US638827A - Rail and railway-curve. - Google Patents

Rail and railway-curve. Download PDF

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Publication number
US638827A
US638827A US69958898A US1898699588A US638827A US 638827 A US638827 A US 638827A US 69958898 A US69958898 A US 69958898A US 1898699588 A US1898699588 A US 1898699588A US 638827 A US638827 A US 638827A
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Prior art keywords
rails
rail
tie
track
railway
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Expired - Lifetime
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US69958898A
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Henry M Williams
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Franz Burger
Henry M Williams
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Priority to US69958898A priority Critical patent/US638827A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B5/00Rails; Guard rails; Distance-keeping means for them
    • E01B5/02Rails
    • E01B5/14Rails for special parts of the track, e.g. for curves

Description

Patented Dec. l2, I899.

H. m. WILLIAMS.

RAIL AND RAILWAY CURVE.

flledDe No Model.)

g ji=5;

0 v J \w UNTTE STATES PATENT OEEIcE.

HENRY M. \VILLIAMS, OF FORT XVAYNE, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE FOURTH TO FRANZ BURGER, OF SAME PLACE.

RAl L AN D RAI LWAY-CU RVE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 638,827, dated December 12, 1899.

Application filed December 17, 1898. Serial No. 699,588. (No model.)

To all 2071 0712, it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HENRY M. WILLIAMS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fort Wayne, in the county of Allen and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rails and Railway-Curves, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in railway-tracks and rails therefor, having for its object to provide an improved rail adapted for use at the curves in railway-tracks,whereby the liability of the derailment of trains passing around curves is materially red need and the strain and wear upon the rails and friction between the same and the car-wheels are lessened.

lVith this object in View the invention consists in the novel construction and arrangement of parts hereinafter more particularly described.

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which like letters and numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts, Figure l is a cross-sectional view of a railway-track constructed in accordance with the invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view of one of the rails and tie-plates. Fig. 3 is a detail plan view of a portion of a cross-tie, rail, and a tie-plate; and Fig. 4 is a detail cross-sectional view of a rail constructed in accordance with the invention.

Briefly stated, the invention consists of a rail formed with a base, a web extending at right angles to the base, and a head having its tread-surface at an angle to the under face of the base, and such rails are preferably curved laterally in the direction of their lengths and laid parallel to form curved sections of a railway-track. The rails, too, are arranged in different horizontal planes relative to each other, as is usual, and are seated upon tie-plates, by means of which they may be raised or lowered,as occasion may demand.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, A designates a railway-track comprising rails B B, cross-ties O, and tie-plates D, upon which the rails are seated. Each of the rails is formed with a base 1, from which exthe said head being formed with its upper face or tread-surface 4 at an angle to the under face of the rail-base instead of parallel thereto, as is ordinarily the case.

Each of the rails 13 is preferably, though not necessarily, bent to a greater or less degree, depending, of course, upon the radius of the curve of the track, and said rails rest at intervals upon tie-plates and are secured to the cross-ties by suitable securing devices.

As shown, the tie-plates are vertically beneath the rails in order that therails may be elevated or lowered relative to the cross-ties. It will be understood, however, that any desired form of adjustable or non-adjustable tie-plate may be substituted for the one illustrated.

Any desired construction of tie-plate may be employed, but preferably a plate such as is illustrated having its upper surface inclined with respect to its base is used. As shown, the tie-plates D are formed in a single piece and are wedge-shaped in cross-section. Upon opposite sides ofthe base-flanges of the rails the tie-plates are formed with elongated openings through which headed lag-screws 8 are adapted to pass, the said screws entering the cross-ties and serving to hold the tie-plate sections firmly against accidental shifting. At their upper ends the lag-screws pass through openings in clamping-plates 9, adapted to overlap and conform to the upper faces of the rail-flanges and hold them firmly in contact with the upper tie-plate section, the said clamping-plates themselves being securely held by the heads of the lag-screws, which en gage their upper faces.

In order that the clamping-plates 9 may be held positively against lateral shifting, they are provided upon their under faces with projections 10, adapted to engagewith teeth 12, formed at the longitudinal edges of the slots 7 of the tieplate. The tie-plate and securing devices above described are simple in construction and effective in operation and are preferred for this reason.

Obviously various forms of tie-plates, and securing means might be employed without departing from the spirit of the invention or in some instances tie-plates might be dispensed with altogether. It will be obvious also that tie-plates having openings just large enough to admit the shanks of ordinary railway-spikes might be used and the said spikes driven into the cross-tie through said openings, with their heads overlapping the base flanges of the rails.

In constructing the curves of railway-tracks in accordance with this invention the crossties are preferably inclined downwardly from the outer to the inner rail of the track, as shown, in order that the outer track-rail may occupy a higher plane than the inner rail, as usual. The tie-plates D are so arranged upon opposite sides of the track that their upper faces incline toward each other, and in consequence the rails incline one toward the other. The opposite rails of the track are so arranged, however, that their tread surfaces incline downwardly in the same general direction toward the outer curve of the track and lie in planes which converge toward the inner curve of the track and diverge toward the outer curve of the track. In this way when a train is passing over the curve the flanges of the outside wheels thereof are brought into engagement with the side of the outer rail-head, as shown, and the direct downward thrust thereon is imposed inside of the transverse center of the rail. The inner wheels of the car having but a slight engagement with the inner rails by reason of the arrangement of the latter, friction between the rails and wheels is reduced to a minimum and the consequent slipping of the wheels and wear of the rails are materially reduced.

As is well known, railway cross-ties sink under the weight imposed thereon by passing trains, and it has heretofore been customary to bring ties that have settled to their proper level by packing earth beneath them. This is unnecessary, however, in the present invention, since the rails of the track may be raised and lowered relative to the cross-ties by simply shifting the positions of the tieplates beneath the rails. Moreover, it will be noted that by constructing a curved track in the manner shown and described it is unnecessary to widen the gage, as is usual, as the flanges of the inner car-wheels are not brought into contact with the sides of the rail-heads.

\Vithout limiting myself to the precise construction and arrangement of the parts shown and described, what I claim is- 1. A railwaytrack having parallel rails formed with their upper or tread surfaces at an angle to the under surface of their bases, the highest point of the tread-surface of one rail being at the outside of the track and the corresponding surface of the opposite rail being at the inside of the track, substantially as described.

2. A railway-track having parallel rails formed with their upper or tread surfaces at an angle to the under surface of their bases, and inclined bearing-surfaces to support the rails with the treadsurfaces of the latter inclining downwardly in the same general direction toward the outer curve of the track.

3. A railwaytrack having parallel rails formed with their upper or tread surfaces at an angle to the under surfaces of their bases, and wedge-shaped tie-plates adj ustably secured below the rails to support the latter with their tread-surfaces inclining downwardly in the same general direction toward the outer curve of the track.

4. A railway-track having parallel rails formed with their upper or tread surfaces at an angle to the under surface of their bases, the highest point of the tread-surface of one rail being at the outside of the track and the corresponding surface of the opposite rail being at the inside of the track, and oppositelyinclined bearing-surfaces to support the rails to incline inwardly toward each other, for the purpose specified.

5. A railway-track comprising cross-ties, separated tie-plates having longitudinal slots and having their upper faces inclined toward each other,rails seated upon the tie-plates,and adjustable securing devices engaging with the rail-bases and passing through the slots of the tie-plates to the cross-ties in which they are embedded, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof I have signed my HENRY M. WILLIAMS.

Witnesses:

GEO. K. TORRENOE, H. W. NIswoNcER.

US69958898A 1898-12-17 1898-12-17 Rail and railway-curve. Expired - Lifetime US638827A (en)

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US69958898A US638827A (en) 1898-12-17 1898-12-17 Rail and railway-curve.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148632A (en) * 1963-03-26 1964-09-15 Sidney H Bingham Adjustable beamway
US3496882A (en) * 1968-11-25 1970-02-24 Jackson E Campbell Method for reducing shells in outer-curve rails
US4230043A (en) * 1978-03-24 1980-10-28 Thomas Aldington Railway car wheelset and rails therefore

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3148632A (en) * 1963-03-26 1964-09-15 Sidney H Bingham Adjustable beamway
US3496882A (en) * 1968-11-25 1970-02-24 Jackson E Campbell Method for reducing shells in outer-curve rails
US4230043A (en) * 1978-03-24 1980-10-28 Thomas Aldington Railway car wheelset and rails therefore

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