US718113A - Garment-fastening device. - Google Patents

Garment-fastening device. Download PDF

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Publication number
US718113A
US718113A US4989601A US1901049896A US718113A US 718113 A US718113 A US 718113A US 4989601 A US4989601 A US 4989601A US 1901049896 A US1901049896 A US 1901049896A US 718113 A US718113 A US 718113A
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United States
Prior art keywords
eyes
pin
fastening device
plate
garment
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US4989601A
Inventor
Henry E Finney
Original Assignee
Henry E Finney
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Publication date
Application filed by Henry E Finney filed Critical Henry E Finney
Priority to US4989601A priority Critical patent/US718113A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US718113A publication Critical patent/US718113A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B9/00Hat, scarf, or safety pins or the like
    • A44B9/12Safety-pins
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/34Combined diverse multipart fasteners
    • Y10T24/3467Pin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3649Pin attached
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/45Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock]
    • Y10T24/45225Separable-fastener or required component thereof [e.g., projection and cavity to complete interlock] including member having distinct formations and mating member selectively interlocking therewith
    • Y10T24/4588Means for mounting projection or cavity portion
    • Y10T24/45953Means for mounting projection or cavity portion having shape facilitating impaling of mounting surface
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/46Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/4604Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct guiding, holding, or protecting means for penetrated portion
    • Y10T24/463Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct guiding, holding, or protecting means for penetrated portion for pin having plural penetrating portions
    • Y10T24/4632Each independently movable towards and into cooperation with means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/46Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/4604Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct guiding, holding, or protecting means for penetrated portion
    • Y10T24/4664Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct guiding, holding, or protecting means for penetrated portion having resilient bridging structure between portion and means
    • Y10T24/4668Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct guiding, holding, or protecting means for penetrated portion having resilient bridging structure between portion and means and penetrating portion formed from wire
    • Y10T24/467Bridging structure includes elongated nonwire element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/46Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/4693Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having specific wire penetrating portion

Description

, TATENTED JAN. 13,19}03.I H. E. FINNEY. GARMENT FASTENING DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 5, 1901.
N0 MODEL.
UNITED STATES:
PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY E. FINNEY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
GARMENT-FASTENING DEVICE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 718,113, dated January 13, 1903. Application filed March 5,1901. derial No. 49,896. (No model.)
extremely simple and economical fastening device, to permit the fastening device to be attached by ordinary pins of the kind which are put up in papers and commonly known to the trade as papers of pins, and to provide a neat and compact construction of garment fastener.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a central secti0n,on an enlarged scale, through a construction of spring stud which can be employed in connection with my improved fastening device, said stud being secured to a plate. Fig. 2 is a plan view of one side of a garment-fastening device embodying my invention. Fig. 3 is a plan view of the opposite side of such fastening device, the pins in Fig. 2 being shown bent, so as to engage the guards or keepers, while in Fig. 3 one pin is thus bent and the other pin is in a straight condition. Fig. 4 is an end view showing the plate with eyes and a pin inserted through the eyes preparatory to being bent, as in Fig. 2. Fig. 5 shows the plate in side elevation. Fig. 6 is a cross-section of the fastener through the guards.
In Figs. 2 and 3, B indicates a plate or frame provided at each end with two oppositely-arranged eyes 9. The two eyes at one end of the plate are in alinement and the two eyes at the opposite end of theplate are also similarly positioned, whereby an ordinary normally straight pin F can be inserted through either pair'of eyes, as illustrated in Fig. 3, in which the pin shown inserted through the pair of eyes at the left is still in a straight condition. In practice pins are inserted through both pairs of eyes, and after the pins have been thus inserted through the eyes the two pins will be relatively parallel. When thus inserting a pin through a pair of these eyes at one end or edge portion of the plate or frame, the user will. first insert the point of the pin through one eye, then pass the pin through a portion of the garment or article,
so as to take up a portion of the same, and
then pass the pin-point through the other eye of said pair of eyes, in which way the portion of the pin between the two eyes will pass through the fabric or article at two points, and thereby take up or engage a portion of the fabric or article between the two eyes.
After a pin has been inserted through a pair of eyes 9 at one end of the plate and also inserted through a portion of the article of wear, as hereinbefore described, the projecting end portion 10 of the pin can then be bent laterally or at right angles to its portion 11,
which extends between said two eyes and which engages the article of wear. The end portion 10 of the pin when thus deflected can be caused to engage any suitable guard arranged pin. Lugs or ears G, formed on the plate, are perforated to provide eyes 9 and are also extended or otherwise adapted to form guards or keepers g for the pointed ends of the pins,
it being observed that these guards are practically lugs or projections on the plate or frame and are arranged adjacent to opposite ends thereof. When desired, each pin can be sprung away from its guard or keeper and jconnection with the plate or frame which forms the body of the fastening device, and, if necessary, a new pin can be used when the fastening device is to be again applied.
The body portion of the fastening device (illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3) is provided with an ordinary socket D, into which can be sprung any ordinary spring-stud, secured to a like or any other desired fastening device or article.
In Fig. l I have shown on a larger scale a convenient construction of spring-stud O,having a socket-piece 2, provided with a flange 3, which is bent and clamped upon the base portion 4 of the spring-stud, a hollow shank 1 being forced into the socket-piece 2 and be ICO ing provided with the base-flange 5. With such arrangement a plate A is clamped between the flange 3 of the socket-piece 2 and the base-flange 5 of the stem or shank 1. It is understood that this plate A can be provided with eyes and keepers arranged, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, whereby the plateA can be attached to one part of the garment or wearing-apparel and the plate B can be attached to another part of the same or to a difierent article of wear. I do not, however, confine myself to spring-studs, as other obvious connecting devices can be employed. Where two of these fastening devices areemployed, they can be used for connecting together the rear inner side portions of trousers-legs at the lower ends of said legs, and thereby form a convenient device for bicycleriders. My improved fastening device may also be employed as a garment-supporter, and it can also be employed in various other Ways for attaching or connecting articles of wear.
The pins which I employ are the ordinary flexible pins which are put up in rows in papers, which latter are folded so as to form packages and sold for small sums, varying from two to five cents a package. My invention, therefore, while securing the advantages incident to the use of safety-pins involves the use of an ordinary straight garment-pin at a much less cost, since a pair of safety-pins if used in myimproved fastening device would cost almost or quite as much as the balance of the device.
With further reference to the eyes 9 it is to be noted that said eyes can be conveniently formed through studs or flanges on the plate or frame and that the eyes are on a plane parallel with and sufficiently removed from the plane of the plate or frame to permit the portion of a pin which is between a pair of eyes to take up a portion of the garment or fabric, in which way the pin will engage the frame or body of the fasteinng device at two points and engage the fabric or article of wear between these two bearing-points. In this way the pin will stand a very considerable strain without bending, it being observed that the end portion 10, of the pin, which projects from the body of the fastening device after the pin has been inserted through a pair of eyes and the portion of the fabric, can be bentlaterally so as to engage a keeper which is positioned lateral to a right line extending through the pair of eyes.
Where the plate is provided with eyes and guards or keepers for twooppositely-arranged pins, as illustrated, the two pins can beattached to one article of wear, or one pin can be attached to one article while the opposite pin can be attached to another article, and obviously where but one pair of eyes and but one guard are employed the plate can be attached to. one portion of an article of wear by the portion 11 of a pin extending through such eyes, while another portion of the same article or a portion of a separate article of wear or another fastening member can be connected with the plate or frame in any known or desired way. For example, a pin F extending through a pair of oppositelyarranged eyes 9 may have its portion 11 attached to an article of wear, and the plate can be attached to another plate by a catch device, such as a spring-stud C on plate A engaging in a socket D in the other plate, it being observed that the stud and socket referred to are similar to an ordinary glovefastener and that such device is herein selected merely to illustrate one of various catch devices which can be employed.
What I claim as my invention is 1. In a garment-fastening device, a body portion having a pair of eyes and a guard or keeper lateral to a line passing through the eyes; and a normally straight, flexible garment-pin adapted to extend through and project beyond the eye; the end portion of the pin which projects beyond the eyes being adapted to be bent laterally so as to engage the guard or keeper, and the eyes being arranged relatively to the body portion to permit the portion of the pin between the eyes to engage a portion of the article of wear to which the fastening device is applied and thus attached by the portion of the pin extending between the said eyes.
2. In a garment-fastening device, a body portion having a pair of oppositely-arranged eyes, and a guard or keeper positioned lateral to a line passing through the two eyes; and a normally straight, flexible pin F extending through and of a length to project beyond the pair of eyes; the projecting end portion of the pin being adapted and arranged to be bent laterally to an extent to engage the guard or keeper, and the portion of the pin be tween the two eyes being adapted and arranged to engage a portion of the article to which the fastening device is applied; said body portion of the fastening device being also provided with other attaching means.
3. In a garment-fastening device, a body portion provided with two pairs of eyes and two guards or keepers between the two pairs of eyes; and normally straight, flexible garmentpins each adapted to extend through and project beyond one pair of said eyes; the projecting end portions of the pins being adapted to be bent laterally so as to engage the guards or keepers, and the eyes being arranged to permit the portions of the pins between them to engage an article or articles to be fastened. q
4. The combination with a plate or frame B provided with suitable attaching means, and having in addition thereto a pair of eyes 9 and a guard or keeper G; and a normally straight, flexible pin F extending through the eyes and projecting beyond the same; the projecting end portion 10 of the pin being bent to engage the guard or keeper, and the eyes being raised from the plane of the plate or frame to an extent to permit the portion of the pin between the eyes to engage and take up a portion of the article which is to be fastened.
5. In a garment-fastening device, a plate or frame B provided with a pair of oppositelyarranged eyes 9 and a guard or keeper G positioned lateral to a right line passing through the two eyes, the said eyes and plate or frame being relatively arranged to permit a pin F 10 to be detaohably inserted through the eyes and extended beyond the eyes and to engage in an article of wear while passing from one to the other of the two eyes, and the guard or keeper being arranged to permit the projecting end portion 10 of the pin to be bent later- 15 ally so as to engage such guard or keeper. HENRY E. FINNEY. Witnesses:
CHARLES G. PAGE, OTTILIE O. FREIBERG.
US4989601A 1901-03-05 1901-03-05 Garment-fastening device. Expired - Lifetime US718113A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2564858A (en) * 1948-06-23 1951-08-21 Harold J Reiter Cage-stud for snap fasteners

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2564858A (en) * 1948-06-23 1951-08-21 Harold J Reiter Cage-stud for snap fasteners

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