US610721A - Bottle-stopper - Google Patents

Bottle-stopper Download PDF

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US610721A
US610721A US610721DA US610721A US 610721 A US610721 A US 610721A US 610721D A US610721D A US 610721DA US 610721 A US610721 A US 610721A
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stopper
bottle
bail
lever
shaped
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D45/00Clamping or other pressure-applying devices for securing or retaining closure members
    • B65D45/02Clamping or other pressure-applying devices for securing or retaining closure members for applying axial pressure to engage closure with sealing surface
    • B65D45/16Clips, hooks, or clamps which are removable, or which remain connected either with the closure or with the container when the container is open, e.g. C-shaped
    • B65D45/20Clips, hooks, or clamps which are removable, or which remain connected either with the closure or with the container when the container is open, e.g. C-shaped pivoted
    • B65D45/24Clips, hooks, or clamps which are removable, or which remain connected either with the closure or with the container when the container is open, e.g. C-shaped pivoted incorporating pressure-applying means, e.g. screws or toggles

Description

Patented Sept. l3, I898;

C. DE QUILLFEL-DT.

BOTTLE 'STOPPEB.

(Application filed June 10, 1898.)

{No Model.)

fiffffiil 2222:. J.

WITNESSES:

Warren STATES CHARLES DE QUILLFELDT, OF AMITYVILLE, NEWV YORK.

BOTTLE-STOPPER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 610,721 dated September 13, 1898.

Application filed June 10,1898. Serial No. 683,048. (No twain.)

T0 aZZ whom it may conc er nk Be it known that 1, CHARLES DE QUILL- FELDT, a citizen of the United States, residing at Amityville, in the county of Sufiolk and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle- Stoppers, of which the followingis a specification.

This invention relates to an improved bottle-stopper of that class which is intended to be used in bottling carbonated liquids.

The object of the invent-ion is to adapt the Well-known Lightning bottle-stopper, for which Letters Patent were granted to me on January 5, 1875, reissued June 5, 1877, No. 7,722, for use in bottling carbonated liquids in the ordinary bottles in which such liquids are put up. For this purpose it is necessary that in place of a pivotal connection of the bail or yoke of the lever-frame with the stopper a detachable connection be employed, so that the stopper can be removed from the lever-frame, placed in the bottling-machine, and transferred to the mouth of the bottle by the plunger of the bottlingmachine when the bottle is filled with the carbonated liquid, after which the connection with the bail is established and the stopper lockedin the wellknown manner.

The invention consists, primarily, of a bottle-stopper having a pivoted bail and a locking-lever for the same, said bail being provided with a U shaped upperportion adapted to engage the recessed shank of the stopperhead whenever the stopper is applied to the bottle.

The invention consists, secondly, in the peculiar construction of the bail by which the detachable connection of the lever-frame with the stopper is accomplished, and, lastly, of a bottle-stopper the head of which is provided with a recessed shank of sufficient height to permit the application of the bail of the lever-frame of the device.

In the accompanying drawings, Figures 1 and 2 represent side elevations of my improved bottle-stopper, showing the same, respectively, in closed position on the mouth of the bottle and in the act of applying the bail to the stopper and showing in dotted lines the stopper removed from the bottle-mouth and supported in the bail. Figs. 3 and 4 are respectively a side elevation and a vertical central section ofmy improved stopper detached from the bail. Fig. 5 is a rear elevation of my improved bottle-stopper with the stopper detached; and Fig. 6 is a plan view of the same, partly in horizontal section, through the stopper-head.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts.

Referring to the drawings, A represents a bottle such as is usually employed in bottling carbonated liquids.

B is the stopper, which is formed of a tapering lower portion or neck upon which is placed a rubber gasket, said gasket being thickened at its upper end. A shoulder 12 is formed on the lower end of the neck of the stopperB, said shoulder Z) retaining the elastic gasket in position on the neck of the stopper. Above the stopper-neck is the head B of the stopper, which has a cylindrical shank cl, of smaller diameter than the cylindrical head, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4:- The recessed -shank d is of sufficient height to permit the free application of the hail of the wire leverframe to the head of the stopper whenever required. The lever-frame consists of the usual wire neck-band e and a U-shaped locking-lever E, that is pivoted to eyes of the neck-band and provided with eyes for the inwardly-bent ends of the bail E. The 'wire neck-band, the locking-lever, and the bail or yoke, which serve for retaining the stopper in the mouth of the bottle, are all of the wellknown construction and form no part of the present invention, with the exception of the bail, the upper transverse portion E of which is bent in approximately U shape, as shown in Fig. 6, so as to be applied detachably to the shank of the stopper. The legs of the U-shaped portion E converge somewhat and contact with the shank of the stopper near their outer ends'and by their pressure hold the shank of the stopper in contact with the rear portion of the U -shaped portion and prevent its escape and entire disconnection from the lever frame. The device is not rigid, however, but is made from wire'hav ing more or less tension, whereby the U- shaped gripping portion yields at the points f f,thereby permitting the removal of the stopper from the lever-frame when sufficient force is applied. The U-shaped portion E then immediately springs back into its former shape, and force has to be again employed when it is desired to insert the stopper. The stopper having once been inserted, it is gripped with sufficient strength to hold it against the shocks of ordinary use and is only intended to be removed when the bottle is placed in the bottling-machine for refilling. In forming the upper transverse portion of the bail the Wire is first bent forward and then backward, forming. the short forward bends c 0, one at each side of the u-shaped portion.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the bends of the gripping portions are made at right angles to the side portions of the bail E. By this construction the entire U-shaped portion E is adapted to lie flat upon the shoulder B of the stopper when the stopper is inserted in the time the operator forces the U-shaped poring-leverand held by the'retain-ing-bail, as shown in dotted'lines in Fig. 2, until the same is returned for refilling, when the stopper is detached from the bail preparatory to filling.

Having thus described my invention, I claim as new-and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. The combination of alocking-lever pivoted to the neck of the bottle, a bail pivoted to eyes of said lever, said bail being provided in its upper transverse portion with an approximately U-shaped portion having converging legs, and a stopper provided with an elastic gasket at its lower portion and a recessed shank in its head, which shank is adapted to be detachably engaged between said converging legs and the base of said U- shaped portion of the bail, substantially as set forth.

2. In a bottle-stopper, a bail for engaging the stopper-head, provided in its upper transverse portion with short forward bends and an approximately U-shaped portion. having converging legs between said bends, substantially as set forth.

3. A bottle-stopper, comprising a lockinglever applied to the neck of the bottle, a bail connected with said locking-lever and provided With an approximately U shaped transverse upper portion, and a stopper adapted to be detachably engaged by said bail and to permit the tilting of said transverse portion relatively to said stopper, whereby the stopper may be removed from the bottle-mouth without disengaging said bail therefrom, substantially as set forth.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

CHARLES DE QUILLFELDT.

Witnesses:

PAUL GoEPEL, GEO. W. JAEKEL.

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642108A (en) * 1950-12-04 1953-06-16 Lear Inc Safety locking device for nuts
US20060180567A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2006-08-17 Ott Michael J Bottle tote

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2642108A (en) * 1950-12-04 1953-06-16 Lear Inc Safety locking device for nuts
US20060180567A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2006-08-17 Ott Michael J Bottle tote

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