Connect public, paid and private patent data with Google Patents Public Datasets

Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US6440090B1
US6440090B1 US09652741 US65274100A US6440090B1 US 6440090 B1 US6440090 B1 US 6440090B1 US 09652741 US09652741 US 09652741 US 65274100 A US65274100 A US 65274100A US 6440090 B1 US6440090 B1 US 6440090B1
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
patient
activity
therapy
level
profile
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active, expires
Application number
US09652741
Inventor
Rick Schallhorn
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Medtronic Inc
Original Assignee
Medtronic Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/18Applying electric currents by contact electrodes
    • A61N1/32Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents
    • A61N1/36Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents for stimulation
    • A61N1/3605Implantable neurostimulators for stimulating central or peripheral nerve system
    • A61N1/3606Implantable neurostimulators for stimulating central or peripheral nerve system adapted for a particular treatment
    • A61N1/36071Pain

Abstract

A patient activity level recorder and a patient therapy adjustment recorder are provided to obtain an historical representation of patient activity levels and therapy changes in the form of profiles which are stored for later retrieval. The patient activity level profile and the therapy adjustment profile may be used to objectively interpreting subjective patient information. The activity level recorder may include an accelerometer, the output of which is processed by a signal processor, programmed to interpret the sensor raw signal as one of a plurality of predetermined activity levels. In a preferred embodiment, data for rest, moderate and vigorous activity levels for each day in a recording period are stored for later retrieval and use by a physician, or possible by the patient where therapy is self-administered. The therapy adjustment recorder may include a processor for interpreting signals from a patient control interface to a pulse generator of a spinal chord stimulation system.

Description

This is a continuation of application Ser. No. 09/070,348, filed Apr. 30, 1998, U.S. Pat. No. 6,120,467, for which priority is claimed. This parent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to systems for obtaining objective patient data, for example, by monitoring patient physiologic and metabolic activity and adjustments to patient therapy. More particularly, the invention relates to a system and method for obtaining objective information about patient activity levels, activity patterns and patient-activated changes in Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) therapy and using such objective information to interpret subjective patient responses to physician inquiry.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

SCS therapy is a relatively recent development in which electrical stimulation is applied to the central nervous system in the spinal cord area for the relief of pain of the trunk and/or limbs. Presently, there exist no known techniques for objectively determining the efficacy of an SCS system. Typically, efficacy determinations for SCS systems rely on empirical methods which are based on information conveyed from the patient to clinicians. For example, to assess efficacy a physician will interview a patient and ask simple questions relative, for example, to the level of pain that the patient is or has been experiencing after SCS has been implemented.

Currently, the practice of adjusting or optimizing post-implantation parameters in SCS systems relies exclusively on patient-reported feedback. Patient reporting is subject to the patient's own perception of symptoms. This prevents objective determinations of symptomatic conditions and leaves diagnostic procedures prone to inappropriate assumptions about the existing or potential efficacy of SCS in a given patient. To illustrate the problem, one can imagine a patient being treated with SCS who experiences significant pain reduction. As a result of the reduction in pain, the patient becomes more active, and takes part in day-to-day activities that were not undertaken before SCS treatment. That increase in activity actually causes the patient to experience more pain which may not necessarily be due to the condition treated with SCS, but instead may be the result of the heightened activity level. When asked whether pain has decreased, the patient may very well respond that it has not, even though the SCS may actually be mitigating the pain level. Thus, present efficacy evaluation techniques do not allow for a objective qualification of patient reported data.

It would therefore be desirable to provide a system which enables objective interpretation of subjective information regarding the efficacy of an SCS system. In particular, it would be desirable to provide a system which permits storage and retrieval of an historical representation of objective patient data, including patient activity levels and therapy adjustments to provide a physician with an objective reference to subjective patient information.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention achieves the aforementioned objectives by providing, according to a preferred embodiment, a system for monitoring and obtaining an historical representation or profile of the activity level and/or therapy adjustments of a patient. An activity level recorder, which is preferably incorporated into the structure of an SCS implantable generator, senses, according to output from an accelerometer and possibly other sensors, the amount of activity a patient is experiencing. The activity recorder is provided with a processor which is programmed to translate and categorize sensor output data into a number of predetermined activity categories. A patient activity level profile includes data about the activity undertaken by the patient in each of the different activity categories and is stored for later retrieval. A physician may then retrieve and review the activity level profile use it to objectively interpret subjective information obtained by interviewing the patient.

According to a preferred embodiment, activity levels for rest, moderate and vigorous activity are stored in daily profiles, which provide values for the amount of time that a patient has experienced each respective activity level. A physician viewing the daily profiles may determine whether a particular day included a significant amount of vigorous activity, for example, or whether a particular day was generally sedentary. Thus, an advantage provided by the present invention is that information obtained by interview regarding pain experience for a particular day may be objectively interpreted with regard to the activity level for that day or preceding days.

According to another feature of the invention, a therapy adjustment recorder is provided for storing one or more profiles representing the type and time of various patient therapy adjustments. Such adjustments may include adjustments to the pulse width, frequency and amplitude of an SCS signal. The patient therapy adjustment profiles may be stored in the therapy adjustment recorder for later retrieval by a physician. Therapy adjustment profiles provide another objective standard by which physicians may evaluate subjective patient data.

Other objects, advantages novel features, and the further scope of applicability of the present invention will be set forth in the detailed description to follow, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and in part will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings which are incorporated into and form a part of the specification, illustrate several embodiments of the present invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. The drawings are only for the purpose of illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. In the drawings, in which like numbers refer to like parts throughout:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a device for obtaining a historical representation of patient activity levels according to a preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a flow diagram illustrating the steps of a process for generating patient activity level profiles according to a preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIGS. 3A and 3B are illustrations of activity level profiles according to a preferred embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic illustration of a therapy adjustment recorder for obtaining a therapy adjustment profile according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 5 is a flow diagram illustrating the steps of a process for adjusting patient therapy according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIG. 1 depicts in block diagram form an activity level recorder 10 for obtaining an historical representation of patient activity levels according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. In the presently preferred embodiment of the invention, a sensor 12 is provided for generating a signal corresponding to activity undertaken by the patient. Sensor 12 may utilize a piezoelectric accelerometer for measuring changes in movement of the patient, patient's limbs or both. Preferably, sensor 12 is installed as an accelerometer mounted on the electronic circuit board inside of an implantable SCS generator.

Sensor 12 provides a raw electrical signal to a signal processor 18, which may include an analog-to-digital (A/D) converter 14 for converting the analog raw signal from sensor 12 into digital form, a filter 16, which may be a bandpass filter, for screening background noise from the sensor output signal, and a central processing unit (CPU) 17 for executing a sequence of processing instructions stored in RAM 22 and/or ROM 24 in a manner described below. It will be recognized that A/D converter 14 and filter 16 may be interchanged to obtain desired signal processing characteristics. CPU 17 is provided with an internal clock and calendar maintaining temporal orientation with respect to the processing of the sensor output signal. A power supply 26 is provided, preferably in the form of a battery, for supplying electrical energy to CPU and other system components which require it.

Those of ordinary skill will recognize that the invention contemplates alternative devices for sensing patient activity. For example, sensors which give a reading of certain metabolic activity could be substituted for or used in conjunction with the accelerometer. Conventional devices for sensing heart rate, respiration and body temperature, for example, could be employed to replace or augment the data output of sensor 12.

FIG. 2 illustrates a flow diagram depicting the process steps accomplished by signal processor 18. It will be recognized by those of ordinary skill in the art that FIG. 2 represents an iterative process which may be executed many times per second or may be executed, for example, once every 10 seconds. At state 30, the current value of the sensor output signal is obtained by the signal processor 18. At state 32, a long-term average value for patient activity level, LTACTLEV is obtained. The value for LTACTLEV is computed by time-averaging the sensor output signal level over a time period corresponding preferably from one to four hours. As will be recognized, the process depicted in FIG. 2 would have to be initially executed for such a duration in order to determine the value of LTACTLEV. For each iteration, a running value of LTACTLEV may be determined by adding the value corresponding to the sensor output signal to a running sum of previous values over the four-hour interval and dividing that sum by the total number of processor clocking intervals corresponding to four hours.

At state 34, a short-term value for patient activity level STACTLEV is determined. STACTLEV is computed by time-averaging the sensor output signal level over a time period corresponding preferably to between 2 and 60 seconds. At state 37, a comparison is made to. determine the relative values of STACTLEV and LTACTLEV. If it is determined that STACTLEV is much greater than LTACTLEV, for example, if STACTLEV exceeds LTACTLEV by a factor of 3, the signal processor branches to step 38. At step 38, a vigorous activity register, which may be defined as a location in RAM 22, is incremented with a time value corresponding to the clocking cycle of the depicted process. For example, if the process is programmed to occur at one-second intervals, then the vigorous activity register would be incremented by a value of one.

If the condition defined in step 37 is not met, the process continues to step 40 to determine if the sensor output signal corresponds to moderate activity level. At step 40, a determination is made as to whether STACTLEV exceeds LTACTLEV by, for example a factor of 2. If so, the process branches to state 42 where a moderate activity register is incremented. If the condition defined in step 40 is not met, the process continues to step 44 where, logically, the sensor output level must correspond to a resting condition and a rest activity register is incremented.

As shown in FIG. 2, each of states 38, 42 and 44 branch to a decision block 46 where a determination is made as to whether a 24-hour daily period has expired. Such a determination may be implemented, for example, by a running counter the value of which is checked at state 46 to determine if it corresponds to a 24-hour period. If it is determined that the daily clock has not expired, the process returns to state 30 for another iteration. However, if it is determined at state 46 that the 24 hour clock as expired, then the process branches to state 48 where daily values are stored in appropriate locations in RAM 22. The daily values for the vigorous and moderate activity levels and the rest activity level will correspond to the values stored in the respective registers. Thus, state 48 may be implemented by simply reading the value of the activity registers and writing that value to an assigned memory location corresponding to a particular day.

The process proceeds to state 50 where the day counter is incremented to signify the start of a new 24-hour period. Appropriately, the three activity level registers described above are reset to zero values at state 52 and the process returns to state 30 to begin monitoring activity levels for the next day.

FIG. 3A illustrates a patient activity level profile that may be stored in RAM 22 and later retrieved in a manner to be described below. The data may be stored in the form of a matrix which is visualized in the form of a table 50 that contains corresponding activity levels for each day of monitoring. For example, DAY 1 is assigned corresponding values for rest, moderate and vigorous activity levels of 14, 8 and 2 hours. DAY 2 corresponds to respective values of 20.3, 3.7 and zero. Referring again to FIG. 1, a reporting interface 26 is provided to CPU 17 to enable retrieval of the patient activity level profile stored in RAM 22. Reporting interface 26 may be provided in the form of an input/output bus or serial port, the details of which are well known to those of ordinary skill in the art. It will be recognized by those of ordinary skill that the number of activity categories may be varied such that, for example, five activity categories instead of three are provided. Similarly, while daily reporting intervals are described with respect to FIG. 3A, the duration and number of reporting intervals may be varied.

FIG. 3B illustrates another form of an historical representation of patient activity level data that may be stored in RAM 22. Here, a curve is represented for a 60-day interval for one of the activity level categories, in this case, moderate activity, as a percentage of daily activity. Such an activity level profile provides a physician with a readily-apparent indication of activity trends.

FIG. 4 illustrates a block diagram of a therapy adjustment recorder according to a preferred embodiment of the invention. Several commercially available SCS systems have functions that allow the patient to alter the parameters characterizing the therapy delivered to the patient. For example, the ITREL3 system manufactured by Medtronic, Inc. of Minneapolis, Minn., permits patient altering of the pulse frequency, pulse amplitude and pulse width in an SCS system. Settings are altered via hand-held radio frequency which communicates via telemetry with an implanted SCS pulse generator. Such a system is schematically represented in FIG. 4 along with the therapy adjustment profile generator according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. SCS generator 62 is in electrical communication with an implanted lead (not shown) for delivering electrical stimulation to excitable tissue in the spinal dura. Through a radio frequency link 66, SCS generator 62 communicates with a patient control interface 64 for permitting a patient to adjust various parameters of the electrical stimulation applied to the excitable tissue. In accordance with the present invention, a therapy adjustment profile generator 80 comprises a data bus 82 which conveys data indicating the various parameters to a processor 68 which includes an internal clock 69 and timekeeping functions. Time and parameter data are periodically stored in storage 70 which is a memory device. Thus, particular parameter settings and changes therein may be correlated with particular times and days to form a therapy adjustment profile stored in storage 70. Processor 68 operates according to pre-programmed instructions to permit on-demand exporting of the therapy adjustment profile and retrieval by a physician. Once the information is stored in storage 70, the patient control interface 64 can send that information via RF to a physician control interface 90. This instrument can then display or print the information in several different formats. Reporting interface 72 provides an interface to processor 68 for enabling retrieval of a stored patient activity level profile.

FIG. 5 illustrates the process steps according to a preferred embodiment of the invention by which a physician may adjust patient therapy based on the objective data provided by the patient activity level recorder and the patient therapy adjustment recorder described above. In this example, it will be assumed for simplicity that only two therapy settings where undertaken by the patient, settings “A” and “B”. At. steps 100 and 101, respectively, the physician retrieves the therapy adjustment profile and activity level profile through respective reporting interfaces. At step 102, the patient is interviewed to determine whether setting “A” offered more beneficial therapy. In the event that the patient characterizes setting “A” as better, the method proceeds to state 104 where the activity level profile is reviewed to determine if ACTLEVEL(A)—the general activity level corresponding to therapy setting “A”—was much less than ACTLEVEL(B)—the general activity level corresponding to therapy setting “B”. If not, the physician selects therapy setting “A” as represented at state 106. If, on the other hand, ACTLEVEL(A) is much less than that ACTLEVEL(B), the method proceeds to state 108. This step would indicate that the patient undertook generally much less activity under setting “A”. Thus, at state 108, the physician considers whether therapy setting “B” is more beneficial to the patient, despite the patient's indicated preference for therapy setting “A”. Further inquiry may be undertaken to reconcile the increased activity level corresponding to setting “B”. Thus, the patient activity level data and patient therapy adjustment level data are utilized to objectively qualify the patient's subjective preference for setting “A”.

Still referring to FIG. 5, in the event that the patient, at state 102, does not indicate that therapy setting “A” is preferred, the method continues to state 110 where further inquiry is made as to the patient's preference for therapy setting “B”. If such a preference is indicated, the method branches to state 112 where the activity level profile is analyzed to determine whether ACTLEVEL(A) greatly exceeds ACTLEVEL(B). If that condition is met, the physician proceeds to step 116 where consideration of therapy setting “A” is made and further inquiry is conducted to reconcile the increased activity level corresponding to activity level “A”. If the condition at state 112 is not met, the physician selects therapy setting “B” at state 114.

As denoted by state 118, if neither condition at state 102 or state 110 is met, the method requires analysis of the activity level profile to determine whether ACTLEVEL(A) is greater than ACTLEVEL(B). Such a condition would indicate that the patient undertook more activity under therapy setting “A” than under therapy setting “B”. In that case, therapy “A” is selected at state 120. If the condition at state 118 is not met, the activity level profile is analyzed to determine whether ACTLEVEL(B) is greater than ACTLEVEL(A) at state 122. If that condition is met, therapy setting “B” is selected at state 124. If no difference between the activity levels corresponding to respective therapy settings “A” and “B” is noticeable, then either therapy setting may be selected as denoted at state 126.

Those skilled in the art will recognize that the preferred embodiments may be altered or amended without departing from the true spirit and scope of the invention, as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (15)

What is claimed is:
1. A spinal cord stimulation system capable of obtaining objective patient data comprising:
a recorder for recording an historical representation of patient activity levels, the recorder including:
a sensor for generating signals corresponding to respective levels of patient activity;
a signal processor for generating a patient activity level profile from the signals, the patient activity level profile including a historical representation of activity levels in a plurality of predetermined categories of activity and the relative amounts of time that a patient has engaged in each of the categories of activity;
a storage for storing the patient activity level profile; and
a reporting interface for permitting a physician to retrieve the patient activity level profile;
whereby the retrieved patient activity level profile may be used by a physician to objectively interpret subjective patient information and determine whether the spinal cord stimulation is adequate or needs to be adjusted.
2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the signal processor is adapted to categorize one of the levels of patient activity by comparing a long-term average activity level and a short-term average activity level.
3. The system according to claim 1, wherein the predetermined categories include rest, moderate and vigorous activity levels.
4. The system according to claim 1, wherein the recorder further comprises a filter for filtering the signals.
5. The system according to claim 1, wherein the recorder further comprises a patient therapy adjustment recorder for recording a patient therapy adjustment profile representing historical adjustments of patient therapy.
6. The system according to claim 1, further comprising a patient control interface for permitting patient control of therapy.
7. A method of obtaining objective patient data in a spinal cord stimulation system comprising the steps of:
providing a recorder for recording an historical representation of patient activity levels;
recording a historical representation of patient activity levels as a patient activity level profile, including a plurality of predetermined categories of activity and the relative amounts of time that a patient has engaged in each of the categories of activity;
retrieving the historical representation; and
utilizing the historical representation to objectively interpret subjective patient information and determine whether the spinal cord stimulation is adequate or needs to be adjusted.
8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the step of providing a recorder comprises the steps of:
providing a sensor for generating signals representing respective levels of patient activity;
providing a signal processor for generating the patient activity level profile from the signals;
providing a storage for storing the patient activity level profile; and
providing a reporting interface enabling retrieval of the stored patient activity level profile from the storage.
9. The method according to claim 7, wherein the predetermined categories of activity comprise categories of rest, moderate and vigorous activity.
10. The method according to claim 7, wherein the step of recording an historical representation of patient activity levels further comprises the step of categorizing patient activity in one of the predetermined categories by comparing a long-term average activity level and a short-term average activity level.
11. The method according to claim 7, further comprising the step of providing a patient therapy adjustment recorder for recording a patient therapy adjustment profile representing historical adjustments of patient therapy.
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein the step of utilizing the historical representation further comprises the step of optimizing patient therapy based on the therapy adjustment profile.
13. The method according to claim 11, wherein the step of utilizing the historical representation further comprises the step of interviewing the patient to obtain the subjective information.
14. The method according to claim 11, wherein the step of utilizing the historical on comprises the step of choosing one of a plurality of therapy settings based on the presentation.
15. The method according to claim 11, wherein the step of providing a therapy adjustment recorder further comprises the step of providing a patient control interface for permitting patient control of therapy.
US09652741 1998-04-30 2000-08-31 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments Active 2018-05-22 US6440090B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09070348 US6120467A (en) 1998-04-30 1998-04-30 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments
US09652741 US6440090B1 (en) 1998-04-30 2000-08-31 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09652741 US6440090B1 (en) 1998-04-30 2000-08-31 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US6440090B1 true US6440090B1 (en) 2002-08-27

Family

ID=22094760

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09070348 Active US6120467A (en) 1998-04-30 1998-04-30 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments
US09652741 Active 2018-05-22 US6440090B1 (en) 1998-04-30 2000-08-31 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US09070348 Active US6120467A (en) 1998-04-30 1998-04-30 Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (2) US6120467A (en)
DE (2) DE69933761T2 (en)
EP (1) EP1075305B1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999056820A1 (en)

Cited By (104)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6659968B1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2003-12-09 Advanced Bionics Corporation Activity monitor for pain management efficacy measurement
US20040199216A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Neurostimulation therapy optimization based on a rated session log
US20040199215A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US20040199217A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Management of neurostimulation therapy using parameter sets
US20040210261A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-10-21 King Gary W. Neurostimulation to treat effects of sleep apnea
US20040215288A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Lee Michael T. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
WO2005035050A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-04-21 Medtronic, Inc. Automatic therapy adjustments
US20050209513A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20050209645A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US20050209512A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Detecting sleep
US20050209511A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US20050209643A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US20050209644A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US20050216064A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Heruth Kenneth T Sensitivity analysis for selecting therapy parameter sets
US20050245988A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-11-03 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US20060020292A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US20060022938A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2006-02-02 Allen Paul G Time-lapsing mirror
US20060028452A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Allen Paul G Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US20060052828A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods for stimulating a nerve root ganglion
US20060055809A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-16 Jung Edward K Multi-angle mirror
US20060072798A1 (en) * 2004-09-27 2006-04-06 Allen Paul G Medical overlay mirror
US20060088227A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2006-04-27 Allen Paul G Time-lapsing data methods and systems
US20060235472A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-10-19 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US20070015976A1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2007-01-18 Medtronic, Inc. Correlating a non-polysomnographic physiological parameter set with sleep states
US20070123758A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2007-05-31 Medtronic, Inc. Determination of sleep quality for neurological disorders
US20070129774A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070129769A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Wearable ambulatory data recorder
US20070150029A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-28 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070150026A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-28 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070213789A1 (en) * 2006-03-09 2007-09-13 Medtronic, Inc. Global parameter adjustment for multiple stimulation programs
US20070245318A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Medtronic, Inc. Rule-based stimulation program search
US20070244519A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Medtronic, Inc. Autogeneration of neurostimulation therapy program groups
US20070250134A1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-10-25 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting gait information for evaluation and control of therapy
US20070255176A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-01 Medtronic, Inc. Voiding detection with learning mode
US20070276439A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2007-11-29 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080001851A1 (en) * 2006-06-28 2008-01-03 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US20080071326A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-03-20 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting sleep to evaluate therapy
US20080071150A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-03-20 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080088579A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-04-17 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Time-lapsing mirror
US20080130148A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-06-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Time-lapsing mirror
US20080129689A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2008-06-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The States Of Delaware Multi-angle mirror
US7386348B2 (en) 1999-09-29 2008-06-10 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interactive neurostimulation system and method
US20080136789A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-06-12 Allen Paul G Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7429966B2 (en) 2004-08-05 2008-09-30 Searete, Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7522061B2 (en) 2006-04-28 2009-04-21 Medtronic, Inc. External voiding sensor system
US20090102747A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2009-04-23 Jung Edward K Y Multi-angle mirror
US20090115889A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2009-05-07 Jung Edward K Y Multi-angle mirror
US7548786B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2009-06-16 Medtronic, Inc. Library for management of neurostimulation therapy programs
US7636072B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2009-12-22 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7657317B2 (en) 2005-04-26 2010-02-02 Boston Scientific Neuromodulation Corporation Evaluating stimulation therapies and patient satisfaction
US7679581B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-16 Searete Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7792583B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-09-07 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US7805196B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-09-28 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US7876289B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2011-01-25 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7881798B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2011-02-01 Medtronic Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US8135473B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2012-03-13 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US8150531B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-04-03 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with patient posture states
US8175720B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2012-05-08 Medtronic, Inc. Posture-responsive therapy control based on patient input
US8209028B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-06-26 Medtronic, Inc. Objectification of posture state-responsive therapy based on patient therapy adjustments
US8219206B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-07-10 Medtronic, Inc. Dwell time adjustments for posture state-responsive therapy
US8231555B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2012-07-31 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy system including multiple posture sensors
US20120203304A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2012-08-09 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8280517B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2012-10-02 Medtronic, Inc. Automatic validation techniques for validating operation of medical devices
US8317776B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2012-11-27 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US8332041B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-12-11 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interaction with posture-responsive therapy
US8380318B2 (en) 2009-03-24 2013-02-19 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Pain management with stimulation subthreshold to paresthesia
US8388555B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2013-03-05 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state classification for a medical device
US8401666B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-03-19 Medtronic, Inc. Modification profiles for posture-responsive therapy
US8409132B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2013-04-02 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Treatment indications informed by a priori implant information
US8437861B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-05-07 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state redefinition based on posture data and therapy adjustments
US8504150B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-08-06 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with posture states using a stability timer
US8509906B2 (en) 2009-01-29 2013-08-13 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for producing asynchronous neural responses to treat pain and/or other patient conditions
US8518092B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-08-27 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Hard tissue anchors and delivery devices
US8579834B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2013-11-12 Medtronic, Inc. Display of detected patient posture state
US8636670B2 (en) 2008-05-13 2014-01-28 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US8649874B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2014-02-11 Nevro Corporation Extended pain relief via high frequency spinal cord modulation, and associated systems and methods
US8676331B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2014-03-18 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including controllers for automated parameter selection
US8712535B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2014-04-29 Nevro Corporation Linked area parameter adjustment for spinal cord stimulation and associated systems and methods
US8708934B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-04-29 Medtronic, Inc. Reorientation of patient posture states for posture-responsive therapy
US8768472B2 (en) 2007-11-05 2014-07-01 Nevro Corporation Multi-frequency neural treatments and associated systems and methods
WO2014107213A2 (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-07-10 The Florida International University Board Of Trustees Neural interface activity simulator
US8798754B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2014-08-05 Venturi Group, Llc Neural blocking therapy
US8983624B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-03-17 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Delivery devices, systems and methods for stimulating nerve tissue on multiple spinal levels
US9044592B2 (en) 2007-01-29 2015-06-02 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Sutureless lead retention features
US9050471B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2015-06-09 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state display on medical device user interface
US9056197B2 (en) 2008-10-27 2015-06-16 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Selective stimulation systems and signal parameters for medical conditions
US9155373B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2015-10-13 Invention Science Fund I, Llc Medical overlay mirror
US9199083B2 (en) 2009-02-10 2015-12-01 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for delivering neural therapy correlated with patient status
US9205261B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2015-12-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Neurostimulation methods and systems
US9259569B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2016-02-16 Daniel M. Brounstein Methods, systems and devices for neuromodulating spinal anatomy
US9278215B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-03-08 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9295840B1 (en) 2013-01-22 2016-03-29 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for automatically programming patient therapy devices
US9314618B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2016-04-19 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Implantable flexible circuit leads and methods of use
US9327070B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2016-05-03 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device therapy based on posture and timing
US9327110B2 (en) 2009-10-27 2016-05-03 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Devices, systems and methods for the targeted treatment of movement disorders
US9357949B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2016-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. User interface that displays medical therapy and posture data
US9409020B2 (en) 2014-05-20 2016-08-09 Nevro Corporation Implanted pulse generators with reduced power consumption via signal strength/duration characteristics, and associated systems and methods
US9427570B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2016-08-30 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Expandable stimulation leads and methods of use
US9486633B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2016-11-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Selective stimulation to modulate the sympathetic nervous system
US9517344B1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-12-13 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for selecting low-power, effective signal delivery parameters for an implanted pulse generator
US9566441B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2017-02-14 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting posture sensor signal shift or drift in medical devices
US9731133B1 (en) 2013-01-22 2017-08-15 Nevro Corp. Systems and methods for systematically testing a plurality of therapy programs in patient therapy devices
US9737719B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2017-08-22 Medtronic, Inc. Adjustment of therapy based on acceleration
US9833614B1 (en) 2012-06-22 2017-12-05 Nevro Corp. Autonomic nervous system control via high frequency spinal cord modulation, and associated systems and methods

Families Citing this family (64)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6120467A (en) * 1998-04-30 2000-09-19 Medtronic Inc. Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments
US6381496B1 (en) 1999-10-01 2002-04-30 Advanced Bionics Corporation Parameter context switching for an implanted device
CA2397413C (en) 2000-02-03 2011-04-05 Baylor College Of Medicine Methods and devices for intraosseous nerve ablation
US7074168B1 (en) 2001-08-10 2006-07-11 Farnes Larry D System for human physical evaluation and accomplish improved physical performance
US8361067B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2013-01-29 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Methods of therapeutically heating a vertebral body to treat back pain
US6907884B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2005-06-21 Depay Acromed, Inc. Method of straddling an intraosseous nerve
US8808284B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2014-08-19 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Systems for navigating an instrument through bone
US20160278791A1 (en) 2008-09-26 2016-09-29 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Intraosseous nerve modulation methods
US8613744B2 (en) 2002-09-30 2013-12-24 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Systems and methods for navigating an instrument through bone
US7035690B2 (en) * 2002-11-15 2006-04-25 Medtronic, Inc. Human-implantable-neurostimulator user interface having multiple levels of abstraction
US7258690B2 (en) 2003-03-28 2007-08-21 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Windowed thermal ablation probe
EP1849412B1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2009-03-04 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
CN101060815B (en) 2004-06-07 2012-07-18 芯赛斯公司 Orthopaedic implant with sensors
US8831735B2 (en) * 2005-08-31 2014-09-09 Michael Sasha John Methods and systems for semi-automatic adjustment of medical monitoring and treatment
US7657319B2 (en) * 2006-02-24 2010-02-02 Medtronic, Inc. Programming interface with an unwrapped 2D view of a stimulation lead with complex electrode array geometry
US8452415B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2013-05-28 Medtronic, Inc. Electrical and activation field models for programming a stimulation lead with complex electrode array geometry
US7822483B2 (en) * 2006-02-24 2010-10-26 Medtronic, Inc. Electrical and activation field models for configuring stimulation therapy
US7826902B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2010-11-02 Medtronic, Inc. User interface with 2D views for configuring stimulation therapy
US8380321B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2013-02-19 Medtronic, Inc. Programming interface with a cross-sectional view of a stimulation lead with complex electrode array geometry
US7676273B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2010-03-09 Medtronic, Inc. Stimulation templates for programming a stimulation lead with complex electrode array geometry
US7848802B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2010-12-07 Medtronic, Inc. Programming interface with a concentric axial view of a stimulation lead with complex electrode array geometry
US8612024B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2013-12-17 Medtronic, Inc. User interface with 3D environment for configuring stimulation therapy
US8543217B2 (en) 2006-02-24 2013-09-24 Medtronic, Inc. Stimulation templates for configuring stimulation therapy
US9067076B2 (en) * 2006-03-09 2015-06-30 Medtronic, Inc. Management of multiple stimulation program groups
US7558629B2 (en) * 2006-04-28 2009-07-07 Medtronic, Inc. Energy balance therapy for obesity management
US20070255154A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-01 Medtronic, Inc. Activity level feedback for managing obesity
US9320448B2 (en) * 2008-04-18 2016-04-26 Pacesetter, Inc. Systems and methods for improved atrial fibrillation (AF) monitoring
JP5688022B2 (en) 2008-09-26 2015-03-25 リリーバント メドシステムズ、インコーポレイテッド Systems and methods for inducing instrument through the interior of the bone
US8635694B2 (en) * 2009-01-10 2014-01-21 Kaspersky Lab Zao Systems and methods for malware classification
US8239038B2 (en) 2010-10-14 2012-08-07 Wolf Ii Erich W Apparatus and method using near infrared reflectometry to reduce the effect of positional changes during spinal cord stimulation
US9656097B2 (en) 2010-10-14 2017-05-23 W. Wolf II Erich Apparatus and method using near infrared reflectometry to reduce the effect of positional changes during spinal cord stimulation
US9132273B2 (en) 2010-10-14 2015-09-15 W. Wolf II Erich Apparatus and method using near infrared reflectometry to reduce the effect of positional changes during spinal cord stimulation
US9550063B2 (en) 2010-10-14 2017-01-24 W. Wolf II Erich Apparatus and method using near infrared reflectometry to reduce the effect of positional changes during spinal cord stimulation
US9166321B2 (en) 2011-03-22 2015-10-20 Greatbatch Ltd. Thin profile stacked layer contact
US8996117B2 (en) 2011-04-07 2015-03-31 Greatbatch, Ltd. Arbitrary waveform generator and neural stimulation application with scalable waveform feature
US8874219B2 (en) 2011-04-07 2014-10-28 Greatbatch, Ltd. Arbitrary waveform generator and neural stimulation application
US9656076B2 (en) 2011-04-07 2017-05-23 Nuvectra Corporation Arbitrary waveform generator and neural stimulation application with scalable waveform feature and charge balancing
US8996115B2 (en) 2011-04-07 2015-03-31 Greatbatch, Ltd. Charge balancing for arbitrary waveform generator and neural stimulation application
US9782587B2 (en) 2012-10-01 2017-10-10 Nuvectra Corporation Digital control for pulse generators
US9775627B2 (en) 2012-11-05 2017-10-03 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Systems and methods for creating curved paths through bone and modulating nerves within the bone
US9406220B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-02 Hello Inc. Telemetry system with tracking receiver devices
US9430938B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-30 Hello Inc. Monitoring device with selectable wireless communication
US9357922B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-06-07 Hello Inc. User or patient monitoring systems with one or more analysis tools
US9398854B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-07-26 Hello Inc. System with a monitoring device that monitors individual activities, behaviors or habit information and communicates with a database with corresponding individual base information for comparison
US8803366B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2014-08-12 Hello Inc. Telemetry system with wireless power receiver and monitoring devices
US9432091B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-30 Hello Inc. Telemetry system with wireless power receiver and monitoring devices
US9424508B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-23 Hello Inc. Wearable device with magnets having first and second polarities
US9345403B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-05-24 Hello Inc. Wireless monitoring system with activity manager for monitoring user activity
US9330561B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-05-03 Hello Inc. Remote communication systems and methods for communicating with a building gateway control to control building systems and elements
US9427189B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-30 Hello Inc. Monitoring system and device with sensors that are responsive to skin pigmentation
US9737214B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2017-08-22 Hello Inc. Wireless monitoring of patient exercise and lifestyle
US9320434B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-04-26 Hello Inc. Patient monitoring systems and messages that send alerts to patients only when the patient is awake
US9345404B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-05-24 Hello Inc. Mobile device that monitors an individuals activities, behaviors, habits or health parameters
US9392939B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-07-19 Hello Inc. Methods using a monitoring device to monitor individual activities, behaviors or habit information and communicate with a database with corresponding individual base information for comparison
US9420856B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-08-23 Hello Inc. Wearable device with adjacent magnets magnetized in different directions
US9367793B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-06-14 Hello Inc. Wearable device with magnets distanced from exterior surfaces of the wearable device
US9159223B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2015-10-13 Hello, Inc. User monitoring device configured to be in communication with an emergency response system or team
US9526422B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-12-27 Hello Inc. System for monitoring individuals with a monitoring device, telemetry system, activity manager and a feedback system
US9848776B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2017-12-26 Hello Inc. Methods using activity manager for monitoring user activity
US9339188B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2016-05-17 James Proud Methods from monitoring health, wellness and fitness with feedback
US9532716B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2017-01-03 Hello Inc. Systems using lifestyle database analysis to provide feedback
US9298882B2 (en) * 2013-03-04 2016-03-29 Hello Inc. Methods using patient monitoring devices with unique patient IDs and a telemetry system
US9634921B2 (en) 2013-03-04 2017-04-25 Hello Inc. Wearable device coupled by magnets positioned in a frame in an interior of the wearable device with at least one electronic circuit
US9724151B2 (en) 2013-08-08 2017-08-08 Relievant Medsystems, Inc. Modulating nerves within bone using bone fasteners

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1992022245A1 (en) 1991-06-17 1992-12-23 Precision Control Design, Inc. Programmable patient monitoring system
EP0625383A1 (en) 1993-05-17 1994-11-23 DANIELI & C. OFFICINE MECCANICHE S.p.A. Line to produce strip and/or sheet
US5370672A (en) 1992-10-30 1994-12-06 The Johns Hopkins University Computer-controlled neurological stimulation system
US5555891A (en) 1994-05-20 1996-09-17 Hartford Hospital Vibrotactile stimulator system for detecting and interrupting apnea in infants
WO1996029007A1 (en) 1995-03-21 1996-09-26 David John Walker Activity recording device
US5562711A (en) 1994-11-30 1996-10-08 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for rate-responsive cardiac pacing
US5593431A (en) * 1995-03-30 1997-01-14 Medtronic, Inc. Medical service employing multiple DC accelerometers for patient activity and posture sensing and method
US5662689A (en) 1995-09-08 1997-09-02 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for alleviating cardioversion shock pain
US5702429A (en) * 1996-04-04 1997-12-30 Medtronic, Inc. Neural stimulation techniques with feedback
US5720770A (en) * 1995-10-06 1998-02-24 Pacesetter, Inc. Cardiac stimulation system with enhanced communication and control capability
US6120467A (en) * 1998-04-30 2000-09-19 Medtronic Inc. Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0624383A1 (en) * 1993-05-11 1994-11-17 ARIES S.r.l. A neural stimulator

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1992022245A1 (en) 1991-06-17 1992-12-23 Precision Control Design, Inc. Programmable patient monitoring system
US5370672A (en) 1992-10-30 1994-12-06 The Johns Hopkins University Computer-controlled neurological stimulation system
EP0625383A1 (en) 1993-05-17 1994-11-23 DANIELI & C. OFFICINE MECCANICHE S.p.A. Line to produce strip and/or sheet
US5555891A (en) 1994-05-20 1996-09-17 Hartford Hospital Vibrotactile stimulator system for detecting and interrupting apnea in infants
US5562711A (en) 1994-11-30 1996-10-08 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for rate-responsive cardiac pacing
WO1996029007A1 (en) 1995-03-21 1996-09-26 David John Walker Activity recording device
US5593431A (en) * 1995-03-30 1997-01-14 Medtronic, Inc. Medical service employing multiple DC accelerometers for patient activity and posture sensing and method
US5662689A (en) 1995-09-08 1997-09-02 Medtronic, Inc. Method and apparatus for alleviating cardioversion shock pain
US5720770A (en) * 1995-10-06 1998-02-24 Pacesetter, Inc. Cardiac stimulation system with enhanced communication and control capability
US5702429A (en) * 1996-04-04 1997-12-30 Medtronic, Inc. Neural stimulation techniques with feedback
US6120467A (en) * 1998-04-30 2000-09-19 Medtronic Inc. Spinal cord simulation systems with patient activity monitoring and therapy adjustments

Cited By (308)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080275529A1 (en) * 1999-09-29 2008-11-06 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interactive neurostimulation system and method
US7386348B2 (en) 1999-09-29 2008-06-10 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interactive neurostimulation system and method
US9314628B2 (en) 1999-09-29 2016-04-19 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interactive neurostimulation system and method
US6659968B1 (en) * 2000-06-01 2003-12-09 Advanced Bionics Corporation Activity monitor for pain management efficacy measurement
US20070156186A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2007-07-05 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US7894908B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2011-02-22 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy optimization based on a rated session log
US20040199217A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Management of neurostimulation therapy using parameter sets
WO2004093983A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-11-04 Medtronic, Inc. Collection of usage information of neurostimulation therapy programs
US8095220B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2012-01-10 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US8155749B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2012-04-10 Medtronic, Inc. Management of neurostimulation therapy using parameter sets
US8843203B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2014-09-23 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US20090112289A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2009-04-30 Medtronic, Inc. Management of neurostimulation therapy using parameter sets
US7505815B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2009-03-17 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US20040199215A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US20090276008A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2009-11-05 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation therapy usage diagnostics
US20040199216A1 (en) * 2003-04-02 2004-10-07 Lee Michael T. Neurostimulation therapy optimization based on a rated session log
US7489970B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2009-02-10 Medtronic, Inc. Management of neurostimulation therapy using parameter sets
US7548786B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2009-06-16 Medtronic, Inc. Library for management of neurostimulation therapy programs
WO2004093982A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-11-04 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation for treatment of sleep apnea
US20040210261A1 (en) * 2003-04-21 2004-10-21 King Gary W. Neurostimulation to treat effects of sleep apnea
US7155278B2 (en) 2003-04-21 2006-12-26 Medtronic, Inc. Neurostimulation to treat effects of sleep apnea
US9186517B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2015-11-17 Medtronic, Inc. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
US8068915B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2011-11-29 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of therapy programs and program groups
US7826901B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2010-11-02 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of therapy programs and program groups
US20040267330A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-12-30 Lee Michael T. Generation of theraphy programs and program groups
US7463928B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2008-12-09 Medtronic, Inc. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
US8649872B2 (en) 2003-04-25 2014-02-11 Medtronic, Inc. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
US20040215288A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2004-10-28 Lee Michael T. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
US20060195145A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2006-08-31 Medtronic, Inc. Identifying combinations of electrodes for neurostimulation therapy
US20070123953A1 (en) * 2003-04-25 2007-05-31 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of therapy programs and program groups
US8396565B2 (en) 2003-09-15 2013-03-12 Medtronic, Inc. Automatic therapy adjustments
WO2005035050A1 (en) * 2003-09-15 2005-04-21 Medtronic, Inc. Automatic therapy adjustments
US20050209645A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US7542803B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2009-06-02 Medtronic, Inc. Sensitivity analysis for selecting therapy parameter sets
US8190253B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2012-05-29 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate incontinence therapy
US8725244B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2014-05-13 Medtronic, Inc. Determination of sleep quality for neurological disorders
US9623248B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2017-04-18 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080177355A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-07-24 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US8447401B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2013-05-21 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US8308661B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2012-11-13 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US8332038B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2012-12-11 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting sleep to evaluate therapy
US8396554B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2013-03-12 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US8335568B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2012-12-18 Medtronic, Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US7167743B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2007-01-23 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US8337431B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2012-12-25 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US20070123758A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2007-05-31 Medtronic, Inc. Determination of sleep quality for neurological disorders
US8758242B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2014-06-24 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US7491181B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2009-02-17 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US8055348B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2011-11-08 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting sleep to evaluate therapy
US8032224B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2011-10-04 Medtronic, Inc. Sensitivity analysis for selecting therapy parameter sets
US7908013B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2011-03-15 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US20090118599A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2009-05-07 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US20050222643A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-10-06 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US7881798B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2011-02-01 Medtronic Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US20050222522A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-10-06 Heruth Kenneth T Detecting sleep
US20100305665A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2010-12-02 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US20050215947A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Heruth Kenneth T Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US7805196B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-09-28 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US8792982B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2014-07-29 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US20050216064A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-29 Heruth Kenneth T Sensitivity analysis for selecting therapy parameter sets
US20070276439A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2007-11-29 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20050234514A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-10-20 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US7792583B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-09-07 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US7330760B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2008-02-12 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US7775993B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-08-17 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting sleep
US20050209644A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US7717848B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2010-05-18 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080071150A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-03-20 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080071324A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-03-20 Medtronic, Inc. Sensitivity analysis for selecting therapy parameter sets
US20090306740A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2009-12-10 Medtronic, Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US7366572B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2008-04-29 Medtronic, Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US20050209643A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US7590455B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2009-09-15 Medtronic, Inc. Controlling therapy based on sleep quality
US20050209511A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting activity and sleep quality information via a medical device
US7590453B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2009-09-15 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate incontinence therapy
US7395113B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2008-07-01 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting activity information to evaluate therapy
US20050209512A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Detecting sleep
US20050209513A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2005-09-22 Heruth Kenneth T Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US20080071326A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2008-03-20 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting sleep to evaluate therapy
US7447545B2 (en) 2004-03-16 2008-11-04 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture information to evaluate therapy
US20100174155A1 (en) * 2004-03-16 2010-07-08 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting sleep quality information via a medical device
US7313440B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2007-12-25 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US8135473B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2012-03-13 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US8688221B2 (en) 2004-04-14 2014-04-01 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US20050245988A1 (en) * 2004-04-14 2005-11-03 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting posture and activity information to evaluate therapy
US8694115B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2014-04-08 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US20060020292A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US20060235472A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-10-19 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US7819909B2 (en) 2004-07-20 2010-10-26 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy programming guidance based on stored programming history
US7876289B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2011-01-25 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Medical overlay mirror
US20060022938A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2006-02-02 Allen Paul G Time-lapsing mirror
US9155373B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2015-10-13 Invention Science Fund I, Llc Medical overlay mirror
US20090115889A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2009-05-07 Jung Edward K Y Multi-angle mirror
US20090016585A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2009-01-15 Searete Llc Time-lapsing data methods and systems
US7636072B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2009-12-22 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7283106B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2007-10-16 Searete, Llc Time-lapsing mirror
US20060088227A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2006-04-27 Allen Paul G Time-lapsing data methods and systems
US20080136789A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-06-12 Allen Paul G Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US20090102747A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2009-04-23 Jung Edward K Y Multi-angle mirror
US20080130148A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-06-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Time-lapsing mirror
US20080088579A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2008-04-17 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The State Of Delaware Time-lapsing mirror
US20070013612A1 (en) * 2004-08-02 2007-01-18 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7952537B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2011-05-31 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7657125B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-02-02 Searete Llc Time-lapsing data methods and systems
US7663571B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-02-16 Searete Llc Time-lapsing mirror
US7671823B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-02 Searete Llc Multi-angle mirror
US7679581B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-16 Searete Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7259732B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2007-08-21 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7683858B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-23 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7688283B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-30 Searete Llc Multi-angle mirror
US7692606B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-04-06 Searete Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7679580B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2010-03-16 Searete Llc Time-lapsing mirror
US8831300B2 (en) 2004-08-02 2014-09-09 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Time-lapsing data methods and systems
US7429966B2 (en) 2004-08-05 2008-09-30 Searete, Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US20060028452A1 (en) * 2004-08-05 2006-02-09 Allen Paul G Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7133003B2 (en) 2004-08-05 2006-11-07 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US7337005B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2008-02-26 Spinal Modulations, Inc. Methods for stimulating a nerve root ganglion
US7337006B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2008-02-26 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Methods and systems for modulating neural tissue
US9486633B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2016-11-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Selective stimulation to modulate the sympathetic nervous system
US9205261B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2015-12-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Neurostimulation methods and systems
US9205260B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2015-12-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Methods for stimulating a dorsal root ganglion
US8082039B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2011-12-20 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Stimulation systems
US9205259B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2015-12-08 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Neurostimulation system
US7502651B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2009-03-10 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Methods for stimulating a dorsal root ganglion
US20060052828A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods for stimulating a nerve root ganglion
US20060052836A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Neurostimulation system
US20060052837A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods and systems for modulating neural tissue
US20060052835A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods for stimulating the spinal cord and nervous system
US20060052839A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods for stimulating a dorsal root ganglion
US7447546B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2008-11-04 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Methods of neurostimulating targeted neural tissue
US20060052826A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Pulse generator for high impedance electrodes
US20060052856A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Stimulation components
US8712546B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2014-04-29 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Neurostimulation system
US7580753B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2009-08-25 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Method and system for stimulating a dorsal root ganglion
US20060052827A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Stimulation systems
US20060052838A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Kim Daniel H Methods of neurostimulating targeted neural tissue
US7450993B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2008-11-11 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Methods for selective stimulation of a ganglion
US8229565B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2012-07-24 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Methods for stimulating a dorsal root ganglion
US20080129689A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2008-06-05 Searete Llc, A Limited Liability Corporation Of The States Of Delaware Multi-angle mirror
US7714804B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2010-05-11 Searete Llc Multi-angle mirror
US7705800B2 (en) 2004-09-15 2010-04-27 Searete Llc Multi-angle mirror
US20060055809A1 (en) * 2004-09-15 2006-03-16 Jung Edward K Multi-angle mirror
US20060072798A1 (en) * 2004-09-27 2006-04-06 Allen Paul G Medical overlay mirror
US7259731B2 (en) 2004-09-27 2007-08-21 Searete Llc Medical overlay mirror
US7657317B2 (en) 2005-04-26 2010-02-02 Boston Scientific Neuromodulation Corporation Evaluating stimulation therapies and patient satisfaction
US20070015976A1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2007-01-18 Medtronic, Inc. Correlating a non-polysomnographic physiological parameter set with sleep states
US8021299B2 (en) 2005-06-01 2011-09-20 Medtronic, Inc. Correlating a non-polysomnographic physiological parameter set with sleep states
US8798754B2 (en) 2005-09-26 2014-08-05 Venturi Group, Llc Neural blocking therapy
US20070129622A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Wearable ambulatory data recorder
US7957797B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2011-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US7957809B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2011-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US8016776B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2011-09-13 Medtronic, Inc. Wearable ambulatory data recorder
US20110082522A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2011-04-07 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070150026A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-28 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US8731656B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2014-05-20 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US8444578B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2013-05-21 Medtronic, Inc. Wearable ambulatory data recorder
US20110238136A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2011-09-29 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070129774A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US7853322B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2010-12-14 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070150029A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-28 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US8903486B2 (en) 2005-12-02 2014-12-02 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US20070129769A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2007-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. Wearable ambulatory data recorder
US20110238130A1 (en) * 2005-12-02 2011-09-29 Medtronic, Inc. Closed-loop therapy adjustment
US7747330B2 (en) 2006-03-09 2010-06-29 Medtronic, Inc. Global parameter adjustment for multiple stimulation programs
US20100228322A1 (en) * 2006-03-09 2010-09-09 Medtronic, Inc. Global parameter adjustment for multiple stimulation programs
US8725269B2 (en) 2006-03-09 2014-05-13 Medtronic, Inc. Global parameter adjustment for multiple stimulation programs
US20070213789A1 (en) * 2006-03-09 2007-09-13 Medtronic, Inc. Global parameter adjustment for multiple stimulation programs
US8744587B2 (en) 2006-03-24 2014-06-03 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting gait information for evaluation and control of therapy
US9592379B2 (en) 2006-03-24 2017-03-14 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting gait information for evaluation and control of therapy
US20070250134A1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2007-10-25 Medtronic, Inc. Collecting gait information for evaluation and control of therapy
US8630715B2 (en) 2006-04-12 2014-01-14 Medtronic, Inc. Rule-based stimulation program search
US7774067B2 (en) 2006-04-12 2010-08-10 Medtronic, Inc. Autogeneration of neurostimulation therapy program groups
US20070244519A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Medtronic, Inc. Autogeneration of neurostimulation therapy program groups
US20070245318A1 (en) * 2006-04-12 2007-10-18 Medtronic, Inc. Rule-based stimulation program search
US8712539B2 (en) 2006-04-12 2014-04-29 Medtronic, Inc. Rule-based stimulation program search
US20090174559A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2009-07-09 Medtronic, Inc. External voiding sensor system
US20070255176A1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-11-01 Medtronic, Inc. Voiding detection with learning mode
US8072338B2 (en) 2006-04-28 2011-12-06 Medtronic, Inc. External voiding sensor system
US7522061B2 (en) 2006-04-28 2009-04-21 Medtronic, Inc. External voiding sensor system
US20080001851A1 (en) * 2006-06-28 2008-01-03 Searete Llc Cosmetic enhancement mirror
US9314618B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2016-04-19 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Implantable flexible circuit leads and methods of use
US9427570B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2016-08-30 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Expandable stimulation leads and methods of use
US8983624B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2015-03-17 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Delivery devices, systems and methods for stimulating nerve tissue on multiple spinal levels
US8518092B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2013-08-27 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Hard tissue anchors and delivery devices
US9623233B2 (en) 2006-12-06 2017-04-18 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Delivery devices, systems and methods for stimulating nerve tissue on multiple spinal levels
US9044592B2 (en) 2007-01-29 2015-06-02 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Sutureless lead retention features
US8768472B2 (en) 2007-11-05 2014-07-01 Nevro Corporation Multi-frequency neural treatments and associated systems and methods
US8774926B2 (en) 2007-11-05 2014-07-08 Nevro Corporation Multi-frequency neural treatments and associated systems and methods
US8317776B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2012-11-27 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US8409132B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2013-04-02 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Treatment indications informed by a priori implant information
US8403881B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2013-03-26 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US9717896B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2017-08-01 Gearbox, Llc Treatment indications informed by a priori implant information
US8870813B2 (en) 2007-12-18 2014-10-28 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US8636670B2 (en) 2008-05-13 2014-01-28 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Circulatory monitoring systems and methods
US9545518B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2017-01-17 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state classification for a medical device
US9662045B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2017-05-30 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of sleep quality information based on posture state data
US8209028B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-06-26 Medtronic, Inc. Objectification of posture state-responsive therapy based on patient therapy adjustments
US8219206B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-07-10 Medtronic, Inc. Dwell time adjustments for posture state-responsive therapy
US8231556B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-07-31 Medtronic, Inc. Obtaining baseline patient information
US8644945B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-02-04 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interaction with posture-responsive therapy
US9440084B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2016-09-13 Medtronic, Inc. Programming posture responsive therapy
US8326420B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-12-04 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with posture states using stability timers
US8200340B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-06-12 Medtronic, Inc. Guided programming for posture-state responsive therapy
US8688225B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-04-01 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state detection using selectable system control parameters
US9050471B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2015-06-09 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state display on medical device user interface
US8583252B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-11-12 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interaction with posture-responsive therapy
US9776008B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2017-10-03 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state responsive therapy delivery using dwell times
US8515550B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-08-20 Medtronic, Inc. Assignment of therapy parameter to multiple posture states
US8150531B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-04-03 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with patient posture states
US8515549B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-08-20 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with intended patient posture states
US8751011B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-06-10 Medtronic, Inc. Defining therapy parameter values for posture states
US8755901B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-06-17 Medtronic, Inc. Patient assignment of therapy parameter to posture state
US8504150B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-08-06 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with posture states using a stability timer
US9327129B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2016-05-03 Medtronic, Inc. Blended posture state classification and therapy delivery
US8249718B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-08-21 Medtronic, Inc. Programming posture state-responsive therapy with nominal therapy parameters
US8437861B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-05-07 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state redefinition based on posture data and therapy adjustments
US9592387B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2017-03-14 Medtronic, Inc. Patient-defined posture states for posture responsive therapy
US9272091B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2016-03-01 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state display on medical device user interface
US8401666B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-03-19 Medtronic, Inc. Modification profiles for posture-responsive therapy
US8282580B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-10-09 Medtronic, Inc. Data rejection for posture state analysis
US8315710B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-11-20 Medtronic, Inc. Associating therapy adjustments with patient posture states
US8958885B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2015-02-17 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state classification for a medical device
US8323218B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-12-04 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of proportional posture information over multiple time intervals
US9560990B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2017-02-07 Medtronic, Inc. Obtaining baseline patient information
US8905948B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-12-09 Medtronic, Inc. Generation of proportional posture information over multiple time intervals
US8332041B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2012-12-11 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interaction with posture-responsive therapy
US8708934B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-04-29 Medtronic, Inc. Reorientation of patient posture states for posture-responsive therapy
US8886302B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2014-11-11 Medtronic, Inc. Adjustment of posture-responsive therapy
US8447411B2 (en) 2008-07-11 2013-05-21 Medtronic, Inc. Patient interaction with posture-responsive therapy
US8280517B2 (en) 2008-09-19 2012-10-02 Medtronic, Inc. Automatic validation techniques for validating operation of medical devices
US9409021B2 (en) 2008-10-27 2016-08-09 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. Selective stimulation systems and signal parameters for medical conditions
US9056197B2 (en) 2008-10-27 2015-06-16 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Selective stimulation systems and signal parameters for medical conditions
US9403013B2 (en) 2009-01-29 2016-08-02 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for producing asynchronous neural responses to treat pain and/or other patient conditions
US8509906B2 (en) 2009-01-29 2013-08-13 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for producing asynchronous neural responses to treat pain and/or other patient conditions
US8849410B2 (en) 2009-01-29 2014-09-30 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for producing asynchronous neural responses to treat pain and/or other patient conditions
US9199083B2 (en) 2009-02-10 2015-12-01 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for delivering neural therapy correlated with patient status
US9669219B2 (en) 2009-02-10 2017-06-06 Nevro Corp. Systems and methods for delivering neural therapy correlated with patient status
US8380318B2 (en) 2009-03-24 2013-02-19 Spinal Modulation, Inc. Pain management with stimulation subthreshold to paresthesia
US9468762B2 (en) 2009-03-24 2016-10-18 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Pain management with stimulation subthreshold to paresthesia
US9327125B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-03 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8792988B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-07-29 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8989865B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2015-03-24 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9592388B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2017-03-14 Nevro Corp. Devices for controlling high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including simplified contact selection
US9480842B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-11-01 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8838248B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-09-16 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including simplified program selection
US8718781B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-05-06 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8718782B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-05-06 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8862239B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-10-14 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8712533B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-04-29 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8868192B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-10-21 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8694109B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-04-08 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8886326B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-11-11 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8554326B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2013-10-08 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8886327B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-11-11 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8694108B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-04-08 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including simplified controllers
US8509905B2 (en) * 2009-04-22 2013-08-13 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8874221B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-10-28 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9248293B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-02-02 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including simplified program selection
US8886328B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-11-11 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8428748B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2013-04-23 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9387327B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-07-12 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9333358B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-10 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9333360B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-10 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9333357B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-10 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9333359B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-10 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8874217B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-10-28 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8874222B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-10-28 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9327127B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-03 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9327126B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2016-05-03 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8892209B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-11-18 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US20120203304A1 (en) * 2009-04-22 2012-08-09 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US8880177B2 (en) 2009-04-22 2014-11-04 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9026223B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2015-05-05 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy system including multiple posture sensors
US8175720B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2012-05-08 Medtronic, Inc. Posture-responsive therapy control based on patient input
US8231555B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2012-07-31 Medtronic, Inc. Therapy system including multiple posture sensors
US9327070B2 (en) 2009-04-30 2016-05-03 Medtronic, Inc. Medical device therapy based on posture and timing
US9259569B2 (en) 2009-05-15 2016-02-16 Daniel M. Brounstein Methods, systems and devices for neuromodulating spinal anatomy
US9409019B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2016-08-09 Nevro Corporation Linked area parameter adjustment for spinal cord stimulation and associated systems and methods
US8712535B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2014-04-29 Nevro Corporation Linked area parameter adjustment for spinal cord stimulation and associated systems and methods
US9002461B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2015-04-07 Nevro Corporation Linked area parameter adjustment for spinal cord stimulation and associated systems and methods
US9827423B2 (en) 2009-07-28 2017-11-28 Nevro Corp. Linked area parameter adjustment for spinal cord stimulation and associated systems and methods
US9327110B2 (en) 2009-10-27 2016-05-03 St. Jude Medical Luxembourg Holdings SMI S.A.R.L. (“SJM LUX SMI”) Devices, systems and methods for the targeted treatment of movement disorders
US8388555B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2013-03-05 Medtronic, Inc. Posture state classification for a medical device
US9174055B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2015-11-03 Medtronic, Inc. Display of detected patient posture state
US9149210B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2015-10-06 Medtronic, Inc. Automated calibration of posture state classification for a medical device
US8579834B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2013-11-12 Medtronic, Inc. Display of detected patient posture state
US9357949B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2016-06-07 Medtronic, Inc. User interface that displays medical therapy and posture data
US8758274B2 (en) 2010-01-08 2014-06-24 Medtronic, Inc. Automated adjustment of posture state definitions for a medical device
US9566441B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2017-02-14 Medtronic, Inc. Detecting posture sensor signal shift or drift in medical devices
US8649874B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2014-02-11 Nevro Corporation Extended pain relief via high frequency spinal cord modulation, and associated systems and methods
US9180298B2 (en) 2010-11-30 2015-11-10 Nevro Corp. Extended pain relief via high frequency spinal cord modulation, and associated systems and methods
US9278215B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-03-08 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9327121B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-05-03 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9283387B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-03-15 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9295839B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-03-29 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9283388B2 (en) 2011-09-08 2016-03-15 Nevro Corporation Selective high frequency spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, including cephalic and/or total body pain with reduced side effects, and associated systems and methods
US9604059B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2017-03-28 Nevro Corp. Devices for controlling spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including controllers for automated parameter selection
US8676331B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2014-03-18 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including controllers for automated parameter selection
US9002460B2 (en) 2012-04-02 2015-04-07 Nevro Corporation Devices for controlling spinal cord modulation for inhibiting pain, and associated systems and methods, including controllers for automated parameter selection
US9737719B2 (en) 2012-04-26 2017-08-22 Medtronic, Inc. Adjustment of therapy based on acceleration
US9833614B1 (en) 2012-06-22 2017-12-05 Nevro Corp. Autonomic nervous system control via high frequency spinal cord modulation, and associated systems and methods
WO2014107213A3 (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-09-25 The Florida International University Board Of Trustees Neural interface activity simulator
WO2014107213A2 (en) * 2012-10-16 2014-07-10 The Florida International University Board Of Trustees Neural interface activity simulator
US9563740B2 (en) 2012-10-16 2017-02-07 The Florida International University Board Of Trustees Neural interface activity simulator
US9731133B1 (en) 2013-01-22 2017-08-15 Nevro Corp. Systems and methods for systematically testing a plurality of therapy programs in patient therapy devices
US9295840B1 (en) 2013-01-22 2016-03-29 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for automatically programming patient therapy devices
US9409020B2 (en) 2014-05-20 2016-08-09 Nevro Corporation Implanted pulse generators with reduced power consumption via signal strength/duration characteristics, and associated systems and methods
US9517344B1 (en) 2015-03-13 2016-12-13 Nevro Corporation Systems and methods for selecting low-power, effective signal delivery parameters for an implanted pulse generator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP1075305B1 (en) 2006-10-25 grant
DE69933761T2 (en) 2007-10-04 grant
US6120467A (en) 2000-09-19 grant
WO1999056820A1 (en) 1999-11-11 application
EP1075305A1 (en) 2001-02-14 application
DE69933761D1 (en) 2006-12-07 grant

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4941471A (en) Rate stabilization pacemaker
US6301499B1 (en) Heart rate variability as an indicator of exercise capacity
US6088618A (en) Pacemaker system and method for providing manual display concurrent with pacemaker software modification
US6819956B2 (en) Optimal method and apparatus for neural modulation for the treatment of neurological disease, particularly movement disorders
US7848812B2 (en) Elective service indicator based on pulse count for implantable device
US6760625B1 (en) Battery monitoring system for an implantable medical device
US4995390A (en) Exercise responsive cardiac pacemaker
US5861011A (en) Pacemaker with automatic lower rate limit drop
US5674254A (en) Cardiac pacemaker system and method for determining a measure of pacing threshold without incurring loss of capture
US6648823B2 (en) Method and system of follow-up support for a medical device
US5443486A (en) Method and apparatus to limit control of parameters of electrical tissue stimulators
US6735479B2 (en) Lifestyle management system
US5158080A (en) Muscle tone
US5303702A (en) Automatic adjustment of the control function for a rate adaptive pacemaker
US5133354A (en) Method and apparatus for improving muscle tone
US8209028B2 (en) Objectification of posture state-responsive therapy based on patient therapy adjustments
US20100010578A1 (en) Patient assignment of therapy parameter to posture state
US5948005A (en) Multi-event bin heart rate histogram for use with and implantable pacemaker
US5081987A (en) Implantable medical device for stimulating a physiological event of a living being with stimulation intensity adaptable to physical activity of the living being
US20070255322A1 (en) Patient-individualized efficacy rating
US20060293720A1 (en) Closed-loop feedback-driven neuromodulation
US6466821B1 (en) AC/DC multi-axis accelerometer for determining patient activity and body position
US20020055762A1 (en) System and method for varying characteristics of electrical therapy
US20030204224A1 (en) Programmable waveform pulses for an implantable medical device
US7289851B2 (en) Method and apparatus for identifying lead-related conditions using impedance trends and oversensing criteria

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
CC Certificate of correction
FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 4

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 8

FPAY Fee payment

Year of fee payment: 12