US715379A - Jack-o'-lantern. - Google Patents

Jack-o'-lantern. Download PDF

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Publication number
US715379A
US715379A US1902092054A US715379A US 715379 A US715379 A US 715379A US 1902092054 A US1902092054 A US 1902092054A US 715379 A US715379 A US 715379A
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Prior art keywords
front
wall
box
lantern
rear
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Expired - Lifetime
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Andrew B Herd
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Andrew B Herd
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Priority to US1902092054 priority Critical patent/US715379A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V35/00Candle holders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S362/00Illumination
    • Y10S362/806Ornamental or decorative

Description

Patented Dec. 9. i902.

A. B. HERB.- awww-mman.

(Applimion mea Jan. 31, 1902.3

(No Model.)- v

wgasses UNTTnn STATES FaTnNT @Trina ANDREW B. HERD, OF PHILIPSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 715,379, dated December 9, 1902.

Application filed January 3l, 1902. Serial No. 22,054. (No model.)

ful Jack-o-Lantern, of which the following is a specification.

The invention relates to the general class of transparencies, and particularly to decorative and grotesque illuminating devices or lanterns commonly called j ackolanterns; and the object in view is to provide a simple and inexpensive device of this class which may be constructed of sheet material, such as cardboard or its equivalent, the same having means for giving access to the contained illuminating device and with means for protecting the light from drafts of air when the lantern is in motion, as in torch-light processions and the like.

Further objects and advantages of the in vention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims, it being understood that various changes in the form, proportion, and the minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacriicing any of the advantages of this invention.

In the drawings, Figure lis a front View of a lantern constructed in accordance with the invention. Fig. 2 is a rear perspective view of the same. Fig. 3 is a vertical central sectional view.

Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts in all the igures of the drawings.

The front wall or face l0 of the lantern is preferably circular and is superficially ornac of this front or face and combining therewith to form the light receptacle or cage is a box 20, formed of sheet material, and preferably of cardboard or its equivalent, the same having a bottom wall 22, provided with air-inlet openings 2e, a top wall 25, having a vent 26, aY rear wall 27, preferably integral with the top and bottom walls, and side walls also preferably integral with the rear wall. One of these side walls, which is connected at the fold-line 29 with the rear wall, forms a door 30, said fold-line constituting a hinge to permit the opening of the door to give access to the interior of the box and facilitate arrangingalight-giving or illuminating device, such as a candle 40, in a rest or holder 23, which is secured to the bottom wall. The preferred means of attaching the top, bottom, and iixed side wall of the box to the front Wall or face consist of integral flaps or ianges 2l, which may be pasted or otherwise attached to the rear surface of said front wall, and the door 30 is preferably provided at its free front edge with a flap 33, adapted to bear frictionally against the rear surface of the front wall, and thus hold the door in its closed position. A strip or grip 34 is also provided to facilitate opening the door. To prevent the ingress of air through the intervals between the upper and lower edges of the door and the adjacent walls ofthe box, guard-danges 31 and 32 are provided on said edges of the door to close into the box and lie in contact with saidtop and bottom walls thereof, as shown clearly in Fig. 3.

The box forming the receptacle for the illuminating device is preferably rectangular in contour and is of such dimensions as to lie wholly Within (and preferably considerably within) the contour of the face or front wall, as shown clearly in Fig. 2, whereby the portion of theface or front wall which projects above the top wall of the box forms a windguard for protecting the opening or vent 26, and the portion of said face or front wall which projects below the bottom wall 22 constitutes a front inner guard to protect the inlet-openings 24 during the forward movement of the device. Depending from the box lnear its rear wall andpreferably secured to said rear wall is a member28, constituting a rear windguard for the openings 24, and also a rest, of which the lower edge is straight and is in the same horizontal plane, so as to combine with said lowermost point of the face or front wall l material.

to constitute a base upon which the lantern may stand in an upright position.

While in the construction illustrated the box is formed of two sections--namely, an upper section and a lower section-of which the adjacent edges are overlapped, as shown at 50, it will be understood that the entil'e box may be struck from a single blank of sheet The advantage in constructing the same of two sections secured together at the overlap by paste or other means is that transverse rigidity is afforded to prevent collapsing or destructive bending or indentation of the receptacle for the illuminating device.

When the lantern as above described is constructed of cardboard or its equivalent, it is obvious that it may be manufactured at a small cost, andv yet the parts thereof are so related as to perform their functions efliciently, and the liability ofthe ignition of the receptacle from the flame of the illuminating device is reduced to the minimum by reason of the Wind-guards provided to protect the air-inlet and Ventilating openings.

In carrying the lantern in a torch-light procession, such as campaign-parades, dac., the face, consisting of the disk or plate, should be held in advance, or facing in the direction of movement or facing in the direction from which the wind is moving, so that the projecting periphery of the disk will deflect the wind and prevent it from passing through the inlet and vent openings in the bottom and top walls of the lantern-box. In this way the article, though made of combustible material, is preserved, the flickering or blowing of the flame,which would cause it to ignite the Walls, being avoided.

I-Iaving described the invention, what is claimed is- 1. A lantern having a receptacle for an illuminating device, provided in its walls with air-inlet and `ventilating openings and having a front plate peripherally extended beyond the Walls of the receptacle to form front wind-guards in advance of said inlet and Ventilating openings, and a rear Windguard depending from the bottom wall of the receptacle in rear of said openings and having its lower edge arranged in a common horizontal plane with the lowermost portion of the edge of said front plate to form a rest or base.

2. A lantern having a front plate, and a box secured to the rear surface of said front plate, said box consisting of a folded blank of sheet material having its front edges attached to the surface of the front plate and provided with a side door hinged at its rear edge, and in frictional contact atits front edge with the rear surface of the front plate to movably hold it in its closed position.

3. A lantern having a front plate and a box secured to the rear surface of the front plate and consisting of a rear wall, and top, bottom and side Walls connected respectively with the edges of the rear wall, and one of said side walls having a flanged front edge for frictional contact with the rear surface of the front plate to maintain it in its closed position, and the remaining top, bottom and side walls being secured at their front edges to the rear surface of the front plate.

4t. A lantern having a front plate, and a box secured to the rear surface of the front plate, said box being constructed of yielding sheet material and having a side Wall hinged at its rear edge to the body portion of the box and provided with a ianged front edge for frictional contact With the rear surface of the front Wall, and iianged inturned upper and lower edges to engage the top and bottom walls of the box.

5. Asanew article of manufacture, a jacko-lantern having a front plate and a box secured to the rear surface of the front plate and consisting of a rear Wall, top and bottom walls respectively provided with Ventilating and air-inlet openings, and fixed and movable side walls, the top and bottom walls and the fixed side wall being secured at their front edges to the rear surface of the front plate, and the movable Wall being hinged at its rear edge to the rear wall and provided with front, top and bottom iianges for engagement respectively with the rear surface of the front wall and the top and bottom walls, and a rear windlguard depending from the rear Wall and terminatingin the horizontal plane of the lowermost point of the front plate.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.

ANDREW B. HERD.

Witnesses:

J. H. EsKRIDGn, D. B. ALLPORT.

IOO

US1902092054 1902-01-31 1902-01-31 Jack-o'-lantern. Expired - Lifetime US715379A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1902092054 US715379A (en) 1902-01-31 1902-01-31 Jack-o'-lantern.

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US1902092054 US715379A (en) 1902-01-31 1902-01-31 Jack-o'-lantern.

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6869200B1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2005-03-22 Northwest Enterprises Llc Candle holder for jack-o-lantern lid and method of applying the same
US20070165397A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-07-19 William Niskanen Seasonal yard decoration
USD731351S1 (en) * 2013-10-07 2015-06-09 Itsko Imports Inc Pumpkin decor
US9207527B1 (en) 2012-05-24 2015-12-08 Ryan Shooshan System and method for decorating a pumpkin
USD762516S1 (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-08-02 Darcie Cobos Pumpkin shaped embossed Easter egg
USD836723S1 (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-12-25 Dennis Plavnicky Decal
USD839129S1 (en) * 2017-11-16 2019-01-29 Jacob Gill Reflective Halloween pumpkin

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6869200B1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2005-03-22 Northwest Enterprises Llc Candle holder for jack-o-lantern lid and method of applying the same
US20070165397A1 (en) * 2006-01-18 2007-07-19 William Niskanen Seasonal yard decoration
US9207527B1 (en) 2012-05-24 2015-12-08 Ryan Shooshan System and method for decorating a pumpkin
USD731351S1 (en) * 2013-10-07 2015-06-09 Itsko Imports Inc Pumpkin decor
USD762516S1 (en) * 2015-03-09 2016-08-02 Darcie Cobos Pumpkin shaped embossed Easter egg
USD839129S1 (en) * 2017-11-16 2019-01-29 Jacob Gill Reflective Halloween pumpkin
USD836723S1 (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-12-25 Dennis Plavnicky Decal

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