US637922A - Roller for cotton-gins. - Google Patents

Roller for cotton-gins. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US637922A
US637922A US69696198A US1898696961A US637922A US 637922 A US637922 A US 637922A US 69696198 A US69696198 A US 69696198A US 1898696961 A US1898696961 A US 1898696961A US 637922 A US637922 A US 637922A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
roller
cotton
gins
fiber
layers
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US69696198A
Inventor
Daniel Simeon Chapin
Original Assignee
Daniel Simeon Chapin
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Daniel Simeon Chapin filed Critical Daniel Simeon Chapin
Priority to US69696198A priority Critical patent/US637922A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US637922A publication Critical patent/US637922A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01BMECHANICAL TREATMENT OF NATURAL FIBROUS OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL TO OBTAIN FIBRES OF FILAMENTS, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01B1/00Mechanical separation of fibres from plant material, e.g. seeds, leaves, stalks
    • D01B1/02Separating vegetable fibres from seeds, e.g. cotton
    • D01B1/04Ginning

Description

No. 637,922. Patented Nov. 28, I899. D. S. CHAPIN.

ROLLER FOR COTTON GINS.

(Application filed Nov. 21, 1898.)

(No Model.)

no; wnsm NITED STATES DANIEL SIMEON CHAPIN, OF MILFORD, MASSACHUSETTS.

ROLLER FOR COTTON-GINS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 637,922, dated November 28, 1899.

Application filed November 21, 1898. Serial No. 696,961. (No model.)

To ctZZ whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, DANIEL SIMEoN CHAPIN, of Milford, in the county of Worcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rollers for Ootton-Gins, of which the following is a description sufliciently full, clear, and exact to enable those skilled in the art to which it appertains or with which it is most nearly connected to make and use the same.

In the practice of the art of ginning cotton it has been ascertained to be an indisputable fact that the so-called roller-gin is preferable to the so-called saw-gin, for the reason, inter alia, that the latter damages the staple at times to an almost-ruinous extent, while the former does not injure it to an appreciable degree. The principal reason why the roller-gin has not been universally adopted has been its relative uncertainty and slowness of action. This and other objections have resulted for the most part, if not entirely, from the imperfections of the roller which carries the fiber into the machine to have the seeds and substances foreign to 'the fiber separated therefrom. It is essential to a perfectly-operating roller that it shall possess structural characteristics in virtue of which n it will readily and with certainty but without injury catch or take hold of the fibers when the latter comeinto contact with the roller, so that the roller may carry the stock through to be acted upon by the seed removing means. Among the qualities of a perfect roller are durability and firmness to a degree that will enable it to maintain a regular surface and at the same time possess features or means which will enable it to immediately and certainly take hold of the fibers coming into contact with it and hold them with a degree of tenacity requisite to properly convey them through the gin, and yet without injury to the staple.

I have ascertained from long, intelligent, and careful experimentation that a roller comprising a body composed of layers or disks of cotton duck or its equivalent and provided at intervals with layers of fiber-catching means such as fine Wires, bristles, or coarser vegetable fibers radially or substantially radially arranged, yet so that their outer ends will protrude beyond the surface of the roller, the whole powerfully compressed and maintained in compressed condition-will subserve the purposes of a perfect gin-roller.

Reference is to be had to the annexed drawings, and to the letters marked thereon, forming a part of this specification, the same letters designating the same parts or features, as the case may be, wherever they occur.

Of the drawings, Figure 1 is alongitudinal sectional view of one form of my improved roller for gins and other mechanisms. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view, taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1, cutting through the body part of the roller. Fig. 3 is likewise a trans Verse sectional view of the improved roller, taken on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1, cutting through a fiber-catchingmeans section of the roller.

In the drawings, a designates the rollershaft, which may be provided with a permanent head I) near one end and a removable and adjustable head 0 near the other end. The removable and adjustable head may be formed snbstantiallylike the head I; and after the efficient or body portion of the roller has been compressed to the desired degree and placed on the shaft may be screwed upon the shaft or otherwise suitably secured thereon.

f designates rings or disks of cotton duck or equivalent woven fiber of which the body part of the roller is formed by the disks be* ing made by cutting or stamping them out of sheets of the woven material and subjecting them to powerful compression, so as to ren .der the mass solid and substantially proof against moisture and so that its surface may be regular and firm.

In the work or process of arranging the layers f of cotton duck for compression, as stated, I incorporate therewith at intervals layers g of what I term fiber-catching means, which means are composed of fine wires, bristles, horsehair, cocoanut fiber, or the like radially arranged and with their outer ends protruding to an appreciable extent beyond the surface of the roller when it is finished.

It is not essential to my invention that the wires or bristles or other equivalent means be arranged in absolutely radial position, since it is necessary only to give them such position that their protruding ends may perform the function of catching the fibers brought into contact with the surface of the roller and carrying them into the machine.

Having; thus explained the nature of the invention and described a way of constructing and using the same, though Without attemptiug to set forth all of the forms in which it may be made or all of the modes of its use, it is declared that what is claimed is- A roller for cotton-gins comprising in its construction round disks or layers of cotton duck powerfully compressed into roll form, as described, and provided at intervals with radially-arranged fiber-catching means, as lengths of fine Wire or bristles, and means for 15 maintaining the layers in compressed condition.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 10th day of 20 September, A. D. 1898.

DANIEL SIMEON CHAPIN.

Witnesses:

ARTHUR W. ORossLEY, ANNIE J. BAILEY.

US69696198A 1898-11-21 1898-11-21 Roller for cotton-gins. Expired - Lifetime US637922A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US69696198A US637922A (en) 1898-11-21 1898-11-21 Roller for cotton-gins.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US69696198A US637922A (en) 1898-11-21 1898-11-21 Roller for cotton-gins.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US637922A true US637922A (en) 1899-11-28

Family

ID=2706511

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US69696198A Expired - Lifetime US637922A (en) 1898-11-21 1898-11-21 Roller for cotton-gins.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US637922A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101690640B1 (en) 2015-10-02 2016-12-28 오가닉브릿지 주식회사 Textile having deodorant capacity

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101690640B1 (en) 2015-10-02 2016-12-28 오가닉브릿지 주식회사 Textile having deodorant capacity

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US34363A (en) Improvement in machinery for cleaning cotton
US4023A (en) Hijbst
US4022A (en) Improvement in machines for hackling and cleaning hemp and flax
US6615454B1 (en) Enhanced separation of contaminants from fibers such as cotton, kenaf and flax
US2416123A (en) Corn picker roller
US2115605A (en) Carding machine
US5010A (en) Improvement in hemp-brakes
US877324A (en) Pipe-cleaner.
US2398732A (en) Doffing mechanism
US2607958A (en) Fiber doffing device
US8898863B2 (en) Axial saw cotton seed reclaimer
US1308376A (en) schlichien
US566570A (en) Pipe-stem cleaner
US3579744A (en) Apparatus for separating fibers
US2316590A (en) Portable apparatus for treating flax straw
US339585A (en) Rotary wire brush
US613249A (en) creider
US299280A (en) Carding-machine
US10033A (en) Improvement in hemp-brakes
US655167A (en) Cotton-gin.
US1008230A (en) Cotton-picker finger.
US2420035A (en) Method and apparatus for separating fibers
US32380A (en) Improvement in carding-mac
US41487A (en) Improvement in cotton-gins
US635345A (en) Machine for defibrating ramie.