US597834A - Siphon-head - Google Patents

Siphon-head Download PDF

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US597834A
US597834A US597834DA US597834A US 597834 A US597834 A US 597834A US 597834D A US597834D A US 597834DA US 597834 A US597834 A US 597834A
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valve
head
stem
chamber
siphon
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D1/00Apparatus or devices for dispensing beverages on draught
    • B67D1/04Apparatus utilising compressed air or other gas acting directly or indirectly on beverages in storage containers
    • B67D1/0456Siphons, i.e. beverage containers under gas pressure without supply of further pressurised gas during dispensing

Description

(No Model.)
J. S. SHORTLE SIPHON HEAD.
No. 597,834. Patented Jan. 25, 1898.
FIG. 3
WITN .SSES INVENTOR W YgWM/VM/vv ATTY UNITED STATES PATENT rrrcn JAMES S.. SIIORTLE, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
siPHoN-HEAD. y
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters 4Patent No. 597,884, dated January 25, 1898.
Application tiled May 10, 189?. Serial No.'635,846. (No model.)
.To aZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES S. SHORTLE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Ghicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvenienti in SiphonfI-Ieads, of which the :tol-Y lowing is a speciiication.
My invention relates to siphon-heads for vessels in which liquids are stored and discharged under gas-pressure.
The objects of my invention are to attain simplicity and cleanliness in devices of this class; to provide a Siphon-head which will be operative without the spring and springchamber in ordinary use on devicesof this class, one which maybe operated with a lower gas-pressure than is required by those in ordinary use, and one in which the entire body of the Siphon-head is of such simplicity that it can be readily molded from glass, porcelain, or similar material; to provide for cleanliness by arran gin g the valve-actuatin g mech-V anism mainly outside of the body of the siphon-head; to provide for adjusting the valveactuating mechanism out of the operative position, so as to avoid accidental discharge of the liquid, and to improve the construction of the valve and its actuating mechanism. 'I accomplish these objects by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure l is a vertical section of the upper part of a bottle l0, having a Siphon-head constructed according to my invention secured thereto. The valve is closed `in this vieur and the lever is shown in dotted lines laid back out of the operative position. Fig. 2 is the same view showing the valve open for the discharge of fluid. Fig. 3 is an outside view of the valve with its stem and the elastic collar 4.
The casing i' or body of the Siphon-head has the valve-chamber therein, is provided with a discharge-chamber terminating in the nozzle 7", and a projection 6, furnishing a fulcrum-seat for the lever.
The casing 7 is suitably arranged for attachment to the vessel. This may be done by means of the divided collar 11, such as is in ordinary use, or it maybe attached in any other convenient manner. It will be understood that same maybe adapted for attachment toany desired form of vessel.
The tube 9 is heldin an elastic hollow plug 8, having an annular recess for the iiange on tlie tube and having an outer flange around the top of the plug serving as a gasket or packing between the top of the bottle-neck andthe casing 7. The iiange on the tube and the annular recess for same in the plug may' be omitted, the lateral pressure of the plug on the tube being usually sufficient to hold saine in position. The object of this form of plug is to bring the top of the tube down substantially iiush with the bottle. This is an advantage over those in ordinary use, Where the tube projects into the valve-chamber and the valve operates in an enlargement of the tube. struction Without enlarging the body of the Siphon-head.
The valve l 2 is seated in the upper part of the chamber 7 and controls the passage from the vessel into the nozzle '7". Thevalve is provided with a stem 3, extending through the top of the casing and having thereon a head 3. Intervening the head 3' and the top of the casing is the elastic packing or collar 4, through which the stem 3 extends. This serves both as a spring for normally closing the valve and as a gasket or a packing for the valve-stem. The lever 5 has its fulcrum in the projection 6. The projection 6 preferably extends higher than the head 3, so that when the lever is laid back in the position shown by the dotted lines the bottles may be packed The valve consists oi' the body l, of metal or some other hard material, having an annular recess, into which the elastic disk 2 is sprung. The piece l is threaded upon the stem 3, thus providing for ready attachment of the parts, as Well as for adjustment of the valve either before or after the Siphon-head is secured to the vessel. This is done by turning the head 3', thereby screwing the stem in the body 1 of the valve. When the valve is closed, the disk 2 will be bent downwardly at its outer rim through its contact with the Walls of the upper narrow part of the chamber 7. The lower liange on the member l,
formed by the annular recess, is prei'erablyl beveled ontop, so that same rmly presses the A larger vent is provided in my conyIO ythe valve is closed.
disk against the walls of the chamber when The nozzle is preferably made so that it will slant downwardly from the top of the valve toward the discharge end. This prevents an accumulation of liquid above the valve. My valve is particularly adapted for this purpose,since.the elasticity of the disk 2 permits the upper part of the valve to be drawn up flush with the lower wall of the discharge-chamber or with the base of the nozzle. The elasticity of the disk 2 also provides a broad Contact of the valve with the walls of the upper part of the chamber 7', thus furnishing a very secure valve, requiring butlittle pressure to hold it in position.
I regard it as a particular advantage in my device to have the valve-actuating mechanism mainly on the outside of the Siphon-head, so that the parts may be easily kept clean.
A feature of my valve connection is that the valve may be tightened from the outside by turning the head 3', thus providing a further safeguard against accidental discharge of the fluid in shipping. This, it will be seen, can be readily loosenedagain by the operator, so as to permit the free operation of the Siphon.
The disk 2 is preferably made of rubber, and the contact of this with the walls of the chamber 7 prevents the body of the valve from turning when the stem is turned in the member l. f
It will be seen that a spring may be used in connection with my member 4; but I prefer to use this member without a spring, first, on account of cleanliness,and,second,because but little force is needed to close the valve, the same being held in position principally by the pressure of the gas.
The elastic members 2, 4, and 8 may be readily replaced by others when worn or hardened through the action of the fluid or gases.
The other parts of the device may be made of metal or any other suitable material,such as porcelain. The simplicity of the member 7 par-- ticularly adapts same to be made of porcelain. lVhat I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. Asiphon-head, comprising a body 7, having a valve-chamber and a discharge-chamber with a passage between same; a valve in said valve-chamber for controlling said passage; a stem secured to said valve extending'through said passage and through the opposite wall of the discharge-chamber, and terminating in a head outside of said body; said head and valve being adj ustably connected by said stem; an elastic collar on said stem between the head and said wall for normally urging the stem outward so as to close the valve; and a lever for depressing said head; substantially as described.
2. A siphon-head,comprisin g a body 7, having a valve-chamber and a discharge-chamber with a passage between same; a valve in said valve-chamber for controlling said passage; a stem threaded to said valve, extending through said passage and through the opposite wall of the discharge-chamber, and terminating in a head rigidly secured to the stem outside of said body whereby said valve may be adjusted on the stem; an elastic collar on said stem between the head and said wall for normally urging the stem outward so as to close the valve; and a lever for depressing said head; substantially as described.
3. A Siphon-head, comprising a body 7 having avalve-chamber and a discharge-chamber, with a passage between same; said valvechamber being cone-shaped, with the narrow part toward said passage; a valve in said valve-chamberfor controlling said passage; said valve consisting of the member l having thereon the elastic disk 2; a stem, secured to the member l, extending through said pas sage and through the opposite wall of the discharge-chamber, and terminating in a head outside of said body; said head and valve being adj ustably connected by said stem; an elastic collar on said stem between the head and said wall for normally urging the stem outward so as to close said valve; and a lever for depressing said head; substantially as described. Y
4. A Siphon-head, comprising the body 7; a valve in said body having a stem extending through the outer wall of the body; an elastic member outside of said wall for normally urging said stem outward so as to close said valve; the projection 6 on said body near the stem; and a lever pivoted in said projection for depressing said stem,and adapted to be turned out of the operative position; substantially as described.
5. A Siphon-head, comprising the body 7 5 a valve in said body having a stem extending through the outer wall of said body; an elastic member outside of said wall for normally urging said stem outward so as to close said valve; the projection 6, on said body, extending beyond the outer limit of the stem; and a lever pivoted in saidv projection, for depressing said stem, and adapted to be turned out of the operative position; substantially as described.
6. A Siphon-head consisting essentially of a body l; a valve in said body having a stem extending through the outer Wall of said body, and terminating in an outer head; the elastic collar i on said stem, between the head and said wall, adapted to serve both as packing for the stem and as a spring for normally urging same outward so as to close the valve; the projection G, on said body, extending beyond the outer limit of the stem and head; and a lever pivoted in said projection, for depressing said stem, and adapted to be turned out of the operative position; substantially as described.
7. A Siphon-head, consisting essentially of the body 7, having the valve-chamber 7 therein,and a discharge-chamber above same; a passage between said chambers; avalve in said valve-chamber for .controlling said passage; said valve consisting of the member l IOO IIO
having thereon the elastic disk 2; a stem threaded to the membei l, extending through said passage and through the upper Well of the discharge-chamber, and terminating in a head outside of saidbody; the elastic collar 4 on said stem, between the hea-d and said Wall, adapted to serve both es packing for the stem and as zi spring for normally urging same upward so as to close the Valve the projection 6 on said body extending above the limit of the stem 1o and head; and a lever pivoted in said proj eetion for depressing said stem, and adapted to be turned out of the operative position; suh- Astentially as described. JAMES S. SHORTLE.
Witnesses:
WM. R. RUMMLER, ALFRED MELTZER.
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3226079A (en) * 1963-04-03 1965-12-28 Bastian Blessing Co Swivel ring valve
US5350090A (en) * 1993-05-11 1994-09-27 Mcclure Ralph K Beverage dispenser
US5447257A (en) * 1994-01-14 1995-09-05 Dark; Richard C. G. Valve trumpet spring and seal
US20170152131A1 (en) * 2015-11-26 2017-06-01 Jezekiel Ben-Arie Reusable Siphon Head for Standard Beverage Bottles

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3226079A (en) * 1963-04-03 1965-12-28 Bastian Blessing Co Swivel ring valve
US5350090A (en) * 1993-05-11 1994-09-27 Mcclure Ralph K Beverage dispenser
US5447257A (en) * 1994-01-14 1995-09-05 Dark; Richard C. G. Valve trumpet spring and seal
US20170152131A1 (en) * 2015-11-26 2017-06-01 Jezekiel Ben-Arie Reusable Siphon Head for Standard Beverage Bottles

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