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US6251491B1 - Luminous sticker having ornamental effect - Google Patents

Luminous sticker having ornamental effect Download PDF

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Publication number
US6251491B1
US6251491B1 US09261205 US26120599A US6251491B1 US 6251491 B1 US6251491 B1 US 6251491B1 US 09261205 US09261205 US 09261205 US 26120599 A US26120599 A US 26120599A US 6251491 B1 US6251491 B1 US 6251491B1
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Prior art keywords
luminous
layer
light
sticker
invention
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Expired - Fee Related
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US09261205
Inventor
Kyung Ja Kim
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Kyung Ja Kim
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B7/00Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers
    • B32B7/04Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers characterised by the connection of layers
    • B32B7/12Layered products characterised by the relation between layers, i.e. products comprising layers having different physical properties and products characterised by the interconnection of layers characterised by the connection of layers using an adhesive, i.e. any interposed material having adhesive or bonding properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C1/00Processes, not specifically provided for elsewhere, for producing decorative surface effects
    • B44C1/10Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics
    • B44C1/105Applying flat materials, e.g. leaflets, pieces of fabrics comprising an adhesive layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44FSPECIAL DESIGNS OR PICTURES
    • B44F1/00Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects
    • B44F1/08Designs or pictures characterised by special or unusual light effects characterised by colour effects
    • B44F1/10Changing, amusing, or secret pictures
    • C09J7/29
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F15/00Boards, hoardings, pillars, or like structures for notices, placards, posters, or the like
    • G09F15/02Bills, posters, or the like therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2375/00Polyureas; Polyurethanes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J201/00Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds
    • C09J201/02Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds characterised by the presence of specified groups, e.g. terminal or pendant functional groups
    • C09J2201/16Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds characterised by the presence of specified groups, e.g. terminal or pendant functional groups by the structure of the carrier layer
    • C09J2201/162Adhesives based on unspecified macromolecular compounds characterised by the presence of specified groups, e.g. terminal or pendant functional groups by the structure of the carrier layer the carrier layer being a laminate constitued by plastic layers only
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09JADHESIVES; NON-MECHANICAL ASPECTS OF ADHESIVE PROCESSES IN GENERAL; ADHESIVE PROCESSES NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; USE OF MATERIALS AS ADHESIVES
    • C09J2475/00Presence of polyurethane
    • C09J2475/006Presence of polyurethane in the substrate
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10S428/913Material designed to be responsive to temperature, light, moisture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1452Polymer derived only from ethylenically unsaturated monomer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1467Coloring agent
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1471Protective layer
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/14Layer or component removable to expose adhesive
    • Y10T428/1486Ornamental, decorative, pattern, or indicia
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24851Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24802Discontinuous or differential coating, impregnation or bond [e.g., artwork, printing, retouched photograph, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24851Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential
    • Y10T428/2486Intermediate layer is discontinuous or differential with outer strippable or release layer

Abstract

A method of manufacturing a luminous sticker having heterogeneous pasteboard 1, double-faced adhesive paper 2, and a luminous layer 3, wherein the sticker has a luminous layer 3 by adding light condensing material, which has good brightness and has long luminous time, to plastics which is a family of polyurethane, and has a surface protection layer 4 by attaching a transparent plastic film, on which a decorative pattern is printed on the back surface, to the upper of the luminous layer 3.

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to the method of manufacturing a luminous sticker having ornamental effect and more particularly, to a luminous sticker having ornamental effect, which double-faced adhesive paper is adhering to heterogeneous pasteboard, wherein the sticker, after forming a plastic luminous layer, which is a family of polyurethane, having light condensing material which has good brightness and has long luminous time, plastic film, on which a decorative pattern is printed, is configured to be adhering on it.

2. Discussion of Related Art

Generally speaking, even though residential space such as a house and an office has illumination facilities for night, it is difficult to identify things because it is too dark indoors at the time of sudden electric power failure and blackout. Especially, there comes concern about a big accident taking place since users could not find the right place of a power switch and a doorway and an emergency exit. In addition to that, modern skyscrapers are mostly made of a cement structure and their windows are too small, so that it can be inconvenient for a user to identify the place of stairs and elevators due to sudden darkness when he comes in from the outside as it is too dark although it is day time in case that it is very cloudy.

In order to solve the above problems, previously, the additional installation of indoor emergency light or a tail light may be done or a small light may be installed at a switch box to be turned on or off so that a user may confirm the location of a light switch.

However these methods result in problems such as the unnecessary lose of electric power, the cumbersome of location confirmation, and the addition of cost.

Meanwhile, in order to conceal the dirty part and ornaments at a specific place, used are often the methods that a picture or pictures and writings are suspended or stickers are attached. However there is no different effect other than an ornamental effect when using a sticker. Also there is a week point in that a pattern part gets discolored by sunlight with ease and, if a fixed time elapses, gets dirty, and in the night it is impossible to identify things with a naked eye.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, in order to overcome such drawbacks in the conventional art, it is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a luminous sticker, having an inherent ornamental effect specific to a sticker, which has an elegant decorative effect by emitting light within a dark building or in the night when a light turns off.

It is another object to provide relatively low cost sticker having the above object.

To achieve these and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described, there is provided a method of manufacturing a luminous sticker having heterogeneous pasteboard 1, double-faced adhesive paper 2, and a luminous layer 3, wherein the sticker has a luminous layer 3 by adding light condensing material, which has good brightness and has long luminous time, to plastics which is a family of polyurethane, and has a surface protection layer 4 by attaching a transparent plastic film, on which a decorative pattern is printed on the back surface, to the upper of the luminous layer 3.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is also provided the method of manufacturing a luminous sticker according to claim 1, wherein above light condensing material adds europium Eu as activator material to an aluminate ingredient which is alkali metals and is composed and manufactured, after adding at least one element among lanthanoid elements such as cerium Ce, praseodymium Pr, neodymium Nd, terbium Tb, holmium Ho.

According to another aspect of the present invention, there is also provided the method of manufacturing a luminous sticker according to claim 1 and 2, wherein luminous layer 3 adds 5-10 weight % of light condensing material to plastic which is a family of polyurethane.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ATTACHED DRAWINGS

A more complete appreciation of the invention, and many of the attendant advantages thereof, will be readily apparent as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like reference symbols represent the same or similar components, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a luminous sticker of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view showing a luminous sticker of this invention;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The method of manufacturing a luminous sticker having an ornamental effect of this invention is described in detail.

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view showing a luminous sticker of this invention which uses a hardened plastic film or paper, heterogeneous pasteboard which is already generally used, while polyester coating or silicon coating should be done on a side, so that an adhesive which is spread on the surface of the double-faced adhesive paper 2 is kept from being spread and absorbed on heterogeneous pasteboard 1.

The essential elements of this invention are a luminous layer 3 comprising plastics which is a family of polyurethane which contains light condensing material, which has good brightness and has long luminous time, and a surface protection layer 4, which is attached to the top of a luminous layer 3 and which is made of a transparent plastic film, on which a decorative pattern is printed on the back surface. In this case, as a luminous layer 3 has no adhesive power itself, the heterogeneous pasteboard 1 is attached to a luminous layer 3 by using double-faced adhesive paper 2 perfectly.

The sticker of this invention can be attached on a desired location solidly by detaching it from a heterogeneous pasteboard 1 because it comprises a luminous layer 3, which is made to integrate in a body by double-faced adhesive paper 2, and a surface protection layer 4.

The light condensing material of this invention is newly developed chemical compound and is different from fluorescent substance, which is developed up to now, in characteristic. If a potential difference occurs by the heat of thermal energy, it emits light due to the potential difference and, as electric potential is stabilized, so emitting light is weakened, but it is ten times as much useful as the existing fluorescent substance and light condensing material are.

Describing more in detail, the light condensing material of this invention adds europium EU as activator material to an aluminate ingredient which is alkali metal and, after adding at least one element among lanthanoid elements such as cerium Ce, praseodymium Pr, neodymium Nd, terbium Tb, holmium Ho, composes them to manufacture it.

The luminous layer 3 of this invention adds, for effectiveness, 5-10 weight % of light condensing material to plastic which is a family of polyurethane although light-emitting ability depends on the amount of the above used light condensing material.

In case of below 5-10 weight % of light condensing material used, the light-emitting ability decreases undesirably and in the case of more than 10 weight % of light condensing material used, its forming ability decrease, so it is difficult to make a mat and plastic which are a family of polyurethane.

Plastic which is a family of polyurethane and a luminous layer 3 contains light condensing material and can use all kinds of things that can form a film and a mat layer. At the time when light emits, it is advisable for a use to use colorless and transparent light condensing material in order not to exert a bad influence upon it.

The surface-protecting layer 4, after printing a specific design or characters on a surface of a conventional transparent plastic film by the method of screen printing, protects the luminous layer 3 by thermally attaching the printed surface to the surface of the luminous layer 3, so at the time of emitting light, various designs and patterns can be represented and decorative effects can be achieved.

The luminous sticker of the invention, as above described, as silicon coating or polyester coating has been done on the heterogeneous pasteboard 1 which is made of paper or plastic film, can be easily separated from the heterogeneous pasteboard 1 since the adhesive on the double-faced adhesive paper does not sink into the heterogeneous pasteboard 1, so it shows a good adhesive characteristic at the time of attaching itself to the objects.

Also, the luminous layer 3 is made to be blended with both synthetic resin which is a family of polyurethane evenly, forms a top plate having constant thickness by meting and pressing out-method, and become a single body as it is attached thermally by a double-faced adhesive paper 2 and a surface protection layer 4.

When casting material melted between a plastic resin, which is a family of polyurethane and light condensing material which forms the luminous layer 3, there is no special limitation to its thickness. However, in case that the thickness is within the range which can include light condensing material up to the point where some brightness can remain, it does not make any problem. As far as casting is concerned, reverse roll coater or knife coating methods can be used.

With the luminous sticker, which is manufactured as the above described, as the light which is emitted from a luminous layer is emitted externally after passing the surface protection layer 4 of a transparent synthetic resin film which has a pattern printed on the top, various characters having some decorative effects printed on the inside of the surface protection layer 4 can be seen by the luminous layer even in the dark place.

With the above described luminous sticker, its brightness can be controlled by controlling the size of a sticker and, without additional power supply, it emits light, so not only it plays a part of a tail-light, but also it is convenient and useful as it can have some decorative effects.

It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications can be made in The method of manufacturing a luminous sticker having ornamental effect of the present invention, without departing from the spirit of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover such modifications as well as variations thereof, within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (2)

What is claimed is:
1. A luminous sticker comprising
a heterogeneous pasteboard,
a double-faced adhesive paper having a first face and a second face, wherein the first face is attached to the pasteboard,
a non-adhesive luminous layer which is attached to the second face of the adhesive paper, wherein the luminous layer comprises a mixture of a polyurethane-based plastic and a light condensing material comprising a europium activator, an alkali metal salt of aluminate, and a lanthanoid element selected from the group consisting of cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, terbium and holmium, and
a surface protection layer having a back surface which is attached to the luminous layer, wherein the surface protection layer comprises a transparent plastic film and a decorative pattern formed on the back surface.
2. The luminous sticker of claim 1, wherein the light condensing material is present in the luminous layer in an amount which is 5-10 weight % of the amount of the polyurethane-based plastic.
US09261205 1999-03-03 1999-03-03 Luminous sticker having ornamental effect Expired - Fee Related US6251491B1 (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1316570A1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-06-04 Ulrich Prof. Dr. Kynast Presentation of polymers for luminescence effects
US20040128896A1 (en) * 2003-01-02 2004-07-08 Baldwin James E. Matboard for artwork having luminescent designs
US20070043150A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2007-02-22 Min-Ho Lee Flame retardant interior sheet with low smoke emission
US20070051923A1 (en) * 2005-04-29 2007-03-08 Defense Holdings, Inc. Photoluminescent (PL) applications on moveable equipment
US20090013568A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2009-01-15 Kwak John J Luminescent license plate and method to use same
US20100172128A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2010-07-08 Ron Gustaveson Apparatus for a solar window nightlight
US20110007500A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2011-01-13 Gustaveson Ron G Apparatus for a solar window nightlight
CN102310701A (en) * 2011-07-19 2012-01-11 张连志 Handicraft and its manufacturing method
CN102925068A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-02-13 叶万山 Flute diaphragm sticker as well as use method and manufacture method thereof
WO2017045046A1 (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-03-23 Derick Arippol Visual message transmission device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4054697A (en) 1974-12-16 1977-10-18 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Decorative sheet material
US4567072A (en) 1984-09-21 1986-01-28 Murfin Incorporated Article exhibiting apparent luminescence and its method of manufacture
US4605592A (en) 1982-08-19 1986-08-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite decorative article
US5362374A (en) 1993-08-27 1994-11-08 Chang Jung Ming Method for making decorative stickers
US5839718A (en) * 1997-07-22 1998-11-24 Usr Optonix Inc. Long persistent phosphorescence phosphor
JPH1143651A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-02-16 Bridgestone Corp Glow-in-the-dark adhesive film

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4054697A (en) 1974-12-16 1977-10-18 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Decorative sheet material
US4605592A (en) 1982-08-19 1986-08-12 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Composite decorative article
US4567072A (en) 1984-09-21 1986-01-28 Murfin Incorporated Article exhibiting apparent luminescence and its method of manufacture
US5362374A (en) 1993-08-27 1994-11-08 Chang Jung Ming Method for making decorative stickers
US5839718A (en) * 1997-07-22 1998-11-24 Usr Optonix Inc. Long persistent phosphorescence phosphor
JPH1143651A (en) * 1997-07-28 1999-02-16 Bridgestone Corp Glow-in-the-dark adhesive film

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
Abstract of Japanese Patent Publ. No. 10-020790; dated Jan. 23, 1998.
Abstract of Japanese Patent Publ. No. 9-158064; dated Jun. 17, 1997.

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1316570A1 (en) * 2001-12-03 2003-06-04 Ulrich Prof. Dr. Kynast Presentation of polymers for luminescence effects
US20040128896A1 (en) * 2003-01-02 2004-07-08 Baldwin James E. Matboard for artwork having luminescent designs
US20070043150A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2007-02-22 Min-Ho Lee Flame retardant interior sheet with low smoke emission
US20070051923A1 (en) * 2005-04-29 2007-03-08 Defense Holdings, Inc. Photoluminescent (PL) applications on moveable equipment
US8075801B2 (en) * 2005-04-29 2011-12-13 Defense Holdings, Inc. Photoluminescent (PL) applications on moveable equipment
US20090013568A1 (en) * 2007-07-11 2009-01-15 Kwak John J Luminescent license plate and method to use same
US7784992B2 (en) * 2009-01-07 2010-08-31 Ron Gustaveson Apparatus for a solar window nightlight
US20110007500A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2011-01-13 Gustaveson Ron G Apparatus for a solar window nightlight
US20100172128A1 (en) * 2009-01-07 2010-07-08 Ron Gustaveson Apparatus for a solar window nightlight
CN102310701A (en) * 2011-07-19 2012-01-11 张连志 Handicraft and its manufacturing method
CN102925068A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-02-13 叶万山 Flute diaphragm sticker as well as use method and manufacture method thereof
CN102925068B (en) 2012-09-29 2014-09-10 叶万山 Flute diaphragm sticker as well as use method and manufacture method thereof
WO2017045046A1 (en) * 2015-09-18 2017-03-23 Derick Arippol Visual message transmission device

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