US692837A - Spring-upholstery work. - Google Patents

Spring-upholstery work. Download PDF

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Publication number
US692837A
US692837A US3751700A US1900037517A US692837A US 692837 A US692837 A US 692837A US 3751700 A US3751700 A US 3751700A US 1900037517 A US1900037517 A US 1900037517A US 692837 A US692837 A US 692837A
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Prior art keywords
edge
spring
wire
springs
clip
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US3751700A
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Charles S Ellis
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Charles S Ellis
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C23/00Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases
    • A47C23/04Spring mattresses with rigid frame or forming part of the bedstead, e.g. box springs; Divan bases; Slatted bed bases using springs in compression, e.g. coiled
    • A47C23/05Frames therefor; Connecting the springs to the frame ; Interconnection of springs, e.g. in spring units
    • A47C23/0515Frames therefor; Connecting the springs to the frame ; Interconnection of springs, e.g. in spring units using clamps or similar connecting means

Description

No. 692,837, Patented Feb. lg, |902.

c. s. ELLIS;

SPRING UPHOLSTERY WURK. (Appucaion med Nov. 2s, 1900.) (nu maal.)

UNITED STATES PATENT GEEICE.v

CHARLES ELLIS, 0F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

SPRING-UPHOLSTERY WORK.

SPEGLFXCATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 692,837, dated February 1 1, 1902.

Application filed November 23,1900. Serial No. 3 7,517. (No model.) i

T0 all whom t may concern:

Beit known thatl, CHARLES SELLIs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago,

yin the county of Cook and State of Illinois,

for connecting the coiled springs used in such work with the border or edge wires used to form the edge of a couch, cushion, or the like.

The principal object of my invention is tov provide a clip which' will securely'fasten to the border of the frame of a spring couch, bed, chair, cushion, or the like the spiral of Athe coiled spring used therein, so that'the wire! edge of such cushion, couch, bed, or chairmay respond to the upward and downward movementsof the springs to which the. said wire is attached and which at the same time has in combination therewith means for retaining the cord used in upholstery-work for tieing the springs to control their upward and lateral motion.

Having the foregoing object in view, the invention consists of ametal clip comprising two body portions straight on one edge and curved on 'the otheredge, a bent neck connecting said body portions, a substantially right-angled flange on each body portion at the straight edge thereof, and a curved flange on each body portion opposite the right-anged flange and disposed along the curved e ge.

In the drawings, Figure l is a plan view of the corner of a couch, bed, chair, or cushion border attached to spiral springs by means of the clip and the cord through it. Fig. 2 is a View of the under side of the clips, one be ing clamped over the edge or border of the springs and the other being in position to be so clamped. Fig. 3 is a View of the blank used to make the clip before the edgesare turned. Fig. 4 is aviewin perspective of one of the springs tied down by the cord to control the upward movement thereof and fastened to the couch-border by the clip. Fig. 5 is a cross-section through wire, spring, and clip on the line l 1 in Fig. l. Fig. 6 is a view of the clip in perspective. Fig. 7 is across-section through edge wire, spring, and clamped clip along the line 2 2 in Fig. l. v

In theconstruction of a clipy according to my design I provide first a blank, prefer-` ably of thin sheet metal, such asis shown in` Fig.v 3, with one of its sides C en rving inwardlyandwithoneportioncutnotonlyoutof such curving side, but also out of the side S opposite thereto, alon g the edge thereof, leaving thevs'paces O and Omidway between the 6o ends of the blank and' forming between such spaces the neck-N, connecting the parts of the blank referred to by the letters E and E. vIn f practice I find it desirable to make the edge of the separated parts of the curved side of the blank in thev arcl of a circle. This blank I shape, preferably, with a die suitable f or that purpose into the forni shown in'Fig. 6, so that the neck N will be rounded and the curved edge C ofthe blank will be turned over and lie 7o in a plane substantially parallel to the original plane of the underlying main surface of the blank and so that the opposite straight edges S will be turned up as anges in a plane substantially perpendicular to the original plane of the blank. The shaping is so done and the edges so turned that the portions of the blank turned up along the straight edges thereof Yare substantially the same in surface as the portions F' turned over along the curved side 8o of the blank. This construction is preferred', because it isdesired that when'the upturned straight-edged portions are clamped over the spring and border-wires, as shown in Fig. 2, the curved and straight` edges of the clip will contact each other or approach contact with each otheraround the spring and border-wires. When so clamped the clip will, along the side represented by the curved edge,form two separated hollow annular `flanges F', suitable for 9o the reception therein through the open space k'between the straight edge (marked S) and the curved edge (marked C) of the spiral-coiled spring-wire W,and along the side represented by the straight'edge will form two angles, 95

into which the edge wire W maybe inserted, as shown in Fig. 2, into portions ready to be held therein by the clamping thereo'ver of those portions of the clip marked `F 'and turned-up along the straight edge IIS, herein- Ioo 'before referred to.

The rounding of the neck N will leave between the clip andthe inclosed edge wire and the spring-'strand'a space sufficiently large to permit of the passage clip a pair of pincers, designed for the pur-` therethrough of a cord 0c, such as is commonly used in spring-upholstery Work for fastening the springs to each other and to the framework upon which they stand.

In use, desiring to fasten the edge wire and the springs in such manner as will put the springs in condition to respond equally and collectively to pressure, I tirst take an edge or border wire, such as is commonly used in the art for the edge of a couch or cushion, and bring it into contact with the top spiral of the outer rows of the coiled springs IV, which said springs are supported by the framework of the article offurniture desired to be upholstered. I then tie the springs to each other, to the edge wire, and to the framework or base upon which they stand, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 4t, using cords ofsuitable size and strength.v 'Vhen the border or edge wire has been tied to any given spring, I apply the clip to the top spiral ot the spring and to the edge wire, so that cord a: will lie beneath the neck N and the spiral will be introduced within the curved or annular flanges of the clip and the wire edges within the angles A of the same. I then apply to the pose ot' turning the tianges F, and fasten such flanges over the edge wire \V', as shown in Figs. l, 2, and '7. The border-Wire and the springs are thus brought into close contact and tlxedly attached to each other over the cord au.

I point out that my clip is an improvement over all other clips used in spring-upholstery work in that it is the only clip yet designed which can be used to fasten together vsprings and edge wire after the springs are corded and tied in the manner necessary and common in the art.

Vhile I have described my invention with more or less minuteness regarding the details of construction and as being embodied in certain precise forms, I do not desire to be limited thereto unduly or any more than is pointed out in the claims. On the contrary,

I contemplate all proper changes in form or construction and arrangement, the omission of immaterial elements, and the substitution of equivalents as circumstances may suggest or necessity render expedient.

I claiml. In a spring couch or cushion, the combination of rows of springs properly supported, a wire border extending around the outer rows of springs, a cord fastening the border to the springs, the springs to each other and connecting them also with their underlying support, and metal clips, fastening the Wire border andthe springs over the cord, the said clips consisting of two portions, each having one right-angled ange along astraight edge and one curved iiange along an inwardly curving edge and joined together by a neck rounded to tit over the cord, the right-angled ianges being adapted to be bent around the edge Wire to connect the wire and springs, all substantially as described.

2. As a new article of manufacture, a metal clip for spring-upholstery work consisting of two body portions, straight on one edge and curved on the other edge, a bent neck connecting said body portions, a substantially right-angled iiange on each body portion at the straight edge thereof, and a curved flange on each body portion, opposite the right-angled flange, and disposed along the curved edge.

3. In spring-upholstery work, the combination of a coiled spring and straight-edged wire adjacent thereto, a cord fastening together thespringand the edge Wire andaclip clamped over the edge wire, spring and cord, the said clip consisting of two portions each having an angular ange, along astraight edge, and another flange opposite thereto along a curving edge, the two portions being joined by a rounded neck fitting over the cord, all substantially as described.

CIIAS. ELLIS.

IVitnesses:

IRA McConD, Guo. ll. NVILsoN.

US3751700A 1900-11-23 1900-11-23 Spring-upholstery work. Expired - Lifetime US692837A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445375A (en) * 1943-10-01 1948-07-20 Wallis Lionel Selby Spring structure for mattress, cushions, or the like
US20080182349A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-07-31 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method for manufacturing display device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445375A (en) * 1943-10-01 1948-07-20 Wallis Lionel Selby Spring structure for mattress, cushions, or the like
US20080182349A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-07-31 Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd. Method for manufacturing display device

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