US630407A - Speed-varying mechanism. - Google Patents

Speed-varying mechanism. Download PDF

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Publication number
US630407A
US630407A US1899706900A US630407A US 630407 A US630407 A US 630407A US 1899706900 A US1899706900 A US 1899706900A US 630407 A US630407 A US 630407A
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Prior art keywords
pair
levers
speed
driving
pivots
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Milton O Reeves
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REEVES PULLEY Co
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REEVES PULLEY CO
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H9/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members
    • F16H9/02Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion
    • F16H9/04Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion using belts, V-belts, or ropes
    • F16H9/12Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion using belts, V-belts, or ropes engaging a pulley built-up out of relatively axially-adjustable parts in which the belt engages the opposite flanges of the pulley directly without interposed belt-supporting members
    • F16H9/16Gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio, or for reversing rotary motion, by endless flexible members without members having orbital motion using belts, V-belts, or ropes engaging a pulley built-up out of relatively axially-adjustable parts in which the belt engages the opposite flanges of the pulley directly without interposed belt-supporting members using two pulleys, both built-up out of adjustable conical parts

Description

N0. 630,407. Patented Aug. 8, I899.

' M. O. REEVES.

SPEED VARYING MECHANISM.

(Application filed Feb. 25, 1899.) (No Model.)

3 Sheets-$heet l,

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No. 630,407. Patented Aug. 8, I899. M. 0. REEVES.

SPEED VARYING MECHANISM.

(Application filed Feb. 25, 1899.)

3 sheets sheet 2 (No Model.)-

ANI/I 'N'POR.

N0. 630,407. Patented Aug. 8, I899. M. O. REEVES. SPEED VARYING MECHANISM.

(Application filed Feb. 25, 1899.)

3 Sheets-Sheet 3.

(No Model.)

{NV TOR.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

MILTON O. REEVES, OF COLUMBUS, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR TO TH'EREEVES PULLEY COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.

SPEED-VARYING MECHANISM.

SPEGIFIOATTON forming part of Letterslatent No. 630,407, dated August 8, 1899. Application filed lE'ehruai-y 25,1899. Serial No. 706,900. (No model.)

To all whomt it may concern.-

Be it known that I, MILTON O. REEVES, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Columbus, in the county of Bartholomew and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Speed-l Varying Mechanism, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to provide a mechanism wherein a variation of speeds from maximum to minimum can be obtained without varying the initial driving speed,and more especially to provide means for maintaining a uniform tension upon the belt in the machine hereinafter described and claimed and also to provide a compact and efficient device.

My invention consists. in the combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter de-' scribed and claimed. Y

The elementary construction of the device each carrying a pair of cone-shaped driving elements splined to its shaft. The members of each pair have their cone-surfaces facing each other. Each driving element is provided with a projecting hub bearing against a ball thrust-bearing. The correspondingbearings of each pair are connected by means of levers pivoted half-way between the shafts, which when oscillated move one pair of driving elements together and move the other pair apart simultaneously therewith. A bevel-i edged driving-belt of suitable construction is stretched between the .pairs of driving elements, and as one pair move apart the belt as sumes a small driving diameter, and simultaneously therewith the other pair move together and the belt assumes a large driving diameter, thus varying the speed of one shaft relatively to the other.

As is well known among mechanics, more belt is required to passaround'and connect a large and small pulley than is required to pass around and connect two pulleys of the same diameter-the mean between the large and the small onethe pulleys of course being spaced,

the same distance between centers. It will be noticed that this fundamental principle is met in a speed-varying mechanism of the class described, and to construct a successful machine for transmitting power this variation in belt must be taken care of. If the driving, elements are actuated along their respective shafts by levers pivoted half-way between the shafts, it will be noted that the approaching and receding elements slide exactly the same distance, but in opposite directions, thus increasing the driving diameter upon the approaching pair exactly the same amount as the driving diameter upon the receding pair is decreased; but, as heretofore stated, more belt is required for this latter position of the driving elements than is required in the intermediate position. A part of my present invention consists in making the belt long enough to assume a driving diameter upon each pair slightly greater than the mean diameter when the levers are parallel and then providingmeans for moving the pairsof driving elements in a difierential ratio, whereby thebelt is kept at uniform tension upon all driving diameters.

In the drawings, Figure l is a plan of the device embodying my invention; Fig. 2, a cross-section on line 2 2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a plan of one of the lever-operating nuts; Fig. 4, a section of the same; Fig. 5, a diagrammatic sketch, showing the principle of operation of the device; Fig. 6, a section on line 6 6, Fig. 1; and Fig. 7, a detached plan of one of the levers.

1 represents the frame, having mounted therein t o parallel shafts 23, each carrying a pairof driving elements 4, splined to their respective shafts to rotate therewith, but free to slide longitudinallythereon. Each driving element bears against a ball thrust-bearing 5, supported between pairs of levers 6. These thrust-bearings are provided with diametrically opposite trunnions 7, whichare adapted to work in slots 8, the purpose of which will be hereinafterdescribed. l

The corresponding members of each pair of driving elements are connected bya separate pair of levers, which are prolonged at one end and provided with slotted openings 9.

Mounted adjacent to these extended ends is a screw-shaft provided with a left-handthreaded part and a right-hand-threaded part, each carrying a nut 10, engaging with its corresponding pair of levers by means of trun nions 11, working in slots 9.

Levers 6 are provided with an inwardly-projecting teat or part 12, having the pivot for the lever formed therein. Each pair of levers pivot upon corresponding pivots 13, which are s free to slide laterally relatively to the frame. Links lei are pivoted to suitable supports 15 and have their free ends pivotally secured to their corresponding lever at 16. Now the movement of. these levers may be noted. Starting from the position shown in Fig. 1, if the screw-shaft is actuated the extended ends of the levers are caused to approacheach other. This, as will be readily seen, causes the pair of driving elements closest the screw-shaft to approach each other and simultaneously therewith causes the other pair to recede; but as this is taking place it will be noticed ots 15 on account of link 14 the pivots 13 are forced longitudinally toward each other. This movement continues until points 16 come in line with pivots 13 and 15. Now by further movement of the screw-shaft 30 the pivots 13 begin to recede from each other on side of the line through the pivots. The slots in levers 6 allow of the necessary sliding movement upon the thrust-collars 5. The result of this action is as follows: Now as the levers move from the position shown in Fig.

1 the approaching pair move together more rapidly than the receding pair move apart, because the pivots 13 are being forced toward each other at the same time that the levers are swinging on their pivots and moving the driving elements, and the belt is caused to ride on the approaching driving elements upon a slightly-larger diameter than it would occupy if the approaching elements were moved exactly the same distance as the receding elements. This relative movement of the driving elements continues until the pairs of levers are parallel. Now upon investigation it will be found that the belt is upon equal diameters of each pair; but these diameters are slightly above the mean. If movement in the same direction is continued, the links 14 swing to the other side of the center line drawn through the pivots and the pivots 13 recede, thereby causing the approaching pair to move gradually slower and the receding pair gradually faster. It will thus be seen that the driving elements are moved ina differential ratio, the approaching faster than the receding, until the levers are parallel, and from thence on vice versa. The same action takes place no matter in what direction the driving elements are moved.

For adjusting the driving elements so as to produce any desired initial tension upon the belt I provide means for moving pivots 15 sim ultaneously in opposite directions. The arrangement consists of a right and left hand threaded screw-shaft 18, carrying nuts 17, which carry the pivots 15. By simply turnin g shaft 18 the pivots are forceda little closer together, thereby forcing both pairs of elements together, and any looseness caused by stretching is taken up. This action'is fully described in Letters Patent No. 584,402, issued to the Reeves Pulley Company June 15, 1897.

' Figs. 3 and 4 show one of the nuts used on the screw-shaft 30, which consists of'an iron portion 19, provided with a receptacle 20, said receptacle having flanges 21 and indentations In forming the nut the iron portion or shell 19 is placed over a threaded mandrel and a molten metal poured therearound. After the same is cooled the mandrel is withdrawn and the nut is perfectly formed. The flanges 21 keep the metal from working out, while llugs 22 keep the same from turning within the receptacle.

that levers 6 are swinging about their pivots i 13; but since points 1 6 must swing about piv- I claim as my invention 1. In a speed-varying mechanism, the combination of a frame, two parallel shafts mount- 1 ed therein, a pair of cone-shaped driving elements carried by each'shaft; a belt connecting the pairs; levers pivoted between the shafts and adapted to oscillate and simultaneously move one pair of driving elements account of links 14 having passed to the other together and the other pair apart, and means for concurrently advancing or receding the lever-pivots toward or from each other, said means controlled by the levers substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

' 2. In aspeed-varying mechanism the combination of aframe, two parallel shafts mounted therein, a pair of cone-shaped driving elements carried by each shaft, a belt connecting the pairs, levers pivoted between the shafts and adapted to oscillate and simultaneously move one pair of driving elements together and the other pair apart; and means, controlled by the levers for advancing the pivots toward each other through a part of the oscillating of the levers and recede the pivots from each other through the remainder of their movement, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

3. In a speed-varying mechanism, the combination of a frame and two parallel shafts mounted therein, a pair of cone-shaped driving elements carried by each shaft; a belt connecting the pairs; thrust-bearings taking against the driving elements; levers connecting the corresponding thrust-bearings; an inwardly-projecting teat formed on each lever, pivots formed in said teats, free to move laterally relatively to the frame, links pivotally secured to a suitable support in rear of le vers, and pivotally secured to the levers, and means for oscillating said levers, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

1. In a speed-varying mechanism, the combination of a frame, two parallel shafts mounted therein; a pair of cone-shaped driving elethe levers and pivotally secured to the levers and means for oscillating the levers, substan- 1o tially as and for the purpose set forth.

MILTON O. REEVES.

Witnesses:

OATHARINE HIGH, JOHN J EWELL.

US630407A 1899-02-25 1899-02-25 Speed-varying mechanism. Expired - Lifetime US630407A (en)

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