US6415291B2 - System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database - Google Patents

System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US6415291B2
US6415291B2 US09816829 US81682901A US6415291B2 US 6415291 B2 US6415291 B2 US 6415291B2 US 09816829 US09816829 US 09816829 US 81682901 A US81682901 A US 81682901A US 6415291 B2 US6415291 B2 US 6415291B2
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
interest
user
items
system
information
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US09816829
Other versions
US20010054036A1 (en )
Inventor
W. Lincoln Bouve
William T. Semple
Steven W. Oxman
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Civix DDI LLC
Original Assignee
Civix DDI LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date
Family has litigation

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30286Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor in structured data stores
    • G06F17/30386Retrieval requests
    • G06F17/30424Query processing
    • G06F17/30522Query processing with adaptation to user needs
    • G06F17/30528Query processing with adaptation to user needs using context
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30241Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor in geographical information databases
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F17/00Digital computing or data processing equipment or methods, specially adapted for specific functions
    • G06F17/30Information retrieval; Database structures therefor ; File system structures therefor
    • G06F17/30861Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers
    • G06F17/30864Retrieval from the Internet, e.g. browsers by querying, e.g. search engines or meta-search engines, crawling techniques, push systems
    • G06F17/3087Spatially dependent indexing and retrieval, e.g. location dependent results to queries
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/32Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using wireless devices
    • G06Q20/322Aspects of commerce using mobile devices [M-devices]
    • G06Q20/3224Transactions dependent on location of M-devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/02Marketing, e.g. market research and analysis, surveying, promotions, advertising, buyer profiling, customer management or rewards; Price estimation or determination
    • G06Q30/0241Advertisement
    • G06Q30/0251Targeted advertisement
    • G06Q30/0261Targeted advertisement based on user location
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F19/00Complete banking systems; Coded card-freed arrangements adapted for dispensing or receiving monies or the like and posting such transactions to existing accounts, e.g. automatic teller machines
    • G07F19/20Automatic teller machines [ATMs]
    • G07F19/201Accessories of ATMs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L29/00Arrangements, apparatus, circuits or systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04L1/00 - H04L27/00 contains provisionally no documents
    • H04L29/02Communication control; Communication processing contains provisionally no documents
    • H04L29/06Communication control; Communication processing contains provisionally no documents characterised by a protocol
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/18Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications in which the network application is adapted for the location of the user terminal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/36Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the display of network or application conditions affecting the network application to the application user
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Application independent communication protocol aspects or techniques in packet data networks
    • H04L69/30Definitions, standards or architectural aspects of layered protocol stacks
    • H04L69/32High level architectural aspects of 7-layer open systems interconnection [OSI] type protocol stacks
    • H04L69/322Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions
    • H04L69/329Aspects of intra-layer communication protocols among peer entities or protocol data unit [PDU] definitions in the application layer, i.e. layer seven
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/912Applications of a database
    • Y10S707/918Location
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/912Applications of a database
    • Y10S707/918Location
    • Y10S707/919Geographic
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/912Applications of a database
    • Y10S707/922Communications
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99931Database or file accessing
    • Y10S707/99933Query processing, i.e. searching
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99931Database or file accessing
    • Y10S707/99933Query processing, i.e. searching
    • Y10S707/99934Query formulation, input preparation, or translation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99941Database schema or data structure
    • Y10S707/99944Object-oriented database structure
    • Y10S707/99945Object-oriented database structure processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S707/00Data processing: database and file management or data structures
    • Y10S707/99941Database schema or data structure
    • Y10S707/99948Application of database or data structure, e.g. distributed, multimedia, or image

Abstract

A user can access a common database from a remote communications port, at any qualified location, to generate a map or other positional information which locates selected items of interest, e.g., businesses, stores, architectural sites, and the like. The database contains information representing the items of interest, including, for each of the items of interest, positional coordinates, a geographic vicinity, and a selected category. The positional coordinates discretely locate the vicinity, while the vicinity specifies the exact locations of the items of interest in the selected category. For example, a user in New York can select the display of sporting shops in the area surrounding Chicago O'Hara International Airport selectively. A user can also access a port and display locations of items of interest within the same vicinity as the user and relative to the user's position. The database can be modified from qualified remote locations to change, or add to, the information therein. An advertisement can be tagged to the display or print out as an association with the selected items of interest.

Description

RELATED APPLICATION

This is a continuing application of commonly owned and copending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/920,044, filed Aug. 28, 1997, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/371,425, filed Jan. 11, 1995 and which is now U.S. Pat. No. 5,682,525, issued Oct. 28, 1997.

A portion of the disclosure of this patent document contains material which is subject to copyright protection. The copyright owner has no objection to the facsimile reproduction by anyone of the patent document or the patent disclosure, as it appears in the Patent and Trademark Office patent file or records, but otherwise reserves all copyright rights whatsoever.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Electronic directories for identifying selected subscribers within a city are known in the prior art. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,974,170 describes one system which includes a fixed kiosk with an internal memory for storing locations such as businesses and historical sites within a predetermined distance from the kiosk. An input panel on the kiosk provides access to the data within the memory, and a map is generated by the system thereby locating the selected information from the kiosk.

However, such a system is inflexible. The map generated by the system is predefined; and thus the user cannot access or select information about businesses and historical sites outside of the predefined map. A user of the system must also know the exact location of the kiosk in order to use the system. Tourists and business travelers to the city are unlikely to know of the kiosk; and thus the kiosk system is of little use to such users. Further, a user must be physically present at the kiosk in order to access the information about the businesses and/or sites in the surrounding area.

In addition, the information stored within the kiosk's memory must be manually updated. This requires a series of cumbersome steps—including the physical acts of loading and downloading to the memory at the kiosk—to update the system in the event that information about a selected business changes, e.g., the business closes.

It is, accordingly, an object of the invention to provide systems and methods which reduce or remove the aforementioned difficulties.

It is yet another object of the invention to provide a system for remotely accessing selective items of interest from a database; and for displaying a geographic vicinity of the items of interest to the user selectively and at the remote location.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a system for remotely providing information identifying locations of selected items of interest at a selected destination location.

These and other objects will be apparent in the specification which follows.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

As used herein, “items of interest” means services, products, geographic sites, architectural sites, stores, restaurants, public services, and other items which a user of the invention may wish to locate. “Port,” “remote access port,” “terminal,” or “remote access terminal” are used interchangeably to denote a terminal, e.g., a personal computer with modem, from which a user of the invention can access the database storing the information about the items of interest. “Remote database” or “database” are used herein to denote a database, e.g., a client server, which stores information for access by a user of the invention from a port. “Communication link” is used to denote means, including for example a telephone line, for communicating between the database and the port. “Geographic vicinity,” and “map” are used to denote a geographic region which includes and surrounds selected items of interest.

In one aspect, the invention provides a system for remotely determining the position of a selected category of items of interest in a selected geographic vicinity from a database. A database stores information about a plurality of items of interest, including, for each of the items of interest, positional coordinates, a geographic vicinity, and at least one associated category. A communications link facilitates communications between a user of the system and the database. The system also provides for transmitting a portion of the information in the database to a user via the link upon receipt of a request signal representative of a selected category and geographic vicinity. Preferably, that transmitted portion of the information includes identification of a position for the items of interest within the selected category and geographic vicinity.

The system further provides a port for remotely accessing the portion of information via the link. Specifically, the port generates the request signal in response to inputs by a user of the system; that signal being representative of the selected category and geographic vicinity. A user interface at the port accepts the inputs and communicates the position of each of the items of interest in the selected category and geographic vicinity to the user.

In accord with other aspects of the invention, the communications link can include several technologies, including a telephone link, satellite link, radio-frequency link, infra-red link, internet link, facsimile link, fiber-optic link, coaxial cable link and television link. The database is, typically, a personal computer, mainframe, work-station, mini-computer, or digital data processor. To communicate the information to a user, the user interface can include a television, telephone, facsimile, audible speaker, and/or personal computer display. To accept user inputs at the port, the user interface can further include a television interface, telephone interface, facsimile interface, and/or a personal computer interface.

Preferably, the geographic vicinity includes certain spatial detail of the items of interest. For example, the geographic vicinity can include a map of the items of interest in the selected category, as well as street and landmark information displayed relative to the user's position at the remote port. As such, the set of positional coordinates generally identifies either (i) a location of a user of the system, or (ii) a destination location within the geographic vicinity.

In certain aspects of the invention, the information within the database further includes additional detail about at least one of the items of interest. Such a feature is advantageous in that, once the port displays the geographic vicinity with the items of interest, a user can thereafter select further additional detail about one or more of the items of interest. In this manner, for example, an item of interest such as a restaurant can display a picture of the interior of the restaurant to the user. The additional detail can include other multimedia information, such as video, prerecorded music, and digital pictures.

In still another aspect, the invention also communicates at least one advertisement associated with at least one of the items of interest to the user. As such, certain advertisers that are connected with the selected category of items of interest can promote a name or business.

In one aspect of the invention, the information within the database is arranged hierarchically. In this aspect, there are a plurality of discrete geographic vicinities (each set of positional coordinates corresponding to one discrete location within the geographic vicinity). The system thus provides for hierarchically selecting any of the discrete vicinities from the port in a hierarchical manner.

In still another aspect of the invention, database apparatus is provided for storing information about a plurality of items of interest. As above, that information includes, for each of the items of interest, positional coordinates, a geographic vicinity, and at least one associated category. A communications link provides for communicating between a user of the database apparatus and a remote port. The database apparatus further provides for transmitting a portion of the information to a user via the link upon receipt of a request signal representative of a geographic vicinity and a selected category of the items of interest. That transmitted portion of the information includes an identification of a position for the items of interest within the selected category and geographic vicinity.

The invention also provides, in another aspect, a remote access port for remotely accessing a selected category of items of interest in a selected geographic vicinity from a database such as described above. The port includes means for generating a request signal representative of a selected category and a selected geographic vicinity of the items of interest in response to inputs by a user of the port. A user interface accepts the inputs and indicates the position of each of the items of interest within the selected category and geographic vicinity.

In another aspect, the information includes additional detail for at least one of the items of interest, and the port further includes means for (i) generating a signal representative of a selection of at least one of the items of interest, and (ii) communicating the additional detail to the user.

The invention also provides a method for remotely determining the position of a selected category of items of interest in a selected geographic vicinity from a database, comprising the steps of: (i) storing information about a plurality of items of interest in the database, the information including, for each of the items of interest, positional coordinates, a geographic vicinity, and at least one associated category; (ii) accessing the database from a remote location and over a communication link; (iii) communicating, from the remote location, information representative of a selected category and a selected geographic vicinity to the database; and (iv) transmitting a portion of the information from the database and to the user over the link, the information including, at least, identification of a position for the items of interest within the selected category and geographic vicinity.

The invention is next described further in connection with preferred embodiments, and it will be apparent that various additions, subtractions, and modifications can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS

A more complete understanding of the invention may be obtained by reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 schematically illustrates a system constructed according to the invention;

FIG. 2 shows a typical graphical illustration locating items of interest and which can be displayed to a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 shows a user interface display of various world-wide countries providing selectable locations according to the invention and which can be displayed to a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3A shows a user interface display of a map of the United-States providing selectable locations according to the invention and which can be displayed to a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3B shows a user interface display of a map of California providing selectable locations according to the invention and which can be displayed to a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3C shows a user interface display of various selectable locations within greater Los Angeles according to the invention and which can be displayed to a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 illustrates a top level process flow, according to the invention, for providing information to a user at the remote port of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4A shows a hierarchical structure of geographical vacinities, according to the invention;

FIG. 5 shows a typical menu of categories of items of interest which are selectable by a user of the system of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 6A and 6B illustrate various components and methods, according to the invention, for constructing a communications link suitable for use in the system of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 7A and 7B illustrate various remote port display technologies, according to the invention, which are suitable for use within the remote port of the system of FIG. 1;

FIG. 8 illustrates a system constructed according to the invention and which includes a mobile remote port for accessing the locations of the selected items of interest;

FIG. 9 schematically illustrates system architecture, constructed according to the invention, which forms a database suitable for use as the database of FIG. 1, and which services both phone and fax information and internal administrative data;

FIG. 10 shows one system architecture according to the invention, and which includes a host database and a remote port;

FIG. 11 illustrates process flow and system architecture for interfacing between user inputs and the database, in accord with the invention; and

FIG. 12 shows one representative display or print-out, according to the invention, which includes an advertising field associated with the items of interest.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

FIG. 1 illustrates a system 10 constructed according to the invention. A database 12 stores information about the items of interest, including information about locating the items of interest. The database 12 includes an information controller 14 which communicates with a remote access port 16 via a communications link 18 and which controls the access and flow of information into and out of the database 12. The information within the database 12 is accessible by the remote access port 16 upon request by a user of the port 16. Accordingly, the port 16 preferably includes a user interface section 20 which provides a graphical display 22, keyboard 24, and mouse tracker 25 (for pointing and clicking on selected display items within the display 22).

Specifically, the information within the database 12 includes, for each of the items of interest, positional coordinates, a geographic vicinity, and at least one associated category. Preferably, this information includes a graphical representation so that a user can easily interpret the information. FIG. 2 shows one exemplary display 30 of information locating computer products in downtown Boston, Mass. Accordingly, the associated category in this example is “computer products,” and, in the illustrated display 30, the geographic vicinity includes the selected items of interest, including (i) the two computer stores 32, 34 at, respectively, 52 Congress Street and 101 Federal Street; and (ii) that area which is displayed within the display 30 and which surrounds the items of interest, such as that area displayed between the streets of High Street and State Street.

The positional coordinates, as part of the selected information, operate to locate the geographic vicinity. Briefly, the positional coordinates locate one location within the geographic vicinity—such as the center of the vicinity—so that items of interest can be determined relative to the positional coordinates and within the geographic vicinity. In addition, the geographic vicinity is preferably a rectangle of information, with North situated upwards.

In one preferred aspect of the invention, the display 30 is centered relative to the location of the user (as such, the positional coordinates of the information are set to the user's present position). For example, if the hotel 36 at 25 Franklin Street has a port 16 therein, a user of the invention can (i) access that particular port and hence the information within the database 12, and (ii) display the items of interest relative to the user's current location, i.e., at the hotel 36. Accordingly, in this embodiment, the display 30 is generated with the hotel 36 at the center of the display—corresponding to the positional coordinates of 25 Franklin Street—and the selected items of interest in the associated category are displayed on streets relative to the hotel 36. In this fashion, a user can easily walk or drive to the items of interest after leaving the hotel 36. Such a feature also gives the “appearance” to the user that the hotel 36 is at the center of activity, a desirable marketing feature for the invention.

With further reference to FIG. 1, the controller 14 preferably includes a display 40 and a keyboard 42 so that an operator of the system 10 can add and modify the information within the database 12. This is especially useful because information about the items of interest changes regularly; and thus the information within the database 12 is preferably updated on a regular basis so that users of the system 12 receive accurate information. For example, in a typical commercial location such as illustrated in Figure 2, new retail stores open and existing retail stores close throughout the year. The invention thus provides for updating information within the database 12, such as through the control of a system operator typing commands at the keyboard 42.

Alternatively, the system 10 provides for remotely updating the database 12 with new information via any of the ports 16 or via a remote computer with a modem, described in more detail in connection with FIG. 6A. Specifically, the controller 14 provides access security which allows only authorized access for modification of the database 12. As such, a system administrator at a remote port 16 can download information to the database, or modify existing information within the database, as needed and without physically operating the keyboard 42.

The communications link 18 of the invention can take many forms. It is generally impractical to “hard-wire” each remote access port 16 to the database 12; so the form of the communications link 18 generally includes existing communication networks, such as one or more of the following: telephone lines, fiber-optic cabling, satellite communications, cellular communications, radio and microwave-frequency communicators, infra-red communicators, the facsimile mechanism, airphones, modems, the internet, co-axial cabling, television including interactive TV communications, and the like. These communication networks and subsystems are readily known to those skilled in the art without further reference hereto. Nevertheless, FIGS. 6A-6B illustrate representative communication links, according to the invention, which comprise one or more of these communication networks.

The displays 22 and 40 of FIG. 1 include those displays known to those skilled in the art, including the cathode-ray-tube (CRT), Liquid Crystal Display (LCD), and an array of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). However, the display 22 can also take the form of a paper or voice communication port, such as a facsimile output (hard-copy), printer, a voice communication synthesizer with automated digitized voice responses, a voice-driven menu systems, or as other devices capable of rendering digitized or analogue output signals. FIGS. 7A and 7B below illustrate some of these alternative forms of the display 22.

The remote access port 16 is generally provided at locations of public access in a city. Accordingly, the invention supports a nearly unlimited number of ports 16 that are connected for communication with the database 12, each of the ports being connected to the database 12 such as shown in FIG. 1 and such as described in more detail below. For example, the port 16 of the invention is appropriately placed in one or more hotels, restaurants, and public facilities (such as a train station) in the city. In Boston, Massachusetts, therefore, the port. 16 of the invention would ideally be accessible at several different locations, particularly at busy locations, such as at (i) North and South Stations, (ii) Logan Airport and at each of the several airport terminals, (iii) within several (or many, if not all) of Boston's hotels and restaurants, and (iv) at car rental locations.

The invention provides, generally, two modes of operation for a user accessing the port 16. In the first mode of operation, the user within the desired geographic vicinity accesses the database through the port 16 for information about the items of interest located near-by. This mode was described in connection with FIG. 2. That is, when the user is located within the geographic vicinity, e.g., at the hotel 36, a user can locate any of the items of interest relative to the hotel 36 and display items of interest in the associated category, e.g., computer products, through a street map connecting streets to and from the hotel 36. In this manner, as described above, a user can easily locate the items of interest from his or her present location, which determines the positional coordinates of the geographic vicinity.

In one embodiment of the invention, a user accesses this first mode of operation by selecting the “LOCAL INFO” key 44 on the keyboard 42, FIG. 1. Upon selection, the system 10 provides information, such as a graphical display shown in FIG. 2, at the port 16 to locate items of interest within the geographic vicinity of the user and relative to the user's current location. The scope of the geographic vicinity is generally within walking distance.

In the second mode of operation, a user is nowhere near the desired geographic vicinity but nevertheless desires information about items of interest at a destination location (for example, it is generally impractical to display all items of interest within a one hundred mile radius; rather it is more convenient to display locations of items of interest in a format that is relative to his desired destination). In one embodiment of the invention, such a user selects the “REMOTE-INFO” key 48 to access the desired set of destination position coordinates. For example, a user who is leaving Boston Logan Airport for Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) can access a port 16 at Logan and display, selectively, items of interest in an associated category relative to LAX. For example, if a user of the invention wishes to locate music stores upon arrival in Los Angeles, she can command the display of music stores relative to LAX so that they are easily located.

In order to command the display of items of interest at the destination location, and in accord with one embodiment of the invention, a user first selects “USA” at the port 16 via the keyboard 24, then the user sequentially selects “California,” “Los Angeles,” and finally “Los Angeles International Airport.” Each of these selections are provided to the user in a menu format on the display 22, such as known to those skilled in the art.

FIGS. 3-3C schematically illustrate this display and selection process according to one embodiment of the invention. FIGS. 3-3C show successive displays which are displayed on the display 22, FIG. 1. Specifically, the system 10 of FIG. 1 first provides information to the display 22 that represents a selection 50 of various countries which can be selected by a user, such as shown in FIG. 3. In this example, a user selects the “United States” (such as shown by the check-mark 52). The system 10 thereafter provides information to the display 22 that represents a map 54 of the United States, shown in FIG. 3A, so that a user can point and select “California” with a mouse pointer 56 via the mouse tracker 25. Upon selection, an outline 58 of California is displayed, including many, if not all, of its major cities, as shown in FIG. 3B (for illustrative purposes, only Los Angeles and San Francisco are identified).

With the outline of California displayed, a user can select “Los Angeles” by again pointing the mouse pointer 56 onto the city identified as Los Angeles and clicking the mouse tracker 35. Thereafter, an alphabetic listing 60 of well-known places is provided by the system to the display 22, as shown in FIG. 3C, so that a user can, appropriately, select a geographic vicinity within which to locate the items of interest. In this example, a user would appropriately select Los Angeles International Airport, as illustrated with a check-mark 62.

As should be clear to those skilled in the art, the successive display of information within the display 22 can be accomplished in several ways, each of which is within the scope of the invention. For example, the display of information shown in FIGS. 3-3C can be done through menus only, and without the map illustrations shown in FIG. 3A and 3B. That is, a menu of information can replace the maps of FIGS. 3A and 3B, such as for example provided in FIGS. 3 and 3C. A menu of the United States, for example, at least includes a listing of the several states; and a map of California at least includes a menu listing of its major cities.

Likewise, the display of information on the display 22 can entirely be in graphical form. In such a case, the menus of FIG. 3 and 3C are replaced, respectively, with (i) graphical representations of the world, and (ii) graphical locations of key items of interest within the greater Los Angeles area.

Accordingly, the default display of information to a user monitoring the display 22 is a mixture of graphics and menus, such as shown in FIGS. 3-3C. However, a user can select only the display of graphic information by activating the “GRAPHICS” key 64, FIG. 1. Likewise, a user can also select the “MENU” key 66 to display information in the menu (text) mode. Those skilled in the art should appreciate that other keys, key names, and combinations of keys can be used in accord with the invention to select and/or display other information. For example, a print key 68 provides a command for printing the current display of the port 16, which therefore preferably includes an attached printer 70 connected via communication line 71.

FIG. 4 illustrates one embodiment of the invention showing a process flow 73 for providing information about selected items of interest to a user at the remote port.

The flow 73 includes instructions at different levels of abstraction, such as at the U.S. level, city level, and at the specific areas of interest, which help a user to select and locate the items of interest.

Thus, it is preferred, according to the invention, that a user's selected display of items of interest within an associated category and geographic vicinity is accessed hierarchically within the database 12. As such, each set of positional coordinates corresponds to a discrete remote port location of one geographic vicinity.

FIGS. 4 and 4A illustrate this hierarchical approach. If, for example, a user at a remote port has commanded the display of one geographic vicinity (i.e., an area of interest map) and selects the display of a different geographic vicinity, it is necessary to first return to the associated city map, or even to the U.S. map, depending on the desired location, to access that different geographic vicinity.

FIG. 4A schematically illustrates this selection by way of a U.S. map 74 which includes two city maps 75, 76. The geographic vacinities 75 a, 76 a within each city map, respectively, are selectable by hierarchically selecting the appropriate city map first. In this manner, if a user is currently displaying one vicinity 74 a, and desires a display of a vicinity 76 a, the user must first successively select the city map 75, the U.S. map 74, and Hi the city map 76. FIG. 4A also illustratively shows the positional coordinates 77 for each vicinity 75 a, 76 a.

FIG. 5 illustrates one embodiment of the invention wherein a user selects the associated category for the items of interest from a display menu of possible items of interest. This display to select the category is preferably displayed upon activation of the remote port 16; or, alternatively, the display is commanded by a user of the system, such as by activating the “NEW SEARCH” key 76, FIG. 1. Accordingly, a user can start a new search for items of interest in a selected category by first pressing the “NEW SEARCH” key 76. Alternatively, a user can select an additional category by selecting the “ADD CATEGORY” key 46. In this manner, more than one category can be displayed at one time within the geographic vicinity.

By way of example, upon pressing the key 76, FIG. 5 illustrates one embodiment of the invention which provides a listing of possible categories of items of interest in a menu 78. A user of the system 10 can select-any desired category in the menu, such as by pointing and clicking on the selected item. In this example, the user has selected “computer products,” a category which was used in the illustration of FIG. 2 and which shows the selection by a check-mark 78. A user can thereafter press the “ADD CATEGORY” key 46 and select one other desired category in the menu, such as “sporting goods stores”.

Alternative to the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, another embodiment of the invention provides a word association technique, known to those skilled in the art, which allows any category of items of interest to be selected by directly typing the desired search area. For example, a user of the invention could press the “NEW SEARCH” key 76 and thereafter type “computer equipment” or “computers,” or other similar association, and the controller 14 of FIG. 1 would determine the best fit to the possible categories stored in the database 12 to display to the user. If the association were narrow enough, the system 10 immediately displays the items of interest within the “computer products” category, as above. However, if the search is too broad, the system can prompt the user for more information (such as known to those skilled in the art). By way of example, if a user types “computers,” the system can question, or prompt, the user at the port 16 for “products,” “services,” or “rentals,” which can thereafter be selected by the user.

The advantages of a system constructed according to the invention are several. Specifically, the invention provides a selectable display of items of interest at nearly any location, remote from the user, or centered relative to the user within the desired geographical vicinity. Further, once the display of the selected items of interest is isolated, the system provides a hard-copy for the user to walk away with. With increased usage of the invention, a corresponding increase in the number of remote access ports provides flexibility for users who can, thereby, access the system from widely accessible commercial locations, e.g., airports, car rental agencies, and train stations. In addition, the remote access port of the invention can be located at a user's home, providing even greater flexibility for those persons who regularly travel (or who regularly need information about items of interest at a selected geographic vicinity). A person's home computer system provides data processing capability which, with a modem and software configured to communicate with the database, can provide many, if not all, of the features of the remote access port 16 described above. As such, the remote access port of the invention can include personal computers, subnotebooks, notebooks, Apple's Newton product, facsimiles, phones, cellular, mainframes, minis, interactive television and/or hybrid products.

FIG. 6A illustrates a system, including a telephone-modem-satellite communications link, constructed according to the invention. Specifically, FIG. 6A shows a database 12 a and controller 14 a, which are illustratively located in the United States and which are similar to the database 12 and controller 14 of FIG. 1. The database and controller 12 a, 14 a connect and communicate with a remote port 16 a, which is illustratively located in Europe and which is similar to the port 16 of FIG. 1. A modem 80 couples to the controller 14 a, such as known to those skilled in the art, and further to a telephone line 18 a. The telephone line 18 a connects through the telephone network to the telephone relay center 82 which provides communications, such as overseas communications, to a remote relay center 84 via a satellite 86. The relay center 84 connects to the remote port 16 a (including an internal modem 80 a) by the land-based telephone line 18 a′ so that, in combination, a user of the remote port 16 a can access information from the database such as described above.

It should be apparent to those skilled in the art, for example, that the lines 18 a and 18 a′ can also be constructed with fiber-optic cabling, co-axial cabling, internet communications and the like.

FIG. 6B illustrates other embodiments of the invention for communicating between (i) the database 12 b and controller 14 b and (ii) the remote port 16 b. A cellular communicator 88 connects to the controller 14 b and communicates, via an antennae 90, with the established cellular communications network 92. The communications link is completed with the remote port 16 b, including its own antenna 94 and cellular communicator 88 b, so that a user of the port 16 b can communicate, as above, with the database 12 b.

It should again be apparent to those skilled in the art that the communications methods described and illustrated herein can be modified, in accord with the invention, to form other communication links. For example, portions of the communications link of FIG. 6A can be mixed with portions of the link of FIG. 6B to establish a working and acceptable link according to the invention.

Further, the communications link of FIG. 6B can be replaced with other communications mechanisms known to those in the art. For example, the antennas 90, 94 and communicators 88, 88 b can be replaced by radiowave or microwave devices which communicate via a compatible network instead of a cellular network 92.

FIG. 7A illustrates one embodiment of the invention wherein a display 22 c, such as the display 22 of FIG. 1, includes—or is replaced by—a hard-copy printer 100, such as a computer printer or facsimile. In such an embodiment, a user at the port 16 c receives a hard-copy 102 of the interactive communications between the port 16 c and the database 12, FIG. 1. As above, the user commands selective display of data via the keyboard 24 c and/or mouse tracker 25 c, and a display of the geographic vicinity with the selected items of interest in the selected category are provided via the printer 100.

It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that one acceptable remote port, according to the invention, includes a port comprising a printer 100 and a telephone (not shown). In such an embodiment, a user accesses the database by telephoning the database and requesting a display of items of interest in the selected category and geographic vicinity. The controller 14 of FIG. 1 can include voice recognition software and hardware, known to those skilled in the art, which prompts the user for requests and identifies and responds to the user's verbal replies. After identifying the user's desired category and present location (or intended destination location), the database transmits information in a form recognizable by the printer 100 so that the geographic vicinity and items of interest are displayed to the user at the telephone/printer remote port.

Alternatively, a user can fax selections for the category and geographic vicinity of interest as a hard-copy. A system administrator at the database can interpret the user's selection sheet and command the transmission of the requested information, including the items of interest, back to the user. Alternatively, the database can interpret the user's selections on the sheet to automatically respond and transmit the appropriate display of information, including the items of interest, to the user.

FIG. 7B shows another remote port 16 d which includes a voice generation system 110 and speaker 112. In such an embodiment, a user at the port 16 d (i) listens to questions, or reads messages on the display 22 d, as prompted by the database, and (ii) answers the questions by the keyboard 24 d. After the system identifies the user's desired geographic location and category, a print-out or display of the information is made available to the user, such as described above.

FIG. 8 illustrates a mobile remote system 118 constructed according to the invention. A user holds one of several hand-held devices 122 which provide both display capability and transmit/receive capability to a remote relay 124, e.g., a cellular or radiowave communication relay. The device 122 thus operates as the remote port 16 of FIG. 1. The device 122 can additionally include a GPS receiver to accurately determine the user's positional coordinates in real-time, or a PCM CIA Type II or Type III modem interface which can be miniaturized to credit card size. Alternatively, the user can specify his position coordinates and transmit that information to the database 12 e. In this illustrated embodiment, the system 118 continually redefines the geo-definition of the geographic vicinity based upon the positional coordinates of the user. Data is assembled and maintained using the positional coordinates to generate a map of the geographic vicinity relative to the user and including the locations of the items of interest. As above, this geographic vicinity is assumed to be within a walking distance of the user; however, the user can select a greater radius for display, or another destination location, as needed.

The invention generally incorporates software to facilitate the several embodiments described herein and to support the principles of the invention. As known to those in the art, the data within the database can be maintained, for example, on a SQL-server, or in xBASE. The software is preferably portable to other operating systems, such as to Apple, Apple/IBM, Unix, DEC, OS/2, DOS, Windows 3.1, Windows '95; and preferably allows scalability to 64-bit architectures and greater, as technology advances.

In accord with the invention, software code supporting the database interaction with the remote port can include object-oriented programming, Visual Basic, and other software architectures configured to allow user interaction, portability to other platforms, interface with the internet or other gateways, and relational management.

FIG. 9 illustrates one embodiment of database architecture 130 which is suitable for use as the database 12 of FIG. 1. Specifically, the architecture 130 includes separate phone and fax interfaces, 131, 132, respectively, to interface with any one of the remote ports, e.g., the port 16 of FIG. 1. FIG. 10 illustrates system architecture including database architecture 140 and remote port architecture 141 connected via a pair of phone lines 142, 143 to, respectively, a touch-tone phone 142 a and fax machine 143 a. In this manner, a user 144 can make requests and listen to responses on the phone 142 a, and receive maps and instructions via the fax machine 143 a.

Other modules within the database architectures 130 and/or 140 include the following:

Communications managers 133, 133′ (FIGS. 9 and 10, respectively) handle all data transfers for a single internal modem (or telephone interface controller) 131 in the host database, e.g., a personal computer. It responds to remote requests for data by passing the requests to a session manager 138, and handles all modem control issues, such as answering incoming calls. The communications manager 133′ of FIG. 10 is configured to service users who access the database from a remote port comprising a dial-up telephone 142 a. As such, the manager 133′ translates touch-tone inputs into data and fax transmission requests to be sent to the session manager 138, and monitors the line 142 for time-outs when a user 144 forgets to actively disconnect. The manager 133′ can also translate data from the session manager 138 into synthesized voice output for presentation to an end user 144.

The fax manager 134 handles all requests from the session manager 138 to fax and receive documents to and from end users connected through a communications link.

Because there generally are a plurality of remote ports arranged for access to the system database, there are preferably a plurality of communications managers 133 and modems 131 to service requests from the remote ports. Likewise, although the database generally includes one fax manager 134 and one interface 132, a plurality of fax managers 134 and fax machine interfaces 132 can be incorporated therein. Accordingly, the host database can answer and service a variety of remote ports simultaneously.

The session manager 138 tracks and controls information for each active session being hosted by the database architecture. It responds to requests for data passed to it by each communications manager 133 operating in the database architecture, and prioritizes, queues, and forwards these data requests to the end user data server 136. The manager 138 also forwards data requests to the system data server 137 (FIG. 9 only) to log certain system information, such as user connection times, errors, system utilization, and other administrative functions.

In FIGS. 9 and 10, database storage memory 139 stores information which is accessible by the end user data server 136 and which is responsive to user requests, including the selected city, locations of items of interest, maps of geographic vacinities, and advertising information. In FIG. 10, an additional database storage memory 139 a stores information which is accessible by the system data server 137 and which stores information such as system usage and transaction logging.

The end user data server 136 responds to requests from the session manager 138 by providing data that has been requested for transmission to the remote port. This data includes that information required to place items of interest on the selected geographic vicinity. Preferably, the end user data server 136 is the only mode of access to the specific map data, and thus all requests for this data are made through this server.

In FIG. 9, the system data server 137 interacts with the session manager 138 to record system administrative data. The server 137 responds to requests from the session manager 138 to provide or record information used to track system usage, system response times, user preferences, and other data items that are used to optimize the different modules within the architecture 130.

The flow and control of information by the information controller 14, FIG. 1, can include several of the functions shown illustratively in FIG. 11. Specifically, a display manager 150 controls the drawing of maps (i.e., geographic vacinities) on the screen 22 and further controls status messages to a user of the system. The manager 150 responds to requests for screen updates and status message display from a system kernel module 159, described in more detail below. It also sends requests to a map manager 151 when rendering maps to the display, and sends requests to a data manager 152 in order to obtain system information required to update the display 22 or to present status messages to the user.

A map manager 151 manages map data and provides data for drawing maps to the display manager 150. The manager 151 responds to requests from the display manager 150 by providing information appropriate to the current context of the session, such as the graphical image (e.g., the geographic vicinity and advertising information) that needs to be displayed, the locations on the screen 22 of the items of interest, and the location and content of the titles of the items of interest.

A data manager 152 handles all data requests from the system kernel module 159, map manager 151, and print manager 153, and further interfaces to external data sources 155, 156 (these databases 155, 156 store raw data as the database information). The manager 152 determines the need for remote data access via a communications manager 157, and passes on remote data requests to the manager 157. The manager 152 also provides all data access services to other managers and modules within the controller 14. For example, if the data is not stored locally, the data manager 152 sends a request to the communications manager 157 to provide the desired data.

A print manager 153 handles and controls printing activities in the system, such as to a connected printer 154 (similar to the printer 110, FIG. 7C; or such as a printer connected directly to the database 12). By way of example, the manager 153 requests map and other data from the data manager 152 to create and print outputs requested by the system kernel module 159. Specifically, the manger 153 responds to requests from the system kernel module 159 for print services, and sends requests to the data manager 152 based upon the system kernel requests. The manager 153 uses the information supplied by the data manager 152 to create formatted output for printing, such as by utilizing a standard Windows™ print driver interface to print the requested output.

The communications manager 157 handles all remote communications requirements, including remote data requests, and further accepts and transfers raw data from a remote data source 158 (such as data downloads to modify or add to data within the database). The manager 157 responds to requests from the system kernel module 159 for initialization, connection, and shutdown of remote connections appropriate with the actual hardware in use. It also responds to remote data requests from the data manager 152 by sending the request for remote data to the remote data source 158. When the remote data source 158 responds to the request, the communications manager 157 passes that response on to the data manager 152.

The system kernel module 159 traps all user inputs and determines required actions in the system, including those actions responsive to a user's inputs 160 (such as described above in connection with the keyboard 24). Specifically, the module 159 responds to mouse movements, mouse button clicking, and typing. Depending on the user's input, the module 159 will send requests for services to (i) the display manager 150 to update the display, (ii) the data manager 152 to provide information concerning the map and/or other system needs, (iii) the print manager for printing services, and (iv) the communications manager 157 for remote communications services.

FIG. 12 illustrates one preferred embodiment of the invention wherein certain advertising information is included within, or attached to, the geographic vicinity which is displayed or printed to a user at a remote port. For example, FIG. 12 shows one illustrative geographic vicinity 30′ which was shown previously in FIG. 2, except that an advertisement 180 is displayed as part of that vicinity (the advertisement 180 is generically shown with the text “ADVERTISEMENT,” when, in fact, a paying customer's name or company is usually displayed at that location). In the normal use of the invention, the advertiser who pays for the advertisement is generally associated with the items of interest being displayed. For example, a credit card bank or sporting goods manufacturer typically specify (and pay for) the “advertisement” logo or wording.

It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that any of the items of interest within a displayed geographic vicinity can be selected by a user and that the database can thereafter supply additional detail about that selected item of interest. In such an embodiment of the invention, the database is configured to store such additional detail and also to transmit this information to the remote port when selected. The remote port, in turn, displays the information for the user. By way of example, if the selected category is “restaurants” and a user selects a particular restaurant (i.e., one of the items of interest), a display of additional detail can, for example, include a digital picture of the layout of the dining room or bar. Additionally, the entertainment scheduled for that evening can be displayed while a recording of any associated music is played at the remote port's speakers.

Thus, a further embodiment of the invention includes a digitized, multi-media presentation that is transmitted to the remote port when an associated item of interest is selected. Using a camrecorder and/or other video capture, storage, and editing analogue or digital devices, for example, a short video clip is embedded in the data associated with the information about the items of interest and transmitted and displayed when selected.

In order to utilize the above-described multi-media presentation, the system of the invention must provide sufficient bandwidth, processing speed, and display resolution, and the remote port must display the multi-media transmissions with sufficient speed and resolution so as to be convenient to the user of that information. Typically, the minimum central processing unit of the database and remote port run at least at 16 MHZ and is based on a CISC (complex instruction set) architecture. Further, the database, remote port and communications link should be able to transmit data at an uncompressed speed of 9600 baud per second; preferably, these devices should be faster, e.g., 28.8 Kbps, utilizing modems that subscribe to emerging industry standards such as V.34. Additionally, special connections may be required at the server, including what are known to those skilled in the art as SLIP, PPP, and TC/ICP protocols. In some cases, where additional bandwidth may be required, the modem is replaced with special interfaces provided by regional telecommunications systems that also provide dedicated optic fiber cabling. Some of those linkages are known as Ti, ISDN, and 56 Kbps wide band-width connections. In addition, bandwidth may be enhanced by microwave and other communication links that do not require direct cabled connections.

The invention thus attains the objects set forth above, in addition to those apparent from the preceding description. Since certain changes may be made in the apparatus and methods described herein without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

It is also understood that the following claims cover all the specific and generic features of the invention described herein, and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall there between.

Claims (23)

What is claimed is:
1. A system for determining the position of one or more items of interest in a selected category, comprising:
a database for storing information about the items of interest, the information including, for each of the items of interest, at least one associated category and spatial detail defining a geographic position; and
a plurality of ports for accessing the database through the Internet, each port having a user interface for accepting inputs by a user of the system and for indicating to the user the geographic position of one or more of the items of interest, the user inputs defining the category associated with items of interest.
2. A system of claim 1, wherein the items of interest comprise one or more business categories.
3. A system of claim 1, wherein the port comprises a computer display.
4. A system of claim 1, wherein the port comprises a printer.
5. A system of claim 1, wherein the database further comprises additional detail about at least one item of interest, such that the user can access the additional detail through the user interface.
6. A system of claim 5, wherein the additional detail comprises information about the one item of interest.
7. A system of claim 6, wherein the additional detail comprises an advertisement about the one item of interest.
8. A system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the ports comprises a graphic display.
9. A system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the ports comprises a voice-recognition user interface to accept inputs from the user.
10. A system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the ports comprises a speaker for indicating to the user the position of at least one item of interest.
11. A system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the ports repeatedly updates its geographic position as input to the system.
12. A system of claim 1, wherein at least one of the ports automatically updates and displays its position for the user.
13. A system of claim 12, wherein at least one of the ports comprises a GPS receiver for defining a geographic position of the user.
14. A method for determining the position of one or more items of interest in a selected category, comprising:
storing information about the items of interest in a database, the information including, for each of the items of interest, at least one associated category and spatial detail defining a geographic position; and
supplying information about at least one of the items of interest to one of a plurality of ports, connected to the database at least in part through the Internet, in response to inputs at the one port, wherein a user at the port may locate the one item of interest.
15. A method of claim 14, wherein the step of supplying comprises relaying information through a cellular communications link to a phone.
16. A method of claim 14, further comprising the step of hierarchically displaying geographical information at the one port in response to user inputs at the port.
17. A method of claim 14, wherein the step of supplying comprises relaying information through a cellular communications link to a laptop computer.
18. A method of claim 14, wherein the step of supplying comprises supplying the information items within a radius about the one port.
19. A method of claim 18, further comprising selecting the radius at the remote port.
20. A method of claim 14, further comprising inputting a distinct address at the remote port.
21. A method of claim 14, wherein the step of supplying information comprises supplying advertising information about a business.
22. A method of claim 21, further comprising storing the advertising information in a database and updating the advertising information remotely from the database.
23. A method of claim 21, wherein the step of supplying information comprises supplying one or more of video clips and digitized images related to the one item of interest.
US09816829 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database Expired - Lifetime US6415291B2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08371425 US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1995-01-11 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US08920044 US6408307B1 (en) 1995-01-11 1997-08-28 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US09816829 US6415291B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US09816829 US6415291B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US10186537 US8296335B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2002-07-01 Method for advertising information

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08920044 Continuation US6408307B1 (en) 1995-01-11 1997-08-28 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database

Related Child Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10186537 Continuation US8296335B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2002-07-01 Method for advertising information

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
US20010054036A1 true US20010054036A1 (en) 2001-12-20
US6415291B2 true US6415291B2 (en) 2002-07-02

Family

ID=23463945

Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08371425 Expired - Lifetime US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1995-01-11 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US08920044 Expired - Lifetime US6408307B1 (en) 1995-01-11 1997-08-28 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US09816626 Expired - Lifetime US6385622B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US09816829 Expired - Lifetime US6415291B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US10186537 Expired - Fee Related US8296335B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2002-07-01 Method for advertising information

Family Applications Before (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US08371425 Expired - Lifetime US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1995-01-11 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US08920044 Expired - Lifetime US6408307B1 (en) 1995-01-11 1997-08-28 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US09816626 Expired - Lifetime US6385622B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2001-03-23 System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US10186537 Expired - Fee Related US8296335B2 (en) 1995-01-11 2002-07-01 Method for advertising information

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (5) US5682525A (en)

Cited By (84)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020091587A1 (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-11 Frank Kenna Electronic communication display system
US20020174117A1 (en) * 2001-05-15 2002-11-21 Petri Nykanen Mobile web services
US20020174021A1 (en) * 2001-05-15 2002-11-21 International Business Machines Corporation Optimized shopping list process
US20030004817A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2003-01-02 Conoco Inc Visual database for linking geography to seismic data
US20030069029A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2003-04-10 Dowling Eric Morgan Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US20030225510A1 (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-04 Pioneer Corporation Navigation apparatus, facility information searching method, program thereof, and a recording medium with the program recorded therein
US6728708B1 (en) * 2000-06-26 2004-04-27 Datria Systems, Inc. Relational and spatial database management system and method for applications having speech controlled data input displayable in a form and a map having spatial and non-spatial data
US20040162669A1 (en) * 2003-02-18 2004-08-19 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Method of controlling display of point information on map
US6792395B2 (en) * 2000-08-22 2004-09-14 Eye On Solutions, Llc Remote detection, monitoring and information management system
US6807480B1 (en) * 1999-08-06 2004-10-19 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation system and a memory medium
US20040260604A1 (en) * 2001-12-27 2004-12-23 Bedingfield James C. Methods and systems for location-based yellow page services
US20050024204A1 (en) * 2003-07-31 2005-02-03 Germaine Robert Alan Method and system for analyzing the security of a facility
US20050060241A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-03-17 Charles Williams Vehicle information voicemail system and method thereof
US6925380B1 (en) * 2002-10-30 2005-08-02 Acuere Technologies Corporation Navigation control system
US20050195219A1 (en) * 1998-01-29 2005-09-08 Sony Corporation Information displaying system, information providing apparatus, and information providing method
US20050251331A1 (en) * 2004-04-20 2005-11-10 Keith Kreft Information mapping approaches
US20050278386A1 (en) * 2004-06-15 2005-12-15 Geographic Data Technology, Inc. Geospatial information system and method for updating same
US20050288758A1 (en) * 2003-08-08 2005-12-29 Jones Timothy S Methods and apparatuses for implanting and removing an electrical stimulation lead
US20060026046A1 (en) * 2004-07-29 2006-02-02 Nir Yaron Method for affording preferential status to selected suppliers each in a respective service industry category
US7024211B1 (en) * 2001-12-26 2006-04-04 Bellsouth Intellectual Property Corp. System and method for managing text advertisements to mobile subscribers
US20060116800A1 (en) * 1998-12-23 2006-06-01 American Calcar Inc. Technique for effective communications with, and provision of global positioning system (GPS) based advertising information to, automobiles
US7082434B2 (en) 2003-04-17 2006-07-25 Gosselin Gregory P Method, computer useable medium, and system for analyzing media exposure
US20060184534A1 (en) * 2005-02-11 2006-08-17 Villageprofile.Com, Inc. Method and apparatus for publishing a community based directory and of offering associated community based services
US20060206381A1 (en) * 2005-03-12 2006-09-14 Felix Frayman Method and system for creating interactive guides and information exchange services
US20070038362A1 (en) * 2002-03-05 2007-02-15 Triangle Software Llc Traffic routing based on segment travel time
US20070038696A1 (en) * 2001-01-11 2007-02-15 The Marlin Company Secure electronic media distribution and presentation system
US20070106455A1 (en) * 2005-11-10 2007-05-10 Gil Fuchs Method and system for creating universal location referencing objects
US7219074B2 (en) * 2001-05-14 2007-05-15 International Business Machines Corporation System and method for obtaining items at a traveler's destination
US20070143297A1 (en) * 2005-12-15 2007-06-21 Recio Renato J Extended digital information retrieval for wireless devices
US20070156332A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-07-05 Yahoo! Inc. Method and system for navigating a map
US7249100B2 (en) * 2001-05-15 2007-07-24 Nokia Corporation Service discovery access to user location
US20070208616A1 (en) * 2006-03-01 2007-09-06 Choi Michael M Method, system, and apparatus for advertising
US20070219858A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Seymour Jonathan C System and method for advertising and selling products and services over a decentralized network
US20070219857A1 (en) * 2006-03-14 2007-09-20 Seymour Jonathan C System and method for advertising and selling products and services over a decentralized network
US20070260628A1 (en) * 2006-05-02 2007-11-08 Tele Atlas North America, Inc. System and method for providing a virtual database environment and generating digital map information
US20070265734A1 (en) * 2006-04-07 2007-11-15 Clark Christopher M Traffic information system
US20080051994A1 (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-02-28 Microsoft Corporation Representation and display of geographical popularity data
US20080086264A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Microsoft Corporation Popularity based geographical navigation
WO2008042246A1 (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-10 The Dun And Bradstreet Corporation Process and system for the automated collection of business information directly from a business entity's accounting system
US20080104530A1 (en) * 2006-10-31 2008-05-01 Microsoft Corporation Senseweb
US20080125968A1 (en) * 2006-11-27 2008-05-29 Thomas Michael Bradicich Apparatus, system, and method for autonomously determining a set of destinations
US7388519B1 (en) 2003-07-22 2008-06-17 Kreft Keith A Displaying points of interest with qualitative information
US20080162166A1 (en) * 2006-12-30 2008-07-03 Sandra Naroian System for simply and directly providing local information based solely on zip code information
US20080168074A1 (en) * 2005-01-21 2008-07-10 Yuichi Inagaki Data Transfer Device, Data Transfer Method, and Data Transfer Program
US20080168369A1 (en) * 2006-12-27 2008-07-10 Re Infolink A California Corporation Methods and Systems of Online Mapping and Planning Driving Tours
US20080186209A1 (en) * 2007-02-07 2008-08-07 Chien-Yang Chang Method of Providing Related Information of a Remote Location on a Guiding System in a Real-Time Manner
US20080243799A1 (en) * 2007-03-30 2008-10-02 Innography, Inc. System and method of generating a set of search results
US20090012942A1 (en) * 2007-07-03 2009-01-08 Mars Incorporated In-store petcare information and advisory center
US20090112473A1 (en) * 2007-10-31 2009-04-30 Hung Sung Lu Method for providing location and promotional information associated with a building complex
US20090119417A1 (en) * 2000-10-27 2009-05-07 Rpx-Nw Acquisition Llc Federated multiprotocol communication
US20090234817A1 (en) * 2008-03-11 2009-09-17 Harald Kortge Method for Generating An Electronic Address Database, Method For Searching An Electronic Address Database And Navigation Device With An Electronic Address Database
US20090292464A1 (en) * 2008-05-23 2009-11-26 Tele Atlas North America, Inc. System and method for providing geographic markers on electronic objects and real-world objects
US20100017275A1 (en) * 2008-06-26 2010-01-21 Mark Carlson Mobile communication device configured for transit application
US20100023388A1 (en) * 2000-02-29 2010-01-28 Blumberg Brad W Mobile location aware search engine and method of providing content for same
US20100042316A1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-02-18 Thales Device and method for assisting in the choice of rerouting airports
US20100057337A1 (en) * 2008-09-02 2010-03-04 Tele Atlas North America, Inc. System and method for providing digital map, routing, or navigation information with need-based routing
US20100070487A1 (en) * 2008-09-12 2010-03-18 Fetsch Andrew F Real Estate Locator with Real-Time Updated Result Indicator
USRE41174E1 (en) * 1995-12-22 2010-03-30 Sony Corporation Information retrieval apparatus and method
US20100094548A1 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-04-15 Tadman Frank P Methods and systems of advanced real estate searching
US20100114407A1 (en) * 2008-10-31 2010-05-06 Joel Kenneth Klooster Methods and system for time of arrival control using available speed authority
US20100131367A1 (en) * 2008-11-21 2010-05-27 Ebay Inc. Systems and methods to search with a mobile device
US7856508B2 (en) 2000-10-27 2010-12-21 Rpx-Nw Acquisition Llc Accessing vended products or services using a wireless device
US20100332339A1 (en) * 2009-06-30 2010-12-30 Ebay Inc. System and method for location based mobile commerce
US20110029381A1 (en) * 1999-11-17 2011-02-03 Heavy Hammer, Inc. Method, system, and software for geographically focused network advertising
US8103745B2 (en) 2000-10-27 2012-01-24 Rpx Corporation Negotiated wireless peripheral security systems
US20120150653A1 (en) * 1999-04-19 2012-06-14 Enpulz, Llc System for Online Sales With Automatic Rebate and Coupon Redemption
US8373582B2 (en) * 1998-01-27 2013-02-12 Steven M. Hoffberg Adaptive pattern recognition based controller apparatus and method and human-factored interface therefore
US8385964B2 (en) 2005-04-04 2013-02-26 Xone, Inc. Methods and apparatuses for geospatial-based sharing of information by multiple devices
US8516527B2 (en) 2001-01-11 2013-08-20 The Marlin Company Electronic media communication system with a displayed code
US8583352B2 (en) 2010-11-22 2013-11-12 Ge Aviation Systems, Llc Method and system for hold path computation to meet required hold departure time
US8619072B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2013-12-31 Triangle Software Llc Controlling a three-dimensional virtual broadcast presentation
US8660780B2 (en) 2003-07-25 2014-02-25 Pelmorex Canada Inc. System and method for delivering departure notifications
US8718910B2 (en) 2010-11-14 2014-05-06 Pelmorex Canada Inc. Crowd sourced traffic reporting
US8725396B2 (en) 2011-05-18 2014-05-13 Pelmorex Canada Inc. System for providing traffic data and driving efficiency data
US8781718B2 (en) 2012-01-27 2014-07-15 Pelmorex Canada Inc. Estimating time travel distributions on signalized arterials
US8959084B2 (en) 2005-07-13 2015-02-17 Google Inc. Identifying locations
US8982116B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2015-03-17 Pelmorex Canada Inc. Touch screen based interaction with traffic data
US8994591B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-03-31 Tracbeam Llc Locating a mobile station and applications therefor
US9002371B1 (en) 2000-02-29 2015-04-07 Smarter Agent, Llc Position-based information access device and method of searching
US9046924B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2015-06-02 Pelmorex Canada Inc. Gesture based interaction with traffic data
US9060341B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-06-16 Tracbeam, Llc System and method for hybriding wireless location techniques
US9134398B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-09-15 Tracbeam Llc Wireless location using network centric location estimators
US9538493B2 (en) 2010-08-23 2017-01-03 Finetrak, Llc Locating a mobile station and applications therefor
US9875492B2 (en) 2001-05-22 2018-01-23 Dennis J. Dupray Real estate transaction system

Families Citing this family (469)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8793738B2 (en) 1994-05-04 2014-07-29 Starsight Telecast Incorporated Television system with downloadable features
US7904187B2 (en) 1999-02-01 2011-03-08 Hoffberg Steven M Internet appliance system and method
US8352400B2 (en) 1991-12-23 2013-01-08 Hoffberg Steven M Adaptive pattern recognition based controller apparatus and method and human-factored interface therefore
US6385312B1 (en) 1993-02-22 2002-05-07 Murex Securities, Ltd. Automatic routing and information system for telephonic services
US20060284767A1 (en) * 1995-11-14 2006-12-21 Taylor William M F GPS explorer
US6769128B1 (en) 1995-06-07 2004-07-27 United Video Properties, Inc. Electronic television program guide schedule system and method with data feed access
US5841978A (en) * 1993-11-18 1998-11-24 Digimarc Corporation Network linking method using steganographically embedded data objects
US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1997-10-28 Civix Corporation System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
JP3518049B2 (en) * 1995-05-12 2004-04-12 ソニー株式会社 Information and communication system
US8606851B2 (en) 1995-06-06 2013-12-10 Wayport, Inc. Method and apparatus for geographic-based communications service
US5835061A (en) * 1995-06-06 1998-11-10 Wayport, Inc. Method and apparatus for geographic-based communications service
JP3176260B2 (en) 1995-07-26 2001-06-11 キヤノン株式会社 Navigation device using a wireless communication device
GB9516762D0 (en) * 1995-08-16 1995-10-18 Phelan Sean P Computer system for identifying local resources
GB9517806D0 (en) * 1995-08-31 1995-11-01 Philips Electronics Uk Ltd Information handling for interactive apparatus
US5819285A (en) * 1995-09-20 1998-10-06 Infonautics Corporation Apparatus for capturing, storing and processing co-marketing information associated with a user of an on-line computer service using the world-wide-web.
US6323911B1 (en) 1995-10-02 2001-11-27 Starsight Telecast, Inc. System and method for using television schedule information
US6388714B1 (en) 1995-10-02 2002-05-14 Starsight Telecast Inc Interactive computer system for providing television schedule information
US6732369B1 (en) 1995-10-02 2004-05-04 Starsight Telecast, Inc. Systems and methods for contextually linking television program information
US8850477B2 (en) 1995-10-02 2014-09-30 Starsight Telecast, Inc. Systems and methods for linking television viewers with advertisers and broadcasters
JPH09114851A (en) * 1995-10-20 1997-05-02 Fuji Xerox Co Ltd Information managing device
EP0779498B1 (en) * 1995-11-30 2003-11-05 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation device
US5778367A (en) 1995-12-14 1998-07-07 Network Engineering Software, Inc. Automated on-line information service and directory, particularly for the world wide web
EP0788084B1 (en) * 1996-02-01 2004-04-21 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation system for vehicles and waypoint entering and storage method
US6577714B1 (en) * 1996-03-11 2003-06-10 At&T Corp. Map-based directory system
US6650998B1 (en) 1996-03-11 2003-11-18 At&T Corp. Information Search System for enabling a user of a user terminal to search a data source
US5940073A (en) 1996-05-03 1999-08-17 Starsight Telecast Inc. Method and system for displaying other information in a TV program guide
US6945457B1 (en) * 1996-05-10 2005-09-20 Transaction Holdings Ltd. L.L.C. Automated transaction machine
US5901214A (en) 1996-06-10 1999-05-04 Murex Securities, Ltd. One number intelligent call processing system
US6437758B1 (en) * 1996-06-25 2002-08-20 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for eyetrack—mediated downloading
US6006229A (en) * 1996-08-19 1999-12-21 Extended Systems, Inc. Xbase transaction processing system
US6597983B2 (en) * 1996-08-22 2003-07-22 Wgrs Licensing Company, Llc Geographic location multiple listing service identifier and method of assigning and using the same
US20040139049A1 (en) 1996-08-22 2004-07-15 Wgrs Licensing Company, Llc Unified geographic database and method of creating, maintaining and using the same
US5839088A (en) * 1996-08-22 1998-11-17 Go2 Software, Inc. Geographic location referencing system and method
US6609062B2 (en) * 1996-08-22 2003-08-19 Wgrs Licensing Company, Llc Nesting grid structure for a geographic referencing system and method of creating and using the same
US6108637A (en) 1996-09-03 2000-08-22 Nielsen Media Research, Inc. Content display monitor
US6411899B2 (en) 1996-10-24 2002-06-25 Trimble Navigation Ltd. Position based personal digital assistant
US5938721A (en) * 1996-10-24 1999-08-17 Trimble Navigation Limited Position based personal digital assistant
US5944769A (en) * 1996-11-08 1999-08-31 Zip2 Corporation Interactive network directory service with integrated maps and directions
US5931901A (en) * 1996-12-09 1999-08-03 Robert L. Wolfe Programmed music on demand from the internet
US20030066085A1 (en) 1996-12-10 2003-04-03 United Video Properties, Inc., A Corporation Of Delaware Internet television program guide system
DE69838967T2 (en) * 1997-02-07 2008-05-08 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Network system for information supply of mobile terminal
US6098065A (en) * 1997-02-13 2000-08-01 Nortel Networks Corporation Associative search engine
US5796952A (en) * 1997-03-21 1998-08-18 Dot Com Development, Inc. Method and apparatus for tracking client interaction with a network resource and creating client profiles and resource database
US6643696B2 (en) * 1997-03-21 2003-11-04 Owen Davis Method and apparatus for tracking client interaction with a network resource and creating client profiles and resource database
US6011495A (en) * 1997-04-03 2000-01-04 Silitek Corporation Multimedia keyboard structure
US6611358B1 (en) * 1997-06-17 2003-08-26 Lucent Technologies Inc. Document transcoding system and method for mobile stations and wireless infrastructure employing the same
US6148261A (en) 1997-06-20 2000-11-14 American Calcar, Inc. Personal communication system to send and receive voice data positioning information
WO1998059506A3 (en) * 1997-06-23 1999-03-25 Telia Ab Improvements in or relating to information distribution
US5893093A (en) * 1997-07-02 1999-04-06 The Sabre Group, Inc. Information search and retrieval with geographical coordinates
US6055512A (en) * 1997-07-08 2000-04-25 Nortel Networks Corporation Networked personal customized information and facility services
WO1999004561A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-01-28 E-Guide, Inc. Systems and methods for displaying and recording control interfaces
JP3731980B2 (en) * 1997-08-20 2006-01-05 富士通株式会社 Computer network system and a portable computer
JPH1165436A (en) * 1997-08-21 1999-03-05 Toyota Motor Corp Data selection support device, and map data processing system and processor including same support device
CA2302250C (en) 1997-09-18 2008-02-05 United Video Properties, Inc. Electronic-mail reminder for an internet television program guide
DE19742054A1 (en) * 1997-09-24 1999-04-01 Philips Patentverwaltung Input system for at least location and / or street names
US20060193278A1 (en) 1997-10-15 2006-08-31 Wolfgang Theimer Mobile telephone for Internet applications
US6898591B1 (en) * 1997-11-05 2005-05-24 Billy Gayle Moon Method and apparatus for server responding to query to obtain information from second database wherein the server parses information to eliminate irrelevant information in updating databases
US5990886A (en) * 1997-12-01 1999-11-23 Microsoft Corporation Graphically creating e-mail distribution lists with geographic area selector on map
US6230204B1 (en) 1997-12-19 2001-05-08 Micron Electronics, Inc. Method and system for estimating usage of computer resources
US7167711B1 (en) 1997-12-23 2007-01-23 Openwave Systems Inc. System and method for controlling financial transactions over a wireless network
US6154172A (en) * 1998-03-31 2000-11-28 Piccionelli; Gregory A. System and process for limiting distribution of information on a communication network based on geographic location
US7792297B1 (en) * 1998-03-31 2010-09-07 Piccionelli Greg A System and process for limiting distribution of information on a communication network based on geographic location
JP3514626B2 (en) * 1998-04-14 2004-03-31 インクリメント・ピー株式会社 Route information providing system and www server used in it, as well as route information providing method and www servers used therefor
US6216130B1 (en) * 1998-04-24 2001-04-10 Ingeo Acquisitions, Inc. Geographic-based information technology management system
US7035943B2 (en) 1998-05-29 2006-04-25 Yahoo! Inc. Web server content replication
US7143193B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2006-11-28 Yahoo! Inc. Content collection
US6976093B2 (en) 1998-05-29 2005-12-13 Yahoo! Inc. Web server content replication
US7581006B1 (en) 1998-05-29 2009-08-25 Yahoo! Inc. Web service
JP3041602B2 (en) * 1998-06-05 2000-05-15 セイコーインスツルメンツ株式会社 Display method for an electronic watch and electronic clock
US20020002039A1 (en) 1998-06-12 2002-01-03 Safi Qureshey Network-enabled audio device
CN1867068A (en) 1998-07-14 2006-11-22 联合视频制品公司 Client-server based interactive television program guide system with remote server recording
US6539080B1 (en) 1998-07-14 2003-03-25 Ameritech Corporation Method and system for providing quick directions
US6160509A (en) * 1998-07-16 2000-12-12 Analytical Graphics, Inc. Method and apparatus for alerting a user regarding the position of a satellite
US8046801B2 (en) 1998-07-17 2011-10-25 United Video Properties, Inc. Interactive television program guide with remote access
US6898762B2 (en) 1998-08-21 2005-05-24 United Video Properties, Inc. Client-server electronic program guide
JP2000194726A (en) * 1998-10-19 2000-07-14 Sony Corp Device, method and system for processing information and providing medium
US6701307B2 (en) * 1998-10-28 2004-03-02 Microsoft Corporation Method and apparatus of expanding web searching capabilities
US6134557A (en) 1998-11-20 2000-10-17 Matlink, Inc. Materials and supplies ordering system
JP3036696B1 (en) * 1998-11-27 2000-04-24 恭平 村山 A navigation system, method, and a recording medium recording the program
US6865746B1 (en) 1998-12-03 2005-03-08 United Video Properties, Inc. Electronic program guide with related-program search feature
US6360167B1 (en) 1999-01-29 2002-03-19 Magellan Dis, Inc. Vehicle navigation system with location-based multi-media annotation
US6282540B1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2001-08-28 Vicinity Corporation Method and apparatus for efficient proximity searching
US6795536B1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2004-09-21 Mitel, Inc. Automatic user preference selection for message playback based on caller line identification data
US6317718B1 (en) * 1999-02-26 2001-11-13 Accenture Properties (2) B.V. System, method and article of manufacture for location-based filtering for shopping agent in the physical world
US6498955B1 (en) 1999-03-19 2002-12-24 Accenture Llp Member preference control of an environment
CA2304293A1 (en) * 1999-04-09 2000-10-09 Bob Bornhofen Method and system for the issuance of instant credit
US7797193B1 (en) * 1999-06-10 2010-09-14 Simplexity, Llc Systems and methods for distributing telecommunication services via a network
US8065155B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2011-11-22 Gazdzinski Robert F Adaptive advertising apparatus and methods
US6983313B1 (en) * 1999-06-10 2006-01-03 Nokia Corporation Collaborative location server/system
US7076447B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2006-07-11 Inphonic, Inc. Systems and methods for aggregating buyers for the purchase of telecommunication services via a network
US6691282B1 (en) * 1999-06-22 2004-02-10 Nortel Networks Limited Method and apparatus for displaying and navigating containment hierarchies
US20020087408A1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2002-07-04 Burnett Jonathan Robert System for providing information to intending consumers
WO2001001291A1 (en) * 1999-06-25 2001-01-04 Jonathan Robert Burnett System for providing information to intending consumers
US6615247B1 (en) 1999-07-01 2003-09-02 Micron Technology, Inc. System and method for customizing requested web page based on information such as previous location visited by customer and search term used by customer
US7236969B1 (en) 1999-07-08 2007-06-26 Nortel Networks Limited Associative search engine
US8397177B2 (en) * 1999-07-22 2013-03-12 Tavusi Data Solutions Llc Graphic-information flow method and system for visually analyzing patterns and relationships
US8843850B2 (en) * 1999-07-22 2014-09-23 Tavusi Data Solutions Llc Graphic-information flow for visually analyzing patterns and relationships
US6307573B1 (en) * 1999-07-22 2001-10-23 Barbara L. Barros Graphic-information flow method and system for visually analyzing patterns and relationships
US7010567B1 (en) 2000-06-07 2006-03-07 Alpine Electronic, Inc. Map-data distribution method, and map-data distribution server and client
US7729944B1 (en) 1999-09-03 2010-06-01 Simplexity, Llc System and methods for buying and selling telecommunication services via a network
WO2001020941A1 (en) * 1999-09-10 2001-03-22 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Mobile communication system enabling location associated messages
EP1085432B1 (en) * 1999-09-20 2008-12-03 NCR International, Inc. Information retrieval and display
US20040102197A1 (en) * 1999-09-30 2004-05-27 Dietz Timothy Alan Dynamic web page construction based on determination of client device location
US6353398B1 (en) * 1999-10-22 2002-03-05 Himanshu S. Amin System for dynamically pushing information to a user utilizing global positioning system
WO2001031593A1 (en) * 1999-10-27 2001-05-03 Imaging Technologies Pty Limited Electronic commerce delivery system
US7003560B1 (en) 1999-11-03 2006-02-21 Accenture Llp Data warehouse computing system
EP1226697B1 (en) * 1999-11-03 2010-09-22 Wayport, Inc. Distributed network communication system which enables multiple network providers to use a common distributed network infrastructure
US6978475B1 (en) 1999-11-24 2005-12-20 Ecable, Llc Method and apparatus for internet TV
US6283985B1 (en) 1999-12-01 2001-09-04 Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. Reforming wet-tantalum capacitors in implantable defibrillators and other medical devices
US6706059B2 (en) 1999-12-01 2004-03-16 Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. Reforming wet-tantalum capacitors in implantable medical devices
US20020124255A1 (en) 1999-12-10 2002-09-05 United Video Properties, Inc. Systems and methods for coordinating interactive and passive advertisement and merchandising opportunities
US6829583B1 (en) 1999-12-20 2004-12-07 International Business Machines Corporation Method and apparatus to determine mean time to service
US20010032127A1 (en) * 1999-12-23 2001-10-18 Lennox Lewis Mobile display system and method
JP2003523565A (en) 1999-12-29 2003-08-05 グローリキアン,ハリー・エイ Internet system to connect a client of travelers to geographically related data
US7610597B1 (en) 2000-01-08 2009-10-27 Lightningcast, Inc. Process for providing targeted user content blended with a media stream
JP5072160B2 (en) 2000-01-12 2012-11-14 ネットレイティングス・インコーポレーティッド The system and method to estimate the spread of digital content of the World Wide Web
WO2001054021A1 (en) * 2000-01-18 2001-07-26 Richard Liming System and method providing a spatial location context
US20020010000A1 (en) * 2000-01-25 2002-01-24 Vincent Chern Knowledge-based information retrieval system and method for wireless communication device
US7023572B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2006-04-04 Raja Singh Tuli Portable high speed internet access device
US7289244B2 (en) 2000-02-02 2007-10-30 Raja Singh Tuli Portable high speed internet access device
US7068381B1 (en) 2000-02-02 2006-06-27 Raja Tuli Portable high speed internet access device
US6633314B1 (en) * 2000-02-02 2003-10-14 Raja Tuli Portable high speed internet device integrating cellular telephone and palm top computer
JP2001216320A (en) * 2000-02-03 2001-08-10 Forseti Llc Retrieval system for service providing area internet
US6941382B1 (en) 2000-02-07 2005-09-06 Raja Tuli Portable high speed internet or desktop device
JP2001222482A (en) * 2000-02-09 2001-08-17 Nec Infrontia Corp Pos system
US7058903B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2006-06-06 Sony Corporation Image database jog/shuttle search
US7262778B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2007-08-28 Sony Corporation Automatic color adjustment of a template design
US8407595B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2013-03-26 Sony Corporation Imaging service for automating the display of images
US7136528B2 (en) 2000-02-11 2006-11-14 Sony Corporation System and method for editing digital images
US7810037B1 (en) 2000-02-11 2010-10-05 Sony Corporation Online story collaboration
US20020169790A1 (en) * 2000-10-24 2002-11-14 Lee Jong Myung Kiosk system centrally controlled through internet
US6874009B1 (en) 2000-02-16 2005-03-29 Raja Tuli Portable high speed internet device with user fees
US6899539B1 (en) 2000-02-17 2005-05-31 Exponent, Inc. Infantry wearable information and weapon system
US20020013782A1 (en) * 2000-02-18 2002-01-31 Daniel Ostroff Software program for internet information retrieval, analysis and presentation
GB2360106B (en) 2000-02-21 2004-09-22 Ac Properties Bv Ordering playable works
US7487114B2 (en) * 2000-10-23 2009-02-03 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for associating aerial images, map features, and information
US6871140B1 (en) 2000-02-25 2005-03-22 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for collection, distribution, and use of information in connection with commercial real estate
US20090132316A1 (en) * 2000-10-23 2009-05-21 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for associating aerial images, map features, and information
US7174301B2 (en) * 2000-10-23 2007-02-06 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for accessing geographic-based data
US7640204B2 (en) 2000-10-23 2009-12-29 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for collection, distribution, and use of information in connection with commercial real estate
US7076452B2 (en) * 2000-10-23 2006-07-11 Costar Group, Inc. System and method for collection, distribution, and use of information in connection with commercial real estate
US6675165B1 (en) * 2000-02-28 2004-01-06 Barpoint.Com, Inc. Method for linking a billboard or signage to information on a global computer network through manual information input or a global positioning system
US7457628B2 (en) * 2000-02-29 2008-11-25 Smarter Agent, Llc System and method for providing information based on geographic position
CA2402047A1 (en) * 2000-03-03 2001-09-07 Super Internet Site System Pty Ltd. On-line geographical directory
NL1014575C2 (en) * 2000-03-07 2001-09-10 R & Data B V A method for combining address data and topographical data.
US6587782B1 (en) 2000-03-14 2003-07-01 Navigation Technologies Corp. Method and system for providing reminders about points of interests while traveling
US7136915B2 (en) * 2000-03-14 2006-11-14 Rieger Iii Charles J System for communicating through maps
US6654800B1 (en) 2000-03-14 2003-11-25 Rieger, Iii Charles J. System for communicating through maps
CN1286059C (en) * 2000-03-21 2006-11-22 仁荷大学 Advertisement providing system by using wireless Internet and method thereof
WO2001071622A1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2001-09-27 Rittmaster Ted R System and process for distribution of information on a communication network
CA2403716A1 (en) * 2000-03-22 2001-09-27 Arac Management Services, Inc. Apparatus and methods for interactive rental information retrieval and management
US7187947B1 (en) 2000-03-28 2007-03-06 Affinity Labs, Llc System and method for communicating selected information to an electronic device
US7038681B2 (en) * 2000-03-29 2006-05-02 Sourceprose Corporation System and method for georeferencing maps
US7148898B1 (en) 2000-03-29 2006-12-12 Sourceprose Corporation System and method for synchronizing raster and vector map images
US20010033292A1 (en) * 2000-03-29 2001-10-25 Scott Dan Martin System and method for georeferencing digital raster maps
WO2001075728A1 (en) * 2000-03-30 2001-10-11 I411, Inc. Methods and systems for enabling efficient retrieval of data from data collections
US7076255B2 (en) * 2000-04-05 2006-07-11 Microsoft Corporation Context-aware and location-aware cellular phones and methods
US7213048B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2007-05-01 Microsoft Corporation Context aware computing devices and methods
GB0008908D0 (en) * 2000-04-11 2000-05-31 Hewlett Packard Co Shopping assistance service
US7136821B1 (en) 2000-04-18 2006-11-14 Neat Group Corporation Method and apparatus for the composition and sale of travel-oriented packages
CA2407419C (en) * 2000-04-25 2010-01-19 Captivate Network, Inc. Information portal
GB2366051B (en) * 2000-05-02 2005-01-05 Ibm Method, system and program product for private data access or use based on related public data
US7475404B2 (en) 2000-05-18 2009-01-06 Maquis Techtrix Llc System and method for implementing click-through for browser executed software including ad proxy and proxy cookie caching
US6882313B1 (en) * 2000-06-21 2005-04-19 At Road, Inc. Dual platform location-relevant service
JP3514704B2 (en) * 2000-06-28 2004-03-31 株式会社昭文社 Server that provides map information distribution system, the method of delivery map information, the server and services to deliver the map information
US20050119980A1 (en) * 2000-06-29 2005-06-02 Neat Group Corporation Electronic negotiation systems
US7039630B2 (en) * 2000-07-27 2006-05-02 Nec Corporation Information search/presentation system
CA2316417A1 (en) * 2000-08-18 2002-02-18 Jean-Sebastien Lessard Location bookmarks method and system
US7356570B1 (en) 2000-08-29 2008-04-08 Raja Tuli Portable high speed communication device
US7292678B2 (en) * 2000-08-31 2007-11-06 Lamson Holdings Llc Voice activated, voice responsive product locator system, including product location method utilizing product bar code and aisle-situated, aisle-identifying bar code
US6985929B1 (en) * 2000-08-31 2006-01-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Distributed object-oriented geospatial information distribution system and method thereof
US6813341B1 (en) 2000-08-31 2004-11-02 Ivoice, Inc. Voice activated/voice responsive item locator
KR20000072482A (en) * 2000-09-06 2000-12-05 이재학 Internet searching system to be easy by user and method thereof
US7613917B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2009-11-03 Navteq North America, Llc Method and system for mass distribution of geographic data for navigation systems
US6768942B1 (en) * 2000-09-18 2004-07-27 Navigation Technologies Corp. Navigation system with decryption functions and secure geographic database
US6810323B1 (en) 2000-09-25 2004-10-26 Motorola, Inc. System and method for storing and using information associated with geographic locations of interest to a mobile user
US20020147790A1 (en) * 2000-09-29 2002-10-10 Snow Andrew J. System for presenting designated websites or content to specified users
US6842777B1 (en) 2000-10-03 2005-01-11 Raja Singh Tuli Methods and apparatuses for simultaneous access by multiple remote devices
US7191211B2 (en) 2000-10-03 2007-03-13 Raja Tuli Portable high speed internet access device priority protocol
US7233942B2 (en) * 2000-10-10 2007-06-19 Truelocal Inc. Method and apparatus for providing geographically authenticated electronic documents
CN100397899C (en) 2000-10-11 2008-06-25 联合视频制品公司 System and methods for providing storage of data on servers in on-demand media delivery system
US6915327B1 (en) 2000-10-30 2005-07-05 Raja Singh Tuli Portable high speed communication device peripheral connectivity
US7376640B1 (en) * 2000-11-14 2008-05-20 At&T Delaware Intellectual Property, Inc. Method and system for searching an information retrieval system according to user-specified location information
US20020073331A1 (en) * 2000-12-08 2002-06-13 Brant Candelore Interacting automatically with a personal service device to customize services
US6986463B2 (en) 2000-12-11 2006-01-17 Sony Corporation Method and system of broadcasting item location
US6944679B2 (en) * 2000-12-22 2005-09-13 Microsoft Corp. Context-aware systems and methods, location-aware systems and methods, context-aware vehicles and methods of operating the same, and location-aware vehicles and methods of operating the same
DE60134210D1 (en) * 2000-12-27 2008-07-10 Fujifilm Corp System and method for information notification
US7685224B2 (en) * 2001-01-11 2010-03-23 Truelocal Inc. Method for providing an attribute bounded network of computers
US6885860B2 (en) * 2001-01-19 2005-04-26 Microsoft Corporation Information management and processing in a wireless network
US6983270B2 (en) 2001-01-24 2006-01-03 Andreas Rippich Method and apparatus for displaying database search results
US6928461B2 (en) 2001-01-24 2005-08-09 Raja Singh Tuli Portable high speed internet access device with encryption
US20020103874A1 (en) * 2001-01-26 2002-08-01 Christopher Woods Visual information organization and communication
JP2002230017A (en) * 2001-02-05 2002-08-16 Hitachi Ltd Device and method for supplying data
WO2002067449A8 (en) * 2001-02-20 2004-11-11 Michael D Ellis Modular personal network systems and methods
US6952559B2 (en) * 2001-02-26 2005-10-04 International Business Machines Corporation Digital radio ad enhancements
WO2002069662A1 (en) * 2001-02-27 2002-09-06 Pollen Mobile Limited Communication system and method for location determination
US6611751B2 (en) 2001-03-23 2003-08-26 981455 Alberta Ltd. Method and apparatus for providing location based data services
EP1244016A1 (en) * 2001-03-23 2002-09-25 Hewlett-Packard Company User access pattern tracking of computer resources
US7072908B2 (en) * 2001-03-26 2006-07-04 Microsoft Corporation Methods and systems for synchronizing visualizations with audio streams
US7698228B2 (en) * 2001-04-27 2010-04-13 Accenture Llp Tracking purchases in a location-based services system
JP4917212B2 (en) * 2001-04-27 2012-04-18 古野電気株式会社 Network system of marine equipment
US6848542B2 (en) 2001-04-27 2005-02-01 Accenture Llp Method for passive mining of usage information in a location-based services system
US7970648B2 (en) * 2001-04-27 2011-06-28 Accenture Global Services Limited Advertising campaign and business listing management for a location-based services system
US6944447B2 (en) 2001-04-27 2005-09-13 Accenture Llp Location-based services
US7437295B2 (en) * 2001-04-27 2008-10-14 Accenture Llp Natural language processing for a location-based services system
US20020163547A1 (en) * 2001-04-30 2002-11-07 Michael Abramson Interactive electronically presented map
US7244853B2 (en) * 2001-05-09 2007-07-17 President And Fellows Of Harvard College Dioxanes and uses thereof
US7231423B1 (en) * 2001-05-23 2007-06-12 Jens Horstmann Interactive wireless device communication system for meetings and conferences
US6629034B1 (en) * 2001-06-06 2003-09-30 Navigation Technologies Corp. Driving profile method and system
US7089264B1 (en) * 2001-06-22 2006-08-08 Navteq North America, Llc Geographic database organization that facilitates location-based advertising
CA2355959A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2002-12-27 Mapfusion Corp. Spatial business intelligence system
US7548875B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2009-06-16 John Mikkelsen Media delivery platform
DE10132887A1 (en) * 2001-07-06 2003-01-16 Bosch Gmbh Robert System and method for navigating a means of locomotion
US20030014297A1 (en) * 2001-07-10 2003-01-16 International Business Machines Corporation Automated location-based disruption recovery and surrogate selection service
US7333820B2 (en) * 2001-07-17 2008-02-19 Networks In Motion, Inc. System and method for providing routing, mapping, and relative position information to users of a communication network
US20030017697A1 (en) * 2001-07-19 2003-01-23 Kyung-In Choi Methods of forming metal layers using metallic precursors
US6583716B2 (en) * 2001-08-15 2003-06-24 Motorola, Inc. System and method for providing location-relevant services using stored location information
US20030035518A1 (en) * 2001-08-16 2003-02-20 Fan Rodric C. Voice interaction for location-relevant mobile resource management
US20040201682A1 (en) * 2001-08-22 2004-10-14 Lou Chauvin System, method and software product for allowing a consumer to order image products over a communication network from a plurality of different providers
US8688764B2 (en) * 2001-08-22 2014-04-01 Intellectual Ventures Fund 83 Llc System, method and software product for ordering image products using images stored on a digital storage device from a plurality of order terminals
JP2003067379A (en) * 2001-08-24 2003-03-07 Sony Corp Processor and method for processing information, program storage medium, and program
WO2003033998A1 (en) * 2001-10-16 2003-04-24 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Terminal apparatus
EP1441196B1 (en) * 2001-11-02 2011-01-12 Panasonic Corporation Terminal apparatus
US6545637B1 (en) 2001-12-20 2003-04-08 Garmin, Ltd. Systems and methods for a navigational device with improved route calculation capabilities
US6892135B1 (en) 2001-12-21 2005-05-10 Garmin Ltd. Navigation system, method and device with automatic next turn page
US7277794B1 (en) 2001-12-21 2007-10-02 Garmin Ltd. Guidance with feature accounting for insignificant roads
US6847890B1 (en) 2001-12-21 2005-01-25 Garmin Ltd. Guidance with feature accounting for insignificant roads
JP2003208508A (en) * 2002-01-17 2003-07-25 Fujitsu Ltd Movable range arithmetic operation method and marketing support method
US8571989B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-10-29 Square, Inc. Decoding systems with a decoding engine running on a mobile device and coupled to a social network
US9286635B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-03-15 Square, Inc. Method of transmitting information from efficient communication protocol card readers to mobile devices
US9324100B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-04-26 Square, Inc. Card reader with asymmetric spring
US9305314B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-04-05 Square, Inc. Methods of transmitting information to mobile devices using cost effective card readers
US7376431B2 (en) * 2002-02-05 2008-05-20 Niedermeyer Brian J Location based fraud reduction system and method
US8701996B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-04-22 Square, Inc. Cost effective card reader and methods to be configured to be coupled to a mobile device
US9495676B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-11-15 Square, Inc. Method of transmitting information from a power efficient card to a mobile device
US9262757B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-02-16 Square, Inc. Method of transmitting information from a card reader with a power supply and wake-up circuit to a mobile device
US9916581B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2018-03-13 Square, Inc. Back end of payment system associated with financial transactions using card readers coupled to mobile devices
US9582795B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2017-02-28 Square, Inc. Methods of transmitting information from efficient encryption card readers to mobile devices
US9495675B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-11-15 Square, Inc. Small card reader configured to be coupled to a mobile device
US8701997B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-04-22 Square, Inc. Decoding systems with a decoding engine running on a mobile device and using financial transaction card information to create a send funds application on the mobile device
US8640953B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-02-04 Square, Inc. Decoding system running on a mobile device and coupled to a payment system that includes at least one of, a user database, a product database and a transaction database
US8678277B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-03-25 Square, Inc. Decoding system coupled to a payment system that includes a cryptographic key
US9224142B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2015-12-29 Square, Inc. Card reader with power efficient architecture that includes a power supply and a wake up circuit
US20120005039A1 (en) 2002-02-05 2012-01-05 Jack Dorsey Method of conducting financial transactions
US8573489B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-11-05 Square, Inc. Decoding systems with a decoding engine running on a mobile device with a touch screen
US8602305B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-12-10 Square, Inc. Decoding systems with a decoding engine running on a mobile device configured to be coupled and decoupled to a card reader with wake-up electronics
US8612352B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-12-17 Square, Inc. Decoding systems with a decoding engine running on a mobile device and coupled to a payment system that includes identifying information of second parties qualified to conduct business with the payment system
US9262777B2 (en) 2002-02-05 2016-02-16 Square, Inc. Card reader with power efficient architecture that includes a wake-up circuit
WO2003069280A1 (en) * 2002-02-13 2003-08-21 Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd Locality information retrieval system
JP2003263255A (en) * 2002-03-11 2003-09-19 Digital Creation Inc Program for performing communication
GB0206703D0 (en) * 2002-03-21 2002-05-01 Infinite Reason Ltd Providing locale-dependent information
CA2380702A1 (en) * 2002-04-05 2003-10-05 Gary Tremblay Method and apparatus for location dependent software applications
US7565155B2 (en) * 2002-04-10 2009-07-21 Networks In Motion Method and system for dynamic estimation and predictive route generation
US7945636B2 (en) * 2002-05-15 2011-05-17 In-Store Broadcasting Network, Llc Providing a multi-tier enterprise level application
US20030216958A1 (en) * 2002-05-15 2003-11-20 Linwood Register System for and method of doing business to provide network-based in-store media broadcasting
EP1363202A1 (en) * 2002-05-17 2003-11-19 Accenture Global Services GmbH Producing an event zone or interactive map for a computerized device
EP1511972B1 (en) * 2002-05-24 2012-09-12 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for inputting local names
US20030225613A1 (en) * 2002-05-28 2003-12-04 Troy Shahoumian Method and system for customizing the content of targeted advertising
US20030229446A1 (en) * 2002-06-06 2003-12-11 Boscamp Robert L. Mobile education and entertainment system, method and device
US20040039612A1 (en) 2002-06-14 2004-02-26 Neil Fitzgerald Method and apparatus for customer direct on-line reservation of rental vehicles
US8108231B2 (en) 2002-06-14 2012-01-31 The Crawford Group, Inc. Method and apparatus for improved customer direct on-line reservation of rental vehicles
US8427303B1 (en) 2002-06-27 2013-04-23 Geomass Limited Liability Company System and method for providing media content having attributes matching a user's stated preference
US7071842B1 (en) 2002-06-27 2006-07-04 Earthcomber, Llc System and method for locating and notifying a user of a person, place or thing having attributes matching the user's stated preferences
US8102253B1 (en) 2002-06-27 2012-01-24 Earthcomber, Llc System and method for notifying a user of people, places or things having attributes matching a user's stated preference
US20040006425A1 (en) * 2002-07-03 2004-01-08 Terragraphix, Inc. System for communicating and associating information with a geographic location
DE10236260A1 (en) * 2002-08-07 2004-02-19 Herpa Miniaturmodelle Gmbh Assignment of a geographical position to two or more locations from a multiplicity of possible locations, whereby location assignments are made using one or more assignment criteria
US7603341B2 (en) 2002-11-05 2009-10-13 Claria Corporation Updating the content of a presentation vehicle in a computer network
US7835858B2 (en) * 2002-11-22 2010-11-16 Traffic.Com, Inc. Method of creating a virtual traffic network
US8176428B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2012-05-08 Datawind Net Access Corporation Portable internet access device back page cache
US20040203896A1 (en) * 2002-12-17 2004-10-14 Yuri Deigin Proximity-based matching method and system
US7472109B2 (en) * 2002-12-30 2008-12-30 International Business Machines Corporation Method for optimization of temporal and spatial data processing
US7493646B2 (en) 2003-01-30 2009-02-17 United Video Properties, Inc. Interactive television systems with digital video recording and adjustable reminders
US20050149507A1 (en) * 2003-02-05 2005-07-07 Nye Timothy G. Systems and methods for identifying an internet resource address
US7570261B1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2009-08-04 Xdyne, Inc. Apparatus and method for creating a virtual three-dimensional environment, and method of generating revenue therefrom
US20050128212A1 (en) * 2003-03-06 2005-06-16 Edecker Ada M. System and method for minimizing the amount of data necessary to create a virtual three-dimensional environment
US7493105B2 (en) 2003-03-18 2009-02-17 Simplexity, Llc Certification and activation of used phones on a wireless carrier network
US7415243B2 (en) 2003-03-27 2008-08-19 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha System, method and computer program product for receiving data from a satellite radio network
US7613687B2 (en) * 2003-05-30 2009-11-03 Truelocal Inc. Systems and methods for enhancing web-based searching
CA2480531C (en) * 2003-09-22 2012-06-12 Tekran Inc. Conditioning system and method for use in the measurement of mercury in gaseous emissions
JP2005106496A (en) * 2003-09-29 2005-04-21 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Navigation system
US7984468B2 (en) 2003-11-06 2011-07-19 United Video Properties, Inc. Systems and methods for providing program suggestions in an interactive television program guide
US20050108024A1 (en) * 2003-11-13 2005-05-19 Fawcett John Jr. Systems and methods for retrieving data
US8170912B2 (en) 2003-11-25 2012-05-01 Carhamm Ltd., Llc Database structure and front end
US8041779B2 (en) 2003-12-15 2011-10-18 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for facilitating the exchange of information between a vehicle and a remote location
US7818380B2 (en) 2003-12-15 2010-10-19 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for broadcasting safety messages to a vehicle
US7427024B1 (en) 2003-12-17 2008-09-23 Gazdzinski Mark J Chattel management apparatus and methods
US20050187823A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-08-25 Howes Jeffrey V. Method and system for geographically-targeted internet advertising
US7319931B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2008-01-15 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Methods for filtering and providing traffic information
US7289904B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2007-10-30 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Vehicle navigation system and methods for incorporating user preferences into same
US7222018B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2007-05-22 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Bandwidth and memory conserving methods for a vehicle navigation system
US7366606B2 (en) 2004-04-06 2008-04-29 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method for refining traffic flow data
JP2007533004A (en) 2004-04-06 2007-11-15 本田技研工業株式会社 Method and system for controlling the exchange of vehicle-related messages of the application information
US8024335B2 (en) 2004-05-03 2011-09-20 Microsoft Corporation System and method for dynamically generating a selectable search extension
US8028323B2 (en) 2004-05-05 2011-09-27 Dryden Enterprises, Llc Method and system for employing a first device to direct a networked audio device to obtain a media item
US7518530B2 (en) 2004-07-19 2009-04-14 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for broadcasting audio and visual display messages to a vehicle
US8255413B2 (en) 2004-08-19 2012-08-28 Carhamm Ltd., Llc Method and apparatus for responding to request for information-personalization
US7643788B2 (en) 2004-09-22 2010-01-05 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for broadcasting data messages to a vehicle
US7251476B2 (en) * 2004-11-01 2007-07-31 Xcellasave, Inc. Method for advertising on digital cellular telephones and reducing costs to the end user
WO2006053181A3 (en) * 2004-11-09 2007-12-27 Anthony L Trujillo Automatic phone number to website linking system and method
US7739038B2 (en) 2004-12-17 2010-06-15 Information Patterns Llc Methods and apparatus for geo-collaboration
US8078602B2 (en) 2004-12-17 2011-12-13 Claria Innovations, Llc Search engine for a computer network
US7693863B2 (en) 2004-12-20 2010-04-06 Claria Corporation Method and device for publishing cross-network user behavioral data
US7177400B2 (en) * 2005-01-19 2007-02-13 Intrado Inc. System and method for providing a map image supplemental to automatic location identification information
US9702713B2 (en) 2005-01-31 2017-07-11 Searete Llc Map-based guide system and method
US8645941B2 (en) 2005-03-07 2014-02-04 Carhamm Ltd., Llc Method for attributing and allocating revenue related to embedded software
US8073866B2 (en) 2005-03-17 2011-12-06 Claria Innovations, Llc Method for providing content to an internet user based on the user's demonstrated content preferences
US8635014B2 (en) * 2005-03-22 2014-01-21 The Invention Science Fund I, Llc Map-based guide system and method
US9188454B2 (en) * 2005-03-22 2015-11-17 Invention Science Fund I, Llc Map-based guide system and method
US7562049B2 (en) 2005-03-29 2009-07-14 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Payment system and method for data broadcasted from a remote location to vehicles
EP1875730A4 (en) * 2005-04-13 2010-07-28 Call Genie Inc Method and system for searching and ranking entries stored in a directory
US20060265388A1 (en) * 2005-05-20 2006-11-23 Woelfel Joseph K Information retrieval system and method for distinguishing misrecognized queries and unavailable documents
US7373246B2 (en) 2005-05-27 2008-05-13 Google Inc. Using boundaries associated with a map view for business location searching
EP1901263A4 (en) * 2005-06-01 2010-01-27 Cirius Technologies Inc Advertisement information displaying method, advertisement information displaying system, advertisement information displaying program, and advertisement information ranking program
US8086697B2 (en) 2005-06-28 2011-12-27 Claria Innovations, Llc Techniques for displaying impressions in documents delivered over a computer network
US7949330B2 (en) 2005-08-25 2011-05-24 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for providing weather warnings and alerts
US20070109096A1 (en) * 2005-09-08 2007-05-17 Jeremy Breedlove Global tracking and communications device
US8265864B1 (en) * 2005-09-12 2012-09-11 Navteq B.V. Method of providing geographic information for a navigation system
US7698061B2 (en) 2005-09-23 2010-04-13 Scenera Technologies, Llc System and method for selecting and presenting a route to a user
US7574428B2 (en) * 2005-10-11 2009-08-11 Telmap Ltd Geometry-based search engine for navigation systems
US8046162B2 (en) 2005-11-04 2011-10-25 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Data broadcast method for traffic information
US20070178889A1 (en) * 2006-02-01 2007-08-02 Xcellasave, Inc. Advertising on mobile devices
EP2233887A1 (en) * 2006-03-15 2010-09-29 Qualcomm Incorporated Method and apparatus for determining relevant point of interest information based upon route of user
US8271309B2 (en) 2006-03-16 2012-09-18 The Crawford Group, Inc. Method and system for providing and administering online rental vehicle reservation booking services
US9373149B2 (en) 2006-03-17 2016-06-21 Fatdoor, Inc. Autonomous neighborhood vehicle commerce network and community
US9002754B2 (en) 2006-03-17 2015-04-07 Fatdoor, Inc. Campaign in a geo-spatial environment
US8732091B1 (en) 2006-03-17 2014-05-20 Raj Abhyanker Security in a geo-spatial environment
US9064288B2 (en) 2006-03-17 2015-06-23 Fatdoor, Inc. Government structures and neighborhood leads in a geo-spatial environment
US9037516B2 (en) 2006-03-17 2015-05-19 Fatdoor, Inc. Direct mailing in a geo-spatial environment
US8863245B1 (en) 2006-10-19 2014-10-14 Fatdoor, Inc. Nextdoor neighborhood social network method, apparatus, and system
US9071367B2 (en) * 2006-03-17 2015-06-30 Fatdoor, Inc. Emergency including crime broadcast in a neighborhood social network
US9070101B2 (en) 2007-01-12 2015-06-30 Fatdoor, Inc. Peer-to-peer neighborhood delivery multi-copter and method
US8738545B2 (en) 2006-11-22 2014-05-27 Raj Abhyanker Map based neighborhood search and community contribution
US8874489B2 (en) * 2006-03-17 2014-10-28 Fatdoor, Inc. Short-term residential spaces in a geo-spatial environment
US9459622B2 (en) 2007-01-12 2016-10-04 Legalforce, Inc. Driverless vehicle commerce network and community
US8965409B2 (en) 2006-03-17 2015-02-24 Fatdoor, Inc. User-generated community publication in an online neighborhood social network
US20070218900A1 (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-20 Raj Vasant Abhyanker Map based neighborhood search and community contribution
EP1840510B1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2011-02-09 Research In Motion Limited Method and system for distribution of map content to mobile communication devices
US7702456B2 (en) 2006-04-14 2010-04-20 Scenera Technologies, Llc System and method for presenting a computed route
WO2007124504A3 (en) * 2006-04-21 2008-02-14 Alan Caplan Collection and distribution of sense-on-demand data
US7761350B1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2010-07-20 Aol Inc. Biasing of search result clustering to ensure more effective point of interest (POI) targeting
US7920965B1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2011-04-05 Mapquest, Inc. Identifying a route configured to travel through multiple points of interest
US20070282959A1 (en) * 2006-06-02 2007-12-06 Stern Donald S Message push with pull of information to a communications computing device
US8280395B2 (en) * 2006-08-28 2012-10-02 Dash Navigation, Inc. System and method for updating information using limited bandwidth
US8666821B2 (en) * 2006-08-28 2014-03-04 Microsoft Corporation Selecting advertisements based on serving area and map area
US8612437B2 (en) * 2006-08-28 2013-12-17 Blackberry Limited System and method for location-based searches and advertising
US20080059424A1 (en) * 2006-08-28 2008-03-06 Assimakis Tzamaloukas System and method for locating-based searches and advertising
EP2126815A4 (en) 2006-09-13 2011-09-21 Tdp Inc Integrated system and method for managing electronic coupons
US8370224B2 (en) * 2006-09-27 2013-02-05 Rockwell Automation Technologies, Inc. Graphical interface for display of assets in an asset management system
US8832742B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2014-09-09 United Video Properties, Inc. Systems and methods for acquiring, categorizing and delivering media in interactive media guidance applications
US8540516B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2013-09-24 Pharos Innovations, Llc Optimizing behavioral change based on a patient statistical profile
US8540515B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2013-09-24 Pharos Innovations, Llc Optimizing behavioral change based on a population statistical profile
US8540517B2 (en) 2006-11-27 2013-09-24 Pharos Innovations, Llc Calculating a behavioral path based on a statistical profile
US20080140727A1 (en) * 2006-12-07 2008-06-12 Karl Christian Pschierer Method and apparatus for managing geographic information system data
US8150870B1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2012-04-03 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Scalable partitioning in a multilayered data service framework
US8620952B2 (en) 2007-01-03 2013-12-31 Carhamm Ltd., Llc System for database reporting
US7801888B2 (en) 2007-03-09 2010-09-21 Microsoft Corporation Media content search results ranked by popularity
US8930135B2 (en) * 2007-04-17 2015-01-06 Esther Abramovich Ettinger Device, system and method of landmark-based routing and guidance
US9243920B2 (en) 2007-04-17 2016-01-26 Esther Abramovich Ettinger System and method for adapting the routing information provided by a mapping or routing device
US9222797B2 (en) * 2007-04-17 2015-12-29 Esther Abramovich Ettinger Device, system and method of contact-based routing and guidance
US20080281854A1 (en) * 2007-05-07 2008-11-13 Fatdoor, Inc. Opt-out community network based on preseeded data
US20080277314A1 (en) * 2007-05-08 2008-11-13 Halsey Richard B Olefin production utilizing whole crude oil/condensate feedstock and hydrotreating
US7668653B2 (en) 2007-05-31 2010-02-23 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for selectively filtering and providing event program information
US8533180B2 (en) * 2007-06-13 2013-09-10 The Boeing Company Method and apparatus for enhancing a geographic information system database with operational data
US9098545B2 (en) 2007-07-10 2015-08-04 Raj Abhyanker Hot news neighborhood banter in a geo-spatial social network
US20090055087A1 (en) * 2007-08-07 2009-02-26 Brandon Graham Beacher Methods and systems for displaying and automatic dynamic re-displaying of points of interest with graphic image
US8554475B2 (en) 2007-10-01 2013-10-08 Mitac International Corporation Static and dynamic contours
US8099308B2 (en) 2007-10-02 2012-01-17 Honda Motor Co., Ltd. Method and system for vehicle service appointments based on diagnostic trouble codes
US10013536B2 (en) * 2007-11-06 2018-07-03 The Mathworks, Inc. License activation and management
US20090254841A1 (en) * 2007-11-12 2009-10-08 Move Sales, Inc. Apparatus, method, and computer program product for characterizing user-defined areas
US20090132469A1 (en) * 2007-11-16 2009-05-21 Urban Mapping, Inc. Geocoding based on neighborhoods and other uniquely defined informal spaces or geographical regions
US9117219B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2015-08-25 Peer 39 Inc. Method and a system for selecting advertising spots
US8207964B1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2012-06-26 Meadow William D Methods and apparatus for generating three-dimensional image data models
US8676704B2 (en) 2008-03-13 2014-03-18 Giftya Llc Method for transferring funds
US20140207662A1 (en) 2008-03-13 2014-07-24 Giftya Llc System and method for managing gifts
US9014658B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2015-04-21 William J. Johnson System and method for application context location based configuration suggestions
US8566839B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2013-10-22 William J. Johnson System and method for automated content presentation objects
US8761751B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2014-06-24 William J. Johnson System and method for targeting data processing system(s) with data
US8634796B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2014-01-21 William J. Johnson System and method for location based exchanges of data facilitating distributed location applications
US8600341B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2013-12-03 William J. Johnson System and method for location based exchanges of data facilitating distributed locational applications
US8639267B2 (en) 2008-03-14 2014-01-28 William J. Johnson System and method for location based exchanges of data facilitating distributed locational applications
US7987218B2 (en) * 2008-05-05 2011-07-26 West Corporation Method and system for establishing a spatial street address data set
US8856671B2 (en) * 2008-05-11 2014-10-07 Navteq B.V. Route selection by drag and drop
US20100023341A1 (en) * 2008-05-29 2010-01-28 Reel Drinks Llc Method for rule-based gift giving
US8115320B2 (en) * 2008-05-29 2012-02-14 United Microelectronics Corp. Bond pad structure located over active circuit structure
US7870022B2 (en) * 2008-06-12 2011-01-11 Alpine In Motion Llc System and method for offering and fulfilling situation-based, location specific rewards and offers to mobile-oriented consumers
US8606629B2 (en) * 2008-06-12 2013-12-10 Google, Inc. Providing coupons with a mobile computer of a merchant
US20110087538A1 (en) * 2008-06-12 2011-04-14 Alpine In Motion Llc. System and method for offering and fulfilling situation-based, location specific rewards and offers to mobile-oriented consumers
US8285643B2 (en) * 2008-06-12 2012-10-09 Monncello Enterprises, LLC System and method for processing gift cards
US9164975B2 (en) 2008-06-24 2015-10-20 Monmouth University System and method for viewing and marking maps
US20110096091A1 (en) * 2008-06-24 2011-04-28 Monmouth University System and method for viewing and marking maps
JP5404003B2 (en) * 2008-11-07 2014-01-29 キヤノン株式会社 The image display apparatus and a control method thereof
US20100125502A1 (en) * 2008-11-18 2010-05-20 Peer 39 Inc. Method and system for identifying web documents for advertisements
US10063934B2 (en) 2008-11-25 2018-08-28 Rovi Technologies Corporation Reducing unicast session duration with restart TV
US8489445B1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2013-07-16 Amazon Technologies, Inc. Determining and displaying item preferences associated with geographic areas
US20100162091A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-06-24 Ncr Corporation Methods and Apparatus for Internet Browsing and Searching Employing Geographic Location Information
US8265658B2 (en) 2009-02-02 2012-09-11 Waldeck Technology, Llc System and method for automated location-based widgets
US20120047087A1 (en) 2009-03-25 2012-02-23 Waldeck Technology Llc Smart encounters
US8868550B2 (en) * 2009-04-27 2014-10-21 Citysearch, LLC Method and system for providing an answer
JP2010286871A (en) * 2009-06-09 2010-12-24 Aisin Aw Co Ltd Point search device, point search method, and program
JP5269198B2 (en) * 2009-06-10 2013-08-21 三菱電機株式会社 Navigation device
US9436955B2 (en) 2009-06-10 2016-09-06 Square, Inc. Methods for transferring funds using a payment service where financial account information is only entered once with a payment service and need not be re-entered for future transfers
US20110022445A1 (en) * 2009-07-22 2011-01-27 Carney Ii Conrad R Airport promotion and advertisement system
US20110137735A1 (en) * 2009-08-01 2011-06-09 Lat49 Media Inc. Uses of multiple location parameters, polygonal exclusion and inclusion zones, and other input data in location-coupled information selection
US20110055247A1 (en) * 2009-09-01 2011-03-03 Blumberg Brad W Provider-specific branding of generic mobile real estate search application
US9166714B2 (en) 2009-09-11 2015-10-20 Veveo, Inc. Method of and system for presenting enriched video viewing analytics
US8302860B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2012-11-06 Square, Inc. Read head device with narrow card reading slot
US8573486B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-11-05 Square, Inc. Systems and methods for financial transaction through miniaturized card reader with confirmation of payment sent to buyer
US9619797B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2017-04-11 Square, Inc. Payment methods with a payment service and tabs selected by a first party and opened by a second party at an geographic location of the first party's mobile device
US8235287B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2012-08-07 Square, Inc. Read head device with slot configured to reduce torque
US8870070B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-10-28 Square, Inc. Card reader device
US8876003B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-11-04 Square, Inc. Read head device with selected output jack characteristics
WO2011047042A3 (en) * 2009-10-13 2011-07-28 Square, Inc. Systems and methods for dynamic receipt generation with environmental information
US9454866B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2016-09-27 Square, Inc. Method of conducting financial transactions where a payer's financial account information is entered only once with a payment system
US9016572B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2015-04-28 Square, Inc. Systems and methods for financial transaction through miniaturized card with ASIC
US8870071B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2014-10-28 Square, Inc. Read head device with selected sampling rate
US8573487B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-11-05 Square, Inc. Integrated read head device
US8500018B2 (en) 2010-10-13 2013-08-06 Square, Inc. Systems and methods for financial transaction through miniaturized card reader with decoding on a seller's mobile device
US20120063367A1 (en) 2009-12-22 2012-03-15 Waldeck Technology, Llc Crowd and profile based communication addresses
US8799074B2 (en) * 2010-01-14 2014-08-05 Goldstream Publishing Inc. Methods and apparatus for performing enhanced queries for items such as maps and geospatial data
US9237294B2 (en) 2010-03-05 2016-01-12 Sony Corporation Apparatus and method for replacing a broadcasted advertisement based on both heuristic information and attempts in altering the playback of the advertisement
US8380810B2 (en) * 2010-03-16 2013-02-19 Nokia Corporation Method and apparatus providing for output of a content package based at least in part on a content category selection and one or more contextual characteristics
US9576159B1 (en) 2011-01-24 2017-02-21 Square, Inc. Multiple payment card reader system
US9832528B2 (en) 2010-10-21 2017-11-28 Sony Corporation System and method for merging network-based content with broadcasted programming content
US8442716B2 (en) 2010-10-31 2013-05-14 Microsoft Corporation Identifying physical locations of entities
US9489845B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2016-11-08 Fleetmatics Development Limited System and method for providing vehicle and fleet profiles and presentations of trends
US8751163B2 (en) 2011-04-08 2014-06-10 Fleetmatics Irl Limited System and method for providing an electronic representation of a route
US9569965B1 (en) 2011-04-11 2017-02-14 Fleetmatics Development Limited System and method for providing vehicle and fleet profiles
EP2774094A1 (en) 2011-10-31 2014-09-10 Fleetmatics Irl Limited A system and method for tracking and alerting for vehicle speeds
WO2013064437A1 (en) 2011-10-31 2013-05-10 Fleetmatics Irl Limited System and method for peer comparison of vehicles and vehicle fleets
US8612356B2 (en) 2011-11-14 2013-12-17 Google Inc. Voucher code redemption via SMS
US9002114B2 (en) 2011-12-08 2015-04-07 The Nielsen Company (Us), Llc Methods, apparatus, and articles of manufacture to measure geographical features using an image of a geographical location
US8805418B2 (en) 2011-12-23 2014-08-12 United Video Properties, Inc. Methods and systems for performing actions based on location-based rules
US9626446B2 (en) 2012-03-07 2017-04-18 Snap Trends, Inc. Methods and systems of advertising based on aggregated information of social networks within geographical locations via a network
US8626419B2 (en) 2012-04-27 2014-01-07 Fleetmatics Irl Limited System and method for automated identification of frequent stop locations for vehicle fleets
US20130290531A1 (en) * 2012-04-27 2013-10-31 Microsoft Corporation Providing client and service compatibility through cloud-hosted adapters
WO2013159973A1 (en) 2012-04-27 2013-10-31 Fleetmatics Irl Limited System and method for managing vehicle dispatch and fleet workflow
US9378509B2 (en) 2012-05-09 2016-06-28 The Nielsen Company (Us), Llc Methods, apparatus, and articles of manufacture to measure geographical features using an image of a geographical location
US9106939B2 (en) * 2012-08-07 2015-08-11 Google Technology Holdings LLC Location-based program listing
US20140067477A1 (en) * 2012-08-28 2014-03-06 Ebay, Inc. Systems and Methods for Shopping Trend Alert
WO2014080239A1 (en) 2012-11-20 2014-05-30 Tipyasev Albert Sergeevich The system and means for providing and presenting events information
US9380324B2 (en) 2013-01-23 2016-06-28 Steven Schoenwald Video content distribution package
US9767854B2 (en) 2013-01-23 2017-09-19 Steven Schoenwald Video content distribution package
US9082014B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2015-07-14 The Nielsen Company (Us), Llc Methods and apparatus to estimate demography based on aerial images
US9031781B2 (en) * 2013-05-09 2015-05-12 Telenav, Inc. Navigation system with priority notification mechanism
WO2014183161A1 (en) * 2013-05-14 2014-11-20 Vilinskis Arron Tracking system and method
US8886671B1 (en) 2013-08-14 2014-11-11 Advent Software, Inc. Multi-tenant in-memory database (MUTED) system and method
US9477991B2 (en) 2013-08-27 2016-10-25 Snap Trends, Inc. Methods and systems of aggregating information of geographic context regions of social networks based on geographical locations via a network
US9881272B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2018-01-30 Fleetmatics Ireland Limited Vehicle independent employee/driver tracking and reporting
US9313616B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2016-04-12 Fleetmatics Development Limited System and method for automated identification of location types for geofences
US9754428B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2017-09-05 Fleetmatics Ireland Limited Interactive timeline interface and data visualization
US9894489B2 (en) 2013-09-30 2018-02-13 William J. Johnson System and method for situational proximity observation alerting privileged recipients
US8910868B1 (en) 2013-11-27 2014-12-16 Square, Inc. Firmware management
US9633236B1 (en) 2013-12-11 2017-04-25 Square, Inc. Power harvesting in reader devices
US8931699B1 (en) 2013-12-11 2015-01-13 Square, Inc. Bidirectional audio communication in reader devices
US9439367B2 (en) 2014-02-07 2016-09-13 Arthi Abhyanker Network enabled gardening with a remotely controllable positioning extension
US9256769B1 (en) 2014-02-25 2016-02-09 Square, Inc. Mobile reader device
US9457901B2 (en) 2014-04-22 2016-10-04 Fatdoor, Inc. Quadcopter with a printable payload extension system and method
US9004396B1 (en) 2014-04-24 2015-04-14 Fatdoor, Inc. Skyteboard quadcopter and method
US9022324B1 (en) 2014-05-05 2015-05-05 Fatdoor, Inc. Coordination of aerial vehicles through a central server
US9288521B2 (en) 2014-05-28 2016-03-15 Rovi Guides, Inc. Systems and methods for updating media asset data based on pause point in the media asset
USD762651S1 (en) 2014-06-06 2016-08-02 Square, Inc. Mobile device case
EP2955670A1 (en) * 2014-06-12 2015-12-16 Environmental Protection Administration, R.O.C.(Taiwan) Real-time interactive mobile device for on-site investigation
US9971985B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2018-05-15 Raj Abhyanker Train based community
US9441981B2 (en) 2014-06-20 2016-09-13 Fatdoor, Inc. Variable bus stops across a bus route in a regional transportation network
US9760740B1 (en) 2014-06-23 2017-09-12 Square, Inc. Terminal case with integrated dual reader stack
US9256770B1 (en) 2014-07-02 2016-02-09 Square, Inc. Terminal case with integrated reader and shortened base
US9451020B2 (en) 2014-07-18 2016-09-20 Legalforce, Inc. Distributed communication of independent autonomous vehicles to provide redundancy and performance
US9799025B2 (en) 2014-08-19 2017-10-24 Square, Inc. Energy harvesting bidirectional audio interface
US9355285B1 (en) 2015-02-12 2016-05-31 Square, Inc. Tone-based wake up circuit for card reader

Citations (250)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1737520A (en) 1928-02-03 1929-11-26 Electric Directory Corp Directory board
US2455209A (en) 1947-05-26 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2455210A (en) 1947-12-23 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US3612837A (en) 1969-04-30 1971-10-12 Bendix Corp Aircraft strike assurance system
US3614328A (en) 1969-06-24 1971-10-19 Kenneth Eugene Mcnaughton Automatic subscriber answering service
US3724079A (en) 1970-09-23 1973-04-03 Trident Eng Ass Inc Navigational chart display device
US3949191A (en) 1972-05-18 1976-04-06 Optical Data Systems, Inc. Data storage and retrieval system
US3968573A (en) 1974-10-24 1976-07-13 Allen Grossman Method and means for information presentation
US4012133A (en) 1975-09-22 1977-03-15 Burton James J Shopping aid display viewer
US4086632A (en) 1976-09-27 1978-04-25 The Boeing Company Area navigation system including a map display unit for establishing and modifying navigation routes
US4220994A (en) 1978-07-27 1980-09-02 Eldon W. Planalp General purpose navigation aid device
US4253150A (en) 1978-09-29 1981-02-24 Scovill Royal J Pictorial navigation computer
US4301506A (en) 1980-07-07 1981-11-17 Turco Daniel J Auto routing computer for eliminating the need for maps or travel instructions
US4311876A (en) 1977-04-06 1982-01-19 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. Route guidance system for roadway vehicles
US4312041A (en) 1978-02-22 1982-01-19 Lear Siegler, Inc. Flight performance data computer system
US4312577A (en) 1979-08-13 1982-01-26 Fitzgerald J Vincent Motor vehicle map display system
US4315747A (en) 1977-06-29 1982-02-16 Mcbryde F Webster Homolinear composite equal-area world projections
GB2048604B (en) 1979-04-27 1983-04-27 Furuno Electric Co Moving body track indication system
US4395740A (en) 1980-07-07 1983-07-26 Aubrey Yuen Apparatus and method for locating and presenting pre-recorded information
US4400727A (en) 1981-11-27 1983-08-23 The Bendix Corporation Moving map display
US4413322A (en) 1980-12-17 1983-11-01 Foster Airdata Systems Inc. Automatic waypoint area navigation system
US4413314A (en) 1980-06-16 1983-11-01 Forney Engineering Company Industrial process control system
US4419079A (en) 1980-07-23 1983-12-06 Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation Aircraft piloting aid system
US4428057A (en) 1981-06-09 1984-01-24 Texas Instruments Incorporated Electronic chart system
US4429385A (en) 1981-12-31 1984-01-31 American Newspaper Publishers Association Method and apparatus for digital serial scanning with hierarchical and relational access
US4466125A (en) 1981-04-24 1984-08-14 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co. Communication control system
US4470119A (en) 1981-07-07 1984-09-04 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Mobile navigator
US4481584A (en) 1981-07-30 1984-11-06 Holland Bobby H Highway information system
US4484192A (en) 1981-12-17 1984-11-20 The Bendix Corporation Moving map display
US4502123A (en) 1981-07-07 1985-02-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigation system for use with an automobile and reading unit for the system
US4504913A (en) 1981-06-08 1985-03-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic navigator for automotive vehicles
US4511973A (en) 1981-08-24 1985-04-16 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigator for vehicles
US4513377A (en) 1981-06-11 1985-04-23 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Vehicle-mounted navigator
US4514810A (en) 1981-09-17 1985-04-30 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigator for vehicles
US4521857A (en) 1982-05-17 1985-06-04 Avimage, Inc. Aviation weather information dissemination system
US4525717A (en) 1980-08-19 1985-06-25 Universitat Stuttgart, Institut Fur Flugnavigation Position display instrument
US4527155A (en) 1981-03-04 1985-07-02 Nissan Motor Company, Limited System for maintaining an orientation of characters displayed with a rotatable image
US4528552A (en) 1981-06-15 1985-07-09 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Travel locus display device
US4532514A (en) 1981-08-14 1985-07-30 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Course guidance system with speeded-up display function
US4538229A (en) 1983-03-10 1985-08-27 Kavouras, Inc. System for preparing aircraft driftdown plans
US4543572A (en) 1981-05-13 1985-09-24 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Road map display system with indications of a vehicle position and destination
US4546439A (en) 1982-03-10 1985-10-08 Natividad Gene Esparza Method and apparatus for determining route from a present location to a desired destination in a city
US4546873A (en) 1981-05-15 1985-10-15 The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited Article retention system for transfer equipment
US4550317A (en) 1982-09-29 1985-10-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Drive guide display system for motor vehicle
US4558300A (en) 1982-07-15 1985-12-10 Computer Sign Systems Limited Computer map
US4570227A (en) 1981-08-17 1986-02-11 Agency Of Industrial Science & Technology Portable map display apparatus
US4571684A (en) 1983-03-25 1986-02-18 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system for vehicles
US4577062A (en) 1983-09-02 1986-03-18 Butler National Corporation Method for dispensing information
US4608656A (en) 1981-04-13 1986-08-26 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Road map display system with indication of a vehicle position
US4630209A (en) 1981-07-01 1986-12-16 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Audio/visual display system for multiple maps
US4635136A (en) 1984-02-06 1987-01-06 Rochester Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for storing a massive inventory of labeled images
US4635202A (en) 1983-07-20 1987-01-06 Hitachi, Ltd. Navigation apparatus for automobile
US4642775A (en) 1984-05-25 1987-02-10 Sundstrand Data Control, Inc. Airborne flight planning and information system
US4645873A (en) 1985-01-23 1987-02-24 Telecue Systems Transactional telecommunication system
US4646089A (en) 1983-01-17 1987-02-24 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Travel guidance system for vehicles
US4673197A (en) 1986-07-25 1987-06-16 Manya Shtipelman Map display apparatus and method
US4675676A (en) 1983-03-09 1987-06-23 Nippondenso Co. Ltd. Map display system
US4677450A (en) 1984-03-19 1987-06-30 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Automotive navigation system
US4679147A (en) 1984-03-28 1987-07-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Navigation system with capability of instructing running direction
US4682160A (en) 1983-07-25 1987-07-21 Harris Corporation Real time perspective display employing digital map generator
US4685068A (en) 1985-08-20 1987-08-04 The Singer Company Generic database generator system and method
US4689747A (en) 1984-06-21 1987-08-25 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Vehicle navigational apparatus for displaying a road map
US4698625A (en) 1985-05-30 1987-10-06 International Business Machines Corp. Graphic highlight adjacent a pointing cursor
US4706198A (en) 1985-03-04 1987-11-10 Thurman Daniel M Computerized airspace control system
US4716404A (en) 1983-04-01 1987-12-29 Hitachi, Ltd. Image retrieval method and apparatus using annotations as guidance information
EP0051228B1 (en) 1980-10-31 1988-01-13 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Document information filing system
US4733356A (en) 1984-12-14 1988-03-22 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Control device for a vehicle route guidance system
US4737927A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-04-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display apparatus
US4737916A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-04-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system
US4744033A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-05-10 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic display system
US4744083A (en) 1984-09-14 1988-05-10 Geostar Corporation Satellite-based position determining and message transfer system with monitoring of link quality
US4757455A (en) 1985-03-08 1988-07-12 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for a vehicle
US4758959A (en) 1984-08-14 1988-07-19 U.S. Philips Corporation Vehicle navigation system provided with an adaptive inertial navigation system based on the measurement of the speed and lateral acceleration of the vehicle and provided with a correction unit for correcting the measured values
US4760531A (en) 1985-05-16 1988-07-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system
US4761742A (en) 1985-04-26 1988-08-02 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Guiding spot display apparatus
US4763270A (en) 1985-03-20 1988-08-09 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for a vehicle and method therefor
EP0141508B1 (en) 1983-09-12 1988-08-10 BRITISH TELECOMMUNICATIONS public limited company Video map display
US4766555A (en) 1985-09-03 1988-08-23 The Singer Company System for the automatic generation of data bases for use with a computer-generated visual display
US4774672A (en) 1985-03-11 1988-09-27 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for automotive vehicle including feature of updating vehicle position at selected points along preset course
US4774670A (en) 1985-04-29 1988-09-27 Lockheed Corporation Flight management system
US4779138A (en) 1985-11-27 1988-10-18 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Compact liquid crystal television receiver having information memory
US4780717A (en) 1983-03-25 1988-10-25 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system for use on vehicle
US4782447A (en) 1985-04-03 1988-11-01 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd System and method for navigating a vehicle
US4788643A (en) 1983-08-29 1988-11-29 Trippe Kenneth A B Cruise information and booking data processing system
US4791572A (en) 1985-11-20 1988-12-13 Mets, Inc. Method for accurately displaying positional information on a map
US4796190A (en) 1986-06-04 1989-01-03 Cummings Elihu C Navigation system
US4796189A (en) 1985-03-20 1989-01-03 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for automotive vehicle with automatic navigation start and navigation end point search and automatic route selection
US4805119A (en) 1985-06-27 1989-02-14 Sony Corporation User terminal for videotex
US4812843A (en) 1987-05-04 1989-03-14 Champion Iii C Paul Telephone accessible information system
US4812980A (en) 1985-05-16 1989-03-14 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system
US4817043A (en) 1988-06-28 1989-03-28 Brown Johnny M Information kiosk
US4827420A (en) 1986-06-12 1989-05-02 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation apparatus for vehicle
US4839656A (en) 1984-08-16 1989-06-13 Geostar Corporation Position determination and message transfer system employing satellites and stored terrain map
US4843569A (en) 1986-09-25 1989-06-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Data input apparatus for picture data base management system
US4845631A (en) 1987-03-31 1989-07-04 Rockwell International Corporation Scrolling image memory for high speed avionics moving map display
US4862374A (en) 1988-05-13 1989-08-29 Ziemann Erich T Navigational plotting system
US4862390A (en) 1987-12-24 1989-08-29 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for selection of one from a plurality of entries listed on a computer display
US4868771A (en) 1987-03-30 1989-09-19 General Electric Company Computer image generation with topographical response
GB2215319A (en) 1988-02-03 1989-09-20 Grundy Tamper-evident fitting for a beverage container
US4870576A (en) 1986-03-19 1989-09-26 Realpro, Ltd. Real estate search and location system and method
US4873513A (en) 1987-08-26 1989-10-10 Geodisplay Technology Limited Partnership Automated map display system
US4890249A (en) 1988-03-16 1989-12-26 Hughes Simulation Systems, Inc. Data compression and decompression for digital radar landmass simulation
US4890104A (en) 1983-03-25 1989-12-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system for use on vehicle
US4893127A (en) 1987-02-06 1990-01-09 Raytheon Company Radar navigation system
US4896154A (en) 1987-10-28 1990-01-23 Eventide Inc. Map display system for vehicle navigation
US4897792A (en) 1987-09-29 1990-01-30 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Method of memorizing travel locus data for use in an automotive navigation system
US4907274A (en) 1987-03-13 1990-03-06 Kabushiki Kashia Toshiba Intelligent work station
US4914605A (en) 1984-10-22 1990-04-03 Etak, Inc. Apparatus and method for displaying a map
US4926336A (en) 1987-12-28 1990-05-15 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Route searching system of navigation apparatus
US4937752A (en) 1988-07-18 1990-06-26 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. An apparatus for correcting distance error in a navigation system
US4937572A (en) 1985-04-27 1990-06-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display apparatus storing data of physically adjacent map sections in physically adjacent storage locations
US4937570A (en) 1987-02-26 1990-06-26 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Route guidance display device
US4943974A (en) 1988-10-21 1990-07-24 Geostar Corporation Detection of burst signal transmissions
US4951212A (en) 1987-04-08 1990-08-21 Hitachi Ltd. Automobile driving guide apparatus
US4951211A (en) 1984-07-27 1990-08-21 Villeroche Gerard J De Electronic guiding and information system for traffic
US4954958A (en) 1988-08-19 1990-09-04 Hacowie Corporation Directional information system
US4954959A (en) 1988-03-02 1990-09-04 Aisin A W Co. Ltd. Navigation system
US4963864A (en) 1987-08-07 1990-10-16 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for displaying travel path
US4965586A (en) 1984-08-16 1990-10-23 Geostar Corporation Position determination and message transfer system employing satellites and stored terrain map
US4972319A (en) 1987-09-25 1990-11-20 Delorme David M Electronic global map generating system
US4974170A (en) 1988-01-21 1990-11-27 Directional Data, Inc. Electronic directory for identifying a selected group of subscribers
US4982332A (en) 1988-06-27 1991-01-01 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Road data generating method for use in an on-board navigation system
US4989151A (en) 1988-02-23 1991-01-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Navigation apparatus and matching method for navigation
US4992947A (en) 1987-12-28 1991-02-12 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicular navigation apparatus with help function
US4996645A (en) 1987-09-04 1991-02-26 U.S. Philips Corporation Vehicle navigation device with reproduction of a selected map element according to a predetermined representation standard
US4999780A (en) 1989-03-03 1991-03-12 The Boeing Company Automatic reconfiguration of electronic landing display
US5005147A (en) 1988-12-30 1991-04-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator, The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Method and apparatus for sensor fusion
US5021961A (en) 1989-09-21 1991-06-04 Laser Data Technology, Inc. Highway information system
US5030117A (en) 1987-09-25 1991-07-09 Delorme David M Digital global map generating system
US5031104A (en) 1988-12-05 1991-07-09 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Adaptive in-vehicle route guidance system
US5032989A (en) 1986-03-19 1991-07-16 Realpro, Ltd. Real estate search and location system and method
US5036523A (en) 1989-10-03 1991-07-30 Geostar Corporation Automatic frequency control of satellite transmitted spread spectrum signals
US5043902A (en) 1987-12-28 1991-08-27 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicular navigation apparatus
US5059965A (en) 1987-04-11 1991-10-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method of and device for selection or entry of a destination in a motor vehicle system
US5068838A (en) 1990-07-18 1991-11-26 Klausner Patent Technologies Location acquisition and time adjusting system
US5084822A (en) 1987-12-15 1992-01-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation apparatus for moving object
US5089826A (en) 1989-10-24 1992-02-18 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation system for movable body
US5103400A (en) 1987-12-28 1992-04-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Shinsangyokaihatsu Destination guidance method of vehicle navigating
US5109399A (en) 1989-08-18 1992-04-28 Alamo City Technologies, Inc. Emergency call locating system
US5115399A (en) 1987-12-28 1992-05-19 Kabushiki Kaisha Shinsangyokaihatsu Position input system for vehicular navigation apparatus
US5117363A (en) 1989-10-11 1992-05-26 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Onboard navigation system
US5121325A (en) 1990-04-04 1992-06-09 Smiths Industries Aerospace & Defense Systems, Inc. Required time of arrival (RTA) control system
US5124924A (en) 1988-06-27 1992-06-23 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Point selecting apparatus for use in an on-board navigation system
US5133081A (en) 1989-11-03 1992-07-21 Mayo Scott T Remotely controllable message broadcast system including central programming station, remote message transmitters and repeaters
US5136334A (en) 1991-05-17 1992-08-04 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for preparing liquid tone for direct transfer to the media during electrophotographic printing
EP0066397B2 (en) 1981-05-15 1992-08-05 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigational apparatus for use in automotive vehicles
US5142480A (en) 1990-02-27 1992-08-25 Iimorrow, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing an indication as to whether an aircraft can safely glide to a selected destination
US5146219A (en) 1987-01-10 1992-09-08 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for the output of safety-related road information in locating and navigating systems of land vehicles
US5148522A (en) 1987-03-17 1992-09-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information retrieval apparatus and interface for retrieval of mapping information utilizing hand-drawn retrieval requests
US5155806A (en) 1989-03-15 1992-10-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for displaying context sensitive help information on a display
EP0508787A2 (en) * 1991-04-12 1992-10-14 Pioneer Electronic Corporation On-board navigation apparatus
US5161242A (en) 1989-01-24 1992-11-03 Boulay Peter C Automated repeating sextant (ARS)
US5164904A (en) 1990-07-26 1992-11-17 Farradyne Systems, Inc. In-vehicle traffic congestion information system
US5172321A (en) 1990-12-10 1992-12-15 Motorola, Inc. Vehicle route planning system
US5173691A (en) 1990-07-26 1992-12-22 Farradyne Systems, Inc. Data fusion process for an in-vehicle traffic congestion information system
US5177685A (en) 1990-08-09 1993-01-05 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Automobile navigation system using real time spoken driving instructions
US5179385A (en) 1992-01-02 1993-01-12 International Marine Industries, Inc. Visual navigation aid with point of interest feature
US5179652A (en) 1989-12-13 1993-01-12 Anthony I. Rozmanith Method and apparatus for storing, transmitting and retrieving graphical and tabular data
US5197009A (en) 1990-01-24 1993-03-23 Mid America Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for and method of creating delivery route maps
US5212643A (en) 1991-01-17 1993-05-18 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle-mounted navigation apparatus
US5214757A (en) 1990-08-07 1993-05-25 Georesearch, Inc. Interactive automated mapping system
US5220507A (en) 1990-11-08 1993-06-15 Motorola, Inc. Land vehicle multiple navigation route apparatus
US5229947A (en) 1989-09-21 1993-07-20 Laser Data Technology, Inc. Highway information system
US5237499A (en) 1991-11-12 1993-08-17 Garback Brent J Computer travel planning system
US5237323A (en) 1990-11-21 1993-08-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Map retrieving system having a learning function
US5239480A (en) 1991-02-06 1993-08-24 Ais Infonetics Inc. Automatic ticket dispensing system
US5243528A (en) 1990-09-12 1993-09-07 Motorola, Inc. Land vehicle navigation apparatus with visual display
US5262775A (en) 1992-04-07 1993-11-16 Zexel Corporation Navigation system with off-route detection and route recalculation
US5265024A (en) 1991-04-05 1993-11-23 Vigyan, Inc. Pilots automated weather support system
US5275568A (en) 1992-07-16 1994-01-04 Dave Pfuetze Geographic locator system
US5282052A (en) 1992-03-20 1994-01-25 Xerox Corporation Techniques for automatic form creation by combining partial operations
US5283575A (en) 1991-11-08 1994-02-01 Zexel Corporation System and method for locating a travelling vehicle
US5289195A (en) 1992-01-27 1994-02-22 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Positioning and displaying system
US5289572A (en) * 1989-10-24 1994-02-22 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic map combined with user service information
US5289371A (en) 1992-09-11 1994-02-22 Memorylink, Inc. System and method for routing data and communications
US5291413A (en) 1992-04-14 1994-03-01 Zexel Corporation Daihatsu-Nissan Ikebukuro Navigation system for guiding a vehicle along a precomputed optimal route
US5291412A (en) 1992-03-24 1994-03-01 Zexel Corporation Navigation system
US5293484A (en) 1992-07-22 1994-03-08 Signtel, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling electronics signs using radiopaging signals
US5293163A (en) 1990-06-06 1994-03-08 Mazda Motor Corporation Navigation apparatus for vehicles
US5299132A (en) 1991-01-17 1994-03-29 By-Word Technologies, Inc. Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus using cellular telephone network
US5307292A (en) 1992-06-24 1994-04-26 Christopher A. Brown Method of quantifying the topographic structure of a surface
US5317628A (en) 1986-07-17 1994-05-31 Efrat Future Technology Ltd. Message management system
US5321520A (en) 1992-07-20 1994-06-14 Automated Medical Access Corporation Automated high definition/resolution image storage, retrieval and transmission system
US5329108A (en) 1991-11-22 1994-07-12 Cherloc Map with indexes for a geographical information system and system for applying same
US5329464A (en) 1992-03-23 1994-07-12 Puget Sound Power & Light Company Utility layout design system
US5334974A (en) 1992-02-06 1994-08-02 Simms James R Personal security system
DE4033829C2 (en) 1989-10-24 1994-11-10 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Service information equipment
US5365449A (en) 1991-09-27 1994-11-15 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation device
US5369429A (en) 1993-10-20 1994-11-29 Lasermaster Corporation Continuous ink refill system for disposable ink jet cartridges having a predetermined ink capacity
US5371678A (en) 1990-11-22 1994-12-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for navigating vehicle along set route of travel
US5375074A (en) 1990-01-23 1994-12-20 At&T Corp. Unboundedly parallel simulations
US5379421A (en) 1990-11-29 1995-01-03 Palazzi, Iii; Michael A. Interactive terminal for the access of remote database information
US5381338A (en) 1991-06-21 1995-01-10 Wysocki; David A. Real time three dimensional geo-referenced digital orthophotograph-based positioning, navigation, collision avoidance and decision support system
US5396254A (en) 1990-11-08 1995-03-07 Sanden Corporation Position recognition system and position-coordinate converting device
US5398186A (en) 1991-12-17 1995-03-14 The Boeing Company Alternate destination predictor for aircraft
US5402117A (en) 1991-05-27 1995-03-28 U.S. Philips Corporation Method of collecting traffic information, and system for performing the method
EP0349430B1 (en) 1988-06-28 1995-05-17 Sony Corporation Rotary head drum apparatus
US5422809A (en) 1993-08-25 1995-06-06 Touch Screen Media, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing travel destination information and making travel reservations
US5432841A (en) 1992-07-10 1995-07-11 Rimer; Neil A. System for locating and communicating with mobile vehicles
US5442557A (en) 1991-07-26 1995-08-15 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation device
US5452240A (en) 1993-11-23 1995-09-19 Roca Productions, Inc. Electronically simulated rotary-type cardfile
US5457738A (en) 1993-03-23 1995-10-10 U S West Advanced Technologies, Inc. Method and system for searching an on-line directory at a telephone station
US5461708A (en) 1993-08-06 1995-10-24 Borland International, Inc. Systems and methods for automated graphing of spreadsheet information
EP0452613B1 (en) 1990-04-17 1995-11-08 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Image information display apparatus
US5471205A (en) 1994-08-31 1995-11-28 Izawa; Michio Map displaying method
US5471392A (en) 1993-08-17 1995-11-28 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Geographic information display apparatus
EP0539146B1 (en) 1991-10-22 1995-12-20 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation system
US5524202A (en) 1991-03-01 1996-06-04 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Method for forming graphic database and system utilizing the method
US5528518A (en) 1994-10-25 1996-06-18 Laser Technology, Inc. System and method for collecting data used to form a geographic information system database
US5532838A (en) 1993-12-27 1996-07-02 Barbari; Edward P. Method & apparatus for dynamically creating and transmitting documents via facsimile equipment
US5537324A (en) 1993-08-07 1996-07-16 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation system
US5543788A (en) 1991-07-12 1996-08-06 Fujitsu Limited Map management system in geographic information management system
US5543789A (en) 1994-06-24 1996-08-06 Shields Enterprises, Inc. Computerized navigation system
US5550746A (en) 1994-12-05 1996-08-27 American Greetings Corporation Method and apparatus for storing and selectively retrieving product data by correlating customer selection criteria with optimum product designs based on embedded expert judgments
US5559707A (en) 1994-06-24 1996-09-24 Delorme Publishing Company Computer aided routing system
US5570283A (en) 1994-11-18 1996-10-29 Travelnet, Inc. Corporate travel controller
US5579535A (en) 1991-07-01 1996-11-26 Motorola, Inc. Personal communication system providing supplemental information mode
US5584025A (en) 1993-10-29 1996-12-10 The Real Estate Network Apparatus and method for interactive communication for tracking and viewing data
US5608635A (en) 1992-04-14 1997-03-04 Zexel Corporation Navigation system for a vehicle with route recalculation between multiple locations
US5617319A (en) 1992-02-18 1997-04-01 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation apparatus with enhanced positional display function
US5625771A (en) 1992-11-04 1997-04-29 Hitachi, Ltd. Method for making cursor form
US5635953A (en) 1991-07-11 1997-06-03 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Map displaying apparatus
US5648768A (en) 1994-12-30 1997-07-15 Mapsys, Inc. System and method for identifying, tabulating and presenting information of interest along a travel route
US5652717A (en) 1994-08-04 1997-07-29 City Of Scottsdale Apparatus and method for collecting, analyzing and presenting geographical information
US5659732A (en) 1995-05-17 1997-08-19 Infoseek Corporation Document retrieval over networks wherein ranking and relevance scores are computed at the client for multiple database documents
US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1997-10-28 Civix Corporation System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US5699244A (en) 1994-03-07 1997-12-16 Monsanto Company Hand-held GUI PDA with GPS/DGPS receiver for collecting agronomic and GPS position data
US5727201A (en) 1993-06-04 1998-03-10 Phonelink Plc Online data retrieval system
US5729731A (en) 1994-03-18 1998-03-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of retrieving in a database through image information
US5751956A (en) 1996-02-21 1998-05-12 Infoseek Corporation Method and apparatus for redirection of server external hyper-link references
US5754850A (en) 1994-05-11 1998-05-19 Realselect, Inc. Real-estate method and apparatus for searching for homes in a search pool for exact and close matches according to primary and non-primary selection criteria
US5784059A (en) 1994-09-16 1998-07-21 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicle navigation system with destination selection using hierarchical menu arrangement with selective level skipping
US5845278A (en) 1997-09-12 1998-12-01 Inioseek Corporation Method for automatically selecting collections to search in full text searches
US5848373A (en) 1994-06-24 1998-12-08 Delorme Publishing Company Computer aided map location system
US5855020A (en) 1996-02-21 1998-12-29 Infoseek Corporation Web scan process
EP0379198B2 (en) 1989-01-18 1999-03-17 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Mobile object navigation system
US5920854A (en) 1996-08-14 1999-07-06 Infoseek Corporation Real-time document collection search engine with phrase indexing
US5963915A (en) 1996-02-21 1999-10-05 Infoseek Corporation Secure, convenient and efficient system and method of performing trans-internet purchase transactions
JP3141499B2 (en) 1992-03-18 2001-03-05 日本鋼管株式会社 Ellipsometric parameter measurement method and ellipsometer
JP3140816B2 (en) 1991-11-27 2001-03-05 倉敷化工株式会社 Cylindrical liquid Fubofu device and manufacturing method thereof
JP3150699B2 (en) 1993-10-15 2001-03-26 ザ リージェンツ オブ ザ ユニバーシティ オブ カリフォルニア Also be identified mutagenic change, the detection system of mutagens
US6282489B1 (en) 1993-05-28 2001-08-28 Mapquest.Com, Inc. Methods and apparatus for displaying a travel route and generating a list of places of interest located near the travel route
JP3231047B2 (en) 1991-03-19 2001-11-19 株式会社リコー Digital color image forming apparatus
JP3282580B2 (en) 1998-04-01 2002-05-13 株式会社島津製作所 A laser diffraction and diffusion particle size distribution measuring apparatus
JP4251284B2 (en) 2003-12-01 2009-04-08 旭硝子株式会社 Garasuribu structure and glass screen structure
JP5165401B2 (en) 2008-01-25 2013-03-21 北勢工業株式会社 Wall-like buildings and units used therein can be a 囲塞 formula buildings
JP5303335B2 (en) 2009-03-30 2013-10-02 セーレン株式会社 Cleaning mechanism of the conveyor belt and the ink jet recording apparatus having the same
JP5313580B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2013-10-09 ヤマハ発動機株式会社 Outboard motor
JP5334373B2 (en) 2007-03-05 2013-11-06 新日鉄住金化学株式会社 The novel phosphorus-containing epoxy resin, epoxy resin composition and the epoxy resin as an essential component and the cured product thereof
JP5333768B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2013-11-06 東芝ライテック株式会社 Led lighting device and a lighting device

Family Cites Families (61)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2058604A (en) 1979-09-21 1981-04-15 Mitchell D C Purification system for use in blood treatment
US4360875A (en) 1981-02-23 1982-11-23 Behnke Robert W Automated, door-to-door, demand-responsive public transportation system
JPH0143331B2 (en) 1984-06-02 1989-09-20 Brother Ind Ltd
EP0164507A1 (en) 1984-06-15 1985-12-18 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Triggering circuit for a power thyristor
JPS6112622A (en) 1984-06-29 1986-01-21 Kuraray Co Ltd Agent for promoting differentiation and proliferation of hemopoietic stem cell
JPS61194473A (en) 1985-02-25 1986-08-28 Pioneer Electronic Corp Onboard navigator
JPH0583912B2 (en) 1985-02-25 1993-11-30 Pioneer Electronic Corp
US4757267B1 (en) * 1987-06-17 1991-05-21 Applied Telematics Inc
JP2596061B2 (en) 1988-05-12 1997-04-02 日本電装株式会社 Vehicle information display device
US5253342A (en) * 1989-01-18 1993-10-12 International Business Machines Corporation Intermachine communication services
US5136634A (en) 1989-03-10 1992-08-04 Spectrafax Corp. Voice operated facsimile machine network
US5220501A (en) * 1989-12-08 1993-06-15 Online Resources, Ltd. Method and system for remote delivery of retail banking services
US5237693A (en) * 1990-04-04 1993-08-17 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha System for accessing peripheral devices connected in network
US5276789A (en) * 1990-05-14 1994-01-04 Hewlett-Packard Co. Graphic display of network topology
US5282270A (en) * 1990-06-06 1994-01-25 Apple Computer, Inc. Network device location using multicast
US5309437A (en) * 1990-06-29 1994-05-03 Digital Equipment Corporation Bridge-like internet protocol router
US5251205A (en) * 1990-09-04 1993-10-05 Digital Equipment Corporation Multiple protocol routing
US5261044A (en) * 1990-09-17 1993-11-09 Cabletron Systems, Inc. Network management system using multifunction icons for information display
US5544317A (en) * 1990-11-20 1996-08-06 Berg; David A. Method for continuing transmission of commands for interactive graphics presentation in a computer network
US5241625A (en) 1990-11-27 1993-08-31 Farallon Computing, Inc. Screen image sharing among heterogeneous computers
US5692525A (en) * 1992-09-11 1997-12-02 Philip Morris Incorporated Cigarette for electrical smoking system
US5293635A (en) * 1991-04-30 1994-03-08 Hewlett-Packard Company Detection on a network by a mapping application of a relative location of a first device to a second device
US5200993A (en) * 1991-05-10 1993-04-06 Bell Atlantic Network Services, Inc. Public telephone network including a distributed imaging system
JPH04372037A (en) * 1991-06-21 1992-12-25 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd System management information setting device
US5241525A (en) * 1991-10-01 1993-08-31 Xerox Corporation Digital optical disc encoder system
US5291415A (en) 1991-12-13 1994-03-01 Hughes Aircraft Company Method to determine tool paths for thinning and correcting errors in thickness profiles of films
US5287103A (en) * 1991-12-30 1994-02-15 At&T Bell Laboratories Method and apparatus for providing local area network clients with internetwork identification data
US5229988A (en) * 1992-01-21 1993-07-20 Hewlett-Packard Company System and method for distinguishing proxy replies of interconnecting devices from duplicate source address replies of non-interconnecting devices on a network
US5537586A (en) * 1992-04-30 1996-07-16 Individual, Inc. Enhanced apparatus and methods for retrieving and selecting profiled textural information records from a database of defined category structures
US5375068A (en) * 1992-06-03 1994-12-20 Digital Equipment Corporation Video teleconferencing for networked workstations
JP2826416B2 (en) * 1992-06-05 1998-11-18 日本電気株式会社 Connection router between the local area network
US5379296A (en) * 1992-12-31 1995-01-03 Unisys Corporation Method and apparatus for interfacing a workstation to a plurality of computer platforms
US5544320A (en) * 1993-01-08 1996-08-06 Konrad; Allan M. Remote information service access system based on a client-server-service model
US5351146A (en) * 1993-03-01 1994-09-27 At&T Bell Laboratories All-optical network architecture
CA2092455A1 (en) * 1993-03-25 1994-09-26 Johanna M. Rommens Process for isolating genes and the gene causative of huntington disease
US5355365A (en) * 1993-03-31 1994-10-11 Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. Intelligent local area network modem node
US5544315A (en) * 1993-05-10 1996-08-06 Communication Broadband Multimedia, Inc. Network multimedia interface
US5596500A (en) * 1993-10-25 1997-01-21 Trimble Navigation Limited Map reading system for indicating a user's position on a published map with a global position system receiver and a database
US5542789A (en) * 1994-02-22 1996-08-06 Aidlin; Stephen H. Multi position bottle guide assembly
US5625668A (en) * 1994-04-12 1997-04-29 Trimble Navigation Limited Position reporting cellular telephone
US5537141A (en) * 1994-04-15 1996-07-16 Actv, Inc. Distance learning system providing individual television participation, audio responses and memory for every student
US5424931A (en) * 1994-05-09 1995-06-13 Wheeler; Todd D. Mobile illumination device
US5802492A (en) * 1994-06-24 1998-09-01 Delorme Publishing Company, Inc. Computer aided routing and positioning system
US5535199A (en) * 1994-09-06 1996-07-09 Sun Microsystems, Inc. TCP/IP header compression X.25 networks
US5530703A (en) * 1994-09-23 1996-06-25 3Com Corporation Remote communication server with automatic filtering
US5485161A (en) * 1994-11-21 1996-01-16 Trimble Navigation Limited Vehicle speed control based on GPS/MAP matching of posted speeds
US5530852A (en) * 1994-12-20 1996-06-25 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method for extracting profiles and topics from a first file written in a first markup language and generating files in different markup languages containing the profiles and topics for use in accessing data described by the profiles and topics
US5533026A (en) * 1995-03-06 1996-07-02 International Business Machines Corporation Communication system including method and apparatus for maintaining communications with a mobile terminal
GB9516762D0 (en) 1995-08-16 1995-10-18 Phelan Sean P Computer system for identifying local resources
US5956509A (en) * 1995-08-18 1999-09-21 Microsoft Corporation System and method for performing remote requests with an on-line service network
US6049711A (en) * 1995-08-23 2000-04-11 Teletrac, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing location-based information services
US5737533A (en) 1995-10-26 1998-04-07 Wegener Internet Projects Bv System for generating a virtual reality scene in response to a database search
US5732074A (en) * 1996-01-16 1998-03-24 Cellport Labs, Inc. Mobile portable wireless communication system
US5930474A (en) * 1996-01-31 1999-07-27 Z Land Llc Internet organizer for accessing geographically and topically based information
JPH09305108A (en) * 1996-03-11 1997-11-28 Denso Corp Method and device for specifying location, and method and device for displaying map using them
US6293163B1 (en) * 1998-03-31 2001-09-25 The Regents Of The University Of California Fluid sampling tool
US20020046084A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2002-04-18 Scott A. Steele Remotely configurable multimedia entertainment and information system with location based advertising
US6374177B1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2002-04-16 Motorola, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing navigational services in a wireless communication device
JP3141499U (en) 2008-02-22 2008-05-08 勁百企業有限公司 Metal frame molding apparatus
JP5191504B2 (en) 2010-03-10 2013-05-08 中国電力株式会社 Lifting transport equipment
CN204104404U (en) 2014-04-07 2015-01-21 福建农林大学 Electric shock prevention indoor plant source negative ion surge device

Patent Citations (258)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1737520A (en) 1928-02-03 1929-11-26 Electric Directory Corp Directory board
US2455209A (en) 1947-05-26 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2455210A (en) 1947-12-23 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US3612837A (en) 1969-04-30 1971-10-12 Bendix Corp Aircraft strike assurance system
US3614328A (en) 1969-06-24 1971-10-19 Kenneth Eugene Mcnaughton Automatic subscriber answering service
US3724079A (en) 1970-09-23 1973-04-03 Trident Eng Ass Inc Navigational chart display device
US3949191A (en) 1972-05-18 1976-04-06 Optical Data Systems, Inc. Data storage and retrieval system
US3968573A (en) 1974-10-24 1976-07-13 Allen Grossman Method and means for information presentation
US4012133A (en) 1975-09-22 1977-03-15 Burton James J Shopping aid display viewer
US4086632A (en) 1976-09-27 1978-04-25 The Boeing Company Area navigation system including a map display unit for establishing and modifying navigation routes
US4311876A (en) 1977-04-06 1982-01-19 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd. Route guidance system for roadway vehicles
US4315747A (en) 1977-06-29 1982-02-16 Mcbryde F Webster Homolinear composite equal-area world projections
US4312041A (en) 1978-02-22 1982-01-19 Lear Siegler, Inc. Flight performance data computer system
US4220994A (en) 1978-07-27 1980-09-02 Eldon W. Planalp General purpose navigation aid device
US4253150A (en) 1978-09-29 1981-02-24 Scovill Royal J Pictorial navigation computer
US4400780A (en) 1979-04-27 1983-08-23 Furuno Electric Co., Ltd. Moving body track indicator system
GB2048604B (en) 1979-04-27 1983-04-27 Furuno Electric Co Moving body track indication system
US4312577A (en) 1979-08-13 1982-01-26 Fitzgerald J Vincent Motor vehicle map display system
US4413314A (en) 1980-06-16 1983-11-01 Forney Engineering Company Industrial process control system
US4301506A (en) 1980-07-07 1981-11-17 Turco Daniel J Auto routing computer for eliminating the need for maps or travel instructions
US4395740A (en) 1980-07-07 1983-07-26 Aubrey Yuen Apparatus and method for locating and presenting pre-recorded information
US4419079A (en) 1980-07-23 1983-12-06 Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation Aircraft piloting aid system
US4525717A (en) 1980-08-19 1985-06-25 Universitat Stuttgart, Institut Fur Flugnavigation Position display instrument
EP0051228B1 (en) 1980-10-31 1988-01-13 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Document information filing system
US4413322A (en) 1980-12-17 1983-11-01 Foster Airdata Systems Inc. Automatic waypoint area navigation system
US4527155A (en) 1981-03-04 1985-07-02 Nissan Motor Company, Limited System for maintaining an orientation of characters displayed with a rotatable image
US4608656A (en) 1981-04-13 1986-08-26 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Road map display system with indication of a vehicle position
US4466125A (en) 1981-04-24 1984-08-14 Omron Tateisi Electronics Co. Communication control system
US4543572A (en) 1981-05-13 1985-09-24 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Road map display system with indications of a vehicle position and destination
US4546873A (en) 1981-05-15 1985-10-15 The Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited Article retention system for transfer equipment
EP0066397B2 (en) 1981-05-15 1992-08-05 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigational apparatus for use in automotive vehicles
US4504913A (en) 1981-06-08 1985-03-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic navigator for automotive vehicles
US4428057A (en) 1981-06-09 1984-01-24 Texas Instruments Incorporated Electronic chart system
US4513377A (en) 1981-06-11 1985-04-23 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Vehicle-mounted navigator
US4528552A (en) 1981-06-15 1985-07-09 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Travel locus display device
US4630209A (en) 1981-07-01 1986-12-16 Toyota Jidosha Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Audio/visual display system for multiple maps
US4502123A (en) 1981-07-07 1985-02-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigation system for use with an automobile and reading unit for the system
US4470119A (en) 1981-07-07 1984-09-04 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Mobile navigator
US4481584A (en) 1981-07-30 1984-11-06 Holland Bobby H Highway information system
US4532514A (en) 1981-08-14 1985-07-30 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Course guidance system with speeded-up display function
US4570227A (en) 1981-08-17 1986-02-11 Agency Of Industrial Science & Technology Portable map display apparatus
US4511973A (en) 1981-08-24 1985-04-16 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigator for vehicles
US4514810A (en) 1981-09-17 1985-04-30 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Navigator for vehicles
US4400727A (en) 1981-11-27 1983-08-23 The Bendix Corporation Moving map display
US4484192A (en) 1981-12-17 1984-11-20 The Bendix Corporation Moving map display
US4429385A (en) 1981-12-31 1984-01-31 American Newspaper Publishers Association Method and apparatus for digital serial scanning with hierarchical and relational access
US4546439A (en) 1982-03-10 1985-10-08 Natividad Gene Esparza Method and apparatus for determining route from a present location to a desired destination in a city
US4521857A (en) 1982-05-17 1985-06-04 Avimage, Inc. Aviation weather information dissemination system
US4558300A (en) 1982-07-15 1985-12-10 Computer Sign Systems Limited Computer map
US4550317A (en) 1982-09-29 1985-10-29 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Drive guide display system for motor vehicle
EP0119674B1 (en) 1983-01-17 1988-01-13 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Travel guidance system for vehicles
US4646089A (en) 1983-01-17 1987-02-24 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Travel guidance system for vehicles
US4675676A (en) 1983-03-09 1987-06-23 Nippondenso Co. Ltd. Map display system
US4538229A (en) 1983-03-10 1985-08-27 Kavouras, Inc. System for preparing aircraft driftdown plans
US4571684A (en) 1983-03-25 1986-02-18 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system for vehicles
US4780717A (en) 1983-03-25 1988-10-25 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system for use on vehicle
US4890104A (en) 1983-03-25 1989-12-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system for use on vehicle
US4716404A (en) 1983-04-01 1987-12-29 Hitachi, Ltd. Image retrieval method and apparatus using annotations as guidance information
US4635202A (en) 1983-07-20 1987-01-06 Hitachi, Ltd. Navigation apparatus for automobile
US4682160A (en) 1983-07-25 1987-07-21 Harris Corporation Real time perspective display employing digital map generator
US4788643A (en) 1983-08-29 1988-11-29 Trippe Kenneth A B Cruise information and booking data processing system
US4577062A (en) 1983-09-02 1986-03-18 Butler National Corporation Method for dispensing information
EP0141508B1 (en) 1983-09-12 1988-08-10 BRITISH TELECOMMUNICATIONS public limited company Video map display
US4635136A (en) 1984-02-06 1987-01-06 Rochester Institute Of Technology Method and apparatus for storing a massive inventory of labeled images
US4677450A (en) 1984-03-19 1987-06-30 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Automotive navigation system
US4679147A (en) 1984-03-28 1987-07-07 Hitachi, Ltd. Navigation system with capability of instructing running direction
US4642775A (en) 1984-05-25 1987-02-10 Sundstrand Data Control, Inc. Airborne flight planning and information system
US4689747A (en) 1984-06-21 1987-08-25 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Vehicle navigational apparatus for displaying a road map
US4951211A (en) 1984-07-27 1990-08-21 Villeroche Gerard J De Electronic guiding and information system for traffic
US4758959A (en) 1984-08-14 1988-07-19 U.S. Philips Corporation Vehicle navigation system provided with an adaptive inertial navigation system based on the measurement of the speed and lateral acceleration of the vehicle and provided with a correction unit for correcting the measured values
US4839656A (en) 1984-08-16 1989-06-13 Geostar Corporation Position determination and message transfer system employing satellites and stored terrain map
US4965586A (en) 1984-08-16 1990-10-23 Geostar Corporation Position determination and message transfer system employing satellites and stored terrain map
US4744083A (en) 1984-09-14 1988-05-10 Geostar Corporation Satellite-based position determining and message transfer system with monitoring of link quality
US4914605A (en) 1984-10-22 1990-04-03 Etak, Inc. Apparatus and method for displaying a map
US4733356A (en) 1984-12-14 1988-03-22 Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft Control device for a vehicle route guidance system
US4645873A (en) 1985-01-23 1987-02-24 Telecue Systems Transactional telecommunication system
US4706198A (en) 1985-03-04 1987-11-10 Thurman Daniel M Computerized airspace control system
US4757455A (en) 1985-03-08 1988-07-12 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for a vehicle
US4774672A (en) 1985-03-11 1988-09-27 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for automotive vehicle including feature of updating vehicle position at selected points along preset course
US4763270A (en) 1985-03-20 1988-08-09 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for a vehicle and method therefor
US4796189A (en) 1985-03-20 1989-01-03 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Navigation system for automotive vehicle with automatic navigation start and navigation end point search and automatic route selection
US4782447A (en) 1985-04-03 1988-11-01 Nissan Motor Company, Ltd System and method for navigating a vehicle
US4761742A (en) 1985-04-26 1988-08-02 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Guiding spot display apparatus
US4937572A (en) 1985-04-27 1990-06-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display apparatus storing data of physically adjacent map sections in physically adjacent storage locations
US4774670A (en) 1985-04-29 1988-09-27 Lockheed Corporation Flight management system
US4744033A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-05-10 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic display system
US4737916A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-04-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Electronic map display system
US4737927A (en) 1985-04-30 1988-04-12 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display apparatus
US4760531A (en) 1985-05-16 1988-07-26 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system
US4812980A (en) 1985-05-16 1989-03-14 Nippondenso Co., Ltd. Map display system
US4698625A (en) 1985-05-30 1987-10-06 International Business Machines Corp. Graphic highlight adjacent a pointing cursor
US4805119A (en) 1985-06-27 1989-02-14 Sony Corporation User terminal for videotex
US4685068A (en) 1985-08-20 1987-08-04 The Singer Company Generic database generator system and method
US4766555A (en) 1985-09-03 1988-08-23 The Singer Company System for the automatic generation of data bases for use with a computer-generated visual display
US4791572A (en) 1985-11-20 1988-12-13 Mets, Inc. Method for accurately displaying positional information on a map
US4779138A (en) 1985-11-27 1988-10-18 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Compact liquid crystal television receiver having information memory
US4870576A (en) 1986-03-19 1989-09-26 Realpro, Ltd. Real estate search and location system and method
US5032989A (en) 1986-03-19 1991-07-16 Realpro, Ltd. Real estate search and location system and method
US4796190A (en) 1986-06-04 1989-01-03 Cummings Elihu C Navigation system
US4827420A (en) 1986-06-12 1989-05-02 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation apparatus for vehicle
US5317628A (en) 1986-07-17 1994-05-31 Efrat Future Technology Ltd. Message management system
US4673197A (en) 1986-07-25 1987-06-16 Manya Shtipelman Map display apparatus and method
US4843569A (en) 1986-09-25 1989-06-27 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Data input apparatus for picture data base management system
US5146219A (en) 1987-01-10 1992-09-08 Robert Bosch Gmbh Device for the output of safety-related road information in locating and navigating systems of land vehicles
US4893127A (en) 1987-02-06 1990-01-09 Raytheon Company Radar navigation system
US4937570A (en) 1987-02-26 1990-06-26 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Route guidance display device
US4907274A (en) 1987-03-13 1990-03-06 Kabushiki Kashia Toshiba Intelligent work station
US5148522A (en) 1987-03-17 1992-09-15 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Information retrieval apparatus and interface for retrieval of mapping information utilizing hand-drawn retrieval requests
US4868771A (en) 1987-03-30 1989-09-19 General Electric Company Computer image generation with topographical response
US4845631A (en) 1987-03-31 1989-07-04 Rockwell International Corporation Scrolling image memory for high speed avionics moving map display
US4951212A (en) 1987-04-08 1990-08-21 Hitachi Ltd. Automobile driving guide apparatus
US5059965A (en) 1987-04-11 1991-10-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method of and device for selection or entry of a destination in a motor vehicle system
US4812843A (en) 1987-05-04 1989-03-14 Champion Iii C Paul Telephone accessible information system
US4963864A (en) 1987-08-07 1990-10-16 Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Apparatus for displaying travel path
US4873513A (en) 1987-08-26 1989-10-10 Geodisplay Technology Limited Partnership Automated map display system
US4996645A (en) 1987-09-04 1991-02-26 U.S. Philips Corporation Vehicle navigation device with reproduction of a selected map element according to a predetermined representation standard
US4972319A (en) 1987-09-25 1990-11-20 Delorme David M Electronic global map generating system
US5030117A (en) 1987-09-25 1991-07-09 Delorme David M Digital global map generating system
US4897792A (en) 1987-09-29 1990-01-30 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Method of memorizing travel locus data for use in an automotive navigation system
US4896154A (en) 1987-10-28 1990-01-23 Eventide Inc. Map display system for vehicle navigation
US5084822A (en) 1987-12-15 1992-01-28 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation apparatus for moving object
US4862390A (en) 1987-12-24 1989-08-29 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for selection of one from a plurality of entries listed on a computer display
US5103400A (en) 1987-12-28 1992-04-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Shinsangyokaihatsu Destination guidance method of vehicle navigating
US4926336A (en) 1987-12-28 1990-05-15 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Route searching system of navigation apparatus
US5043902A (en) 1987-12-28 1991-08-27 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicular navigation apparatus
US5115399A (en) 1987-12-28 1992-05-19 Kabushiki Kaisha Shinsangyokaihatsu Position input system for vehicular navigation apparatus
US4992947A (en) 1987-12-28 1991-02-12 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicular navigation apparatus with help function
US4974170A (en) 1988-01-21 1990-11-27 Directional Data, Inc. Electronic directory for identifying a selected group of subscribers
GB2215319A (en) 1988-02-03 1989-09-20 Grundy Tamper-evident fitting for a beverage container
US4989151A (en) 1988-02-23 1991-01-29 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Navigation apparatus and matching method for navigation
US4954959A (en) 1988-03-02 1990-09-04 Aisin A W Co. Ltd. Navigation system
EP0330787B2 (en) 1988-03-02 1999-08-18 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation system
US4890249A (en) 1988-03-16 1989-12-26 Hughes Simulation Systems, Inc. Data compression and decompression for digital radar landmass simulation
US4862374A (en) 1988-05-13 1989-08-29 Ziemann Erich T Navigational plotting system
US4982332A (en) 1988-06-27 1991-01-01 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Road data generating method for use in an on-board navigation system
US5124924A (en) 1988-06-27 1992-06-23 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Point selecting apparatus for use in an on-board navigation system
US4817043A (en) 1988-06-28 1989-03-28 Brown Johnny M Information kiosk
EP0349430B1 (en) 1988-06-28 1995-05-17 Sony Corporation Rotary head drum apparatus
US4937752A (en) 1988-07-18 1990-06-26 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. An apparatus for correcting distance error in a navigation system
US4954958A (en) 1988-08-19 1990-09-04 Hacowie Corporation Directional information system
US4943974A (en) 1988-10-21 1990-07-24 Geostar Corporation Detection of burst signal transmissions
US5031104A (en) 1988-12-05 1991-07-09 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Adaptive in-vehicle route guidance system
US5005147A (en) 1988-12-30 1991-04-02 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator, The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Method and apparatus for sensor fusion
EP0379198B2 (en) 1989-01-18 1999-03-17 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Mobile object navigation system
US5161242A (en) 1989-01-24 1992-11-03 Boulay Peter C Automated repeating sextant (ARS)
US4999780A (en) 1989-03-03 1991-03-12 The Boeing Company Automatic reconfiguration of electronic landing display
US5155806A (en) 1989-03-15 1992-10-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for displaying context sensitive help information on a display
US5109399A (en) 1989-08-18 1992-04-28 Alamo City Technologies, Inc. Emergency call locating system
US5229947A (en) 1989-09-21 1993-07-20 Laser Data Technology, Inc. Highway information system
US5021961A (en) 1989-09-21 1991-06-04 Laser Data Technology, Inc. Highway information system
US5036523A (en) 1989-10-03 1991-07-30 Geostar Corporation Automatic frequency control of satellite transmitted spread spectrum signals
US5117363A (en) 1989-10-11 1992-05-26 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Onboard navigation system
US5089826A (en) 1989-10-24 1992-02-18 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Navigation system for movable body
US5289572A (en) * 1989-10-24 1994-02-22 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Electronic map combined with user service information
DE4033829C2 (en) 1989-10-24 1994-11-10 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Service information equipment
US5133081A (en) 1989-11-03 1992-07-21 Mayo Scott T Remotely controllable message broadcast system including central programming station, remote message transmitters and repeaters
US5179652A (en) 1989-12-13 1993-01-12 Anthony I. Rozmanith Method and apparatus for storing, transmitting and retrieving graphical and tabular data
US5375074A (en) 1990-01-23 1994-12-20 At&T Corp. Unboundedly parallel simulations
US5197009A (en) 1990-01-24 1993-03-23 Mid America Technologies, Inc. Apparatus for and method of creating delivery route maps
US5142480A (en) 1990-02-27 1992-08-25 Iimorrow, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing an indication as to whether an aircraft can safely glide to a selected destination
US5121325A (en) 1990-04-04 1992-06-09 Smiths Industries Aerospace & Defense Systems, Inc. Required time of arrival (RTA) control system
EP0452613B1 (en) 1990-04-17 1995-11-08 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Image information display apparatus
US5293163A (en) 1990-06-06 1994-03-08 Mazda Motor Corporation Navigation apparatus for vehicles
US5068838A (en) 1990-07-18 1991-11-26 Klausner Patent Technologies Location acquisition and time adjusting system
US5173691A (en) 1990-07-26 1992-12-22 Farradyne Systems, Inc. Data fusion process for an in-vehicle traffic congestion information system
US5164904A (en) 1990-07-26 1992-11-17 Farradyne Systems, Inc. In-vehicle traffic congestion information system
US5214757A (en) 1990-08-07 1993-05-25 Georesearch, Inc. Interactive automated mapping system
US5177685A (en) 1990-08-09 1993-01-05 Massachusetts Institute Of Technology Automobile navigation system using real time spoken driving instructions
US5243528A (en) 1990-09-12 1993-09-07 Motorola, Inc. Land vehicle navigation apparatus with visual display
US5220507A (en) 1990-11-08 1993-06-15 Motorola, Inc. Land vehicle multiple navigation route apparatus
US5396254A (en) 1990-11-08 1995-03-07 Sanden Corporation Position recognition system and position-coordinate converting device
US5237323A (en) 1990-11-21 1993-08-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Map retrieving system having a learning function
US5371678A (en) 1990-11-22 1994-12-06 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. System and method for navigating vehicle along set route of travel
US5379421A (en) 1990-11-29 1995-01-03 Palazzi, Iii; Michael A. Interactive terminal for the access of remote database information
US5172321A (en) 1990-12-10 1992-12-15 Motorola, Inc. Vehicle route planning system
US5212643A (en) 1991-01-17 1993-05-18 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Vehicle-mounted navigation apparatus
US5299132A (en) 1991-01-17 1994-03-29 By-Word Technologies, Inc. Vehicle locating and communicating method and apparatus using cellular telephone network
US5239480A (en) 1991-02-06 1993-08-24 Ais Infonetics Inc. Automatic ticket dispensing system
US5524202A (en) 1991-03-01 1996-06-04 Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd. Method for forming graphic database and system utilizing the method
JP3231047B2 (en) 1991-03-19 2001-11-19 株式会社リコー Digital color image forming apparatus
US5265024A (en) 1991-04-05 1993-11-23 Vigyan, Inc. Pilots automated weather support system
US5424951A (en) 1991-04-12 1995-06-13 Pioneer Electronic Corporation On-board navigation apparatus having user registering function
EP0508787A2 (en) * 1991-04-12 1992-10-14 Pioneer Electronic Corporation On-board navigation apparatus
US5136334A (en) 1991-05-17 1992-08-04 Hewlett-Packard Company Method and apparatus for preparing liquid tone for direct transfer to the media during electrophotographic printing
US5402117A (en) 1991-05-27 1995-03-28 U.S. Philips Corporation Method of collecting traffic information, and system for performing the method
US5381338A (en) 1991-06-21 1995-01-10 Wysocki; David A. Real time three dimensional geo-referenced digital orthophotograph-based positioning, navigation, collision avoidance and decision support system
US5579535A (en) 1991-07-01 1996-11-26 Motorola, Inc. Personal communication system providing supplemental information mode
US5635953A (en) 1991-07-11 1997-06-03 Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Map displaying apparatus
US5543788A (en) 1991-07-12 1996-08-06 Fujitsu Limited Map management system in geographic information management system
US5442557A (en) 1991-07-26 1995-08-15 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation device
US5365449A (en) 1991-09-27 1994-11-15 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation device
EP0539146B1 (en) 1991-10-22 1995-12-20 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation system
US5283575A (en) 1991-11-08 1994-02-01 Zexel Corporation System and method for locating a travelling vehicle
US5237499A (en) 1991-11-12 1993-08-17 Garback Brent J Computer travel planning system
US5329108A (en) 1991-11-22 1994-07-12 Cherloc Map with indexes for a geographical information system and system for applying same
JP3140816B2 (en) 1991-11-27 2001-03-05 倉敷化工株式会社 Cylindrical liquid Fubofu device and manufacturing method thereof
US5526265A (en) 1991-12-17 1996-06-11 The Boeing Company Alternate destination predictor for aircraft
US5398186A (en) 1991-12-17 1995-03-14 The Boeing Company Alternate destination predictor for aircraft
US5179385A (en) 1992-01-02 1993-01-12 International Marine Industries, Inc. Visual navigation aid with point of interest feature
US5289195A (en) 1992-01-27 1994-02-22 Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha Positioning and displaying system
US5334974A (en) 1992-02-06 1994-08-02 Simms James R Personal security system
US5617319A (en) 1992-02-18 1997-04-01 Pioneer Electronic Corporation Navigation apparatus with enhanced positional display function
JP3141499B2 (en) 1992-03-18 2001-03-05 日本鋼管株式会社 Ellipsometric parameter measurement method and ellipsometer
US5282052A (en) 1992-03-20 1994-01-25 Xerox Corporation Techniques for automatic form creation by combining partial operations
US5329464A (en) 1992-03-23 1994-07-12 Puget Sound Power & Light Company Utility layout design system
US5291412A (en) 1992-03-24 1994-03-01 Zexel Corporation Navigation system
US5262775A (en) 1992-04-07 1993-11-16 Zexel Corporation Navigation system with off-route detection and route recalculation
US5608635A (en) 1992-04-14 1997-03-04 Zexel Corporation Navigation system for a vehicle with route recalculation between multiple locations
US5291413A (en) 1992-04-14 1994-03-01 Zexel Corporation Daihatsu-Nissan Ikebukuro Navigation system for guiding a vehicle along a precomputed optimal route
US5307292A (en) 1992-06-24 1994-04-26 Christopher A. Brown Method of quantifying the topographic structure of a surface
US5432841A (en) 1992-07-10 1995-07-11 Rimer; Neil A. System for locating and communicating with mobile vehicles
US5362239A (en) 1992-07-16 1994-11-08 Dave Pfuetze Mapping and geographic locator system
US5275568A (en) 1992-07-16 1994-01-04 Dave Pfuetze Geographic locator system
US5321520A (en) 1992-07-20 1994-06-14 Automated Medical Access Corporation Automated high definition/resolution image storage, retrieval and transmission system
US5293484A (en) 1992-07-22 1994-03-08 Signtel, Inc. Method and apparatus for controlling electronics signs using radiopaging signals
US5289371A (en) 1992-09-11 1994-02-22 Memorylink, Inc. System and method for routing data and communications
US5625771A (en) 1992-11-04 1997-04-29 Hitachi, Ltd. Method for making cursor form
US5457738A (en) 1993-03-23 1995-10-10 U S West Advanced Technologies, Inc. Method and system for searching an on-line directory at a telephone station
US6282489B1 (en) 1993-05-28 2001-08-28 Mapquest.Com, Inc. Methods and apparatus for displaying a travel route and generating a list of places of interest located near the travel route
US5727201A (en) 1993-06-04 1998-03-10 Phonelink Plc Online data retrieval system
US5581678A (en) 1993-08-06 1996-12-03 Borland International, Inc. System and methods for automated graphing of spreadsheet information
US5461708A (en) 1993-08-06 1995-10-24 Borland International, Inc. Systems and methods for automated graphing of spreadsheet information
US5537324A (en) 1993-08-07 1996-07-16 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Navigation system
US5471392A (en) 1993-08-17 1995-11-28 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Geographic information display apparatus
US5422809A (en) 1993-08-25 1995-06-06 Touch Screen Media, Inc. Method and apparatus for providing travel destination information and making travel reservations
JP3150699B2 (en) 1993-10-15 2001-03-26 ザ リージェンツ オブ ザ ユニバーシティ オブ カリフォルニア Also be identified mutagenic change, the detection system of mutagens
US5369429A (en) 1993-10-20 1994-11-29 Lasermaster Corporation Continuous ink refill system for disposable ink jet cartridges having a predetermined ink capacity
US5584025A (en) 1993-10-29 1996-12-10 The Real Estate Network Apparatus and method for interactive communication for tracking and viewing data
US5452240A (en) 1993-11-23 1995-09-19 Roca Productions, Inc. Electronically simulated rotary-type cardfile
US5532838A (en) 1993-12-27 1996-07-02 Barbari; Edward P. Method & apparatus for dynamically creating and transmitting documents via facsimile equipment
US5699244A (en) 1994-03-07 1997-12-16 Monsanto Company Hand-held GUI PDA with GPS/DGPS receiver for collecting agronomic and GPS position data
US5729731A (en) 1994-03-18 1998-03-17 Hitachi, Ltd. Method of retrieving in a database through image information
US5754850A (en) 1994-05-11 1998-05-19 Realselect, Inc. Real-estate method and apparatus for searching for homes in a search pool for exact and close matches according to primary and non-primary selection criteria
US5848373A (en) 1994-06-24 1998-12-08 Delorme Publishing Company Computer aided map location system
US5543789A (en) 1994-06-24 1996-08-06 Shields Enterprises, Inc. Computerized navigation system
US5559707A (en) 1994-06-24 1996-09-24 Delorme Publishing Company Computer aided routing system
US5652717A (en) 1994-08-04 1997-07-29 City Of Scottsdale Apparatus and method for collecting, analyzing and presenting geographical information
US5471205A (en) 1994-08-31 1995-11-28 Izawa; Michio Map displaying method
US5784059A (en) 1994-09-16 1998-07-21 Aisin Aw Co., Ltd. Vehicle navigation system with destination selection using hierarchical menu arrangement with selective level skipping
US5528518A (en) 1994-10-25 1996-06-18 Laser Technology, Inc. System and method for collecting data used to form a geographic information system database
US5570283A (en) 1994-11-18 1996-10-29 Travelnet, Inc. Corporate travel controller
US5550746A (en) 1994-12-05 1996-08-27 American Greetings Corporation Method and apparatus for storing and selectively retrieving product data by correlating customer selection criteria with optimum product designs based on embedded expert judgments
US5648768A (en) 1994-12-30 1997-07-15 Mapsys, Inc. System and method for identifying, tabulating and presenting information of interest along a travel route
US5682525A (en) 1995-01-11 1997-10-28 Civix Corporation System and methods for remotely accessing a selected group of items of interest from a database
US5659732A (en) 1995-05-17 1997-08-19 Infoseek Corporation Document retrieval over networks wherein ranking and relevance scores are computed at the client for multiple database documents
US5751956A (en) 1996-02-21 1998-05-12 Infoseek Corporation Method and apparatus for redirection of server external hyper-link references
US5963915A (en) 1996-02-21 1999-10-05 Infoseek Corporation Secure, convenient and efficient system and method of performing trans-internet purchase transactions
US5855020A (en) 1996-02-21 1998-12-29 Infoseek Corporation Web scan process
US5870546A (en) 1996-02-21 1999-02-09 Infoseek Corporation Method and apparatus for redirection of server external hyper-link reference
US5920854A (en) 1996-08-14 1999-07-06 Infoseek Corporation Real-time document collection search engine with phrase indexing
US5845278A (en) 1997-09-12 1998-12-01 Inioseek Corporation Method for automatically selecting collections to search in full text searches
JP3282580B2 (en) 1998-04-01 2002-05-13 株式会社島津製作所 A laser diffraction and diffusion particle size distribution measuring apparatus
JP4251284B2 (en) 2003-12-01 2009-04-08 旭硝子株式会社 Garasuribu structure and glass screen structure
JP5334373B2 (en) 2007-03-05 2013-11-06 新日鉄住金化学株式会社 The novel phosphorus-containing epoxy resin, epoxy resin composition and the epoxy resin as an essential component and the cured product thereof
JP5165401B2 (en) 2008-01-25 2013-03-21 北勢工業株式会社 Wall-like buildings and units used therein can be a 囲塞 formula buildings
JP5313580B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2013-10-09 ヤマハ発動機株式会社 Outboard motor
JP5303335B2 (en) 2009-03-30 2013-10-02 セーレン株式会社 Cleaning mechanism of the conveyor belt and the ink jet recording apparatus having the same
JP5333768B2 (en) 2009-09-04 2013-11-06 東芝ライテック株式会社 Led lighting device and a lighting device

Non-Patent Citations (271)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
"‘edmonton telephones’ 1985 annual report;" ‘edmonton telephones’, pp. 9-10.
"0Exemplary Systems and Critical Performance Factors Accessibility Evaluation;" (1 in. Thick compilation; source and date unknown).
"1983 Buyer's Guide," Sign of the Times, p. 107-108.
"98 Infoseek Annual Report;" Infoseek Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA.
"A Guide to Zip2 Hoembase Technology;" Zip 2 Corporation, 1999.
"A Network of Teleguide Systems to Link North American Systems;"Videotex News, (undated).
"Ads on Wheels Roll Into Supermarkets;" Chain Store Age Executive, p. 49, 9/88.
"Advanced Interactive Video, Inc. Business Plan" Sep. 1987.
"AltaVista Zip 2 Community;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Ancient Pompeii Culture Revealed by GIS;" GIS World, Inc., pp. 28-31, 1990.
"ARC/Info Primer 4.0;" Environmental Systems Research Institute, Users Guide 7/87.
"ARC/Info/ vol. 2 Command References;" Environmental Systems Research Institute, Users Guide 1989.
"Auburn prof's ‘computer’ helps tourists avoid getting lost;" The Atlanta Journal and Constitution; p. 16-B Aug. 28, 1983.
"automap road atlas guide for Macintosh;" AutoMap, Inc., Bellevue, WA, 1993.
"automap road atlas guide for Windows;" AutoMap, Inc., Bellevue, WA, 1993.
"AutoRoute Express for Windows;" Personal Computer World, p. 214-216, 11/1992.
"Autoroute Express for Windows;" What PC?, p. 26, 2/93.
"AutoRoute Nieuwsbrief;" Zomereditie, 1992.
"AutoRoute Plus Reference Manual;" NextBase Limited, Staines, Middlesex, England, 1989.
"AutoRoute Plus User Guide;" NextBase Limited, Staines, Middlesex, England, Jul. 1989.
"Autoroute upgrades to go places;" What Micro? May 1989.
"Autoroute-drommen for lata bilister;" Micro Datorn (Sweden), 10/93.
"Autoroute—drommen for lata bilister;" Micro Datorn (Sweden), 10/93.
"Backgrounders;" (source and date unknown), pp. 1-2.
"Best-Selling Personal and Education Programs;" PC/Computing (date unknown).
"Bodite na cilju pred drugimi!" Win:ini p. 48-49, 52-53, 12/94.
"CADIS info system debuts at airport;" Edmonton Examiner, Aug. 18, 1986.
"CADIS is as easy as ABC;" The Edmonton Sunday, Jan. 5, 1985.
"CADIS Multi Reference Manual Table of Contents;" pp. 1-13, Jan. 23, 1987.
"Color Remote Map Reader Packaged for USAF Tests;" Aviation Week & Space Technology, p. 142-143, Aug. 22, 1983.
"Computer Navigation Coming to Law Enforcement;" Law and Order, vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 24-26, 2/85.
"DeBartolo Rolls Out Viola System Malls;" The Videodisc Monitor, p. 5, 7/87.
"Designs Expands Single-Vector Concert;" Chain Store Age Executive, pp. 78 & 80, 1/88.
"Desktop Mapping The MapInfo Way;" MapInfo Press, Troy, NY, 1990.
"Directory Listings;" Signs of the Times, (date unknown).
"DIY Promos Via Video POS;" Chain Store Age Executive, pp. 76, 78.
"edmonton telephones' 1985 annual report;" p. 9-10.
"Express version of Autoroute launched;" PC Week, p. 4, Apr. 30, 1991.
"Finding your way to next base;" PC Business World.
"Geographical Information Systems vol. 1: Principles;" Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, England, pp. 18-43, 1991.
"Geographical Information Systems vol. 2; Applications;" Longman Scientific & Technical, Essex, England, pp. 272-273, 1991.
"Home Videotex-Now You Can Bank on It;" Videotex News, (undated).
"Home Videotex—Now You Can Bank on It;" Videotex News, (undated).
"Infoseek.go[1]" programming (undated; doc. numbered IS000002).
"Interactive POS Video Yields Instant Results;" Chain Store Age Executive, p. 52 & 51, 9/88.
"Interactive Video: Revealing Who and How;" Chain Store Age Executive, p. 28, 7/88.
"Lucky Uses High-Tech Kosks for Advantage;" Chain Store Age Executive, pp. 57-58, 9/87.
"Mall's directory highly advanced," The Edmonton Journal, p. C3, Dec. 22, 1986.
"Mall's directory highly advanced;" The Edmonton Journal, Dec. 1986, p. C3.
"Map‘n’Go Plan the Perfect Vacation;" DeLorme 1999.
"Mapbase;" NextBase Limited, Middlesex, England, 1993.
"MapInfo 4.50 Release Notes," Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Troy, NY, 1990.
"MapInfo Command Reference Version 4.0;" Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Troy, NY, 1989.
"MapInfo Desktop Mapping Software Addendum;" Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Troy, NY, 1988.
"MapInfo for Dos, Command Reference Version 5.0;" Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Troy, NY, 1991.
"MapInfo for Dos, User's Guide Version 5.0;" MapInfo Corporation, Troy, NY.
"MapInfo Microcomputer Mapping Software Version 2.0" Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Troy, NY, 1988.
"MapInfo User's Guide Version 1.1;" MapInfo Corporation, Troy, NY, 1990.
"Midas Command Reference;" Mapping Infomration Systems Corporation; Version 1.21, 5/87.
"Midas Tutorial;" Mapping Information Systems Corporation, Version 1.21, 5/87.
"New Growth for Grassroots;" Videotex News, (undated).
"News Briefs;" Videotex World, Jun. 1985, p. 62.
"NextBase developing European route system;" Transport Week, p. 20, Aug. 25, 1990.
"Nextbase launches AutoRoute Express version 3.0;" (source and date unknown).
"Owner's Manual and Reference Guide StreetPilot GPS Color Map;" Garmin Corporation, 1/99.
"Owner's Manual and Reference Guide StreetPilot GPS:" Garmin Corporation, 1/98.
"P.O.P./Interactive;" Electronic Display News, pp. 9-10, Feb./Mar. 1989.
"Phone Search USA Version 4.5;" DeLorme 1999.
"Product Review;" Identity, pp. 12 & 14, Summer 1988.
"Products;" Signs of the Times, 10/87.
"Quick Start Guide StreetPilot GPS Color Map;" Garmin Corporation, 1998.
"Quick Start Guide StreetPilot GPS;" Garmin Corporation, 1998.
"Sample Pricing;" p. 11 (source unknown).
"Some Home Centers Opt for DIY Videos;" Chain Store Age Executive, pp. 361-362, 9/88.
"Street Atlas USA Version 6.0;" DeLorme 1998.
"Sweet Reason Versus Faith;" Videotex News, (undated).
"Sweet's Catalog File;" McGraw Hill Information Systems Company, NY, NY, multiple pages, 1986.
"Take Your PC on the Road;" (source and date unknown).
"Technology: At Home on the sSelling Floor, Retailers are Becoming Comfortable with High-Tech In-Store Systems;" Chain Store Age Executive, pp. 35-36, 12/87.
"Trade Mall;" SCW Convention News Daily, pp. 67-68, May 15, 1985.
"TransCad Transportation GIS Software;" Caliper Corporation, (date unknown).
"UK version 4 of AutoRoute Plus;" (unable to read source and date).
"Viewpoint;" Videotex World, Jun. 1986, p. 35.
"Viola!-New POP System from AIV;" The Videodisc Monitor, p. 3, Sep. 1995.
"Viola!—New POP System from AIV;" The Videodisc Monitor, p. 3, Sep. 1995.
"What is Happening with Interactive Technology;" Video Systems, pp. 46 & 50, 8/99.
"Zip 2 Auto Guide;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Zip 2 Business Directory;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Zip 2 Homebase;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Zip 2 Media Platform;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Zip 2 Professional Services;" Zip 2 (no date).
"Zip 2 Real Estate Guide;" Zip 2 (no date).
(JP) Brochure; "Panasonic Car Entertainment System".
(JP) Brochure; "Software Information;" 1993.
(JP) Catalog, "Carrozzeria by Pioneer".
(JP) Catalog; "Zenrin Navisoft Full Line-Up Catalogue;" ASCII Corporation/Zenrin Corporation 1992.
(JP) Mitsubishi Brochures; "Voice Guide & 8ch GPS Navigation".
(JP) Zenrin Advertisement (Navisoft).
(JP) Zenrin Brochure 1993.
Advertisement for CADIS; Signs of the Times; 1986 Buyer's Guide.
Advertisement, "A New Approach to Public Access;" Videotex World, vol. 2, No. 3, p. 57, Spring 1986.
Advertisement, "How to make a big mall small, CADIS," (source and date unknown).
Advertisement, Alphatel Videotex Directories Limited, Signs of the Times, p. 14, date unknown, p. 14.
Advertisement, Alphatel Videotex Directories Limited, Signs of the Times, p. 18, date unknown, p. 18.
Advertisement; Signs of the Times, p. 18, Mid-Nov. 1986.
Anderson, Robert H. and Shapiro, Norman Z.; "Design Considerations for Computer-Based Interactive Map Display Systems;" Computer Graphics Hardware, pp. 10-34 (date unknown).
Article, "What's New;" Ohio Business, p. 73, 7/87.
Benning, Herman J.G.M., "Digital Maps on Compact Disc;" SAE, Technical Paper Series, Paper No. 860125, 1986.
Bixler, Brian; "Marketplace is literally at your fingerprints;" Florida Today, pp. 1E-2E, May 15, 1986.
Braegas, Peter; "Function, Equipment, and Field Testing of a Route Guidance and Information System for Drivers (ALI);" IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Tech., vol. VT29, No. 1, May 1980.
Brochure to 3Com Palm Computing Organizer Owners; DeLorme, (undated).
Brochure to Mapping Enthusiasts re Street Atlas USA' 6.0; DeLorme, (undated).
Brochure; "AAA Map‘n’Go;" DeLorme (undated).
Brochure; "AT&T Public Access Terminal;" (source unknown) Feb. 1986.
Brochure; "ATN," ATNI, Provo, UT (date unknown).
Brochure; "automap road atlas version 3.0 for Windows;" AutoMap, Inc., 1993.
Brochure; "CADIS Directing shoppers to your store;" (undated).
Brochure; "CADIS Increasing Building Productivity;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Ltd., (undated).
Brochure; "CADIS Increasing shopping centre productivity;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Ltd.
Brochure; "CADIS Information So your customers don't get lost in the crowd;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Ltd., (undated).
Brochure; "CADIS Serving the Needs of Advertisers and Shoppers with Effective In-Maill Advertising;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Ltd., 1985.
Brochure; "CADIS;" KROY Sign Systems (undated).
Brochure; "Capitalize on the Robust Performance of GeoEngine;" Etak, Inc., (undated).
Brochure; "CompuDirect;" Computer Sign Systems Limited, Markham, Ont. CA (undated).
Brochure; "CompuDirect2;" Computer Sign Systems Limited, Markham, Ont. CA (undated).
Brochure; "Directouch 1000;" Metro Vision of North America, Syracuse, NY, (undated).
Brochure; "Electronic Directory Systems;" Clair Woertendyke Associates, Inc.
Brochure; "Grail Greater Resort Area Information Link;" Grail, Waitsfield, VT, (undated).
Brochure; "How to make a big mall small;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Ltd. 1985.
Brochure; "IBM Expo Info—Helping You Touch The Future;" International Business Machines International, Atlanta, GA 1986.
Brochure; "IBM InfoWindow System—Equipment that make information come alive;" International Business Machines International, Atlanta, GA 1986.
Brochure; "IBM InfoWindow System—One touch makes information come alive;" International Business Machines International, Atlanta, GA 1986.
Brochure; "IBM Video/PAssage Author and IBM Video Passage Presentor;" International Business Machines International, Atlanta, GA 1986.
Brochure; "Magellan 750 NAV Vehicle Navigation System;" Magellan Driver Information Systems, Rochester Hills, MI 1999.
Brochure; "Magellan PathMaster—Turn-by-turn route guidance & driver information system;" Magellan Driver Information Systems, Rochester Hills, MI (undated).
Brochure; "Make IT'S A Part of Your Electronic Merchandising Strategy;" Interactive Training Systems, Inc. (unknown).
Brochure; "NCR InteracTV-2," (source and date unknown).
Brochure; "Product Announcement—IBM 4055 InfoWindows Display Announced;" IBM Canada ltd., pp. 1-7, Jun. 16, 1986.
Brochure; "Programming Announcement—IBM InfoWindow Control Program Version 1.0, Release 1.1;" IBM Canada ltd., pp. 1-10, Jun. 16, 1986.
Brochure; "Programming Announcement—Video/Passage Multimedia Authoring and Presentation System Version 1;" IBM Canada ltd., pp. 1-10, Jun. 16, 1986.
Brochure; "Select/One;" SWS Information Systems, Santa Monica, CA (undated).
Brochure; "SkyMap Pro—The GPS and Map'System that Everyone is Talking About;" Etak, Inc., Menlo Park, CA 1998.
Brochure; "SkyMap Traveler, the Complete GPS and Map'System for All Your Travel Needs;" Etak, Inc., Menlo Park, CA 1998.
Brochure; "Solus Pro and Earthmate GPS Receiver;" DeLorme, (undated).
Brochure; "Street Atlas USA 5.0;" DeLorme, Yarmouth, ME (undated).
Brochure; "StreetPilot GPS Car Navigation that goes from here to here." Garmin International 1998.
Brochure; "Teleguide;" Infomart (date unknown).
Brochure; "Teleguide—Satisfying consumer needs;" Infomart, Toronto, Ont., CA (date unknown).
Brochure; "The Worlds' First Automotive Navigation System The Etak Navigator;" (source and date unknown).
Brochure; "Touch & Go;" Touch Information, Inc., Chattanooga, TN, (undated).
Brochure; "Touchdown Typical Applications;" Digital Technologies, Inc., 1992.
Brochure; "Tough Protection for Public Access Electronics;" Bratton Crews Cumming Group, Inc., (date unknown).
Byard, Katie; "Automated directory may save mall shoppers steps;" Akron Beacon Journal, Jul. 15, 198_.
CADIS Advertisement, The Edmonton Sunday Jan. 21, 1985.
CADIS Advertisement; SCW Convention News Daily, p. 67, May 15, 1985.
CADIS Brochure; "Directing shoppers to your store;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Limited 1985.
CADIS Brochure; "Increasing Building Productivity;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Limited.
CADIS Brochure; "Serving the Needs of Advertisesrs and Shoppers with Effective In-Mall Advertising;" Alphatel Videotex Directories Limited 1985.
CADIS Map, West Edmonton Mall.
Castle, Gilbert H.; "Real Estate;" Profiting From A Geographic InformationSystem, Ch. 5, pp. 85, 90, 1993.
Catalgog; "1999 Magellan Products;" Magellan Corporation, San Dimas, CA.
Catalog of participants with booths at "ICSC 1985 Convention, Exposition and Leasing Mall, New Orleans, May 12-17".
Chronicle Videotex, Inc. Fact Sheet, undated, San Francisco, CA.
Computer printout, "Magellan Pathmaster;" magellangps.com Aug. 5, 1999.
Computer Printout; "A Videotex Pioneer Pushes Into the U.S. Market;" Business Week, p. 63, Apr. 16, 1984.
Computer Printout; "Baltimore Offers Data by Computer;" Los Angeles Times, Part 7, p. 16, Nov. 16, 1986.
Computer Printout; "Chronicle-Videotex; Acquires U.S. Teleguide rights;" Business Wire, Inc. Jun. 9, 1986.
Computer Printout; "Electronic Almanacs are There for the Asking;" The New York Times, Sec. 4; p. 9, Mar. 18, 1984.
Computer Printout; "Infomart of Dallas: Mixing the old with the new;" Data Communications, p. 62, 10/84.
Computer Printout; "Mitsui to Introduce Canadian ‘Teleguide’ Videotex Software in Japan;" Jiji Press Ticker Service, Mar. 5, 1985.
Computer Printout; "SFCVB; And Bay Area Teleguide join forces to guide tourists;" Business Wire, Inc., May 9, 1984.
Computer Printout; "Solus Pro Overview;" DeLorme (undated).
Computer Printout; "Strategic Mapping introduces next generation of desktop mapping software;" Business Wire, Nov. 1, 1993.
Computer Printout; "Videotex industry searches for salvation;" ASAP, vol. 106, p. 40, Apr. 23, 1984.
Computer Printout; Angus, Jeff; "Map Software; CityGuide takes the guesswork out of business travel," InfoWorld, Section: Review; p. 81, Mar. 1, 1993.
Computer Printout; Bartimo, Jim; "Videotex Changes Direction;" InfoWorld Media Group, p. 34, May 21, 1984.
Computer Printout; Beeler, Jeffrey; "Videotex system puts LA at Olympics visitors' fingertips;" Computerworld, Inc., p. 1, Aug. 6, 1984.
Computer Printout; Berger, Dan; "Teleguide's coming to town; Machines offer some good, free advice;" The San Diego Union-Tribune, p. 11, Mar. 10, 1985.
Computer Printout; Berger, Dan; "Videotex is hard to define;" The San Diego Union-Tribune, p. 1-10, Mar. 10, 1985.
Computer Printout; Crabb, Don; "MapInfo 2.0; the latest release of MapInfo goes to the head of the class . . . ;" MacUser, vol. 9, No. 8, p. 65, 8/93.
Computer Printout; Fairlie, Rick; "Software Integrates city data, maps; Personal Travel Technologiese develops pathfinding system for travelers; Personal Travel Guide; Automation Report;" Travel Weekly, vol. 51, No. 94, p. 53, Nov. 23, 1992.
Computer Printout; Furchgott, Roy; "Angling for Ad Dollars with Tourism Technology;" Baltimore Business Journal, vol. 4, No. 2, Sec. 1, p. 4, Jun. 23, 1986.
Computer Printout; Gooding, Clair; "Charting a new course—Claire Gooding looks at the benefits . . . ;" Financial Times, London, p. 20, Oct. 28, 1993.
Computer Printout; Hurly, Paul; "Boosting Sales . . . Electronically;" Industry Week, p. 33, Mar. 31, 1986.
Computer Printout; Latamore, G. Berton; "Public-Access Videotex Makes Computers Visitor Friendly;" Chicago Tribune Company, Sports Final Edition, p. 76, Jun. 14, 1985.
Computer Printout; McCarron, John; "Supermaps Computers Put Big Cities on Road to High Efficiency;" Chicago Tribune, Section—Tomorrow, p. 1, Aug. 3, 1986.
Computer Printout; Michaelides, Lee; "Lyme Firm Intent on Digitizing the Nation;" Vermont Business, Sec. 1, p. 75, 5/86.
Computer Printout; Reinhold, Robert; "Revolution Changes the World of Maps;" The New York Times, Sec. C, p. 2.
Computer Printout; Ruoff, Mary; "Dutch Look to Bridge Cities' Business, Culture;" Baltimore Business Journal, vol. 5, No. 44, Sec. 2, p. 1B, Apr. 11, 1988.
Computer Printout; Schwaback, Bob; "Computerized maps go beyond paper versions;" Star Tribune, Minneapolis, MN, Section: Marketplace, p. 2D, Sep. 23, 1993.
Computer Printout; Varin, Andra; "Travel shorts;" United Press International, Nov. 12, 1986.
Computer Printout; Warner, Edware; "Smart maps; new route to profits: digital-map systems can save siness up to $50 billion annually;" Infotechnology Publishing Corporation, High Technology Business, vol. 8, No. 12, p. 20, 12/88.
Computer Printout-Nash, Bob; "Mall Test Encourages Interactive Computer Firm;" Business First-Columbus Inc., Columbus, OH, p. 16, Sep. 16, 1985.
Computer Printout—Nash, Bob; "Mall Test Encourages Interactive Computer Firm;" Business First-Columbus Inc., Columbus, OH, p. 16, Sep. 16, 1985.
Cooke, Donald F.; "Map Storage on CD-ROM;" Byte, pp. 130-136, 7/87.
Copy of CD ROM inserts; "Deluxe Streets USA Business Edition;" CD USA, 1999 (Windows 95 & 98 & NT).
Copy of CD ROM inserts; "Deluxe Streets USA Business Edition;" CD USA, 1999 (Windows 95, Windows NT).
Copy of CD ROM inserts; "Streets USA;" CD USA, 1998 (windows).
Crowswell, P.L.; "Developments in Data Transfer Between . . . Computer Databases;" Conf. Theme: What'sthe Difference?, vol. II, 1986 Annual Conf . . . Urban and Regionall Information Sys. Assn, Denver, CO, pp. 47-61.
Dahl, Brad; "CADIS An Example of Specialization in Public Access Videotex Systems;" Videotex World, vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 14-18, 3/86.
Dahl, Brad; "Computerized Directories," Signs of the Times, Vo. 207, No. 8, pp. 70-72, 139-144, 8/85.
Dahl, Brad; "Computerized Directories;" Signs of the Times, vol. 207, No. 8, Aug. 1985, pp. 70-71, 139-143.
Dahl, Brad; "The Electronic Marketplace;" Signs of the Times, Dec. 1985, pp. 71-73, 152-153.
Dahl, Brad; "Try Videotex to Trip that Buying Impulse;" Shopping Center World, (no date).
Dupree, Robert L.: "Amoco Graphics System Framework for a Mappable Corporate Data Base;" Management's Use of Maps: Commercial and Political Applications Harvard University, pp. 3, 13-18, 1979.
Fishbine, Glenn M.; "Future Directions In Public Service Computer Cartography: The Challenge of the Pinball Mentality;" Urban, Regional, and State Government Applications of Computer Mapping, vol. 11, pp. 61-67, 1980.
Flyer; "Covia Partnership;" GeoSystems, Lancaster, PA.
Flyer; "Map 410 Satellite Navigator" (undated).
Folchi, William and Badillo, Ann; "A New Perspective in GIS: Databases and Emerging Markets;" GIS World, Inc. pp. 66-79, 69-80, Aug./Sep. 1990.
Forrest, David; "Seeing data in new ways;" Computerworld, pp. 5, 86, Jun. 29, 1992.
Genesys Public Access Terminal Enclosure Brochure; "For Public Information;" Genesys Group, Ottawa, Ont., CA (Date unknown).
Greenfield; "The Development of a GIS-Based Transit Advanced Traveler Information System;" 1995 URISA Proceedings, pp. 695-709.
Gregg, Randall E.; "Application of Thematic Maps in Management Information Systems . . . ;" Management's Use of Maps, vol. 7, pp. 33-40, 1980.
Honey, Stanley K., Marvin S. White, Jr., and Zavoli, Walter B.; "Extending Low Cost Land Navigation Into Systems Information Distribution and Control;" IEEE Position Location & Navigation Symposium, 11/86.
Hrut, Christopher B.; "Navigation Technologies Executive Summary;" Mobile World, Conference Proceedings 1993.
Hughes, Ken; "Applications;" PC Today, p. 8-832, 7/90.
Hurley, Paul; "Learning to Market Electronically;" (unable to read title of magazine); Feb. 1986, pp. 40-41, 65-74.
Hurley, Paul; "Learning to Market Electronically;" enRoute, Feb. 1986, p. 40-41, 65-66, 68-71, 73-74.
Introductory Guide; "Street Atlas USA;" DeLorme, Yarmouth, ME, 1997.
Juhl, Ginger M.; "Coping with Rapid Development: County "Reinvents" Government with GIS Assistance;" GIS World, Inc., Fort Collins, Co., pp. 31-34, 1/94.
Juhl, Ginger M.; "GIS-based Information Network Helps Law Enforcement Efforts to Curtail Drug Traffic;" Geo Info Systems, Jun. 20, 1989.
Kevany, Michael J.; "The Evolution of Automated Mapping . . . Past Dozen Years;" Conf. Theme: What'sthe Difference?, vol. IV, 1986 Annual Conf . . . Urban and Regionall Information Sys. Assn, Denver, CO, pp. 139-147.
Landis, John. D.; "GIS Capabilities, Uses, and Organicational Issues;" Profiting From A Geographic Information System, Ch. 2, pp. 23, 30-31, 1993.
Lax, Leo and Olsen, Mark; "NAPLPS Standard Graphics and the Microcomputer;" Byte Publications, Inc., 7/83.
Letter from Gary Arlen of Arlen Communications, Inc. to Don Shalley of Saskatchewan Tourism and Small Business; Oct. 3, 1986 (2 pp.).
Letter from Joyce Routson of Kalt & Associates to Brad Dahl of Brad Dahl Holdings; Feb. 13, 1985 (1 p.).
Mailing from Inter-ad, Inc., Rochester, NY, to retailers, dated Sep. 23, 1986, with attachments.
Marshall, Loren; "Tracking the Wild Ambulance Fleet;" jems, pp. 58-61, 9/87.
Michaelides, Lee; "Lyme Firm Intent on Digitizing the National;" Manning Publications Inc., 1986.
Morris, G.; Sanders, T.; Gilman, A.; Adelson, S.; and Smith, S.; "Kiosks: A Technological Overview;" Los Alamos National Laboratory, Jan. 10, 1995.
Nash, Bob; "Mall test encourages interactive computer firm;" (source and date unknown).
News Release; "New Electronic Service Available to City Visitors;" Edmonton Convention & Tourism Authority, Jan. 28, 1986.
News Release; "New Electronic Service Available to City Visitors;" Edmonton Convention & Tourism Authority, Jul. 28, 1986.
News Release; "R R Donnelley Geosystems Introduces Geolocate Plus;" Geosystems, Mar. 10, 1992.
Ocker, Lisa; ""Viola!' New Computer Assists Shoppers at Palm Beach Mall;" The Post, Apr. 29, 1986.
Ocker, Lisa; "‘Viola!’ New Computer Assists Shoppers at Palm Beach Mall;" The Post, Apr. 29, 1986.
Operator's Guide, "PathMaster;" Magellan Corporation, Rochester Hills, MI.
Osata, Margaret; "Electronic Shopping: No Dinosaurs But Lots of Center Directories;" Shopping Center World, May 1984, pp. 132-140.
Paper; Hamlen, Mark D.; "Fleet Management with Automatic Vehicle Location;" 36th Vehicular Technology Conference, pp. 374-380, 5/86.
PIRT Brochure; New Media Technologies Ltd., Burnaby, BC, CA (date unknown).
Pollack, Andrew; "Electronic Almanacs are There for the Asking;" The New York Times, Mar. 18, 1984.
Pounds, Marcia H.; "Need mall news? Voila;" News/Sun-Sentinel, Palm Beach, Apr. 26, 1986.
Publication; "National Mall Monitor;" May/Jun. 1984, p. 220.
Publication; Videotex World, 9/84.
Publication; Videotex World, vol. 2 No. 1, 9/85.
Publication; Videotex World, vol. 2 No. 2, 12/85.
Raggett, Michael; "Public Access Videotex: A Sensible Way Forward;" Videotex World, vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 18-22, 12/85.
Schoreder, J.L. and Green, Jeff; "The Emergence of Smart Traveler Kioks and the User Interface Requirements for their Successful Deployment;" IVHS America 1994 Annual Meeting; Paper 94111, Apr. 1994.
Selected pages from Teleguide News; "We've Got 50,000 Customers Lined Up for You This Week" and more.
Seminar Material; "Course 231 Vehicular Navigation & Location Systems Technology;" Navigation Technology Seminars, Alexandra, VA, 12/87.
Seminar Material; "The 34rd Annual Conference on Vehicle Navigation & Information Systems, Conference Record of Papers;" Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.; Aug. 1992.
Shneiderman, Ben; "Designing the User Interface . . . Second Edition;" Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1992.
Signs of the Times Buyer's Guide, vol. 205, No. 12, p. 72, 1984.
Sweeney, Lawrence E.; "An Overview of IVHS Sensor Requirements", Proceedings—Sensors Expo West San Jose, California Mar. 2-4, 1993; Helmers Publishing, Inc. et al.
Teleguide Flyer; "facts;" Infomart, Toronto, Ont., CA (date unknown).
Teleservices Report, Nov. 1985; Arlen Communications, Inc., pp. 9-10.
Tetzeli, Rick; "Mapping for Dollars;" Fortune, pp. 91-92, Oct. 18, 1993.
Totani, Shinzo, Kato Takaski and Muramoto, Kazuo; "Automotive Navigation System;" The Second Annual International Pacific Conference on Automotive Engineering, Paper 830910, 11/83.
Unknown source; "CADIS info system debuts at airport;" Aug. 1986.
User Manual; "Map 410;" Magellan, San Dimas, CA (undated).
Users Guide; "AutoMap Pro;" Microsoft, 1995.
Users Guide; "Automap Streets for Windows;" Automap, Inc.
User's Guide; "Earthmate GPS Receiver;" DeLorme 1998.
User's Guide; "Earthmate GPS Receiver;" DeLorme, Yarmouth, ME, 1998.
User's Manual; "Acura TL Navigation SystemI;" Honda Motor Do., Ltd., 1998.
Van Demark, Peter H.; "Development Surveillance Using GBF/DIME Technology;" Urban, Regional, and Environmental Information . . . , pp. 308-314, 8/81.
Videotex World, vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 1 & 37, Winter 1986.
Vizard, Frank; "Orienting in the electronic age;" San Francisco Examiner—Inside Track, pp. 34-36, Nov. 23, 1986.
Vloyanetes, Peter and Magel, Mark; "Electronic retailing;" Marketing Communications, pp. 31-37, 79, 5/86.
Wagg, Dana; "Computer Finds Shops;" Edmonton Examiner, Jan. 21, 1985.
What's new in Computing, cover page only, Jul./Aug. 1991.

Cited By (207)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE41174E1 (en) * 1995-12-22 2010-03-30 Sony Corporation Information retrieval apparatus and method
USRE43849E1 (en) 1995-12-22 2012-12-11 Sony Corporation Information retrieval apparatus and method
USRE45190E1 (en) 1995-12-22 2014-10-14 Sony Corporation Information retrieval apparatus and method
USRE44276E1 (en) 1995-12-22 2013-06-11 Sony Corporation Information retrieval apparatus and method
US9277525B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2016-03-01 Tracbeam, Llc Wireless location using location estimators
US9060341B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-06-16 Tracbeam, Llc System and method for hybriding wireless location techniques
US8994591B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-03-31 Tracbeam Llc Locating a mobile station and applications therefor
US9134398B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2015-09-15 Tracbeam Llc Wireless location using network centric location estimators
US9237543B2 (en) 1996-09-09 2016-01-12 Tracbeam, Llc Wireless location using signal fingerprinting and other location estimators
US8629789B2 (en) * 1998-01-27 2014-01-14 Steven M. Hoffberg Mobile communication device
US9551582B2 (en) 1998-01-27 2017-01-24 Blanding Hovenweep, Llc Mobile communication device
US8682726B2 (en) * 1998-01-27 2014-03-25 Steven M. Hoffberg Mobile communication device
US8373582B2 (en) * 1998-01-27 2013-02-12 Steven M. Hoffberg Adaptive pattern recognition based controller apparatus and method and human-factored interface therefore
US20050195219A1 (en) * 1998-01-29 2005-09-08 Sony Corporation Information displaying system, information providing apparatus, and information providing method
US8190170B2 (en) * 1998-11-17 2012-05-29 E.O. Communication Fund, Llc Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US20030069029A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2003-04-10 Dowling Eric Morgan Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US7058395B2 (en) 1998-11-17 2006-06-06 Eric Morgan Dowling Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US20050177645A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2005-08-11 Dowling Eric M. Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US20050032528A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2005-02-10 Dowling Eric Morgan Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US6873850B2 (en) * 1998-11-17 2005-03-29 Eric Morgan Dowling Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US6983139B2 (en) * 1998-11-17 2006-01-03 Eric Morgan Dowling Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems
US20060094443A1 (en) * 1998-11-17 2006-05-04 Dowling Eric M Geographical web browser, methods, apparatus and systems </