US6946608B2 - Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element - Google Patents

Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element Download PDF

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Publication number
US6946608B2
US6946608B2 US10/826,384 US82638404A US6946608B2 US 6946608 B2 US6946608 B2 US 6946608B2 US 82638404 A US82638404 A US 82638404A US 6946608 B2 US6946608 B2 US 6946608B2
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
disconnect
battery
battery pole
attachment
housing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
US10/826,384
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US20050008929A1 (en
Inventor
Uwe Brede
Uwo Albrecht
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DYNAMIT NOBEL AIS GmbH
Autoliv Development AB
Delphi Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
Delphi Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10317757 priority Critical
Priority to DE10317757.4 priority
Priority to DE10337980A priority patent/DE10337980B4/en
Priority to DE10337980.0 priority
Application filed by Delphi Technologies Inc filed Critical Delphi Technologies Inc
Assigned to DYNAMIT NOBEL AIS GMBH reassignment DYNAMIT NOBEL AIS GMBH ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: ALBRECHT, UWE, BREDE, UWE
Publication of US20050008929A1 publication Critical patent/US20050008929A1/en
Publication of US6946608B2 publication Critical patent/US6946608B2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Assigned to AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB reassignment AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Assigned to DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC. reassignment DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: MG AIS GMBH AUTOMOTIVE IGNITIONS SYSTEMS I. L
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/20Current conducting connections for cells
    • H01M2/34Current conducting connections for cells with provision for preventing undesired use or discharge, e.g. complete cut of current
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H39/00Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current
    • H01H39/006Opening by severing a conductor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R11/00Individual connecting elements providing two or more spaced connecting locations for conductive members which are, or may be, thereby interconnected, e.g. end pieces for wires or cables supported by the wire or cable and having means for facilitating electrical connection to some other wire, terminal, or conductive member, blocks of binding posts
    • H01R11/11End pieces or tapping pieces for wires, supported by the wire and for facilitating electrical connection to some other wire, terminal or conductive member
    • H01R11/28End pieces consisting of a ferrule or sleeve
    • H01R11/281End pieces consisting of a ferrule or sleeve for connections to batteries
    • H01R11/287Intermediate parts between battery post and cable end piece
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/62Means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts or for holding them in engagement
    • H01R13/629Additional means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. aligning or guiding means, levers, gas pressure electrical locking indicators, manufacturing tolerances
    • H01R13/633Additional means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. aligning or guiding means, levers, gas pressure electrical locking indicators, manufacturing tolerances for disengagement only
    • H01R13/637Additional means for facilitating engagement or disengagement of coupling parts, e.g. aligning or guiding means, levers, gas pressure electrical locking indicators, manufacturing tolerances for disengagement only by fluid pressure, e.g. explosion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H39/00Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current
    • H01H2039/008Switching devices actuated by an explosion produced within the device and initiated by an electric current using the switch for a battery cutoff
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Abstract

A pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element, includes a housing (1) in which an electrical conductor is located, a pyrotechnic active element (14) including a breaking piston with a disconnect element (7) to sever the electrical conductor at an isolating point (11), and a pyrotechnic charge to drive the disconnect element (7). All of the current-conducting components except the active element (14) are combined to form a one-piece battery terminal clamp element (5).

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element

Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect elements for severing cables, stranded cables, etc. are known in the art. The fundamental principle involves a piston which is driven by a pyrotechnic element generating a propellant gas, whereby a cutter, knife blade, or punch element is located on the operative side of the piston. However, these pyromechanical disconnect elements interact in a fundamental way with the surrounding installation geometry. As a rule, the conductors and the battery terminal clamps mounted on the battery pole are composed of multiple components, an arrangement that makes assembly difficult. Another problematic aspect occurs when thick cable strands are clamped onto the current leads, whereby it is necessary, due to the low-resistance requirement, to attach these cable strands to the current leads using extremely strong terminal screws. When a battery terminal clamp of this type is situated on the battery pole, it is possible for significant mechanical vibrational loads caused by vibrations and shocks from the vehicle to act on these pole terminal clamps. As a result, the conductor may break.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The goal of the invention is therefore to construct a complete conductor, as the battery terminal clamp, in such a way that can be inserted into an armor housing and is kept clear of external mechanical loads at the isolating point. An additional goal according to the invention is to be able to install the pyrotechnic disconnect element and the conductor within a battery terminal clamp housing that is both simple and very securely attached.

According to the invention, this goal is achieved by combining all the current-conducting components except the active element to form a one-piece battery terminal clamp element.

A preferred embodiment is characterized in that the battery terminal clamp element has a clamping device for connection to the battery terminal and in that two arms oriented essentially at right angles to each other extend from the clamping device; in that an isolating point is located on the first arm, and beyond the isolating point and opposite the clamping device a first attachment element is located, which attachment element serves to connect to the systems to be disconnected in an emergency; and in that a second attachment element is located on the second arm and serves to connect to the systems to be disconnected in an emergency.

The housing advantageously has bracing ribs and/or link segments, and the battery terminal clamp element and active element can be inserted into these bracing ribs and/or link segments.

In order to prevent elements from falling out, an enlarged segment is preferably located on the first arm of the battery terminal clamp element between the isolating point and the first attachment element, the enlarged segment being located or pinched between the ribs in the housing.

In a preferred embodiment, the second attachment element is a support screw, and the first attachment element is an attachment hole.

In a preferred embodiment, only the attachment elements protrude from the battery terminal element out of the housing.

The arms of the battery terminal clamp element are advantageously in the form of a ribbon.

To provide reinforcement, the housing of the battery pole disconnect element is preferably fabricated out of a fiber-reinforced plastic.

The invention thus proposes that the complete current-collection terminal, including the pyromechanical isolating point, be inserted into a special support housing in such a way that the internal armoring link segments support the one-piece battery terminal clamp with the isolating point and the pyrotechnic active element such that the entire assembly is accommodated as a compact module within an enclosed housing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a section through the pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element of the present invention seen from above.

FIG. 2 slows front and side views of the one-piece battery terminal element of the pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element.

FIG. 3 shows the complete external form of the pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element seen from the top and side.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The following discussion explains the invention in more detail based on the figures.

FIG. 1 is a section through the pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element seen from above. Bracing elements of different kinds 2, 3, are located within a fiber-reinforced plastic housing 1. These bracing elements or link segments are arranged so as to be able to accommodate the complete battery terminal element 5 by insertion. At the same time, the active element 14 with the disconnect element 7 located in a housing 13 can be inserted into the link segments of housing 1. The armoring link segments 2, 3, secure by clamping both battery terminal element 5 and housing 13 of active element 14 so as to allow a defined free travel space to be created between isolating point 11 and disconnect element 7. In order to provide secure attachment and mechanical load relief from bending vibrations, a defined enlarged segment is added to the conductor of battery terminal element 5 at site 6. To attach the complete system, a generally known clamping device 12 is provided that securely retains the complete pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element on the positive terminal post of the battery. One-piece battery terminal element 5 has an electrical support screw 5 as a second attachment element 10 on the second arm 15 b, which screw maintains the electrical power supply for emergency power systems even in the event of a disconnect, and has an attachment hole as the first attachment element 9 on the arm 15 a of the battery terminal clamp that is electrically isolated from the pole terminal as a result of the destruction of isolating point 11.

In order to further elucidate the arrangement, FIG. 2 shows the metallic complete one-piece battery terminal element 5 along with support point 10, clamping device 12, isolating point 11, enlarged segment 6 to prevent the separated end of the arm from sliding out, and power supply hole 9 to which the main power cable can be connected.

FIG. 3 shows the complete external form of the pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element with terminal 9, electrical support point 10 of clamping device 12, and the electrical ignition plug connection 8.

Function: The complete pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element is mounted on the terminal post of the battery using clamping screw 12 in a manner analogous to a collet. At electrical support point 10, a variety of loads can be electrically connected by cable lugs. The load to be disconnected may be connected to the terminal lug or hole 9. The ignition plug connector coming from the sensor system is plugged in at connector plug input 8 of pyromechanical disconnect 7. In the even of a crash, for example, in which the triggering sensor system responds to the vehicle crash signature, an electrical ignition current pulse is connected through to ignition plug connector input 8. Within disconnect element 7, a propulsive pressure builds up which accelerates the disconnect element and drives it onto isolating point 11. As a result of the high kinetic energy liberated upon impact with point 11, the bus bar is broken at this point and bent into the cavity 4 as shown in the drawing. The circuit from the battery through battery terminal 5 to terminal 9 is thus interrupted.

Claims (9)

1. Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element, comprising a housing in which an electrical conductor is located, a pyrotechnic active element including a breaking piston with a disconnect element to sever the electrical conductor at an isolating point, and a pyrotechnic charge to drive the disconnect element, characterized in
that all the current-conducting components except the active element are
combined to form a one-piece battery terminal element.
that the battery terminal element has a clamping device for connection to a battery terminal;
that two arms oriented at essentially right angles relative to each other extend from the clamping device;
that the isolating point is located on the first arm, and beyond the isolating point and opposite the clamping device an attachment element is located on this arm for connection to a system to be disconnected in an emergency, and;
that a second attachment element is located on the second arm for connection to the systems to be disconnected in an emergency.
2. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing has bracing ribs and/or link segments, and that the battery terminal element and the active element inserted into these bracing ribs and/or link segments.
3. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that an enlarged segment is located on the first arm between the isolating point and the first attachment element.
4. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 3, characterized in that the enlarged segment is located between ribs in the housing so as to prevent the separated end of the arm from falling out.
5. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that the second attachment element is a support screw.
6. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that the first attachment element is an attachment hole.
7. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that only the attachment elements protrude from the battery terminal element out of the housing.
8. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that the arms of the battery terminal element are ribbon-shaped.
9. Battery pole disconnect element according to claim 1, characterized in that the housing is fabricated out of a fiber-reinforced plastic.
US10/826,384 2003-04-17 2004-04-19 Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element Expired - Fee Related US6946608B2 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10317757 2003-04-17
DE10317757.4 2003-04-17
DE10337980A DE10337980B4 (en) 2003-04-17 2003-08-19 Pyromechanical battery-pole separator
DE10337980.0 2003-08-19

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20050008929A1 US20050008929A1 (en) 2005-01-13
US6946608B2 true US6946608B2 (en) 2005-09-20

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10/826,384 Expired - Fee Related US6946608B2 (en) 2003-04-17 2004-04-19 Pyromechanical battery pole disconnect element

Country Status (3)

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US (1) US6946608B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1469564B1 (en)
JP (1) JP4874528B2 (en)

Cited By (8)

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US8493081B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2013-07-23 Magna Closures Inc. Wide activation angle pinch sensor section and sensor hook-on attachment principle
US20130263715A1 (en) * 2010-12-27 2013-10-10 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Cutter
US9234979B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2016-01-12 Magna Closures Inc. Wide activation angle pinch sensor section
US20160336131A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 Lisa Draexlmaier Gmbh Fuse having an explosion chamber
WO2017096464A1 (en) * 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Blue Solutions Canada Inc. Battery protection device
US9789782B2 (en) 2013-06-07 2017-10-17 Autoliv Development Ab Battery module disconnect arrangement
US10068732B2 (en) 2014-02-04 2018-09-04 Autoliv Development Ab Pyrotechnic circuit breaker
US10373788B2 (en) 2016-06-30 2019-08-06 Joyson Safety Systems Acquisition Llc Battery disconnect device

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US7879389B2 (en) * 2006-06-27 2011-02-01 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Low-cost bipolar plate coatings for PEM fuel cell
US8026040B2 (en) * 2007-02-20 2011-09-27 Az Electronic Materials Usa Corp. Silicone coating composition
US8865335B2 (en) 2007-12-25 2014-10-21 Byd Co. Ltd. Electrochemical storage cell
US8193770B2 (en) * 2007-12-25 2012-06-05 BYD Co. Ltd Battery system for a vehicle having an over-current/over-temperature protective feature
KR101082862B1 (en) * 2008-10-14 2011-11-11 주식회사 엘지화학 Battery Pack Containing Electrode Terminal Connecting Device
JP5500518B2 (en) * 2009-06-10 2014-05-21 矢崎総業株式会社 Battery terminal with current sensor
DE102009033410B4 (en) 2009-07-15 2011-09-01 Auto-Kabel Managementgesellschaft Mbh Circuit breaker for electric supply lines of motor vehicles
US8709628B2 (en) * 2010-09-02 2014-04-29 Bathium Canada Inc. Battery pack with connecting device
DE102010051669A1 (en) * 2010-11-17 2012-05-24 Li-Tec Battery Gmbh Electrical component
JP5679561B2 (en) 2011-02-23 2015-03-04 矢崎総業株式会社 Plastic molded product
JP5352723B1 (en) 2012-09-05 2013-11-27 日本航空電子工業株式会社 Electrical connector
JP5480947B2 (en) * 2012-10-02 2014-04-23 日本航空電子工業株式会社 Assembly
FR3024707B1 (en) 2014-08-07 2018-03-23 Turbomeca Fast assistance device for an aircraft free turbine turbine
US9692245B2 (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-06-27 General Electric Company Battery management system and power connector
AT517907B1 (en) 2015-10-19 2019-06-15 Hirtenberger Automotive Safety Gmbh & Co Kg Pyrotechnic separator
RU168738U1 (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-17 Акционерное общество "Военно-промышленная корпорация "Научно-производственное объединение машиностроения" Electrical connectors docking and interconnection assembly
US10386660B2 (en) * 2017-03-31 2019-08-20 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Optical phase shifter, optical interferometer based thereupon, and method of manufacture thereof
GB2566255A (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-03-13 Hyperdrive Innovation Ltd Battery safety protection
DE102017011471B3 (en) 2017-12-13 2019-01-24 Audi Ag Electrical fuse with a pyrotechnic separator

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US3848100A (en) * 1973-09-07 1974-11-12 K Kozorezov Explosive circuit-breaker
US4224487A (en) * 1978-02-23 1980-09-23 Simonsen Bent P Fast acting explosive circuit interrupter
US5504288A (en) * 1994-10-17 1996-04-02 Texas Instruments Incorporated Sensor for use with air bag inflator and method for making
US5877563A (en) * 1995-02-06 1999-03-02 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengellschaft Fuse device for a cable in motor vehicles
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8493081B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2013-07-23 Magna Closures Inc. Wide activation angle pinch sensor section and sensor hook-on attachment principle
US9234979B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2016-01-12 Magna Closures Inc. Wide activation angle pinch sensor section
US9417099B2 (en) 2009-12-08 2016-08-16 Magna Closures Inc. Wide activation angle pinch sensor section
US20130263715A1 (en) * 2010-12-27 2013-10-10 Daikin Industries, Ltd. Cutter
US9789782B2 (en) 2013-06-07 2017-10-17 Autoliv Development Ab Battery module disconnect arrangement
US10431406B2 (en) 2014-02-04 2019-10-01 Autoliv Development Ab Pyrotechnic circuit breaker
US10068732B2 (en) 2014-02-04 2018-09-04 Autoliv Development Ab Pyrotechnic circuit breaker
US9953783B2 (en) * 2015-05-13 2018-04-24 Lisa Draexlmaier Gmbh Fuse having an explosion chamber
US20160336131A1 (en) * 2015-05-13 2016-11-17 Lisa Draexlmaier Gmbh Fuse having an explosion chamber
WO2017096464A1 (en) * 2015-12-11 2017-06-15 Blue Solutions Canada Inc. Battery protection device
US10373788B2 (en) 2016-06-30 2019-08-06 Joyson Safety Systems Acquisition Llc Battery disconnect device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1469564B1 (en) 2012-12-05
JP4874528B2 (en) 2012-02-15
US20050008929A1 (en) 2005-01-13
JP2004319515A (en) 2004-11-11
EP1469564A1 (en) 2004-10-20

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