US621713A - Plow-handle-bending machine - Google Patents

Plow-handle-bending machine Download PDF


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US621713A US621713DA US621713A US 621713 A US621713 A US 621713A US 621713D A US621713D A US 621713DA US 621713 A US621713 A US 621713A
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    • B27H1/00Bending wood stock, e.g. boards
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/40Buckles
    • Y10T24/4002Harness
    • Y10T24/4028Penetrating tongue
    • Y10T24/4037Pivoted


"0,621,713. Patented Mar. 2|, I899.
PLOW HANDLE assume MACHINE. '(Application fllodjlay '11, 1897.)
(No Model.) 2 sham-shut I.-
connected by links.
SFECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 621,713, dated March 21, 1899.
7 Application filed May 17, 1897. Serial No. 636,972. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE M. RoBEsoN,
a citizen of the United States, residing at Farmville, in the county of Prince Edward and State of Virginia, have invented a new and useful Plow-Handle-Bending Machine, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in plow -handle-bending machines in which grooved forms operatein connection with a flexible bed, a pivoted lever, a vise, an equalizing-head, a steam-cylinder, a weight, a clamp, and aclamp-stop, all in connection witha suitable frame.
The object of my invention is to provide a plow-handle-bending machine to bend one or more plow-handles at one and the same time without the necessity of equalizing the plowhandles'that can be operated continuously by hand or power and in which the clamp can be fastened after the handles are bent. I attain these objects by mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings and specification, in which-- Figure l is a side view of the entire machine. Fig. 2 is a top view of the entire machine. Fig. 3 is a sectional view through one of the bars forming the flexible bed. Fig. 4: is an enlarged view of the equalizing-levers. Fig. 5 is a side view of the vise in section. Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the machine through lines 1 2 3 4, Fig. 1. Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the clamp. Fig. 8 is a side View of one of the links of the flexible bed.
Similar letters and figures refer to similar parts throughout the several views.
The beams A and the lugs'B B form the frame of the machine.
The bed-plate M is bolted to beams A and is provided at one end with lugs and pins 0, to which the bars of the flexible bed P are (Shown in Fig. 8.) The other end of the flexible bed is connected to a head-piece H, provided with lugs O and pins to attach the links to, and also with another set of lugs 0 to which is connected, by a shaft N, the lever L. This lever is provided at one end with a heavy weight W, and at the other end is connected by a pin q to connecting-rod O. Connecting-rod C is attached by pin to a cross-head K, which is attached to the piston-rod G and slides on guides j. The guides j are bolted to the under side of beams A and to the head of cylinder 00. The cylinder 00 is provided with a piston and with valves operated by handlever, treadle, or both, or any other convenient means now in common use to control the flow of steam in the cylinder. Upon the lever L are mounted the grooved forms F, on which the plow-handles are bent. These forms are bolted to the lever and can be easily removed and replaced by others of different size or shape. Although I have drawn and described my machine with a flexible bed composed of bars and links, I do not confine myself to this construction, as it is quite obvious thata flexible strap could be used, with or without bars, or the bars might be strung on wire rope or on wire rods, or a flexible bed connected on the principle of the detachablelink chain in common use could be used to accomplish the same result. I prefer the plan shown in the drawings and described in the specification, which I think is the best form. At the other end of beams A is securely bolted a box J, in which runs a screw r, which in turn runs in a nut. attached to the crosshead y, upon which is mounted the equalizer E, as shown enlarged at Fig. 4, in which 1 is the main lever or doubletree, at is a bolt upon which 1 can freely turn, and 2 2 are two short levers or singletrees connected to lever 1 by bolts 6 6,upon which they freely turn. To each end of levers 2 2 are pivoted, by bolts 5 5 5 5, the plungers 3 3 3 3, one plunger for each handle. This whole contrivance is mounted upon the sliding cross-head y, to which it is attached by bolt l. The object of this equalizer is to obviate the necessity for having all the handles cut to an exact length.
Between the equalizing-head E and the bed-plate M a double vise D is securely bolt ed to the bed. This vise is provided with two sets of jaws s s, Fig. 5, a right-and-left screw T, and right and left nutsVV. One nut is bolted to a bar which carries the jaws s s. The other not is bolted to two bars which carry the jaws s 8'. These bars slide in grooves in frames 11. The screwT is provided with a hand-wheel a. On turning the screw by the hand-wheel it is obvious that the jaws of the. vise will be opened and closed simul taneously. The object of this vise is to pre- 'ping while wedge is being driven.
vent the handles from springing during the bending operation.
The clamp, Fig. 7, is made of a steel band 10, (but may be made of any suitable material, as brass, copper, or iron,) serrated plates 11, knee-piece 12, rod 14, plate 13, wedge 14%;, and clamp 15.
It will be observed that the end of the band 10 upon which serrated plates 11 are riveted is split for a short distance and also that plate 13 is split, as shown by the line in center. The object of this is to allow the clamp to engage each handle,although they may vary a little in thickness. After the handles are bent, the straps being on them, the plates 13 will be on one edge of the handles, exactly opposite serrated plates 11. The clamp 15 is then placed over the plates and fastened by wedge let, one wedge and one clamp for each handle, the plate 13 resting on the handles, as shown in Fig. 1.
The stop 16-on frame for clamp 15 is so located and made as to hold clamp 15 from slip- The stop is a simple block of metal or wood, or it may be made by extending the bed-plate M to the exact point where clamp 15 will come. (See Fig. 1.) Clamp 15 simply bears against stop 16 while wedge 14-3-13 being driven. The-flexible bed P is composed of link-bars, a view of which is shown in Fig. 7 7 represent pins, upon which are placed links, a diagram of which is shown at Fig. 8, to connect the linkbars to each other. Particular attention is called to the fact that the surface of the linkbars at 9, Fig. 3, is on a line with the center of pins 7 7 and forms the floor or bed which supports the handles during the act of bending and prevents them from breaking.
The head-piece H of the flexible bed is an essential feature of my invention. The shaft N, forming the pivot upon which lever L freely turns, is so located that the forms are raised entirely out of the flexible bed automatically by reversing the movement of the piston in the cylinder, thus allowing the handles to be removed from the grooved forms, and when the forms are drawn down in the first act of bending a heavy pressure is imposed upon the ends of the handles, clamping them securely in the head-piece. The lever L, with forms F F on each side, the power being applied at g, which is in the center, forms a perfectly-balanced head requiring no guides.
The power-cylinder or air-cylinder or, which is located under the frame of the machine, as
shown in the drawings, is connected to the lever L by connecting-rod O and piston-rod G. It is obvious that as the piston, which is not shown, moves the piston-rod G and piston-rod G moves connecting-rod O, to which it is connected by pins, so will connectingrod 0, which is connected to lever L by pin q, move lever L, causing lever L to revolve about bolt N and bring forms F, which are attached to lever L, in contact with handles that have been placed in the machine. As soon as forms F strike the handles the rotation of L about N ceases. Head-piece H and chain 19 are picked up and, with the handles, are bent or wound about F by the continued movement of the piston in cylinder 00 until the handles are fully bent, as shown in dotted lines, Fig. 1. After the clamps are fastened the reversal of the piston in the cylinder Will force the bending-head back to its starting-point, at which place the handlescan be removed. This same movement could be accomplished by the application of power through gearing of various sorts in common use; but I prefer the power cylinder, although I do not limit myself to this construction. When the inner end of lever L is drawn down until form F comes intooontact with the work, the curved surfaces of said forms become a rocking fulcrum for said lever.
motion on this fulcrum results in raising the pivot N and head-piece Hand bending the flexible bed and the work between said head and said form. The resistance to be overcome in raising'said pivot N is not only that of the work to be bent, but is increased by a weight W on the outer end of lever L. As the downward pressure of the fulcrum is necessarily increased as the resistance is in creased, therefore the pressure exerted by the form constituting the fulcrum is increased by the added resistance of the weight,result ing in a greater and more steady or uniform pressure of the form and an improvement in the resultant bending of the wood. Weight also tends to return the parts to normal position.
To operate the machine, place two clamps in the flexible bed. Then place two pairs of handles,which have been previously prepared and steamed, in the machine, with the ends to be bent lying in the clamps, the central portion of the handles in the double vise D, one pair of handles in each pair of jaws and The the other end of the handles resting against the plungers of the equalizer. The screw 0' is now turned by the spider I, forcing the equalizer against the handles and the handles in turn and their clamps against the head-piece H. 'The jaws of vise D are now closed against the sides of the handles, holding them firm and true in the center of the machine. Steam is now turned into the cylinder ac, The lever L, with forms F F, is drawn down. As soon as the forms strike the handles the head-piece II will be lifted up from the solid bed-plate M and carry with it the rest of the flexible bed P, thus winding the handles around the forms, as illustrated in Fig. 1. The stroke of the piston is exactly equal to the stroke of the bending-head, so that the piston strikes the cylinder-head or suitable stops at each end of the stroke, and thus holds the handles in place until the repeated continuously.
I am aware that the steam-cylinder is not a new invention, nor is it absolutely necessary to the practical working of my machine, asit is obviously practical to use a train of gears or hand-power applied direct to the lever, as I would do in building a machine to bend one handle at a time.
Having now described my machine, I claim as my invention 1. The combination in aplow-handle-bending head of a solid bed-plate M, bolted to beams A, of a flexible bed P formed of a series of bars P pivotally connected by links R to each other and to solid bed-plate M of a head-piece II having two sets of lugs, by one set of which it is pivotally connected to and forms the free end of the flexible bed, of a lever L carrying forms, pivotally connected to head-piece H, by the other set of lugs, of a weight W, secured to one end of said lever, as set forth.
2. In the double vise D jaws s, 8, connected to one nut V, and jaws s .9 connected to the other nut V, both nuts being fitted to one right-and-left screw T, all in combination with a plow-handle bender as shown and described.
3. In combination with the bending mechanism of a wood-bending machine the equalizing-head E, composed of a main lever, said lever being pivotally connected at its center to a sliding cross-head y and at each end to two shorter levers, which latter levers are pivotally connected at their centers with the main lever and near their ends with plungers substantially as shown and described in the drawings and specification.
4:. In a clamp for holding bent Wood the flexible strap 10, split for a short distance at one end, with two serrated plates 11 riveted to split end of strap, the plate 13 pivotally connected to knee-piece 12 by rod lt, said knee-piece being riveted to the flexible strap all in combination as shown and described.
5. The power-cylinder 00 secured to beams A by guides J and connected to the lever L of thebending-head by piston-rod G, pins S connecting-rod O and pin q in combination with the form and said bending-head and flexible bed substantially as shown and de scribed.
, 6. The combination in a plow-handle-bending machine of a bending-head secured to one end of a suitable frame, of means for operating the bending-head, of a doublevise connected to the frame near the center of its length, of an equalizing-head secured to the frame so it will slide longitudinally on the frame at the opposite end from the bending head, means for sliding the equalizing-head, of a clamp for holding the handles in shape, and the stop 16 all substantially as set forth in the written specification and shown in the drawings.
7. In a wood-bending machine a series of bars P shown in section with space 9 for articles being bent to rest on and space 8 for connecting-links to occupy and pins 7 to pass through the links, the axis of the pins being located in the plane of the surface of space 9 so as to cause the article to be perfectly bent; as shown and described.
8. In a wood-bending machine, the headpiece H, pivotally connected to lever L by lugs O and bolt N and to flexible bed or strap P by lugs 0' so located with regard to each other and to the forms F that on moving said lever said forms are brought in contact with the articles to be bent, and said articles bent bythe continuation of the same movement, and upon the reversal of the movement, said forms and bent articles are thrown back and out of said head-piece and flexible bed or strap to a point from which said bent articles can be readily removed from said forms; the forms being then and there in proper position for the beginning of the next operation; as shown and described 9. In a wood-bending machine, the weight W on the outer end of lever L in combination with said lever and the form F, located on the inner end thereof said lever being pivotally connected to flexible bed P by pivot N said form and weight being on opposite sides of said pivot thereby increasing thepressure of said form upon said flexible bed and the material being bent thereon as shown and described.
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