US712852A - Double-chain-stitch sewing-machine. - Google Patents

Double-chain-stitch sewing-machine. Download PDF

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Publication number
US712852A
US712852A US8376801A US1901083768A US712852A US 712852 A US712852 A US 712852A US 8376801 A US8376801 A US 8376801A US 1901083768 A US1901083768 A US 1901083768A US 712852 A US712852 A US 712852A
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Prior art keywords
looper
needle
machine
thread
detainer
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US8376801A
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Albert Rontke
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Singer Co
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Singer Co
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Priority to US8376801A priority Critical patent/US712852A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05BSEWING
    • D05B57/00Loop takers, e.g. loopers
    • D05B57/02Loop takers, e.g. loopers for chain-stitch sewing machines, e.g. oscillating

Description

No. 712,852l Patented Nov. 4, |902. A. nom-KE. DUUBLE CHAIN-STI''CH SEWING MACHINE.
(Application led Nov. 26, 1901.)
(No Model.)
j j l d 9 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALBERT RONTKE, OF ELIZABETH, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO THE SINGER MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
DoUBLE-CHAm-STITCH SEWING-MACHINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 712,852, dated November 4, 1902.
Application led November 26, 1901. Serial No. 88,768. (No model.)
T0 @ZZ whom, it puny concern l Beit known that I, ALBERT RONTKE, a citi- Zen of the United States, residing at Elizabeth, in the county of Union and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful v Improvements in Double-Chain-Stitch Sewing-Machines, of which the following is "a,
specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention has for its object to provide i a simple and effective device for holding aside the needle-thread loops retained upon l the looper during the descent of the needles' for the succeeding-needle-thread-loop-seizing operations in that class of chain-stitch ma-` chines comprising one or more eye-pointed Within the work-supportin g arm; and itl is the purpose of the present invention, among oth-.
ers,to provide a reciprocating needle-loop de*- tainer adapted -to `a flat-bed machine of anf other well-known' type,rwherein the feed-actuating rock-shaft is replaced by other feedactuating means. v
The invention consists, primarily, in a needle-loop detainer mounted upon a carrier independent of theV feeding device, but actuated by the feed-lifting device. It further consists in a particular form of loop-detainer and in certain details of construction and arrangement of its actuating means in relation to other operative parts of the sewing-machine.
The invention will be understood by refer; ence to the drawings annexed, in which the i present improvement is shown embodied in the two-'needle machine forming the subject of my patent application, SerialNo.`83,7l69,
led simultaneously herewith, in Which- Figure l is a front elevation of the stitchforming and feeding members of the machine, showing the looper as about taking-the'A needle-thread loops from the needles; and Fig. 2 is an elevation of the same viewed from the rear side of the machine with the feed-bar omitted to expose the parts behind the same. Figs. 3 and 4 are similar views, upon a larger scale, showing the stitch-forming members in the positions they assume when theneedles descend through theflooper-loop's and indieating the position of the needle-threads of the previous stitch upon the looper. Figs. 5 and 6 are respectively a plan and sectional elevation of the looper'and loop-detainer when in their cooperative positions.
A is the bed of the machine, having a sup- 6o porting stud or pin ct, upon which is mounted the rocking yoke b, having bearing-centers c, upon which is pivoted the looper-carrier d, sustaining the thread-carrying looper e and having an opening f and projecting lips or 'flanges g to embrace, respectively, the cam or eccentric h and inclined crank-pin i upon the outer end portion of the rotary main or driving shaft B for giving the usual'lateral and endwise movement to the looper e. The main 7o shaft is also provided adjacent to the cam h with'a feed-lifting cam or eccentric j, embraced by a forked arm'c of the feed-bar Z, supported by the usual rocker, deriving its lateral movements from a cam or eccentric upon the main shaft, but not herein shown,
-as it forms n o part 'of the present invention.
The looper-supporting Yyoke is provided with the spring-arm m,` the upper portion or head of Which'cons'titute'sacombined needle- 8o guide and loop-forming device, serving to maintain the needles close to thefpath of the looper in the'latters loop-seizing movements and insuring the formation of the needlethread loops upon the proper side of the needles.
Mounted upon the pivotal pin or stud a adjacent to the looper-supporting yoke Z9 is the detainer-yoke, having its arms n and o embracing the feed-lifting cam or eccentricj, 9o the longer of which arms extends upwardly and carries tlie detainer p, having a: lateral 'projecting finger r, adapted to enterthe longitudinal thread-groove 2 in the looper e,
and a second finger s, disposed above and isomewhat forward of the latter and arranged to project over the top of the" lo'oper. The timing of the cams or eccentricsj and h is v such that the detainer approaches the looper as the latter receives, when in its retracted roo position lateral movements in the direction of the detainer, and the body of the looper is so inclined to the direction of its loop-seizing movement that the point of the finger r will remain in the groove 2 throughout nearly the entire forward movement of the looper. The vibrating arm o is further provided with a laterally-projecting member providing a needle-guard t to prevent the springing of the needles into the looper-path, and therebyinsure against the breaking of the needles by the interference thus occasioned.
In the operation of the machine the needles o descend through the looper-loop, and the thread-guide m and guard t close in upon the same, the former above and thelatter below the eyes, to enable them to throw out their respective loops for the looper. The looper advances successively through the needlethread loops and y as the needles commence to rise, and when the looper is in its forward position the loops of needle-thread are received in the lateral notch 3 in the heel of the looper. The latter then makes its lateral movements toward the detainer), which simultaneously approaches the looper until the detaining-finger renters the groove 2 and the finger s projects above the looper in time to detain the needle-thread loops on the looper after they slip out of the notch 3, the detainer maintaining this relation with the looper until nearly the end of its backward movement and just after the points of the needles have both descended below the top of the looper and have entered its loop, when the previously-formed needle-loops are released by the recession of the looper and detainer and are permitted to be drawn up into the fabric. In other words, the detaining-fingers r and s hold the loops of needle-thread back out of the way of the descending needles until the said needles have passed down past the looper, and said fingers thereby prevent said loops from being cast off from the looper as early as they might otherwise be cast off to the endangerment of being engaged by the neediesin such manner as to cause skipped stiches.
While the improvement is shown herein as embodied in a two-needle machine, it is obvious that it may be advantageously applied to a machine employing one needle or more than two. It is also immaterial what particular form of carrier and actuating mechanism therefor be adopted or what is the precise character of movement of the looper with which the same cooperates, as the invention is not limited to such matters.
The fingers r and s are provided to engage the needle-thread loops at different points adjacent to the supporting-looper, so as to prevent the binding of the thread-loops thereon during the retraction of the looper and to positively insure the holding back of such loops from the needle-paths until the needles have descended below the level of the looper. The finger s also serves additionally as a spreader for defiecting the needle-threadloops beyond the needle-paths,
the threads lying in the notch formed therein to receive them.
Having thus set forth the nature of the invention, what I claim herein is-'- l. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprising a rocking or reciprocating looper and a threadcarrying needle or needles, anda feeding device including a feed-lifting cam or eccentric, of a thread-detainer cooperating with said looper and mounted independently of said feeding device to move transversely of said looper, and means, actuated by said feed-lifting cam or eccentric, for moving said threaddetainer toward said looper when the latter is in a retracted position and away from said looper when the latter is moving forward.
2. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprising a rocking or reciprocating looper and a threadcarrying needle or needles, and a feeding device including a feed-lifting cam or eccentric, of a thread-detainer,and a carrier for the same pivoted upon a fixed part of the machine to move transversely of the looper and havinga portion embracing the said feed-lifting cam or eccentric, for rocking or vibrating the said thread-detainer in a single plane only.
3. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprising a rocking or reciprocating looper having a lateral groove extending lengthwise thereof, and a thread carrying needle or needles, of a thread-detainer having a finger adapted to enter said groove in the looper, and means for reciprocating the same transversely of the looper.
4. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprisinga rocking or reciprocating looper having a lateral groove extending lengthwise thereof, and a thread carrying needle or needles, of a thread-detainer having one detaining-finger adapted to enter the said groove in the looper and a second detaining and spreading finger adapted to be projected above the looper, and means for reciprocating said detainer transversely of the looper.
5. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprising a rocking or reciprocating looper and a threadcarrying needle or needles, of a rocking carrier, a thread-detainer mounted upon said carrier and having a finger projecting toward said looper, and a needle-guard also mounted upon said carrier and movable therewith toward and from the needle path or paths, and means for actuating said rocking carrier.l
6. In a sewing-machine, the combination with stitch-forming mechanism comprising a rocking or reciprocating looper-carrier, a looper mounted upon said carrier and having a lateral groove extending lengthwise thereof, a thread carrying needle or needles, and means for giving said looper-carrier and looper movements both lengthwise and transversely of said looper, of a rocking carrier and IOO means for actuating it, and a loop-detainer In testimony whereof I afix iny signature mounted upon said rocking carrier and proin presence of two witnesses. vided with a loop-detaining finger adapted to enter the lateral groove in said looper, said ALBERT RONTKE 5 looper being set in its carrier at an angie with Witnesses:
the direction of its loop-taking movements, HENRY J. MILLER,
as and for the purpose set forth. HENRY A. KORNEMANN.
US8376801A 1901-11-26 1901-11-26 Double-chain-stitch sewing-machine. Expired - Lifetime US712852A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4438717A (en) * 1980-11-12 1984-03-27 Rockwell International Corporation Needle protector for sewing machines
US4516512A (en) * 1978-05-09 1985-05-14 Union Special Corporation Modularized Cardan sewing machine
US20080173221A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2008-07-24 Ksl Keilmann Sondermaschinenbau Gmbh Double Chain Stitch Sewing Machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4516512A (en) * 1978-05-09 1985-05-14 Union Special Corporation Modularized Cardan sewing machine
US4438717A (en) * 1980-11-12 1984-03-27 Rockwell International Corporation Needle protector for sewing machines
US20080173221A1 (en) * 2005-01-28 2008-07-24 Ksl Keilmann Sondermaschinenbau Gmbh Double Chain Stitch Sewing Machine
US7565872B2 (en) * 2005-01-28 2009-07-28 Ksl Keilmann Sondermaschinenbau Gmbh Double chain stitch sewing machine

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