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US711840A - Method of crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper. - Google Patents

Method of crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper. Download PDF

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Publication number
US711840A
US711840A US1902095812A US711840A US 711840 A US711840 A US 711840A US 1902095812 A US1902095812 A US 1902095812A US 711840 A US711840 A US 711840A
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Prior art keywords
edge
rolls
margin
cardboard
paper
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Charles H Fernald
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Charles H Fernald
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B31MAKING ARTICLES OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER; WORKING PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31FMECHANICAL WORKING OR DEFORMATION OF PAPER, CARDBOARD OR MATERIAL WORKED IN A MANNER ANALOGOUS TO PAPER
    • B31F1/00Mechanical deformation without removing material, e.g. in combination with laminating
    • B31F1/07Embossing, i.e. producing impressions formed by locally deep-drawing, e.g. using rolls provided with complementary profiles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24355Continuous and nonuniform or irregular surface on layer or component [e.g., roofing, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24446Wrinkled, creased, crinkled or creped
    • Y10T428/24455Paper
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24628Nonplanar uniform thickness material
    • Y10T428/24653Differential nonplanarity at margin

Description

N0. '7ll,840. Patented DctE-ZI, I902.

v C. H. FERNAL-D. METHOD OF GRIMPING, BURNISHING, AND HARDENING THE EDGES 0F CARDBOARD DR PAPER.

(Application filed Feb. 26, 1902.

(No Model.)

l Vitnassesx Inventor:

'ruz NORRIS PETERS co, wow-mun, wasumumn. n. c.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

CHARLES H. FERNALD, OF MALDEN, MASSACHUSETTS.

METHOD OF CRIMPiNG, BURNlSHlNG, AND HARDENING THE EDGES 0F CARDBOARD OR PAPER.

SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 711,840, dated October 21, 1902.

Application filed February 26, 1902. Serial No. 95,812. (No specimens.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, CHARLES H. FERNALD, a citizen of the United States, residing at Malden, in the county of Middlesex and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improved Method of Crimping, Burnishing, and Hardening the Edges of Cardboard or Paper, of which the following is a specification.

The margins or edges of sheets of celluloid and thin metal have hitherto been crimped or fluted by passing them between a pair of corrugated rolls, which method answers well for these materials, as they possess sufficient elasticity to permit of the necessary sudden longitudinal stretching of their edges as they are forced down between the teeth of the rolls without tearing or breaking. It has, however, been found impossible to crimp or flute the edge of a piece of dry cardboard or paper by forcing it between corrugated rolls, as these materials will not allow of the abrupt stretching of their edges, which if forced between the intermeshing teeth of a pair of corrugated rolls would be at once torn and spoiled. To overcome this difficulty and provide a method whereby the edges or margins of dry cardboardor paper can be succesfully crimped or fluted and simultaneously burnished and hardened is the object of my invention,which consists in subjecting the margin of the cardboard or paper to varying degrees of compression, gradually decreasing in force from the outer to the inner edge of said margin,whereby ornamental corrugations increasing in depth from the inner to the outer edge are produced without any liability of tearing or breaking the material, as hereinafter fully set forth.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section representing means for crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper in accordance with my improved method. Fig. 2 is a view of a piece of cardboard having its edges crimped or fluted by my improved method. Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical section of the same.

In carrying my invention into eifect I pass the margin or edge of a sheet of dry cardboard or paper A to be crimped between a pair of revolving pressure-rolls B 13, having smooth working faces a a, slightly beveled, as

shown, to leave a narrow V-shaped space I) between them for the reception of the edge or margin of the material, which as it is drawn through the rolls is squeezed or compressed, and thereby reduced in thickness by the heavy pressure of the same, the compression thus applied by the rolls B B Varying in force from the maximum degree at the extreme outer edge 10 of the margin of the material to the inner edge 12'of the same, where the pressure entirely ceases by reason of the width of the V-shaped space between the rolls at that point equaling the normal thickness of the cardboard or paper being operated upon. The effect of this gradually-varying compression is to elongate the margin of the cardboard or paper by spreading or displacing the material, the maximum extent of this elongation being at the thin or outer edge 10 of the margin, from which point it gradually decreases to nothing at the line of its inner edge, producing ornamental corrugations 15, increasing in depth from the inner to the outer edge, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. The margin or edge of the cardboard or paper while being corrugated is simultaneously burnished or polished by the calendering action of the rolls, and thereby rendered more ornamental, while it is also hardened and stiffened by the compression applied thereto, and thereby better enabled to retain its ornamental shape.

It should be understood that the elongation of the margin, as above described, is not produced by a pulling or stretching force exerted in the direction of its length, as would be the case if it was passed between fluted rolls, but by the squeezing out and thinning of the material due to its compression between the smooth-faced rolls, and consequently all liability of the edge of the material being torn or broken in the operation of crimping is entirely avoided. Furthermore, when using colored material the heavy pressure exerted by the rolls tends to change or darken the color, thereby producing a pleasing contrast and rendering the margin still more ornamental.

The bevel-faced pressure-rolls B B are mounted on shafts C C, the journal-boxes D D D D of which are movable vertically within the framework E. The shafts C C are provided with intermeshing gears G G, whereby they are caused to revolve together,

and the power is applied to the lower shaft 0' by means of a handle H or in any other suitable manner. Between the boxes D D is placed a spiral spring e, which tends to force them apart, and on the upper box D bears a screw f, passing through the upper portion of the framework and provided with a handle, whereby the pressure of the rolls B B on the cardboard or paper may be varied as desired. Between the rear boxes D D is a screw g, by means of which the rear end of the upper shaft 0 may be raised or lowered to vary the angle of the opening 1) between the working faces of the rolls B B, and on the top of the upper box D bears a screw h, holding it in place when adjusted. I A

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. The improved method of crimping, burnishing and hardening the edges of cardboard and paper by simultaneously subjecting the margin of the sheet to varying degrees of compression, the force of said compression being greatest at the extreme outer edge of said margin and gradually diminishing from said outer edge inward, thereby producing a varying elongation of the margin, decreasing from its outer to its inner edge, substantially as described.

2. As a new article of manufacture, cardboard or paper having its margin crirnped, burnished and hardened, forming corrugations increasing in depth from the inner to the outer edge of said margin, substantially as described.

Witness my hand this 24th day of February, A. D. 1902.

CHARLES H. FERNALD.

In presence of- P. E. TESOHEMACHER, F. B. SPAULDING.

US711840A 1902-02-26 1902-02-26 Method of crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper. Expired - Lifetime US711840A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US711840A US711840A (en) 1902-02-26 1902-02-26 Method of crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US711840A US711840A (en) 1902-02-26 1902-02-26 Method of crimping, burnishing, and hardening the edges of cardboard or paper.

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US711840A true US711840A (en) 1902-10-21

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2610135A (en) * 1950-03-21 1952-09-09 Kordsiemon William Moore Malleableizing machine
US2799107A (en) * 1953-09-24 1957-07-16 Miehle Goss Dexter Inc File card structure
US2831215A (en) * 1953-11-20 1958-04-22 Piemont Georges Process for producing shoulder strips for belt conveyors
US2950221A (en) * 1956-12-21 1960-08-23 Collins & Aikman Corp Method of producing foam backed carpet, and product
US4475881A (en) * 1982-09-14 1984-10-09 Placon Corporation Thermoforming of plastic sheet material
US5328439A (en) * 1993-01-14 1994-07-12 Goldberg Robert M Safety fringe for paper
US20050142336A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2005-06-30 Romano Lawrence J.Iii Wipes with an edge treatment along a leading edge portion
WO2012090184A3 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-10-26 Szagru Sp. Z O.O. Method of manufacturing a pipe from thermoplastic material, and strip of thermoplastic material for manufacturing a pipe

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2610135A (en) * 1950-03-21 1952-09-09 Kordsiemon William Moore Malleableizing machine
US2799107A (en) * 1953-09-24 1957-07-16 Miehle Goss Dexter Inc File card structure
US2831215A (en) * 1953-11-20 1958-04-22 Piemont Georges Process for producing shoulder strips for belt conveyors
US2950221A (en) * 1956-12-21 1960-08-23 Collins & Aikman Corp Method of producing foam backed carpet, and product
US4475881A (en) * 1982-09-14 1984-10-09 Placon Corporation Thermoforming of plastic sheet material
US5328439A (en) * 1993-01-14 1994-07-12 Goldberg Robert M Safety fringe for paper
US20050142336A1 (en) * 2003-12-31 2005-06-30 Romano Lawrence J.Iii Wipes with an edge treatment along a leading edge portion
US7078087B2 (en) * 2003-12-31 2006-07-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Wipes with an edge treatment along a leading edge portion
WO2012090184A3 (en) * 2010-12-31 2012-10-26 Szagru Sp. Z O.O. Method of manufacturing a pipe from thermoplastic material, and strip of thermoplastic material for manufacturing a pipe

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