US72327A - porter - Google Patents

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US72327A
US72327A US72327DA US72327A US 72327 A US72327 A US 72327A US 72327D A US72327D A US 72327DA US 72327 A US72327 A US 72327A
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Prior art keywords
screw
lever
pressure
head
vise
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05GCONTROL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS INSOFAR AS CHARACTERISED BY MECHANICAL FEATURES ONLY
    • G05G1/00Controlling members, e.g. knobs or handles; Assemblies or arrangements thereof; Indicating position of controlling members
    • G05G1/08Controlling members for hand actuation by rotary movement, e.g. hand wheels
    • G05G1/10Details, e.g. of discs, knobs, wheels or handles
    • G05G1/12Means for securing the members on rotatable spindles or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20576Elements
    • Y10T74/20732Handles
    • Y10T74/20762Shaft connections

Description

@umh im geirrt @frn H. K. PORTER AND T. PRTER, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS. l

Lettere .Patent No. 72,327, dated Decenltber 17, 1867.

IMPROVEMENT IN VISES.

TO ALL WHOM I'l MAYr CON CERN: Be it known that we, H. K. PORTER and` T. W.'PoRTEn, ot' Boston, in the county of'S'uflolk, and State of l Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Improvement-in Vises; and do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, makinga part of this specification, in whichl Figure 1 is a perspective view of the visescrew and lever, a portion of the screw-head being broken away to show our improvement, and v Figure 2 is a sectional view of the same.

Similar letters indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

In the screw-heads of vis'es, the handle or lever by which they are turned is almost universally in practice free to slide in the hole'm'ade through such head, in order that the operative length and force of the lever may be changed at will. But when thus free, unless it hangs in a true vertical line, or lies in a true horizontal line, the force of gravitation tends to varyits position after the vise has been tightened, and so loosen or tighten-its holdI upon the article griped in thejaws ot' the vise. IE this pressure be gentle, as isoi'ten required, the lever, by loosening the screw, releases the article held. The sudden dropping of this .lever when the workman has tightened or loosened the vise, and has not quickly removed his hand, is the cause of much annoyance and pain, as well as delay in the work, by reason ofthe very common accident of catching or pinching the fingers between the screw-head and the knob of the falling lever, causing contusions, and what are known as blood-blisters.

For the rapid adjustment of the vise, it is also very desirable that the lever may project equally en both sides of the screw, and held in such position, or any other position in the head as long as may be convenient.

It is also desirable that the amount of pressure on the lever which serves to accomplish thesel'ast-mentioned purposes, as well as to avoid the disadvantages and inconveniences previously stated, should be such as to be4 adjustable and always under control, and that the devices for eecting this shouldhe such as Vmayserve to meet and compensate for the wear upon that surfacewhich comes in contact with this frequently shifted lever.

To effect these results, and avoid these dihculties which constantly beset the workman, is the object of our invention, which consists in holding the levers in any desired position in the screw-head by means of adjustable and controllable elastic pressure, and also in a certain specific combination of devices to effect this purpose.

To enable others skilled in the art to malte and use our invention, we will proceed to describe its construction and operation.

In the drawings, A. represents the vise-screw, and I3 the lever by which the screw is actuated. From the end ofthe screw-head, through to the hole for thc reception of tlio'lever, we bore a Lsmall hole in the airis ofthe screw. In this hole is inserted a plunger, a, a spiral metallic spring, b, which bears against the plunger, and then a set-screw, c, is inserted, the outer part of the hole being cut with a female screw for that purpose, and by actuating the set-screw, any desired degree of pressure may be exerted upon the lever B.

This invention is applicable to all varieties oi visos, and can be applied at the most tritling expense. It will be apparent that a great variety of devices can be employed to pr duce pressure upon the lever for the purpose of controlling its movements. Either springs or packing can be used for such purpose. And itis our intention hereby to secure not onlythe device here shown in combination with the screw and'lever, but also the right to control the lever by elastic adjustable pressure. l

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. Controlling' the sliding levers of vises by means of a spring, whose pressure may be varied at will by a screw inserted'in the head ofthe vise-screw, substantially as set forth.

2. The combination ofthe plunger, the spring, and set-screw, substantially as and for the purpose described.

H. K. PORTER, T. W. PORTER.

Witnesses:

J osnrn REED, E.v C. Pon'rnn. i

US72327A porter Expired - Lifetime US72327A (en)

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