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Windmill.

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Publication number
US692714A
US692714A US1901079655A US692714A US 692714 A US692714 A US 692714A US 1901079655 A US1901079655 A US 1901079655A US 692714 A US692714 A US 692714A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
member
shaft
arms
clutch
arm
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Joseph C Sala
Gioacchino Stabile
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Joseph C Sala
Gioacchino Stabile
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64DEQUIPMENT FOR FITTING IN OR TO AIRCRAFT; FLYING SUITS; PARACHUTES; ARRANGEMENTS OR MOUNTING OF POWER PLANTS OR PROPULSION TRANSMISSIONS IN AIRCRAFT
    • B64D35/00Transmitting power from power plant to propellers or rotors; Arrangements of transmissions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63HMARINE PROPULSION OR STEERING
    • B63H21/00Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels
    • B63H21/24Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels the vessels being small craft, e.g. racing boats
    • B63H21/26Use of propulsion power plant or units on vessels the vessels being small craft, e.g. racing boats of outboard type; Outboard propulsion power units movably installed for steering, reversing, tilting, or the like
    • B63H21/28Arrangements of transmission between propulsion power unit and propulsive element

Description

Pafented Feb; 4, I902.

No. 692,7l4.

J. c. SALA &. a. STABILE.

WIND MILL.

(Application filed Oct. 23, 1901.) v

2 Seats-Sheet I.

(No Model.)

Patented Feb. 4, I902.

J, C. SAL-A &. G. STABILE.

WI N D M I L L.

(Application filed Oct. 23, 1901'.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

(Ilo Modal.)

3 of k.

A m a a m: nanms PETERS 60., PHOTO-LIYHQA WASHINGYON, o. c.

UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE. V

JOSEPH C. SALA AND GIOACCHINO STABILE, OF SAN FRANCISCO,

' CALIFORNIA.

WINDMILL.

SPEGIFIOATIQN forming oart of Letters Patent No. 692,714, dated February 4, 1902.

Application filed October 23, 1901. Serial No- 79,655. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern: 7

Be it known that we, JOSEPH C. SALA and GIOACOHINO STABI E, citizens of the United States, and residents of the city and county of San Francisco and State of California, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Windmills, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.

In the following description of the manner of carrying out and producing our invention the said drawings are referred to as follows:

Figure 1 is a front elevation of that part of the windmill usually termed the wheel and the mechanism through which the revolutions of the wheel are converted into reciprocating motion to drive the pump. Fig. 2 is a top plan of the wheel. Fig. 3 is a side elevation, in detail and on an enlarged scale, of the reciprocating mechanism and the device for throwing off and on the power. Fig. 4 isa perspective view showing in detail the construction of the folding arms. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section'through the center ofone of the vanes.

In the drawings and in the following description the principal parts are designated and referred to as the vanesa, head 1), folding arms 0, upright driving-shaft d, driven shaft e, gearingfg, pitmen h, clutch is, and tower or frame m, in which the two shafts are supported on the top of the wooden framework that elevates the wheelat a proper height above the ground. Usually this framework is formed of upright timbers p, properly tied and braced by stringers s and braces 2, as shown in Figs. 1 and 4. I p

The present invention relates to windmills of that class or description in which the windpropelled wheel is arranged to travel in a horizontal plane; and it has for its object to produce certain improvements in the construction of the wind-wheel and in the means connecting the same with the pump and in the mechanism for throwing the wheel in and out of operation.

To such end and object the improvements consist in a mill or device constructed substantially as hereinafter more fully described and claimed.

mill.

The upright shaft. d is formed in two parts or sections, as shown in the drawings,and is provided with bearings 2 2 in the frame 711, and on its upper end projecting above the top bearing is fixed the head I), the end of the shaft being squared to fit a-hole 3 of correthe opposite ends are fixed two arms 6 7,

diametrically opposite 'to each other or at one hundred and eighty degrees apart. To each arm is attacheda pitman h by a crankcoun-terbalance each other when in motion. The gear 9 is keyed on the horizontal shaft; but the other gearf of the pair is connected .7 pin 8, so that the two pitmen, being driven I by-t-he same horizontal shaft, are made to to the upper member of the upright shaft through the medium of a two-part clutch,composed of a collar 9, to which the gear f is secured, and a similar collar 10, fitted to slide on the upper shaft, so as to connect with and be disconnected from the other clutch-collar 9 on the lower member of the shaft by a sliding movement; but at the same time'it is attached to the 'sha'ftby a groove and spline to turn with the shaft. The sliding movement to engage and disengage these two clutch members'is efiected by a lever 12, fulcrumed in a support on the frame and connected at one end by a fork 14, attached to a loosely-fitting ring 15 on the clutch-collar 9 by links 13, so as to allow that member to turn with the shaft. A support for the fulcrum of lever 12 is formed by a bracket secured to the frame at 21. To the longer arm of the lever, that extends'beyond the fulcrum, is attached a cord 16 for operating the clutch from the ground, so that it is unnecessary to ascend the tower when it is desired to stop or to start the wind By pulling on the cord the clutch member 9 will be raised from the clutch member 10 and the two may be held apart by taking a hitch around the chest on the framework.

Ordinarily the weight of the clutch member 9 will be sufiicient to connect it with, the remaining member when the cord is released, and thus the use of a spring to throw the parts of the clutch into engagement is not required. Each arm is composed of two members 18 and 17, united by a hinge-joint 20, one of which is fastened at the end rigidly to the head I), while the other member is provided or formed with an upwardly-turned post 21 of rectangular shape in cross-section. This last-mentioned member is made or arranged to fold back horizontally upon the fixed member, and both members are preferably constructed of angle-iron, by which proper strength and stiffness is secured with a minimum of weight of metal to support the weight of the outer member and its vane, and thereby relieve the hinge of the same. A flanged plate is riveted to the under side of the fixed or inner member 18, so as to extend across the joint and under the bottom of the outer member.

17. In that position the projecting piece allows the hinged member to turn back on the joint when the parts are folded together, while it removes all strain on the hinge when the parts are set in line. The arms are connected one to another around the circle by tie-rods 23, so as to join them stii'fiy together in one structure and also relieve the hinged members of all lateral strain due to windpressure against the vanes on the outer ends. The rods are attached to the arms by bending or shaping the ends of the rods and inserting them in holes provided in the arms.

The vanes a are oval dish-shaped disks fixed on the ends of the arms by means of a socket 524 on the back or convex side of the vane, having a square hole to receive the post on the end of the arm. The vanes are set in upright position, with their concave sides facing in the same direction around the circle and having the major axis of the oval standing vertically. The proportion of the length or major axis to the width or minor axis of the vane is approximately twice the length of the minor axis, and the concavity being deepest at the intersection of the two axes is reduced regularly in the direction of both axes out to the rim, giving the vane a shallow dish-shaped form. A cross-section on the line of either axis will be less than a semicircle. This form of vane, in conjunction with the position in which it is fixed on the carrying-arm, enables a large vane to be carried by a relatively light arm, because the greater length of the vane being disposed perpendicularly to the arm its weight, as well as the length of the surface receiving the windpressure, does not throw upon the hinged member of the arm at the joints an increased strain either in a perpendicular or in a lateral direction. A vane of this form has the additional advantage of presenting the least surface of resistance when passing outof the wind and also when turning edgewise and passing into the wind.

Two cranks and a pitman areprovided for working two pumps, and these are set and connected at one hundred and eighty degrees apart, so that the weight of one pump-rod in descending acts as a counterbalance to the weight of the other rod and the load of water being lifted, thereby producing a smooth and even action of the mill.

The parts of this mill are few in number and are specially designed and combined to avoid complicated mechanism and a multiplicity of working parts.

A mill of this construction can be put together and set up for operation by any person familiar with the use of tools withoutrequiring special mechanical skill. It can be packed in small compass for transportation. It is also readily kept in repair.

Having thus fully described our invention, what we claim as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-- l 1. The herein-described windmill, comprisingasuitable frame, an uprightdriving-shaft, a head, radial arins fixed thereto, braces uniting the arms, oval disk-shaped yanes secured to the ends of the arms with the longer axes of the vanes perpendicular to the arms, a horizontal shaft having crank-arms on the ends set diametrically opposite to each other, a pit'man connected to the crank-arm, a beveled gear fast on the crank-shaft, a bevel-gear loose on the upright shaft, a two-part clutch connecting that bevel-gear to its shaft, and a clutch-lever.

2. In a windmill, a wind-wheel comprising a head, radial arms secured thereto at points around the circle, said arms being composed each of a member rigidly secured to the head, and a member attached to the rigid member by a hinged joint, a supporting-plate on the member extending under the hinge, and detachable brace-arms connecting the outer hinged members together.

3. In a windmill, a wind-wheel comprising a head mounted for rotation on an upright shaft, a plurality of arms secured to the head in radial position around the circle, and avane on the end of each arm composed of an oval dish-shaped disk having its longer axis set upright and perpendicular to the arm, said disks being in cross-section less than a semicircle on the line of the longer and shorter axes.

In testimony whereof we have signed our names in the presence of two subscribing wit- IIGSSGS.

JOSEPH O. SALA. GIOAOCIIINO STABILE. lVitnesses:

GEO. T. Knox, EDWARD E. OSBORN.

US692714A 1901-10-23 1901-10-23 Windmill. Expired - Lifetime US692714A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037989A (en) * 1975-05-12 1977-07-26 Huther Jerome W Vertical axis wind turbine rotor
US4321005A (en) * 1980-01-03 1982-03-23 Black Jerimiah B Modular windmill installation
US4508972A (en) * 1984-01-20 1985-04-02 Willmouth Robert W Armature lift windmill
US4566854A (en) * 1984-05-21 1986-01-28 Slezak Ray J Wind rotor
US4620834A (en) * 1981-04-03 1986-11-04 Baird John P Wind machine with clutch having losh motion characteristic
US5246342A (en) * 1992-07-09 1993-09-21 Bergstein Frank D Wind rotor apparatus
US5642983A (en) * 1994-11-26 1997-07-01 Chung; Jung Han Sail system for wind turbines
US6798080B1 (en) 1999-10-05 2004-09-28 Access Business Group International Hydro-power generation for a water treatment system and method of supplying electricity using a flow of liquid
US20050025624A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Pierson Robert M. Wind turbine with vertical axis
US6885114B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-04-26 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US20080136191A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2008-06-12 Baarman David W Miniature hydro-power generation system
WO2010020931A2 (en) * 2008-08-19 2010-02-25 Daniel Farb Vertical axis turbine hybrid blades
US20100109336A1 (en) * 2007-01-30 2010-05-06 Hangug Casting Co., Ltd. Apparatus for wind power generation with a vertical axis
US20110018277A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Michael Wayne Brace Hydrokinetic electrical power generation system
US20110123314A1 (en) * 2009-11-21 2011-05-26 Tyson York Winarski Apparatus and method for forced convection of seawater
US8083483B1 (en) 2008-04-26 2011-12-27 Arden L Thorsbakken Water wheel barrage energy converter
US20140271156A1 (en) * 2013-03-16 2014-09-18 Nicholas Aruhn Aylor Suetrong Apparatus for converting wind into circular mechanical motion

Cited By (43)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4037989A (en) * 1975-05-12 1977-07-26 Huther Jerome W Vertical axis wind turbine rotor
US4321005A (en) * 1980-01-03 1982-03-23 Black Jerimiah B Modular windmill installation
US4620834A (en) * 1981-04-03 1986-11-04 Baird John P Wind machine with clutch having losh motion characteristic
US4508972A (en) * 1984-01-20 1985-04-02 Willmouth Robert W Armature lift windmill
US4566854A (en) * 1984-05-21 1986-01-28 Slezak Ray J Wind rotor
US5333996A (en) * 1992-07-09 1994-08-02 Bergstein Frank D Dual fluid rotor apparatus
US5246342A (en) * 1992-07-09 1993-09-21 Bergstein Frank D Wind rotor apparatus
US5642983A (en) * 1994-11-26 1997-07-01 Chung; Jung Han Sail system for wind turbines
US7233078B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2007-06-19 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US6798080B1 (en) 1999-10-05 2004-09-28 Access Business Group International Hydro-power generation for a water treatment system and method of supplying electricity using a flow of liquid
US6885114B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-04-26 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US20050025624A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Pierson Robert M. Wind turbine with vertical axis
US7462945B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2008-12-09 Access Business Group International, Llc. Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system
US20050189770A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2005-09-01 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with multiple liquid flow paths
US7067936B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2006-06-27 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with multiple liquid flow paths
US7119451B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2006-10-10 Access Business Groupinternational, Llc. Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with ultraviolet dosing
US20070120368A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2007-05-31 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with configurable hydropower generator
US20050189769A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2005-09-01 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with ultraviolet dosing
US20080060184A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2008-03-13 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US20080116147A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2008-05-22 Access Business Group International, Llc: Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system
US20080136191A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2008-06-12 Baarman David W Miniature hydro-power generation system
US6927501B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2005-08-09 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system
US20090278355A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2009-11-12 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US7663259B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-02-16 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system
US7663257B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-02-16 Access Business Group International, Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with configurable hydropower generator
US7663258B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-02-16 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power genteration system power management
US8426992B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2013-04-23 Access Business Group International Llc Self-powered miniature liquid treatment system with configurable hydropower generator
US7675188B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-03-09 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US7701076B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-04-20 Access Business Group International, Llc Hydro-power generation system
US8188609B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2012-05-29 Access Business Group International Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system power management
US20110233935A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2011-09-29 Access Business Group International Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US7768147B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-08-03 Access Business Group International, Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US20110175351A1 (en) * 2003-10-09 2011-07-21 Access Business Group International, Llc: Miniature hydro-power generation system power management
US7956481B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2011-06-07 Access Business Group International Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system
US7932618B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2011-04-26 Access Business Group International Llc Miniature hydro-power generation system power management
US7812470B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2010-10-12 Access Business Group International Llc Method for making miniature hydro-power generation system
US20100109336A1 (en) * 2007-01-30 2010-05-06 Hangug Casting Co., Ltd. Apparatus for wind power generation with a vertical axis
US8083483B1 (en) 2008-04-26 2011-12-27 Arden L Thorsbakken Water wheel barrage energy converter
WO2010020931A3 (en) * 2008-08-19 2010-07-01 Daniel Farb Vertical axis turbine hybrid blades
WO2010020931A2 (en) * 2008-08-19 2010-02-25 Daniel Farb Vertical axis turbine hybrid blades
US20110018277A1 (en) * 2009-07-24 2011-01-27 Michael Wayne Brace Hydrokinetic electrical power generation system
US20110123314A1 (en) * 2009-11-21 2011-05-26 Tyson York Winarski Apparatus and method for forced convection of seawater
US20140271156A1 (en) * 2013-03-16 2014-09-18 Nicholas Aruhn Aylor Suetrong Apparatus for converting wind into circular mechanical motion

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