US628252A - Fireproof partition. - Google Patents

Fireproof partition. Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US628252A
US628252A US68035398A US1898680353A US628252A US 628252 A US628252 A US 628252A US 68035398 A US68035398 A US 68035398A US 1898680353 A US1898680353 A US 1898680353A US 628252 A US628252 A US 628252A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
partition
plaster
strips
partitions
wood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US68035398A
Inventor
Orlando W Norcross
Original Assignee
Orlando W Norcross
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Orlando W Norcross filed Critical Orlando W Norcross
Priority to US68035398A priority Critical patent/US628252A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US628252A publication Critical patent/US628252A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/74Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination
    • E04B2/82Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination characterised by the manner in which edges are connected to the building; Means therefor; Special details of easily-removable partitions as far as related to the connection with other parts of the building
    • E04B2/825Removable non-load-bearing partitions; Partitions with a free upper edge modular coordination characterised by the manner in which edges are connected to the building; Means therefor; Special details of easily-removable partitions as far as related to the connection with other parts of the building the connection between the floor and the ceiling being achieved without any restraining forces acting in the plane of the partition

Description

' Patented July 4, I899. 0. W. NORCBUSS.
FIBEPRHOF PARTITION.
' (Application filed Kay 11', 1898.)
v I I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ORLANDO \V. NOROROSS, OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
FIREPROOF PARTITION.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No; 628,252, dated July 4, 1899.
Application filed May 11, 1898. Serial No. 680,353- (No model.)
T0 on whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I,- ORLANDO W. NoRoRoss,
of the city and countyof Worcester, in the State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fireproof- Partitions; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact descripinvention applied thereto, the plaster being shown removed from a portion of the surface i thereof to more fully illustrate my improvei ments. Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical section through the partition before the plaster is applied, showing portions thereof broken away for convenience in illustration; and Fig. 3
represents upon the same enlarged scale as Fig. 2 a horizontal section on line m, Fig. 1, through a portion of the partition.
The object of my invention is to provide an improvement in the construction of wood partitions for buildings whereby the same may be rendered practically fireproof and of proper strength at a comparatively small cost in the construction of the building; and it consists of flat strips of wood preferably about an inch thick arranged vertically and placed flatwis e about half an inch apart and having thin transverse wood blocks or separators between them at several points in the height of the partition to form narrow spaces between said vertical strips for the plaster to enter and form clenches for holding it to the partition,
said separating-blocks being ofless widththan the width of the vertical strips or studdingito assist inkeying the plaster thereto. It also consists of .means for fastening said vertical strips and separators together; also,
of a wire covering placed upon and fastened over the wood partition thus formed and plaster spread over said wire lathing, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.
To enable others to better understand the nature and purpose of said invention, I will now proceed to describe it more in detail.
In the drawings, A represents the main strips or boards, B the thin separatingblocks, D the wire lathing, and E the plastering, of the partition. Said main strips or boards A are preferably about an inch thick, (although they may be thicker,) as wide as the partition is thick, and are arranged vertically and transversely in said partition. They are placed, as previously stated, about half an inch apart toform spaces for the plaster to enterbetween them to form clenches back of the wire lathing. In said spaces are placed the thin transverse blocks or separators B, which are about an inch wide'and preferably a little shorter in length than the thickness of the partition, as is shown in Figs. 2 and 3, to permit the plaster to pass through and back of the lathing where said separators come. In practice about four lines of said separators are used, one each at the top and bottom and two between; but I do not limit myself to this number.
The'wire lathing I) is tacked to the ends of the flat strips or boards A over the surface of the partition,vas is shown in Figs. 1 and 3, this being done after said partition has been secured in position.
In building the partition it may be put up .fioor piece by piece and then placed bodily in position where required. By either method it is preferable to fasten metal strips G G to the floor and ceiling where the partition is to be built, provided with shoulders or ribs G to fit one edge of the top and bottom of said partition against, and also,made alittle wider than the partition is thick, so that the opposite edges from said shoulders or ribs may be bent against the other edges of said partition and fastened after it has been built or placed in position to secure the same in said position, as is shown in Fig. 2, although any other means of fastening the partition in place may be employed, if desired.
The advantages of my invention are that partitions may be made of any desired thickness, from one inch to six or eight inches or thicker, with material always available, as all that is necessary is to saw up the very coarsest kind of lumber into it, either hemlock, spruce, coarse pine, or anything conveniently at hand, and partitions thus made are very firm and rigid against lateral pressure, owing to the boards being arranged transversely therein, and said strength is largely augmented by the wire lathing secured to the surfaces thereof. The whole thickness of the partition being made solid, with the exception of the half-inch spaces between the boards A, and said spaces being cut olf at short intervals by the transverse blocks B, precludes the possibility of fire entering therein andworking up through from one floor to another, as is common with ordinary studded wood partitions having wide open spaces between the studs. Said construction also renders the same practically soundproof as well as fireproof between one room and another. Owing to the lateral stiffness of this construction, it is particularly well adapted for partitions required to be made fireproof, and the cheapness thereof permits of its use in ordinary building constructionas, for instance, in office and apartment buildings, dwellings, &c., in which wood partitions are used and where the cost of construction will not admit of the use of brick partitions. When used for outside walls of a building, the latter is rendered Warmer in winter and cooler in summer than as ordinarily made with studs, clapboarding, and shingles, wallpaper, and inner lathing and plaster, and the cost thereof is but little, if any, greater than by said old construction, as the usual outer papering and boarding may be dispensed with and the clapboards or shingles applied directly to the walls. The expense may also be lessened,if desired,by dispensing with lathin g altogether and plastering direct on the walls and partitions. While this method is not as desirable in practice, (owing to the plaster being less liable to adhere properly and also from its tendency to crack more readily, owing to shrinkage of the woodwork,) it may be adopted in the cheaper classes of building, where economy is an object, and I therefore reserve the right to use the wire lathing or not in connection with the other features of my invention.
Said invention is of especial advantage where it is desirable in buildings to make the partitions as light in Weight as possible on ac count of inadequate supports underneath and yet retain the fireproof qualities, such partitions, it is obvious, being much lighter than brickwork and nearly or quite as impervious to fire, except in a general conflagration.
Having now described my invention, what I claim therein as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination of a series of fiat strips of wood arranged vertically and placed flatwise about half an inch apart; a series of thin, transverse, separating-blocks fitted between said strips at several points in the height of the partition to form narrow spaces for the plaster to enter and form clenches to hold said plaster to the partition,said separating-blocks being of less width than the width of the vertical strips or studding to assist in keying the plaster thereto means for fastening said strips and separators together, means for fastening the partition in place at the top and bottom, suitable lathing, applied to the surfaces of the wood partition thus formed, and plaster, in turn applied over said lathing, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination of a series of fiat strips of wood arranged vertically and placed fiat- Wise about half an inch apart; a series of thin, transverse, separating-blocks fitted between said strips at several points in the height of the partition to form narrow spaces for the plaster to enter and form clenches to hold said plaster to the partition; said separatingblocks being of less width than the width of the vertical strips or studding to assist in keying the plaster thereto means for fastening said strips and separators together, means for fastening the partition in place at the top and bottom and plaster applied over the surfaces of the wood partition thus formed, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
ORLANDO W.NOROROSS. Vitnesses:
A. A. BARKER, W. B. Noonsn.
US68035398A 1898-05-11 1898-05-11 Fireproof partition. Expired - Lifetime US628252A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US68035398A US628252A (en) 1898-05-11 1898-05-11 Fireproof partition.

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US68035398A US628252A (en) 1898-05-11 1898-05-11 Fireproof partition.

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US628252A true US628252A (en) 1899-07-04

Family

ID=2696849

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US68035398A Expired - Lifetime US628252A (en) 1898-05-11 1898-05-11 Fireproof partition.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US628252A (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1789827A (en) Building construction
US779268A (en) Building construction.
US2038115A (en) Wall construction
US2131268A (en) Prefabricated unit wall structure
US628252A (en) Fireproof partition.
US2110488A (en) Building construction
US2253667A (en) Plywood wallboard
US526730A (en) Fireproof partition
US405794A (en) Construction of buildings
US2296416A (en) Building construction
US1739754A (en) Building construction
US278263A (en) Support for wire-cloth lathing
US2192814A (en) Building structure
US1727117A (en) Wall and ceiling construction
US560605A (en) Corner plaster-supporting strip or lath
US632007A (en) Metallic angle-piece for walls.
US978655A (en) Moisture-proof interior covering or lining for use in buildings.
US1562839A (en) Wall construction
US802556A (en) Fireproof partition.
US608888A (en) Plasterer s steel angle-tie
US392902A (en) John w
US593804A (en) Fireproof building
US84044A (en) Improvement in construction of fire-proof houses
US1117566A (en) Wall and partition structure for buildings.
US322873A (en) Fire-proof ceiling