US689437A - Printing-press. - Google Patents

Printing-press. Download PDF

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Publication number
US689437A
US689437A US74310A US1901074310A US689437A US 689437 A US689437 A US 689437A US 74310 A US74310 A US 74310A US 1901074310 A US1901074310 A US 1901074310A US 689437 A US689437 A US 689437A
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Prior art keywords
ink
roller
rollers
composition
fountain
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Expired - Lifetime
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US74310A
Inventor
John Thomson
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JOHN THOMSON PRESS Co
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JOHN THOMSON PRESS Co
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Priority to US6596901A priority Critical patent/US689436A/en
Application filed by JOHN THOMSON PRESS Co filed Critical JOHN THOMSON PRESS Co
Priority to US74310A priority patent/US689437A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41FPRINTING MACHINES OR PRESSES
    • B41F1/00Platen presses, i.e. presses in which printing is effected by at least one essentially-flat pressure-applying member co-operating with a flat type-bed
    • B41F1/26Details
    • B41F1/40Inking units

Description

Patented Dec. 24, I901.
.1. THOMSON. PRINTING PRESS.
(Application filed Sept. 4, 1901.)
4 Sheets$haet I.
(No Model.)
No. 689,437. Patented Dec. 24, mm.
J. THOMSON.
PRINTING PRESS.
(Application filed. Sept. 4, 1901.) (No Moqel.) 4 SheetsSheet 2.
wzomy m: NORRIS warms co, PHDTD'LITNU WASHXNGTON, n c.
No. 689,437. Patented Dec. 24, MIL J. THOMSON.
- PRINTING PRESS.
(Application filed Sept. 4, 1901.)
(No Model.) 4 Sheets-8heet 3.
n3: vqqgms FETIRS co. PMOYGUTMO. wuumcrrou. n. c
No. 689,437. Patented Dec. 24, I901.
J. THOMSON. PRINTING PRESS.
(Appliation filed' Sept. 4. 1901., (No Model.) 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.
TH: mums rsnzns co moroumm, VVASHINGTUN, 0.1:.
Y U ITED "STATES PATENT Erica.
JOHN THOMSON, on BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO JOHN THOMSON PRESS COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORA- TION OF NEW JERSEY.
PRINTING-PRESS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 689,437, dated December 24, 1901.
Original application filed June 25, 1901, Serial No.'65,969. Divided and this application filed September 4, 190]. Serial No. 74,310- (No model.)
i the following is a specification.
This invention relates to platen printingpresses, and more particularly to the inking mechanism; and the Object and nature of the invention will be fully disclosed in the following, specification.
This application is a division of an application filed by me June 25, 1901, Serial No. 65,969, which application covers certain improvements in printing-presses, some of which are illustrated herein, but will not be particularly described.
The general characteristics of the style of press to which the present invention is specially applicable are well exemplified in my prior patents, No. 372,993, granted November 8, 1887; No. 427,450, granted May 6, 1890, and No. 428,182, granted May 20, 1890, and in the machines commercially known as the lolts Armory Press, and it is deemed unnecessary herein to describe in detail the old and common features of the press illustrated herein and shown in my prior patents, except so far as is necessary to point out the improvements constituting the present invention.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a left-hand side elevation of a press embodying the invention. Fig.2 is a right-hand side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a rear elevation. Fig. 4 is a diagram of the ink-distributing system. Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail view of the ratchet-lever and the devices for determining the action of the ink-fountain cylinder. Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the ink-fountain.
The carriage, generally designated by B, in which are mounted the form-inking rollers 66, 67, 68, and 69, is carried up and down the carriage-ways, as C D, across'the form and caused to dwell upon the main inking-cylinders and 71 by mechanism fully described in my application above referred to and which need not be described herein, as it forms no part of my present invention.
The ink-distributing system is designed to supply ink from the least to the greatest degree, covering every requirement of modern practice, with the utmost economy and convenience to the operator. In Figs. 1 and 2 and in the diagram Fig. 4 the distributing system'is exemplified at its maximum efficiency, the object being to transfer a band of ink received from an intermittently-actuated ink-fountain cylinder to the main ink-cylinders and thence to the form-inking rollers of the carriage in a perfectly uniform film free from inequalities or streaks; but as such an extent of distribution as is here illustrated is not required in all sizes and kinds of forms it is desirable to be able to quickly adapt the.
character or amplitude of the distribution to the work 'in hand.
Referring more particularly to the diagram Fig. 4, is a metal ink-fountain cylinder; 91, a composition ductor-roller; 92, a metal changer, 93 94 95 96, composition rollers, and 97 is a metallic riding-roller. Thus the main ink-cylinders 7071 primarily drive the composition rollers 94 95 96 by ink friction. The metal roller 97 rides on the composition rollers 93 and 95 and drives the former, as 93, which in turn actuates the changer 92 and the doctor-roller 91. The composition roller 94 makes contact both upon the main inkcylinder '70 and the riding-roller 97. Hence in the combination shown the said riding-roller 97 is driven by the two composition rollers 94 and 95. It is to be Observed that the composition rollers 93 and 95 operate in horizontal slots 98, Figs. 1 and 2, the center of which is disposed midway between the two main ink-cylinders 70 71, While the composition roller 96 and the metal ridingroller 97 operate in the slot 99, which is disposed at approximately a right angle to and intersects the horizontal slots 98. The consequence of this arrangement is that the metallic riding-roller 97 acts bygravity to automatically thrust each of the composition rollers 93 and 95 into proper contact with the changer 92 and the cylinders 70 7l,,respectively, so that no other adjustment is requisite to make up for shrinking of the composition. The said riding-roller 97 also perroller 91, the latter is thus directly acted upon by lateral distribution, the advantage of which is obvious to those skilled in the art.
By the constructionabove described the following lesser combinations of the formrollers and distributing-rollers may be obtained, viz: First, the composition rollers 91 and 96 may be dispensed with; second, if the supply of the fountain is not required (as in short runs) the additional composition roller 03, the changer 92, and the ductor-roller 91 maybe dispensed with; so, also, may from one to three ofthe forn'i-inkingrollers b6 07 68 09 be dispensed with; third, the press is operative with but one or two of the lower formin hing rollers (if) 08 and the single distributing composition roller 00; fourth, so, too, the press is operative with either one or two upper form-inking rollers 66 67 and the single distributing composition roller 94; fifth, havingfirst removed the rollers 05 and 97 the two upper forminkiug rollers 66 67 and the distributing-roller 0 may be operated with one color of-ink on one half of the length of the upper main ink-cylinder and the two lower form-inking rollers 68 69 and the distributing composition roller 06 may be operated with another color of ink upon the other half of the length of the lower main ink-cylinder 71, in which instance the length of the composition on the several rollers mentioned may be but half of their usual length, the ink being supplied manuallyinstead of by the fountain, and, sixth, either of the main ink-cylinders 70 71 may be removed without seriously interfering with the operation of the distributing system. It will thus be seen that with the construction shown and described by means of the intersecting vertical and horizontal slots supporting the rollers, so that by the action of gravity upon the roller in the vertical slots the composition rollers are thrust away from each other in a horizontal direction and into contact, respectively, to the right and to the left, one with the cylinder and the other with the changer, a complete and satisfactory ink-distributing system is provided which is capable of meeting the requirements of practical operation.
The ductor-roller 91 is freely mounted on the vibrator-frame 101, Figs. 1 and 2, which is pivoted at 102 in the carriage-ways. The
desirable conditions for the operation of the doctor-roller are that it shall be held in contact with the ink-fountain cylinder 90 while the latter is, being rotated and immediately this is accomplished shall be swung over and maintained in contact with the changer 92 for the longest period of time possible, as this will insure the most thorough distribution of the fresh charge of ink received from the inkfountain. These conditions are obtained by means of the lever 103, Fig.1, one end of which is connected to the vibrator-frame 101 and the other end of whichhas a frictionroller 104, operated by a cam 105, formed in the outer face of the left-hand main gearwheel. As the extentof the vibration required is comparatively slight, in practice usually not exceeding one-fourth to threeeighths of an'inch', this makes it possible to vibrate the doctor-roller 91 rapidly, and yet without producing an objectionable shock or wear of the parts. To provide for shrinkage, the arm 103 is provided with a slot, as 100, which embraces a boss on the end of the vibrator-frame 101, being made fast thereto in any suitable manner, as by a clamp-nut 1.07.
By this construction the effective radius of the lever 103 may be directly-increased or decreased to obtain the desired degree of intimacy of contact of the ductor-roller 91 upon the changer 92 and the ink-fouutain cylinder without the intervention of additional apparatus. The desired conditions of operation of the ink-fountain cylinder are that it may rotate smoothly through a relatively long arc, so that the film of ink flowing past the inkblade may be cut down very thin, thus transmitting a thin but wide band of color to the doctor-roller. Such a band of ink is much more quickly and effectively cut up and distributed than when the ink is fed in a narrow and thick band. These conditions are obtained to the limit of practicability by forming cams, as 105, Fig. 1, and 109, Fig. 2, in the outside face of each of the main gearwheels 83 84, which in the instance of the cam 109 by a suitable connection, as the friction-roller 110,vibrates a bell-crank lever 111, mounted to operate freely upon the same center 102 as the vibrator-frame 101, but independent thereof. Formed upon this lever 111 is a segment, as 112, containing gear-teeth (see Fig. 5) which operate in a corresponding gear-segment 113, formed in the ratchetlever 11,4, freely mounted upon a journal 115 on the end of the ink-fountain cylinder 90. This ratchet-lever carries a pawl 116, which engages a ratchet-wheel117, made fast to the ink-fountain cylinder 90. It will now be apparent from an inspection of the cams 109, formed in the outside faces of the gear-wheels, that any desired amplitude of motion of the levers right and left can be obtained without objectionable shock and that they may so cooperate relatively as to obtain the longest possible period of time'for the ductor-roller 91 to perform elfective work. Itis to be observed that the bell-crank lever 111 is not susceptible of adjustment, its throw being constant. In usual practice heretofore such adjustments IIC are provided that the throw of the pawl may be changed to engage one, two, or more teeth of the ratchet-wheel 117, hence correspondingly increasing or decreasing the extent of the rotation of the ink-fountain cylinder and the width of the band of ink fed to the doctorroller. In the present instance this result is accomplished without interposing adjustments in the motive mechanism by means of a shield 120, Fig. 5, freely mounted on the same journal 115 as the ratchet-lever 114 and so arranged that by setting the shield 120 to diiferent predetermined positions, as by an index-plate 121 and latch 122, the pawl 116 is permitted to engage one or more of the teeth of the ratchet-wheel 117, its total amplitude of motion, however, being constant. By applying a suitable connection to the shield 120-as, say, the rod 123 and arm 119-a most convenient means is afforded to the operator, whereby he can increase or decrease the supply of ink to the form-inking rollers without leaving his position in front of the press.
An improved means for eifecting the adjustment of the ink-blade in respect to the ink-fountain cylinder is shown more clearly in Fig. 6, and this consists in forming a series of channels, as 126, below the ink-blade 125 in the main body of the ink-fountain. In each of these channels is freely placed a short cylindrical piece of metal, as 127. The incline of these channels 126 with respect to the incline of the ink-blade 125 and the diameter of the cylindrical piece 127 may be such that the motion imparted to the latter when thrust forward, as by a thumb-piece 128, will produce an elevation of the blade of less extent than the pitch of the thumb-screw. Moreover, by means of this simple interposition of the cylindrical pieces 127 a wide area of contact is obtained upon the blade, lessening, the
liability of kinking it, and yet providing a most elastic and perfect means of adjustment of the blade with relation to the ink-fountain.
Having thus described my invention and pointed out the preferred embodiment thereof, without limiting myself to the precise details of construction and arrangement, what I claim is- 1. The combination in a platen printingpress having a main ink-distributing cylinder or cylinders and a form-inking carriage, of carriage-ways, provided with intersecting vertical and horizontal slots forming bearings for ink-distributing rollers, and ink-rollers mounted therein in such manner that the action of gravity upon the roller in the vertical slots acts to thrust the two rollers in the horizontal slots, upon which it makes contact, to
changer and main ink-cylinders, and a riding- 6 5 roller, the parts being constructed and arranged so that the riding-roller acts by gravity to thrust the composition rollers away from each other and into contact respectively with the main ink-cylinders and changer, substantially as described.
3. The combination with the main ink-cylinders, of distributing composition rollers as 93 and 95 mounted in horizontal slots in the carriage-ways, a riding-roller 97 mounted in vertical slots in the carriage-ways, an inkfountain, a ductor-roller, and a changer interposed between the ductor-roller and the distributing composition rollers, the latter being thrust into lateral contact with the changer and with the main ink-cylinders,right and left, by the downward thrust of the riding-roller, substantially as described.
4. In a platen printing-press, the combination with a main driving-gear, an ink-fountain, a vibrator-frame, a ductor-roller, and a changer or metal cylinder, of an arm as 103 the projecting end, 104, of which is adapted to be operated by a cam, as 105, formed in the face of the main gear, the other end being slotted and attached by a clamp, as 102, to a journal of the vibrator-frame, whereby the arm may he slid back and forth upon the vibrator-frame and also in the cam to increase or decrease the throw of the ductor-roller, substantially as described.
5. The combination with an ink-fountain having channels, an ink-fountain cylinder mounted therein, and an ink-blade, of cylindrical pieces resting in the channels, and
means for adjusting their positions therein and adjusting the blade, substantially as described.
6. The combination with an ink-fountain having channels, an ink-fountain cylinder mounted therein, and an ink-blade, of cylindrical pieces resting in the channels, and
gears, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN THOMSON.
Witnesses:
JOHN G. HINKEL, H. M. GILLMAN, Jr.
US74310A 1901-06-25 1901-09-04 Printing-press. Expired - Lifetime US689437A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US6596901A US689436A (en) 1901-06-25 1901-06-25 Platen printing-press.
US74310A US689437A (en) 1901-06-25 1901-09-04 Printing-press.

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US74310A US689437A (en) 1901-06-25 1901-09-04 Printing-press.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2798425A (en) * 1953-02-24 1957-07-09 Davidson Corp Inking and dampening means for offset presses
US3041968A (en) * 1957-10-01 1962-07-03 Samuel M Langston Co Ink fountains for rotary printing presses
US3611928A (en) * 1968-08-24 1971-10-12 Ricoh Kk Ink supply regulation device for offset printing press

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2798425A (en) * 1953-02-24 1957-07-09 Davidson Corp Inking and dampening means for offset presses
US3041968A (en) * 1957-10-01 1962-07-03 Samuel M Langston Co Ink fountains for rotary printing presses
US3611928A (en) * 1968-08-24 1971-10-12 Ricoh Kk Ink supply regulation device for offset printing press

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