US660052A - Ice-pick. - Google Patents

Ice-pick. Download PDF

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Publication number
US660052A
US660052A US72910399A US1899729103A US660052A US 660052 A US660052 A US 660052A US 72910399 A US72910399 A US 72910399A US 1899729103 A US1899729103 A US 1899729103A US 660052 A US660052 A US 660052A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
handle
pick
ice
spindle
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Expired - Lifetime
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US72910399A
Inventor
Harrison A Diggs
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Harrison A Diggs
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Priority to US72910399A priority Critical patent/US660052A/en
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Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B31/00Chucks; Expansion mandrels; Adaptations thereof for remote control
    • B23B31/02Chucks
    • B23B31/10Chucks characterised by the retaining or gripping devices or their immediate operating means
    • B23B31/12Chucks with simultaneously-acting jaws, whether or not also individually adjustable
    • B23B31/20Longitudinally-split sleeves, e.g. collet chucks
    • B23B31/201Longitudinally-split sleeves, e.g. collet chucks characterised by features relating primarily to remote control of the gripping means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/46Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor
    • Y10T24/4696Pin or separate essential cooperating device therefor having distinct head structure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T279/00Chucks or sockets
    • Y10T279/17Socket type
    • Y10T279/17411Spring biased jaws
    • Y10T279/17529Fixed cam and moving jaws
    • Y10T279/17547Axial screw actuator

Description

- Patented Oct. 16, I900. H. M. DIGGS.

W0. amuse.

ICE PICK.

(Application filed Aug. 31, 1899.)

(No Model.)

tlniiren States Patent met.

HARRISON A. DIGGS, OF NORFOLK, VIRGINIA.

ICE-PICK.

$PEGIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 660,052, dated October 16, 1900.

Application filed August 31, 1899. Serial No. 729,103. (No model.)

To (tZZ whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, HARRISON A. DIG Gs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Norfolk, in the county of Norfolk and State of Virginia, have invented a new and useful Ice- Pick, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to ice-picks; and the object in view is to provide in connection with a pick or hit a handle the construction of which will enable a pick or bit to be readily removed therefrom and replaced in case of breakage or when it is desired to substitute a bit of different shape or size.

It is also the object of the present invention to construct a handle in such a manner that it is adapted to receive several additional bits, which by reason of their being carried by the handle are always ready for use when needed, and to provide in connection with the handle a heavy or solid head which is adapted to be used as a striking-poll for crushing ice.

The invention consists in certain novel features and details of construction and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter fully described, and illustrated in the drawings and incorporated in the claim.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of an ice'pick constructed in accordance with the present invention. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section through the same. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the stem or spindle and the chuck at one end thereof.

Similar n umerals of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.

The ice-pick contemplated in this invention comprises a casing 1, which is of hollow cylindrical form, having one end reduced and tapered, as shown at 2. At the same end the casing 1 is provided with an internal annular shoulder 3, from which point to the end of the casing the bore is of reduced diameter and is tapered or outwardly flared to form a conical seat TL, which cooperates with the chuck or clamp hereinafter described.

5 designates a stem or spindle which extends centrally and longitudinally through the casing 1, said stein being provided at its outer or lower end with a head 6, which has diametrically-disposed intersecting slits 7, giving to the head the appearance of a chuck. The extreme end of this head or chuck is tapered, as shown at S, and is also reverselytapered or made cone-shaped, as shown at 9, the conical portion 9 cooperating with the conical seat in the end of the casing 1 when the stem or spindle is drawn inward or toward the butt of the handle. By splitting the head as described a plurality of jaws are formed, between which the inner end of a pick or other form of bit is adapted to be received and clamped. The innerend of the stem orspindle 5 is screw-threaded, as at 10, and fitted thereon is a combined handle-head and nut 11. This head is exteriorly knurled, as shown at 12, to facilitate the turning thereof by hand. The head is also provided with an internal. annular shoulder 13, which bears against the end of the casing 1 and cooperates therewith in tightening the chuck, and is further provided with an annular flange or collar 14, which fits around and turns upon the inner end of the casing 1. Outside of the flange 14 and threaded socket 10 the head 11 is solid and is constructed of metal, so as to afford considerable weight and provide a strikingpoll which is adapted to be used for crushing or cracking ice after the pick has been used in cracking off a chunk of ice.

The pick or bit is inserted between the jaws of the split head or chuck, and the" combined head and nut is then placed upon the upper end of the casing and turned so as to engage the threaded portion of the stem or spindle and at the same time bear against the upper end of the casing. By continuing the rotation of the head the stem or spindle is drawn upward or toward the butt-end of the handle, and by reason of the cooperation of the conical portion of the chuck and the conical seat in the end of the casing the jaws of the chuck are caused to move inward toward each other and firmly clamp the shank of the pick or bit between them. By unscrewing the head the jaws are released and allowed to move apart, and thereupon the pick or bit may be removed. The casing is sufficiently larger in diameter than the spindle or stem to leave an annular space surrounding the stem, which space is designed for the reception of a numher of additional bits, which may thus be con Veniently carried in the handle, Where they Will be ready for use.

It is to be observed that the improved icepick hereinbefore described includes a combination by which the jaws of the spindle are,

firmly compressed 'upon the 'tool and'the revoluble head 11 is drawn to its seat upon the end of the handle 1 by turning said head 11 1 on the handle, so as to draw upon the spindle 5, whereby all the parts of the tool are held in firm rigid relation simply by the op-;

eration of turning the head 11, and the jaws are made to so firmly grip the bit that the latter cannot become accidentally displaced from the spindle-head in the ordinary use of the implement. sleeved on the smooth or unthreaded end of i the cylindrical handle 1, and this sleeve is;

provided with a threaded socket or cavity,;

into which is secured the upper threaded extremity'of the spindle 5. Thelower part of this spindle is provided with the conicalhead, which has the plurality of radial slits, form-1 ing a series of yieldable independent jaws, H and this conical spindle-head is adapted to bedrawn firmly into tight engagement with the internal conical seat atthe lower end of It is now evidentthat the rota-i tion of the head 11 on its'sleeve'd connection 1. with the handle serves to give anendwise adthe handle.

justment to the spindle 5 by reason of the threaded engagementof said head and the" spindle. This endwise adjustment of the spindle operatesinsa twofold manner to draw the revoluble head 11 firmly'again'st the end of the handle and the conical split head firmly Within the seat at the opposite end of the handle. This adj ustment of the parts firmly seats the revoluble head in place'and com-. presses the jaws, so as to rigidly grip'the' tool, but at the same time the headmay be turned in the reverse direction in order torele'ase,

the jaws and permit the tool-bit-to be interchanged with other bits. cavity in the revoluble head exceeds the endwise adjustment of thespindle necessary to release the conical split head from compression by the internal seat of the handle, and;

thus the head remains in engagement with the spindle when the parts are loosened up,

in order to release the jaws and permitof the removal of the bit.

By means of the construction above de-" scribed several picks or bits may be carried in the-handleyand a pick may be readily and firmly secured to the vhandle and as readily. and quickly removed therefrom in caseof breakage or whenever it is desired for any The head His revolubly The length of the z tages of the herein-described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be under stood that variouschanges in the size, shape, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit'orsacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.

1 am aware that prior to my invention an ice-pick has been provided with a pointed extremity for splitting the ice and with a curved surface at its other end for crushing the ice, and I make no claim, broadly, to said features; The improveme'ntswhich I have made relate to the handle, which is made in three pieces and is adapted for the reception of interchangeable bits, the working ends of which may vary in form, so as to adapt the handle to'use'on bits adapted merely to split theice or toshave the same, whereby a series'ofbits may be used in conjunction with a single handle. Thehandle of my invention'consists solelyof three parts-namely, the cylindrical body, the 'ni'etall-ic head, 'and'the shank, which has "threaded connection with the head, ex-

tendslongitudinally through the body, and-is divided orsplit at its conical end to form a series of jaws adapted for compression in a flared socket at one end of the'body. The metallic head is of peculiar construction in that itprovides a striking poll -for splitting the ice, a flange 'or sleeve adapted to rot-ate on the open end of the cylindrical body, a socket for the reception of the threaded extremity of the stem, and a knurled grip located'betwee n the striking polland thesleeve and formed by a series of roughened flanges or collars. Thisknurled portion of the'he'ad may be firmly gripped in the hand without slipping, which is advantageous, becausein handling the ice the handset the operator become wet. The metallic head thus s'erves'a number ofpurposes which-are peculiar to an i'ce pick handle of my invention Furthermore, the operation of rotating the head in one direction 'drawsonthe stem'in a mannerto compress the jaws within the flared socket and firmlygrip the :bit,"and this same operation seats the metallic head firmly uponthe end of the body by reason of the threaded engagement between thestem and the head, whereby all the parts are coupled securely and tightly together, so that they cannot work l'oosein'the'operation of using the implement.

Havingthu-s described theinvention', what is-claimed,: and desired to be secured by Letters Patent, is-

In an ice-pick,- a three piece handle'adapted fori'ntercha'n-geable pick-points comprisinga single -:piece metallic head having an unbroken curved striking-poll, 11, an annular integral sleeve, 14, extending fromthe other end thereof, a-seated cavity or socket in the solid :portion of 'said head and opening through-the "innerflat face thereof, and the eXternalknurledgrip, 12, formed by aseries of flanges located between the curved striking-poll and the extended sleeve; a hollow cylindrical body having an open end which fits snugly Within the sleeve of the head and bears against the flat face thereof and provided at its other end with a flared socket, 4, and a shank, 5, extending longitudinally through the handle and having a threaded end, 10, screwed into the socket of the head, the other end of this shank being provided with the longitudinal incisions, 7, forming a series of jaws and said divided end of the shank being flared to fit the socket in the end of the handle, whereby the head may be ro-' tated on the body to draw the stem endwise within the socket, and the jaws may be compressed and the head seated firmly upon the end of the body, as set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.

HARRISON A. DIGGS.

Witnesses:

ALLEN K. JOHNSON, JOHN W. STEEL.

US72910399A 1899-08-31 1899-08-31 Ice-pick. Expired - Lifetime US660052A (en)

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US72910399A US660052A (en) 1899-08-31 1899-08-31 Ice-pick.

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US660052A true US660052A (en) 1900-10-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2707830A (en) * 1950-12-26 1955-05-10 Meredith A Mccoll Holders for safety razor blades
US5657519A (en) * 1995-11-28 1997-08-19 Smith; Susan A. Safety pin with detachable cap

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2707830A (en) * 1950-12-26 1955-05-10 Meredith A Mccoll Holders for safety razor blades
US5657519A (en) * 1995-11-28 1997-08-19 Smith; Susan A. Safety pin with detachable cap

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