US633280A - Die and tool for upsetting tubes. - Google Patents

Die and tool for upsetting tubes. Download PDF

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Publication number
US633280A
US633280A US68547698A US1898685476A US633280A US 633280 A US633280 A US 633280A US 68547698 A US68547698 A US 68547698A US 1898685476 A US1898685476 A US 1898685476A US 633280 A US633280 A US 633280A
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Prior art keywords
die
upset
tube
upsetting
tubes
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Expired - Lifetime
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US68547698A
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John R Blakeslee
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Ajax Manufacturing Co
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Ajax Manufacturing Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C23/00Extruding metal; Impact extrusion
    • B21C23/02Making uncoated products
    • B21C23/04Making uncoated products by direct extrusion
    • B21C23/14Making other products
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S29/00Metal working
    • Y10S29/043Upsetting and flanging tube end

Description

UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE.
JOHN R. BLAKESLEE, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE AJAX MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
srnczmoncrron forming part of Letters Patent no; 633,280, dated September 19, 1899.
' I Application filed .Tuly 9, 1398. Serial No. 685,476. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOHN R. BLAKESLEE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Cleveland, county of. Cuyahoga, and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Dies and Tools for Upsetting Tubes, of which the following is a specification, the principle of the invention being herein explained and the best mode in which I have contemplated applying that principle so as to distinguish it from other inventions.
Heretofore in upsetting boiler-tubes and analogous articles in dies two difliculties have presented themselves: First, the male die becomes so tightly wedged in the article to beupset as to withdrawthe article with the male die as the latter is withdrawn, and, second, it has been found almost impossible to avoid crimping, wrinkling, corrugating, or whatis known as cold-shutting on the part of the upset portion of thetube. invention obviates both these difiiculties.
The annexed drawings and the following description set forth in detail certain meching tools, the
anism embodying the invention, such disclosed means constituting but one of'various mechanical forms in whichthe principle of the invention may be used.
In said annexed drawings, Figure I represends a side elevation of one die-section, showing two half-dies and their accompanytube being shown insoction; and Fig. II is a plan view of one-half of the two-part die in which the tubes are upset.
The die A is made in two half-sections, each section being formed with two half-dies, respectively, a and a, in which the two operations of upsetting the tube are performed.
The half-sections of the dies are attached to suitable gripping mechanism adapted to cause said die-sections to grip and firmly hold the end of the tube B, and die a isforme'd at its upper portion with an enlargement I), having a contour conforming approximately with the ultimate conformation of the end of the tube to be upset. Die a is formed with a similar enlargement a having a contour of the-exact conformation or dimension of the article to be upset.
'The male die D for the first operatibn is formed with a working surface d of graduallydecreasing periphery from the top downward.
in shape, so as toimpart a cylindrical surface to the inside of the tube, the portion between the said working face and the extremity of the die being tapered to permit the die to enter the tube with facility. Male die D is provided with the upset-forming shoulder d',aud a male die E is provided with an upset-forming shoulder e.
, The enlarged upset portion 1; of the die a is of gradually-increasing diameter from its outer to its inner portionthat is, from the top downward-that is, its surface is that of a frustum of a cone whose smaller diameter is nearer the outer end of the die. The portion a of the die a is similarly formed, the inclination of the cone-surface, however, being greater than that of the diea. This inclination of such upset portions of said dies is a very important feature of my invention and serves two purposes. First, the increased diameter of the upset portion being as described, the nearer the point of entrance of the male die, the tube after being given its upset formation is wedged in the female dies and is hence prevented from being withdrawn therefrom on the withdrawal of the male die I before the female dies open up for the removal of said tube. The removal of such tube is hence not dependent upon the gripping means. The prevention of the withdrawal of the tube with the male die is important,
such withdrawal. necessitating the removal by hand of the tube from said die, to which it under such conditions becomes very firmly attached, thereby increasing the length of .time for performing the operation, decreasing the output of the machine, and increasing the cost of production, at the same time subjecting the tube to the liability of being marred, spoiled, and possibly destroyed by working face of the male die is cylindrical, or substantially so, masm uch as a slight movement of the conical die out of the tube causes tinuous, and hence the resistance which such tube offers must be correspondingly greater. Such increased resistance is furnished by the increased inclination of'the portion d of the die a over that in die a. Second, such inclination of the female dies prevents the crimping or cold-shutting of the metal on being upsetthat is, it prevents the change of location of the molecules with the loss of cohesion between such molecules. Vhenever metal'has been upset against a fixed cylindrical or substantially cylindrical surface and the direction of travel of the die has been parallel with such surface, this cold-shutting has always occurred, creating thereby a weakness in the metal, which was apparent on its surface. This is due to the friction of the metal upon the said cylindrical surface and the consequent obstruction to the easy flow of the molecules of the metal into their new positionsthat is, the metal is bent upon itself instead of compressed in one direction and expanded in another. In my invention, however, it will be noted that the surface fixed relatively to the tube is not cylindrical, but inclined, permittin g thereby sufiicient lateral flow to overcome the cold-shutting at such surface. Moreover, where, as in the case of die E, a cylindrical surface is used such surface is upon the moving die and not upon the fixed die, so that the said cylindrical surface moves in the direction of the movement of the changing molecules, and hence with the melecules and not against them. The friction, and hence co] d-shutting, of the molecules contiguous to such cylindrical surface is overcome. It is apparent that the same principle might be applied where it .is desired to give the outer surface of a tube a cylindrical conformation. As shown in Fig. II, the die is made in two parts, whereby it may be opened and the upset tube removed therefrom without difiiculty.
Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed instead of the one explained, change being made as regards the mechanism herein disclosed, provided the means covered by any one of the following claims be employed.
I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention- 1. In dies for upsetting boiler-tubes and analogous articles, the combination of a female die having an upset-forming portion of increased diameter from the top downward, with the male die having an upset-forming portion of decreasing diameter from the top downward, substantially as set forth.
- 2. In dies for upsetting "boiler-tubes and analogous articles, the. combination of a twopart die, having an upset-forming opening of greatei diameter at its lower portion than at its upper portion, and a male die of greater diameter at its upper portion than at its lower portion, substantially as set forth.
3. In dies for upsetting boiler-tubes and analogous articles, the combinationof a separable die, having an upset-forming opening of increasing diameter from its entrance downward, and a male die provided with an upset.- forming shoulder and of decreasing diameter from said shoulder downward along its upsetforming portion, substantially as .set forth.
4. In dies for upsetting ends of boiler-tubes, the combination of a separable female die adapted to receive the end of such tube and a maledie having a cylindrical or substantially cylindrical formation and adapted to enter said female die, said female die having an upset-forming opening of varying diameter, a portion of said opening being of smaller diameter than a secgnd portion farther removed from the point of entrance of said male die, substantially as set forth. I Signed by me this 3d day of June, 1898.
1 J OHN R. BLAKESLEE.
Attest:
- D. T. DAVIES, J. C. TURNER.
US68547698A 1898-07-09 1898-07-09 Die and tool for upsetting tubes. Expired - Lifetime US633280A (en)

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US68547698A US633280A (en) 1898-07-09 1898-07-09 Die and tool for upsetting tubes.

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3032857A (en) * 1958-07-21 1962-05-08 Lyon Inc Apparatus for forming integral ribs upon the circumference of a rigid tubular shape
US3128817A (en) * 1964-04-14 Apparatus for forming threads on pipe ends
US5337477A (en) * 1993-07-21 1994-08-16 Amcast Industrial Corporation Methods and apparatus for forming tubular risers and manifolds including tubular risers

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3128817A (en) * 1964-04-14 Apparatus for forming threads on pipe ends
US3032857A (en) * 1958-07-21 1962-05-08 Lyon Inc Apparatus for forming integral ribs upon the circumference of a rigid tubular shape
US5337477A (en) * 1993-07-21 1994-08-16 Amcast Industrial Corporation Methods and apparatus for forming tubular risers and manifolds including tubular risers
US5419174A (en) * 1993-07-21 1995-05-30 Amcast Industrial Corporation Apparatus for forming tubular risers and manifolds including tubular risers

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