US604770A - Pneumatic attachment for telegraph-keys - Google Patents

Pneumatic attachment for telegraph-keys Download PDF

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US604770A
US604770A US604770DA US604770A US 604770 A US604770 A US 604770A US 604770D A US604770D A US 604770DA US 604770 A US604770 A US 604770A
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key
telegraph
diaphragm
keys
wall
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K17/00Electronic switching or gating, i.e. not by contact-making and –breaking
    • H03K17/94Electronic switching or gating, i.e. not by contact-making and –breaking characterised by the way in which the control signals are generated
    • H03K17/96Touch switches
    • H03K17/962Capacitive touch switches

Description

(No Model.) W!
PNEUMATIC ATTAGHMENT FOR TELEGRAPH KEYS.
' No. 604,770. Patented May 31,1898.
w: NORRXS PETERS co, PNoYuuT a, wAsmusTou, n cy it iairnn STATES PATEN *AFFECE...
XVILLIAM J. LIFE, OF PRATT, MINNESOTA.
PNEMATlC ATTACHMENT FOR TELEGRAPH KEYS.
EPECIEICATION forming part of Letters Patent hl'o. 604,770, dated May 31, 1898.
Application filed April 15, 1897. Serial No. 632,337. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern/:-
Be it known that I, \VILLIAM J. LIEB, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pratt, in the county of Steele, State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Attachments for Telegraph-Keys, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to attachments for telegraph-keys; and the object of the inven- "ion is to provide a yielding device to be secured to the key of the telegraph instrument to enable the operator to obtain and maintain a firm grasp upon the key while sending a message; and a further object is to provide a device which when placed over the key will form a soft yielding upper surface for the same, and thereby prevent the disease known as operators paralysis.
A still further object is to provide a keyeushion into which air may be forced to render the upper surface of the cushion comp tratively hard and non-yieldingto the touch.
The invention consists generally in an atichment for telegraph-keys having an inner all or diaphragm forming a closed air-chamoer above the key.
Further, the invention consists in providing an attachment with an inflatable outer wall and means permitting the chamber to be filled with air; and, further, the invention consists in means for securing the device upon a telegraph-key, all as hereinafter described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, forming part of the specification, Figure 1 is a vertical section of the device. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the device attached to a telegraph-key. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the device attached to a key. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the same.
In the drawings, F represents the key-button of an ordinary telegraph instrument, and I) the outer wall of the device to be placed over the button.
D is a wall or diaphragm extending across the interior of the device and connecting the opposite walls D at a point near the lower edge of the same. At the lower edge of the walls D, I provide the inwardly projeeting flange or ring 0, and, as shown in Fig. 1, I
may provide a tube A, passing through the diaphragm D and connecting the interior of the device with the outer air.
To use the device, the key-button is forced into the space between the diaphragm D and the upper surface of the flange or ring A. This is done by stretching the flange A and drawing the same down over the edges of the key-button, so that the flange will bear upon the under surface of the key-button and the diaphragm upon the upper surface of the same, the space between the flange and diaphragm being sufficiently small to cause the key-button to fit snugly within the same and prevent the device from becoming loose or detached while in use.
By means of the diaphragm a closed airchamber is formed above the key-button, and, if desired, air may be forced into the chamber through the tube A, and the wall D thereby placed under tension and made hard and nonyielding to the touch of the operator, or the device may be used with only the ordinary atmospheric pressure in the chamber, if desired. hen the ehamberis filled with air under pressure, the end of the tube A is closed by the finger until the device is in position over the keybutton, when the edge of the button coming in contact with the tube will force the same over to one side against the wall D, closing the passage through the tube and preventing the escape of the Compressed air from the chamber.
I do not confine myself to the exact form of the device herein shown nor to the means shown for attaching the cushion to the keybutton, as the device is susceptible of considerable modification in this respect.
I prefer to make the entire device of rubber; but the lower portion that comes in contact with the key-button may be made of a harder, less yielding, and flexible material, if desired.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. A pneumatic attachment for telegraphkeys, comprising an outer wall, a diaphragm, means for securing the device to a key-button, and a tube leading into an air-chamber formed by said outer wall and said diaphragm, for the purpose set forth.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a cushion for telegraph-keys, comprising an inflatable outer wall or shell, a diaphragm forming a closed air-chamber within said shell, means for securing said shell upon a key, and the wall of said chamber being provided with an opening through which air may be forced to inflate said cushion, for the purpose set forth.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a cushion for telegraph-keys comprising a substantially hemispherical shell, having a flexible outer wall, a diaphragm extending across the lower portion of said shell and forming an air-chamber therein, and an inwardly-turned annular flange at the lower edge of said wall, a space being provided between said flange and said diaphragm, for the purpose set forth.
4. In a device of the class described, the combination, with a key, of an elastic shell or cap arranged over the same, means for se curing said shell to said key, a diaphragm connecting the inner walls of said shell and forming an air-chamber in the upper portion of the same, said diaphragm being provided With an opening in its wall to permit said chamber to be filled with air, and said openin g being covered by said key when the cushion is in position thereon to prevent the escape of air from said chamber, substantially as described.
5. The combination, with the key F, of the shell or cap arranged over the same, and comprising an inflatable outer wall D, an inner wall or diaphragm D, extending across the lower portion of the shell and forming an airchamber therein, the inwardly-turned flange or ring 0, an annular recess being provided between the same and said diaphragm to receive the edge of said key, and said diaphragm having an opening leading to said air-chamber, the entrance to said opening being closed by said key when the device is in position thereon, substantially as described.
6. As a new article of manufacture, a cushion for telegraph-keys, comprising a substantially hemispherical shell, having an inflatable and flexible outer wall, a diaphragm extending across the lower portion of said shell and forming a closed air-chamber therein, and means provided at or near the lower edge of said wall for securing the same to a telegraph-key, substantially as described.
WILLIAM J. LIEB. lVitnesses:
WM. OHRMANN, XV. O. LIEB.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561402A (en) * 1947-01-24 1951-07-24 E F Nelson Company Inc Spectacle temple
US4565460A (en) * 1984-03-05 1986-01-21 Kline Alva C Convex key top configurations
WO1998050237A1 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-12 Bill Bonnstauffer Stress relieving keys

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2561402A (en) * 1947-01-24 1951-07-24 E F Nelson Company Inc Spectacle temple
US4565460A (en) * 1984-03-05 1986-01-21 Kline Alva C Convex key top configurations
WO1998050237A1 (en) * 1997-05-09 1998-11-12 Bill Bonnstauffer Stress relieving keys
CN1106946C (en) * 1997-05-09 2003-04-30 比尔·邦斯托弗 Stress relieving keys

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