-
(Type of Aluminum thickness height sectional area EP area
No. base alloy) Die type HD (mm) HM (mm) Atp (mm2) Am(mm2)
1 JIS7N01 Bridge 145 35 1053 18188
2 JIS7N01 Entry 160 30 4005 27760
3 JIS7075 Porthole 185 35 4475 37468
4 JIS7003 Spider 50 10 1906 15768
5 JIS7N01 Bridge 30 20 255 9488
6 JIS7003 Spider 30 8 255 9488
7 JIS7N01 Porthole 30 20 255 5251
8 JIS7075 Bridge 30 8 255 5251
9 JIS7N01 Bridge 100 25 1562 33970
10 JIS7075 Porthole 100 20 1102 29517
11 JIS7N01 Bridge 60 10 725 10378
TABLE 2
Tensile strength at welding portion/
No. Strain level tensile strength at bearing portion
1 1.59 Poor
2 0.75 Poor
3 0.87 Poor
4 0.90 Poor
5 3.22 Good
6 2.37 Good
7 2.64 Good
8 1.83 Good
9 2.41 Good
10 3.15 Good
11 1.78 Poor
Table 2 shows that the tensile strength ratios in all test materials having a strain level of 1.8 or more were or more, unlike the test materials having a strain level than 1.8. It is observed that the welding strength at the welding portion does not highly different from that of the bearing portion. Therefore, excellent hollow members having the welding portions with high strength can be stably manufactured by that a threshold of the strain level is determined at 1.8 and the extrusion is performed while maintaining the strain level at the threshold or more.
FIG. 4 is a graph showing the relationship between the strain level and the welding strength when the number of the test materials are increased by adding the results of further experiments in addition to the above results. In the drawing, the solid line parallel to X-axis positioned at a tensile strength ratio between the welding portion and the bearing portion of 100% shows the tensile strength of the bearing portion (non-welding portion), and the dotted curve line shows the tensile strength of the welding portion.
With referred to the drawing, there is a clear positive correlation between the strain level and the welding strength, and when the strain level is 1.8 or more, as was expected, the strength ratio is 90% or more. Thus, it is observed that the welding portion is also excellent in strength. Furthermore, in particular, it is observed that the strain level in the range of 2.4 or more can generate the welding portion having very high strength such as a strength ratio of 95% or more, and that a hollow member of improved high quality being almost equal to strength of a bearing material can be provided. Namely, these experimental results show the strain level must be maintained at 1.8 or more during the extrusion in order to prepare the light-metal hollow member having a tensile strength ratio of 90% or more, in particular, when the strain level is maintained at 2.4 or more during the extrusion, the light-metal hollow member having high strength characteristics can be prepared.
As described above, the light-metal hollow member having sufficient welding strength can be stably prepared by examining the correlation between the strain level and the welding strength; determining a strain level corresponding to a target welding strength on the basis of the resulting correlation and using the strain level as a target strain level; designing a hollow extrusion die so that the strain level applied to the light-metal hollow material is maintained at the target strain level or more during the extrusion after the joining/welding; and performing the extrusion using the die.
In the above-mentioned embodiment, the beneficial effects of the present invention was verified by using aluminum base alloys. The present invention can be applied to the extrusion of other light-metals (including alloys), for example, tin, antimony, titanium, magnesium, and beryllium, to obtain similar effects.

Claims (6)

1. Extrusion of a light-metal hollow member by extruding a light-metal material using a hollow extrusion die, the extrusion comprising:
a process for dividing the light-metal material once and then joining them and welding with each other; and
a process for extruding the light-metal material after the joining into a desired cross-sectional shape through a die opening of the hollow extrusion die, wherein
a strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding is maintained at 1.8 or more in the process for extruding and the extrusion is performed.
2. The extrusion of a light-metal hollow member according to claim 1, wherein metal constituting the light-metal member is an aluminum base alloy.
3. Extrusion of a light-metal hollow member by extruding a light-metal material using a hollow extrusion die after dividing and joining/welding the light-metal material so as to have a desired cross-sectional shape, wherein a correlation between the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding and the welding strength of the welding portions of a product after the extrusion is examined; a strain level corresponding to a target welding strength is determined as a target strain level on the basis of the correlation; and the strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding is maintained at the target strain level or more during the extrusion of the light-metal material.
4. A hollow extrusion die used for extrusion of a light-metal hollow member having a desired cross-sectional shape by extruding a light-metal material after dividing and joining/welding, wherein the hollow extrusion die is designed so that a strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding can be maintained at 1.8 or more and the extrusion can be performed.
5. The hollow extrusion die according to claim 4, wherein the die is a bridge die, a porthole die, or a spider die.
6. A light-metal hollow member prepared by extruding a light-metal material so as to have a desired cross-sectional shape after dividing and joining/welding the light-metal material, wherein the light-metal hollow member is prepared by maintaining a strain level applied to the light-metal material after the joining/welding at 1.8 or more and performing the extrusion; and the strength of the welding portions is 90% or more of that of bearing portions.
US10/556,800 2003-05-23 2004-05-11 Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and member for extruding hollow light metal Active US7237418B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2003146839 2003-05-23
PCT/JP2004/006601 WO2004103596A1 (en) 2003-05-23 2004-05-11 Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and memeber for extruding hollow light metal

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20060207308A1 US20060207308A1 (en) 2006-09-21
US7237418B2 true US7237418B2 (en) 2007-07-03

Family

ID=37008891

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/556,800 Active US7237418B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2004-05-11 Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and member for extruding hollow light metal

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US7237418B2 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080017286A1 (en) * 2004-03-04 2008-01-24 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Methods of extruding magnesium alloys
US20090011272A1 (en) * 2007-07-05 2009-01-08 Alcoa Inc. Metal bodies containing microcavities and apparatus and methods relating thereto
US20140283577A1 (en) * 2011-09-13 2014-09-25 Nikkeiken Aluminium Core Technology Company, Ltd. Extrusion die for forming hollow material

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101837385B (en) * 2010-04-10 2012-04-11 江阴市江顺模具有限公司 Large-sized die with stepped diversion, multi-stage diffluence and complicated section
US20150047405A1 (en) * 2013-08-16 2015-02-19 Mississippi State University Methods and Systems for Extrusion

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3520168A (en) * 1966-08-01 1970-07-14 Dow Chemical Co Feederhole die
US3575030A (en) * 1967-11-01 1971-04-13 Dow Chemical Co Slanted weld extrusion process
US4425374A (en) * 1982-04-26 1984-01-10 Reynolds Metals Company Method of making electrical cable
US5296190A (en) * 1990-06-22 1994-03-22 Aluminum Company Of America Metallurgical products improved by deformation processing
US6233500B1 (en) * 1997-06-19 2001-05-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Optimization and control of microstructure development during hot metal working
JP2002018515A (en) 2000-07-03 2002-01-22 Kobe Steel Ltd Method and device for extruding metallic product having hollow cross section
JP2003013191A (en) 2001-06-28 2003-01-15 Ngk Insulators Ltd Straight pipe made from metal mainly including aluminum, manufacturing method therfor, and inspection method

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3520168A (en) * 1966-08-01 1970-07-14 Dow Chemical Co Feederhole die
US3575030A (en) * 1967-11-01 1971-04-13 Dow Chemical Co Slanted weld extrusion process
US4425374A (en) * 1982-04-26 1984-01-10 Reynolds Metals Company Method of making electrical cable
US5296190A (en) * 1990-06-22 1994-03-22 Aluminum Company Of America Metallurgical products improved by deformation processing
US6233500B1 (en) * 1997-06-19 2001-05-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Optimization and control of microstructure development during hot metal working
JP2002018515A (en) 2000-07-03 2002-01-22 Kobe Steel Ltd Method and device for extruding metallic product having hollow cross section
JP2003013191A (en) 2001-06-28 2003-01-15 Ngk Insulators Ltd Straight pipe made from metal mainly including aluminum, manufacturing method therfor, and inspection method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080017286A1 (en) * 2004-03-04 2008-01-24 Gm Global Technology Operations, Inc. Methods of extruding magnesium alloys
US7967928B2 (en) * 2004-03-04 2011-06-28 GM Global Technologies Operations LLC Methods of extruding magnesium alloys
US20090011272A1 (en) * 2007-07-05 2009-01-08 Alcoa Inc. Metal bodies containing microcavities and apparatus and methods relating thereto
US8298682B2 (en) * 2007-07-05 2012-10-30 Alcoa Inc. Metal bodies containing microcavities and apparatus and methods relating thereto
US20130000123A1 (en) * 2007-07-05 2013-01-03 Alcoa Inc. Metal bodies containing microcavities and apparatus and methods relating thereto
US8756815B2 (en) * 2007-07-05 2014-06-24 Alcoa Inc. Methods of structural health monitoring using metal bodies containing microcavities
US20140283577A1 (en) * 2011-09-13 2014-09-25 Nikkeiken Aluminium Core Technology Company, Ltd. Extrusion die for forming hollow material
US9162267B2 (en) * 2011-09-13 2015-10-20 Nippon Light Metal Company, Ltd. Extrusion die for forming hollow material

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US20060207308A1 (en) 2006-09-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7237418B2 (en) Method of extruding hollow light metal member, die for extruding hollow light metal, and member for extruding hollow light metal
US7156930B2 (en) Aluminum alloy pipe having multistage formability
CN103966490B (en) 7000 series aluminum alloy member excellent in stress corrosion cracking resistance and method for manufacturing the same
US8191393B2 (en) Micro-channel tubes and apparatus and method for forming micro-channel tubes
KR101280739B1 (en) Extrusion die for metallic material
JP5010196B2 (en) Heat-resistant aluminum alloy shape manufacturing method, heat-resistant aluminum alloy shape material and heat-resistant aluminum alloy shape forming apparatus
EP1637246B1 (en) Method of extruding hollow light metal member
JP4092306B2 (en) Hollow light metal member extrusion method, hollow extrusion die, and hollow light metal extrusion member
CN106112388A (en) A kind of overall superplastic forming method of variable cross-section barrel-type casing
JP5635380B2 (en) Extrusion die apparatus and extrusion processing method
JP2004255400A (en) Aluminum alloy difference thickness blank material manufacturing method
CA2025995C (en) Process for producing a large calibre plastic pipe and an extrusion tool for the process
Chahare et al. Optimization of aluminium extrusion process using taguchi method
Hsu et al. Formation ability welding seams and mechanical properties of high strength alloy AA7075 when extrusion hollow square tube
Lee et al. Process analysis and die design in 12 cells condenser tube extrusion of Al3003
JP2015066555A (en) Extrusion die for molding hollow-shaped material
RU2352417C2 (en) Pressing method of profiles and matrix for implementation of current method
US20190374988A1 (en) Method for forming a moulding and moulding
Lee et al. Extrusion of AA 3003 micro condenser tube with multi-hole and thin wall section using porthole die
Hu et al. Experimental and numerical study on hydroforming characteristics of friction stir welded aluminum alloy tubes
KR101787884B1 (en) Porthole die mold structure having multiple welding chamber
RU2574900C1 (en) Method of producing of bimetallic adapters with small diameter by multiple-stage forming
RU2403117C2 (en) Method of producing bimetal small-diametre adaptor by multi-stage forming
US20020038564A1 (en) Eccentric pipe Sections
US3520168A (en) Feederhole die

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AS Assignment

Owner name: KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (KOBE STEEL, LTD.)

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MAENO, SUMIHIKO;SAKAE, AKIRA;REEL/FRAME:019355/0923

Effective date: 20051001

STCF Information on status: patent grant

Free format text: PATENTED CASE

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

MAFP Maintenance fee payment

Free format text: PAYMENT OF MAINTENANCE FEE, 12TH YEAR, LARGE ENTITY (ORIGINAL EVENT CODE: M1553); ENTITY STATUS OF PATENT OWNER: LARGE ENTITY

Year of fee payment: 12