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Driving method for active matrix OLED display

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US7218295B2
US7218295B2 US10791158 US79115804A US7218295B2 US 7218295 B2 US7218295 B2 US 7218295B2 US 10791158 US10791158 US 10791158 US 79115804 A US79115804 A US 79115804A US 7218295 B2 US7218295 B2 US 7218295B2
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oled
transistor
current
driving
coupled
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US20040227706A1 (en )
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Chao-Chin Sung
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AU Optronics Corp
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AU Optronics Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • G09G2300/0861Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor with additional control of the display period without amending the charge stored in a pixel memory, e.g. by means of additional select electrodes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • G09G2300/0861Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor with additional control of the display period without amending the charge stored in a pixel memory, e.g. by means of additional select electrodes
    • G09G2300/0866Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor with additional control of the display period without amending the charge stored in a pixel memory, e.g. by means of additional select electrodes by means of changes in the pixel supply voltage
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0243Details of the generation of driving signals
    • G09G2310/0254Control of polarity reversal in general, other than for liquid crystal displays
    • G09G2310/0256Control of polarity reversal in general, other than for liquid crystal displays with the purpose of reversing the voltage across a light emitting or modulating element within a pixel
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/04Maintaining the quality of display appearance
    • G09G2320/043Preventing or counteracting the effects of ageing

Abstract

A driving method for an active matrix OLED display. In the driving method, a first current is provided to flow through an OLED of a pixel in a first period of one display period, according to a video signal on the data electrode and a scan signal on the scan electrode. Next, a second current is provided to flow through the OLED in a second period of the display period to neutralize carrier accumulation inside the OLED, wherein the first current and the second current flow in opposite directions.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a driving method, and more particularly, to a driving method for an active matrix OLED display, as well as a pixel structure using the same.

2. Description of the Related Art

Typically, an active matrix OLED display employs a large number of pixels to present an image, and controls the brightness of each pixel according to a brightness data.

FIG. 1 shows a pixel structure 10 of an active matrix organic light emitting diode (AMOLED). The switching transistor T1 is turned on and a data voltage indicated brightness is applied to a data electrode DATA when the scan electrode SCAN is activated. Thus, the storage capacitor Cs is charged or discharged, and the potential at the gate of the driving transistor T2 may coincide with that of the data voltage. The switching transistor T1 is turned off and the driving transistor T2 is electrically isolated from the data electrode DATA when the scan electrode SCAN is not activated. The data voltage is stored in the storage capacitor Cs, and the potential at the gate of the driving transistor T2 is maintained. The produced driving current I flows to the OLED 20 through the driving transistor T2 according to the voltage (Vgs) between the gate and source of the driving transistor T2. The OLED 20 then continuously illuminates according to the driving current I.

That is, in one display frame, the current received by the OLED is fixed. However, this driving method accumulates carriers inside the OLED 20 which reduce the life of the OLEDs. Moreover, the voltage Vo across the OLED gradually increases over time as shown in FIG. 3. Further, as shown by the formula P=I×V, as the voltage Vo increases over time, the power P also increases. In FIG. 3, curve C1 shows the effect of the voltage Vo of the OLED over time.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore an object of the present invention to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED of an LCD, thereby reducing the increase in voltage and minimizing the increase in power consumption across both ends of the OLED over time, further increasing the life of the OLED.

According to the above mentioned objects, the present invention provides a driving method for an active matrix OLED display. The driving method provides a first current to flow through an OLED of a pixel in a first period of one display period, according to a video signal on the data electrode and a scan signal on the scan electrode. Next, a second current is provided to flow through the OLED in a second period of the display period to neutralize carrier accumulation inside the OLED. Wherein the first current and the second current flow in opposite directions.

According to the above mentioned objects, the present invention provides a pixel structure of an active matrix OLED display, which is capable of neutralizing carrier accumulation in an OLED. In the pixel structure of the present invention, a switching transistor has a control terminal coupled to a scan electrode and a first terminal coupled to a data electrode. A driving transistor has a control terminal coupled to a second electrode of the switching transistor and a first terminal coupled to a power voltage. An OLED has an anode coupled to the second terminal of the driving transistor, and a cathode coupled to a common electrode. A storage capacitor has one terminal coupled to the control terminal of the driving transistor. A neutralization control circuit is coupled between the OLED and a first voltage, according to a control signal, to pull down the potential at the anode of the OLED thereby inducing a reverse current to neutralize the carrier accumulation in the OLED. The potential of the first voltage is lower than that at the cathode of the OLED.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention can be more fully understood by reading the subsequent detailed description and examples with reference made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 shows a pixel structure of a conventional active matrix OLED display;

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a conventional driving method for active matrix OLED display;

FIG. 3 shows the relationship between the voltage across both ends of the OLED and its life in the conventional pixel structure;

FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a driving method of the present invention;

FIG. 5 shows the pixel structure of an active matrix OLED display according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 is another diagram illustrating the driving method of the present invention;

FIG. 7 shows the relationship between the voltage across both ends of the OLED and its life using the conventional driving method and that of the present invention; and

FIG. 8 shows the relationship between the brightness and OLED life according to the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

FIG. 4 shows a pixel structure 100 of an active matrix OLED display. In the pixel structure 100, the switching transistor T11 has a control terminal coupled to a scan electrode SCAN, and a first terminal coupled to a data electrode DATA. A driving transistor T21 has a control terminal coupled to a second terminal of the switching transistor T11, and a first terminal coupled to a power voltage VDD. An OLED 20 has an anode coupled to the second terminal of the driving transistor T21, and a cathode coupled to a common electrode (not shown), wherein the common electrode has a potential of VCOM. A storage capacitor C11 has one terminal coupled to the control terminal of the driving transistor T21.

The driving method of the present invention is described below with reference to FIG. 4 and FIG. 6. First, in a first period Tf of one display frame N, a first current is provided and flows through the OLED 20 according to a data signal on the electrode DATA and a scan signal on the scan electrode SCAN. That is, the switching transistor T11 is turned on and the storage capacitor C11 is charged or discharged by the data signal on the data electrode DATA according to the scan signal on the scan electrode SCAN. At this time, the gate voltage of the driving transistor T21 can be adjusted and stored in the storage capacitor C11. The driving transistor T21 provides the first current If to flow through the OLED 20 according to the gate voltage of the transistor T21, and the OLED illuminates accordingly. The switching transistor T11 is then turned off, but driving transistor T21 is still turned on according to the voltage stored in the storage capacitor C11, and the OLED 20 illuminates with the same brightness. Because of the above mentioned step, carrier accumulation in the OLED 20, and further, the voltage across both ends of the OLED 20 increases as over time. Thus, the effective life of the OLED 20 may be reduced.

In view of this, the present invention provides a step of providing a second current Ir opposite to the first current If to flow through the OLED in a second period Tr of the display frame N. For example, the current If flows from anode to cathode and the current Ir flows from cathode to anode, and vice versa. In the present invention neutralizes carrier accumulation in the OLED 20 by the second current Ir. The time ratio of the first period Tf to the second period Tr can be between 1:1˜105:1, for example 10:1.

In this embodiment, the second current Ir is obtained by pulling up the potential VCOM at the cathode of the OLED higher than the power voltage VDD. As the potential VCOM at the cathode of the OLED 20 is higher than the power voltage VDD, the potential VCOM is higher than the voltage Vr at the anode of the OLED 20. Thus, the voltage Vo across the OLED 20 becomes negative, and the second current Ir opposite to the first current If is produced to neutralize the carrier accumulation in the OLED 20. In addition, the second current Ir opposite to the first current If can also be obtained by providing a negative voltage across the anode and cathode of the OLED. Alternately, the second current Ir can be provided to flow through the OLED 20 before each first period Tf (first current If) of the display frame N.

Additionally, the present invention provides a pixel structure capable of neutralizing carrier accumulation in OLED, as shown in FIG. 5. In FIG. 5, a switching transistor T11 has a control terminal coupled to a scan electrode SCAN and a first terminal coupled to a data electrode DATA. A driving transistor T21 has a control terminal coupled to a second electrode of the switching transistor T11 and a first terminal coupled to a power voltage VDD. The OLED 20 has an anode coupled to the second terminal of the driving transistor T21, and a cathode coupled to a common electrode (not shown) A storage capacitor C11 has one terminal coupled to the control terminal of the driving transistor T21.

The present invention utilizes a transistor T3 as a neutralization control circuit coupled between the OLED and a first voltage Vs, wherein the potential of the first voltage Vs is lower than the potential VCOM at the cathode of the OLED 20. In the second period Tr of the display frame N, the transistor T3 pulls the potential Vr at the anode of the OLED 20 lower than the potential VCOM, according to a control signal S1. At this time, the voltage Vo across the OLED 20 becomes negative, and thus a reverse current Ir opposite to the current If is induced to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED 20. For example, the current If flows from anode to cathode and the current Ir flows from cathode to anode, and vice versa. The time ratio of the first period Tf (current If) between and the second period Tr (current Ir) can be 1:1˜105:1, for example 10:1. The embodiment of the present invention for producing a reverse current to flow through an OLED is provided as an example, and is not intended to constrain the application of this invention.

FIG. 7 shows the relationship between the voltage Vo across both ends of the OLED 20 and its life using the conventional driving method and the method of the present invention. Curve C1 shows the relationship between the voltage Vo across both ends of the OLED 20 and its life in the present invention. Curve C2 show the relationship between the voltage Vo across both ends of the OLED and its life using the conventional driving method. Obviously, the present invention can reduce increased voltage across both ends of the OLED over time. Additionally, the present invention can also reduce increased power consumption of to OLED over time, as shown by the formula P=I×V.

FIG. 8 shows the relationship between the brightness and the life of an OLED according to the present invention. In FIG. 8, curve C3 shows the relationship between the brightness and the life of an OLED without using a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED. Curve C4 shows the relationship between the brightness and the life of an OLED with a reverse current Ir to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED, wherein the time ratio of the first period Tf (current If) to the second period Tr (current Ir) is 10:1. Curve C5 shows the relationship between the brightness and the life of an OLED using the reverse current, wherein the time ratio of the first period Tf (current If) to the second period Tr (current Ir) is 100:1. Curve C5 shows the relationship between the brightness and the life of an OLED with the reverse current, wherein time ratio of the first period Tf (current If) to the second period Tr (current Ir) is 500:1. As shown in FIG. 8, the life of OLED using a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation therein is about double of the conventional OLED and driving method not employing reverse current. Therefore, the present invention reduces the increase in voltage and minimizes the increase in power consumption across both ends of the OLED over time, further increasing the life of the OLED.

Furthermore, in the present invention, a period for producing a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED is not limited to one display frame but extend to two or more display frames. For example, the first, fourth and seventh display frames each have a period for producing a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation in the OLED. The second, third, fifth and sixth display frames have no period for producing a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation in an OLED.

While the invention has been described by way of example and in terms of the preferred embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments. To the contrary, it is intended to cover various modifications and similar arrangements (as would be apparent to those skilled in the art). Therefore, the scope of the appended claims should be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and similar arrangements.

Claims (6)

1. A pixel structure for active matrix OLED display, comprising:
a switching transistor having a control terminal coupled to a scan electrode and a first terminal coupled to a data electrode;
a driving transistor having a control terminal coupled to a second electrode of the switching transistor and a first terminal coupled to a power voltage;
a OLED having an anode coupled to the second terminal of the driving transistor, and a cathode coupled to a common electrode;
a storage capacitor coupled between the control terminal of the driving transistor and the common electrode, controlling turning on/off of the driving transistor according to data stored therein when the switch transistor is turned off; and
a first transistor comprising a first terminal coupled to the anode of the OLED and a second terminal coupled to a first voltage and a control terminal coupled to a control signal, pulling down the potential at the anode of the OLED according to the control signal thereby inducing a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation inside the OLED, wherein the first voltage is variable and is determined by the data stored in the storage capacitor and the control signal is applied to turn on the first transistor during an Nth frame and an N+Mth frame, N and M are both positive integrals and M>1.
2. The pixel structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the potential of the first voltage is lower than that at the cathode of OLED.
3. An active matrix OLED display, comprising:
at least one pixel, comprising:
a switching transistor having a control terminal coupled to a scan electrode and a first terminal coupled to a data electrode;
a driving transistor having a control terminal coupled to a second electrode of the switching transistor and a first terminal coupled to a power voltage;
a OLED having an anode coupled to the second terminal of the driving transistor, and a cathode coupled to a common electrode;
a storage capacitor to coupled between the control terminal of the driving transistor and the common electrode, controlling turning on/off of the driving transistor according to data stored therein when the switch transistor is turned off; and
a first transistor comprising a first terminal coupled to the anode of the OLED and a second terminal coupled to a first voltage and a control terminal coupled to a control signal, pulling down the potential at the anode of the OLED according to the control signal thereby inducing a reverse current to neutralize carrier accumulation inside the OLED, wherein the first voltage is variable and is determined by the data stored in the storage capacitor and the control signal is applied to turn on the first transistor during a Nth frame and a N+Mth frame, N and M are both positive integrals and M>1.
4. The active matrix OLED display as claimed in claim 3, wherein the potential of the first voltage is lower than that at the cathode of OLED.
5. A driving method for an active matrix OLED display, wherein the display has at least one pixel, each having a switch transistor, a driving transistor, an OLED and a storage capacitor, the driving method comprising:
providing a first transistor coupled between an anode of the OLED and a first voltage;
turning on the switching transistor to provide a display data on a data electrode to the storage capacitor and the driving transistor according to a scan signal, wherein the first voltage is variable and is determined by the display data stored in the storage capacitor;
turning on the driving transistor to providing a first current to flow through the OLED of the pixel according to the display data stored the storage capacitor; and
turning on the first transistor to provide a second current to flow through the OLED to neutralize carrier accumulation inside the OLED according to a control signal during an Nth frame and an N+Mth frame, wherein N and M are both positive integrals, M>1, and the first current and the second current flow in opposite directions.
6. The driving method as claimed in claim 5, wherein the potential of the first voltage is lower than that at the cathode of OLED.
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US20100220093A1 (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-09-02 Sang-Moo Choi Organic light emitting display
US20150187269A1 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-02 Shanghai Tianma AM-OLED Co., Ltd Organic light-emitting diode pixel circuit, display panel and display device

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US7046225B2 (en) * 2004-08-06 2006-05-16 Chen-Jean Chou Light emitting device display circuit and drive method thereof
US7088051B1 (en) * 2005-04-08 2006-08-08 Eastman Kodak Company OLED display with control
US7345664B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2008-03-18 Sin-Min Chang Method and apparatus for stereoscopic display employing a reflective active-matrix liquid crystal pixel array
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US7400308B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2008-07-15 Sin-Min Chang Method and apparatus for stereoscopic display employing an array of pixels each employing an organic light emitting diode
US7307609B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2007-12-11 Sin-Min Chang Method and apparatus for stereoscopic display employing a reflective active-matrix liquid crystal pixel array
US7345665B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2008-03-18 Sin-Min Chang Method and apparatus for stereoscopic display employing a transmissive active-matrix liquid crystal pixel array
US7348952B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2008-03-25 Sin-Min Chang Method and apparatus for stereoscopic display employing a transmissive active-matrix liquid crystal pixel array
JP5904551B2 (en) 2009-05-12 2016-04-13 コーニンクレッカ フィリップス エヌ ヴェKoninklijke Philips N.V. The organic light emitting diode situation for analyzing the elements, and organic light emitting diode device driver for supplying a recovery voltage
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US20060007381A1 (en) * 2004-07-09 2006-01-12 Au Optronics Corporation Organic electroluminescent display device
US20070153207A9 (en) * 2004-07-09 2007-07-05 Au Optronics Corporation Organic electroluminescent display device with separately connected signal lines and power lines
US7315116B2 (en) * 2004-07-09 2008-01-01 Au Optronics Corporation Organic electroluminescent display device with separately connected signal lines and power lines
US20100220093A1 (en) * 2009-03-02 2010-09-02 Sang-Moo Choi Organic light emitting display
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US20150187269A1 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-02 Shanghai Tianma AM-OLED Co., Ltd Organic light-emitting diode pixel circuit, display panel and display device
US9202414B2 (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-12-01 Shanghai Tianma AM-OLED Co., Ltd Organic light-emitting diode pixel circuit, display panel and display device

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