US670032A - Window. - Google Patents

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Publication number
US670032A
US670032A US73022699A US1899730226A US670032A US 670032 A US670032 A US 670032A US 73022699 A US73022699 A US 73022699A US 1899730226 A US1899730226 A US 1899730226A US 670032 A US670032 A US 670032A
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United States
Prior art keywords
frame
hinges
sash
bolts
stiles
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US73022699A
Inventor
Edourd Parmentier
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Edourd Parmentier
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Application filed by Edourd Parmentier filed Critical Edourd Parmentier
Priority to US73022699A priority Critical patent/US670032A/en
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Publication of US670032A publication Critical patent/US670032A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/32Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing
    • E06B3/50Arrangements of wings characterised by the manner of movement; Arrangements of movable wings in openings; Features of wings or frames relating solely to the manner of movement of the wing with more than one kind of movement
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/535Hinge having means to facilitate assembly and disassembly of hinge sections to join or disjoin hinged members
    • Y10T16/536Separation of pivotal contacting surfaces
    • Y10T16/53615Hook and pin
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/56Closers
    • Y10T16/593Spring

Description

' Patented Mar. H], mm.
WIN D 0 W.
(Agglicution filed. Sept. 12, 1899 E. PARMENTIER.
EEEE
(No Model.)
Witnesses Eligurgi Qmpwrpflcr; Inventor RUMTED STATES.
PATENT OFFICE.
EDOURD PARMENTIER, OF VANCOUVER, WASHINGTON.
wmoow.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 670,032, dated March 19, 190] Application filed September 12, 1899. $eria1No. 730,226. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDOURD PARMENTIER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Vancouver, Clarke county, State of Washington, have invented a new and useful Improvement in WindoW'Sashes, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawingsasa part thereof.
My invention relates to improvements in windows, and has particular relation to the manner in which the sash are hung to allow them to be opened pivotally from either side or be bodily removed from the window.
One object of my invention is therefore to provide a construction of window which is connected to its supporting stile or frame in such manner as will allow the sash to be normally held in fixed position to close the opening, which can be opened from either side pivot-ally, or which can be bodily removed from its supporting-stile.
Another object is to provide a construction which is simple and efficient in operation,
durable in construction, and which can be made at a moderate cost.
To these and other ends said invention consists in the improved construction and combination of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, in which similar numerals of reference indicate similar parts in all of the views, Figure 1 is an elevation of a window-casing, showing sash mounted therein in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional View taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1 and showing the manner in which the sash is supported on the outer side of the pivot-point. Fig. 3is a view similar to Fig. 2, taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1 and showing the latch-bolt in position to form the sash-support on the rear side of the pivotpoint. Fig. -ftis a detail view showing the form of hinges to form the mounting shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a sectional view showing another form of hinge used where the hinge is to be secured to the edge of the sash instead of the face. Fig. 6 is a View showing the joint of the sash and the sash-supporting frame.
In the following description the invention is described as applied to a window; but inasmuch as it can be applied as welltoadoor or other closure it is to be understood that I reserve the right to make such application in so far as the same may fall within the spirit and scope of the claims hereto appended.
The window-casing l is of the usual construction having the usual structural forma tion for the sliding sash.
2 designates the sash-frame of the usual form and which can be hung in the casiugin any preferred manner. Instead, however, of securing the light directly within the sash and secured in such position as the ordinary window I provide an inner frame 3, fitted substantially air-tight by suitable jointssuch, for example, as that shown in Fig. 6- to said sash-frame 2. Said inner frame is arranged to be held in its closed position or may be moved or opened pivotally from either side or may be bodily removed fromthe frame 2 without disturbing the position of the latter relative to the casing in the manner now to be described.
Each of the sides of the frame 2, which are hereinafter designated as stiles, is provided near its upper and lower end with one member at of a knuckle-hinge 5, the opposing member 6 being secured to the frame 3, said hinge being formed in such mannerthat when the frames 2 and 3 are in alinement with each other, or, in other words, have their inner faces flush, the meeting portions of said memhere will engage to prevent a further inward movement of the inner frame toward the frame 2, but which will not prevent an outward movement to disengage said members when the inner frameis swung on the hinges of the opposite side of the frame. This is accomplished by making the member 6 with a hook-like projection 7, having an open side 8, as shown in Figs. at and 5, which projection passesover the pintle 9 of the member 4, as shown in Fig. 2, without forming an engagement with said pintle to prevent its disengagement from said pintle if the frame 3 retains its position. provided, it will be obvious that a simple movement of the frame 3 away from the frame 2 will disengage each of the members of the hinge, so that said inner frame is thereby made bodily removable. To retain said frame 3 in its position, however, I provide If no retaining means were IOO a suitable construction, such as a spring-operated bolt or catch 10, carried by the frame 3, the front end of said bolt or catch being adapted to enter a recess 11, formed in the frame 2, or may first pass through an opening in a keeper 12, coacting with said recess, as shown in Fig. 3. The position of the face of said bolt or catch relative to'the frame 2 is such that said bolt will pass into position when the projection of the member 6 abuts against its pintle and in such position holds the frame 3 from being Withdrawn. The relative arrangement of the hinges and bolt is such, therefore, that they severally engage on opposite sides of the pivot-point of the frame 3, which is represented by the pintles of the knuckle-hinges. As long, therefore, as both of the bolts are in engagement (one on each side of the frame) the inner frame 3 will be held in positive engagement with the frame 2; but if both bolts are disengaged said frame 3 can be bodily removed, as hereinbefore described, in this case the retaining means (the bolts) having been withdrawn. This, however, is not the only function of the hinges and bolts. By forming suitable recesses to allow of the movement of the bolt and of the projection of the member 6 on the pivot-point of the frame 3, as shown in the drawings, the release or withdrawal of the bolt from one side will allow of a pivotal movement of the frame 3 on the pivot-point of the opposite side of said frame, the frame 3 being prevented from entire removal during such pivotal movement. This is due to the fact that the face of the bolt will be in rear of the pivot-point to such an extent as to prevent a disengagement of the members of the hinge until the projection ofthe member 6 has reached a position where it will itself form a stop against such disengagement.
As each side of the frame 3 is formed substantially the same,the pivotal movement can take place with either side as the pivot-point.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is 1. The combination of an outer casing or frame, a closure therefor hung from both stiles of the frame by separable hinges, such hinges consisting of two parts, one of which parts comprises a leaf attached to both stiles of the frame, and the other parts of such hinges, which parts comprise a leaf having an extending knuckle, being attached to the two stiles of the door or closure, locks comprising projecting bolts on the said inner frame, and means affixed to the stiles of the frame on which said knuckles pivot for engaging said bolts, either closure-bolt while unretracted holding the knuckles on their hinge-pins when the closure is swinging open, the point of contact between the bolts and the engaging means being arranged to be in line with the pivotal point of the hinges, and the stiles of the frames having recesses for the said bolts to swing in while opening the closure, substantially as described.
2. The combination with an outer casing or frame, a closure therefor hung from both stiles of the frame by separable hinges, such hinges consisting of two parts, one of which parts comprises a leaf provided with a divided knuckle holdinga pin in an intermediate recess, this portion of the hinges being attached to both stiles of the frame, and the other parts of such hinges, which parts comprise a leaf having an extending half-knuckle adapted to fit into said recesses and engage the hingepins, being attached to the two stiles of the closure, locks comprising projecting bolts on the said inner frame, and catches or keepers affixed to the stiles of the frame and engaged by said bolts, either closure-bolt while unretracted holding the half-knuckles on their hinge-pins when the closure is swinging open, the point of contact between the bolts and the keepers being arranged to be in line with the pivotal point of the hinges, and the stiles of the frames having recesses for the said bolts to swing in while opening the closure, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
EDOURD 5 PARMENTIER.
mark
US73022699A 1899-09-12 1899-09-12 Window. Expired - Lifetime US670032A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US73022699A US670032A (en) 1899-09-12 1899-09-12 Window.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US73022699A US670032A (en) 1899-09-12 1899-09-12 Window.

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Publication Number Publication Date
US670032A true US670032A (en) 1901-03-19

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US73022699A Expired - Lifetime US670032A (en) 1899-09-12 1899-09-12 Window.

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3862526A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-28 Joseph B Loughlin Foldable a-frame mobile home
US10370882B2 (en) 2016-04-23 2019-08-06 Valeo Climate Control Corp. Injection molded housing

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3862526A (en) * 1972-12-11 1975-01-28 Joseph B Loughlin Foldable a-frame mobile home
US10370882B2 (en) 2016-04-23 2019-08-06 Valeo Climate Control Corp. Injection molded housing

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