US712316A - Electric accumulator. - Google Patents

Electric accumulator. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US712316A
US712316A US73487599A US1899734875A US712316A US 712316 A US712316 A US 712316A US 73487599 A US73487599 A US 73487599A US 1899734875 A US1899734875 A US 1899734875A US 712316 A US712316 A US 712316A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
plates
lead
sheets
active material
formed
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US73487599A
Inventor
Francois Loppe
Henry Paul Morin
Georges Jean Adolphe Griner
Denis Philippe Martin
Original Assignee
Francois Loppe
Henry Paul Morin
Georges Jean Adolphe Griner
Denis Philippe Martin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Francois Loppe, Henry Paul Morin, Georges Jean Adolphe Griner, Denis Philippe Martin filed Critical Francois Loppe
Priority to US73487599A priority Critical patent/US712316A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US712316A publication Critical patent/US712316A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0413Large-sized flat cells or batteries for motive or stationary systems with plate-like electrodes

Description

nu. 7|2,3|6. Y l Patented oct. 28,1902. F. LoPP, H. P. Monm, G. .1.' A. Gamm & D. P. MARTIN. ELECTRIC ACGUMULATOR.

(Application led Oct. l26, 1899.) (No Model.) 3 Sheeis--Sheet l.

tir

No. 7|2,3|6; 'Patented ont. 2s, |902.

, s. .1; A.v 6mm-:n ci. n. P. MARTIN.

vF. LoPP, H. P. Mom

ELECTRIC Acc'uMuLATo.

(Application filed Oct. 26, 1899.)

(No Model.)

3 She'eISA-Sheet 2. Iggy me Nonn percus cn, pHoro-umn, wAsNlNGYoN. D c,

nu., 7|2',3|s. y Patented naze, 19o-2;;

F. LoPP, u. P. mom", s. .1. naman a n. P, MARTIN.

ELECTRIC ACGUMULATUB.

(Applm'ntion led Oct. 26, 1899.'

(N0 Model.) 3. Sheets-.Sheet 3.

000000000000` 000000000000 000000000000 v000000000000 -000000000000 0000'00-0f000-00k 000000000000 000000000000 0000000000000 '0 0'f00-0000000f0 "0000.00000000 000000000000 (Mfr/fram NITED STATES EEICE.

FRANCOIS LOPP, HENRY PAUL MORIN, GEORGES JEAN ADOLPI'IE GRINER,

AND DENIS PHILIPPE MARTIN, OF PARIS, FRANCE.

ELECTRIC ACCUIVIULATOR.

er'ECIEIGA'IION forming part of Letters :Patent No. 712,316, dated october 2s, 1902. I Application filed October 26, 1899. Serial No. 734,875. (No model.)

To a/ZZ whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, FRANoIs LOPPE, HENRY PAUL MORIN, GEORGES JEAN ADOLPIIE GRINER, and DENIS PHILIPPE MARTIN, engineers, citizens ofthe Republic of France, residingin Paris, France, have invented certain new andl useful Improvements in Electric Accumulators, of which the following is a specification.

1o Our invention. relates to certain improvements in and connected with electricaccul mulators, and the following is the description and method of constructing the same.

The annexed drawings show the Various I5 parts of an accumulator constructed in accordance with our invention.

Figure l represents a front elevation of an electrode. Fig. 2is a vertical section through the line 2 2 of Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a horizontal 2o section on line 3 3 of Fig. l. Fig. 4 is a portion of a vertical section,drawn to an enlarged scale, on line 4 4 of Fig. l. Fig. 5 is a portion of a Vertical section, also on an enlarged scale,

on line 5 5 of Fig. l. Fig. 6 is a portion of a vertical section similar to Fig. 5, but on a larger scale, and in this case its plate is fixed on the Plante system. Fig. 7 shows'an ele- Vation of an insulating perforated plate or separator. Fig. 8 is a horizontal section through the same. Fig. 9 is a vertical sectional elevation of a mounted accumulator.

This improved accumulator or storage battery is formed of a number of plates of lead or lead alloy, the positive and negative elec- 3 5 trodes being similarly constituted Whether anode or cathode. Each plate or electrode is essentially formed of several sheets placed close together and united. These sheets may be formed of a single plate folded into und u- 4o lations or of several separate and distinct Y plates. To construct the electrode in the former case, we take a thin lead plate of suitable shape, preferably rectangular, and this plate is undulated and perforated with a large number of small holes, usually and preferably formed in sucha manner that the metal around these holes is repousse in the form of the lower frustum of a cone and jutting out in similar manner. The undulations or corrugations should be numerous and close together. The holes are so formed that the v conic projections are distributed over both faces of the plate. We cannot better compare the appearance of each surface than to that of a nutmeg-grater. The sheet so undulated and perforated is folded a certain n u mber of times, so that thefolds divide it into equal divisions, and the different sections so formed are folded so as tolie closely together. Extensions are provided forthe purpose of tak- 6o ing off the discharges of current, which when placed together unite to form one single lug or projection. The parallel sheets so arranged can thus have within opposite faces and at their ends a coating of some active materialsuch as oXid of lead, lead salts, pulverulent lead, &c. This coating can be effected by placing or pasting the active material on the sheets at the time that folds are made therein or by electrolytically depositing the spongy 7o lead thereon, these substances at the time of .the phenomena termed formation being changed into spongy lead and peroxid of lead.

VThe active material may also be provided` alone by the'metal of the plate in case the ao- 75 cumulator is formed according to the Plante system.

To construct the electrode according to the second method, We take several thin Sheets of lead of the same size and undulated and 8o perforated, as before, and place them together before applying to their faces layers of the active material selected, either by coating or by electrolytic deposit, or according to Plants method. We wish to remark, however, that in any case We reserve the right to `use sheets of woven lead Wire or lattice-work in lieu of the perforated lead plates. The lead plates are then secured together by suitable solder on one or more of their edges or by 9o rivets running through them at suitable points of the surface or otherwise suitably connected together. In these plates so formed, either of a folded single sheet or of ,sheets joined together by soldering or riveting, holes or apertures of suitable shape are provided. These holes, which run through them from side to side perpendicularly or obliquely, or both, are for the purpose of allowing vfree circulation of the liquid and also of increasxoo ing the surface of the active material.

Figs. l, 2, 3, 4, uand 5 of the annexed drawings represent an electrode so formed. The small openings, made so that the metal edges are raised, are shown at a a. a. The rivets are designated l) b b and the holes for the circulation of the liquid c c c. The rivets may themselves be tubular, as shown on the drawings. The different layers forming a plate may be in their upper parts fixed at convenient distances apart by means of distance-pieces of lead d. The active material is shown at e. The electrodes so formed are arranged parallel to one another in a cell, and between them may be placed plates f, of insulating substance, Figs. 7 and S, perforated with holes which coincide with those in the electrodes. These plates are arranged to .prevent all contact of adjacent electrodes with each other and to allow by means of insulating connections g the Whole to be held together in one piece or block, Fig. 9. These connections should preferably be formed of india-rubber rings, so that the set of electrodes and of insulating-plates will have a certain degree of elasticity, thus permitting the active material to increase in volume, while preventing warping or movement of the plates immersed in the liquid. These insulating connections may be of strips perforated with holes and furnished with ribs or slots. They may also be replaced by combs, clips, or riders slipped or clamped over the plates.

Fig. 6 represents, in the case of an accumulator arranged on the Plante system, the method of joining the sheets forming the electrodes by means of rivets. The separation of these sheets is obtained by means of distancepieces or packing h, surrounding the rivet.

Our accumulator gives rapid charges and discharges,because the active material is compressed between the sheets forming each electrode and because the active material is in very thin layers. Thus the greatest distance between one point of the active material and the lead sheet is reduced to a minimum. The apparatus also possesses very slight resistance. On the other hand, the circulation of the electrolyte is perfect on account of the holes in the plates and the insulators interposed between the latter. This circulation insures the homogeneity of the electrolytic liquid and its thorough use.

On account of the short distance of any point of the active material or mass from the electrolyte this active mass always works under the most favorable conditions.

What we claim as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

An electric accumulator comprising a plurality of perforated plates, the walls of the perforations having conical projections, an active mass arranged between the plates, metal distance-pieces arranged between the plates at one end, and perforated rivets connecting the several plates.

In testimony whereof we have signed our names to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

ERAN-cols LoPPE.

HENEE PAUL MORIN.

GEORGES JEAN ADoEPIIE GEINEE. DENIS PHILIPPE MARTIN.

Witnesses:

1. ALLIsoN BOWEN, GEORGE E. LIGHT.

US73487599A 1899-10-26 1899-10-26 Electric accumulator. Expired - Lifetime US712316A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US73487599A US712316A (en) 1899-10-26 1899-10-26 Electric accumulator.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US73487599A US712316A (en) 1899-10-26 1899-10-26 Electric accumulator.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US712316A true US712316A (en) 1902-10-28

Family

ID=2780840

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US73487599A Expired - Lifetime US712316A (en) 1899-10-26 1899-10-26 Electric accumulator.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US712316A (en)

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3453145A (en) * 1967-11-03 1969-07-01 Esb Inc Battery plate having laminar grid
US3873366A (en) * 1972-07-11 1975-03-25 Tudor Ab Electrode for electrical lead accumulators
WO2007134308A2 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-22 Infinitte Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film battery on an integrated circuit or circuit board and method thereof
US7959769B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2011-06-14 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Deposition of LiCoO2
US8021778B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2011-09-20 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Electrochemical apparatus with barrier layer protected substrate
US8062708B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2011-11-22 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Masking of and material constraint for depositing battery layers on flexible substrates
US8197781B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2012-06-12 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Sputtering target of Li3PO4 and method for producing same
US8236443B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2012-08-07 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Metal film encapsulation
US8260203B2 (en) 2008-09-12 2012-09-04 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Energy device with integral conductive surface for data communication via electromagnetic energy and method thereof
US8268488B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2012-09-18 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film electrolyte for thin film batteries
US8350519B2 (en) 2008-04-02 2013-01-08 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc Passive over/under voltage control and protection for energy storage devices associated with energy harvesting
US8394522B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-03-12 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Robust metal film encapsulation
US8404376B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-03-26 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Metal film encapsulation
US8431264B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-04-30 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Hybrid thin-film battery
US8445130B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-05-21 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Hybrid thin-film battery
US8508193B2 (en) 2008-10-08 2013-08-13 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Environmentally-powered wireless sensor module
US8518581B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2013-08-27 Inifinite Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film encapsulation for thin film batteries and other devices
US8535396B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-09-17 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Electrochemical apparatus with barrier layer protected substrate
US8599572B2 (en) 2009-09-01 2013-12-03 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Printed circuit board with integrated thin film battery
US8636876B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2014-01-28 R. Ernest Demaray Deposition of LiCoO2
US8728285B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2014-05-20 Demaray, Llc Transparent conductive oxides
US8906523B2 (en) 2008-08-11 2014-12-09 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Energy device with integral collector surface for electromagnetic energy harvesting and method thereof
US9334557B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2016-05-10 Sapurast Research Llc Method for sputter targets for electrolyte films
US9634296B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2017-04-25 Sapurast Research Llc Thin film battery on an integrated circuit or circuit board and method thereof

Cited By (28)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3453145A (en) * 1967-11-03 1969-07-01 Esb Inc Battery plate having laminar grid
US3873366A (en) * 1972-07-11 1975-03-25 Tudor Ab Electrode for electrical lead accumulators
US9634296B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2017-04-25 Sapurast Research Llc Thin film battery on an integrated circuit or circuit board and method thereof
US8535396B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-09-17 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Electrochemical apparatus with barrier layer protected substrate
US8445130B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-05-21 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Hybrid thin-film battery
US8021778B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2011-09-20 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Electrochemical apparatus with barrier layer protected substrate
US8394522B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-03-12 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Robust metal film encapsulation
US8404376B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-03-26 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Metal film encapsulation
US8236443B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2012-08-07 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Metal film encapsulation
US8431264B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2013-04-30 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Hybrid thin-film battery
US9793523B2 (en) 2002-08-09 2017-10-17 Sapurast Research Llc Electrochemical apparatus with barrier layer protected substrate
US8728285B2 (en) 2003-05-23 2014-05-20 Demaray, Llc Transparent conductive oxides
US8636876B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2014-01-28 R. Ernest Demaray Deposition of LiCoO2
US7959769B2 (en) 2004-12-08 2011-06-14 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Deposition of LiCoO2
WO2007134308A3 (en) * 2006-05-12 2008-03-06 Infinitte Power Solutions Inc Thin film battery on an integrated circuit or circuit board and method thereof
WO2007134308A2 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-22 Infinitte Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film battery on an integrated circuit or circuit board and method thereof
US8062708B2 (en) 2006-09-29 2011-11-22 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Masking of and material constraint for depositing battery layers on flexible substrates
US8197781B2 (en) 2006-11-07 2012-06-12 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Sputtering target of Li3PO4 and method for producing same
US9334557B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2016-05-10 Sapurast Research Llc Method for sputter targets for electrolyte films
US8268488B2 (en) 2007-12-21 2012-09-18 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film electrolyte for thin film batteries
US8518581B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2013-08-27 Inifinite Power Solutions, Inc. Thin film encapsulation for thin film batteries and other devices
US9786873B2 (en) 2008-01-11 2017-10-10 Sapurast Research Llc Thin film encapsulation for thin film batteries and other devices
US8350519B2 (en) 2008-04-02 2013-01-08 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc Passive over/under voltage control and protection for energy storage devices associated with energy harvesting
US8906523B2 (en) 2008-08-11 2014-12-09 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Energy device with integral collector surface for electromagnetic energy harvesting and method thereof
US8260203B2 (en) 2008-09-12 2012-09-04 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Energy device with integral conductive surface for data communication via electromagnetic energy and method thereof
US8508193B2 (en) 2008-10-08 2013-08-13 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Environmentally-powered wireless sensor module
US9532453B2 (en) 2009-09-01 2016-12-27 Sapurast Research Llc Printed circuit board with integrated thin film battery
US8599572B2 (en) 2009-09-01 2013-12-03 Infinite Power Solutions, Inc. Printed circuit board with integrated thin film battery

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3278336A (en) Fuel cell and electrode unit therefor
US3245837A (en) Hermetically sealed storage batteries
KR890000709B1 (en) Electrode structure for use in electrolytic
US2594709A (en) Silver and zinc accumulator with insoluble negative electrode and invariable electrolyte
US5705051A (en) Electrochemical process
US6312848B1 (en) Electrical rechargeable battery in the form of a button cell
US4029855A (en) Storage battery and method of making the same
US4525438A (en) Recombination multicell electric storage battery
US6063525A (en) Source of electrical power for an electric vehicle and other purposes, and related methods
US3717505A (en) Electrochemical cell stack
US4539268A (en) Sealed bipolar multi-cell battery
US2681375A (en) Electrode for electric batteries and a process for producing the same
US5114807A (en) Lightweight bipolar storage battery
US2564495A (en) Deferred action primary battery
US4040938A (en) Electrode arrangement for electrochemical cells
EP0290764B1 (en) Cylindrical bipolar electrode battery
CA1309457C (en) Multicell recombinant lead-acid battery with vibration resistantintercell connector
US4353969A (en) Quasi-bipolar battery construction and method of fabricating
US4037023A (en) Fuel cells
US4521498A (en) Through-the-partition intercell connection and method
KR20040035680A (en) Bipolar electrochemical battery of stacked wafer cells
US3215562A (en) Fuel cell with screen electrodes
US3069486A (en) Electrochemical electrode structure
US3941615A (en) Battery construction
GB1516196A (en) Electrode assemblies and electrolytic cells containing them