US6942581B2 - Golf club head - Google Patents

Golf club head Download PDF

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Publication number
US6942581B2
US6942581B2 US10454546 US45454603A US6942581B2 US 6942581 B2 US6942581 B2 US 6942581B2 US 10454546 US10454546 US 10454546 US 45454603 A US45454603 A US 45454603A US 6942581 B2 US6942581 B2 US 6942581B2
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Prior art keywords
head
club head
sub
body
heel
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Expired - Fee Related
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US10454546
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US20040248666A1 (en )
Inventor
Tae-Joon Kim
Richard S. J. Kim
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Tae-Joon Kim
Richard S. J. Kim
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B53/0466Heads wood-type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B53/047Heads iron-type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B2053/0433Heads with special sole configurations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B53/00Golf clubs
    • A63B53/04Heads
    • A63B2053/0433Heads with special sole configurations
    • A63B2053/0437Heads with special sole configurations with special crown configurations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B60/00Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like
    • A63B60/52Details or accessories of golf clubs, bats, rackets or the like with slits

Abstract

A golf club head composed of a one-piece body having a front side, a rear side, a top and a bottom, and provided with a groove that extends from the rear side to locally reduce the cross-section of the body and to form the body into a heel sub-head adjacent a hosel and a toe sub-heads remote from the hosel, the sub-heads meeting at a joint plane in the body, the joint plane extending from the base of the groove to the front side.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to golf club heads.

It is known that the flight of a golf ball can be controlled most accurately by striking the ball at the center of gravity, or at the sweet spot, which is an area of the club head face that surrounds the center of gravity and has an extent that varies from one club head design to another.

In the prior art it is known to increase the area of the sweet spot by increasing the volume and weight of the club head However, this, in turn, increases its air resistance, or drag force, and thus reduces the speed at which it can strike the ball.

In addition, because the shaft of a club forms an obtuse angle with the length dimension of the club head, the head is twisted by a hinge action if the ball is struck at a point above or below the center of gravity, or the sweet spot, resulting in a hook or slice.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides a novel golf club head that is given an enlarged sweet spot without a corresponding increase in volume and weight and consequent increased drag force.

A golf club head according to the invention comprises: a one-piece body having a front side, a rear side, a top and a bottom, and provided with a groove that extends from the rear side to locally reduce the cross-section of the body and to form the body into a heel sub-head adjacent a hosel and a toe sub-head remote from the hosel, the sub-heads meeting at a joint plane in the body, the joint plane extending from the base of the groove to the front side.

Thus, the golf club head according to the invention is made up of two sub-heads that create several centers of gravity that are spaced apart in the general direction of the length dimension, resulting in a significantly enlarged sweet spot.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of a first preferred embodiment of a golf club head according to the invention.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view, from the rear and side, of the head of FIG. 1.

FIGS. 3 and 4 are, respectively a top plan view and a front elevational view of the head of FIG. 1, showing exemplary linear dimensions of the first preferred embodiment.

FIGS. 5 and 6 are views similar to those of FIGS. 3 and 4 of the first preferred embodiment, with reference circles and lines added to illustrate certain features of the club head.

FIG. 7 is a top plan view if the head of FIG. 1, showing exemplary radius of curvature dimensions of the first preferred embodiment in a horizontal plane.

FIG. 8A is a top plan view of the head of FIG. 1, with a cross section line 8B—8B in the longitudinal direction of the head.

FIG. 8B is an elevational cross-sectional view along line 8B—8B of FIG. 8A, showing exemplary radius of curvature dimensions of the first preferred embodiment.

FIGS. 9A, 10A and 11A are top plan views of the head of FIG. 1, each with a respective cross-section line 9B—9B, 10B—10B, 11B—11B.

FIGS. 9B, 10B and 11B are elevational cross-sectional views along lines 9B—9B, 10B—10B and 11B—11B, respectively, showing exemplary linear dimensions of the first preferred embodiment.

FIG. 12A is a top plan view of the head of FIG. 1, with cross section lines 12B—12B and 12C—12C in the width, or thickness, dimension of the head.

FIGS. 12B and 12C are elevational cross-sectional views along lines 12B—12B and 12C—12C of FIG. 12A, showing exemplary radius dimensions of the first preferred embodiment.

FIGS. 13 and 14 are, respectively, a bottom plan view and a top plan view showing the configuration of the club head in greater detail.

FIG. 15 is an exploded view showing two sections of the club head rotated relative to one another from their actual spatial relation.

FIGS. 16 and 17 are a perspective view, from the rear and below, and a top plan view of two examples of a second preferred embodiment of a golf club head according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

A first preferred embodiment of a golf club head according to the invention is shown in FIGS. 1-15.

The first preferred embodiment of the invention is a driver club head for a club that is typically known as a “wood” because club heads of this type were historically made of that material. However, clubs known as “woods” may now be made of other materials, such as fiberglass, carbon fiber, ceramic fiber reinforced plastic, or other materials, including materials that may be developed and adopted for this purpose in the future, and all of these materials are intended to be encompassed by the present invention.

Referring specifically to FIG. 1, a club head can be considered to be divided into three regions: a toe region I; a center region II; and a heel region III. Known golf club heads exhibit one center of gravity 5 essentially at the center of region II, with an associated sweet spot that may have the shape and size indicated by area 47. The vast majority of strokes by an average golfer will involve impact with the ball at some point in a larger area 46, which extends into regions I and III.

The club head 10 according to the invention is configured, as will be described in detail below, to have a heel sub-head 14 corresponding to region III and a toe sub-head 16 corresponding to regions I and II and behaves as if it has three centers of gravity 5, 6, and 7, each in a respective one of regions I, II and III, with a resulting greatly enlarged sweet spot 46 that covers a substantial portion of the front, or striking, face of the club head.

Reference will now be made to FIGS. 1-15 as a group.

Club head 10, which is formed essentially of two sub-heads, heel sub-head 14 adjacent a hosel 15 and toe sub-head 16 remote from hosel 15, is a one-piece body provided at its rear side, which is the trailing side during a forward swing of the golf club, with a groove that divides the club head into sub-heads 14 and 16, which meet at a joint plane 21.

FIGS. 13 and 14 show most clearly the configuration of the top and bottom surfaces of club head 10. FIG. 15 shows sub-heads 14 and 16 separated from one another to more clearly illustrate the form of joint plane 21, which is designated 21A at the side associated with sub-head 16 and 21B at the side associated with sub-head 14. Club head 10 consists, in fact, of a single piece of material that extends continuously across joint plane 21. In other words, FIG. 15 shows how the sub-heads would appear if head 10 were cut apart along joint plane 21. Joint plane 21 extends from the bottom 22 of the groove to the front side of club head 10.

Sub-head 16 has a bottom surface, or sole portion, 8A, a front surface, or striking face, 18A, a top surface 38A and a rear surface 40A. Sub-head 14 has corresponding surfaces 8B, 18B, 38B and 40B.

The joint plane 21A,B acts as a secondary neck of golf club 10.

A significant feature of club head 10 is that it has three distinct centers of gravity: 5 (CG1) provided by the entire club head; 6 (CG2) provided by toe sub-head 16; and 7 (CG3) provided by heel sub-head 14. Preferably CG1, 2 and 3 are located on a common line that is inclined downwardly toward the heel of the club head, but the centers of gravity can be present in other patterns. In either case, the three centers of gravity result in a relatively large sweet spot for a club head having normal exterior dimensions. The line C in FIGS. 2, 5, 6, 13 and 14 passes through what would be the center of a conventional golf club head having overall dimensions comparable to an embodiment of the present invention.

FIGS. 3, 4 and 7-12C show one set of exemplary dimensional values for the first preferred embodiment of a club head according to the invention. The longitudinal, or length, direction and the width, or thickness, direction of the club head correspond to the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, of FIG. 3, while the longitudinal and height directions of the head correspond to he horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, of FIG. 4.

FIGS. 5 and 6 are views identical to those of FIGS. 3 and 4, respectively, and FIG. 5 includes superimposed circles with diameters D1 and D2, which are not structural elements of the club head, but coincide with arcuate portions of the rear surface of the club head. As indicated by the circle whose diameter is represented by line D1, the location of the maximum width dimension of a golf club head according to the invention is shifted toward the toe portion from the center in comparison with convention golf club heads. At the location of maximum width, along the line D1, toe sub-head 16 holds more concentrated perimeter weight. Center of gravity 6 is centered on the intersection of line D1 and a vertical plane containing the axis 39 of shaft 20. A portion 11 represents material that can be removed from a club head blank to form the club head according to the invention. Center of gravity 7 is centered on the intersection of line D2 and the vertical plane containing the axis 39 of shaft 20. Center of gravity 7 is associated with the mass of heel sub-head 14, hosel 15 and a lower part of shaft 20. As a result, the club head according to the invention is composed of masses that have, in effect, shifted toward centers of gravity 6 and 7, with the following advantages: impulsive forces are produced as a result of increased moment of inertia stemming from the concentrated weight masses; and an increased moment of inertia cooperates to increase the resistance of the club head to twisting.

Obviously, these values could be varied within the framework of the invention. Dimensions not indicated can be typical for conventional woods.

Preferably, club head 10 is configured so that heel sub-head 14 contains no more than 40% of the mass of club bead 10 and, correspondingly, toe sub-head 16 contains at least 60% of the club head mass. Also preferably, in the thickness direction of club head 10, the distance between rear surface 38A of toe sub-head 16, at the thickest point of toe sub-head 16, and groove bottom 22 is preferably less than 70% of the maximum thickness of the toe sub-head 16 in the thickness direction. Further preferably, in the longitudinal direction of club head 10, the distance from the heel end of the club head to groove bottom 22 is preferably less than 40% of the total length of the club head in the longitudinal direction.

As illustrated, the top and rear surfaces of each sub-head have convex shapes, which may have the form of spheroidal or spherical segments.

As already noted, the embodiment described above relates to a club head of the “wood” type, such as a driver. Other embodiments of the invention can take the form of other types of club heads, such as those that are made of metal and are commonly referred to as irons. Here again, the invention encompasses any modern materials that are used, or that may be adopted for use in club heads that are commonly referred to in the art as “irons.”

Two examples of club heads 10′ and 10″ of the latter type are shown in FIGS. 16 and 17. These embodiments also include a groove having a bottom 22′, 22″, the groove dividing the club head into a heel sub-head 14′, 14″ and a toe sub-head 16′, 16″.

In the embodiment of FIG. 16, the rear surfaces of sub-heads 14′ and 16′ are relatively flat, as is typical of irons, and the outer extremity of the groove has a relatively large dimension in the longitudinal direction of the club head. In the embodiment of FIG. 17, the rear surfaces of sub-heads 14″ and 16″ are convex in a vertical plane, the groove has convex side walls, and the groove is relatively narrow. In other respects, each club head can have dimensions that are typical for conventional irons.

Of course, embodiments of the invention can have configuration and relative dimension other than those disclosed herein.

The foregoing description of the specific embodiments will so fully reveal the general nature of the invention that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily modify and/or adapt for various applications such specific embodiments without undue experimentation and without departing from the generic concept, and, therefore, such adaptations and modifications should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation. The means, materials, and steps for carrying out various disclosed functions may take a variety of alternative forms without departing from the invention.

Thus the expressions “means to . . . ” and “means for . . . ”, or any method step language, as may be found in the specification above and/or in the claims below, followed by a functional statement, are intended to define and cover whatever structural, physical, chemical or electrical element or structure, or whatever method step, which may now or in the future exist which carries out the recited function, whether or not precisely equivalent to the embodiment or embodiments disclosed in the specification above, i.e., other means or steps for carrying out the same functions can be used; and it is intended that such expressions be given their broadest interpretation.

Claims (12)

1. A golf club head comprising: a one-piece body having a front side, a rear side, a top and a bottom, wherein said one-piece body is provided with a groove that extends from said rear side to locally reduce the cross-section of said body and to form said body into a heel sub-head adjacent a hosel and a toe sub-head remote from the hosel, the sub-heads meeting at a joint plane in said body, which joint plane extends from the base of said groove to said front side, and further wherein said golf club head has a center of gravity and said toe sub-head is dimensioned such that a line passing through the center of gravity and perpendicular to said front side intersects said toe sub-head.
2. The club head of claim 1 wherein each of said front and rear sides is composed of a heel sub-head part and a toe sub-head part, and said heel and toe sub-head parts of said front sides are substantially coplanar.
3. The club head of claim 2 wherein said heel and toe sub-head parts are each essentially convex at said rear side.
4. The club head of claim 3 wherein said convex heel and toe sub-head parts at said rear side are each defined by a circular arc in at least one plane.
5. The club head of claim 3 wherein said convex heel and toe sub-head parts at said rear surface are each defined by circular arcs in two mutually perpendicular planes.
6. The club head of claim 3 wherein said body is made of wood.
7. The club head of claim 1 wherein the base of said groove has outline that is convex in a direction away from said front side.
8. The club head of claim 1 wherein said body is made of metal.
9. The club head of claim 1 wherein said toe sub-head contains at least 60% of the mass of said golf club head.
10. The golf club head of claim 1 wherein club head has a height dimension between said top and bottom and said groove locally reduces the height dimension of said club between said heel and toe sub-heads.
11. A golf club head comprising: a one-piece body having a front side, a rear side, a top and a bottom, wherein said one-piece body is provided with a groove that extends from said rear side to locally reduce the cross-section of said body and to form said body into a heel sub-head adjacent a hosel and a toe sub-head remote from the hosel, the sub-heads meeting at a joint plane in said body, which joint plane extends from the base of said groove to said front side, and further wherein said toe sub-head contains at least 60% of the mass of said golf club head.
12. The golf club head of claim 11 wherein said club head has a height dimension between said top and bottom and said groove locally reduces the height dimension of said club between said heel and toe sub-heads.
US10454546 2003-06-05 2003-06-05 Golf club head Expired - Fee Related US6942581B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10454546 US6942581B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2003-06-05 Golf club head

Applications Claiming Priority (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10454546 US6942581B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2003-06-05 Golf club head
AU2004245065A AU2004245065B2 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf club head
KR20057023259A KR100769760B1 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf Club Head
CN 200480015457 CN100563760C (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 The golf club head
EP20040754269 EP1635916A4 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf club head
CA 2528016 CA2528016C (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf club head
JP2006515166A JP2006526482A (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf club head
PCT/US2004/017622 WO2004108220A3 (en) 2003-06-05 2004-06-04 Golf club head

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US20040248666A1 true US20040248666A1 (en) 2004-12-09
US6942581B2 true US6942581B2 (en) 2005-09-13

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EP (1) EP1635916A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2006526482A (en)
KR (1) KR100769760B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100563760C (en)
CA (1) CA2528016C (en)
WO (1) WO2004108220A3 (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050170907A1 (en) * 2004-02-02 2005-08-04 Mitsuhiro Saso Metal wood club
US7294066B1 (en) 2002-07-03 2007-11-13 Richard Jr Joseph K Golf putter head
US20080161127A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-03 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US7485051B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2009-02-03 Richard Jr Joseph K Golf putter
US20090163294A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Callaway Golf Company Driver with deep aft cavity
US20100285902A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-11-11 Sri Sports Limited Golf Club Head
US20100331107A1 (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-12-30 Helene Rick Wedge type golf club head with improved performance
US20110250986A1 (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-10-13 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf Club Heads With Protrusion Weights And Related Methods

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7513835B2 (en) * 2005-11-23 2009-04-07 Peter Angelo Belmont Golf club heads
US8262495B2 (en) * 2009-09-24 2012-09-11 Nike, Inc. Visual indicator golf club head and golf clubs

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US1139985A (en) * 1913-07-05 1915-05-18 Gilbert Legh Golf-club.
US1671956A (en) * 1926-03-29 1928-05-29 Crawford Mcgregor & Canby Co Balanced blade for golf clubs
US1916792A (en) * 1930-11-20 1933-07-04 Donaldson Mfg Company Ltd Golf club head
US3625518A (en) 1969-05-23 1971-12-07 Karsten Solheim Golf club head with complex curvature for the sole and/or the striking face
US3640534A (en) 1969-06-13 1972-02-08 Truett P Mills Hosel-less wooden golf club with shaft retainer and sole plate
US5060949A (en) * 1989-03-10 1991-10-29 Brill Edward F Golf club construction
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US5547426A (en) * 1995-12-18 1996-08-20 Plop Golf Company Progressive golf club having a diagonally balanced slot back
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US1916792A (en) * 1930-11-20 1933-07-04 Donaldson Mfg Company Ltd Golf club head
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US3640534A (en) 1969-06-13 1972-02-08 Truett P Mills Hosel-less wooden golf club with shaft retainer and sole plate
US5078400A (en) * 1986-08-28 1992-01-07 Salomon S.A. Weight distribution of the head of a golf club
US5060949A (en) * 1989-03-10 1991-10-29 Brill Edward F Golf club construction
US5186465A (en) * 1991-01-22 1993-02-16 Chorne Robert I Golf club head
US5098103A (en) 1991-05-28 1992-03-24 Mackeil Robert F Fixed compensating loft golf club head
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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7294066B1 (en) 2002-07-03 2007-11-13 Richard Jr Joseph K Golf putter head
US20050170907A1 (en) * 2004-02-02 2005-08-04 Mitsuhiro Saso Metal wood club
US7255653B2 (en) * 2004-02-02 2007-08-14 Mitsuhiro Saso Metal wood club
US7485051B2 (en) 2006-10-30 2009-02-03 Richard Jr Joseph K Golf putter
US9561405B2 (en) 2006-12-22 2017-02-07 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8753229B2 (en) 2006-12-22 2014-06-17 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8529369B2 (en) * 2006-12-22 2013-09-10 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8192304B2 (en) 2006-12-22 2012-06-05 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8187119B2 (en) 2006-12-22 2012-05-29 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US20100285902A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-11-11 Sri Sports Limited Golf Club Head
US10010769B2 (en) 2006-12-22 2018-07-03 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US20080161127A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-03 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US7682263B2 (en) * 2006-12-27 2010-03-23 Sri Sports Limited Golf club head
US8043166B2 (en) * 2007-12-19 2011-10-25 Callaway Golf Company Driver with deep aft cavity
US20100273573A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2010-10-28 Callaway Golf Company Driver with deep aft cavity
US7753809B2 (en) * 2007-12-19 2010-07-13 Cackett Matthew T Driver with deep AFT cavity
US20090163294A1 (en) * 2007-12-19 2009-06-25 Callaway Golf Company Driver with deep aft cavity
US20100331107A1 (en) * 2009-06-24 2010-12-30 Helene Rick Wedge type golf club head with improved performance
US8617002B2 (en) * 2009-06-24 2013-12-31 Acushnet Company Wedge type golf club head with improved performance
US9216328B2 (en) 2009-06-24 2015-12-22 Acushnet Company Wedge type golf club head with improved performance
US8628431B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2014-01-14 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club heads with protrusion weights and related methods
US8371957B2 (en) * 2010-04-12 2013-02-12 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf club heads with protrusion weights and related methods
US20110250986A1 (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-10-13 Karsten Manufacturing Corporation Golf Club Heads With Protrusion Weights And Related Methods

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2528016C (en) 2010-05-11 grant
WO2004108220A3 (en) 2005-02-10 application
EP1635916A4 (en) 2008-05-28 application
WO2004108220A2 (en) 2004-12-16 application
CN1809404A (en) 2006-07-26 application
KR100769760B1 (en) 2007-10-23 grant
EP1635916A2 (en) 2006-03-22 application
KR20060038941A (en) 2006-05-04 application
CA2528016A1 (en) 2004-12-16 application
JP2006526482A (en) 2006-11-24 application
US20040248666A1 (en) 2004-12-09 application
CN100563760C (en) 2009-12-02 grant

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