US688607A - Vessel sounding-rod. - Google Patents

Vessel sounding-rod. Download PDF

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Publication number
US688607A
US688607A US1901056748A US688607A US 688607 A US688607 A US 688607A US 1901056748 A US1901056748 A US 1901056748A US 688607 A US688607 A US 688607A
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Prior art keywords
tube
rod
vessel
float
cap
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Expired - Lifetime
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William Henry Dixon
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William Henry Dixon
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01FMEASURING VOLUME, VOLUME FLOW, MASS FLOW OR LIQUID LEVEL; METERING BY VOLUME
    • G01F23/00Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm
    • G01F23/30Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats
    • G01F23/56Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats using elements rigidly fixed to and rectilinearly moving with the floats as transmission elements
    • G01F23/58Indicating or measuring liquid level, or level of fluent solid material, e.g. indicating in terms of volume, indicating by means of an alarm by floats using elements rigidly fixed to and rectilinearly moving with the floats as transmission elements using mechanically actuated indicating means

Description

Patented Dec. I0, I90l.

w. H. DIXON. VESSEL SOUNDING BOD.

(Application filed Apr. 20,1901.) (N o M o d el.)

"me NORRXS PETERS co.. FHDTO'LITHO. WASHINGYOII, n4 1:.

'tical application of my invention.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

YVILLIAM HENRY DIXON, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

VESSEL SOUNDlNG-RO D.

SPECIFICATION forming part Of Letters Patent NO. 688,607, dated December 10, 1901. l 7 Application filed April 20, 1901. Serial No- 56,748. (No model.

To aZZ 1071,0122, it may concern:

Be it known that LWILLIAM HENRY DIXON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ohicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a newand useful Vessel Sounding-Rod, of which the following is a specification.

This invention is an improved construction of sounding-rod for'vessels, the object of the invention being to provide a simple and inexpensive device by means of which the amount of water in the hold of a vessel can be quickly and easily ascertained.

lVith this object in view the invention consists, essentially, in providing a tube which extends from the deck of the vessel down to the bottom of the hold, said tube having a float movable vertically therein, said float having a rod projecting upwardly therefrom, said rod having a scale marked thereon, the upper end being adapted to project above the deck and indicating the depth of water in the vessel.

Theinvention consists also in certain details of construction by means of which the broad idea of my invention is carried out, all of said details beinghereinafter fully set forth, and pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a view showing the prac- Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view of the device. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the float and rod. Fig. 4 is a detail view of the cap-plate. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the guidetube. Fig. 6 is a detail view of the cap.

In carrying out my invention I employ a tube A open at both ends, said tube being of suchlength as to extend from the deck proper to the extreme bottom portion of the hold of the vessel. The lower end has a suitable screen or strainer B to prevent dirt and foreign substances entering the tube A. The upper end of the tube passes through an opening cut in the deck and has a cap-plate O fastened to the upper end of the tube and also fastened to the deck by suitable screws, and a packing of any suitable material is arranged between ,the cap-plate and deck and tube in order to provide a tight joint, so that water will not pass into the tube while washing the deck. A float D, preferably made of metal,

in the hold of the vessel.

fits within the tube A, said float being made air-tight and normally resting in the bottom of the tube A. This float has bearing-rollers E arranged adjacent to the upper and lower ends, which rollers bear upon the interior of the tube A and guide the float as it moves up and down,itbeiugunderstood thataswateraccum ulates in the tube A the float will rise and will fall as the water descends, and the rollers E red uce thefriction and render the movement of the float easier and steadier. These rollers may be arranged and attached in anysuitable manner; but in practice I prefer to produce recesses or indentations at definite points and journal the rollers in such recesses or indentations, so that the float proper can be of such size as to fit snugly within the tube. A rod F is attached to the float, preferably at the bottom, and projects upwardly fora considerable distance, said rod having a scale or measurer G arranged thereon, said scale or measurer being preferably in the form of a rod or bolt, square in cross-section, the upper end Working through a guide-tube H, which is fitted into the square opening 0, produced centrally in the cap-plate O, the purpose of this guide-tube being to steady the upper end of the rod, and in order to reduce friction I journal the ant-ifriction-rollers H in the bottom of the guide-tube H. A cap I is pivoted to the cap-plate O and is adapted to cover the upper end of the guide-tube H, and this cap has a suitable packing-ring and is also provided with suitable fastening means, so that no water or other substance can escape into the tube from the top when the said cap is closed.

\Vhenever it is desired to ascertain the depth of water in the hold of the vessel, the cap I is un fastened and thrown back, and if there be any water in the vessel the float will immediately rise in the tube and project the graduated rod out through the tube H a distance equal to the rise of the float, which of course is equal to the depth of the Water with- This permits the depth of water to be positively ascertained, thereby avoiding the laborious operation of sounding heretofore employed and saving a great amount of time.

The details of construction herein shown and described are those which. I have found convenient for carrying out my invention; but it will of course be understood that they may be changed or varied as circumstances may require withoutdeparting from the broad idea of my invention.

Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is y 1. In a device for the purpose set forth, the combination with the tube having a float arranged therein, an indicating and measuring rod attached to the float, the cap-plate and guide-tube arranged at the upper end of the tube, and the cap adapted to cover the end of the'guide-tube, substantially as shown and described.

2. In a device for the purpose set forth, the

combination with the tube having a screen or strainer at the bottom thereof, of a float arranged within the tube and having rollers arranged thereon adjacent to the upper and lower ends of the float, the upwardly-projecting rod having a scale or indicating-marks thereon, the cap-plate arranged upon the top of the tube, the guide-tube attached to the cap-plate and having antifriction-rollers at its lower-end, and the cap attached to the cap-plate and adapted to cover the central opening and the upper end of the guide-tube, substantially as set forth.

WILLIAM HENRY DIXON. Witnesses:

B. W. REID, WM. H. DUNN.

US688607A 1901-04-20 1901-04-20 Vessel sounding-rod. Expired - Lifetime US688607A (en)

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US688607A US688607A (en) 1901-04-20 1901-04-20 Vessel sounding-rod.

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2834211A (en) * 1952-03-25 1958-05-13 Samaritano Joseph Liquid fuel gauge for aircraft
US5269184A (en) * 1992-11-12 1993-12-14 Tamotsu Nishida Device for measuring and controlling ground water levels and method of manufacturing such device
US5862775A (en) * 1996-07-24 1999-01-26 Stroud; John B. Sewer backup indicator
EP2473823A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2012-07-11 Rubicon Research, Pty.Ltd. A method of determining surface level, and a soil moisture sensor

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2834211A (en) * 1952-03-25 1958-05-13 Samaritano Joseph Liquid fuel gauge for aircraft
US5269184A (en) * 1992-11-12 1993-12-14 Tamotsu Nishida Device for measuring and controlling ground water levels and method of manufacturing such device
US5862775A (en) * 1996-07-24 1999-01-26 Stroud; John B. Sewer backup indicator
EP2473823A1 (en) * 2009-09-03 2012-07-11 Rubicon Research, Pty.Ltd. A method of determining surface level, and a soil moisture sensor
EP2473823A4 (en) * 2009-09-03 2014-05-21 Rubicon Res Pty Ltd A method of determining surface level, and a soil moisture sensor
US8915131B2 (en) 2009-09-03 2014-12-23 Rubicon Research Pty Ltd. Method of determining surface level, and a soil moisture sensor

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