US640560A - Trolley. - Google Patents

Trolley. Download PDF

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Publication number
US640560A
US640560A US71880099A US1899718800A US640560A US 640560 A US640560 A US 640560A US 71880099 A US71880099 A US 71880099A US 1899718800 A US1899718800 A US 1899718800A US 640560 A US640560 A US 640560A
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Prior art keywords
trolley
wheel
frame
wire
feed
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US71880099A
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Alfred N Hauver
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HERBERT E JENNISON
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HERBERT E JENNISON
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US case filed in California Central District Court litigation Critical https://portal.unifiedpatents.com/litigation/California%20Central%20District%20Court/case/2%3A11-cv-08933 Source: District Court Jurisdiction: California Central District Court "Unified Patents Litigation Data" by Unified Patents is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application filed by HERBERT E JENNISON filed Critical HERBERT E JENNISON
Priority to US71880099A priority Critical patent/US640560A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L5/00Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles
    • B60L5/04Current collectors for power supply lines of electrically-propelled vehicles using rollers or sliding shoes in contact with trolley wire
    • B60L5/10Devices preventing the collector from jumping off
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles

Definitions

  • FIG. 1 represents a side View of my said improved trolley-wheel attachment and part of the upper end of the trolley-pole upon which it is mounted.
  • Fig. 2 is an edge view of the parts shown in Fig. 1 looking in the direction of arrow 0.
  • Fig. 3 is an opposite edge view thereof looking in the direction of arrow d.
  • Fig. at is a central Vertical longitudinal section taken on line 6, Fig. 2.
  • Fig. 5 is a top or plan view of the device; and Fig. 6 is a horizontal section therethrough, taken on line a b, Fig. 1.
  • the object of my invention is to provide an attachment or device mounted on the top of the usual trolley-pole of an electric car and connected with the trolley -whee1 thereof, whereby when said wheel accidentally leaves the feed-wire it maybe automatically sprung back into place again without retarding the progress of the car.
  • Said invention consists in combining with a fixed hearing or holding block on the top of dently leaves the feed-wire, as aforesaid, and
  • A represents the upper end of the trolley-pole
  • B the trolley-wheel, of an electric car.
  • said trolley-wheel is fitted to turn in a rigid hearing at the upper end of said pole, and when the wheel becomes accidentally detached or jumps from the feedwire 0 the conductor of the car is obliged to draw down the pole by means of a connecting-cord and adjust the wheel to the feed-Wire by working the upper end of said pole back and forth until he brings the wheel in proper engagement with the wire.
  • This often occupies considerable time, and consequently causes a corresponding delay in the progress of the car.
  • my invention By said invention when the trolley-wheel accidentally becomes disengaged from the feedwire it is immediately rengaged therewith automatically, as previously stated. Therefore no delay occurs, and the car continues on its way without interruption or inconvenience to the conductor and passengers.
  • My said improved device is constructed and arranged to operate as follows:
  • Said trolley-wheel is fitted to turn on the transverse pivot-bolt It, passed through the upper ends of the side plates f f,and to another transverse pivot-bolt iis pivoted an angular-shaped tilting frame F, carrying the antifriction-roll G at its lower end and the upward-extending fork H at its upper end, the latter in this instance being made separate from arm F and fastened thereto, as is best shown in Fig. 4.
  • Said tilting frame F comprises in this instance the upturned arm j, which supports the fork H, and the downward-extending parallel arms 70 70, between the lower ends of which the antifriction-roll G is arranged, said rollbeing fittedto turn on a pivot-bolt Z, passed transversely through said parallel arms.
  • the three pivots e, h, and '11 are arranged in triangular positions, as is shown in Figs. 1 and 4, pivots e and i being about upon a level and pivot h about central over the same when the parts are in their normal positions, as is shown in the above figures, with the trolley-wheel in proper contact with the feed-wire, as is shown in Fig. 4.
  • a constant upward force is imparted to the swinging frame to keep the trolley-wheel in contact with the feed-wire by a strong spring m, arranged in a recess D in the upper end of the holding-block D, said spring being interposed between said holding-block and the transverse plate g of swinging frame E, as is shown in Fig. 4.
  • a sprial spring is shown, the same being held in position laterally by studs 01. n, projecting into the ends thereof.
  • the tilting frame F is pivoted to the swinging frame E, and consequently when said swinging frame is forced up by its spring 'm said tilting frame is carried up with it. While the trolley-wheel is in its proper normal position against the feed-wire, with said feedwire in the annular peripheral groove of said wheel, as is shown in Figs.
  • the swinging frame is in its compressed or lowest position, with the antifriction-roll G of the tilting frame F under the cam projection D formed upon or secured to the holding-block D, said swinging frame being thus held down by the pressure of the trolley-wheel against the feed-wire and the tilting frame held in said tilted position by a spring 0, interposed between the transverse plate 9 and arm i.
  • the parts occupy said positions until the contact is broken by the wheel leaving the wire,when the spring m at once forces up the swinging frame E, and with it is carried the tilting frame F.
  • This operation causes the roll G to travel out and up over the cam-surface D of the projection D and thereby forces the upper forked end of said tilting frame in toward the trolley-wheel. Therefore, as will be seen,
  • said forked end has not only an upward, but an inward, movement, and said movements being performed very quickly by the action of spring m, as aforesaid, the feed-wire as it leaves the trolley-wheel is at once caught against one of the prongs p of fork H and,
  • the upward swinging movements of frame E on its pivot 6 may be controlled in various ways.
  • I have shown said result as being effected by forming a curved slot q in each side plate f, (with said pivot as the axis of said 'curves,) in each of which fits a fixed or stop pin 7', secured in the holdingblock D, against which said side plates strike when arriving at the ends of said curved slots in the operation of frame E by its spring m, as previously described.
  • a light spring 0 may be employed there for, as previously described, or, if preferred, the upper end of the frame may be provided with a weight 8, as is shown by dotted lines in Fig. 4, to accomplish the same' result.
  • a swinging frame piv oted to said holding-block at the opposite side from said cam projection, having means for controlling its movements, and upon the upper end of which the trolley-wheel is mounted; means for forcing said swinging frame upward; a tilting frame pivoted to said swing ing frame above the cam projection, extending downward and adapted to engage with said cam projection, also having an upward extending arm carrying a fork adapted to en gage with the feed-wire, and means for forcing said upper forked end outward and its lower end inward, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Current-Collector Devices For Electrically Propelled Vehicles (AREA)

Description

No. 640,560. Patented Jan. 2,.I900.
A. N. HAUVER.
TROLLEY.
(Application filed May 31, 1899.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
'vvi'irngssss Inx/arfizmu.
c4 9% 64% E .MWA TE No. 640,560. Patented Jan; 2, I900. A. N. H'AUVER.
TROLLEY.
0 (Application filed May 31, 1899.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-8heet 2.
W'i'LnE 555s,- ITLVETLIIEHC;
7% 6, W #444 //M 94% 6%. B 3% My;
Nrrnn STATES A'rnN'r runes.
ALFRED N. HAUVER, OF FITOHBURG, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE- lIALF TO HERBERT E. JENNISON, OF SAME PLACE.
TROLLEY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 640,560, dated January 2, 1900.
Application filed May 31, 1899. Serial No. 718,800. (No model.)
To aZZ whom, it nuty concern:
Be it known that I, ALFRED N. HAUVER, of Fitchburg, in the county of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Trolley- W'heel Attachments for Electric Cars; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which Figure 1 represents a side View of my said improved trolley-wheel attachment and part of the upper end of the trolley-pole upon which it is mounted. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the parts shown in Fig. 1 looking in the direction of arrow 0. Fig. 3 is an opposite edge view thereof looking in the direction of arrow d. Fig. at is a central Vertical longitudinal section taken on line 6, Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a top or plan view of the device; and Fig. 6 is a horizontal section therethrough, taken on line a b, Fig. 1.
The object of my invention is to provide an attachment or device mounted on the top of the usual trolley-pole of an electric car and connected with the trolley -whee1 thereof, whereby when said wheel accidentally leaves the feed-wire it maybe automatically sprung back into place again without retarding the progress of the car.
Said invention consists in combining with a fixed hearing or holding block on the top of dently leaves the feed-wire, as aforesaid, and
whose forked end when thus operated is adapted to catch and guide the feed-wire, so that said trolley-wheel may be automatically sprung back into its proper normal position thereon, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
In order that others may better understand the nature and purpose of my said invention, I will now proceed to describe it more in detail.
' Referring to the drawings, A represents the upper end of the trolley-pole, and B the trolley-wheel, of an electric car. Ordinarily, as is well known, said trolley-wheel is fitted to turn in a rigid hearing at the upper end of said pole, and when the wheel becomes accidentally detached or jumps from the feedwire 0 the conductor of the car is obliged to draw down the pole by means of a connecting-cord and adjust the wheel to the feed-Wire by working the upper end of said pole back and forth until he brings the wheel in proper engagement with the wire. This often occupies considerable time, and consequently causes a corresponding delay in the progress of the car. To overcome the above objections is the main purpose of my invention. By said invention when the trolley-wheel accidentally becomes disengaged from the feedwire it is immediately rengaged therewith automatically, as previously stated. Therefore no delay occurs, and the car continues on its way without interruption or inconvenience to the conductor and passengers.
My said improved device is constructed and arranged to operate as follows:
To the upper end of the trolley-pole A issecured in any convenient manner the bearing or holding block I), previously alluded to, for supporting the operating parts. To said holding-block is pivoted, by means of the transverse bolt 6, the swinging frame E, comprising in this instance the side plates f f, the transverse separating-plate g, and suitable transverse bolts and screws for fastening the parts together. This construction, however, I do not of course limit myself to in practice, as it may be made in various forms to perform its office of serving as a movable support for the trolley-wheel B and other operating parts hereinafter described. Said trolley-wheel is fitted to turn on the transverse pivot-bolt It, passed through the upper ends of the side plates f f,and to another transverse pivot-bolt iis pivoted an angular-shaped tilting frame F, carrying the antifriction-roll G at its lower end and the upward-extending fork H at its upper end, the latter in this instance being made separate from arm F and fastened thereto, as is best shown in Fig. 4. Said tilting frame F comprises in this instance the upturned arm j, which supports the fork H, and the downward-extending parallel arms 70 70, between the lower ends of which the antifriction-roll G is arranged, said rollbeing fittedto turn on a pivot-bolt Z, passed transversely through said parallel arms. Although it is preferable to use said roll G on the lower end of the tilting frame, since, it is not an essential feature I reserve the right to employ the same or not, as desired, the essential point only being to obtain a hearing of the lower end of the frame on the cam projection D to force its upper end inward for the purpose described.
The three pivots e, h, and '11 are arranged in triangular positions, as is shown in Figs. 1 and 4, pivots e and i being about upon a level and pivot h about central over the same when the parts are in their normal positions, as is shown in the above figures, with the trolley-wheel in proper contact with the feed-wire, as is shown in Fig. 4. A constant upward force is imparted to the swinging frame to keep the trolley-wheel in contact with the feed-wire by a strong spring m, arranged in a recess D in the upper end of the holding-block D, said spring being interposed between said holding-block and the transverse plate g of swinging frame E, as is shown in Fig. 4. In this instance a sprial spring is shown, the same being held in position laterally by studs 01. n, projecting into the ends thereof. The tilting frame F, as previously stated, is pivoted to the swinging frame E, and consequently when said swinging frame is forced up by its spring 'm said tilting frame is carried up with it. While the trolley-wheel is in its proper normal position against the feed-wire, with said feedwire in the annular peripheral groove of said wheel, as is shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 4, the swinging frame is in its compressed or lowest position, with the antifriction-roll G of the tilting frame F under the cam projection D formed upon or secured to the holding-block D, said swinging frame being thus held down by the pressure of the trolley-wheel against the feed-wire and the tilting frame held in said tilted position by a spring 0, interposed between the transverse plate 9 and arm i. The parts occupy said positions until the contact is broken by the wheel leaving the wire,when the spring m at once forces up the swinging frame E, and with it is carried the tilting frame F. This operation causes the roll G to travel out and up over the cam-surface D of the projection D and thereby forces the upper forked end of said tilting frame in toward the trolley-wheel. Therefore, as will be seen,
said forked end has not only an upward, but an inward, movement, and said movements being performed very quickly by the action of spring m, as aforesaid, the feed-wire as it leaves the trolley-wheel is at once caught against one of the prongs p of fork H and,
sliding down thereon toward the crotch P thereof, is guided back onto the wheel, as is shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 4E. Said wheel being thus readjusted to the wire, the upward pressure of the pole A toward the wire now causes the swinging frame E to be forced down again, with its tilting frame F, the latter being tilted, as previously described, with the roll G under cam projection D The above operations, it will be understood, are in practice performed almost instantaneouslythat is, when the trolley-wheel leaves the wire it is readjusted thereto so quickly that it is in contact practically all the time. Therefore the progress of the car is not materially interrupted. This, it is obvious, results in a large saving in'time over the old way and also removes an objection which has heretofore been a source of considerable trouble and annoyance to both the railroad employees and the traveling public.
The upward swinging movements of frame E on its pivot 6 may be controlled in various ways. In this instance I have shown said result as being effected by forming a curved slot q in each side plate f, (with said pivot as the axis of said 'curves,) in each of which fits a fixed or stop pin 7', secured in the holdingblock D, against which said side plates strike when arriving at the ends of said curved slots in the operation of frame E by its spring m, as previously described.
Only a light pressure or power is required to tilt the frame F outward to bring its roll G under the cam projection D and therefore a light spring 0 may be employed there for, as previously described, or, if preferred, the upper end of the frame may be provided with a weight 8, as is shown by dotted lines in Fig. 4, to accomplish the same' result.
Having described my invention, what I claim therein as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of the trolley-pole,
wheel and feed-wire, with a holding-block secured to the top of said pole, and provided with a cam projection; a swinging frame piv= oted to said holding-block at the opposite side from said cam projection, having means for controlling its movements, and upon the upper end of which the trolley-wheel is mounted; means for forcing said swinging frame upward; a tilting frame pivoted to said swing ing frame above the cam projection, extending downward and adapted to engage with said cam projection, also having an upward extending arm carrying a fork adapted to en gage with the feed-wire, and means for forcing said upper forked end outward and its lower end inward, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination of the holding-block secured to the top of the trolley-pole and provided with a cam projection, with a swinging frame pivoted to said holding-block at the opposite side from said cam projection, and having means for controlling its move ments; means for forcing said swinging frame upward; atiltin g frame pivoted to said swinging frame above said cam projection, extending downward and having mounted thereon an antifriotion-roll adapted to engage with the cam projection, also having an upwardextending arm carrying a fork adapted to engage with the feed-wire; means for forcing said upper, forked end outward and its lower end inward; the trolley-Wheel mounted and fitted to turn on the upper end of the aforesaid swinging frame, and the feed-Wire, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination of the pivoted swinging frame having means for forcing it up- ALFRED N. HAUVER.
Witnesses:
LIZZIE G. HACKETT, WILLIAM M. WILLIs.
US71880099A 1899-05-31 1899-05-31 Trolley. Expired - Lifetime US640560A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2432570C2 (en) * 2006-06-20 2011-10-27 Шлюмбергер Текнолоджи Б.В. Apparatus and method of determining fraction of fluid phase using x-ray beams

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU2432570C2 (en) * 2006-06-20 2011-10-27 Шлюмбергер Текнолоджи Б.В. Apparatus and method of determining fraction of fluid phase using x-ray beams

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