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Retractor.

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Publication number
US659182A
US659182A US1900017443A US659182A US 659182 A US659182 A US 659182A US 1900017443 A US1900017443 A US 1900017443A US 659182 A US659182 A US 659182A
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Prior art keywords
handle
end
instrument
blade
surgical
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Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Charles J Pilling
Original Assignee
George P Pilling
Charles J Pilling
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/02Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for holding wounds open; Tractors

Description

No. 659182. Patented Oct. 2, I900. C. J. FILLING.

RETRACTUR.

(Application filed. my 21, 1900.)

(No Model.)

WITNESSES INVENTOH mama A7T0BNEY UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.

CHARLES J. PILLIN G, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO HIMSELF AND GEORGE P. PILLING, OF SAME PLACE.

RET RACTO R.

SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 659,182, dated October 2, 1900.

Application filed May 21. 1900. Serial No. 17,443. tNo model.)

T0 at whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, CHARLES J. PILLING, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin Depressors or Retractors, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.

My invention relates to surgical instruments of the class of vaginal and abdominal depressors or retractors, as they are sometimes called, the instrurnent being employed to hold back or retracted the abdominal or other organs when the device is inserted in an incision or opening in the body to permit a surgical operation on or near the part held or retracted with greater facility.

Myimprovement consists of the novel features in such instruments, as hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is an elevation in perspective showing the instrument held in the hand of the operator, this figure being designed particularly to show one of the novel features of the device. Fig. 2 is an end elevation, and Fig. 3 a vertical section taken longitudinally on the line 1 2 of Fig. 2.

As is obvious from the drawings, the blade A and handle B are integral. The instrument may be stamped up in dies,first forming therein in proper width outline, first, the concave surface cm the blade A, the unbroken eontinuity of the same over the junction therewith at d of the handle B and the like continuation of this concavity along the handle extending to its extreme end, and, finally, the curvature of said end at m. This provides adrainage-gutter h, extending from end to end of the instrument, the curved end an projecting outwardly away from the hand of the operator, and hence carrying 01f the blood or other overflow in that direction. This groove-like construction also lends decidedlygreater strength to the instrument, preventing bending or distortion frequently common and enabling me to make a thinner and lighterweight instrument without doing so at expense of strength and durability.

It will be observed that slightly above and midway of the handle the latter is widened atf to form,with the drainage concavity or groove, a cup-shaped depression, the object being to provide thereby a thumb-rest, as seen in Fig. l, the thumb resting in this depression f and the little finger of the hand of the operator resting on the curved end m of the handle, as also seen in said figure. After the instrument has been inserted in the incision or opening (at which time a firm grasp of the handle is exceedingly desirable) the thumb can be removed from the depression f to the edge or rim thereof to avoid obstructing the drainage groove or gutter. 1

The advantages of my improvements are obvious from the description.

I claim as new and of my invention 1. In surgical instruments of the class de scribed, an integral structure consisting of the blade A with the handle B substantially at right angles thereto, the latter having an outwardly projecting curved end m, said members being formed with a continuouslyconcave outer face extending in unbroken continuity from end to end of the instrument, and forming a drainagegutter h; substantially as described.

2. In surgical instruments of the class described, an integral blade and handle, having a continuously-concave face, and at or near the longitudinal center of the handle a thumbrestfformed bya widening of the concavity of the handle; substantially as described.

3. In surgical instruments of the classdescribed, an integral blade and handle, having a continuously-concave face, the extreme end of the handle having an outwardly-curved end m, and at or near the longitudinal center of the handle a thumb-restf formed by a Widening of the concavity of the handle; substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature this 17th day of May, A. D. 1900.

CHARLES J. PILLING.

Witnesses:

ANDREW V. GRouPE, H. T. FENTON.

US659182A 1900-05-21 1900-05-21 Retractor. Expired - Lifetime US659182A (en)

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US659182A US659182A (en) 1900-05-21 1900-05-21 Retractor.

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US659182A US659182A (en) 1900-05-21 1900-05-21 Retractor.

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2829649A (en) * 1956-01-17 1958-04-08 Robert J Glenner Hemostat-retractor
US3651800A (en) * 1970-05-15 1972-03-28 James L Wilbanks Surgical instrument
US3729006A (en) * 1971-05-27 1973-04-24 M Kanbar Disposable surgical retractors
US3863627A (en) * 1971-11-05 1975-02-04 Pierre Bouffard Mouth exploring device
US4337763A (en) * 1980-04-21 1982-07-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And Welfare Illuminated surgical instrument
US4686972A (en) * 1986-04-30 1987-08-18 Kurland Kenneth Z Surgical deflector and drilling guide
US5351680A (en) * 1991-10-28 1994-10-04 Jung Hong I Surgical retractor
WO1998055029A1 (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-12-10 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Vascular retractor
US6196968B1 (en) 1997-06-02 2001-03-06 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Direct vision subcutaneous tissue retractor and method for use
US20060242797A1 (en) * 2005-05-02 2006-11-02 Czuwala Peter J Hand tools with ergonomic hand grip
ES2307461A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2008-11-16 Fundacion Andaluza Beturia Para La Investigacion En Salud Surgical retraction device for deep dissection of the pelvis.
USD669171S1 (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-10-16 Board Of Regents Of The University Of Nebraska Tongue retractor
US20130330682A1 (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-12-12 Robert E. McCarthy Multi-use removal apparatus
US9351808B2 (en) 2011-09-27 2016-05-31 Sharon M. E. McCarthy Apparatus for removing dental appliance and dental system
US9687316B1 (en) * 2016-06-10 2017-06-27 Sami Maassarani Dental covering removal tool

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2829649A (en) * 1956-01-17 1958-04-08 Robert J Glenner Hemostat-retractor
US3651800A (en) * 1970-05-15 1972-03-28 James L Wilbanks Surgical instrument
US3729006A (en) * 1971-05-27 1973-04-24 M Kanbar Disposable surgical retractors
US3863627A (en) * 1971-11-05 1975-02-04 Pierre Bouffard Mouth exploring device
US4337763A (en) * 1980-04-21 1982-07-06 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health, Education And Welfare Illuminated surgical instrument
US4686972A (en) * 1986-04-30 1987-08-18 Kurland Kenneth Z Surgical deflector and drilling guide
US5351680A (en) * 1991-10-28 1994-10-04 Jung Hong I Surgical retractor
WO1998055029A1 (en) * 1997-06-02 1998-12-10 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Vascular retractor
US6033361A (en) * 1997-06-02 2000-03-07 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Vascular retractor
US6196968B1 (en) 1997-06-02 2001-03-06 General Surgical Innovations, Inc. Direct vision subcutaneous tissue retractor and method for use
US20060242797A1 (en) * 2005-05-02 2006-11-02 Czuwala Peter J Hand tools with ergonomic hand grip
US7284301B2 (en) 2005-05-02 2007-10-23 Orthopaedic Research Institute, Inc. Hand tools with ergonomic hand grip
ES2307461A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2008-11-16 Fundacion Andaluza Beturia Para La Investigacion En Salud Surgical retraction device for deep dissection of the pelvis.
USD669171S1 (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-10-16 Board Of Regents Of The University Of Nebraska Tongue retractor
US20130330682A1 (en) * 2011-09-27 2013-12-12 Robert E. McCarthy Multi-use removal apparatus
US9084650B2 (en) * 2011-09-27 2015-07-21 Sharon M. E. McCarthy Multi-use removal apparatus
US9351808B2 (en) 2011-09-27 2016-05-31 Sharon M. E. McCarthy Apparatus for removing dental appliance and dental system
US9687316B1 (en) * 2016-06-10 2017-06-27 Sami Maassarani Dental covering removal tool

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